Results for '��rico Andrade'

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  1. Establishing Connections Between Aristotle's Natural Deduction and First-Order Logic.Edgar Jose Andrade & Edward Samuel Becerra - 2008 - History and Philosophy of Logic 29 (4):309-325.
    This article studies the mathematical properties of two systems that model Aristotle's original syllogistic and the relationship obtaining between them. These systems are Corcoran's natural deduction syllogistic and ?ukasiewicz's axiomatization of the syllogistic. We show that by translating the former into a first-order theory, which we call T RD, we can establish a precise relationship between the two systems. We prove within the framework of first-order logic a number of logical properties about T RD that bear upon the same properties (...)
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  2.  29
    What is Ethical Competence? The Role of Empathy, Personal Values, and the Five-Factor Model of Personality in Ethical Decision-Making.Rico Pohling, Danilo Bzdok, Monika Eigenstetter, Siegfried Stumpf & Anja Strobel - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 137 (3):449-474.
    The objective of the present research was two-fold: to provide a new definition of ethical competence, and to clarify the influence of empathy, personal values, and the five-factor model of personality on ethical competence. The present research provides a comprehensive overview about recent approaches and empirically explores the interconnections of these constructs. 366 German undergraduate students were examined in a cross-sectional study that investigated the relationship of empathy, personal values, and the five-factor model of personality with moral judgment competence and (...)
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  3.  20
    The Cultural Part of Cognition.Roy Goodwin D'Andrade - 1981 - Cognitive Science 5 (3):179-195.
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  4.  11
    Imaginary Relish and Exquisite Torture: The Elaborated Intrusion Theory of Desire.David J. Kavanagh, Jackie Andrade & Jon May - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (2):446-467.
  5.  25
    Reforming the Art of Living: Nature, Virtue, and Religion in Descartes's Epistemology.Rico Vitz - 2015 - Springer.
    Descartes’s concern with the proper method of belief formation is evident in the titles of his works—e.g., The Search after Truth, The Rules for the Direction of the Mind, and The Discourse on Method of rightly conducting one’s reason and seeking the truth in the sciences. It is most apparent, however, in his famous discussions, both in the Meditations and in the Principles, of one particularly noteworthy source of our doxastic errors—namely, the misuse of one’s will. What is not widely (...)
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  6.  48
    Beyond Quietism: Transformative Experience in Pyrrhonism and Wittgenstein.Rico Gutschmidt - 2020 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 10 (2):105-128.
    Pyrrhonian skepticism is usually understood as a form of quietism, since it is supposed to bring us back to where we were in our everyday lives before we got disturbed by philosophical questions. Similarly, the ‘therapeutic’ and ‘resolute’ readings of Wittgenstein claim that Wittgenstein’s ‘philosophical practice’ results in the dissolution of the corresponding philosophical problems and brings us back to our everyday life. Accordingly, Wittgenstein is often linked to Pyrrhonism and classified as a quietist. Against this reading, I will employ (...)
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  7.  34
    Cultural Cognition.Roy G. D'Andrade - 1989 - In Michael I. Posner (ed.), Foundations of Cognitive Science. MIT Press.
  8.  29
    Engineering Ethics in Puerto Rico: Issues and Narratives.William J. Frey & Efraín O’Neill-Carrillo - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (3):417-431.
    This essay discusses engineering ethics in Puerto Rico by examining the impact of the Colegio de Ingenieros y Agrimensores de Puerto Rico (CIAPR) and by outlining the constellation of problems and issues identified in workshops and retreats held with Puerto Rican engineers. Three cases developed and discussed in these workshops will help outline movements in engineering ethics beyond the compliance perspective of the CIAPR. These include the Town Z case, Copper Mining in Puerto Rico, and a hypothetical case researched by (...)
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  9. Doxastic Voluntarism.Rico Vitz - 2008 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Doxastic voluntarism is the philosophical doctrine according to which people have voluntary control over their beliefs. Philosophers in the debate about doxastic voluntarism distinguish between two kinds of voluntary control. The first is known as direct voluntary control and refers to acts which are such that if a person chooses to perform them, they happen immediately. For instance, a person has direct voluntary control over whether he or she is thinking about his or her favorite song at a given moment. (...)
     
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  10.  25
    Deep Thinking Increases Task-Set Shielding and Reduces Shifting Flexibility in Dual-Task Performance.Rico Fischer & Bernhard Hommel - 2012 - Cognition 123 (2):303-307.
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  11.  13
    Institution Types and Institution Tokens: An Unproblematic Distinction?Rico Hauswald - 2018 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 48 (6):594-607.
    The distinction between institution types and institution tokens plays an important role in Francesco Guala’s philosophy of institutions. In this commentary, I argue that this distinction faces a number of difficulties that are not sufficiently addressed in Understanding Institutions. In particular, I critically discuss Guala’s comparison between the taxonomy of organisms and the taxonomy of institutions, consider the semantics of institution terms on different levels in this taxonomy, and argue for an alternative solution to the problem of how to reconcile (...)
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  12. Descartes and the Question of Direct Doxastic Voluntarism.Rico Vitz - 2010 - Journal of Philosophical Research 35:107-21.
    In this paper, I clarify Descartes’s account of belief, in general, and of judgment, in particular. Then, drawing upon this clarification, I explain the type of direct doxastic voluntarism that he endorses. In particular, I attempt to demonstrate two claims. First, I argue that there is strong textual evidence that, on Descartes’s account, people have the ability to suspend, or to withhold, judgment directly by an act will. Second, I argue that there is weak and inconclusive textual evidence that, on (...)
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  13.  35
    Efficient Multitasking: Parallel Versus Serial Processing of Multiple Tasks.Rico Fischer & Franziska Plessow - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  14.  11
    Turning East: Contemporary Philosophers and the Ancient Christian Faith.Rico Vitz (ed.) - 2012 - New York, USA: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press.
    The Orthodox Church is one of the largest religious groups in the world. Yet, it remains an enigma in the West, especially among those who mistake it either for a Greek version of Roman Catholicism or for an exotic mixture of Christianity and eastern religion. Many, however, are coming to recognize the Orthodox Church for what it is: a worldwide community of Christian disciples that has been faithful to the apostolic command, “stand fast and hold the traditions which you were (...)
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  15.  86
    The Ethics of Belief: Individual and Social.Rico Vitz & Jonathan Matheson (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    How do people form beliefs, and how should they do so? This book presents seventeen new essays on these questions, drawing together perspectives from philosophy and psychology. The first section explores the ethics of belief from an individualistic framework. It begins by examining the question of doxastic voluntarism-i.e., the extent to which people have control over their beliefs. It then shifts to focusing on the kinds of character that epistemic agents should cultivate, what their epistemic ends ought to be, and (...)
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  16.  4
    Moral Elevation and Economic Games: The Moderating Role of Personality.Rico Pohling, Rhett Diessner, Shawnee Stacy, Destiny Woodward & Anja Strobel - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  17. Sympathy and Benevolence in Hume's Moral Psychology.Rico Vitz - 2004 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 42 (3):261-275.
    In this paper, I argue that Hume’s account of sympathy is substantially unchanged from the Treatise to the second Enquiry. I show that Hume uses the term ‘sympathy’ to refer to three different mental phenomena (a psychological mechanism or principle, a sentiment, and a conversion process) and that he consistently refers to sympathy as a cause of benevolent motivation. I attempt to resolve an apparent difficulty regarding sympathy and humanity by explaining how each is an ‘original principle’ in Hume’s sense. (...)
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  18.  12
    The Dog in the Lifeboat Revisited.Judith Barad-Andrade - unknown
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  19.  32
    Ethics and Artificial Intelligence: Suicide Prevention on Facebook.Norberto Nuno Gomes de Andrade, Dave Pawson, Dan Muriello, Lizzy Donahue & Jennifer Guadagno - 2018 - Philosophy and Technology 31 (4):669-684.
    There is a death by suicide in the world every 40 seconds, and suicide is the second leading cause of death for 15–29-year-olds. Experts say that one of the best ways to prevent suicide is for those in distress to hear from people who care about them. Facebook is in a unique position—through its support for networks and friendships on the site—to help connect a person in these difficult situations with people who can support them. Connecting people with the resources (...)
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  20.  57
    Bribery.Kendall D'Andrade - 1985 - Journal of Business Ethics 4 (4):239 - 248.
    Bribery has previously been viewed as a two-party transaction between the bribe-offerer and the bribe-taker. But there is a third party: the one who has a prior claim on the bribe-taker's loyalty. Breaking the first contract in response to the offer of a bribe is alienation of agency (a category that strictly includes bribes): alienation of agency is the additional immorality of bribery beyond any immorality of the act solicited by the bribe.
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  21.  15
    Character, Culture, and Humean Virtue Ethics: Insights From Situationism and Confucianism.Rico Vitz - 2018 - In Philip Reed & Rico Vitz (eds.), Hume’s Moral Philosophy and Contemporary Psychology. Routledge.
    For the past two decades, the empirical adequacy of virtue has ethics has been challenged by proponents of situationism and defended by a wide variety of virtue ethics, working both in Western and in Eastern philosophy. Advocates of Humean virtue ethics, however, have (rather surprisingly) had little to say in this debate. In this chapter, I attempt to help fill this gap in Hume scholarship in three ways. First, I elucidate insights both from Hume and from his commentators to explain (...)
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  22.  4
    Epistemische Deferenz.Rico Hauswald - 2018 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 95 (4):436-474.
    What is the correct epistemic stance that laypeople should take vis-a-vis epistemic authorities? The author provides an answer to this question based on a critical examination of Linda Zagzebski’s Preemption Thesis, according to which the fact that an authority has a belief p is a reason for a layperson to believe p that replaces her other reasons relevant to believing p and is not simply added to them. In contrast, the author argues that epistemic deference requires a layperson to perform (...)
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  23.  20
    Imagery and Strength of Craving for Eating, Drinking, and Playing Sport.Jon May, Jackie Andrade, David Kavanagh & Lucy Penfound - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (4):633-650.
    The elaborated intrusion (EI) theory of desire (Kavanagh, Andrade, & May, 2005) attributes the motivational force of cravings to cognitive elaboration, including imagery, of apparently spontaneous thoughts that intrude into awareness. We report a questionnaire study in which respondents rated a craving for food or drink. Questionnaire items derived from EI theory formed a single factor alongside factors for anticipated reward/relief, resistance, and opportunity. In a multiple regression predicting strength of craving, the first three factors accounted for 36% of (...)
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  24. Learning During Anesthesia: A Review.Jackie Andrade - 1995 - British Journal of Psychology 86:479-506.
  25.  40
    Umfangslogik und analytisches Urteil bei Kant.Rico Hauswald - 2010 - Kant-Studien 101 (3):283-308.
    According to Kant's most important definition an analytic judgement obtains when the predicate of a judgement is already contained intensionally in the subject. It has been objected that whereas this containment is a sufficient criterion, nevertheless there are analytic judgements that do not have a corresponding conceptual content. In these cases one needs to add an extensional criterion. The chief goal of this essay is to examine this argument critically and to reject it on the grounds that although an analytic (...)
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  26.  16
    Explanation and Essence in Posterior Analytics II 16-17.Breno Andrade Zuppolini - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 24:229-264.
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  27.  56
    Doxastic Virtues in Hume’s Epistemology.Rico Vitz - 2009 - Hume Studies 35 (1-2):211-29.
    In this paper, I elucidate Hume's account of doxastic virtues and offer three reasons that contemporary epistemologists ought to consider it as an alternative to one of the broadly Aristotelian models currently offered. Specifically, I suggest that Hume's account of doxastic virtues obviates (1) the much-debated question about whether such virtues are intellectual, "moral," or some combination thereof, (2) the much-debated question about whether people have voluntary control of their belief formation, and (3) the need to make the kind of (...)
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  28.  70
    Hume and the Limits of Benevolence.Rico Vitz - 2002 - Hume Studies 28 (2):271-296.
    The purpose of this paper is to explain Hume’s account of the way both the scope and the degree of benevolent motivation is limited. I argue (i) that Hume consistently affirms, both in the Treatise and in the second Enquiry, that the scope of benevolent motivation is very broad, such that it includes any creature that is conscious and capable of thought, and (ii) that the degree of benevolent motivation is limited, such that a person is naturally inclined to feel (...)
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  29. Puerto Rico: Freedom and Power in the Caribbean.Gordon K. Lewis - 1965 - Science and Society 29 (1):96-101.
  30.  20
    Kinetics of the Allotropic Hcp–Fcc Phase Transformation in Cobalt.Rico Bauer, Eric A. Jägle, Wolfgang Baumann & Eric Jan Mittemeijer - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (3):437-457.
  31.  4
    There Is Light and There Is Darkness: On the Temporal Dynamics of Cohesion, Coordination, and Performance in Business Teams.Pedro Marques-Quinteiro, Ramón Rico, Ana M. Passos & Luís Curral - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  32. Culture is Not Everything.Roy D'Andrade - 1999 - In E. L. Cerroni-Long (ed.), Anthropological Theory in North America. Bergin & Garvey. pp. 85--103.
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  33.  42
    Reconceptualising Whistleblowing in a Complex World.Julio A. Andrade - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (2):321-335.
    This paper explores the ethical dilemma of conflicting loyalties found in whistleblowing. Central to this dilemma is the internal/external disclosure dichotomy; disclosure of organisational wrongdoing to an external recipient is seen as disloyal, whilst disclosure to an internal recipient is seen as loyal. Understanding how the organisation and society have dealt with these problems over the last 30 years is undertaken through an analysis of Vandekerckhove’s project, which seeks to place the normative legitimisations of whistleblowing legislation and organisational whistleblowing policies (...)
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  34.  15
    Explicit mathematics and operational set theory: Some ontological comparisons.Gerhard Jäger & Rico Zumbrunnen - 2017 - Association for Symbolic Logic: The Bulletin of Symbolic Logic.
    We discuss several ontological properties of explicit mathematics and operational set theory: global choice, decidable classes, totality and extensionality of operations, function spaces, class and set formation via formulas that contain the definedness predicate and applications.
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  35.  99
    A Spontaneous Physics Philosophy on the Concept of Ether Throughout the History of Science: Birth, Death and Revival. [REVIEW]Elaine Maria Paiva de Andrade, Jean Faber & Luiz Pinguelli Rosa - 2013 - Foundations of Science 18 (3):559-577.
    In the course of the history of science, some concepts have forged theoretical foundations, constituting paradigms that hold sway for substantial periods of time. Research on the history of explanations of the action of one body on another is a testament to the periodic revival of one theory in particular, namely, the theory of ether. Even after the foundation of modern Physics, the notion of ether has directly and indirectly withstood the test of time. Through a spontaneous physics philosophical analysis, (...)
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  36.  67
    The Nature and Functions of Sympathy in Hume's Philosophy.Rico Vitz - 2014 - In Paul Russell (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of David Hume. Oxford University Press.
    My aim, in this chapter, is to outline the key details of this particularly interesting aspect of Hume's philosophical system. My presentation will be threefold. In the first section of the paper, I will elucidate the nature of sympathy, drawing upon some of the more recent ways in which Hume's commentators have attempted to resolve the interpretive puzzles Hume's works present. In the second section, I will explicate some of the functions sympathy has in Hume's philosophy, including not only three (...)
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  37.  22
    Hunger-Related Intrusive Thoughts Reflect Increased Accessibility of Food Items.Lisa-Marie Berry, Jackie Andrade & Jon May - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (4):865-878.
  38.  31
    Forma Lógica Das Proposições Científicas E Ontologia da Predicação: Um Falso Dilema Nos Segundos Analíticos de Aristóteles.Breno Andrade Zuppolini - 2014 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 19 (2):11-45.
    In the Posterior Analytics, Aristotle imposes some requirements on the formulation of scientific propositions: their terms must be able to perform the role of subject as well as of predicate; their terms should be universal; every demonstration must involve “primary” subjects denoted by terms that “cannot be said of another underlying subject”. Several interpreters, inspired by theses from the Categories, believed that this third requirement refers to names and descriptions of particular substances as basic subjects of predicative statements, since they (...)
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  39.  29
    The Rise of Magnetochemistry From Ritter to Hurmuzescu.Roberto de Andrade Martins - 2012 - Foundations of Chemistry 14 (2):157-182.
    Abstract This paper describes the early history of magnetochemistry: the search for chemical effects of magnetism in the nineteenth century. Some early researchers, such as Johann Wilhelm Ritter, attempted to reproduce with magnets the effects that had been produced by electricity and Volta’s battery. For several decades, researchers successively reported positive results and denied claims concerning the effect of magnetism in oxidation, electrolysis, reduction of metals from saline solutions, crystallisation, change of colour of vegetable tinctures and other chemical reactions. In (...)
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  40.  22
    Experimental Tests of Isometry Hypotheses.Roberto de Andrade Martins - 1982 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 33 (3):296 - 304.
    Isometry hypotheses are propositions that assert the constancy of a specific physical magnitude of a system under prescribed conditions. This paper addresses the controversy concerning the conventionality of this type of hypotheses. It discusses several instances of isometry hypotheses and it is shown that experimental facts can be invoked to criticise (or "refute") isometry hypotheses, just as other types of hypotheses. This proves that isometry hypotheses, and the choices of measurement standards that are grounded in such hypotheses, are not merely (...)
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  41.  28
    Tobacco Use Decreases Visual Sensitivity in Schizophrenia.Thiago M. P. Fernandes, Michael J. Oliveira de Andrade, Jessica B. Santana, Renata M. Toscano Barreto Lyra Nogueira & Natanael A. Dos Santos - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  42.  54
    Machiavelli's Prince as Ceo.Kendall D'andrade - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (4):395-404.
    The Machiavellian model is often praised as a realistic description of modern corporate life. My analysis of Tne Prince follows Rousseau in arguing that the prince can survive and prosper most easily by creating an environment in which almost all the citizens prosper. Far from licensing unrestrained self-aggrandizement, in this model success only comes from providing real value to almost every citizen for the entire period of one's leadership.Translation from the early sixteenth to the late twentieth century is far from (...)
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  43.  10
    Aufklärung der Aufklärung. Heideggers Spätphilosophie und die philosophische Theologie.Rico Gutschmidt - 2012 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 60 (2):193-211.
    Heidegger’s philosophy of being and enowning contains many religious topics, such as the last god, the divinities within his concept of the fourfold or his so called hölderlintheology. In this paper, these aspects shall be illuminated by relating the overall concern of Heidegger’s later philosophy to the tension between philosophy and theology: It will be argued that on the one hand his rejection of ontotheology is justified, since god is not a causally operating entity, and that on the other hand (...)
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  44.  26
    Física: Estudos Filosóficos E Históricos.Roberto de Andrade Martins, Guillermo Boido & Victor Rodriguez (eds.) - 2006 - Afhic-Associação de Filosofia E História da Ciência Do Cone Sul.
    Apresentação / Pablo Lorenzano Introdução / Os editores Princípios em cosmologia / Antonio Augusto Passos Videira Aleatoriedad vs. arbitrariedad en la mecánica estadística clásica / Eduardo H. Flichman La teoría galileana de la materia: resolutio e infinitos indivisibles / Fernando Tula Molina Ciencia y música en la obra de Vincenzo Galilei (ca. 1520-1591) / Guillermo Boido & Eduardo Kastika T-invariancia, irreversibilidad, flecha del tiempo: similares pero diferentes / Olimpia Lombardi Mapa das interpretações da teoria quântica / Osvaldo Pessoa Jr. Aspectos (...)
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  45.  35
    Thomas More and the Christian ‘Superstition’: A Puzzle for Hume’s Psychology of Religious Belief.Rico Vitz - 2011 - Modern Schoolman 88 (3-4):223-244.
    In this paper, I examine one particular element of Hume’s psychology of religious belief. More specifically, I attempt to elucidate his account of what I call the sustaining causes of religious belief—that is, those causes that keep religious beliefs alive in modern human societies. In attempting to make some progress at clarifying this element of Hume’s psychology, I examine one particular ‘experiment’—namely, the case of Thomas More, a man who is, by Hume’s own admission, a person of remarkable virtue. I (...)
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  46.  12
    Religião, Democracia e Direitos Humanos: Presença pública inter-religiosa no fortalecimento da democracia e na defesa dos direitos humanos no Brasil.Claudia Danielle Andrade Ritz - 2017 - Horizonte 15 (47):1086-1090.
    Book reviews RIBEIRO, Claudio de Oliveira. Religião, Democracia e Direitos Humanos : Presença pública inter-religiosa no fortalecimento da democracia e na defesa dos direitos humanos no Brasil. São Paulo: Reflexão, 2016. 159p. ISBN 978.85.8088.194-3.
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  47.  20
    Sobre a generosidade: uma abordagem contempor'nea da ética cartesiana.Érico Andrade M. Oliveira - 2014 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 59 (2):61-87.
    O objetivo do meu artigo consiste em apresentar o conceito de generosidade como principal vetor para compreensão da moral cartesiana. Meu ponto éque esse conceito consegue, por um lado, articular diferentes paixões como humildade, amizade e amor numa mesma rede conceitual com o foco num projeto moral comum e, por outro, ele permite mostrar como Descartes articula num mesmo patamar razão e paixão para determinar a melhor forma de conduta humana. Com essa caracterização da generosidade acredito que é possível associar (...)
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  48. Explanation and Essence in Posterior Analytics II 16-17.Breno Andrade Zuppolini - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 24:229-264.
    In Posterior Analytics II 16-17, Aristotle seems to claim that there cannot be more than one explanans of the same scientific explanandum. However, this seems to be true only for “primary-universal” demonstrations, in which the major term belongs to the minor “in itself” and the middle term is coextensive with the extremes. If so, several explananda we would like to admit as truly scientific would be out of the scope of an Aristotelian science. The secondary literature has identified a second (...)
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  49.  8
    Minding the 'Unbridgeable Gap': The Future of Conscientious Objection in a Secular Age.Alain Julian León & Rico Vitz - 2017 - Christian Bioethics 23 (2):149-168.
    In this article, we offer a rebuttal to a key thesis in Chapter 5 of Engelhardt’s After God: namely, that there exists an “unbridgeable gap” between the dominant secular culture and traditional religious believers. Contra Engelhardt, we argue that it is possible to bridge the gap by employing a strategy that includes, but is not limited to, methods for cultivating understanding and respect and a sense of solidarity. Our argument proceeds in three steps. First, we elucidate Engelhardt’s thesis in light (...)
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  50.  8
    Commentary.Kendall D’Andrade - 1983 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 3 (1):80-83.
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