Results for ' social evolution'

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  1.  16
    Human Social Evolution: Self-Domestication or Self-Control?Dor Shilton, Mati Breski, Daniel Dor & Eva Jablonka - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11:505032.
    The self-domestication hypothesis suggests that, like mammalian domesticates, humans have gone through a process of selection against aggression – a process that in the case of humans was self-induced. Here, we extend previous proposals and suggest that what underlies human social evolution is selection for socially mediated emotional control and plasticity. In the first part of the paper we highlight general features of human social evolution, which, we argue, is more similar to that of other (...) mammals than to that of mammalian domesticates and is therefore incompatible with the notion of human self-domestication. In the second part, we discuss the unique aspects of human evolution and propose that emotional control and social motivation in humans evolved during two major, partially overlapping stages. The first stage, which followed the emergence of mimetic communication, the beginnings of musical engagement, and mimesis-related cognition, required socially mediated emotional plasticity and was accompanied by new social emotions. The second stage followed the emergence of language, when individuals began to instruct the imagination of their interlocutors, and to rely even more extensively on emotional plasticity and culturally learned emotional control. This account further illustrates the significant differences between humans and domesticates, thus challenging the notion of human self-domestication. (shrink)
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  2. The Philosophy of Social Evolution.Jonathan Birch - 2017 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    From mitochondria to meerkats, the natural world is full of spectacular examples of social behaviour. In the early 1960s W. D. Hamilton changed the way we think about how such behaviour evolves. He introduced three key innovations - now known as Hamilton's rule, kin selection, and inclusive fitness - and his pioneering work kick-started a research program now known as social evolution theory. This is a book about the philosophical foundations and future prospects of that program. [Note: (...)
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  3. Social Evolution and the Two Elements of Causation.Tuomas K. Pernu & Heikki Helanterä - 2019 - Oikos 128:905-911.
    The kin selection theory has recently been criticised on the basis of claiming that genetic relatedness does not play a causal role in the social evolution among individuals of insect societies. We outline here a line of criticism of this view by demonstrating two things. First, there are strong conceptual, theoretical and empirical reasons to think that close genetic relatedness has been necessary for the rise of the helper castes of social insects. And second, once we understand (...)
     
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  4.  12
    Social Evolution in Jürgen Habermas: Towards a Weak Anthropological Naturalism between Kant and Darwin.Ricardo Mejía Fernández & Javier Romero - 2022 - Theoria 88 (3):607-628.
    Issues concerning naturalism have increasingly become the subject of philosophical reflections involving ontological, epistemological, and even ethics affairs. The most popular topic for contemporary philosophy has been the relationship between ontological results of Darwinism and epistemology. Despite the varied circumstances of its establishment, naturalism almost always produces recommendations that reflect a worldview much “weaker” (as in the case of Habermas) than the strong one more common among scientism. There are good structural reasons for this difference. The aim of this paper (...)
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  5.  9
    The social evolution of somatic fusion.Duur K. Aanen, Alfons Jm Debets, Jagm de Visser & Rolf F. Hoekstra - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (11-12):1193-1203.
    The widespread potential for somatic fusion among different conspecific multicellular individuals suggests that such fusion is adaptive. However, because recognition of non‐kin (allorecognition) usually leads to a rejection response, successful somatic fusion is limited to close kin. This is consistent with kin‐selection theory, which predicts that the potential cost of fusion and the potential for somatic parasitism decrease with increasing relatedness. Paradoxically, however, Crozier1 found that, in the short term, positive‐frequency‐dependent selection eliminates the required genetic polymorphism at allorecognition loci. The (...)
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  6.  22
    Human Social Evolution: A Comparison of Hunter-gatherer and Chimpanzee Social Organization.Robert Layton & Sean O'Hara - 2010 - In Layton Robert & O'Hara Sean (eds.), Social Brain, Distributed Mind. pp. 83.
    This chapter compares the social behaviour of human hunter-gatherers with that of the better-studied chimpanzee species, Pan troglodytes, in an attempt to pinpoint the unique features of human social evolution. Although hunter-gatherers and chimpanzees living in central Africa have similar body weights, humans live at much lower population densities due to their greater dependence on predation. Human foraging parties have longer duration than those of chimpanzees, lasting hours rather than minutes, and a higher level of mutual dependence, (...)
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  7.  5
    Social Evolution: Paradigms and problems.Robert Artigiani - 1993 - World Futures 38 (1):1-16.
    (1993). Social Evolution: Paradigms and problems. World Futures: Vol. 38, Theoretical Achievements and Practical Applications of General Evolutionary Theory, pp. 1-16.
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  8.  8
    Social Evolution.Benjamin Kidd - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    In 1894, the British sociologist Benjamin Kidd published Social Evolution, an influential book that summarised and evaluated the prevailing social theories at the end of the nineteenth century: Karl Marx's socialism and Herbert Spencer's social Darwinism. Both of these conflicting theories were based on Darwinian evolutionary theory. In this book, Kidd discusses the immense changes that applied science has brought to the world and the interconnectedness of everyone. The book's ten chapters include discussions of the conditions (...)
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  9.  10
    Social evolution and strategic thinking.Johannes Martens - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (5):697-715.
    Thinking about organisms as if they were rational agents which could choose their own phenotypic traits according to their fitness values is a common heuristic in the field of evolutionary theory. In a 1998 paper, however, Elliott Sober has emphasized several alleged shortcomings of this kind of analogical reasoning when applied to the analysis of social behaviors. According to him, the main flaw of this heuristic is that it proves to be a misleading tool when it is used for (...)
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  10. Against Social Evolution: Deleuze and Guattari's Social Topology.Daniel W. Smith - 2019 - In Michael James Bennett & Tano S. Posteraro (eds.), Deleuze and Evolutionary Theory. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. pp. 141-158.
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  11. Social evolution.Gerald Gaus & John Thrasher - 2012 - In Gerald F. Gaus & Fred D'Agostino (eds.), Routledge Companion to Social and Political Philosophy. London: Routledge. pp. 643-655.
    It is a matter of dispute how far back evolutionary explanations of social order should be traced. Evolutionary ideas certainly appear in the work of the ancient Greek philosophers, but it seems reasonable to identify the origins of modern evolutionary thinking in the eighteenth-century natural histories of civil society such as Rousseau’s Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality Among Men (1750: Pt III), Adam Ferguson’s An Essay on the History of Civil Society (1767), and Adam Smith’s Wealth (...)
     
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  12. The social evolution of religion.Adam Green - 2022 - In Mark A. Lamport (ed.), The Rowman & Littlefield Handbook of Philosophy and Religion. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
  13.  34
    A developmental logic: Habermas's theory of social evolution.Keunchang Oh - 2024 - Theoria 90 (1):81-97.
    In the paper, I first consider how his theory of social norms is connected to his theory of social evolution by examining the importance of learning in his theory of both social norms and social evolution. Then I turn to David Owen and Amy Allen's critiques of Jürgen Habermas. My aim is to develop their critique of Habermas by elucidating an important but neglected distinction between the developmental logic and the developmental dynamics in Habermas's (...)
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  14.  10
    The Social Evolution of Human Nature: From Biology to Language.Harry Smit - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book sheds new light on the problem of how the human mind evolved. Harry Smit argues that current studies of this problem misguidedly try to solve it by using variants of the Cartesian conception of the mind, and shows that combining the Aristotelian conception with Darwin's theory provides us with far more interesting answers. He discusses the core problem of how we can understand language evolution in terms of inclusive fitness theory, and investigates how scientific and conceptual insights (...)
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  15. Social Evolution.Benjamin Kidd - 1894 - Mind 3 (12):551-556.
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  16. Social Evolution.Benjamin Kidd - 1893 - The Monist 4:628.
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  17. Social Evolution.Benjamin Kidd - 1894 - International Journal of Ethics 5 (1):107-120.
     
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  18.  8
    The Social Evolution of Human Nature: From Biology to Language. [REVIEW]Ryan M. Nefdt - 2019 - Philosophical Quarterly 69 (277):874-877.
    The Social Evolution of Human Nature: From Biology to Language. By Smit Harry.
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  19. Social Evolution.D. G. Ritchie - 1896 - Philosophical Review 5:203.
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  20.  5
    Social Evolution.David G. Ritchie - 1896 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (2):165-181.
  21.  5
    Social Evolution.David G. Ritchie - 1895 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (2):165.
  22.  2
    Social Evolution.Benjamin Kidd.D. G. Ritchie - 1894 - International Journal of Ethics 5 (1):107-120.
  23.  5
    Social evolution and the individual-as-maximising-agent analogy.Cédric Paternotte - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 79:101225.
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  24. The environment of social evolution.John C. Barrett - 2015 - In Kristian Kristiansen, Ladislav Šmejda, Jan Turek & Evžen Neustupný (eds.), Paradigm found: archaeological theory present, past and future: essays in honour of Evžen Neustupný. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
     
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  25. Social Evolution. Paru en 1892 : nous en avons rendu compte en son temps.Benjamin Kidd - 1920 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 27 (4):6-6.
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  26.  6
    Social evolution: Learning theory applied to group action.Karl-Dieter Opp - 1979 - Theory and Decision 10 (1-4):229-243.
  27.  4
    Social evolution.David G. Ritchie - 1896 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (2):165-181.
  28. Social evolution in primates: the role of ecological factors and male behaviour.Carel P. van Schaik - 1996 - In van Schaik Carel P. (ed.), Evolution of Social Behaviour Patterns in Primates and Man. pp. 9-31.
  29.  5
    Social evolution.H. J. Fleure - 1951 - The Eugenics Review 43 (2):99.
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  30. Food, social evolution, and conquest.D. Laibman - 2003 - Science and Society 67 (2):127-135.
     
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  31. Social evolution of early dharma..Sunder Samuel Joshi - 1938 - [Chicago]: University of Chicago Press.
  32. Social evolution of early dharma.Sunder Samuel Joshi - 1938 - [Chicago]:
  33. The social evolution of consciousness.Jay Earley - 2002 - Journal of Humanistic Psychology 42 (1):107-132.
     
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  34.  9
    Social Evolution Through the Ethical Law.Emilia Digby - 1895 - The Monist 6 (1):135-138.
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  35.  3
    Social evolution and the planetary crisis.Jay Earley - 1999 - World Futures 54 (3):231-258.
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  36.  10
    Social Evolution, Science, and Ethics.Wayne R. Gruner - 1976 - Zygon 11 (3):210-211.
  37.  6
    Aromorphoses in Biological and Social Evolution: Some General Rules for Biological and Social Forms of Macroevolution.Leonid Grinin, Alexander Markov, Markov & Andrey Korotayev - 2009 - Social Evolution and History 8 (2).
    The comparison between biological and social macroevolution is a very important (though insufficiently studied) subject whose analysis renders new significant possibilities to comprehend the processes, trends, mechanisms, and peculiarities of each of the two types of macroevolution. Of course, there are a few rather important (and very understandable) differences between them; however, it appears possible to identify a number of fundamental similarities. One may single out at least three fundamental sets of factors determining those similarities. First of all, those (...)
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  38.  5
    Are Humans Too Generous and Too Punitive? Using Psychological Principles to Further Debates about Human Social Evolution.Max M. Krasnow & Andrew W. Delton - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7:181146.
    Are humans too generous and too punitive? Many researchers have concluded that classic theories of social evolution (e.g., direct reciprocity, reputation) are not sufficient to explain human cooperation; instead, group selection theories are needed. We think such a move is premature. The leap to these models has been made by moving directly from thinking about selection pressures to predicting patterns of behavior and ignoring the intervening layer of evolved psychology that must mediate this connection. In real world environments, (...)
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  39.  9
    The Hamiltonian view of social evolution.J. Arvid Ågren - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 68:88-93.
    Hamilton’s Rule, named after the evolutionary biologist Bill Hamilton, and the related concepts of inclusive fitness and kin selection, have been the bedrock of the study of social evolution for the past half century. In ’The Philosophy of Social Evolution’, Jonathan Birch provides a comprehensive introduction to the conceptual foundations of the Hamiltonian view of social evolution, and a passionate defence of its enduring value in face of the recent high profile criticism. In this (...)
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  40.  6
    Christian Ethics in the Context of Social Evolution.Cheng-Chih Tsai - 2022 - Theology and Science 20 (2):179-192.
    In this paper, we claim that Jesus’ command “Love your enemies” is compatible with the fact that (1) for a group of Cooperators and Defectors repeatedly playing the Prisoner’s Dilemma game with each other, Defection will be the dominant strategy, and (2) the Tit-For-Tat strategy, a variant of the Eye-For-Eye principle that Jesus refuted in his Sermon on the Mount, had won Robert Axelrod’s tournaments of Iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma game in the 1980s. By incorporating relevant biblical commands into an informed (...)
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  41.  11
    The Axial Age, social evolution, and postsecular consciousness.Eduardo Mendieta - 2018 - Critical Research on Religion 6 (3):289-308.
    This article focuses on Karl Jaspers’s notion of the Axial Age, some of its critical appropriation, and how in particular Habermas has returned to this idea, after several critical engagements with Jaspers’s work through his long scholarly productivity. The article, however, centers on Habermas’s selective and critical use of Jaspers’s notion in his own latest and extensive engagement with what he calls “a genealogy of postmetaphysical thinking.” The goal of the article is to identify the ways in which Habermas is (...)
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  42.  15
    Cognitive Control: Social Evolution and Emotional Regulation.Matt J. Rossano - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):238-241.
    This commentary argues that theories of cognitive control risk being incomplete unless they incorporate social/emotional factors. Social factors very likely played a critical role in the evolution of human cognitive control abilities, and emotional states are the primary regulatory mechanisms of cognitive control.
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  43.  8
    Social Evolution[REVIEW]W. F. Willcox - 1895 - Philosophical Review 4 (1):82-85.
  44.  6
    Transitions and Social Evolution.Eörs Szathmáry - 2012 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 4 (20130604).
    This is a lovely and very useful book. It deals with the emergence of higher and higher level units of evolution, especially regarding what Queller (1997) called “fraternal major transitions.” These are evolutionary transitions where the lower-level units that gang up are genetically alike and, therefore, the initial advantage is likely to come from the economy of scale rather than the complementation of function, as in the case of “egalitarian transitions.” Simple division of labor may arise from simple conditions (...)
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  45.  9
    The Factors of Social Evolution.Theodore de Laguna - 1928 - Philosophical Review 37 (6):607-611.
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  46.  8
    Alternatives of social evolution.Dmitri M. Bondarenko, Leonid E. Grinin & Andrey V. Korotayev - 2004 - In Leonid Grinin, Robert Carneiro, Dmitri Bondarenko, Nikolay Kradin & Andrey Korotayev (eds.), The Early State, Its Alternatives and Analogues. ‘Uchitel’ Publishing House. pp. 3--27.
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  47. Emergence in social evolution: A great ape example.Barbara Smuts - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.), The re-emergence of emergence: the emergentist hypothesis from science to religion. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 166.
     
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  48.  5
    "natural History" And Social Evolution: Reflections On Vico's Corsi E Ricorsi.Fred Dallmayr - 1976 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 43.
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  49.  1
    On the Queerness of Social Evolution.Edward Wilson - 1973 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 40.
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  50.  4
    Animal communication and social evolution.Michael Philips & S. N. Austad - 1996 - In Dale Jamieson & Marc Bekoff (eds.), Readings in Animal Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 257--267.
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