Results for '*Facial Expressions'

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  1. Facial Expressions.Paul Ekman - 1999 - In Tim Dalgleish & M. J. Powers (eds.), Handbook of Cognition and Emotion. Wiley. pp. 16--301.
  2.  37
    Facial Expressions of Emotion: Are Angry Faces Detected More Efficiently?Elaine Fox, Victoria Lester, Riccardo Russo, R. J. Bowles, Alessio Pichler & Kevin Dutton - 2000 - Cognition and Emotion 14 (1):61-92.
  3.  31
    Emotional Facial Expressions in Infancy.Linda A. Camras & Jennifer M. Shutter - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (2):120-129.
    In this article, we review empirical evidence regarding the relationship between facial expression and emotion during infancy. We focus on differential emotions theory’s view of this relationship because of its theoretical and methodological prominence. We conclude that current evidence fails to support its proposal regarding a set of pre-specified facial expressions that invariably reflect a corresponding set of discrete emotions in infants. Instead, the relationship between facial expression and emotion appears to be more complex. Some facial expressions may (...)
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  4.  31
    Facial Expression of Pain: An Evolutionary Account.Amanda C. De C. Williams - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):439-455.
    This paper proposes that human expression of pain in the presence or absence of caregivers, and the detection of pain by observers, arises from evolved propensities. The function of pain is to demand attention and prioritise escape, recovery, and healing; where others can help achieve these goals, effective communication of pain is required. Evidence is reviewed of a distinct and specific facial expression of pain from infancy to old age, consistent across stimuli, and recognizable as pain by observers. Voluntary control (...)
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  5.  12
    Facial Expressions of Basic Emotions in Japanese Laypeople.Wataru Sato, Sylwia Hyniewska, Kazusa Minemoto & Sakiko Yoshikawa - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  6. Automatic Facial Expression Recognition in Standardized and Non-Standardized Emotional Expressions.Theresa Küntzler, T. Tim A. Höfling & Georg W. Alpers - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Emotional facial expressions can inform researchers about an individual's emotional state. Recent technological advances open up new avenues to automatic Facial Expression Recognition. Based on machine learning, such technology can tremendously increase the amount of processed data. FER is now easily accessible and has been validated for the classification of standardized prototypical facial expressions. However, applicability to more naturalistic facial expressions still remains uncertain. Hence, we test and compare performance of three different FER systems with human emotion (...)
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  7.  12
    Dynamic Facial Expression of Emotion and Observer Inference.Klaus R. Scherer, Heiner Ellgring, Anja Dieckmann, Matthias Unfried & Marcello Mortillaro - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  8.  31
    Facial Expression in Nonhuman Animals.Bridget M. Waller & Jérôme Micheletta - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (1):54-59.
    Many nonhuman animals produce facial expressions which sometimes bear clear resemblance to the facial expressions seen in humans. An understanding of this evolutionary continuity between species, and how this relates to social and ecological variables, can help elucidate the meaning, function, and evolution of facial expression. This aim, however, requires researchers to overcome the theoretical and methodological differences in how human and nonhuman facial expressions are approached. Here, we review the literature relating to nonhuman facial expressions (...)
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  9.  19
    Facial Expression Megamix: Tests of Dimensional and Category Accounts of Emotion Recognition.Andrew W. Young, Duncan Rowland, Andrew J. Calder, Nancy L. Etcoff, Anil Seth & David I. Perrett - 1997 - Cognition 63 (3):271-313.
  10.  15
    Facial Expressions Allow Inference of Both Emotions and Their Components.Klaus R. Scherer & Didier Grandjean - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (5):789-801.
  11.  13
    From Facial Expressions to Bodily Gestures: Passions, Photography and Movement in French 19th-Century Sciences.Beatriz Pichel - 2016 - History of the Human Sciences 29 (1):27-48.
    This article aims to determine to what extent photographic practices in psychology, psychiatry and physiology contributed to the definition of the external bodily signs of passions and emotions in the second half of the 19th century in France. Bridging the gap between recent research in the history of emotions and photographic history, the following analyses focus on the photographic production of scientists and photographers who made significant contributions to the study of expressions and gestures, namely Duchenne de Boulogne, Charles (...)
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  12.  33
    Dynamic Facial Expressions Prime the Processing of Emotional Prosody.Patricia Garrido-Vásquez, Marc D. Pell, Silke Paulmann & Sonja A. Kotz - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  13.  44
    Coherence Between Emotion and Facial Expression: Evidence From Laboratory Experiments.Rainer Reisenzein, Markus Studtmann & Gernot Horstmann - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (1):16-23.
    Evidence on the coherence between emotion and facial expression in adults from laboratory experiments is reviewed. High coherence has been found in several studies between amusement and smiling; low to moderate coherence between other positive emotions and smiling. The available evidence for surprise and disgust suggests that these emotions are accompanied by their “traditional” facial expressions, and even components of these expressions, only in a minority of cases. Evidence concerning sadness, anger, and fear is very limited. For sadness, (...)
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  14.  6
    Facial Expression Related vMMN: Disentangling Emotional From Neutral Change Detection.Klara Kovarski, Marianne Latinus, Judith Charpentier, Helen Cléry, Sylvie Roux, Emmanuelle Houy-Durand, Agathe Saby, Frédérique Bonnet-Brilhault, Magali Batty & Marie Gomot - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  15.  13
    Inherently Ambiguous: Facial Expressions of Emotions, in Context.Ran R. Hassin, Hillel Aviezer & Shlomo Bentin - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (1):60-65.
    With a few yet increasing number of exceptions, the cognitive sciences enthusiastically endorsed the idea that there are basic facial expressions of emotions that are created by specific configurations of facial muscles. We review evidence that suggests an inherent role for context in emotion perception. Context does not merely change emotion perception at the edges; it leads to radical categorical changes. The reviewed findings suggest that configurations of facial muscles are inherently ambiguous, and they call for a different approach (...)
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  16.  48
    Children’s Interpretation of Facial Expressions: The Long Path From Valence-Based to Specific Discrete Categories.Sherri C. Widen - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (1):72-77.
    According to a common sense theory, facial expressions signal specific emotions to people of all ages and therefore provide children easy access to the emotions of those around them. The evidence, however, does not support that account. Instead, children’s understanding of facial expressions is poor and changes qualitatively and slowly over the course of development. Initially, children divide facial expressions into two simple categories (feels good, feels bad). These broad categories are then gradually differentiated until an adult (...)
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  17.  61
    The Description of Facial Expressions in Terms of Two Dimensions.Harold Schlosberg - 1952 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (4):229.
  18.  16
    Emotional Facial Expressions Differentially Influence Predictions and Performance for Face Recognition.Jason S. Nomi, Matthew G. Rhodes & Anne M. Cleary - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (1):141-149.
  19.  24
    Angry Facial Expressions Bias Gender Categorization in Children and Adults: Behavioral and Computational Evidence.Laurie Bayet, Olivier Pascalis, Paul C. Quinn, Kang Lee, ÉDouard Gentaz & James W. Tanaka - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  20.  13
    Emotional Facial Expressions and the Attentional Blink: Attenuated Blink for Angry and Happy Faces Irrespective of Social Anxiety.Peter J. de Jong, Ernst Hw Koster, Rineke van Wees & Sander Martens - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (8):1640-1652.
  21.  15
    Children Facial Expression Production: Influence of Age, Gender, Emotion Subtype, Elicitation Condition and Culture.Charline Grossard, Laurence Chaby, Stéphanie Hun, Hugues Pellerin, Jérémy Bourgeois, Arnaud Dapogny, Huaxiong Ding, Sylvie Serret, Pierre Foulon, Mohamed Chetouani, Liming Chen, Kevin Bailly, Ouriel Grynszpan & David Cohen - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  22.  60
    Functional Consequences of Perceiving Facial Expressions of Emotion Without Awareness.John D. Eastwood & Daniel Smilek - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):565-584.
    A substantial body of research has established that even when we are not consciously aware of the faces of others we are nevertheless sensitive to, and impacted by their facial expression. In this paper, we consider this body of research from a new perspective by examining the functions of unconscious perception revealed by these studies. A consideration of the literature from this perspective highlights that existing research methods are limited when it comes to revealing possible functions of unconscious perception. The (...)
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  23.  19
    Facial Expressions, Smile Types, and Self-Report During Humour, Tickle, and Pain.Christine Harris & Nancy Alvarado - 2005 - Cognition and Emotion 19 (5):655-669.
  24.  16
    Spontaneous Facial Expressions of Happy Bowlers and Soccer Fans.María-Angeles Ruiz-Belda, José-Miguel Fernández-Dols, Pilar Carrera & Kim Barchard - 2003 - Cognition and Emotion 17 (2):315-326.
  25.  14
    How Facial Expressions of Emotion Affect Distance Perception.Nam-Gyoon Kim & Heejung Son - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  26.  4
    Facial Expressions During an Extremely Intense Emotional Situation: Toreros’ Lip Funnel.José-Antonio García-Higuera, Carlos Crivelli & José-Miguel Fernández-Dols - 2015 - Social Science Information 54 (4):439-454.
    Since Darwin, emotions have been defined as adaptive reactions that increase the probability of survival. In this framework, a situation in which individuals fight for their life with an imposing, aggressive animal should be an ideal elicitor of emotions and their corresponding facial expressions. We tested the correspondence between the facial expressions of 22 bullfighters and their reported emotions at different stages of the fight. Toreros reported intense experiences of happiness or fear, but there were no observable instances (...)
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  27.  41
    Forming Facial Expressions Influences Assessment of Others' Dominance but Not Trustworthiness.Yoshiyuki Ueda, Kie Nagoya, Sakiko Yoshikawa & Michio Nomura - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  28.  18
    Caricaturing Facial Expressions.Andrew J. Calder, Duncan Rowland, Andrew W. Young, Ian Nimmo-Smith, Jill Keane & David I. Perrett - 2000 - Cognition 76 (2):105-146.
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  29.  7
    Dynamic Facial Expressions Are Processed Holistically, but Not More Holistically Than Static Facial Expressions.Alanna Tobin, Simone Favelle & Romina Palermo - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (6).
  30.  23
    On Perceiving Facial Expressions: The Role of Culture and Context.Nalini Ambady & Max Weisbuch - 2011 - In Andy Calder, Gillian Rhodes, Mark Johnson & Jim Haxby (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. Oxford University Press. pp. 479--488.
    Facial expressions have communicative properties that bear some importance to perceivers. Such expressions are informative with respect to the future behavior of the expressing individual and with respect to the conditions of the broader social environment. This article argues that appropriate responses to facial expressions are an important means by which people adapt to their social ecology. The immediate responses to facial expressions depend on contextual factors. It is more important for individuals to adapt to the (...)
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  31.  94
    Culture and Facial Expression: Open-Ended Methods Find More Expressions and a Gradient of Recognition.Jonathan Haidt & Dacher Keltner - 1999 - Cognition and Emotion 13 (3):225-266.
  32.  22
    Does Facial Identity and Facial Expression Recognition Involve Separate Visual Routes?Andy Calder - 2011 - In Andy Calder, Gillian Rhodes, Mark Johnson & Jim Haxby (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. Oxford University Press.
    This article discusses how research on the image-based analysis of facial images has informed this debate by demonstrating that a single representational system for facial identity and facial expression is not only computationally viable, but can simulate existing cognitive data demonstrating apparent dissociable processing of these two facial properties. It discusses the increasing number of cognitive studies that provide support for this view. Neuropsychological case studies of brain-injured patients and provide limited evidence for separate visual routes processing facial identity and (...)
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  33.  49
    Categorical Perception of Facial Expressions.Nancy L. Etcoff & John J. Magee - 1992 - Cognition 44 (3):227-240.
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  34.  35
    Multidimensional Scaling of Facial Expressions.Robert P. Abelson & Vello Sermat - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (6):546.
  35.  88
    The Simulation of Smiles (SIMS) Model: Embodied Simulation and the Meaning of Facial Expression.Paula M. Niedenthal, Martial Mermillod, Marcus Maringer & Ursula Hess - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (6):417.
    Recent application of theories of embodied or grounded cognition to the recognition and interpretation of facial expression of emotion has led to an explosion of research in psychology and the neurosciences. However, despite the accelerating number of reported findings, it remains unclear how the many component processes of emotion and their neural mechanisms actually support embodied simulation. Equally unclear is what triggers the use of embodied simulation versus perceptual or conceptual strategies in determining meaning. The present article integrates behavioral research (...)
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  36.  18
    About Face! Infant Facial Expression of Emotion.P. M. Cole & G. A. Moore - 2015 - Emotion Review 7 (2):116-120.
    In honoring Carroll Izard’s contributions to emotion research, we discuss infant facial activity and emotion expression. We consider the debated issue of whether infants are biologically prepared to express specific emotions. We offer a perspective that potentially integrates differing viewpoints on infant facial expression of emotion. Specifically, we suggest that evolution has prepared infants with innate action readiness patterns, which are crucial for early infant–caregiver social interaction, and in the course of social interaction specific facial configurations acquire functional significance, becoming (...)
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  37.  18
    Facial Expression at Retrieval Affects Recognition of Facial Identity.Wenfeng Chen, Chang Hong Liu, Huiyun Li, Ke Tong, Naixin Ren & Xiaolan Fu - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  38.  17
    Attentional Bias for Threatening Facial Expressions in Anxiety: Manipulation of Stimulus Duration.Brendan P. Bradley, Karin Mogg, Sara J. Falla & Lucy R. Hamilton - 1998 - Cognition and Emotion 12 (6):737-753.
  39.  52
    Neuroscience and Facial Expressions of Emotion: The Role of Amygdala–Prefrontal Interactions.Paul J. Whalen, Hannah Raila, Randi Bennett, Alison Mattek, Annemarie Brown, James Taylor, Michelle van Tieghem, Alexandra Tanner, Matthew Miner & Amy Palmer - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (1):78-83.
    The aim of this review is to show the fruitfulness of using images of facial expressions as experimental stimuli in order to study how neural systems support biologically relevant learning as it relates to social interactions. Here we consider facial expressions as naturally conditioned stimuli which, when presented in experimental paradigms, evoke activation in amygdala–prefrontal neural circuits that serve to decipher the predictive meaning of the expressions. Facial expressions offer a relatively innocuous strategy with which to (...)
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  40.  26
    Warsaw Set of Emotional Facial Expression Pictures: A Validation Study of Facial Display Photographs.Michal Olszanowski, Grzegorz Pochwatko, Krzysztof Kuklinski, Michal Scibor-Rylski, Peter Lewinski & Rafal K. Ohme - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  41.  16
    Pain Facial Expression: Individual Variability Undermines the Specific Adaptationist Account.Christine R. Harris & Nancy Alvarado - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):461-462.
    The proposal that there are specific adaptations for the expression and detection of pain appears premature on both conceptual and empirical grounds. We discuss criteria for the validation of a pain facial expression. We also describe recent findings from our lab on coping styles and pain expression, which illustrate the importance of considering individual differences when proposing evolutionary explanations.
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  42.  27
    Attentional Biases for Facial Expressions in Social Phobia: The Face-in-the-Crowd Paradigm.Eva Gilboa-Schechtman, Edna B. Foa & Nader Amir - 1999 - Cognition and Emotion 13 (3):305-318.
  43.  6
    The Child Emotion Facial Expression Set: A Database for Emotion Recognition in Children.Juliana Gioia Negrão, Ana Alexandra Caldas Osorio, Rinaldo Focaccia Siciliano, Vivian Renne Gerber Lederman, Elisa Harumi Kozasa, Maria Eloisa Famá D'Antino, Anderson Tamborim, Vitor Santos, David Leonardo Barsand de Leucas, Paulo Sergio Camargo, Daniel C. Mograbi, Tatiana Pontrelli Mecca & José Salomão Schwartzman - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: This study developed a photo and video database of 4-to-6-year-olds expressing the seven induced and posed universal emotions and a neutral expression. Children participated in photo and video sessions designed to elicit the emotions, and the resulting images were further assessed by independent judges in two rounds. Methods: In the first round, two independent judges, experts in the Facial Action Coding System, firstly analysed 3,668 emotions facial expressions stimuli from 132 children. Both judges reached 100% agreement regarding 1,985 (...)
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  44. Unconscious Facial Reactions to Emotional Facial Expressions.U. Dimberg, M. Thunberg & K. Elmehed - 2000 - Psychological Science 11 (1):86-89.
  45.  17
    Contributions of Facial Expressions and Body Language to the Rapid Perception of Dynamic Emotions.Laura Martinez, Virginia B. Falvello, Hillel Aviezer & Alexander Todorov - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (5).
  46.  14
    Generating Facial Expressions for Speech.Catherine Pelachaud, Norman I. Badler & Mark Steedman - 1996 - Cognitive Science 20 (1):1-46.
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  47.  20
    Emotional Reactions to Facial Expressions in Social Anxiety: A Meta-Analysis of Self-Reports.Yogev Kivity & Jonathan D. Huppert - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (4):367-375.
    The current meta-analysis reviews 24 studies on self-reported emotional reactions to facial expressions in socially anxious versus nonanxious individuals. We hypothesized that socially anxious individuals would perceive all face types as less approachable, more negative, and more arousing. After correcting for biases, results showed that socially anxious individuals, compared to controls, reported lower approachability to all types of expressions and higher arousal in response to neutral expressions. Variances among effects usually could not be explained by the proposed (...)
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  48.  10
    Physiological Response to Facial Expressions in Peripersonal Space Determines Interpersonal Distance in a Social Interaction Context.Alice Cartaud, Gennaro Ruggiero, Laurent Ott, Tina Iachini & Yann Coello - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  49.  9
    Facial Expressions of Emotion in Speech and Singing.Nicole Scotto di Carlo & Isabelle Guaitella - 2004 - Semiotica 2004 (149).
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  50.  8
    Brain Responses to Dynamic Facial Expressions: A Normative Meta-Analysis.Oksana Zinchenko, Zachary A. Yaple & Marie Arsalidou - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
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