Results for 'A. Ben Abdellah'

993 found
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  1.  21
    Resistivity and Thermoelectric Power of Molten Aluminium: Experiment and Theory.A. Ben Abdellah, J. G. Gasser * & B. Grosdidier - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (18):1949-1966.
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  2.  9
    Electrical Resistivity of Alkali Metals: Inflation–Deflation Effect of Fermi Surface.A. Ben Abdellah, K. Bouziane, S. M. Mujibur Rahman, B. Grosdidier & J. G. Gasser - 2009 - Philosophical Magazine 89 (10):885-893.
  3.  11
    Spin Treatment-Based Approach for Electronic Transport in Paramagnetic Liquid Transition Metals.B. Grosdidier, A. Ben Abdellah, K. Bouziane, S. M. Mujibur Rahman & J. G. Gasser - 2013 - Philosophical Magazine 93 (26):3576-3588.
  4.  5
    Structure of Liquid Bismuth Calculated From Pseudo-Potentials and Molecular Dynamics.D. Es Sbihi, B. Grosdidier, A. Ben Abdellah & J. G. Gasser - 2010 - Philosophical Magazine 90 (11):1511-1523.
  5.  82
    Ethical Decision-Making Differences Between American and Moroccan Managers.A. Ben Oumlil & Joseph L. Balloun - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (4):457-478.
    Our research’s aim is to assess the effect of cultural factors on business ethical decision-making process in a Western cultural context and in a non-Western cultural context. Specifically, this study investigates ethical perceptions, religiosity, personal moral philosophies, corporate ethical values, gender, and ethical intentions of U.S. and Moroccan business managers. The findings demonstrate that significant differences do exist between the two countries in idealism and relativism. Moroccan managers tend to be more idealistic than the U.S. managers. There is a strong (...)
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  6.  5
    Long-Term Evaluation of a Social Robot in Real Homes.Maartje M. A. de Graaf, Somaya Ben Allouch & Jan A. G. M. van Dijk - 2016 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 17 (3):461-490.
    This study aims to contribute to emerging human-robot interaction research by adding longitudinal findings to a limited number of long-term social robotics home studies. We placed 70 robots in users’ homes for a period of up to six months, and used questionnaires and interviews to collect data at six points during this period. Results indicate that users’ evaluations of the robot dropped initially, but later rose after the robot had been used for a longer period of time. This is congruent (...)
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  7.  26
    Postmodern Personhood: A Matter of Consciousness.Ben A. Rich - 1997 - Bioethics 11 (3-4):206-216.
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  8. On the Role of Theory in Behavior Analysis.Ben A. Williams - 1986 - Behaviorism 14 (2):11-24.
    Several recent writers have argued that the rejection of hypothetical constructs is one of the defining features of radical behaviorism. The present discussion argues that this claim is ill-founded and based on an erroneous distinction regarding different kinds of theoretical constructs. All constructs, including those commonly employed by behavior analysts, are argued to be inherently hypothetical, because they provide a causal basis for extending empirical findings to new sets of variables. Moreover, the constructs employed by radical behaviorists are not qualitatively (...)
     
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  9. A Defence of Weighted Lotteries in Life Saving Cases.Ben Saunders - 2009 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12 (3):279-290.
    The three most common responses to Taurek’s ‘numbers problem’ are saving the greater number, equal chance lotteries and weighted lotteries. Weighted lotteries have perhaps received the least support, having been criticized by Scanlon What We Owe to Each Other ( 1998 ) and Hirose ‘Fairness in Life and Death Cases’ ( 2007 ). This article considers these objections in turn, and argues that they do not succeed in refuting the fairness of a weighted lottery, which remains a potential solution to (...)
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  10.  17
    Aesopica. A Series of Texts Relating to Aesop or Ascribed to Him or Closely Connected with the Literary Tradition That Bears His Name, Collected and Critically Edited with a Commentary and Historical Essay by Ben Edwin Perry. Volume I: Greek and Latin Texts. Pp. Xxiii + 765. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1952. Cloth, $15. [REVIEW]H. Ll Hudson-Williams & Ben Edwin Perry - 1953 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 73:163-163.
  11.  71
    A Causal Understanding of When and When Not to Jeffrey Conditionalize.Ben Schwan & Reuben Stern - 2017 - Philosophers' Imprint 17.
    There are cases of ineffable learning — i. e., cases where an agent learns something, but becomes certain of nothing that she can express — where it is rational to update by Jeffrey conditionalization. But there are likewise cases of ineffable learning where updating by Jeffrey conditionalization is irrational. In this paper, we first characterize a novel class of cases where it is irrational to update by Jeffrey conditionalization. Then we use the d-separation criterion to develop a causal understanding of (...)
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  12.  46
    Defining and Delineating a Duty to Prognosticate.Ben A. Rich - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (3):177-192.
    Prognostication, the process offormulating and communicating a prognosis, isno longer considered by most physicians to bean essential task in caring for patients withserious illness. Because of this fact, it isnot surprising to find that when physiciansattempt to engage in prognostication, they doit poorly. What may be surprising to thoseoutside the medical community is the extent towhich professional norms have developed whichactively discourage physicians from engaging inprognostication. This article explores thecauses of this state of affairs and thejustifications offered for it. The (...)
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  13.  14
    In Defense of a Self-Disciplined, Domain-Specific Social Contract Theory of Business Ethics.Ben Wempe - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (1):113-135.
    This article sets out two central theses. Both theses primarily involve a fundamental criticism of current contractarian business ethics(CBE), but if these can be sustained, they also constitute two boundary conditions for any future contractarian theory of business ethics. The first, which I label the self-discipline thesis, claims that current CBE would gain considerably in focus if more attention were paid to the logic of the social contract argument. By this I mean the aims set by the theorist and method (...)
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  14.  99
    Does Participation Matter? An Inconsistency in Parfit's Moral Mathematics: Ben Eggleston.Ben Eggleston - 2003 - Utilitas 15 (1):92-105.
    Consequentialists typically think that the moral quality of one's conduct depends on the difference one makes. But consequentialists may also think that even if one is not making a difference, the moral quality of one's conduct can still be affected by whether one is participating in an endeavour that does make a difference. Derek Parfit discusses this issue – the moral significance of what I call ‘participation’ – in the chapter of Reasons and Persons that he devotes to what he (...)
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  15.  46
    A Further Defence of the Right Not to Vote.Ben Saunders - 2018 - Res Publica 24 (1):93-108.
    Opponents of compulsory voting often allege that it violates a ‘right not to vote’. This paper seeks to clarify and defend such a right against its critics. First, I propose that this right must be understood as a Hohfeldian claim against being compelled to vote, rather than as a mere privilege to abstain. So construed, the right not to vote is compatible with a duty to vote, so arguments for a duty to vote do not refute the existence of such (...)
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  16.  10
    A Comparative History of World Philosophy: From the Upanishads to Kant.Ben-Ami Scharfstein - 1998 - State University of New York Press.
    Breaks through the cultural barriers between Western, Indian, and Chinese philosophy and demonstrates that despite considerable differences between these three great philosophical traditions, there are fundamental resemblances in their abstract principles.
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  17.  23
    Biased Belief in the Bayesian Brain: A Deeper Look at the Evidence.Ben M. Tappin & Stephen Gadsby - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 68:107-114.
  18.  7
    Distinguishing Minimal Consciousness From Decisional Capacity: Clinical, Ethical, and Legal Implications.Ben A. Rich - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 4 (1):56-57.
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  19.  36
    Causation and Intent: Persistent Conundrums in End-of-Life Care.Ben A. Rich - 2007 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (1):63-73.
    In a recent special supplement to the Hastings Center Report entitled “Improving End-of-Life Care—Why Has It Been So Difficult?” Robert Burt wrote the following in an essay ominously entitled “The End of Autonomy”: No one should be socially authorized to engage in conduct that directly, purposefully, and unambiguously inflicts death, whether on another person or on oneself. Decisions that indirectly lead to death should be acted upon only after a consensus is reached among many people. No single individual should be (...)
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  20.  90
    A Study of Management Perceptions of the Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on Organisational Performance in Emerging Economies: The Case of Dubai.Belaid Rettab, Anis Ben Brik & Kamel Mellahi - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (3):371-390.
    Although a number of studies have shown that corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities often lead to greater organisational performance in western developed economies, researchers are yet to examine the strategic value of CSR in emerging economies. Using survey data from 280 firms operating in Dubai, this study examines the link between CSR activities and organisational performance. The results show that CSR has a positive relationship with all three measures of organisational performance: financial performance, employee commitment, and corporate reputation. These results (...)
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  21.  60
    Unconscious Influences on Decision Making: A Critical Review.Ben R. Newell & David R. Shanks - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2):1-19.
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  22. Can We Interpret Kant as a Compatibilist About Determinism and Moral Responsibility?Ben Vilhauer - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 12 (4):719 – 730.
    In this paper, I discuss Hud Hudson's compatibilistic interpretation of Kant's theory of free will, which is based on Davidson's anomalous monism. I sketch an alternative interpretation of my own, an incompatibilistic interpretation according to which agents qua noumena are responsible for the particular causal laws which determine the actions of agents qua phenomena. Hudson's interpretation should be attractive to philosophers who value Kant's epistemology and ethics, but insist on a deflationary reading of things in themselves. It is in an (...)
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  23.  20
    Suicidality, Refractory Suffering, and the Right to Choose Death.Ben A. Rich - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (3):18 - 20.
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  24.  53
    Does Appearance Matter in the Interaction of Children with Autism with a Humanoid Robot?Ben Robins, Kerstin Dautenhahn & Janek Dubowski - 2006 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 7 (3):479-512.
    This article studies the impact of a robot’s appearance on interactions involving four children with autism. This work is part of the Aurora project with the overall aim to support interaction skills in children with autism, using robots as ‘interactive toys’ that can encourage and mediate interactions. We follow an approach commonly adopted in assistive robotics and work with a small group of children with autism. This article investigates which robot appearances are suitable to encourage interactions between a robot and (...)
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  25.  30
    Robot-Mediated Joint Attention in Children with Autism: A Case Study in Robot-Human Interaction.Ben Robins, Paul Dickerson, Penny Stribling & Kerstin Dautenhahn - 2004 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 5 (2):161-198.
    Interactive robots are used increasingly not only in entertainment and service robotics, but also in rehabilitation, therapy and education. The work presented in this paper is part of the Aurora project, rooted in assistive technology and robot-human interaction research. Our primary aim is to study if robots can potentially be used as therapeutically or educationally useful ‘toys’. In this paper we outline the aims of the project that this study belongs to, as well as the specific qualitative contextual perspective that (...)
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  26. Ben Abadiano Photographs.Ben Abadiano - 2008 - Budhi: A Journal of Ideas and Culture 12 (2).
     
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  27.  39
    Prognosis Terminal: Truth-Telling in the Context of End-of-Life Care.Ben A. Rich - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (2):209-219.
    Recent contributions to the medical literature have raised yet again the issue of whether the term “terminal” is an intelligible one and whether there is a consensus view of its meaning that is sufficient to justify or even require its use in discussing end-of-life care and treatment options with patients. Following a review of the history and development of informed consent, persistent problems with the communication of prognosis and the breaking of bad news are analyzed. The author argues that candid (...)
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  28.  22
    The Limits of Culture in Political Theory: A Critique of Multiculturalism From the Perspective of Anthropology’s Ontological Turn.Ben Turner - 2018 - European Journal of Political Theory.
    Political theorists have developed and refined the concept of culture through much critical discussion with anthropology. This article will deepen this engagement by claiming that political theory...
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  29. Estʹ Li Oshibka V Formule Mira?: Besedy Doktora Ben I͡amina s Uchastiem Vitalii͡a Volkova.Benʹi͡amin Shulʹman - 2012
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  30.  14
    Design Research as a Variety of Second-Order Cybernetic Practice.Ben Sweeting - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (3):572-579.
    Context: The relationship between design and science has shifted over recent decades. One bridge between the two is cybernetics, which offers perspectives on both in terms of their practice. From around 1980 onwards, drawing on ideas from cybernetics, Glanville has suggested that rather than apply science to design, it makes more sense to understand science as a form of design activity, reversing the more usual hierarchy between the two. I return to review this argument here, in the context of recent (...)
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  31.  32
    Justice, Mercy, and the Terminally Ill Prisoner.Ben A. Rich - 2013 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (4):382-388.
  32.  16
    Structuring Conversations on the Fact and Fiction of Brain Death.Ben A. Rich - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (8):31-33.
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  33.  11
    Suffering in the Neurologically Devastated Patient.Ben A. Rich - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 4 (4):42-43.
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  34.  68
    Terminal Suffering and the Ethics of Palliative Sedation.Ben A. Rich - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (1):30-39.
    Until quite recently bioethicists have had little of depth and probity to say about the duty of healthcare professionals in general and physicians in particular to relieve pain and suffering associated with disease and/or its treatment.
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  35.  11
    A Comparative History of World Philosophy.Ben-Ami Scharfstein - 1999 - Philosophy East and West 49 (1):96-97.
  36.  45
    The Subtlety of Emotions.Aaron Ben-Ze'ev - 2001 - Bradford.
    Aaron Ben-Ze'ev carries out what he calls "a careful search for general patterns in the primeval jungle of emotions.".
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  37.  19
    On a Tension in Diamond's Account of Tractarian Nonsense.Ben Vilhauer - 2003 - Philosophical Investigations 26 (3):230–238.
    Cora Diamond is among the most influential Wittgenstein commentators of recent years. One of her memorable contributions to the literature is her colorful characterization of some of the Tractatus interpretations she disagrees with – she calls them “chickening out” interpretations. “Chickening out” interpretations are ones which acknowledge Wittgenstein’s claim at 6.54 that his propositions are nonsense, but still hold that there is a deep sense in which Wittgenstein’s nonsense shows us something about reality, even if it does not say anything. (...)
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  38. Metaphysical Necessity Dualism.Ben White - 2018 - Synthese 195 (4):1779-1798.
    A popular response to the Exclusion Argument for physicalism maintains that mental events depend on their physical bases in such a way that the causation of a physical effect by a mental event and its physical base needn’t generate any problematic form of causal overdetermination, even if mental events are numerically distinct from and irreducible to their physical bases. This paper presents and defends a form of dualism that implements this response by using a dispositional essentialist view of properties to (...)
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  39.  28
    Paper: Normative Consent and Organ Donation: A Vindication.Ben Saunders - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (6):362-363.
    In an earlier article, I argued that David Estlund's notion of ‘normative consent’ could provide justification for an opt-out system of organ donation that does not involve presumptions about the deceased donor's consent. Where it would be wrong of someone to refuse their consent, then the fact that they have not actually given it is irrelevant, though an explicit denial of consent may still be binding. My argument has recently been criticised by Potts et al, who argue that such a (...)
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  40.  7
    Long-Term Evaluation of a Social Robot in Real Homes.M. A. de Graaf Maartje, Ben Allouch Somaya & A. G. M. van Dijk Jan - 2016 - Latest Issue of Interaction Studies 17 (3):461-490.
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  41.  44
    A Proof of Completeness for Continuous First-Order Logic.Itaï Ben Yaacov & Arthur Paul Pedersen - 2010 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 75 (1):168-190.
    -/- Continuous first-order logic has found interest among model theorists who wish to extend the classical analysis of “algebraic” structures (such as fields, group, and graphs) to various natural classes of complete metric structures (such as probability algebras, Hilbert spaces, and Banach spaces). With research in continuous first-order logic preoccupied with studying the model theory of this framework, we find a natural question calls for attention. Is there an interesting set of axioms yielding a completeness result? -/- The primary purpose (...)
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  42. Altruism or Solidarity? The Motives for Organ Donation and Two Proposals.Ben Saunders - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (7):376-381.
    Proposals for increasing organ donation are often rejected as incompatible with altruistic motivation on the part of donors. This paper questions, on conceptual grounds, whether most organ donors really are altruistic. If we distinguish between altruism and solidarity – a more restricted form of other-concern, limited to members of a particular group – then most organ donors exhibit solidarity, rather than altruism. If organ donation really must be altruistic, then we have reasons to worry about the motives of existing donors. (...)
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  43. A New Defense of Hedonism About Well-Being.Ben Bramble - 2016 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3.
    According to hedonism about well-being, lives can go well or poorly for us just in virtue of our ability to feel pleasure and pain. Hedonism has had many advocates historically, but has relatively few nowadays. This is mainly due to three highly influential objections to it: The Philosophy of Swine, The Experience Machine, and The Resonance Constraint. In this paper, I attempt to revive hedonism. I begin by giving a precise new definition of it. I then argue that the right (...)
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  44.  34
    Art Without Borders: A Philosophical Exploration of Art and Humanity.Ben-Ami Scharfstein - 2009 - University of Chicago Press.
    Lucid, learned, and incomparably rich in thought and detail, Art Without Borders is a monumental accomplishment, on par with the artistic achievements ...
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  45. Opt-Out Organ Donation Without Presumptions.Ben Saunders - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (2):69-72.
    This paper defends an ‘opt-out’ scheme for organ procurement, by distinguishing this system from ‘presumed consent’ (which the author regards as an erroneous justification of it). It, first, stresses the moral importance of increasing the supply of organs and argues that making donation easier need not conflict with altruism. It then goes on to explore one way that donation can be increased, namely by adopting an opt-out system, in which cadaveric organs are used unless the deceased (or their family) registered (...)
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  46. Well-Being and Death.Ben Bradley - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
  47.  50
    Defining the Demos.Ben Saunders - 2012 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 11 (3):280-301.
    Until relatively recently, few democrats had much to say about the constitution of the ‘demos' that ought to rule. A number of recent writers have, however, argued that all those whose interests are affected must be enfranchised if decision-making is to be fully democratic. This article criticizes this approach, arguing that it misunderstands democracy. Democratic procedures are about the agency of the people so only agents can be enfranchised, yet not all bearers of interests are also agents. If we focus (...)
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  48. Putting Things in Contexts.Ben Caplan - 2003 - Philosophical Review 112 (2):191-214.
    Thanks to David Kaplan (1989a, 1989b), we all know how to handle indexicals like ‘I’. ‘I’ doesn’t refer to an object simpliciter; rather, it refers to an object only relative to a context. In particular, relative to a context C, ‘I’ refers to the agent of C. Since different contexts can have different agents, ‘I’ can refer to different objects relative to different contexts. For example, relative to a context cwhose agent is Gottlob Frege, ‘I’ refers to Frege; relative to (...)
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  49.  15
    Human Values and the Future of Technology: A Declaration of Empowerment.Ben Shneiderman - 1990 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 20 (3):1-6.
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  50.  61
    The Dynamics of What?Fred A. Keijzer, Sacha Ben & Lex van der Heijden - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):644-645.
    Van Gelder presents the distinction between dynamical systems and digital computers as the core issue of current developments in cognitive science. We think this distinction is much less important than a reassessment of cognition as a neurally, bodily, and environmentally embedded process. Embedded cognition lines up naturally with dynamical models, but it would also stand if combined with classic computation.
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