Results for 'monitoring'

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  1. The Comparative Psychology of Uncertainty Monitoring and Metacognition.J. Smith, W. Shields & D. Washburn - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):317-339.
    Researchers have begun to explore animals' capacities for uncertainty monitoring and metacognition. This exploration could extend the study of animal self-awareness and establish the relationship of self-awareness to other-awareness. It could sharpen descriptions of metacognition in the human literature and suggest the earliest roots of metacognition in human development. We summarize research on uncertainty monitoring by humans, monkeys, and a dolphin within perceptual and metamemory tasks. We extend phylogenetically the search for metacognitive capacities by considering studies that have (...)
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  2.  11
    Monitoring Intensity and Stakeholders' Orientation: How Does Governance Affect Social and Environmental Disclosure? [REVIEW]Christine Mallin, Giovanna Michelon & Davide Raggi - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (1):29-43.
    The aim of the paper is to investigate the effects of the corporate governance model on social and environmental disclosure (SED). We analyze the disclosures of the 100 U.S. Best Corporate Citizens in the period 2005–2007, and we posit a series of simultaneous relationships between different attributes of the governance system and a multidimensional construct of corporate social performance (CSP). We consider both the extent and the quality of SED, with the purpose of identifying increasing levels of corporate commitment to (...)
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  3.  30
    The Effects of Moral Reasoning and Self-Monitoring on CFO Intentions to Report Fraudulently on Financial Statements.Nancy Uddin & Peter R. Gillett - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 40 (1):15 - 32.
    This study adapts the theory of reasoned action (Ajzen and Fishbein, 1980) to the behavior of fraudulent reporting on financial statements so as to examine the effects of moral reasoning and self-monitoring on intention to report fraudulently, using structural equation modeling. The paper seeks to investigate two of the red flags for financial statement fraud identified in Loebbecke et al.'s (1989) paper: client management displays a significant lack of moral fiber and client personnel exhibit strong personality anomalies. As expected, (...)
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  4.  18
    The Web-Rhetoric of Companies Offering Home-Based Personal Health Monitoring.Anders Nordgren - 2012 - Health Care Analysis 20 (2):103-118.
    In this paper I investigate the web-rhetoric of companies offering home-based personal health monitoring to patients and elderly people. Two main rhetorical methods are found, namely a reference to practical benefits and a use of prestige words like “quality of life” and “independence”. I interpret the practical benefits in terms of instrumental values and the prestige words in terms of final values. I also reconstruct the arguments on the websites in terms of six different types of argument. Finally, I (...)
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  5.  30
    Privacy by Design in Personal Health Monitoring.Anders Nordgren - 2015 - Health Care Analysis 23 (2):148-164.
    The concept of privacy by design is becoming increasingly popular among regulators of information and communications technologies. This paper aims at analysing and discussing the ethical implications of this concept for personal health monitoring. I assume a privacy theory of restricted access and limited control. On the basis of this theory, I suggest a version of the concept of privacy by design that constitutes a middle road between what I call broad privacy by design and narrow privacy by design. (...)
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  6.  99
    Electronic Monitoring and Privacy Issues in Business-Marketing: The Ethics of the Doubleclick Experience. [REVIEW]Darren Charters - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 35 (4):243 - 254.
    The paper examines the ethics of electronic monitoring for advertising purposes and the implications for Internet user privacy using as a backdrop DoubleClick Incs recent controversy over matching previously anonymous user profiles with personally identifiable information. It explores various ethical theories that are applicable to understand privacy issues in electronic monitoring. It is argued that, despite the fact that electronic monitoring always constitutes an invasion of privacy, it can still be ethically justified on both Utilitarian and Kantian (...)
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  7.  20
    Multi-Stakeholder Labour Monitoring Organizations: Egoists, Instrumentalists, or Moralists?Jeff S. Everett, Dean Neu & Daniel Martinez - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (1):117-142.
    This article examines four leading multi-stakeholder labour monitoring organizations. All operating in the maquiladora industry, these organizations are viewed in light of the growing global trend toward industry self-regulation, or what has been referred to as the 'global out-sourcing of regulation'. Their Board compositions, codes of conduct and monitoring and enforcement strategies are all examined as a means of tentatively positioning these organizations along an 'egoist-instrumentalist-moralist' ethical culture continuum. Such a framing provides insights into the perceived salience of (...)
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  8.  32
    Qualitative Stakeholder Analysis for the Development of Sustainable Monitoring Systems for Farm Animal Welfare.M. B. M. Bracke, K. H. De Greef & H. Hopster - 2005 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (1):27-56.
    Continued concern for animal welfare may be alleviated when welfare would be monitored on farms. Monitoring can be characterized as an information system where various stakeholders periodically exchange relevant information. Stakeholders include producers, consumers, retailers, the government, scientists, and others. Valuating animal welfare in the animal-product market chain is regarded as a key challenge to further improve the welfare of farm animals and information on the welfare of animals must, therefore, be assessed objectively, for instance, through monitoring. Interviews (...)
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  9.  5
    Remote Monitoring or Close Encounters? Ethical Considerations in Priority Setting Regarding Telecare.Anders Nordgren - 2012 - Health Care Analysis (4):1-15.
    The proportion of elderly in society is growing rapidly, leading to increasing health care costs. New remote monitoring technologies are expected to lower these costs by reducing the number of close encounters with health care professionals, for example the number of visits to health care centres. In this paper, I discuss issues of priority setting raised by this expectation. As a starting-point, I analyse the recent debate on principles for priority setting in Sweden. The Swedish debate illustrates that developing (...)
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  10.  8
    Monitoring Costs, Managerial Ethics and Corporate Governance: A Modeling Approach. [REVIEW]Lerong He & Shih-Jen Kathy Ho - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 99 (4):623 - 635.
    This article evaluates effectiveness and costs of external regulation, in particular the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX) in restricting managerial malfeasance and safeguarding shareholder interests. It discusses the role of managerial ethics as an alternative corporate governance mechanism to protect shareholder value. This article builds a mathematical model to illustrate shareholders' choices of best corporate governance mechanisms, taking into account the influence of managerial ethics, effectiveness and costs of monitoring. We suggest that the best corporate governance design and the (...)
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  11.  29
    Monitoring the Ethical Use of Sales Technology: An Exploratory Field Investigation. [REVIEW]Victoria Bush, Alan J. Bush & Linda Orr - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 95 (2):239 - 257.
    The use of technology in marketing has become an increasingly important competitive tool in developing and maintaining efficient and productive customer relationships. However, the ethics of using this technology has received little attention. This study investigates how and if marketing organizations are adapting their ethics policies to incorporate use of sales technology (ST). Based on in-depth interviews with executives from a variety of highly regulated to nonregulated business-to-business and business-to-consumer industries, our results show that, although most organizations indeed have codes (...)
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  12.  57
    Post-Approval Monitoring and Oversight of U.S.-Initiated Human Subjects Research in Resource-Constrained Countries.Brandon Brown, Janni Kinsler, Morenike O. Folayan, Karen Allen & Carlos F. Cáceres - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (2):119-123.
    The history of human subjects research and controversial procedures in relation to it has helped form the field of bioethics. Ethically questionable elements may be identified during research design, research implementation, management at the study site, or actions by a study’s investigator or other staff. Post-approval monitoring (PAM) may prevent violations from occurring or enable their identification at an early stage. In U.S.-initiated human subjects research taking place in resource-constrained countries with limited development of research regulatory structures, arranging a (...)
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  13.  16
    Promoting Inequality? Self-Monitoring Applications and the Problem of Social Justice.Katrin Paldan, Hanno Sauer & Nils-Frederic Wagner - 2018 - AI and Society:1-11.
    When it comes to improving the health of the general population, mHealth technologies with self-monitoring and intervention components hold a lot of promise. We argue, however, that due to various factors such as access, targeting, personal resources or incentives, self-monitoring applications run the risk of increasing health inequalities, thereby creating a problem of social justice. We review empirical evidence for “intervention-generated” inequalities, present arguments that self-monitoring applications are still morally acceptable, and develop approaches to avoid the promotion (...)
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  14.  33
    Examining the Effects of Moral Development Level, Self-Concept, and Self-Monitoring on Consumers' Ethical Attitudes.Bahtışen Kavak, Eda Gürel, Canan Eryiğit & Öznur Özkan Tektaş - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (1):115 - 135.
    This study investigates the possible effects of self-concept, self-monitoring, and moral development level on dimensions of consumers' ethical attitudes. "Actively benefiting from illegal activities," "actively benefiting from deceptive practices," and "no harm/no foul 1—2" are defined by factor analysis as four dimensions of Turkish consumers' ethical attitudes. Logistic regression analysis is applied to data collected from 516 Turkish households. Results indicate that self-monitoring and moral development level predicted consumer ethics in relation to "actively benefiting from questionable practices" and (...)
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  15.  39
    Engineering with Uncertainty: Monitoring Air Bag Performance.Jameson M. Wetmore - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (2):201-218.
    Modern engineering is complicated by an enormous number of uncertainties. Engineers know a great deal about the material world and how it works. But due to the inherent limits of testing and the complexities of the world outside the lab, engineers will never be able to fully predict how their creations will behave. One way the uncertainties of engineering can be dealt with is by actively monitoring technologies once they have left the development and production stage. This article uses (...)
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  16.  27
    Electronic Monitoring of Offenders: An Ethical Review.William Bülow - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):505-518.
    This paper considers electronic monitoring (EM) a promising alternative to imprisonment as a criminal sanction for a series of criminal offenses. However, little has been said about EM from an ethical perspective. To evaluate EM from an ethical perspective, six initial ethical challenges are addressed and discussed. It is argued that since EM is developing as a technology and a punitive means, it is urgent to discuss its ethical implications and incorporate moral values into its design and development.
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  17.  43
    Monitoring in Clinical Trials: Benefit or Bias?Cecilia Nardini - 2013 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (4):259-274.
    Monitoring ongoing clinical trials for early signs of effectiveness is an option for improving cost-effectiveness of trials that is becoming increasingly common. Alongside the obvious advantages made possible by monitoring, however, there are some downsides. In particular, there is growing concern in the medical community that trials stopped early for benefit tend to overestimate treatment effect. In this paper, I examine this problem from the point of view of statistical methodology, starting from the observation that the overestimation is (...)
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  18.  12
    Influence of Social Perception and Social Monitoring on Structural Priming.Heeju Hwang & Eunjin Chun - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S1):303-313.
    Although structural priming has been considered to be an independent cognitive process, recent evidence suggests that structural priming is modulated by sociocognitive factors such as social perception; speakers are more likely to mimic the sentence structure of a socially desirable interlocutor than the structure of a less desirable interlocutor. This study aims to further address the role of sociocognitive factors in language use by investigating how individual differences in social perception and tendency to align with others modulate same-verb structural priming. (...)
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  19.  7
    The Effects of CEO Trustworthiness on Directors' Monitoring and Resource Provision.Esther B. Del Brio, Toru Yoshikawa, Catherine E. Connelly & Wee Liang Tan - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 118 (1):155-169.
    Because of the importance of board members’ resource provision and monitoring, a substantial body of research has been devoted to ascertaining how directors can be incented to perform their responsibilities. We use social exchange theory to empirically examine how board members’ resource provision and monitoring are affected by their perceptions of the CEOs’ trustworthiness. Our findings suggest that board members’ perceptions of the CEO’s ability, benevolence, and integrity have different effects on the board members’ resource provision and (...). Our results further suggest that board members’ governance behaviors are moderated by the board’s performance evaluation practices. (shrink)
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  20.  39
    Research Site Monitoring for Compliance with Ethics Regulatory Standards: Review of Experience From Uganda. [REVIEW]Joseph Ochieng, Julius Ecuru, Frederick Nakwagala & Paul Kutyabami - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):23.
    On site monitoring of research is one of the most effective ways to ensure compliance during research conduct. However, it is least carried out primarily for two reasons: presumed high costs both in terms of human resources and finances; and the lack of a clear framework for undertaking site monitoring. In this paper we discuss a model for research site monitoring that may be cost effective and feasible in low resource settings.
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  21.  15
    User Perceptions of Anthropomorphic Robots as Monitoring Devices.Stuart Moran, Khaled Bachour & Toyoaki Nishida - 2015 - AI and Society 30 (1):1-21.
    The principle behind anthropomorphic robots is that the appearance and behaviours enable the pre-defined social skills that people use with each other each day to be used as a means of interaction. One of the problems with this approach is that there are many attributes of such a robot which can influence a user’s behaviour, potentially causing undesirable effects. This paper aims to identify and discuss a series of the most salient behaviour influencing factors in the literature, related to a (...)
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  22. Perbandingan Komitmen Berpacaran Berdasarkan Self-Monitoring. Erny, Fransisca Iriani R. D. & Lianawati - 2010 - Phronesis (Misc) 7 (1).
    : Commitment is the strongest predicator of persistence in an intimate relationship. The aim of this research is to find out the difference about commitment in courtship relationship between high self-monitoring individuals and low self-monitoring individuals. The whole subjects for this research are 127 individuals, which consists of 26 self-monitoring individuals and 21 high self-monitoring individuals. The result indicates that there is not no difference of young adulthood’s commitment between high self-monitoring individuals and low self- (...) individuals in courtship relationship.  . (shrink)
     
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  23.  97
    Attention and Internal Monitoring: A Farewell to HOP.W. Sauret & W. G. Lycan - 2014 - Analysis 74 (3):363-370.
    Higher-Order Perception (HOP) theories in the philosophy of mind are offered as explanations of what it is that makes a mental state a conscious state. According to HOP, a mental state is conscious just in case it is itself represented in a quasi-perceptual way by an internal monitor or scanning device. We start with one of the more popular objections to HOP and a seemingly innocuous concession to it: identifying the internal monitor with the faculty of attention. We conclude by (...)
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  24.  13
    Oops, Scratch That! Monitoring One’s Own Errors During Mental Calculation.Ana L. Fernandez Cruz, Santiago Arango-Muñoz & Kirsten G. Volz - 2016 - Cognition 146:110-120.
    The feeling of error (FOE) is the subjective experience that something went wrong during a reasoning or calculation task. The main goal of the present study was to assess the accuracy of the FOE in the context of mental mathematical calculation. We used the number bisection task (NBT) to evoke this metacognitive feeling and assessed it by asking participants if they felt they have committed an error after solving the task. In the NBT participants have to determine whether the number (...)
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  25.  26
    The Internet, Children, and Privacy: The Case Against Parental Monitoring.Kay Mathiesen - 2013 - Ethics and Information Technology 15 (4):263-274.
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  26.  25
    Is Monitoring One’s Actions Causally Relevant to Choking Under Pressure?Barbara Gail Montero - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):379-395.
    I have a painfully vivid memory of performing the Venezuelan choreographer Vincente Nebrada’s ballet Pentimento.After graduating from high school at age 15 and before entering college, I spent a number of years working as a professional ballet dancer with North Carolina Dance Theatre , among other companies. I was a new member of North Carolina Dance Theatre, and although the company had presented the piece on a number of occasions, this was the first time the director was watching from the (...)
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  27.  4
    Routine Outcome Monitoring and Feedback on Physical or Mental Health Status: Evidence and Theory.Ingrid Ve Carlier, Denise Meuldijk, Irene M. Van Vliet, Esther Van Fenema, Nic Ja van der Wee & Frans G. Zitman - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (1):104-110.
  28.  8
    New Technology to Enable Personal Monitoring and Incident Reporting Can Transform Professional Culture: The Potential to Favourably Impact the Future of Health Care.Stephen Bolsin, Andrew Patrick, Mark Colson, Bernie Creatie & Liadane Freestone - 2005 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 11 (5):499-506.
  29.  11
    Divided Attention: A Vehicle for Monitoring Memory Processes.William A. Johnston, Seth N. Greenberg, Ronald P. Fisher & David W. Martin - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p1):164.
  30.  8
    Monitoring the Performance of Intensive Care Units Using the Variable Life‐Adjusted Display: A Simulation Study to Explore its Applicability and Efficiency.Francesca Foltran, Ileana Baldi, Guido Bertolini, Franco Merletti & Dario Gregori - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (3):506-513.
  31.  9
    An Evaluation of the Adequacy of Outpatient Monitoring of Thyroid Replacement Therapy.Henry Thomas Stelfox, Sofia B. Ahmed, Julie Fiskio & David W. Bates - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (4):525-530.
  32.  9
    Examination of Some Factors Influencing Performance on an Auditory Monitoring Task with One Signal Per Session.Michael Loeb & John R. Binford - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p1):40.
  33.  5
    Reference Values for Mental Health Assessment Instruments: Objectives and Methods of the Leiden Routine Outcome Monitoring Study.Yvonne W. M. Schulte‐van Maaren, Ingrid V. E. Carlier, Erik J. Giltay, Martijn S. van Noorden, Margot W. M. de Waal, Nic J. A. van der Wee & Frans G. Zitman - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (2):342-350.
  34.  6
    The Impact of Diabetes Education on Blood Glucose Self‐Monitoring Among Older Adults.Adam Millar, Karen Cauch‐Dudek & Baiju R. Shah - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (4):790-793.
  35.  5
    Effects of Signal Frequency on Increase in Reaction Time in a 10-Minute Auditory Monitoring Task.Hans O. Lisper & Stig Ericsson - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (2):316.
  36.  5
    Within-Session Criterion Changes Compared to an Ideal Observer Criterion in a Visual Monitoring Task.Robert C. Williges - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):61.
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  37.  4
    Incidental Retention of Recurring Words Presented During Auditory Monitoring Tasks.Gerald A. Zerdy - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (1):82.
  38.  5
    Aptitude Level and Performance in Simple and Choice Visual Monitoring Tasks.Wayne L. Fox - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):146.
  39.  4
    Selective Attention in Multisource Monitoring Tasks.Peter Hamilton - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (1p1):34.
  40.  3
    Relative Effects on Performance and Motivation of Self-Monitoring Correct and Incorrect Responses.Terry C. Wade - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (2):245.
  41.  3
    Role of Central Monitoring of Efference in Short-Term Memory for Movements.Bill Jones - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (1):37.
  42.  3
    Effect of Prewarning on Increase in Reaction Time in an Auditory Monitoring Task.Hans O. Lisper, Lennart Melin & Per O. Sjoden - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (2):378.
  43.  2
    Doctors' Perceptions of Laboratory Monitoring in Office Practice.Roberta E. Goldman, Christine S. Soran, Geoffrey L. Hayward & Steven R. Simon - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (6):1136-1141.
  44.  1
    Changes in Information-Selection Patterns in Multisource Monitoring as a Function of Induced Arousal Shifts.Robert Hockey - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (1):35.
  45. Individual Differences in Self-Conscious Source Monitoring: Theoretical, Experimental, and Clinical Considerations.Robert G. Kunzendorf - 2000 - In Robert G. Kunzendorf & B. Alan Wallace (eds.), Individual Differences in Conscious Experience. John Benjamins.
  46. Conflict Monitoring and Anterior Cingulate Cortex: An Update.Matthew M. Botvinick, Jonathan D. Cohen & Cameron S. Carter - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (12):539-546.
    One hypothesis concerning the human dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is that it functions, in part, to signal the occurrence of conflicts in information processing, thereby triggering compensatory adjustments in cognitive control. Since this idea was first proposed, a great deal of relevant empirical evidence has accrued. This evidence has largely corroborated the conflict-monitoring hypothesis, and some very recent work has provided striking new support for the theory. At the same time, other findings have posed specific challenges, especially concerning (...)
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  47. Explaining Schizophrenia: Auditory Verbal Hallucination and Self-Monitoring.Wayne Wu - 2012 - Mind and Language 27 (1):86-107.
    Do self-monitoring accounts, a dominant account of the positive symptoms, explain auditory verbal hallucination (AVH)? In this essay, I argue that the account fails to answer many crucial questions any explanation of AVH must address. Where the account provides a plausible answer, I make a case for an alternative explanation: AVH is not the result of a failed control mechanism, namely failed self-monitoring, but the persistent automaticity of auditory experience of a voice. The argument emphasizes the importance of (...)
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  48. The Ethical Implications of Personal Health Monitoring.Brent Mittelstadt - 2014 - International Journal of Technoethics 5 (2):37-60.
    Personal Health Monitoring (PHM) uses electronic devices which monitor and record health-related data outside a hospital, usually within the home. This paper examines the ethical issues raised by PHM. Eight themes describing the ethical implications of PHM are identified through a review of 68 academic articles concerning PHM. The identified themes include privacy, autonomy, obtrusiveness and visibility, stigma and identity, medicalisation, social isolation, delivery of care, and safety and technological need. The issues around each of these are discussed. The (...)
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  49.  69
    Focused Attention, Open Monitoring and Automatic Self-Transcending: Categories to Organize Meditations From Vedic, Buddhist and Chinese Traditions.Fred Travis & Jonathan Shear - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1110--1118.
    This paper proposes a third meditation-category—automatic self-transcending— to extend the dichotomy of focused attention and open monitoring proposed by Lutz. Automaticself-transcending includes techniques designed to transcend their own activity. This contrasts with focused attention, which keeps attention focused on an object; and open monitoring, which keeps attention involved in the monitoring process. Each category was assigned EEG bands, based on reported brain patterns during mental tasks, and meditations were categorized based on their reported EEG. Focused attention, characterized (...)
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  50.  40
    Thought as Action: Inner Speech, Self-Monitoring, and Auditory Verbal Hallucinations.S. JoneS & C. Fernyhough - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):391-399.
    Passivity experiences in schizophrenia are thought to be due to a failure in a neurocognitive action self-monitoring system . Drawing on the assumption that inner speech is a form of action, a recent model of auditory verbal hallucinations has proposed that AVHs can be explained by a failure in the NASS. In this article, we offer an alternative application of the NASS to AVHs, with separate mechanisms creating the emotion of self-as-agent and other-as-agent. We defend the assumption that inner (...)
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