92 found
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  1. What is This Thing Called Science?A. F. Chalmers - 1999
  2. What is This Thing Called Science?: An Assessment of the Nature and Status of Science and its Methods.A. F. Chalmers - 1982 - Hackett Pub. Co..
  3.  90
    Drawing Philosophical Lessons From Perrin's Experiments on Brownian Motion: A Response to van Fraassen.A. Chalmers - 2011 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 62 (4):711-732.
    In a recent article, van Fraassen has taken issue with the use to which Perrin’s experiments on Brownian motion have been put by philosophers, especially those defending scientific realism. He defends an alternative position by analysing the details of Perrin’s case in its historical context. In this reply, I argue that van Fraassen has not done the job well enough and I extend and in some respects attempt to correct his claims by close attention to the historical details.
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  4.  27
    Intermediate Causes and Explanations: The Key to Understanding the Scientific Revolution.Alan Chalmers - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (4):551-562.
    It is instructive to view the scientific revolution from the point of view of Robert Boyle’s distinction between intermediate and ultimate causes. From this point of view, the scientific revolution involved the identification of intermediate causes and their investigation by way of experiment as opposed to the specification of ultimate causes of the kind involved in the corpuscular matter theories of the mechanical philosophers. The merits of this point of view are explored in this paper by focussing on the hydrostatics (...)
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  5.  16
    Science and its Fabrication.Alan Chalmers - 1990 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    While acknowledging its theory-ladeness, Chalmers (history and philosophy, U. of Sydney) defends the objectivity of scientific knowledge against those critics for whom such knowledge is both subjective and ideological.
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  6.  16
    A Revisionist History of Atomism.Rom Harré, Paul Needham, Eric Scerri & Alan Chalmers - 2010 - Metascience 19 (3):349-371.
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  7.  78
    The Lack of Excellency of Boyle's Mechanical Philosophy.Alan Chalmers - 1993 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (4):541-564.
  8. Making Sense of Laws of Physics.Alan Chalmers - 1999 - In Howard Sankey (ed.), Causation and Laws of Nature. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 3--16.
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  9.  36
    Boyle and the Origins of Modern Chemistry: Newman Tried in the Fire.Alan F. Chalmers - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (1):1-10.
    William Newman construes the Scientific Revolution as a change in matter theory, from a hylomorphic, Aristotelian to a corpuscular, mechanical one. He sees Robert Boyle as making a major contribution to that change by way of his corpuscular chemistry. In this article it is argued that it is seriously misleading to identify what was scientific about the Scientific Revolution in terms of a change in theories of the ultimate structure of matter. Boyle showed, especially in his pneumatics, how empirically accessible, (...)
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  10. The Theory-Dependence of the Use of Instruments in Science.Alan Chalmers - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (3):493-509.
    The idea that the use of instruments in science is theory‐dependent seems to threaten the extent to which the output of those instruments can act as an independent arbiter of theory. This issue is explored by studying an early use of the electron microscope to observe dislocations in crystals. It is shown that this usage did indeed involve the theory of the electron microscope but that, nevertheless, it was possible to argue strongly for the experimental results, the theory of dislocations (...)
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  11.  29
    Klein on the Origin of the Concept of Chemical Compound.Alan Chalmers - 2012 - Foundations of Chemistry 14 (1):37-53.
    Ursula Klein has argued that Geoffroy’s table of chemical affinities, published in 1718, marked the emergence of the concepts of chemical compound and chemical combination central to chemistry. In this paper her position is summarised and then modified to render it immune to criticism that has been levelled against it. The essentials of Geoffroy’s chemistry are clarified and adapted to Klein’s picture by way of a detailed comparison of it with Boyle’s corpuscular chemistry that proceeded Geoffroy’s by over half a (...)
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  12.  5
    Can Scientific Theories Be Warranted?Alan Chalmers - 2010 - In Deborah G. Mayo & Aris Spanos (eds.), Error and Inference: Recent Exchanges on Experimental Reasoning, Reliability, and the Objectivity and Rationality of Science. Cambridge University Press. pp. 58.
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  13.  30
    Experiment Versus Mechanical Philosophy in the Work of Robert Boyle: A Reply to Anstey and Pyle.A. Chalmers - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1):187-193.
    We can distinguish 'mechanical' in the strict sense of the mechanical philosophers from 'mechanical' in the common sense. My claim is that Boyle's experimental science owed nothing to, and offered no support for, the mechanical philosophy in the strict sense. The attempts by my critics to undermine my case involve their interpreting 'mechanical' in something like the common sense. I certainly accept that Boyle's experimental science was productively informed by mechanical analogies, where 'mechanical' is interpreted in a common sense. But (...)
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  14.  74
    So the Laws of Physics Needn't Lie.Alan Chalmers - 1993 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 71 (2):196 – 205.
  15.  66
    Atom and Aether in Nineteenth-Century Physical Science.Alan F. Chalmers - 2008 - Foundations of Chemistry 10 (3):157-166.
    This paper suggests that the cases made for atoms and the aether in nineteenth-century physical science were analogous, with the implication that the case for the atom was less than compelling, since there is no aether. It is argued that atoms did not play a productive role in nineteenth-century chemistry any more than the aether did in physics. Atoms and molecules did eventually find an indispensable home in chemistry but by the time that they did so they were different kinds (...)
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  16.  88
    Boyle's Analysis of Laws.Alan Chalmers - 1999 - In Howard Sankey (ed.), Causation and Laws of Nature. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 14.
  17.  28
    Atomism From the 17th to the 20th Century.Alan Chalmers - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  18. Cartwright on Fundamental Laws: A Response to Clarke.Alan Chalmers - 1996 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 74 (1):150 – 152.
  19.  93
    Planetary Distances and Copernican Theory: A Reply.Alan Chalmers - 1983 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 34 (4):372-374.
  20.  14
    Understanding Science Through its History: A Response to Newman.Alan Chalmers - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):150-153.
    The paper is a response to William Newman’s rebuttal of a critique of his account of the origins of modern chemistry by Alan Chalmers. A way in which the nature of science can be illuminated by history of science is identified and an account of how this can be achieved in the context of a study of the work of Boyle defended in the face of Newman’s criticism. Texts from the writings of Boyle that are cited by Newman as posing (...)
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  21.  39
    The Sociology Of Knowledge And The Epistemological Status Of Science.Alan Chalmers - 1988 - Thesis Eleven 21 (1):82-102.
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  22. Galileo's Telescopic Observations of Venus and Mars.Alan Chalmers - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (2):175-184.
  23. Review Symposium of the Scientist's Atom.A. Chalmers - 2010 - Metascience 19:349-371.
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  24.  47
    Curie's Principle.A. F. Chalmers - 1970 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 21 (2):133-148.
  25. Is Bhaskar's Realism Realistic.Alan Chalmers - 1988 - Radical Philosophy 49:18-23.
     
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  26.  29
    The Heuristic Role of Maxwell's Mechanical Model of Electromagnetic Phenomena.Alan F. Chalmers - 1986 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 17 (4):415-427.
  27.  28
    Why Alan Musgrave Should Become an Essentialist.Alan Chalmers - 2006 - In Colin Cheyne & John Worrall (eds.), Rationality and Reality: Conversations with Alan Musgrave. Springer. pp. 165--181.
  28.  73
    How to Defend Science Against Scepticism: A Reply to Barry Gower.Alan Chalmers - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (2):249-253.
  29.  29
    Towards an Objectivist Account of Theory Change.Alan Chalmers - 1979 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 30 (3):227-233.
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  30.  17
    Maxwell's Methodology and His.A. F. Chalmers - 1973 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 4 (2):107-164.
  31.  10
    Viewing Past Science From the Point of View of Present Science, Thereby Illuminating Both: Philosophy Versus Experiment in the Work of Robert Boyle.Alan Chalmers - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 55:27-35.
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  32. The Limitations of Maxwell's Electromagnetic Theory.A. Chalmers - 1973 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 64:469-483.
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  33.  12
    The Declining Birth-Rate: Its Causes and Effects.A. K. Chalmers - 1917 - The Eugenics Review 8 (4):322.
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  34.  6
    Galilean Relativity and Galileo's Relativity.Alan Chalmers - 1993 - In S. French & H. Kamminga (eds.), Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 189--205.
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  35.  21
    Galileo on the Dissipative Effect of a Rotating Earth.Alan Chalmers & Richard Nicholas - 1983 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 14 (4):315-340.
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  36.  35
    On Learning From Our Mistakes.A. F. Chalmers - 1973 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 24 (2):164-173.
  37.  18
    Creating a Social Space for Modern Science.Alan Chalmers - 2014 - Metascience 23 (1):173-177.
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  38.  12
    Methodological Individualism: An Incongruity in Popper's Philosophy.Alan F. Chalmers - 1985 - In Gregory Currie & Alan Musgrave (eds.), Popper and the Human Sciences. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 73--87.
  39.  12
    Planetary Distances in Copernican Theory.Alan Chalmers - 1981 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 32 (4):374-375.
  40.  21
    Guest Editorial.Alan Chalmers - 2012 - Foundations of Chemistry 14 (1):3-6.
    Guest editorial Content Type Journal Article Category Editorial Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s10698-012-9147-z Authors Alan Chalmers, Unit for History and Philosophy of Science, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia Journal Foundations of Chemistry Online ISSN 1572-8463 Print ISSN 1386-4238.
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  41.  11
    Atomism Before Its Time.Alan Chalmers - 2006 - Metascience 15 (3):515-518.
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  42.  7
    OPPER, K. R.: "Objective Knowledge: An Evolutionary Approach". [REVIEW]A. F. Chalmers - 1974 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 52:70.
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  43.  13
    Review Symposia.Martin Rudwick, Naomi Oreskes, David Oldroyd, David Philip Miller, Alan Chalmers, John Forge, David Turnbull, Peter Slezak, David Bloor, Craig Callender, Keith Hutchison, Steven Savitt & Huw Price - 1996 - Metascience 5 (1):7-85.
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  44.  10
    Clarity, Charity and Criticism, Wit, Wisdom and Worldliness: Avoiding Intellectual Impositions. [REVIEW]David Turnbull, Henry Krips, Val Dusek, Steve Fuller, Alan Sokal, Jean Bricmont, Alan Frost, Alan Chalmers, Anna Salleh, Alfred I. Tauber, Yvonne Luxford, Nicolaas Rupke, Steven French, Peter G. Brown, Hugh LaFollette, Peter Machamer, Nicolas Rasmussen, Andy J. Miller, Marya Schechtman, Ross S. West, John Forge, David Oldroyd, Nancy Demand, Darrin W. Belousek, Warren Schmaus, Sungook Hong, Rachel A. Ankeny, Peter Anstey, Jeremy Butterfield & Harshi Gunawardena - 2000 - Metascience 9 (3):347-498.
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  45.  24
    Did Democritus Ascribe Weight to Atoms?Alan Chalmers - 1997 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 75 (3):279 – 287.
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  46.  5
    Qualitative Novelty in Seventeenth-Century Science: Hydrostatics From Stevin to Pascal.Alan F. Chalmers - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 51:1-10.
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  47.  8
    Retracing the Ancient Steps to Atomic Theory.Alan Chalmers - 1998 - Science and Education 7 (1):69-84.
  48.  17
    Giving `Substance' to Chemistry.Alan Chalmers - 2004 - Metascience 13 (1):109-111.
  49.  15
    Ultimate Explanations in Science: A Historical Perspective.Alan Chalmers - 1995 - Cogito 9 (2):141-145.
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  50.  13
    Is a Law Reasonable to a Hume?Alan Chalmers - 1992 - Cogito 6 (3):125-129.
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