Results for ' social institution'

988 found
Order:
  1.  95
    The Moral Foundations of Social Institutions: A Philosophical Study.Seumas Miller - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, Seumas Miller examines the moral foundations of contemporary social institutions. Offering an original general theory of social institutions, he posits that all social institutions exist to realize various collective ends, indeed, to produce collective goods. He analyses key concepts such as collective responsibility and institutional corruption. Miller also provides distinctive special theories of particular institutions, including governments, welfare agencies, universities, police organizations, business corporations, and communications and information technology entities. These theories are philosophical and, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  2. Explaining Universal Social Institutions: A Game-Theoretic Approach.Michael Vlerick - 2016 - Topoi 35 (1):291-300.
    Universal social institutions, such as marriage, commons management and property, have emerged independently in radically different cultures. This requires explanation. As Boyer and Petersen point out ‘in a purely localist framework would have to constitute massively improbable coincidences’ . According to Boyer and Petersen, those institutions emerged naturally out of genetically wired behavioural dispositions, such as marriage out of mating strategies and borders out of territorial behaviour. While I agree with Boyer and Petersen that ‘unnatural’ institutions cannot thrive, this (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  3.  82
    Philosophy, social institutions, and the ethics of belief: A response to Buchanan.Alan Carter - 2009 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (3):299-306.
    abstract First, Allen Buchanan, in the version of his paper entitled 'Philosophy and public policy: a role for social moral epistemology' that he presented at the workshop on 'Philosophy and Public Policy' held at the British Academy in London on March 8 th 2008, seems to imply that professional, academic philosophers have had little impact upon public policy. I mention an area where it can be argued in response that they have had a more benign, as well as a (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  42
    Self, identity, and social institutions.Neil Joseph MacKinnon - 2010 - New York, NY: Palgrave-Macmillan. Edited by David R. Heise.
    Introduction -- Cultural theories of people -- Identities in standard English -- Language and social institutions -- The cultural self -- The self's identities -- Theories of identities and selves -- Theories of norms and institutions -- Social reality and human subjectivity.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  5.  14
    The Social Institution of Discursive Norms.Preston Stovall, Leo Townsend & Hans Bernhard Schmid (eds.) - 2021 - Routledge.
    The essays in this collection explore the idea that discursive norms-the norms governing our thought and talk-are profoundly social. Not only do these norms govern and structure our social interactions, but they are sustained by a variety of social and institutional structures. The chapters are divided into three thematic sections. The first offers historical perspectives on discursive norms, including a chapter by Robert Brandom on the way Hegel transformed Kant's normativist approach to representation by adding both a (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. Social institution, cognition, and survival: a cognitive–social simulation.Ron Sun & Isaac Naveh - 2007 - Mind and Society 6 (2):115-142.
    Although computational models of cognitive agents that incorporate a wide range of cognitive functionalities have been developed in cognitive science, most of the work in social simulation still assumes rudimentary cognition on the part of the agents. In contrast, in this work, the interaction of cognition and social structures/processes is explored, through simulating survival strategies of tribal societies. The results of the simulation demonstrate interactions between cognitive and social factors. For example, we show that cognitive capabilities and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  9
    The Economic Theory of Social Institutions.Andrew Schotter - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book uses game theory to analyse the creation, evolution and function of economic and social institutions. The author illustrates his analysis by describing the organic or unplanned evolution of institutions such as the conventions of war, the use of money, property rights and oligopolistic pricing conventions. Professor Schotter begins by linking his work with the ideas of the philosophers Rawls, Nozick and Lewis. Institutions are regarded as regularities in the behaviour of social agents, which the agents themselves (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   32 citations  
  8.  48
    The Social Institution of Discursive Norms: Historical, Naturalistic, and Pragmatic Perspectives.Leo Townsend, Preston Stovall & Hans Bernhard Schmid (eds.) - 2021 - Routledge.
    The essays in this collection explore the idea that discursive norms--the norms governing our thought and talk--are profoundly social. Not only do these norms govern and structure of social interactions, but they are sustained by a variety of social and institutional structures. The chapters are divided into three thematic sections. The first offers historical perspectives on discursive norms, including a chapter by Robert Brandom on the way Hegel transformed Kant's normativist approach to representation by adding both a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  81
    Social institutions.Seumas Miller - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  10.  33
    Systemic domination, social institutions and the coalition problem.Hallvard Sandven - 2020 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 19 (4):382-402.
    This article argues for a systemic conception of freedom as non-domination. It does so by engaging with the debate on the so-called coalition problem. The coalition problem arises because non-domination holds that groups can be agents of power, while also insisting that freedom be robust. Consequently, it seems to entail that everyone is in a constant state of domination at the hands of potential groups. However, the problem can be dissolved by rejecting a ‘strict possibility’ standard for interpreting non-domination’s robustness (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  11. Collective acceptance, social institutions, and social reality.Raimo Tuomela - 2003 - American Journal of Sociology and Economics 62:123-166.
    The paper presents an account of social institutions on the basis of collective acceptance. Basically, collective acceptance by some members of a group involves the members’ collectively coming to hold and holding a relevant social attitude (a “we-attitude”), viz. either one in the intention family of concepts or one in the belief family. In standard cases the collective acceptance must be in the “we-mode”, viz. performed as a group member, and involve that it be meant for the group. (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  12.  75
    Vulnerabilities Compounded by Social Institutions.Laura Guidry-Grimes & Elizabeth Victor - 2012 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (2):126-146.
    How can social institutions complicate and worsen vulnerabilities of particular individuals or groups? We begin by explicating how certain diagnoses within mental health and medicine operate as interactive kinds of labels and how such labels can create institutional barriers that hinder one's capacity to achieve wellbeing. Interactive-kind modeling is a conceptual tool that elucidates the ways in which labeling can signal to others how the labeled person ought to be treated, how such labeling comes about and is perceived, and (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  13.  24
    The Phenomenology of Social Institutions in the Schutzian Tradition.Carlos Belvedere & Alexis Gros - 2019 - Schutzian Research 11:43-74.
    There is a broad consensus that the study of social institutions is one of the fundamental concerns of the social sciences. The idea that phenomenology has ignored this topic is also widely accepted. As against this view, the present paper aims at demonstrating that especially Schutzian phenomenology—that is, the social-phenomenological tradition started by Alfred Schutz and continued by Thomas Luckmann and Peter Berger, among others—provides rich insights on the nature and workings of social institutions that could (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14.  48
    How Social Institutions Can Imitate Nature.Corrado Roversi - 2016 - Topoi 35 (1):327-338.
    The opposition between nature and culture has always been paradigmatic in the philosophy of society, and in this sense it is certainly striking that, in contemporary theories of collective acceptance in social ontology—theories which actually entail the presence of individual mental content in the form of beliefs—the shaping role of culture has not found significant recognition. However, it cannot but be trivially true that cultural presuppositions play a role in the maintenance and development of beliefs on rules and other (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  59
    Responsible Belief and Our Social Institutions.René van Woudenberg - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (1):47 - 73.
    The idea that we can properly be held responsible for what we believe underlies large stretches of our social and institutional life; without that idea in place, social and institutional life would be unthinkable, and more importantly, it would stumble and fall. At the same time, philosophers have argued that this idea is strange, puzzling, beyond belief, false, meaningless or at any rate defective. The first section develops the alleged problem. The burden of this paper, however, is not (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  16.  19
    Searle on Social Institutions: A Critique.Wolfgang Balzer - 2002 - Dialectica 56 (3):195-211.
    The dominant “harmonious” notion of a social institution used by Searle in the discussion of social facts is critically reconsidered. It is argued that an essential ingredient is missing from this notion, namely the harming feature of power. The harmonious view treats power as an important part of social institutions, but takes into account only its beneficial side. This led to a thoroughly positive notion of social institutions which makes us blind to the harm they (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  17.  6
    Social Institutions and the Politics of Recognition: From the Reformation to the French Revolution.Anthony Burns - 2020 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This second volume continues the story told in the first by focusing on the writings of a selection of seminal thinkers in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, in England, the German speaking world and in France, ending with the debate around the French Revolution of 1789.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  15
    Social Institutions and the Politics of Recognition: From the Reformation to the French Revolution.Tony Burns - 2020 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This second volume continues the story told in the first by focusing on the writings of a selection of seminal thinkers in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, in England, the German speaking world and in France, ending with the debate around the French Revolution of 1789.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  62
    Compensatory justice and social institutions.Joseph H. Carens - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (1):39-.
    Moral philosophers are fond of the dictum “ought implies can” and even deontologists normally admit the need to take account of consequences in the design of social institutions. Too often, however, philosophers fail to take advantage of the knowledge provided by the social sciences about the constraints and consequences of alternative forms of social organization. By discussing ideals in abstraction from the problems of institutionalization, they fail at least to see some of the important consequences and costs (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  20.  83
    Minds as social institutions.Cristiano Castelfranchi - 2014 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 13 (1):121-143.
    I will first discuss how social interactions organize, coordinate, and specialize as “artifacts,” tools; how these tools are not only for coordination but for achieving something, for some outcome (goal/function), for a collective work. In particular, I will argue that these artifacts specify (predict and prescribe) the mental contents of the participants, both in terms of beliefs and acceptances and in terms of motives and plans. We have to revise the behavioristic view of “scripts” and “roles”; when we play (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  21. "The social institution of discursive norms" L. Townsend, P. Stovall, and H. B. Schmid (Ed.). Routledge/Taylor & Francis.Mihaela Popa-Wyatt (ed.) - 2021
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. Backwards Causation in Social Institutions.Kenneth Silver - 2024 - Erkenntnis 89 (5):1973-1991.
    Whereas many philosophers take backwards causation to be impossible, the few who maintain its possibility either take it to be absent from the actual world or else confined to theoretical physics. Here, however, I argue that backwards causation is not only actual, but common, though occurring in the context of our social institutions. After juxtaposing my cases with a few others in the literature and arguing that we should take seriously the reality of causal cases in these contexts, I (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  23.  10
    Social Institutions.Denton J. Snider - 1903 - Philosophical Review 12 (1):75-80.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  5
    Ethics, Economics and Social Institutions.Vishwanath Pandit - 2016 - Singapore: Imprint: Springer.
    The book highlights the ethical aspects and issues that are inherent to economics in the context of today's prominent social institutions. It reviews a range of problems concerning dominant social institutions, namely markets, government agencies, corporate entities, financial networks, and religious systems. Further, in each case, the book takes a detailed look at the economic problems as they arise within a broader sociological and political environment, taking into account the respective ethical/philosophical paradigms. It analyzes from an ethical point (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  6
    Cultural Meanings and Social Institutions: Social Organization Through Language.David R. Heise - 2019 - Cham: Imprint: Palgrave Pivot.
    Employing three methods of assessing meaning, this book demonstrates that the thousands of human identities in English coalesce into groups that are recognizable as role sets in the contemporary social institutions of economy, kinship, religion, polity, law, education, medicine, sport, and arts. After establishing a theoretical and a methodological framework for his empirical work, David Heise presents the results obtained when meanings are assessed via dictionary definitions, collocates, and word associations. A close comparison of the results reveals that similar (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  50
    When and why Conventions cannot Be Social Institutions.Vojtěch Zachník - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (3):1235-1254.
    The paper focuses on the issue of compatibility of social institution and convention. At first, it introduces the modest account of conventionality building on five distinctive features – interdependence, arbitrariness, mind-independence, spontaneity, and normative-neutrality – which constitute conventional behaviour, then it presents the two major theories of social institutions that explain them in terms of rules, or equilibria. The argument is that conventions cover a wide-ranging area and cannot be identified with the category of institutions because it (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27.  18
    “just Are The Social Institutions That Are Best For Their Participants”: A Critical Examination.Thomas Pogge - 1994 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 2:57-72.
    We can see what happens in our social world as done by individual and collective agents and as consequences of what such agents do. We can also see these same events as effects of how our social world is structured — of our ground-rules, practices, or social institutions. These two ways of viewing lead to different descriptions and explanations of social phenomena. Here I will discuss how they can also lead to different moral assessments.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  11
    Social Science as a Social Institution: Neutrality and the Politics of Social Research.Fred D' Agostino - 1995 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 25 (3):396-405.
    Michael Root argues, in Philosophy of Social Science, that social scientific investigations do not and cannot meet the liberal requirement of "neutrality" most familiar to social scientists in the form of Max Weber's requirement of value-freedom. He argues, moreover, that this is for "institutional," not idiosyncratic, reasons: methodological demands (e.g., of validity) impel social scientists to pass along into their "objective" investigations the values of the people, groups, and cultures they are studying. In this paper, I (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. Gene–culture coevolution and the evolution of social institutions.Robert Boyd & Peter J. Richerson - unknown
    Social institutions are the laws, informal rules, and conventions that give durable structure to social interactions within a population. Such institutions are typically not designed consciously, are heritable at the population level, are frequently but not always group benefi cial, and are often symbolically marked. Conceptualizing social institutions as one of multiple possible stable cultural equilibrium allows a straightforward explanation of their properties. The evolution of institutions is partly driven by both the deliberate and intuitive decisions of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  30.  22
    Compensatory Justice and Social Institutions.Joseph H. Carens - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (1):39-67.
    Moral philosophers are fond of the dictum “ought implies can” and even deontologists normally admit the need to take account of consequences in the design of social institutions. Too often, however, philosophers fail to take advantage of the knowledge provided by the social sciences about the constraints and consequences of alternative forms of social organization. By discussing ideals in abstraction from the problems of institutionalization, they fail at least to see some of the important consequences and costs (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  31. Radical Imagination and the Social Instituting Imaginary.Castoriadis Cornelius - 1994 - In Gillian Robinson & John F. Rundell (eds.), Rethinking Imagination: Culture and Creativity. Routledge. pp. 136--54.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  32.  70
    Conventions and social institutions.Paul Weirich - 1989 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 27 (4):599-618.
    This essay examines views of convention advanced by David Lewis and Margaret Gilbert.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  33.  23
    Public companies as social institutions.Janice Dean - 2001 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 10 (4):302–310.
    Many UK public companies invest considerable resources in charitable donations and community involvement. Using semi‐structured interviews with public company officers, the author sought to investigate the motivations behind this activity. Was it undertaken because of an expectation of commercial benefit, out of a sense of obligation, or for other reasons? It appeared that public companies were increasingly anxious to make connections between corporate activity in the community and business activities. Public companies linked with local communities clearly felt a sense of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  34. Extending the Limits of Nature. Political Animals, Artefacts, and Social Institutions.Juhana Toivanen - 2020 - Philosophical Readings 1 (12):35-44.
    This essay discusses how medieval authors from the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries dealt with a philosophical problem that social institutions pose for the Aristotelian dichotomy between natural and artificial entities. It is argued that marriage, political community, and language provided a particular challenge for the conception that things which are designed by human beings are artefacts. Medieval philosophers based their arguments for the naturalness of social institutions on the anthropological view that human beings are political animals by nature, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  43
    Do social institutions require collective acceptance?: Mattia Gallotti and John Michael : Perspectives on social ontology and social cognition. Studies in the philosophy of sociality 4. Dordrecht: Springer, 2014, viii+189, $99.00 HB.Frank Hindriks - 2015 - Metascience 24 (3):467-470.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  75
    Just social institutions and the right to health care.Robert M. Veatch - 1979 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 4 (2):170-173.
  37.  13
    Moving from the mental to the behavioral in the metaphysics of social institutions.Megan Henricks Stotts - 2024 - Synthese 203 (4):1-28.
    One particularly influential strand of the contemporary philosophical literature on the metaphysics of social institutions has been the collective acceptance approach, most prominently advocated by John Searle and Raimo Tuomela. The continuing influence of the collective acceptance approach has resulted in alternative accounts that either preserve a role for collective acceptance, or replace it with some other kind of mental state. I argue that this emphasis on the mental in the metaphysics of social institutions is a mistake. First, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  21
    Positive evidence as a social institution.Joseph Agassi - 1971 - Philosophia 1 (3-4):143-157.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. We-attitudes and Social Institutions.Petri Ylikoski & Pekka Mäkelä - 2002 - In Georg Meggle (ed.), Social Facts and Collective Intentionality. Philosophische Forschung / Philosophical research. Dr. Hänsel-Hohenhausen.
  40.  53
    Searle on social institutions: A critique.Wolfgang Balzer - 2002 - Dialectica 56 (3):195–211.
    The dominant “harmonious” notion of a social institution used by Searle in the discussion of social facts is critically reconsidered. It is argued that an essential ingredient is missing from this notion, namely the harming feature of power. The harmonious view treats power as an important part of social institutions, but takes into account only its beneficial side. This led to a thoroughly positive notion of social institutions which makes us blind to the harm they (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  41.  9
    Anthropological Reflections Upon Social Institutions as a Source of the "Wealth of Nations".Jean-Philippe Dalbin - 2001 - Journal des Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 11 (4).
    Buchanan and Rawls have reminded us that economic science has neglected the institutional settings of exchange. Buchanan is in keeping with the epistemological fiction of Hobbes, that of envisaging social institutions as the intended result of the interaction of rational rationalities. Rawls uses the Lockean tradition to apprehend the fundamental structure of society as the intended result of agreement between reasonable rationalities. These two visions establish the juxtaposition of human motivations.By contrast, we suggest to combine rationalities. For, if (...) institutions, and notably justice, encourage – or discourage – the wealth of nations as Smith taught us, they must then be circumscribed with regard to what man is in his more general traits. This combination of abstract rationalities requires then that a synthetic rationality be put forward, that allows the exploration of the complexity of human choice, both in its instrumental and axiological dimension. Aristotle had already discovered this rationality through his studies of prudential rationality, which this paper complements with the notion of customary rationality.Buchanan et Rawls ont rappelé que l’échange possède sa raison institutionnelle que la science économique ne reconnaît plus. Le premier s’inscrit dans la tradition de la fiction épistémologique hobbesienne pour envisager les institutions sociales comme le résultat volontaire de l’interaction de raisons rationnelles. Le second reprend la méthode lockéenne pour appréhender la structure de base de la société comme le résultat volontaire de l’accord de raisons raisonnables. Ces deux démarches consacrent la juxtaposition des rationalités.Par contraste, nous suggérons de les combiner car si les institutions sociales, au coeur desquelles se trouve la justice, favorisent, ou non, la richesse des nations, comme Smith l’enseignait déjà, elles doivent par conséquent être circonscrites en fonction de ce qu’est l’homme dans sa plus grande généralité possible. Cette combinaison de rationalités abstraites suppose donc la mise en perspective d’une rationalité synthétique, permettant de considérer la complexité du choix humain, simultanément instrumental et axiologique. Cette rationalité, Aristote l’avait déjà découverte à travers son étude de la raison prudentielle dont nous proposons ici un complément en y associant la rationalité coutumière. (shrink)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  9
    The Origin of Human Social Institutions.W. G. Runciman (ed.) - 2001 - British Academy.
    These papers bring an interdisciplinary approach to bear on what is arguably the central question in the study of human social evolution: how did the simple hunting and foraging bands of the Upper Palaeolithic evolve into the institutionally complex societies of the so-called Neolithic Revolution? The contributors to this volume are leading experts from the fields of archaeology, anthropology, sociology, psychology, and game theory, all of whom share a common evolutionary perspective. The ideas presented here form a major addition (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  43.  1
    Social Institutions. [REVIEW]F. C. French - 1903 - Philosophical Review 12 (1):75-80.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. The art world of social institutions.Tiziana Andina - 2012 - Rivista di Estetica 49:203-215.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  11
    Science as a social institution.Gerard L. DeGré - 1955 - Garden City, N.Y.,: Doubleday.
  46.  5
    Science As a Social Institution: An Introduction to the Sociology of Science.Gerard L. Degre - 2012 - Doubleday.
  47. The Origin of Human Social Institutions.Bar-Yosef Ofer - 2001
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. The Origin of Human Social Institutions.H. Barkow Jerome, Taslilm Nurpudji Astuti, Hadju Veni, Ishak Elly, Attamimi Faisal, Silwana Sani, M. Dachlan Djunaidi & A. Yahya - 2001
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. Art as a Social Institution.Ramona Cormier - 1977 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 58 (2):161.
  50. The Origin of Human Social Institutions.A. Foley Robert - 2001
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 988