Results for 'language comprehension'

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  1. Lexical Norms, Language Comprehension, and the Epistemology of Testimony.Endre Begby - 2014 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 44 (3-4):324-342.
    It has recently been argued that public linguistic norms are implicated in the epistemology of testimony by way of underwriting the reliability of language comprehension. This paper argues that linguistic normativity, as such, makes no explanatory contribution to the epistemology of testimony, but instead emerges naturally out of a collective effort to maintain language as a reliable medium for the dissemination of knowledge. Consequently, the epistemologies of testimony and language comprehension are deeply intertwined from the (...)
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  2.  9
    Embodiment Effects and Language Comprehension in Alzheimer's Disease.Marika De Scalzi, Jennifer Rusted & Jane Oakhill - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (5):890-917.
    It has been shown that when participants are asked to make sensibility judgments on sentences that describe a transfer of an object toward or away from their body, they are faster to respond when the response requires a movement in the same direction as the transfer described in the sentence. This phenomenon is known as the action compatibility effect. This study investigates whether the ACE exists for volunteers with Alzheimer's disease, whether the ACE can facilitate language comprehension, and (...)
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  3.  5
    Maternal Socioeconomic Status Influences the Range of Expectations During Language Comprehension in Adulthood.Melissa Troyer & Arielle Borovsky - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S6).
    In infancy, maternal socioeconomic status is associated with real-time language processing skills, but whether or not this relationship carries into adulthood is unknown. We explored the effects of maternal SES in college-aged adults on eye-tracked, spoken sentence comprehension tasks using the visual world paradigm. When sentences ended in highly plausible, expected target nouns, higher SES was associated with a greater likelihood of considering alternative endings related to the action of the sentence. Moreover, for unexpected sentence endings, individuals from (...)
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  4.  9
    Moving Words: Dynamic Representations in Language Comprehension.Rolf A. Zwaan, Carol J. Madden, Richard H. Yaxley & Mark E. Aveyard - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (4):611-619.
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  5.  9
    Learning to Attend: A Connectionist Model of Situated Language Comprehension.Marshall R. Mayberry, Matthew W. Crocker & Pia Knoeferle - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (3):449-496.
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  6.  54
    An Integrated Theory of Language Production and Comprehension.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):329-347.
  7.  31
    Object Orientation Affects Spatial Language Comprehension.Michele Burigo & Simona Sacchi - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (8):1471-1492.
    Typical spatial descriptions, such as “The car is in front of the house,” describe the position of a located object (LO; e.g., the car) in space relative to a reference object (RO) whose location is known (e.g., the house). The orientation of the RO affects spatial language comprehension via the reference frame selection process. However, the effects of the LO's orientation on spatial language have not received great attention. This study explores whether the pure geometric information of (...)
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  8.  19
    Gender, Emotion, and the Embodiment of Language Comprehension.Arthur M. Glenberg, Bryan J. Webster, Emily Mouilso, David Havas & Lisa M. Lindeman - 2009 - Emotion Review 1 (2):151-161.
    Language comprehension requires a simulation that uses neural systems involved in perception, action, and emotion. A review of recent literature as well as new experiments support five predictions derived from this framework. 1. Being in an emotional state congruent with sentence content facilitates sentence comprehension. 2. Because women are more reactive to sad events and men are more reactive to angry events, women understand sentences about sad events with greater facility than men, and men understand sentences about (...)
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  9. Perceptual Symbols in Language Comprehension: Can an Empirical Case Be Made?Rolf A. Zwaan, Robert A. Stanfield & Carol J. Madden - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):636-637.
    Perceptual symbol systems form a theoretically plausible alternative to amodal symbol systems. At this point it is unclear whether there is any truly diagnostic empirical evidence to decide between these systems. We outline some possible avenues of research in the domain of language comprehension that might yield such evidence. Language comprehension will be an important arena for tests of the two types of symbol systems.
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  10.  27
    Perceptual Symbols in Language Comprehension.Arthur M. Glenberg - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):618-619.
    Barsalou proposes (sect. 4.1.6) that perceptual symbols play a role in language processing. Data from our laboratory document this role and suggest the sorts of constraints used by simulators during language comprehension.
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  11.  27
    A Common Framework for Language Comprehension and Language Production?Robert J. Hartsuiker & Martin J. Pickering - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):887-888.
    Natural language processing involves a tight coupling between action (the production of language) and perception (the comprehension of language). We argue that similar theoretical principles apply to language processing as to action/perception in general. Language production is not driven solely by the speaker's intentions; language comprehension is not only input-driven; production and perception use common representations. We will relate recent findings from our language production lab to the Theory of Event Coding (...)
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  12.  1
    Gender Stereotypes and Figurative Language Comprehension.Roberta Cocco & Francesca Ervas - 2012 - Humana Mente 5 (22).
    The paper aims to show how and to what extent social and cultural cues influence figurative language understanding. In the first part of the paper, we argue that social-contextual knowledge is organized in “schemas” or stereotypes, which act as strong bias in speaker’s meaning comprehension. Research in Experimental Pragmatics has shown that age, gender, race and occupation stereotypes are important contextual sources of information to interpret others’ speech and provide an explanation of their behavior. In the second part (...)
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  13. Psychological and Computational Models of Language Comprehension.David Pereplyotchik - 2011 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 11 (1):31-72.
    In this paper, I argue for a modified version of what Devitt calls the Representational Thesis. According to RT, syntactic rules or principles are psychologically real, in the sense that they are represented in the mind/brain of every linguistically competent speaker/hearer. I present a range of behavioral and neurophysiological evidence for the claim that the human sentence processing mechanism constructs mental representations of the syntactic properties of linguistic stimuli. I then survey a range of psychologically plausible computational models of (...) and show that they are all committed to RT. I go on to sketch a framework for thinking about the nature of the representations involved in sentence processing. My claim is that these are best characterized not as propositional attitudes but, rather, as subpersonal states whose representational properties are determined by their functional role. Finally, I distinguish between explicit and implicit representations and argue that the latter can be drawn on as data by the algorithms that constitute our sentence processing routines. I conclude that skepticism concerning the psychological reality of grammars cannot be sustained. (shrink)
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  14.  8
    Contributions to Functional Syntax, Semantics, and Language Comprehension.Petr Sgall (ed.) - 1984 - John Benjamins.
    On the Notion "Type of Language" Petr Sgall It is well known that the high frequency of terminological vagueness and confusion has been a serious obstacle ...
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  15. Frame-Shifts in Action: What Spontaneous Humor Reveals About Language Comprehension.Ying Choon Wu - 2005 - Cognitive Science 17 (2):1-27.
     
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  16.  35
    Embodiment and Language Comprehension: Reframing the Discussion.Rolf A. Zwaan - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (5):229-234.
  17.  45
    Source-Goal Asymmetries in Motion Representation: Implications for Language Production and Comprehension.Anna Papafragou - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (6):1064-1092.
    Recent research has demonstrated an asymmetry between the origins and endpoints of motion events, with preferential attention given to endpoints rather than beginnings of motion in both language and memory. Two experiments explore this asymmetry further and test its implications for language production and comprehension. Experiment 1 shows that both adults and 4-year-old children detect fewer within-category changes in source than goal objects when tested for memory of motion events; furthermore, these groups produce fewer references to source (...)
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  18.  1
    Seeing, Acting, Understanding: Motor Resonance in Language Comprehension.Rolf A. Zwaan & Lawrence J. Taylor - 2006 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 135 (1):1-11.
  19.  50
    Electrophysiology Reveals Semantic Memory Use in Language Comprehension.Marta Kutas & Kara D. Federmeier - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (12):463-470.
  20. Context Recognition in Language Comprehension.Eugene Charniak - 1982 - In W. Lehnert (ed.), Strategies for Natural Language Processing. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 435--454.
  21.  5
    Spoken Language Comprehension: An Experimental Approach to Disordered and Normal Processing by Lorraine Komisarjevsky Tyler. Cambridge, Ma.: MIT Press, 1992. Pp. XIV + 292. [REVIEW]Gary F. Marcus - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (1):102-104.
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  22.  2
    Language Comprehension in Ape and Child.Margaret Harris - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (3):367-372.
  23. Realistic Language Comprehension.Christopher K. Riesbeck - 1982 - In W. Lehnert (ed.), Strategies for Natural Language Processing. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 37--54.
     
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  24.  25
    Persistent Structural Priming From Language Comprehension to Language Production☆☆☆.K. BocK, G. Dell, F. Chang & K. Onishi - 2007 - Cognition 104 (3):437-458.
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  25. Computational Semantics: An Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and Natural Language Comprehension.Eugene Charniak & Yorick Wilks (eds.) - 1976 - Distributors for the U.S.A. And Canada, Elsevier/North Holland.
  26.  60
    Depth of Processing in Language Comprehension: Not Noticing the Evidence.Anthony J. Sanford & Patrick Sturt - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (9):382-386.
  27.  86
    Give and Take: Syntactic Priming During Spoken Language Comprehension.Malathi Thothathiri & Jesse Snedeker - 2008 - Cognition 108 (1):51-68.
  28.  4
    Language Comprehension in Ape and Child: Evolutionary Implications.E. S. Savage-Rumbaugh & E. Rubert - 1992 - In Y. Christen & P. S. Churchland (eds.), Neurophilosophy and Alzheimer's Disease. Springer Verlag. pp. 30--48.
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  29.  1
    Reflexive Anaphor Resolution in Spoken Language Comprehension: Structural Constraints and Beyond.Kaili Clackson & Vera Heyer - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  30.  6
    Representing Object Colour in Language Comprehension.Louise Connell - 2007 - Cognition 102 (3):476-485.
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  31.  4
    A Predictive Coding Perspective on Beta Oscillations During Sentence-Level Language Comprehension.Ashley G. Lewis, Jan-Mathijs Schoffelen, Herbert Schriefers & Marcel Bastiaansen - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  32.  1
    Integration or Predictability? A Further Specification of the Functional Role of Gamma Oscillations in Language Comprehension.Lin Wang, Zude Zhu & Marcel Bastiaansen - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  33.  10
    Lesion Analysis of the Brain Areas Involved in Language Comprehension.N. F. Dronkers, D. P. Wilkins, R. D. Valin, B. B. Redfern & J. J. Jaeger - 2003 - Cognition 92 (1-2):145-177.
  34.  5
    The Role of Literal Meaning in Figurative Language Comprehension: Evidence From Masked Priming ERP.Hanna Weiland, Valentina Bambini & Petra B. Schumacher - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  35.  4
    The Role of Language Comprehension in Reasoning: How “Good-Enough” Representations Induce Biases.André Mata, Anna-Lena Schubert & Mário B. Ferreira - 2014 - Cognition 133 (2):457-463.
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  36.  8
    Grounding the Neurobiology of Language in First Principles: The Necessity of Non-Language-Centric Explanations for Language Comprehension.Uri Hasson, Giovanna Egidi, Marco Marelli & Roel M. Willems - 2018 - Cognition 180:135-157.
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  37.  8
    Cognitive Aging and Hearing Acuity: Modeling Spoken Language Comprehension.Arthur Wingfield, Nicole M. Amichetti & Amanda Lash - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  38.  17
    Simulating Visibility During Language Comprehension.Richard H. Yaxley & Rolf A. Zwaan - 2007 - Cognition 105 (1):229-236.
  39.  4
    The Role of Domain-General Cognitive Control in Language Comprehension.Evelina Fedorenko - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  40.  2
    Meaning Through Syntax: Language Comprehension and the Reduced Relative Clause Construction.Gail McKoon & Roger Ratcliff - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (3):490-525.
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  41.  10
    Morphology, Language and the Brain: The Decompositional Substrate for Language Comprehension.William D. Marslen-Wilson & Lorraine K. Tyler - 2008 - In Jon Driver, Patrick Haggard & Tim Shallice (eds.), Mental Processes in the Human Brain. Oxford University Press. pp. 362--1481.
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  42.  17
    Prosodic Phrasing is Central to Language Comprehension.L. Frazier, K. Carlson & C. Cliftonjr - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (6):244-249.
  43.  3
    Listeners Use Speaker Identity to Access Representations of Spatial Perspective During Online Language Comprehension.Rachel A. Ryskin, Ranxiao Frances Wang & Sarah Brown-Schmidt - 2016 - Cognition 147:75-84.
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  44.  3
    Language Control in Bilingual Language Comprehension: Evidence From the Maze Task.Xin Wang - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  45.  1
    Grammatical Number Processing and Anticipatory Eye Movements Are Not Tightly Coordinated in English Spoken Language Comprehension.Brian Riordan, Melody Dye & Michael N. Jones - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  46. Morphological Processes in Language Comprehension.William D. Marslen-Wilson - 2009 - In Gareth Gaskell (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics. Oxford University Press.
     
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  47. Language Comprehension is Both Embodied and Symbolic!Max Louwerse & Jeuniaux & Patrick - 2008 - In Manuel de Vega, Arthur Glenberg & Arthur Graesser (eds.), Symbols and Embodiment: Debates on Meaning and Cognition. Oxford University Press.
     
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  48.  5
    It’s the Way That You, Er, Say It: Hesitations in Speech Affect Language Comprehension.Martin Corley, Lucy J. MacGregor & David I. Donaldson - 2007 - Cognition 105 (3):658-668.
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  49. Lesion Analysis of the Brain Areas Involved in Language Comprehension.Nina F. Dronkers, David P. Wilkins, Robert D. Van Valin, Brenda B. Redfern & Jeri J. Jaeger - 2004 - Cognition 92 (1-2):145-177.
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  50.  4
    Passing Markers: A Theory of Contextual Influence in Language Comprehension.Eugene Charniak - 1983 - Cognitive Science 7 (3):171-190.
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