Results for 'moral reform'

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  1.  80
    Common Morality and Moral Reform.K. A. Wallace - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (1):55-68.
    The idea of moral reform requires that morality be more than a description of what people do value, for there has to be some measure against which to assess progress. Otherwise, any change is not reform, but simply difference. Therefore, I discuss moral reform in relation to two prescriptive approaches to common morality, which I distinguish as the foundational and the pragmatic. A foundational approach to common morality (e.g., Bernard Gert’s) suggests that there is no (...)
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  2.  31
    Review of Papish, Laura. Kant on Evil, Self-Deception and Moral Reform. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. 280. $74.13 (Cloth). [REVIEW]Samuel J. M. Kahn - forthcoming - Ethics.
  3.  53
    Moral Reform, Moral Disagreement, and Abortion.Kathleen Wallace - 2007 - Metaphilosophy 38 (4):380-403.
  4.  21
    Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform.Laura Papish - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Throughout his writings, and particularly in Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason, Kant alludes to the idea that evil is connected to self-deceit, and while numerous commentators regard this as a highly attractive thesis, none have seriously explored it. Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform addresses this crucial element of Kant's ethical theory. -/- Working with both Kant's core texts on ethics and materials less often cited within scholarship on Kant's practical philosophy (such as Kant's logic (...)
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  5.  47
    ''Punishment, Contempt, and the Prospect of Moral Reform''.Zachary Hoskins - 2013 - Criminal Justice Ethics 32 (1):1-18.
    This paper objects to certain forms of punishments, such as supermax confinement, on grounds that they are inappropriately contemptuous. Building on discussions in Kant and elsewhere, I flesh out what I take to be salient features of contempt, features that make contempt especially troubling as a form of moral regard and treatment. As problematic as contempt may be in the interpersonal context, I contend that it is especially troubling when a person is treated contemptuously by her political community’s institutions (...)
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  6.  27
    Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform, by Laura Papish.Patrick R. Frierson - 2019 - Mind 128 (512):1344-1355.
    Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform, by PapishLaura. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. xvii + 257.
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  7.  16
    Laura Papish, Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018 Pp. Xvii + 280 ISBN 9780190692100 $85.00. [REVIEW]Pablo Muchnik - 2019 - Kantian Review 24 (2):316-322.
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  8. Jacobins and Utopians: The Political Theory of Fundamental Moral Reform.George Klosko - 2006 - Philosophy 81 (318):690-694.
     
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  9. Jacobins and Utopians: The Political Theory of Fundamental Moral Reform.George Klosko - 2003 - Utopian Studies 14 (2):177-179.
  10.  8
    Chapter Seven. Individuality and Moral Reform.Joseph Hamburger - 2001 - In John Stuart Mill on Liberty and Control. Princeton University Press. pp. 149-165.
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  11. Persuasion and Moral Reform in Plato and Aristotle.George Klosko - 1993 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 47 (184):31-49.
     
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  12.  16
    Mackie’s Conceptual Reform Moral Error Theory.Wouter Floris Kalf - forthcoming - Journal of Value Inquiry 2 (53):1-17.
    John P. Burgess has remarked that Mackie: “even though he talks of the need to invent morality … does not seem to think that this proposal could be worked into a revisionary meta-ethic”. In the first part of my paper, I argue that Mackie did propose a revisionary meta-ethic (conceptual reformism), and that Mackie was not a preservatist, abolitionist, or semantic pluralist. I also argue that interpreting Mackie as a conceptual reformist enables us to overcome a number of standard objections (...)
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  13.  29
    Health Care Reform and Abortion: A Catholic Moral Perspective.James T. McHugh - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (5):491-500.
    The Catholic Church in the United States provides extensive health care service through its more than 600 health facilities. The Church, on the basis of its moral teaching, sees health care as a basic human right and supports universal coverage. At the same time, the Church considers abortion morally wrong and opposes coverage of abortion as a health service in a national health plan. Mandated coverage of abortion would violate the moral commitments of Catholic hospitals and the consciences (...)
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  14.  9
    Beyond the Numbers: Toward a Moral Vision for Criminal Justice Reform.Seth Mayer & F. Italia Patti - 2015 - Drake Law Review Discourse:101-110.
    The diverse coalition of activists trying to cut the prison population has thus far failed to articulate a coherent moral foundation for criminal justice reform. Since the various constituents of this coalition support reform for different reasons, it may seem savvy to avoid conversation about moral questions. We argue, however, that failing to work toward developing a moral basis for reform puts the coalition at risk of repeating the failures of the sentencing reform (...)
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  15.  17
    Health Reform in America: The Mystery of the Missing Moral Momentum.Lawrence D. Brown - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (3):239-246.
    Examining health policy and its recent reform misadventures in the United States from a moral viewpoint is painful. That the nation devotes 14% of its Gross Domestic Product to health servicesand yet lets more than 40 million citizens go without health coverage strikes critics, both foreign and domestic, as a disgrace explicable only by ethical deficiencies distinctive to the American value system. There is certainly merit in this critique, which understandably incites fire and brimstone about the urgent (...) imperative of getting the nation on the path of righteousness at last. (shrink)
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  16.  6
    Prevent, Repent, Reform, Revenge: A Study in Adolescent Moral Development.Ann C. Diver-Stamnes - 1995 - Greenwood Press.
    The book is designed to answer two main questions: What kind of analytical scheme can profitably reveal the nature of people's reasoning about the aims of ...
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  17.  41
    Health Care Reform: A Study in Moral Malfeasance.H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (5):501-516.
    Instead of benefitting from open meetings and public discussions, the Clintons drafted their health care plan in private and asked that it be accepted in haste. They advance an ideology that claims we can receive the best care for all without any increase in cost or rationing, and then they use "ethicists" to justify this ideology through a supposedly common morality. However, there is no such common morality. In the context of American pluralism, one must look to the actual consent (...)
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  18.  62
    The Natural Duty of Justice in Non-Ideal Circumstances: On the Moral Demands of Institution Building and Reform.Laura Valentini - 2017 - European Journal of Political Theory:147488511774209.
    Principles of distributive justice bind macro-level institutional agents, like the state. But what does justice require in non-ideal circumstances, where institutional agents are unjust or do not e...
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  19.  64
    The Moral Basis for Healthcare Reform in the United States.Griffin Trotter - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (1):102-107.
    In speculating on the motives for government, English philosopher Thomas Hobbes identified the pervasive role of fear and the danger of violent death, holding famously that where no government prevails to secure physical safety and property, there can also be no enduring knowledge, art, or civilization—leaving human lives “solitary, poore [sic], nasty, brutish and short.”.
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  20.  9
    The Moral Controversy Over Boxing Reform.C. D. Herrera - 2002 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 29 (2):163-173.
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  21.  8
    Mackie’s Conceptual Reform Moral Error Theory.Wouter Floris Kalf - 2019 - Journal of Value Inquiry 53 (2):175-191.
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  22. Ethics as Moral Inquiry: Dewey and the Moral Psychology of Social Reform.James Bohman - 2010 - In Molly Cochran (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Dewey. Cambridge University Press.
  23.  16
    Taxation Reform: A Moral Issue?Brian Lucas - 1998 - The Australasian Catholic Record 75 (3):315.
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  24.  14
    Ci, Jiwei, Moral China in the Age of Reform.Sam Crane - 2015 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 14 (4):601-605.
  25.  17
    It Is Not Your Fault: Suggestions for Building Ethical Capacity in Individuals Through Structural Reform to Health Care Organisations: Comment on" Moral Distress in Uninsured Health Care" by Anita Nivens and Janet Buelow.Sarah Winch, Michael Sinnott & Ramon Shaban - forthcoming - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry.
  26.  16
    Moral Justification of Reform Movements in American Political Philosophy.Yeager Hudson - 1988 - Social Philosophy Today 1:45-58.
  27.  13
    Remorse, Reform and the Real World: Reply to Lippke. [REVIEW]Steven Tudor - 2008 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 2 (3):269-272.
    This article replies to some of Richard Lippke’s criticisms of my earlier article on the issue of whether remorse should mitigate sentence. I query whether remorse-based mitigation must always wait for signs of moral reform, and re-affirm that remorse is worthy of recognition in itself and not just for the moral reform it may bring. I also argue that, where delayed mitigation is appropriate, the task of ascertaining moral reform is not as dubious, practically (...)
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  28.  5
    Eugenics as a Moral Ideal: The Beginning of a Progressive Reform.F. C. S. Schiller - 1930 - The Eugenics Review 22 (2):103.
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  29. Moral and Political Aspects of School Reform: The Example of Poland.Heliodor Muszynski - 1992 - Paideia 16:93.
     
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  30. Cultural Literacy and Moral Community: A Reappraisal of Conservative Reform Discourse.G. T. Ray - 1996 - Journal of Thought 31:25-36.
  31. The Moral Foundations of Health Services Reform.Robert Sade - 1997 - Reason Papers 22:85-95.
     
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  32. HAYWARD, F. H. - The Reform of Moral and Biblical Education on the Lines of Herbartianism, Critical Thought, and the Ethical Needs of the Present Day. [REVIEW]Foster Watson - 1904 - Mind 13:115.
  33. Moral Decay and Social Reconstruction: Richard Turner and Radical Reform.Eddie Webster - 1993 - Theoria 81:1-13.
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  34.  36
    Moral Distress and the Contemporary Plight of Health Professionals.Wendy Austin - 2012 - HEC Forum 24 (1):27-38.
    Once a term used primarily by moral philosophers, “moral distress” is increasingly used by health professionals to name experiences of frustration and failure in fulfilling moral obligations inherent to their fiduciary relationship with the public. Although such challenges have always been present, as has discord regarding the right thing to do in particular situations, there is a radical change in the degree and intensity of moral distress being expressed. Has the plight of professionals in healthcare practice (...)
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  35.  27
    Forgiveness and Moral Development.Paula Satne - 2016 - Philosophia 44 (4):1029-1055.
    Forgiveness is clearly an important aspect of our moral lives, yet surprisingly Kant, one of the most important authors in the history of Western ethics, seems to have very little to say about it. Some authors explain this omission by noting that forgiveness sits uncomfortably in Kant’s moral thought: forgiveness seems to have an ineluctably ‘elective’ aspect which makes it to a certain extent arbitrary; thus it stands in tension with Kant’s claim that agents are autonomous beings, capable (...)
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  36.  26
    Is Systemic Reform in Education Morally Justifiable?Barry L. Bull - 1996 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 15 (1-2):13-23.
  37.  39
    Punishment and Reform.Steven Sverdlik - 2014 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 8 (3):619-633.
    The reform of offenders is often said to be one of the morally legitimate aims of punishment. After briefly surveying the history of reformist thinking I examine the ‘quasi-reform’ theories, as I call them, of H. Morris, J. Hampton and A. Duff. I explain how they conceive of reform, and what role they take it to have in the criminal justice system. I then focus critically on one feature of their conception of reform, namely, the claim (...)
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  38.  35
    On Crimes and Punishments in Virtual Worlds: Bots, the Failure of Punishment and Players as Moral Entrepreneurs. [REVIEW]Stefano Paoli & Aphra Kerr - 2012 - Ethics and Information Technology 14 (2):73-87.
    This paper focuses on the role of punishment as a critical social mechanism for cheating prevention in MMORPGs. The role of punishment is empirically investigated in a case study of the MMORPG Tibia (Cipsoft 1997–2011 ) ( http://www.tibia.com ) and by focusing on the use of bots to cheat. We describe the failure of punishment in Tibia, which is perceived by players as one of the elements facilitating the proliferation of bots. In this process some players act as a (...) enterprising group contributing to the reform of the game rules and in particular to the reform of the Tibia punishment system by the game company. In the conclusion we consider the ethical issues raised by our findings and we propose some general reflections on the role of punishment and social mechanisms for the governance of online worlds more generally. (shrink)
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  39.  9
    Lincoln Steffens' The Shame of the Cities and the Philosophy of Corruption and Reform.H. G. Callaway (ed.) - forthcoming - Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
    This book is a new scholarly edition of Lincoln Steffens' classic, "muck-raking" account of Gilded Age corruption in America. It provides the broader political background, and theoretical and historical context needed to better understand the social and political roots of corruption in general terms: the social and moral nature of corruption and reform.
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  40.  55
    Mill and Sexual Reform.Francesco Orsi - 2018 - Think 17 (50):101-112.
    Should positional sexual misconduct (sexual advances or interaction where one party is known, or should be known, to have a significant power over the other) be included in the list of morally forbidden behaviours? I explore benefits and costs of this moral reform with the help of J. S. Mill.
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  41.  31
    Ideopolitical Shifts and Changes in Moral Education Policy in China.Wing On Lee & Chi Hang Ho - 2005 - Journal of Moral Education 34 (4):413-431.
    Moral education is always closely associated with politics in China, and the term ?moral education? is often interchangeable with such other terms as ideological and political education. Officially, moral education is seen as an important tool in upholding the socialist nature of the school and society. This paper examines the changing political and ideological orientations in China, and their implications for policy change in moral education since 1978. The paper reports on a case study on The (...)
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  42.  37
    Changes and Challenges for Moral Education in Taiwan.Chi‐Ming Lee * Angela - 2004 - Journal of Moral Education 33 (4):575-595.
    Taiwan has gradually transformed from an authoritarian to a democratic society. The education system is moving from uniformity to diversity, from authoritarian centralization to deregulation and pluralism. Moral education is a reflection of, and influenced by, educational reform and social change, as this paper shows in describing the history of moral education in Taiwan. From 1949 to the 1980s, Taiwan's moral education consisted of ideological, nationalistic, political education and the teaching of a strict code of conduct. (...)
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  43.  22
    Deyu as Moral Education in Modern China: Ideological Functions and Transformations.Li Ping, Zhong Minghua, Lin Bin & Zhang Hongjuan - 2004 - Journal of Moral Education 33 (4):449-464.
    During its evolution Chinese moral education has developed pronounced ideological aspects. This stems from traditions of first equating politics with morality, phrasing them both in the same language, and then of encouraging correct moral and political relations and behaviours through education. This trend dates back three thousand years to Zhou Gong and continued through Confucius and his followers. From 1949, through the Cultural Revolution and the present transition to a market economy, a similarly unified approach to political, ideological (...)
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  44.  16
    Changing Ideological-Political Orientations in Chinese Moral Education: Some Personal and Professional Reflections.Li Maosen - 2011 - Journal of Moral Education 40 (3):387-395.
    Moral education in the People?s Republic of China is dominated by ideological-political orientations. However, in the last 30 years China has experienced extensive economic reform, bringing about many social changes, such as decreasing reliance on the state-owned workplace, increasing private property ownership and enhancement of the rule of law. Such changes have inevitably influenced personal, societal and ideological values, and consequently had an impact on individual moral beliefs and behaviour. In this paper I analyse the decline of (...)
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  45.  23
    Teachers' Beliefs, Antiracism and Moral Education: Problems of Intersection.Dwight Boyd & Mary Louise Arnold - 2000 - Journal of Moral Education 29 (1):23-45.
    In this paper we explore potential problems of intersection between teachers' beliefs about the aims of education, a conceptual requirement of antiracism education and moral education. Our objective is to show how the reform of moral education to better accommodate antiracism concerns may depend on paying more attention to how teachers understand this intersection. Based on our analyses of teaching experiences and an exploratory, qualitative study of 20 recently certified teachers, we identify a framework for differentiating three (...)
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  46.  10
    Global Taxation, Global Reform, and Collective Action.Shmuel Nili - 2014 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 1 (1):83-103.
    This article asks how global tax reform relates to other emerging proposals for global economic reform. Specifically, I will try to contribute to the philosophical understanding of this relationship, by comparing global tax reform with a reform seeking to end dictators’ trading privileges in their peoples’ natural resources. Through this comparison, I intend to establish two main claims. At a concrete, practical level, I hope to show that reform of dictators’ resource privilege will be easier (...)
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  47.  13
    The Moral Education Curriculum for Junior High Schools in 21st Century China.Zhan Wansheng * & Ning Wujie - 2004 - Journal of Moral Education 33 (4):511-532.
    Taking the increasing implementation and practice of ?quality?oriented education? as the background to the current reform, the paper outlines moral education in the Chinese junior high school over the last 25 years. It offers a brief review of a few theoretical and empirical research projects which have had some influence on the 2003 reform of the course of Ideology and Morality. It describes: three basic principles behind this new curriculum, focusing on the developing lives of students; curriculum (...)
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  48.  3
    Changes and Challenges for Moral Education in Taiwan.Angela Lee - 2004 - Journal of Moral Education 33 (4):575-595.
    Taiwan has gradually transformed from an authoritarian to a democratic society. The education system is moving from uniformity to diversity, from authoritarian centralization to deregulation and pluralism. Moral education is a reflection of, and influenced by, educational reform and social change, as this paper shows in describing the history of moral education in Taiwan. From 1949 to the 1980s, Taiwan's moral education consisted of ideological, nationalistic, political education and the teaching of a strict code of conduct. (...)
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  49.  31
    Vygotsky From ZPD to ZCD in Moral Education: Reshaping Western Theory and Practices in Local Context.Vishalache Balakrishnan & Lise Bird Claiborne - 2012 - Journal of Moral Education 41 (2):225-243.
    This article explores Vygotsky?s concept of the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) in the Malaysian context to support local reform of the Moral Education (ME) classroom. Small groups of students in three different types of school were involved in a participant action research (PAR) project. Such classrooms in Malaysia bring together students from various ethnicities aligned with Hindu, Confucian and Christian beliefs and understandings. Using the Malaysian multicultural ME classroom as a case study, we offer some examples of (...)
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  50.  27
    New Directions in the Moral Education Curriculum in Chinese Primary Schools.Lu Jie & Gao Desheng * - 2004 - Journal of Moral Education 33 (4):495-510.
    An analysis is presented of the problems that have existed for over 20 years in the moral education curriculum in primary schools of China. These include the separation of moral education from children's lives, the moralizing and memorization used as the basic methods of teaching and learning, and the overlaps between courses on society and ideological moral character. The paper then introduces the main innovations in the contemporary reform of the primary moral education curriculum, including (...)
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