Results for 'A. Charlton'

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Andrew Charlton
College of Wooster
  1.  36
    New perspectives in the evidence‐based healthcare debate.A. Miles, B. Charlton, P. Bentley, A. Polychronis, J. Grey & N. Price - 2000 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 6 (2):77-84.
  2.  41
    The Analytic Ambition: An Introduction to Philosophy.A. R. Lacey & William Charlton - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (170):116.
  3.  17
    Sojourners of Truth: Five Women’s Stories of Triumph, Tribulation, and Teaching in Academia.Patricia A. Young, Carolina Serna, Esperanza De La Vega, Leslie R. Charlton & Myriam Casimir - 2020 - Educational Studies 56 (5):537-554.
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  4.  9
    Students’ attitudes to courses in Education.Kenneth Charlton, W. A. C. Stewart & M. K. Paffard - 1960 - British Journal of Educational Studies 8 (2):148-164.
  5.  8
    Students' Attitudes to Courses in Education.Kenneth Charlton, W. A. C. Stewart & M. K. Paffard - 1960 - British Journal of Educational Studies 8 (2):148 - 164.
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  6.  32
    Race, pigskin, and politics: A semiotic analysis of racial images in political advertising.Charlton D. Mcilwain - 2007 - Semiotica 2007 (167):169-191.
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  7.  47
    When the Window Cracks: Transparency and the Fractured Self in Depersonalisation.Anna Ciaunica, Jane Charlton & Harry Farmer - 2020 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 20 (1):1-19.
    There has recently been a resurgence of philosophical and scientific interest in the foundations of self-consciousness, with particular focus on its altered, anomalous forms. This paper looks at the altered forms of self-awareness in Depersonalization Disorder (DPD), a condition in which people feel detached from their self, their body and the world (Derealisation). Building upon the phenomenological distinction between reflective and pre-reflective self-consciousness, we argue that DPD may alter thetransparencyof basic embodied forms of pre-reflective self-consciousness, as well as the capacity (...)
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  8.  10
    A reply: Snider on irrationality.William Charlton - 1993 - Metaphilosophy 24 (3):293-299.
  9.  22
    The impact of reporting magnetic resonance imaging incidental findings in the Canadian alliance for healthy hearts and minds cohort.Rhian Touyz, Amy Subar, Ian Janssen, Bob Reid, Eldon Smith, Caroline Wong, Pierre Boyle, Jean Rouleau, F. Henriques, F. Marcotte, K. Bibeau, E. Larose, V. Thayalasuthan, A. Moody, F. Gao, S. Batool, C. Scott, S. E. Black, C. McCreary, E. Smith, M. Friedrich, K. Chan, J. Tu, H. Poiffaut, J. -C. Tardif, J. Hicks, D. Thompson, L. Parker, R. Miller, J. Lebel, H. Shah, D. Kelton, F. Ahmad, A. Dick, L. Reid, G. Paraga, S. Zafar, N. Konyer, R. de Souza, S. Anand, M. Noseworthy, G. Leung, A. Kripalani, R. Sekhon, A. Charlton, R. Frayne, V. de Jong, S. Lear, J. Leipsic, A. -S. Bourlaud, P. Poirier, E. Ramezani, K. Teo, D. Busseuil, S. Rangarajan, H. Whelan, J. Chu, N. Noisel, K. McDonald, N. Tusevljak, H. Truchon, D. Desai, Q. Ibrahim, K. Ramakrishnana, C. Ramasundarahettige, S. Bangdiwala, A. Casanova, L. Dyal, K. Schulze, M. Thomas, S. Nandakumar, B. -M. Knoppers, P. Broet, J. Vena, T. Dummer, P. Awadalla, Matthias G. Friedrich, Douglas S. Lee, Jean-Claude Tardif, Erika Kleiderman & Marcotte - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-15.
    BackgroundIn the Canadian Alliance for Healthy Hearts and Minds (CAHHM) cohort, participants underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain, heart, and abdomen, that generated incidental findings (IFs). The approach to managing these unexpected results remain a complex issue. Our objectives were to describe the CAHHM policy for the management of IFs, to understand the impact of disclosing IFs to healthy research participants, and to reflect on the ethical obligations of researchers in future MRI studies.MethodsBetween 2013 and 2019, 8252 participants (...)
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  10.  43
    Affordability and Non-Perfectionism in Moral Action.Benedict Rumbold, Victoria Charlton, Annette Rid, Polly Mitchell, James Wilson, Peter Littlejohns, Catherine Max & Albert Weale - 2019 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 22 (4):973-991.
    One rationale policy-makers sometimes give for declining to fund a service or intervention is on the grounds that it would be ‘unaffordable’, which is to say, that the total cost of providing the service or intervention for all eligible recipients would exceed the budget limit. But does the mere fact that a service or intervention is unaffordable present a reason not to fund it? Thus far, the philosophical literature has remained largely silent on this issue. However, in this article, we (...)
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  11.  24
    Causation and Change.William Charlton - 1983 - Philosophy 58 (224):143 - 160.
    From the way we speak it appears that we think changes do not merely come about but are brought about. Can we really think this? Have we any idea of the bringing or being brought about of a change distinct from our idea of its coming about? In the first part of this paper I shall try to describe some of the forms of causal thinking which are reflected in our ordinary causal judgments. In the second, having criticized two current (...)
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  12.  8
    Some Recent Work in Aesthetics.William Charlton - 1986 - Philosophy 61 (236):253 - 261.
    The starting in 1960 of the British Journal of Aesthetics was a courageous act. In those days people liked to call aesthetics a ‘dreary’ intellectual region, and high-flying philosophers seldom descended into it. But when in the decade that followed new philosophy departments were created and old ones expanded, aesthetics took up some of the spare capacity. Courses were laid on, and books and articles appeared which could match the quality of work in better established branches of philosophy like ethics (...)
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  13.  32
    Time.William Charlton - 1981 - Philosophy 56 (216):149 - 160.
    It is often held that movement can be defined in terms of places and times. Thus Russell says: We must entirely reject the notion of a state of motion. Motion consists merely in the occupation of different places at different times, subject to continuity as explained in Part V.
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  14.  41
    Commentary on Sweeney & Kernick (2002), Clinical evaluation: constructing a new model for post-normal medicine.P. Andras & B. G. Charlton - 2002 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 8 (2):143-144.
  15. A treatise on aphasia and other speech defects.H. Charlton Bastian - 1900 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 50:194-197.
     
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  16.  1
    On Aristotle's "On the soul 3.1-8".John Philoponus & William Charlton (eds.) - 2000 - Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
    The ancient Greek commentators on Aristotle constitute a large body of Greek philosophical writings, not previously translated into European languages. This volume includes notes and indexes and forms part of a series to fill this gap.
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  17. Prime Matter: a Rejoinder.William Charlton - 1983 - Phronesis 28 (2):197-211.
  18.  5
    The ethical canary: narrow reflective equilibrium as a source of moral justification in healthcare priority-setting.Victoria Charlton & Michael J. DiStefano - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    Healthcare priority-setting institutions have good reason to want to demonstrate that their decisions are morally justified—and those who contribute to and use the health service have good reason to hope for the same. However, finding a moral basis on which to evaluate healthcare priority-setting is difficult. Substantive approaches are vulnerable to reasonable disagreement about the appropriate grounds for allocating resources, while procedural approaches may be indeterminate and insufficient to ensure a just distribution. In this paper, we set out a complementary, (...)
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  19.  11
    Does NICE apply the rule of rescue in its approach to highly specialised technologies?Victoria Charlton - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (2):118-125.
    The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, the UK’s main healthcare priority-setting body, recently reaffirmed a longstanding claim that in recommending technologies to the National Health Service it cannot apply the ‘rule of rescue’. This paper explores this claim by identifying key characteristics of the rule and establishing to what extent these are also features of NICE’s approach to evaluating ultra-orphan drugs through its highly specialised technologies programme. It argues that although NICE in all likelihood does not act because (...)
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  20.  23
    Imagination.W. Charlton - 1977 - Philosophical Quarterly 27 (109):375.
    _Imagination_ is an outstanding contribution to a notoriously elusive and confusing subject. It skillfully interrelates problems in philosophy, the history of ideas and literary theory and criticism, tracing the evolution of the concept of imagination from Hume and Kant in the eighteenth century to Ryle, Sartre and Wittgenstein in the twentieth. She strongly belies that the cultivation of imagination should be the chief aim of education and one of her objectives in writing the book has been to put forward reasons (...)
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  21.  24
    NICE and Fair? Health Technology Assessment Policy Under the UK’s National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, 1999–2018.Victoria Charlton - 2020 - Health Care Analysis 28 (3):193-227.
    The UK’s National Institute for Health and Care Excellence is responsible for conducting health technology assessment on behalf of the National Health Service. In seeking to justify its recommendations to the NHS about which technologies to fund, NICE claims to adopt two complementary ethical frameworks, one procedural—accountability for reasonableness —and one substantive—an ‘ethics of opportunity costs’ that rests primarily on the notion of allocative efficiency. This study is the first to empirically examine normative changes to NICE’s approach and to analyse (...)
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  22.  6
    New Images of the Natural in France: A Study in European Cultural History 1750-1800.D. G. Charlton - 1984 - Cambridge University Press.
    The latter half of the eighteenth century saw radical changes in the way nature - both external and human nature - was perceived. It is these new perceptions, these new images of the 'the natural' that this book examines: new appreciations of the 'sublime' wildness of landscape; new revelations by the life sciences of natural creative fecundity; new assertions of the innocence of 'natural man', as illustrated by the noble savage, the contented peasant, the happy family; a new sense of (...)
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  23.  13
    Justice, Transparency and the Guiding Principles of the UK’s National Institute for Health and Care Excellence.Victoria Charlton - 2022 - Health Care Analysis 30 (2):115-145.
    The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) is the UK’s primary healthcare priority-setting body, responsible for advising the National Health Service in England on which technologies to fund and which to reject. Until recently, the normative approach underlying this advice was described in a 2008 document entitled ‘Social value judgements: Principles for the development of NICE guidance’ (SVJ). In January 2020, however, NICE replaced SVJ with a new articulation of its guiding principles. Given the significant evolution of NICE’s (...)
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  24.  55
    What Is Management and What Do Managers Do? A Systems Theory Account.Bruce G. Charlton & Peter Andras - 2003 - Philosophy of Management 3 (3):3-15.
    Systems Theory analyses the world in terms of communications and divides the natural world into environment and systems. Systems are characterised by their high density of communications and tend to become more complex and efficient with time, usually by means of increased specialisation and coordination of functions. Management is an organisational sub-system which models all necessary aspects of organisational activity such that this model may be used for monitoring, prediction and planning of the organisation as a whole. The function of (...)
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  25.  2
    A list of the writings of Professor Charles Edwyn Vaughan.H. B. Charlton - 1923 - Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 7 (3):494-506.
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  26.  1
    A Reply: Snider on Irrationality.William Charlton - 2008 - Metaphilosophy 24 (3):293-299.
  27.  3
    Melancholy mapping: A ‘dispatcher’s eye’ and the locations of loss in Johannesburg.Ed Charlton - 2017 - Thesis Eleven 141 (1):14-30.
    Johannesburg has been described variously as an elusive, genre-less, blank, even self-cannibalizing city. Without refusing such rhetorical play, this article seeks to secure a mode of urban analysis that attends to the city’s material losses as well as its conceptual elisions. In so doing, it engages the critical potential, in particular, of melancholy, establishing through this concept not just an affective condition or a psycho-spatial categorization, but a way of mapping the city. Through analysis of Mark Gevisser’s Lost and Found (...)
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  28.  22
    Is immortality a possibility? A thought experiment concerning the inevitability of senescence due to endogenous parasitism.Bruce G. Charlton - 1995 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 39 (1):146.
  29.  80
    Is philosophy a form of literature?William Charlton - 1974 - British Journal of Aesthetics 14 (1):3-16.
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  30.  32
    John Ferguson: Socrates: a source book. Pp. xii + 335. Macmillan , 1970. Cloth, £2.W. E. W. St G. Charlton - 1972 - The Classical Review 22 (2):280-281.
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  31.  4
    ‘Para-social Interaction’ – Social Interaction as a Matter of Fact?Michael Charlton - 2001 - Communications 26 (4):499-508.
  32. Radford and Allen on being moved by fiction: A rejoinder.William Charlton - 1986 - British Journal of Aesthetics 26 (4):391-394.
  33.  19
    Aesthetics: an introduction.William Charlton - 1970 - London,: Hutchinson.
    First published in 1970. What is a work of art? What is the status of things in pictures and books? How are we to distinguish and ascertain the meaning of a literary work at various levels? This book is intended both to introduce the reader to classic philosophical accounts of art and beauty, and to bring out the significance for aesthetics of recent developments in philosophy.
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  34.  3
    Opera in the Age of Rousseau: Music, Confrontation, Realism.David Charlton - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Historians of French politics, art, philosophy and literature have long known the tensions and fascinations of Louis XV's reign, the 1750s in particular. David Charlton's study comprehensively re-examines this period, from Rameau to Gluck and elucidates the long-term issues surrounding opera. Taking Rousseau's Le Devin du Village as one narrative centrepiece, Charlton investigates this opera's origins and influences in the 1740s and goes on to use past and present research to create a new structural model that explains the (...)
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  35.  3
    An empirical ethics study of the coherence of NICE technology appraisal policy and its implications for moral justification.Victoria Charlton & Michael DiStefano - 2024 - BMC Medical Ethics 25 (1):1-22.
    Background As the UK’s main healthcare priority-setter, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has good reason to want to demonstrate that its decisions are morally justified. In doing so, it has tended to rely on the moral plausibility of its principle of cost-effectiveness and the assertion that it has adopted a fair procedure. But neither approach provides wholly satisfactory grounds for morally defending NICE’s decisions. In this study we adopt a complementary approach, based on the proposition that (...)
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  36.  1
    Metaphysics and grammar.William Charlton - 2014 - London: Bloomsbury Academic.
    A study of the relation of metaphysics to grammar, placing the central topics of philosophy in an entirely new light.
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  37.  2
    Speaking and Signifying.William Charlton - 2019 - Philosophy 94 (1):3-25.
    After a brief introduction I compare accounts of what it is to say something I find in Plato, Frege and Grice, and I distinguish linguistic from practical meaning and words that signify things from ‘syncategorematic’ or ‘grammatical’ words. I then argue that the relation between a signifying word and what it signifies must be understood in terms of two complementary acts, already recognised in antiquity, quantifying and predicating. Discussing quantification, I show how problems about universals can be avoided by accepting (...)
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  38.  2
    Physical, The Natural and The Supernatural.William Charlton - 1998 - A&C Black.
    Defends a unified conception of human nature and a view of what is natural that can cover both the physical and the psychological worlds.
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  39.  25
    Stress.B. G. Charlton - 1992 - Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (3):156-159.
    'Stress' is a widely used word in clinical practice, the biological sciences and everyday life; but one which has little real value, serving mainly to confuse and confound rational thought. Whether it is described in terms of stimulus, response, or a combination of the two the definitions of stress are invariably found to be circular. We should stop using the word 'stress' and instead discuss specific stimuli or responses as appropriate. The author suggests that 'pressure' and 'tension' might provide suitable (...)
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  40.  2
    Aesthetics: An Introduction.William Charlton - 1970 - London,: Routledge.
    First published in 1970. What is a work of art? What is the status of things in pictures and books? How are we to distinguish and ascertain the meaning of a literary work at various levels? This book is intended both to introduce the reader to classic philosophical accounts of art and beauty, and to bring out the significance for aesthetics of recent developments in philosophy.
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  41.  16
    Aesthetics: An Introduction.William Charlton - 1970 - London,: Routledge.
    First published in 1970. What is a work of art? What is the status of things in pictures and books? How are we to distinguish and ascertain the meaning of a literary work at various levels? This book is intended both to introduce the reader to classic philosophical accounts of art and beauty, and to bring out the significance for aesthetics of recent developments in philosophy.
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  42.  1
    Being Reasonable About Religion.William Charlton - 2006 - Routledge.
    When we start to discuss religion we run into controversial questions about history and anthropology, about the scope of scientific explanation, and about free will, good and evil. This book explains how to find our way through these disputes and shows how we can be freed from assumptions and prejudices which make progress impossible by deeper philosophical insight into the concepts involved. Books about religion usually concentrate on a few central Judaeo-Christian doctrines and either attack them or defend them with (...)
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  43.  31
    Goodness and truth.William Charlton - 2006 - Philosophy 81 (4):619-632.
    The paper presents goodness and truth as analogous formal concepts. I first argue that saying something is true of something and saying it is false of it are basic ways of speaking truly or falsely. I then consider thinking a property a good one for something to acquire and thinking it a bad, equate this with having something as a positive or negative objective, an object of desire or aversion, and argue that these are basic ways of thinking rightly or (...)
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  44.  5
    Is the mind-body relationship mysterious?William Charlton - 2019 - Philosophy 94 (4):673-685.
    Why do some philosophers, despite all we know about evolution and embryology, think that consciousness makes the mind-body relation a problem still unsolved and perhaps insoluble by those with human brains? They ask how consciousness arises in matter, not in living organisms, whereas non-philosophers ask how far down the ladder of life it extends and when it arises in individuals of sentient and intelligent species. They desire the privacy of Locke's closet, furnished with phenomenological properties; and besides replacing Aristotle's ‘folk’ (...)
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  45.  9
    No short cuts to science.Bruce G. Charlton - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):889-889.
    Steven Rose regards oversimplification of biology as the supreme sin, inevitably leading to evil consequences, and requiring an unique distortion of scientific practice to avoid it. To avoid this, he proposes a short-cut to scientific knowledge by defining certain areas of biology that are intrinsically flawed. But this achieves only a subordination of science to politics. There are no general-purpose shortcuts for evaluating the validity of theories, and no substitutes for testing specific theories using relevant evidence.
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  46.  19
    Place-Related Identities Through Texts: From Interdisciplinary Theory to Research Agenda.Emma Charlton, Dominic Wyse, Gabrielle Cliff Hodges, Maria Nikolajeva, Pam Pointon & Liz Taylor - 2011 - British Journal of Educational Studies 59 (1):63-74.
    The implications of the transdisciplinary spatial turn are attracting growing interest in a broad range of areas related to education. This paper draws on a methodology for interdisciplinary thinking in order to articulate a new theoretical configuration of place-related identity, and its implications for a research agenda. The new configuration is created through an analysis of place-related identities in narrative theory, texts and literacy processes. The emerging research agenda focuses on the ways children perceive and represent their place-related identities through (...)
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  47.  35
    Religion, Society and Secular Values.William Charlton - 2016 - Philosophy 91 (3):321-343.
    Our paradigm for religion is Christianity, which appeared as a sub-society, the culture of which differed both from Jewish culture and from that of the Greeks and Romans. Human beings are essentially social, depending upon society for all rational thought and activity. As social beings we live with regard to customs we think good on the whole. Customs are rationalised by theoretical and moral beliefs. They contrast with nature and also with convention and habit. Religions, like families, are societies intermediate (...)
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  48.  16
    Social and psychiatric implications of sex-differentials in aggression.Bruce G. Charlton - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (2):221-222.
    The same aggressive act will – all else being equal – have a different behavioral significance according to whether it is performed by a man or a woman. Such a perspective should have profound implications for legal and psychiatric practice, and for social policy in general.
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  49.  21
    TEMPTATION, reflections on Matthew 6.13.William Charlton - 2018 - New Blackfriars 99 (1081):277-286.
    I distinguish temptation to do what we think we shouldn't, temptation not to do what we think we should, and the difficulties we experience in customary religious practices like prayer. I ask whether temptation requires a tempter, also whether the phenomena we call ‘weakness of will’ can be explained without postulating a non-cognitive faculty of will. I look at Plato's claim that training the emotions is the main function of education. Finally I consider how obstacles to prayer can be understood (...)
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  50.  46
    The Zombie science of evidence-based medicine: a personal retrospective. A commentary on Djulbegovic, B., Guyatt, G. H. & Ashcroft, R. E. (2009). Cancer Control, 16, 158-168. [REVIEW]Bruce G. Charlton - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):930-934.
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