Results for 'public goods'

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  1.  3
    Knowledge Matters: Institutional.Global Public Goods - 2012 - In Eric Brousseau, Tom Dedeurwaerdere & Bernd Siebenhüner (eds.), Reflexive Governance for Global Public Goods. MIT Press.
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  2. Public Health and Public Goods.Jonny Anomaly - 2011 - Public Health Ethics 4 (3):251-259.
    It has become increasingly difficult to distinguish public health from tangentially related fields like social work. I argue that we should reclaim the more traditional conception of public health as the provision of health-related public goods. The public goods account has the advantage of establishing a relatively clear and distinctive mission for public health. It also allows a consensus of people with different comprehensive moral and political commitments to endorse public health measures, (...)
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  3.  83
    Public Goods and Education.Jonny Anomaly - 2018 - In Andrew I. Cohen (ed.), Philosophy and Public Policy. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
  4.  31
    Revising Global Theories of Justice to Include Public Goods.Heather Widdows & Peter G. N. West-Oram - 2013 - Journal of Global Ethics 9 (2):227 - 243.
    Our aim in this paper is to suggest that most current theories of global justice fail to adequately recognise the importance of global public goods. Broadly speaking, this failing can be attributed at least in part to the complexity of the global context, the individualistic focus of most theories of justice, and the localised nature of the theoretical foundations of most theories of global justice. We argue ? using examples (particularly that of protecting antibiotic efficacy) ? that any (...)
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  5.  39
    A Threshold for Biological Altruism in Public Goods Games Played in Groups Including Kin.Hannes Rusch - 2014 - MAGKS Discussion Paper Series in Economics.
    Phenomena like meat sharing in hunter-gatherers, altruistic self-sacrifice in intergroup conflicts, and contribution to the production of public goods in laboratory experiments have led to the development of numerous theories trying to explain human prosocial preferences and behavior. Many of these focus on direct and indirect reciprocity, assortment, or (cultural) group selection. Here, I investigate analytically how genetic relatedness changes the incentive structure of that paradigmatic game which is conventionally used to model and experimentally investigate collective action problems: (...)
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  6. Public Goods and Government Action.Jonny Anomaly - 2015 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 14 (2):109-128.
  7.  14
    Genomic Databases as Global Public Goods?Ruth Chadwick & Sarah Wilson - 2004 - Res Publica 10 (2):123-134.
    Recent discussions of genomics and international justice have adopted the concept of ‘global public goods’ to support both the view of genomics as a benefit and the sharing of genomics knowledge across nations. Such discussion relies on a particular interpretation of the global public goods argument, facilitated by the ambiguity of the concept itself. Our aim in this article is to demonstrate this by a close examination of the concept of global public goods with (...)
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  8.  15
    Ancestral Kinship Patterns Substantially Reduce the Negative Effect of Increasing Group Size on Incentives for Public Goods Provision.Hannes Rusch - 2015 - University of Cologne, Working Paper Series in Economics 82.
    Phenomena like meat sharing in hunter-gatherers, self-sacrifice in intergroup conflicts, and voluntary contribution to public goods provision in laboratory experiments have led to the development of numerous theories on the evolution of altruistic in-group beneficial behavior in humans. Many of these theories abstract away from the effects of kinship on the incentives for public goods provision, though. Here, it is investigated analytically how genetic relatedness changes the incentive structure of that paradigmatic game which is conventionally used (...)
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  9.  12
    Public Goods Games in Japan.Keiko Ishii & Robert Kurzban - 2008 - Human Nature 19 (2):138-156.
    Social dilemmas, in which individually selfish behavior leads to collectively deficient outcomes, continue to be an important topic of research because of their ubiquity. The present research with Japanese participants replicates, with slight modifications, public goods games previously run in the United States. In contrast to recent work showing profound cross-cultural differences, the results of two studies reported here show remarkable cross-cultural similarities. Specifically, results suggest that (1) as in the U.S., allowing incremental commitment to a public (...)
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  10.  15
    Public Goods and the Paying Public.Edmund F. Byrne - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (2):117 - 123.
    This paper proposes a way to undercut anarchist objections to taxation without endorsing an authoritarian justification of government coercion. The argument involves public goods, as understood by economists and others. But I do not analyse options of autonomous prisoners and the like; for, however useful otherwise, these abstractions underestimate the real-world task of sorting out the prerogatives of and limits on ownership. Proceeding more contextually, I come to recommend a shareholder addendum to the doctrine of public (...). This recommendation involves modifying the public goods argument for government coercion to include a contributor-specific compensation provisio, thinking of contributors as investors, and including among the latter those whose investment is in the form not of a market transaction strictly speaking but of sacrifice. To reach this recommendation I constrain the market liberal''s limited endorsement of taxation by drawing on the (idealized) postcommunist privatizer''s continuing commitment to populism. (shrink)
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  11.  2
    Pragmatism, Critical Theory and Postmodernism, Paul Fairfield. London: Continuum, 2011, 263 Pp.,£ 65.00. The Process of Buddhist–Christian Dialogue, Paul O. Ingram. Cambridge: James Clarke & Co, 2011, Xi+ 149 Pp., Pb. $36.00,£ 18.00. Why Resurrection? An Introduction Into the Belief in the Afterlife in Judaism. [REVIEW]Why Democracy Needs Public Goods - 2012 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 55 (1):102-103.
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  12. Appearance in This List Neither Guarantees nor Precludes a Future Review of the Book. Albertazzi, Linda (Ed.), The Dawn of Cognitive Science: Early European Contributors, Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers,, Pp.,£.. [REVIEW]Public Goods, An Anthology & Hume Berkeley - 2001 - Mind 110:439.
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  13. Public Goods and Procreation.Jonny Anomaly - 2014 - Monash Bioethics Review 32:172-188.
  14.  22
    Prisoner's Dilemma and Public Goods Games in Different Geometries: Compulsory Versus Voluntary Interactions.Christoph Hauert & György Szabó - 2003 - Complexity 8 (4):31-38.
  15.  40
    Cooperative Provision of Indivisible Public Goods.Pierre Dehez - 2013 - Theory and Decision 74 (1):13-29.
  16.  18
    The Repeated Public Goods Game: A Solution Using Tit-for-Tat and the Lindahl Point.Mark Irving Lichbach - 1992 - Theory and Decision 32 (2):133-146.
  17.  11
    Public Goods.Garrett Cullity - 2001 - In Lawrence C. Becker Charlotte B. Becker (ed.), Encyclopedia of Ethics, Vol. III. New York: Routledge. pp. 1413-16.
  18.  13
    Reflexive Governance for Global Public Goods.Eric Brousseau, Tom Dedeurwaerdere & Bernd Siebenhüner (eds.) - 2012 - MIT Press.
    This book considers traditional public economy theory of public goods provision as oversimplified, because it is state centered and fiscally focused.
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  19.  7
    A Global Public Goods Approach to the Health of Migrants.Heather Widdows & Herjeet Marway - 2015 - Public Health Ethics 8 (2):121-129.
    This paper explores a global public goods approach to the health of migrants. It suggests that this approach establishes that there are a number of health goods which must be provided to migrants not because these are theirs by right, but because these goods are primary goods which fit the threefold criteria of global public goods. There are two key advantages to this approach: first, it is non-confrontational and non-oppositional, and second, it provides (...)
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  20.  1
    Solidarity and Health: A Public Goods Justification.Patricia Illingworth & Wendy E. Parmet - 2015 - Diametros 43:65-71.
    This comment on Professor ter Meulen's paper, "Solidarity and Justice in Health Care," offers additional perspectives on solidarity's importance for health. Noting the findings of social epidemiology, the paper explains that health has important public good dimensions. It is both non-rivlalrous because one person's health does not diminish another's, and it is largely determined by non-excludable access goods, including social networks, social determinants, and public health efforts. The public good dimension of health underscores the mutual dependence (...)
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  21.  34
    The Experimetrics of Public Goods: Inferring Motivations From Contributions. [REVIEW]Nicholas Bardsley & Peter G. Moffatt - 2007 - Theory and Decision 62 (2):161-193.
    In public goods experiments, stochastic choice, censoring and motivational heterogeneity give scope for disagreement over the extent of unselfishness, and whether it is reciprocal or altruistic. We show that these problems can be addressed econometrically, by estimating a finite mixture model to isolate types, incorporating double censoring and a tremble term. Most subjects act selfishly, but a substantial proportion are reciprocal with altruism playing only a marginal role. Isolating reciprocators enables a test of Sugden’s model of voluntary contributions. (...)
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  22. Why Democracy Needs Public Goods.Angela Kallhoff - 2011 - Lexington Books.
    Why Democracy Needs Public Goods provides arguments for a new theoretical perspective in favor of public goods. Kallhoff details the benefits of public goods for any democratic state: they contribute to social inclusion, help generate the public forum, and foster national identity. These arguments are supplemented by reconsidering major counter-arguments against this approach, both from political theory and from theories on public finance. Political philosophers, political theorists, and political economists will benefit most (...)
     
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  23.  13
    Whose Ethos for Public Goods in the Global Economy?Georges Enderle - 2000 - Business Ethics Quarterly 10 (1):131-144.
    The discussion of the global economy and worldwide expansion of the capitalist and market economic system barely deals with the topic of public goods, although they are of paramount importance precisely in this international setting. Fortunately, the theory of public economics systematically developed the central concept of the public good with its far-reaching implications so that this knowledge can be applied also to global issues. In order to treat these often vaguely discussed issues, a typology of (...)
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  24.  93
    Public Goods and Fairness.Garrett Cullity - 2008 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (1):1 – 21.
    To what extent can we as a community legitimately require individuals to contribute to producing public goods? Most of us think that, at least sometimes, refusing to pay for a public good that you have enjoyed can involve a kind of 'free riding' that makes it wrong. But what is less clear is under exactly which circumstances this is wrong. To work out the answer to that, we need to know why it is wrong. I argue that (...)
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  25.  42
    The Endangered Species Act, Regulatory Takings, and Public Goods.N. Scott Arnold - 2009 - Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (2):353-377.
    The Endangered Species Act can impose significant limitations on what landowners may do with their property, especially as it pertains to development. These restrictions imposed by the ESA are part of a larger controversy about the reach of the “Takings Clause” of the Fifth Amendment, which says that private property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation. The question this paper addresses is whether these restrictions require compensation. The paper develops a position on the general question (...)
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  26.  14
    Markets for Public Goods?Hal R. Varian - 1993 - Critical Review 7 (4):539-557.
    There is a presumption in some circles that the identification of an externality or a public good presents a prima facie case for government intervention. Tyler Cowen has assembled a group of articles that challenge this view by arguing that the market, broadly construed, can handle many problems of public goods and externalities that are normally considered the province of the state. Although these articles present a stimulating perspective on problems of externalities and public goods, (...)
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  27.  47
    The Public Goods Rationale for Government and the Circularity Problem.Tyler Cowen & Gregory Kavka - 2003 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 2 (2):265-277.
    George Mason University, USA It has been suggested that the production of public goods through a government involves a circularity problem. Since government itself is a public good, how can we use government to produce other public goods? Several solutions to this supposed circularity are offered. Government is a unique kind of public good with some potentially self-generating and self-supporting features. The public goods theory of government remains intact, and this enterprise helps (...)
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  28.  33
    The Private Production of Public Goods, Once Again.Harold Demsetz - 1993 - Critical Review 7 (4):559-566.
    Anthony de Jasay attempts to demonstrate that public goods can be supplied privately without loss of efficiency, since there may be enough people willing to finance public?goods production voluntarily, even at the risk of subsidizing free riders, rather than risk that public goods will not be produced at all. Jasay's argument rests on the implausible assumption that the goods in question are completely indivisible. This assumption forces persons interested in having a given (...) good either to finance it or do without it entirely; they do not have the option of financing smaller quantities or poorer qualities of the good. (shrink)
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  29.  12
    Global Public Goods: The Participatory Governance Challenges.Eric Brousseau & Tom Dedeurwaerdere - 2012 - In Eric Brousseau, Tom Dedeurwaerdere & Bernd Siebenhüner (eds.), Reflexive Governance for Global Public Goods. MIT Press. pp. 21.
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  30.  39
    The Voluntary Provision of Public Goods.Leon Felkins - manuscript
    Some people voluntarily provide public goods while others take a free ride. Are the providers acting rationally? Should they instead follow the example of the free-rider? What are the rational and moral justifications for voluntary provision? This dissertation examines five ways to justify voluntary provision: rational prudence, social norms, group agency, fairness, and altruism. It suggests that altruism provides the best possible defense. Considerations of fairness may also provide a justification in some circumstances, but generally this argument is (...)
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  31. Markets for Public Goods?Hal Varian - 1993 - Ethic@ 7 (4):539-557.
    There is a presumption in some circles that the identification of an externality or a public good presents a prima facie case for government intervention. Tyler Cowen has assembled a group of articles that challenge this view by arguing that the market, broadly construed, can handle many problems of public goods and externalities that are normally considered the province of the state. Although these articles present a stimulating perspective on problems of externalities and public goods, (...)
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  32. Some Themes in David Schmidtz, the Limits of Government: An Essay on the Public Goods Argument (Westview Press: 1991).William Boardman - unknown
    The Scylla and Charybdis of institutions of cooperative enterprises are the potential for free riders, on the one hand, and the fact that some people may not value certain public goods. If we go to the one side, we encourage people who do value the public goods but whom cannot be excluded from enjoying them, to refuse to pay their share of the costs of providing them; if we go to the other side and force everyone (...)
     
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  33.  22
    Public Goods Without the State.David Miller - 1993 - Critical Review 7 (4):505-523.
    The provision of public goods is generally assumed to require compulsion by the state. Individuals may want them, but they have no incentive to contribute voluntarily to their production. David Schmidtz proposes ?assurance contracts? as a way around the problem of ?wasted? contributions. However, such contracts do not eliminate the incentive to free ride on public goods. Empirical evidence suggests that enforced contributions may be a more effective way of combatting this problem than assurance contracts. More (...)
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  34.  20
    The Moral Climates of International Economic Institutions and Access to Public Goods and Services in Nigeria.Maksymilian T. Madelr & Oche Onazi - manuscript
    The first part of this paper provides a general theory of moral climates, which incorporates the following three elements: first, the values and limitations of that picture of moral behaviour focused on rules, rule-following and rationality; second, that picture of moral behaviour focused on institutionally-embedded activity; and third, that picture of moral behaviour that urges us to come face to face with our own limitations, i.e., our own ways of orienting ourselves to objects of value, such that we do not (...)
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  35.  4
    Rethinking Public Goods and Global Public.Inge Kaul - 2012 - In Eric Brousseau, Tom Dedeurwaerdere & Bernd Siebenhüner (eds.), Reflexive Governance for Global Public Goods. MIT Press. pp. 37.
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  36. The Theory of Externalities, Public Goods, and Club Goods.Richard Cornes & Todd Sandler - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book presents a theoretical treatment of externalities, public goods, and club goods. The new edition updates and expands the discussion of externalities and their implications, coverage of asymmetric information, underlying game-theoretic formulations, and intuitive and graphical presentations. Aimed at well-prepared undergraduates and graduate students making a serious foray into this branch of economics, the analysis should also interest professional economists wishing to survey recent advances in the field. No other single source for the range of materials (...)
     
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  37. The Private Production of Public Goods, Once Again.Harold Demsetz - 1993 - Ethic@ 7 (4):559-566.
    Anthony de Jasay attempts to demonstrate that public goods can be supplied privately without loss of efficiency, since there may be enough people willing to finance publicgoods production voluntarily, even at the risk of subsidizing free riders, rather than risk that public goods will not be produced at all. Jasay's argument rests on the implausible assumption that the goods in question are completely indivisible. This assumption forces persons interested in having a given (...) good either to finance it or do without it entirely; they do not have the option of financing smaller quantities or poorer qualities of the good. (shrink)
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  38. Public Goods Without the State.David Miller - 1993 - Ethic@ 7 (4):505-523.
    The provision of public goods is generally assumed to require compulsion by the state. Individuals may want them, but they have no incentive to contribute voluntarily to their production. David Schmidtz proposes “assurance contracts” as a way around the problem of “wasted” contributions. However, such contracts do not eliminate the incentive to free ride on public goods. Empirical evidence suggests that enforced contributions may be a more effective way of combatting this problem than assurance contracts. More (...)
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  39. The Moral Weight of Ecology: Public Goods, Cooperative Duties, and Environmental Politics.Edward F. Tverdek - 2015 - Lexington Books.
    The Moral Weight of Ecology: Public Goods, Cooperative Duties, and Environmental Politics is a meticulous examination of the beliefs held by environmentalists and anti-environmentalists alike. It is unique in the “environmental philosophy” genre insofar as it defends positions beholden to neither the mainstream or radical environmental movement nor their libertarian and “free-market” policy counterparts.
     
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  40.  67
    The Public Interest, Public Goods, and Third-Party Access to UK Biobank.B. Capps - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (3):240-251.
    In 2007, the Ethics and Governance Council of the UK Biobank commissioned a Report on ‘Concepts of Public Good and Pubic Interest in Access Policies’. This study considered the Biobank’s role as a ‘public good’ in respect to supporting and promoting health throughout society. However, the conditions under which access by third parties to UK Biobank are justified in the public interest have not been well considered. In this article, I propose to analyse the conditions that should (...)
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  41.  54
    Paleolithic Public Goods Games: Why Human Culture and Cooperation Did Not Evolve in One Step.Benoît Dubreuil - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (1):53-73.
    It is widely agreed that humans have specific abilities for cooperation and culture that evolved since their split with their last common ancestor with chimpanzees. Many uncertainties remain, however, about the exact moment in the human lineage when these abilities evolved. This article argues that cooperation and culture did not evolve in one step in the human lineage and that the capacity to stick to long-term and risky cooperative arrangements evolved before properly modern culture. I present evidence that Homo heidelbergensis (...)
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  42.  34
    Children as Public Goods?Serena Olsaretti - 2013 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 41 (3):226-258.
  43.  14
    Can We Own the Past? Cultural Artifacts as Public Goods.Peter Lindsay - 2012 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 15 (1):1-17.
    This paper examines a concrete political controversy in order to shed light on a broad philosophical issue. The controversy is with regard to who owns cultural antiquities ? the nations (often in the developing world) on whose soil they originated, or the museums of developed nations that have, through a variety of means, come into possession of them. Despite their opposing views, both sides accept the claim that ownership can be derived from prior facts about cultural identity. Moreover, when their (...)
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  44.  18
    Population Policy and Public Goods.Frank Miller & Rolf Sartorius - 1979 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 8 (2):148-174.
  45.  18
    Moral Rules as Public Goods.F. McClennen Edward - 1999 - Business Ethics Quarterly 9 (1):103-126.
    The kind of commitment to moral rules that characterizes effective interaction between persons in, among others places,manufacturing and commercial settings is characteristically treated by economists and game theorists as a public good, the securing ofwhich requires the expenditure of scarce resources on surveillance and enforcement mechanisms. Alternatively put, the view is that,characteristically, rational persons cannot voluntarily guide their choices by rules, but can only be goaded into acting in accordancewith such rules by the fear of social and formal sanctions. (...)
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  46. Review of Scott Barrett, Why Cooperate? The Incentive to Supply Global Public Goods[REVIEW]Jonny Anomaly - 2009 - Journal of Social Economics 36 (11).
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  47.  10
    Public Goods, Private Goods.Raymond Geuss - 2001 - Princeton University Press.
    "--Daniel Brudney, University of Chicago "The fund of information Geuss brings into his discussion of the ancients, and the verve and charm with which it is all presented, make the central chapters of this book particularly engaging.
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  48.  19
    God's Punishment and Public Goods.Dominic D. P. Johnson - 2005 - Human Nature 16 (4):410-446.
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  49. Wresting Land From the Sea: An Argument Against Public Goods Theory.Philipp Bagus - 2006 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 20 (4):21-40.
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  50. Pareto Optimality, External Benefits and Public Goods: A Subjectivist Approach.Barry P. Brownstein - 1980 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 4 (1):93-106.
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