Results for '��ine Mahon'

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  1. Is the Free-Energy Principle a Formal Theory of Semantics? From Variational Density Dynamics to Neural and Phenotypic Representations.Inês Hipólito, Maxwell Ramstead & Karl Friston - 2020 - Entropy 1 (1):1-30.
    The aim of this paper is twofold: (1) to assess whether the construct of neural representations plays an explanatory role under the variational free-energy principle and its corollary process theory, active inference; and (2) if so, to assess which philosophical stance - in relation to the ontological and epistemological status of representations - is most appropriate. We focus on non-realist (deflationary and fictionalist-instrumentalist) approaches. We consider a deflationary account of mental representation, according to which the explanatorily relevant contents of neural (...)
     
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  2. Kant on Lies, Candour and Reticence.James Edwin Mahon - 2003 - Kantian Review 7:102-133.
    Like several prominent moral philosophers before him, such as St Augustine and St Thomas Aquinas, Kant held that it is never morally permissible to tell a lie. Although a great deal has been written on why and how he argued for this conclusion, comparatively little has been written on what, precisely, Kant considered a lie to be, and on how he differentiated between being truthful and being candid, between telling a lie and being reticent, and between telling a lie and (...)
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  3. The Organization of Conceptual Knowledge: The Evidence From Category-Specific Semantic Deficits.Alfonso Caramazza & Bradford Z. Mahon - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (8):354-361.
  4.  60
    The Corporate Social Performance and Corporate Financial Performance Debate Twenty-Five Years of Incomparable Research.Jennifer J. Griffin & John F. Mahon - 1997 - Business and Society 36 (1):5-31.
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  5. The Definition of Lying and Deception.James Edwin Mahon - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Survey of different definitions of lying and deceiving, with an emphasis on the contemporary debate between Thomas Carson, Roy Sorensen, Don Fallis, Jennifer Saul, Paul Faulkner, Jennifer Lackey, David Simpson, Andreas Stokke, Jorg Meibauer, Seana Shiffrin, and James Mahon, among others, over whether lies always aim to deceive. Related questions include whether lies must be assertions, whether lies always breach trust, whether it is possible to lie without using spoken or written language, whether lies must always be false, whether (...)
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  6. A Simple Theory of Every 'Thing'.Inês Hipólito - 2019 - Physics of Life Reviews 1.
    One of the criteria to a strong principle in natural sciences is simplicity. This paper claims that the Free Energy Principle (FEP), by virtue of unifying particles with mind, is the simplest. Motivated by Hilbert’s 24th problem of simplicity, the argument is made that the FEP takes a seemingly mathematical complex domain and reduces it to something simple. More specifically, it is attempted to show that every ‘thing’, from particles to mind, can be partitioned into systemic states by virtue of (...)
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  7. The Corporate Social Performance and Corporate Financial Performance Debate.John F. Mahon - 1997 - Business and Society 36 (1):5-31.
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  8.  30
    Linking Admiration and Adoration to Self-Expansion: Different Ways to Enhance One's Potential.Ines Schindler, Juliane Paech & Fabian Löwenbrück - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (2):292-310.
  9.  44
    Admiration and Adoration: Their Different Ways of Showing and Shaping Who We Are.Ines Schindler, Veronika Zink, Johannes Windrich & Winfried Menninghaus - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (1):85-118.
  10.  20
    Evolutionary Constraints on Human Object Perception.E. Koopman Sarah, Z. Mahon Bradford & F. Cantlon Jessica - 2017 - Cognitive Science:2126-2148.
    Language and culture endow humans with access to conceptual information that far exceeds any which could be accessed by a non-human animal. Yet, it is possible that, even without language or specific experiences, non-human animals represent and infer some aspects of similarity relations between objects in the same way as humans. Here, we show that monkeys’ discrimination sensitivity when identifying images of animals is predicted by established measures of semantic similarity derived from human conceptual judgments. We used metrics from computer (...)
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  11.  17
    Psychodrama and Moviemaking in a Death Education Course to Work Through a Case of Suicide Among High School Students in Italy.Ines Testoni, Lucia Ronconi, Lorenza Palazzo, Michele Galgani, Antonio Stizzi & Kate Kirk - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  12.  11
    Socialism and Empire: Labor Mobility, Racial Capitalism, and the Political Theory of Migration.Inés Valdez - forthcoming - Political Theory:009059172098189.
    This essay brings together political theories of empire and racial capitalism to clarify the entanglements between socialist and imperial discourse at the turn of the twentieth century. I show that white labor activists and intellectuals in the United States and the British settler colonies borrowed from imperial scripts to mark non-white workers as a threat. This discourse was thus both imperial and popular, because it absorbed the white working class into settler projects and enlisted its support in defense of imperial (...)
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  13. Perception Is Not Always and Everywhere Inferential.Inês Hipólito - 2018 - Australasian Philosophical Review 2 (2):184-188.
    This paper argues that it is possible to embrace the predictive processing framework without reducing affordances to inferential perception. The cognitivist account of PP contends that it can capture relational perception, such as affordances. The rationale for this claim is that over time, sensory data becomes highly-weighted. This paper, however, will show the inconsistency of this claim in the face of the cognitivist premise that ‘encapsulated’ models can throw away ‘the body, the world, or other people’ [Hohwy 2016: 265]. It (...)
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  14.  19
    Is Cultural-Historical Activity Theory Threatened to Fall Short of its Own Principles and Possibilities as a Dialectical Social Science?Ines Langemeyer & Wolf-Michael Roth - 2006 - Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 8 (2):20-42.
    In recent years, many researchers engaged in diverse areas and approaches of “cultural-historical activity theory” (CHAT) realized an increasing international interest in Lev S. Vygotsky’s, A. N. Leont’ev’s, and A. Luria’s work and its continuations. Not so long ago, Yrjö Engeström noted that the activity approach was still “the best-held secret of academia” (p. 64) and highlighted the “impressive dimension of theorizing behind” it. Certainly, this remark reflects a time when CHAT was off the beaten tracks. But if this situation (...)
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  15. Mind-Life Continuity: A Qualitative Study of Conscious Experience.Inês Hipólito & J. Martins - 2017 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 131:432-444.
    There are two fundamental models to understanding the phenomenon of natural life. One is thecomputational model, which is based on the symbolic thinking paradigm. The other is the biologicalorganism model. The common difficulty attributed to these paradigms is that their reductive tools allowthe phenomenological aspects of experience to remain hidden behind yes/no responses (behavioraltests), or brain ‘pictures’ (neuroimaging). Hence, one of the problems regards how to overcome meth-odological difficulties towards a non-reductive investigation of conscious experience. It is our aim in (...)
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  16.  20
    Reflections on Different Governance Styles in Regulating Science: A Contribution to ‘Responsible Research and Innovation’.Ine Hoyweghen, Jessica Mesman, David Townend & Laurens Landeweerd - 2015 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 11 (1):1-22.
    In European science and technology policy, various styles have been developed and institutionalised to govern the ethical challenges of science and technology innovations. In this paper, we give an account of the most dominant styles of the past 30 years, particularly in Europe, seeking to show their specific merits and problems. We focus on three styles of governance: a technocratic style, an applied ethics style, and a public participation style. We discuss their merits and deficits, and use this analysis to (...)
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  17.  7
    Ethics and Drug Testing in Human Beings: Joseph Mahon.Joseph Mahon - 1987 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 22:199-211.
    In late May 1984, Irish citizens were perturbed to hear that a thirty-one year old man died while participating, as a paid volunteer, in a clinical drug trial at the Institute of Clinical Pharmacology in Dublin. At the inquest, held in September 1984, the State Pathologist, Dr John Harbison, affirmed that the cause of death was the reaction of the trial drug Eproxindine 4/0091 with a major tranquillizer which had been given less than fifteen hours earlier as part of regular (...)
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  18.  24
    The Phylogenetic Foundations of Discourse Coherence: A Pragmatic Account of the Evolution of Language.Ines Adornetti - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (3):421-441.
    In this paper we propose a pragmatic approach to the evolution of language based on analysis of a particular element of human communication: discourse coherence. We show that coherence is essential for effective communication. Through analysis of a collection of neuropsychological and neurolinguistic studies, we maintain that the proper functioning of executive processes responsible for planning and executing actions plays a key role in the construction of coherent discourses. Studies that tested the discursive and conversational abilities of bonobos have showed (...)
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  19. Proof Phenomenon as a Function of the Phenomenology of Proving.Inês Hipólito - 2015 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 119:360-367.
    Kurt Gödel wrote (1964, p. 272), after he had read Husserl, that the notion of objectivity raises a question: “the question of the objective existence of the objects of mathematical intuition (which, incidentally, is an exact replica of the question of the objective existence of the outer world)”. This “exact replica” brings to mind the close analogy Husserl saw between our intuition of essences in Wesensschau and of physical objects in perception. What is it like to experience a mathematical proving (...)
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  20.  8
    Ulysses Arrangements in Psychiatry : From Normative Ethics to Empirical Research, and Back.Ine Gremmen - 2008 - In Guy Widdershoven (ed.), Empirical Ethics in Psychiatry. Oxford University Press. pp. 171--185.
  21.  7
    Imagining What Could Have Happened: Types and Vividness of Counterfactual Thoughts and the Relationship With Post-Traumatic Stress Reactions.Ines Blix, Alf Børre Kanten, Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland & Siri Thoresen - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  22.  22
    Toward a Substantive Definition of the Corporate Issue Construct A Review and Synthesis of the Literature.Steven L. Wartick & John F. Mahon - 1994 - Business and Society 33 (3):293-311.
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  23.  12
    The Phenomenology of the Intersubjective Impairment.Ines Hipolito - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (4):608-614.
    Several studies suggest that the disorders of the self include a disturbance of the most elementary component of self - the minimal self. Characterizing these disorders and understanding the mechanisms involved remain a challenge to medical epistemology and health care professionals. In the present work, I bring together concepts of different fields, such as neuroscience, epistemology and phenomenology. The main goal is to show that the second-person perspective can be used to point out particular features of social cognition and its (...)
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  24.  29
    L.S. Penrose's Limit Theorem : Proof of Some Special Cases.Ines Lindner & Moshé Machover - unknown
    LS Penrose was the first to propose a measure of voting power (which later came to be known as ‘the [absolute] Banzhaf index’). His limit theorem – which is implicit in Penrose (1952) and for which he gave no rigorous proof – says that, in simple weighted voting games, if the number of voters increases indefinitely while the quota is pegged at half the total weight, then – under certain conditions – the ratio between the voting powers (as measured by (...)
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  25. A Definition of Deceiving.James Edwin Mahon - 2007 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (2):181-194.
    In this article I consider six definitions of deceiving (that is, other-deceiving, as opposed to self-deceiving) from Lily-Marlene Russow, Sissela Bok, OED/Webster's dictionary, Leonard Linsky, Roderick Chisholm and Thomas Feehan, and Gary Fuller, and reject them all, in favor of a modified version of a rejected definition (Fuller). I also defend this definition from a possible objection from Annette Barnes. According to this new definition, deceiving is necessarily intentional, requires that the deceived person acquires or continues to have a false (...)
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  26.  5
    Domestic Violence Between Childhood Incest and Re-Victimization: A Study Among Anti-Violence Centers in Italy.Ines Testoni, Chiara Mariani & Adriano Zamperini - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  27. Two Definitions of Lying.James Edwin Mahon - 2008 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (2):211-230.
    This article first examines a number of different definitions of lying, from Aldert Vrij, Warren Shibles, Sissela Bok, the Oxford English Dictionary, Linda Coleman and Paul Kay, and Joseph Kupfer. It considers objections to all of them, and then defends Kupfer’s definition, as well as a modified version of his definition, as the best of those so far considered. Next, it examines five other definitions of lying, from Harry G. Frankfurt, Roderick M. Chisholm and Thomas D. Feehan, David Simpson, Thomas (...)
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  28. Abortion and the Right to Not Be Pregnant.James Mahon - 2016 - In Allyn Fives & Keith Breen (eds.), Philosophy and Political Engagement: Reflection in the Public Sphere. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 57-77.
    In this paper I defend Judith Jarvis Thomson's 'Good Samaritan Argument' (otherwise known as the 'feminist argument') for the permissibility of abortion, first advanced in her important, ground-breaking article 'A Defense of Abortion' (1971), against objections from Joseph Mahon (1979, 1984). I also highlight two problems with Thomson's argument as presented, and offer remedies for both of these problems. The article begins with a short history of the importance of the article to the development of practical ethics. Not alone (...)
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  29.  45
    What Drives the Organization of Object Knowledge in the Brain?Bradford Z. Mahon & Alfonso Caramazza - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (3):97-103.
  30. Kant and Maria Von Herbert: Reticence Vs. Deception.James Mahon - 2006 - Philosophy 81 (3):417-444.
    This article argues for a distinction between reticence and lying, on the basis of what Kant says about reticence in his correspondence with Maria von Herbert, as well as in his other ethical writings, and defends this distinction against the objections of Rae Langton ("Duty and Desolation", 1992). I argue that lying is necessarily deceptive, whereas reticence is not necessarily deceptive. Allowing another person to remain ignorant of some matter is a form of reticence that is not deceptive. This form (...)
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  31.  87
    Existentialism, Feminism, and Simone De Beauvoir.Joseph Mahon - 1997 - St. Martin's Press.
    Joseph Mahon defends her existentialist feminism against the many reproaches which have been levelled against it over several decades.
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  32. The Truth About Kant On Lies.James Edwin Mahon - 2009 - In Clancy Martin (ed.), The Philosophy of Deception. Oxford University Press.
    In this chapter I argue that there are three different senses of 'lie' in Kant's moral philosophy: the lie in the ethical sense (the broadest sense, which includes lies to oneself), the lie in the 'juristic' sense (the narrowest sense, which only includes lies that specifically harm particular others), and the lie in the sense of right (or justice), which is narrower than the ethical sense, but broader than the juristic sense, since it includes all lies told to others, including (...)
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  33. Michel Foucault's Ethical Imagination.James Bernauer & Michael Mahon - 2006 - In Gary Gutting (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Foucault. Cambridge University Press.
  34.  19
    What Can Written-Words Tell Us About Lexical Retrieval in Speech Production?Eduardo Navarrete, Bradford Z. Mahon, Anna Lorenzoni & Francesca Peressotti - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  35.  69
    Corporate Reputation Research Agenda Using Strategy and Stakeholder Literature.John F. Mahon - 2002 - Business and Society 41 (4):415-445.
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  36.  9
    Big Data, Precision Medicine and Private Insurance: A Delicate Balancing Act.Ine Van Hoyweghen, Effy Vayena & Alessandro Blasimme - 2019 - Big Data and Society 6 (1).
    In this paper, we discuss how access to health-related data by private insurers, other than affecting the interests of prospective policy-holders, can also influence their propensity to make personal data available for research purposes. We take the case of national precision medicine initiatives as an illustrative example of this possible tendency. Precision medicine pools together unprecedented amounts of genetic as well as phenotypic data. The possibility that private insurers could claim access to such rapidly accumulating biomedical Big Data or to (...)
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  37. Processing Narrative Coherence: Towards a Top-Down Model of Discourse.Erica Cosentino, Ines Adornetti & Francesco Ferretti - 2013 - Open Access Series in Informatics (OASICS) 32:61-75.
    Models of discourse and narration elaborated within the classical compositional framework have been characterized as bottom-up models, according to which discourse analysis proceeds incrementally, from phrase and sentence local meaning to discourse global meaning. In this paper we will argue against these models. Assuming as a case study the issue of discourse coherence, we suggest that the assessment of coherence is a top-down process, in which the construction of a situational interpretation at the global meaning level guides local meaning analysis. (...)
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  38.  32
    Foucault's Nietzschean Genealogy: Truth, Power, and the Subject.Michael Mahon - 1992 - State University of New York Press.
    Illuminates the influence of 19th-century German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche on 20th-century French philosopher Michel Foucault, focusing on the notion of genealogy.
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  39.  6
    Aesthetic Emotions Are a Key Factor in Aesthetic Evaluation: Reply to Skov and Nadal (2020).Winfried Menninghaus, Ines Schindler, Valentin Wagner, Eugen Wassiliwizky, Julian Hanich, Thomas Jacobsen & Stefan Koelsch - 2020 - Psychological Review 127 (4):650-654.
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  40.  20
    A Typology of Issue Evolution.Barbara Bigelow, Liam Fahey & John Mahon - 1993 - Business and Society 32 (1):18-29.
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  41.  6
    Frozen.Kati Hannken-Illjes & Ines Bose - 2019 - Informal Logic 39 (4):465-495.
    In this study, we consider the ways different degrees of dissent are established in interaction, especially in interactions among children. One important aspect in the development of the ability to argue is the framing of interactions as rather cooperative or agonistic. Different framings seem to allow for different forms of argumentative activity. The focus in this paper is on the mediation of degrees of dissensus in argumentation in child-child communication. It is established, we argue, through verbal as well as non-verbal (...)
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  42.  17
    Antecedents of Organizational Engagement: Exploring Vision, Mood and Perceived Organizational Support with Emotional Intelligence as a Moderator.Edward G. Mahon, Scott N. Taylor & Richard E. Boyatzis - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  43. Kant and the Perfect Duty to Others Not to Lie.James Edwin Mahon - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 14 (4):653 – 685.
    In this article I argue that it is possible to find, in the Groundwork, a perfect ethical duty to others not to lie to any other person, ever. This duty is not in the Doctrine of Virtue, or the Right to Lie essay. It is an exceptionless, negative duty. The argument given for this negative duty from the Universal Law formula of the Categorical Imperative is that the liar necessarily applies a double standard: do not lie (everyone else), and lie (...)
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  44.  85
    Leaping Ahead of Heidegger: Subjectivity and Intersubjectivity in Being and Time.Mahon O’Brien - 2014 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 22 (4):534-551.
    Heidegger?s accounts of Dasein?s dual nature as both individual and social in Being and Time have been a longstanding source of confusion and controversy in the literature. Many critics have been keen to identify contradictions between Heidegger?s positive account of the social nature of everyday Dasein and the putatively solipsistic account of authentic Dasein which comes later. This paper focuses on Heidegger?s brief attempts to sketch the outlines for the notion of something like authentic intersubjectivity. In doing so we will (...)
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  45.  2
    Demographic and Attitudinal Factors of Adherence to Quarantine Guidelines During COVID-19: The Italian Model.Leonardo Carlucci, Ines D’Ambrosio & Michela Balsamo - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  46.  29
    A Study of the Ethical Dilemmas Experienced by School Psychologists in Portugal.Sofia A. Mendes, Inês M. G. Nascimento, Isabel M. P. Abreu-Lima & Leandro S. Almeida - 2016 - Ethics and Behavior 26 (5):395-414.
    This study examines the ethical dilemmas and difficulties encountered by Portuguese school psychologists. As part of a larger survey, participants were asked about ethical issues faced in daily practice and asked to describe ethical incidents. Of the 477 respondents, 274 reported 441 ethically troubling or challenging situations. Responses were coded into a six-category system based on the code of ethics of Portuguese psychologists. Most of the reported dilemmas concerned privacy and confidentiality principles. Results are discussed in light of relevant literature (...)
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  47.  34
    The Concept of Reputational Bliss.Barry M. Mitnick & John F. Mahon - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 72 (4):323-333.
    A normative criterion identifying the conditions for a desirable corporate reputation, “reputational optimality,” or “reputational bliss,” is described, and a case developed for its utility and reasonableness as a criterion to apply to real world phenomena. The paper discusses some behavioral patterns under alternative moral positions taken by observers and the firm, critiques some alternative moral principles, and considers some dynamics of moving toward, defending and maintaining, and breaching or breaking reputational bliss.
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  48.  6
    Competência E Cidadania No Mundo Do Trabalho.Inês Amaro da Silva - 1997 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 42 (2):247.
    Nas proximidades do novo milênio deparamo-nos com a construção de um progresso científico e tecnológico muito intenso, o qual coloca novas dimensões às desigualdades sociais, bem como impõe novas demandas à formação. O atual estágio de desenvolvimento das forças produtivas requer, mais do que nunca, o investimento no desenvolvimento humano, abrindo novas possibilidades para um avanço na necessária articulação entre as demandas do mundo do trabalho - expressas na categoria competência - com as do mundo social com um todo, que (...)
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  49. The Organization and Representation of Conceptual Knowledge in the Brain: Living Kinds and Artifacts.Bradford Z. Mahon & Alfonso Caramazza - 2007 - In Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (eds.), Creations of the Mind: Theories of Artifacts and Their Representaion. Oxford University Press. pp. 157--187.
     
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  50.  6
    Reflections on Different Governance Styles in Regulating Science: A Contribution to ‘Responsible Research and Innovation’.Ine Van Hoyweghen, Jessica Mesman, David Townend & Laurens Landeweerd - 2015 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 11 (1).
    In European science and technology policy, various styles have been developed and institutionalised to govern the ethical challenges of science and technology innovations. In this paper, we give an account of the most dominant styles of the past 30 years, particularly in Europe, seeking to show their specific merits and problems. We focus on three styles of governance: a technocratic style, an applied ethics style, and a public participation style. We discuss their merits and deficits, and use this analysis to (...)
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