Results for '*Brain Damage'

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  1. The Argument From Brain Damage Vindicated.Rocco J. Gennaro & Yonatan I. Fishman - 2015 - In Keith Augustine & Michael Martin (eds.), The Myth of an Afterlife: The Case against Life After Death. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 105-133.
    It has long been known that brain damage has important negative effects on one’s mental life and even eliminates one’s ability to have certain conscious experiences. It thus stands to reason that when all of one’s brain activity ceases upon death, consciousness is no longer possible and so neither is an afterlife. It seems clear that human consciousness is dependent upon functioning brains. This essay reviews some of the overall neurological evidence from brain damage studies and concludes that (...)
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  2.  21
    Does Electroconvulsive Therapy Cause Brain Damage?Richard D. Weiner - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (1):1.
  3.  55
    Are Developmental Disorders Like Cases of Adult Brain Damage? Implications From Connectionist Modelling.Michael Thomas & Annette Karmiloff-Smith - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):727-750.
    It is often assumed that similar domain-specific behavioural impairments found in cases of adult brain damage and developmental disorders correspond to similar underlying causes, and can serve as convergent evidence for the modular structure of the normal adult cognitive system. We argue that this correspondence is contingent on an unsupported assumption that atypical development can produce selective deficits while the rest of the system develops normally (Residual Normality), and that this assumption tends to bias data collection in the field. (...)
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  4. Brain Damage and the Moral Significance of Consciousness.Guy Kahane & Julian Savulescu - 2009 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (1):6-26.
    Neuroimaging studies of brain-damaged patients diagnosed as in the vegetative state suggest that the patients might be conscious. This might seem to raise no new ethical questions given that in related disputes both sides agree that evidence for consciousness gives strong reason to preserve life. We question this assumption. We clarify the widely held but obscure principle that consciousness is morally significant. It is hard to apply this principle to difficult cases given that philosophers of mind distinguish between a range (...)
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  5.  72
    Brain Damage and the Moral Significance of Consciousness.Julian Savulescu - 2009 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (1):6-26.
    Neuroimaging studies of brain-damaged patients diagnosed as in the vegetative state suggest that the patients might be conscious. This might seem to raise no new ethical questions given that in related disputes both sides agree that evidence for consciousness gives strong reason to preserve life. We question this assumption. We clarify the widely held but obscure principle that consciousness is morally significant. It is hard to apply this principle to difficult cases given that philosophers of mind distinguish between a range (...)
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  6.  22
    Overall Intelligence and Localized Brain Damage.Dahlia W. Zaidel - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (2):173-174.
    Overall mean performance on intelligence tests by brain-damaged patients with focal lesions can be misleading in regard to localization of intelligence. The widely used WAIS has many subtests that together recruit spatially distant neural but individually the subtests reveal localized functions. Moreover, there are kinds of intelligence that defy the localizationist approach inferred from brain damage.
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  7.  14
    Are Fetal Brain Tissue Grafts Necessary for the Treatment of Brain Damage?Donald G. Stein & Marylou M. Glasier - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):86-107.
    Despite some clinical promise, using fetal transplants for degenerative and traumatic brain injury remains controversial and a number of issues need further attention. This response reexamines a number of questions. Issues addressed include: temporal factors relating to neural grafting, the role of behavioral experience in graft outcome, and the relationship of rebuilding of neural circuitry to functional recovery. Also discussed are organization and type of transplanted tissue, the of transplant viability, and whether transplants are really needed to obtain functional recovery (...)
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  8.  85
    Does Any Aspect of Mind Survive Brain Damage That Typically Leads to a Persistent Vegetative State? Ethical Considerations.Jaak Panksepp, Thomas Fuchs, Victor Abella Garcia & Adam Lesiak - 2007 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2:32-.
    Recent neuroscientific evidence brings into question the conclusion that all aspects of consciousness are gone in patients who have descended into a persistent vegetative state (PVS). Here we summarize the evidence from human brain imaging as well as neurological damage in animals and humans suggesting that some form of consciousness can survive brain damage that commonly causes PVS. We also raise the issue that neuroscientific evidence indicates that raw emotional feelings (primary-process affects) can exist without any cognitive awareness (...)
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  9.  9
    Intellectual Disability, Brain Damage, and Group-to-Individual Inferences.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2018 - Balkan Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):5-16.
    In this essay, I home in on the difficulties with group-to-individual inferences in neuroscience and how they impact the legal system. I briefly outline how cognitive shortcutting can distort legal decisions, and then turn my attention to G2i inferences, with a special focus on issues of intellectual disability and brain damage. I argue that judges and juries are not situated to appreciate the nuances in brain data and that they are required to make clinical decisions without clinical training. As (...)
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  10. Perinatal Brain Damage Causation.Olaf Dammann - 2007 - Developmental Neuroscience 29:280–8.
    The search for causes of perinatal brain damage needs a solid theoretical foundation. Current theory apparently does not offer a unanimously accepted view of what constitutes a cause, and how it can be identified. We discuss nine potential theoretical misconceptions: (1) too narrow a view of what is a cause (causal production vs. facilitation), (2) extrapolating from possibility to fact (potential vs. factual causation), (3) if X, then invariably Y (determinism vs. probabilism), (4) co-occurrence in individuals vs. association in (...)
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  11.  52
    To Treat or Not to Treat a Newborn Child with Severe Brain Damage? A Cross-Sectional Study of Physicians’ and the General Population’s Perceptions of Intentions.Anders Rydvall, Niklas Juth, Mikael Sandlund, Magnus Domellöf & Niels Lynøe - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (1):81-88.
    Ethical dilemmas are common in the neonatal intensive care setting. The aim of the present study was to investigate the opinions of Swedish physicians and the general public on treatment decisions regarding a newborn with severe brain damage. We used a vignette-based questionnaire which was sent to a random sample of physicians (n = 628) and the general population (n = 585). Respondents were asked to provide answers as to whether it is acceptable to discontinue ventilator treatment, and when (...)
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  12. Conversation and Brain Damage.Charles Goodwin (ed.) - 2003 - Oxford University Press USA.
    How do people with brain damage communicate? How does the partial or total loss of the ability to speak and use language fluently manifest itself in actual conversation? How are people with brain damage able to expand their cognitive ability through interaction with others - and how do these discursive activities in turn influence cognition? This groundbreaking collection of new articles examines the ways in which aphasia and other neurological deficits lead to language impairments that shape the production, (...)
     
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  13.  12
    Electroshock: Death, Brain Damage, Memory Loss, and Brainwashing.Leonard Frank - 1990 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 11 (3-4):498-512.
    Since its introduction in 1938, electroshock, or electroconvulsion therapy , has been one of psychiatry's most controversial procedures. Approximately 100,000 people in the United States undergo ECT yearly, and recent media reports indicate a resurgence of its use. Proponents claim that changes in the technology of ECT administration have greatly reduced the fears and risk formely associated with the procedure. I charge, however that ECT as routinely used today is at least as harmful overall as it was before these changes (...)
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  14.  16
    Narrating Stroke: The Life-Writing and Fiction of Brain Damage.M. Zimmermann - 2012 - Medical Humanities 38 (2):73-77.
    Cerebro-vascular events are, after neurodegenerative disorders, the most frequent cause of brain damage that leads to the patient's impaired cognitive and/or bodily functioning. While the medico-scientific discourse related to stroke suggests that patients experience a change in identity and self-concept, the present analysis focuses on the patients' personal presentation of their experience to, first, highlight their way of thinking and feeling and, second, contribute to the clinician's actual understanding of the meaning of stroke within the life of each individual. (...)
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  15. Brain Damage, Dementia, and Persistent Cognitive Dysfunction Associated with Neuroleptic Drugs: Evidence, Etiology, Implications.Peter R. Breggin - 1990 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 11 (3):4.
    Several million people are treated with neuroleptic medications in North America each year. A large percentage of these patients develop a chronic neurologic disorder-tardive dyskinesia-characterized by abnormal movements of the voluntary muscles. Most cases are permanent and there is no known treatment. Evidence has been accumulating that the neuroleptics also cause damage to the highest centers of the brain, producing chronic mental dysfunction, tardive dementia and tardive psychosis. These drug effects may be considered a mental equivalent of tardive dyskinesia. (...)
     
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  16.  23
    Double Dissociation in the Effects of Brain Damage on Working Memory.Rolf Verleger - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):758-759.
    As revealed by standard neuropsychological testing, patients with damage either to the frontal lobe or to the hippocampus suffer from distinct impairments of working memory. It is unclear how Ruchkin et al.'s model integrates the role played by the hippocampus.
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  17.  15
    The Planning–Control Model and Spatio-Motor Deficits Following Brain Damage.H. Branch Coslett & Laurel J. Buxbaum - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):31-32.
    Glover's planning–control model accommodates a substantial number of findings from subjects who have motor deficits as a consequence of brain lesions. A number of consistently observed and robust findings are not, however, explained by Glover's theory; additionally, the claim that the IPL supports planning whereas the SPL supports control is not consistently supported in the literature.
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  18.  9
    The Analytic/Holistic Distinction Applied to the Speech of Patients with Hemispheric Brain Damage.William E. Cooper - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):68-69.
  19.  33
    Brain Damage and Cognitive Dysfunction.Marlene Oscar-Berman - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):678-679.
  20.  19
    Electroshock Therapy and Brain Damage: The Acute Organic Brain Syndrome as Treatment.Peter R. Breggin - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (1):24.
  21.  9
    Neuronal Connectivity, Regional Differentiation, and Brain Damage in Humans.Dahlia W. Zaidel - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):854-855.
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  22.  10
    Possible Brain Damage by Electroconvulsive Therapy: Memory Impairment and Cultural Resistance.Arthur Cherkin - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (1):25.
  23.  8
    ECT and Brain Damage: How Much Risk is Acceptable?Donald I. Templer - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (1):39.
  24.  7
    Neglect “Around the Clock”: Dissociating Number and Spatial Neglect in Right Brain Damage.Yves Rossetti, Sophie Jacquin-Courtois, Marilena Aiello, Masami Ishihara, Claudio Brozzoli & Fabrizio Doricchi - 2011 - In Stanislas Dehaene & Elizabeth Brannon (eds.), Space, Time and Number in the Brain. Oxford University Press.
  25.  5
    Brain Damage From Spontaneous but Not From Induced Seizures in Animals.Agnete Mouritzen Dam - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (1):26.
  26.  26
    The New Wounded, From Neurosis to Brain Damage.Catherine Malabou & Steven Miller - unknown
  27.  23
    Unilateral Neglect: Clinical And Experimental Studies (Brain Damage, Behaviour and Cognition).John Marshall & Ian Robertson (eds.) - 1993 - Psychology Press.
    This book covers all aspects of the disorder, from an historical survey of research to date, through the nature and anatomical bases of neglect, and on to review contemporary theories on the subject.
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  28. Music and Emotion: Perceptual Determinants, Immediacy, and Isolation After Brain Damage.I. Peretz - 1998 - Cognition 68 (2):111-141.
  29.  24
    Visual Perception and Visual Awareness After Brain Damage: A Tutorial Overview.Martha J. Farah - 1994 - In Carlo Umilta & Morris Moscovitch (eds.), Consciousness and Unconscious Information Processing: Attention and Performance 15. MIT Press. pp. 203--236.
  30.  26
    Behavioral Evaluation of Consciousness in Severe Brain Damage.S. Majerus, H. Gill-Thwaites, Kristin Andrews & Steven Laureys - 2006 - In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.
  31.  8
    What Do Spatial Distortions in Patients’ Drawing After Right Brain Damage Teach Us About Space Representation in Art?Gilles Rode, Giuseppe Vallar, Eric Chabanat, Patrice Revol & Yves Rossetti - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  32.  13
    Hyperschematia After Right Brain Damage: A Meaningful Entity?Gilles Rode, Roberta Ronchi, Patrice Revol, Yves Rossetti, Sophie Jacquin-Courtois, Irene Rossi & Giuseppe Vallar - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  33.  16
    Dividing the Self: Distinct Neural Substrates of Task-Based and Automatic Self-Prioritization After Brain Damage.Jie Sui, Magdalena Chechlacz & Glyn W. Humphreys - 2012 - Cognition 122 (2):150-162.
  34.  6
    Rehabilitation of Executive Functioning in Patients with Frontal Lobe Brain Damage with Goal Management Training.Brian Levine, Tom A. Schweizer, Charlene O'Connor, Gary Turner, Susan Gillingham, Donald T. Stuss, Tom Manly & Ian H. Robertson - 2011 - Frontiers Human Neuroscience 5.
  35. Depth Psychological Consequences of Brain Damage.Oliver H. Turnbull & Mark Solms - 2004 - In Jaak Panksepp (ed.), Textbook of Biological Psychiatry. Wiley-Liss. pp. 571.
     
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  36.  7
    Bisecting Real and Fake Body Parts: Effects of Prism Adaptation After Right Brain Damage.Nadia Bolognini, Debora Casanova, Angelo Maravita & Giuseppe Vallar - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  37. Pathophysiology of Emotional Disorders Associated with Brain Damage.Klaus Poeck - 1969 - In P. Vinken & G. Bruyn (eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology. North Holland. pp. 3--343.
  38.  26
    Structural Brain Damage and Upper Limb Kinematics in Children with Unilateral Cerebral Palsy.Lisa Mailleux, Cristina Simon-Martinez, Katrijn Klingels, Ellen Jaspers, Kaat Desloovere, Philippe Demaerel, Simona Fiori, Andrea Guzzetta, Els Ortibus & Hilde Feys - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  39.  41
    Perception and Awareness After Brain Damage.Martha J. Farah - 1994 - Current Opinion in Neurobiology 4:252-55.
  40.  51
    Consciousness of Perception After Brain Damage.Martha J. Farah & Todd E. Feinberg - 1997 - Seminars in Neurology 17:145-52.
  41. Restoration of Higher Cortical Function Following Local Brain Damage.Aleksandr Romanovich Luria, V. L. Naydin, L. S. Tsvetkova & E. N. Vinarskaya - 1969 - In P. Vinken & G. Bruyn (eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology. North Holland. pp. 368-433.
  42.  17
    Minimal Brain Damage/Dysfunction En de Ontwikkeling van de Wetenschappelijke Kinderstudie in Nederland, Ca. 1950–1990.Nelleke Bakker - 2014 - Studium : Revue D’Histoire des Sciences Et des Universités 7 (2):82.
  43.  9
    Review of Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Ed., Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics and Law of Severe Brain Damage[REVIEW]Robin Mackenzie - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (5):4-6.
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  44.  2
    Neural Stability, Sparing, and Behavioral Recovery Following Brain Damage.T. E. LeVere - 1975 - Psychological Review 82 (5):344-358.
  45.  5
    Intertemporal Decision Making After Brain Injury: Amount-Dependent Steeper Discounting After Frontal Cortex Damage.Paweł Ostaszewski, Bartłomiej Swebodziński & Wojciech Białaszek - 2017 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 48 (4):456-463.
    Traumatic brain injuries to the frontal lobes are associated with many maladaptive forms of behavior. We investigated the association between brain damage and impulsivity, as measured by the rate of delay discounting. The main aim of this study was to test the hypothesis of steeper discounting of different amounts in a group of patients with frontal lobe damage. We used a delay discounting task in the form of a structured interview. A total of 117 participants were divided into (...)
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  46.  13
    Theory of Mind: Insights From Patients with Acquired Brain Damage.Dana Samson & Caroline Michel - 2013 - In Simon Baron-Cohen, Michael Lombardo & Helen Tager-Flusberg (eds.), Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives From Developmental Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 3--1.
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  47.  5
    Neonatal Pain: Suffering, Pain, and Risk of Brain Damage in the Fetus and Newborn Edited by Giuseppe Buonocore and Carlo V. Bellieni.Katherine Helming & Nicanor Pier Giorgio Austriaco - 2009 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 9 (4):793-795.
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  48.  6
    Brain Damage, Treatment and Recovery From.Barbara A. Wilson - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
  49.  4
    Functional Reorganization of the Large-Scale Brain Networks That Support High-Level Cognition Following Brain Damage in Aphasia.Blank Idan, Rohter Sofia, Kiran Swathi & Fedorenko Evelina - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  50. Applicability of the ACE-III and RBANS Cognitive Tests for the Detection of Alcohol-Related Brain Damage.Pamela Brown, Robert M. Heirene, Gareth-Roderique-Davies, Bev John & Jonathan J. Evans - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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