Results for '11 Medical and Health Sciences'

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  1. The Use (and Misuse) of 'Cognitive Enhancers' by Students at an Academic Health Sciences Center.J. Bossaer, J. A. Gray, S. E. Miller, V. C. Gaddipati, R. E. Enck & G. G. Enck - 2013 - Academic Medicine (7):967-971.
    Purpose Prescription stimulant use as “cognitive enhancers” has been described among undergraduate college students. However, the use of prescription stimulants among future health care professionals is not well characterized. This study was designed to determine the prevalence of prescription stimulant misuse among students at an academic health sciences center. -/- Method Electronic surveys were e-mailed to 621 medical, pharmacy, and respiratory therapy students at East Tennessee State University for four consecutive weeks in fall 2011. Completing the (...)
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  2.  24
    ‘The Medical’ and ‘Health’ in a Critical Medical Humanities.Sarah Atkinson, Bethan Evans, Angela Woods & Robin Kearns - 2015 - Journal of Medical Humanities 36 (1):71-81.
    As befits an emerging field of enquiry, there is on-going discussion about the scope, role and future of the medical humanities. One relatively recent contribution to this debate proposes a differentiation of the field into two distinct terrains, ‘medical humanities’ and ‘health humanities,’ and calls for a supersession of the former by the latter. In this paper, we revisit the conceptual underpinnings for a distinction between ‘the medical’ and ‘health’ by looking at the history of (...)
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  3.  2
    Perceptions of Challenges Affecting Research Ethics Committees’ Members at Medical and Health Science Colleges in Omani and Jordanian Universities.Omar Al Omari, Atika Khalaf, Wael Al Delaimy, Mohammad Al Qadire, Moawiah M. Khatatbeh & Imad Thultheen - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-15.
    In recent years there has been an increase in research conducted in the Middle East, with a corresponding increase in the challenges faced by members of the Research Ethics Committees. This study compares the structures of Omani and Jordanian RECs and investigates the perceptions of the challenges affecting the work of the REC members in Oman and Jordan. A convenience sample of 34 Omani and 66 Jordanian participants from 21 universities was recruited in this cross-sectional study. Almost 70% disagreed that (...)
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  4.  70
    A Theory of Health Science and the Healing Arts Based on the Philosophy of Bernard Lonergan.Patrick R. Daly - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (2):147-160.
    This paper represents a preliminary investigation relating Bernard Lonergan’s thought to health science and the healing arts. First, I provide background for basic elements of Lonergan’s theoretical terminology that I employ. As inquiry is the engine of Lonergan’s method, next I specify two questions that underlie medical insights and define several terms, including health, disease, and illness, in relation to these questions. Then I expand the frame of reference to include all disciplines involved in the cycle of (...)
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  5.  92
    Health, Science, and Ordinary Language.Lennart Nordenfelt (ed.) - 2001 - Rodopi.
    One INTRODUCTION 1. Background The theory of the nature of health and disease, or of the concepts of health and disease, has been central in modem ...
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  6.  18
    Changes in Medical Student Attitudes as They Progress Through a Medical Course.J. Price, D. Price, G. Williams & R. Hoffenberg - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (2):110-117.
    Objectives - To explore the wvay ethical principles develop during a medical education course for three groups of medical students - in their first year, at the beginning of their penultimate (fifth) year and towards the end of their final (sixth) year. Design - Survey questionnaire administered to medical students in their first, fifth and final (sixth) year. Setting - A large medical school in Queensland, Australia. Survey sample - Approximately half the students in each of (...)
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  7.  8
    Disease Costs and the Allocation of Health Resources.Wayne Hall - 1987 - Bioethics 1 (3):211–225.
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  8.  6
    Science, Technology, and Human Health: The Value of STS in Medical and Health Humanities Pedagogy.Julia Knopes - 2019 - Journal of Medical Humanities 40 (4):461-471.
    As the number of medical and health humanities degree programs in the United States rapidly increases, it is especially timely to consider the range of specific disciplinary perspectives that might benefit students enrolled in these programs. This paper discusses the inclusion of one such perspective from the field of Science and Technology Studies The author asserts that STS benefits students in the medical and health humanities in four particular ways, by: challenging the “progress narrative” around the (...)
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  9.  12
    The Ethical Dimensions of the Biological and Health Sciences.Ruth Ellen Bulger, Elizabeth Heitman & Stanley Joel Reiser (eds.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is the second edition of a highly successful and well-received textbook on the responsible conduct of biomedical and health science research. It is aimed at faculty and graduate students in health science and biomedical science programs. In addition those on National Institute of Health research grants, administrators at universities, academic health centers, and medical and graduate schools will find the book a useful resource. The structure of the book remains the same as the first (...)
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  10.  19
    Bette Anton, MLS, is Head Librarian of the Pamela and Kenneth Fong Optometry and Health Sciences Library. This Library Serves the University of California, Berkeley–University of California, San Francisco Joint Medical Pro-Gram and the University of California, Berkeley School of Optometry.Richard E. Champlin, Ka Wah Chan, Leonard M. Fleck, John Harris, Matti Häyry, Søren Holm, Kenneth V. Iserson, Lynn A. Jansen & Martin Korbling - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13:117-118.
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  11.  15
    Bette Anton, MLS, is the Head Librarian of the Pamela & Kenneth Fong Optometry and Health Sciences Library. This Library Serves the University of California, Berkeley–University of California, San Francisco Joint Medical Pro-Gram and the University of California, Berkeley School of Optometry.Eva Bading, Carol Bayley, Kate T. Christensen & Julia E. Connelly - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12:141-143.
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  12.  19
    Bette Anton, MLS, is Head Librarian of the Pamela and Kenneth Fong Optometry and Health Sciences Library. This Library Serves the University of California, Berkeley–University of California, San Francisco Joint Medical Pro-Gram and the University of California, Berkeley, School of Optometry. Richard E. Ashcroft, Ph. D., is Leverhulme Senior Lecturer in Medical Ethics At. [REVIEW]Robert V. Brody, Chalmers C. Clark, Michael L. Gross, Heta Aleksandra Gylling, John Harris, Matti Häyry & Susan E. Herz - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13:1-2.
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  13.  8
    “It’s All About Delivery”: Researchers and Health Professionals’ Views on the Moral Challenges of Accessing Neurobiological Information in the Context of Psychosis.Paolo Corsico - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-15.
    Background The convergence of neuroscience, genomics, and data science holds promise to unveil the neurobiology of psychosis and to produce new ways of preventing, diagnosing, and treating psychotic illness. Yet, moral challenges arise in neurobiological research and in the clinical translation of research findings. This article investigates the views of relevant actors in mental health on the moral challenges of accessing neurobiological information in the context of psychosis. Methods Semi-structured individual interviews with two groups: researchers employed in the National (...)
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  14.  34
    Ethical Concerns in the Community About Technologies to Extend Human Life Span.Brad Partridge, Mair Underwood, Jayne Lucke, Helen Bartlett & Wayne Hall - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (12):68-76.
    Debates about the ethical and social implications of research that aims to extend human longevity by intervening in the ageing process have paid little attention to the attitudes of members of the general public. In the absence of empirical evidence, conflicting assumptions have been made about likely public attitudes towards life-extension. In light of recent calls for greater public involvement in such discussions, this target article presents findings from focus groups and individual interviews which investigated whether members of the general (...)
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  15.  6
    Mutations in Soviet Public Health Science: Post-Lysenko Medical Genetics, 1969–1991.Susanne Bauer - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 47:163-172.
  16.  8
    Medical Humanities — Arts and Humanistic Science.Rolf Ahlzén - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (4):385-393.
    The nature and scope of medical humanities are under debate. Some regard this field as consisting of those parts of the humanistic sciences that enhance our understanding of clinical practice and of medicine as historical phenomenon. In this article it is argued that aesthetic experience is as crucial to this project as are humanistic studies. To rightly understand what medicine is about we need to acknowledge the equal importance of two modes of understanding, intertwined and mutually reinforcing: the (...)
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  17.  21
    Causality, Mosaics, and the Health Sciences.Olaf Dammann - 2016 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (2):161-168.
    Thinking about illness causation has a long and rich history in medicine. After a hiatus in the 1990s, the last one-and-a-half decades have seen a surge of publications on causality in the biomedical sciences. Interestingly, this surge is visible not only in the medical, epidemiological, bioinformatics, and public health literatures, but also among philosophical publications. In this essay, I review and discuss one most recent addition to the literature, "Causality: Philosophical Theory Meets Scientific Practice" written by philosophers (...)
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  18.  59
    Responding to Allegations of Scientific Misconduct: The Procedure at the French National Medical and Health Research Institute.Jean-Philippe Breittmayer, Martine Bungener, Hugues De The, Evelyne Eschwege, Michel Fougereau, Gilles Guedj, Claude Kordon, Olivier Philippe, Maric-Catherine Postel-Vinay & Laurence Schaffar-Esterle - 2000 - Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (1):41-48.
    Institutions in France are not yet well prepared to respond to allegations of scientific misconduct. Following a serious allegation in late 1997. INSERM,* the primary organization for medical and health-related research in France, began to reflect on this subject, aided by scientists and jurists. The conclusions have resulted in establishing a procedure to be followed in cases of alleged misconduct, and also in reinforcing the application of good laboratory practices within each laboratory. Guidelines for authorship practices and scientific (...)
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  19. Volume 3: Health Sciences Libraries, Including All Aspects of Basic and Applied Medical Sciences.[author unknown] - unknown
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  20. Reporting Ethical Approval in Health and Social Science Articles: An Audit of Adherence to GDPR and National Legislation.Kerstin Hulter Åsberg & Kjell Asplund - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-8.
    BackgroundPrevious studies have indicated that failure to report ethical approval is common in health science articles. In social sciences, the occurrence is unknown. The Swedish Ethics Review Act requests that sensitive personal data, in accordance with the EU General Data Protection Regulation, should undergo independent ethical review, irrespective of academic discipline. We have explored the adherence to this regulation. MethodsUsing the Web of Science databases, we reviewed 600 consecutive articles from three domains based on identifiable personal data published (...)
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  21.  9
    Critical Orientations for Humanising Health Sciences Education in South Africa.Michelle Pentecost, Berna Gerber, Megan Wainwright & Thomas Cousins - 2018 - Medical Humanities 44 (4):221-229.
    In this article, the authors make a case for the ’humanisation' and ’decolonisation' of health sciences curricula in South Africa, usingintegrationas a guiding framework.Integrationrefers to an education that is built on a consolidated conceptual framework that includes and equally values the natural or biomedical sciences as well as the humanities, arts and social sciences, respecting that all of this knowledge has value for the practice of healthcare. An integrated curriculum goes beyond add-on or elective courses in (...)
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  22.  9
    Walking Up Hills, Through History and in-Between Disciplines: MHH and Health Sciences Education at the Tip of Africa.Carla Tsampiras - 2018 - Medical Humanities 44 (4):270-280.
    Celebration, frustration, contestation and imagination all manifest themselves when examining the evolution of the field of Medical and Health Humanities at the University of Cape Town. That this field has been growing at the same time as access to, inclusion in, and social justice issues linked to higher education have come under the spotlight has the potential to shape how we think and plan for the future of the field. Doing this will require treks up hills, journeys through (...)
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  23.  29
    Evidence and the Assessment of Causal Relations in the Health Sciences.Raffaella Campaner & Maria Carla Galavotti - 2012 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (1):27 - 45.
    This contribution claims that the two fundamental notions of causation at work in the health sciences are manipulative and mechanistic, and investigates what kinds of evidence matter for the assessment of causal relations. This article is a development of our 2007 article, ?Plurality of Causality?, where we argue for a pluralistic account of causation with an eye to econometrics and a single medical example. The present contribution has a wider focus, and considers the notion of evidence within (...)
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  24.  21
    Reductionist and Antireductionist Stances in the Health Sciences.Raffaella Campaner - 2010 - In F. Stadler, D. Dieks, W. Gonzales, S. Hartmann, T. Uebel & M. Weber (eds.), The Present Situation in the Philosophy of Science. Springer. pp. 205–218.
    Reductionism and antireductionism are among the most largely and hotly debated topics in philosophy of biology today. In this section of the volume, aiming to convey the current situation in the philosophy of the natural and life sciences, these topics are specifically addressed in Mehmet Elgin’s paper, focusing on biochemistry. Elgin strongly supports reductionism, first by claiming that the now classical argument based on multiple realizability does not entail anti-reductionism and secondly highlighting how the version of methodological reductionism that (...)
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  25. A Dialogical Exploration of the Grey Zone of Health and Illness: Medical Science, Anthropology, and Plato on Alcohol Consumption.Kieran Bonner - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (2):81-103.
    This paper takes a phenomenological hermeneutic orientation to explicate and explore the notion of the grey zone of health and illness and seeks to develop the concept through an examination of the case of alcohol consumption. The grey zone is an interpretive area referring to the irremediable zone of ambiguity that haunts even the most apparently resolute discourse. This idea points to an ontological indeterminacy, in the face of which decisions have to be made with regard to the (...) of a person (e.g., an alcoholic), a system (e.g., the health system), or a society. The fundamental character of this notion will be developed in relation to the discourse on health and the limitations of different disciplinary practices. The case of alcohol consumption will be used to tease out the grey zone embedded in the different kinds of knowledge made available through the disciplinary traditions of medical science, with its emphasis on somatic well-being, and anthropology, with its focus on communal well-being. This tension or grey zone embedded in different knowledge outcomes will be shown to have a discursive parallel with the dialogue between the Athenian, the Spartan, and the Cretan in Plato’s Laws. Making use of the dialogical approach as described by Gadamer, the Athenian’s particular resolution of the tension will be explored as a case study to demonstrate the necessarily particular analysis involved in a grey zone resolution. (shrink)
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  26.  30
    The 9th Annual INDUS-EM 2013 Emergency Medicine Summit, “Principles, Practices, and Patients,” a Level One International Meeting, Kerala University of Health Sciences and Jubilee Mission Medical College and Research Institute, Thrissur, Kerala, India, October 23–27, 2013. [REVIEW]Mamta Swaroop, Sagar C. Galwankar, Stanislaw P. A. Stawicki, Jayaraj M. Balakrishnan, Tamara Worlton, Ravi S. Tripathi, David P. Bahner, Sanjeev Bhoi, Colin Kaide & Thomas J. Papadimos - 2014 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 9:8.
    INDUS-EM is India’s only level one conference imparting and exchanging quality knowledge in acute care. Specifically, in general and specialized emergency care and training in trauma, burns, cardiac, stroke, environmental and disaster medicine. It provides a series of exchanges regarding academic development and implementation of training tools related to developing future academic faculty and residents in Emergency Medicine in India. The INDUS-EM leadership and board of directors invited scholars from multiple institutions to participate in this advanced educational symposium that was (...)
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  27.  11
    Bette Anton, MLS, is the Head Librarian of the Optometry Library/Health Sciences Information Service. This Library Serves the University of California at Berkeley–University of California at San Francisco Joint Medical Program and the University of California at Berkeley School of Optometry. Robert Baker, Ph. D., is Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Center For. [REVIEW]Jack Coulehan, John B. Davis, Joseph C. D’Oronzio, Steve Heilig, D. Micah Hester, Kenneth V. Iserson & Greg Loeben - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11:327-328.
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  28.  9
    Bette Anton, MLS, is the Head Librarian of the Optometry Library/Health Sciences Information Service. This Library Serves the University of California at Berkeley–University of California at San Francisco Joint Medical Program and the University of California at Berkeley School of Optometry.Solomon R. Benatar, Susan S. Braithwaite, Alexander Morgan Capron, Ruth Chadwick, Joseph C. D’Oronzio, Susan Dorr Goold, Kenneth V. Iserson, Roger L. Jackson & Greg S. Loeben - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9:446-447.
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  29.  13
    George J. Agich, Ph. D., is the FJ O'Neil Chair in the Department of Bioethics, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio. Bette Anton, MLS, is the Head Librarian of the Optometry Library/Health Sciences Information Service. This Library Serves the University of California at Berkeley–University of California at San Francisco Joint Medical Program And. [REVIEW]Norman L. Cantor, Ann Freeman Cook, Linda L. Emanuel, Colin Gavaghan, Katarina Guttmannova, Carlton Hegwood Jr & Helena Hoas - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9:147-149.
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  30.  6
    Bette Anton, MLS, is the Head Librarian of the Optometry Library/Health Sciences Information Service. This Library Serves the University of California at Berkeley–University of California at San Francisco Joint Medical Program and the University of California at Berkeley School of Optometry.David A. Asch, Jeffrey R. Botkin, Katrina A. Bramstedt, Arthur L. Caplan, H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr, D. Micah Hester, Kenneth V. Iserson & Mark G. Kuczewski - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11:4-5.
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  31.  14
    Bette Anton, MLS, is the Head Librarian of the Optometry Library/Health Sciences Information Service. This Library Serves the University of California at Berkeley–University of California at San Francisco Joint Medical Program and the University of California at Berkeley School of Optometry.Stanley P. Azen, Leslie J. Blackhall, Katherine H. Brown, Carole H. Browner, Russell Burck, Jean E. Chambers, Gelya Frank, Walter Glannon & Amnon Goldworth - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11:114-115.
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  32.  15
    Bette Anton, MLS, is the Head Librarian of the Optometry Library/Health Sciences Information Service. This Library Serves the University of California at Berkeley–University of California at San Francisco Joint Medical Program and the University of California at Berkeley School of Optometry.Howard Brody, Michele A. Carter, Kevin C. Chung & Joshua Cohen - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9:305-307.
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  33.  67
    Ignatius of Loyola On Medical Education. Or: Should Todays Jesuits Continue To Run Health Sciences Schools?Jos V. M. Welie - 2003 - Early Science and Medicine 8 (1):26-43.
    There are at present 28 Jesuit colleges and universities in the United States, which together offer more than 50 health sciences degree programs. But as the Society's membership is shrinking and the financial risks involved in sponsoring health sciences education are rising, the question arises whether the Society should continue to sponsor health sciences degree programs. In fact, at least eight Jesuit health sciences schools have already closed their doors. This paper attempts (...)
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  34.  7
    Response: Professional Justice?: Ethics and Empathy.Margaret Kay - 2008 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (4):319-320.
  35.  12
    Dimensions of Health and Health Promotion.Lennart Nordenfelt & Per-Erik Liss (eds.) - 2003 - Rodopi.
    This book contains scholarly contributions to several current debates in the philosophy of medicine and health care regarding the nature of health and health promotion, concepts and measurements of mental illness, phenomenological conceptions of health and illness, allocation of health care resources, criteria for proper medical science, the clinical meeting, and ethical constraints in such a meeting.With one exception, the authors in this book are or have been teachers or graduate students at the interdisciplinary (...)
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  36.  32
    Passing the Buck: How the Academy of Medical Sciences's 'New Pathway for the Regulation and Governance of Health Research' Shifts the Regulatory Burden but Fails to Improve the Quality of Research Governance.Christopher Roy-Toole - 2011 - Research Ethics 7 (3):82-90.
    In this paper the author argues that the Academy of Medical Sciences's ‘Review of the regulation and governance of medical research’ has produced a set of muddled recommendations that could increase complexity and uncertainty in research governance rather than reduce it. Issues discussed in the paper include the additional legal burden placed upon the newly proposed Health Research Agency by the plan for a National Research Governance Service and its system of centralized permissions, the consequences that (...)
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  37. Philosophy, Ethics, Medicine and Health Care: The Urgent Need for Critical Practice.Michael Loughlin, Ross E. G. Upshur, Maya J. Goldenberg, Robyn Bluhm & Kirstin Borgerson - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):249-259.
  38.  2
    A Scoping Review of the Literature Featuring Research Ethics and Research Integrity Cases.Péter Kakuk, Soren Holm, János Kristóf Bodnár, Mohammad Hosseini, Jonathan Lewis, Bert Gordijn & Anna Catharina Vieira Armond - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-14.
    BackgroundThe areas of Research Ethics and Research Integrity are rapidly evolving. Cases of research misconduct, other transgressions related to RE and RI, and forms of ethically questionable behaviors have been frequently published. The objective of this scoping review was to collect RE and RI cases, analyze their main characteristics, and discuss how these cases are represented in the scientific literature.MethodsThe search included cases involving a violation of, or misbehavior, poor judgment, or detrimental research practice in relation to a normative framework. (...)
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  39.  13
    The Tasks of Medicine: An Ideology of Care; Edited by Peter Baume.Malcolm Parker - 1999 - Bioethics 13 (2):178-180.
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  40. Evaluation and Explanation in the Biomedical Sciences: Proceedings of the First Trans-Disciplinary Symposium on Philosophy and Medicine, Held at Galveston, May 9-11, 1974. [REVIEW]H. Tristram Engelhardt & Stuart F. Spicker (eds.) - 1975 - D. Reidel Pub. Co..
     
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  41.  66
    The Obesity Epidemic: Medical and Ethical Considerations. [REVIEW]Jantina de Vries - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (1):55-67.
    Obesity is increasingly becoming a problem for Western societies, to the extent that politicians, scientists, patient organisations and the media now refer to it as ‘the obesity epidemic’. Concerns about the damaging effect of increasing body weight on public health has led to a strong growth in the amount of scientific work on the condition, with the medical professions leading the way. This article discusses that, first of all, scientific evidence for obesity-associated mortality is at best ambiguous, and (...)
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  42.  26
    The Obesity Epidemic: Medical and Ethical Considerations. [REVIEW]Jantina Vries - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (1):55-67.
    Obesity is increasingly becoming a problem for Western societies, to the extent that politicians, scientists, patient organisations and the media now refer to it as ‘the obesity epidemic’. Concerns about the damaging effect of increasing body weight on public health has led to a strong growth in the amount of scientific work on the condition, with the medical professions leading the way. This article discusses that, first of all, scientific evidence for obesity-associated mortality is at best ambiguous, and (...)
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  43.  48
    The Medical Theory of Richard Koch I: Theory of Science and Ethics. [REVIEW]F. Töpfer & U. Wiesing - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (2):207-219.
    Richard Koch first made his appearance in the 1920s with works published on the foundations of medicine. These publications describe the character of medicine as an action and the status of medicine within the theory of science. One of his conclusions is that medicine is not a science in the original sense of the word, but a practical discipline. It serves a practical purpose: to heal the sick. All medical knowledge is oriented towards this purpose, which also defines the (...)
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  44. Maternal Education and the Multidimensionality of Child Health Outcomes in India.Kriti Vikram & Reeve Vanneman - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (1):57-77.
    Maternal education plays a central role in children’s health, but there has been little research comparing the role of maternal education across health outcomes. It is important to distinguish child health outcomes from medical care outcomes. Health outcomes such as short-term morbidity and stunting are multifactorial in origin and determined by a range of factors not necessarily under a mother’s control. Mother’s education, given the necessary structural factors such as medical centres, is likely to (...)
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  45.  9
    Developing and Evaluating an Innovative Structural Competency Curriculum for Pre-Health Students.JuLeigh Petty, Jonathan M. Metzl & Mia R. Keeys - 2017 - Journal of Medical Humanities 38 (4):459-471.
    The inclusion of structural competency training in pre-health undergraduate programs may offer significant benefits to future healthcare professionals. This paper presents the results of a comparative study of an interdisciplinary pre-health curriculum based in structural competency with a traditional premedical curriculum. The authors describe a new evaluation tool, the Structural Foundations of Health Survey ©, developed to evaluate structural skills and sensibilities. The authors use the survey to evaluate two groups of graduating seniors at Vanderbilt University—majors in (...)
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  46.  30
    Health, Luck, and Justice.Shlomi Segall - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    Health, Luck, and Justice is the first attempt to systematically apply luck egalitarianism to the just distribution of health and health care.
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  47.  35
    Medical Need and Justice in Health Care — European Perspectives: Third European Workshop des Zentrums Für Gesundheitsethik an der Evangelischen Akademie Loccum, 19.—21.11.2004.Oliver Rauprich - 2005 - Ethik in der Medizin 17 (1):68-72.
  48.  59
    On Evidence, Medical and Legal.Donald W. Miller & Clifford Miller - 2005 - Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons 10 (3):70-75.
    Medicine, like law, is a pragmatic, probabilistic activity. Both require that decisions be made on the basis of available evidence, within a limited time. In contrast to law, medicine, particularly evidence-based medicine as it is currently practiced, aspires to a scientific standard of proof, one that is more certain than the standards of proof courts apply in civil and criminal proceedings. But medicine, as Dr. William Osler put it, is an "art of probabilities," or at best, a "science of uncertainty." (...)
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  49.  90
    Explanatory Pluralism in the Medical Sciences: Theory and Practice.Leen De Vreese, Erik Weber & Jeroen Van Bouwel - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (5):371-390.
    Explanatory pluralism is the view that the best form and level of explanation depends on the kind of question one seeks to answer by the explanation, and that in order to answer all questions in the best way possible, we need more than one form and level of explanation. In the first part of this article, we argue that explanatory pluralism holds for the medical sciences, at least in theory. However, in the second part of the article we (...)
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    Steve Biko, Medical Student Leader of the South African “Black Con-Sciousness Movement,” Was Arrested on August 6, 1977, and Died on September 11 as a Result of Police Beatings. Biko Was Seen by Two Dis-Trict Surgeons Who Were Later Accused of Failing to Render Adequate Atten-Tion. At the Time These Doctors Were Defended by the Medical Association of South Africa and the South African Medical and Dental Council. One of the Two Continued to Practice as a District Surgeon in the Port Eliza-Beth Region ... [REVIEW]Wendy Orr - 2008 - In Neil Arya & Joanna Santa Barbara (eds.), Peace Through Health: How Health Professionals Can Work for a Less Violent World. Kumarian Press. pp. 1111.
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