Results for 'A. Critique of Information Ethics'

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  1.  32
    A Critique of Information Ethics.Tony Doyle - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (1-2):163-175.
    Luciano Floridi presents Information Ethics (IE) as an alternative to traditional moral theories. IE consists of two tenets. First, reality can be interpreted at numerous, mutually consistent levels of abstraction, the highest of which is information. This level, unlike the others, applies to all of reality. Second, everything, insofar as it is an information object, has some degree of intrinsic value and hence moral dignity. I criticize IE, arguing that Floridi fails to show that the moral (...)
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  2.  17
    A Critique of Information Ethics.Tony Doyle - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (1-2):163-175.
  3.  50
    A Critique of Giving Voice to Values Approach to Business Ethics Education.Tracy L. Gonzalez-Padron, O. C. Ferrell, Linda Ferrell & Ian A. Smith - 2012 - Journal of Academic Ethics 10 (4):251-269.
    Mary Gentile’s Giving Voice to Values presents an approach to ethics training based on the idea that most people would like to provide input in times of ethical conflict using their own values. She maintains that people recognize the lapses in organizational ethical judgment and behavior, but they do not have the courage to step up and voice their values to prevent the misconduct. Gentile has developed a successful initiative and following based on encouraging students and employees to learn (...)
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  4.  19
    Ethics and Perplexity: Toward a Critique of Dialogical Reason.Javier Muguerza - 2004 - Rodopi.
    Javier Muguerza’s Ethics and Perplexity makes a highly original contribution to the debate over dialogical reason. The work opens with a letter that establishes a parallel between Ethics and Perplexity and Maimonides’s classic Guide of the Perplexed. It concludes with an interview that repeatedly strikes sparks on Spanish philosophy’s emergence from its “long quarantine,” as Muguerza puts it. These informal pieces—witty, informative, conversational—orbit the nucleus of the work: a formidable critique of dialogical reason. The result is a (...)
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  5.  16
    Ethics and Perplexity: Toward a Critique of Dialogical Reason.John R. Welch (ed.) - 2004 - Rodopi.
    Javier Muguerza’s Ethics and Perplexity makes a highly original contribution to the debate over dialogical reason. The work opens with a letter that establishes a parallel between Ethics and Perplexity and Maimonides’s classic Guide of the Perplexed. It concludes with an interview that repeatedly strikes sparks on Spanish philosophy’s emergence from its “long quarantine,” as Muguerza puts it. These informal pieces—witty, informative, conversational—orbit the nucleus of the work: a formidable critique of dialogical reason. The result is a (...)
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  6.  66
    The Ethics of Total Confinement: A Critique of Madness, Citizenship, and Social Justice.Bruce A. Arrigo, Heather Y. Bersot & Brian G. Sellers - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    In three parts, this volume in the AP-LS series explores the phenomena of captivity and risk management, guided and informed by the theory, method, and policy of psychological jurisprudence. The authors present a controversial thesis that demonstrates how the forces of captivity and risk management are sustained by several interdependent "conditions of control." These conditions impose barriers to justice and set limits on citizenship for one and all. Situated at the nexus of political/social theory, mental health law and jurisprudential (...), the book examines and critiques constructs such as offenders and victims; self and society; therapeutic and restorative; health; harm; and community. So, too, are three "total confinement" case law data sets on which this analysis is based. The volume stands alone in its efforts to systematically "diagnose" the moral reasoning lodged within prevailing judicial opinions that sustain captivity and risk management practices impacting: (1) the rights of juveniles found competent to stand criminal trial, the mentally ill placed in long-term disciplinary isolation, and sex offenders subjected to civil detention and community re-entry monitoring; (2) the often unmet needs of victims; and (3) the demands of an ordered society. Carefully balancing sophisticated insights with concrete and cutting-edge applications, the book concludes with a series of provocative, yet practical, recommendations for future research and meaningful reform within institutional practice, programming, and policy. (shrink)
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  7.  56
    A Critique of Using Age to Ration Health Care.R. W. Hunt - 1993 - Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (1):19-27.
    Daniel Callahan has argued that economic and social benefits would result from a policy of withholding medical treatments which prolong life in persons over a certain age. He claims 'the real goal of medicine' is to conquer death and prolong life with the use of technology, regardless of the age and quality of life of the patient, and this has been responsible for the escalation of health care expenditure. Callahan's proposal is based on economic rationalism but there is little evidence (...)
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  8.  49
    A Critique of Humanitarian Reason: Agency, Power, and Privilege.Chioke I'Anson & Geoffrey Pfeifer - 2013 - Journal of Global Ethics 9 (1):49-63.
    This paper offers a critical analysis of the work of western humanitarian NGOs operating in the African continent. We argue that in most cases, NGOs and their supporters are deaf to the actual wants, needs, and desires ? or, in other words, the agency ? of those they are trying to aid. We do this by first offering a series of ways of understanding the ideological commitments that inform the work of many humanitarian NGOs and those who donate to them. (...)
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  9.  26
    A Critique of a 'Wrongful Life' Lawsuit in Korea.Young-Rhan Um - 2000 - Nursing Ethics 7 (3):250-261.
    This article reports and analyses a ‘wrongful life’ lawsuit brought against a genetic counsellor who failed to refer a woman for prenatal genetic testing despite her pleas to do so; this resulted in the wrongful birth of a child with a genetic abnormality. As a result of negligence, the mother did not have a termination and the baby was born. This is an event that reveals the troublesome nature of prenatal genetic testing applications in medical practice in Korea. The case (...)
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  10.  21
    A Critique of the Principle of ‘Respect for Autonomy’, Grounded in African Thought.Kevin G. Behrens - 2018 - Developing World Bioethics 18 (2):126-134.
    I give an account how the principle of ‘respect for autonomy’ dominates the field of bioethics, and how it came to triumph over its competitors, ‘respect for persons’ and ‘respect for free power of choice’. I argue that ‘respect for autonomy’ is unsatisfactory as a basic principle of bioethics because it is grounded in too individualistic a worldview, citing concerns of African theorists and other communitarians who claim that the principle fails to acknowledge the fundamental importance of understanding persons within (...)
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  11.  6
    Confidentiality: A Critique of the Traditional View.S. Glen - 1997 - Nursing Ethics 4 (5):403-406.
    ‘Confidentiality’ can become a somewhat embellishing signboard for paternalistic caring. In essence, one needs to distinguish between confidentiality as a respectful attitude to a patient/client, where it becomes credible that the caring professional will not misuse the information he or she obtains about the patient/client, and between confidentiality misused as an instrument of power to keep the patient/client outside of processes in which it might be important or advantageous for him or her to participate.
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  12.  14
    Confidentiality:: A Critique of the Traditional View.S. Glen - 1997 - Nursing Ethics 4 (5):403-406.
    ‘Confidentiality’ can become a somewhat embellishing signboard for paternalistic caring. In essence, one needs to distinguish between confidentiality as a respectful attitude to a patient/client, where it becomes credible that the caring professional will not misuse the information he or she obtains about the patient/client, and between confidentiality misused as an instrument of power to keep the patient/client outside of processes in which it might be important or advantageous for him or her to participate.
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  13.  2
    A Critique of Utilitarian Trust: The Case of the Dutch Insurance Sector.Erik van Rietschoten & Koen van Bommel - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-18.
    The organizational trust literature relies strongly on the notion of trust and trustworthiness as a calculative cause-and-effect relationship aimed at assessing the advantages and disadvantages between two actors. This utilitarian notion of trust has been critiqued by studies that highlight construct inconsistencies related to utilitarian trust, which, it is argued, is deficient, incomplete and misleading. Our empirical study of the Dutch insurance sector identifies and categorizes three process inconsistencies that help to explain why the calculation of trust in a utilitarian (...)
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  14.  16
    A Critique of the Regulation of Data Science in Healthcare Research in the European Union.John M. M. Rumbold & Barbara K. Pierscionek - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):27.
    The EU offers a suitable milieu for the comparison and harmonisation of healthcare across different languages, cultures, and jurisdictions, which could provide improvements in healthcare standards across the bloc. There are specific ethico-legal issues with the use of data in healthcare research that mandate a different approach from other forms of research. The use of healthcare data over a long period of time is similar to the use of tissue in biobanks. There is a low risk to subjects but it (...)
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  15.  16
    Experimentation with Human Subjects: A Critique of the Views of Hans Jonas.A. Schafer - 1983 - Journal of Medical Ethics 9 (2):76-79.
    The ethics of experimentation on human subjects has become the subject of much debate among medical scientists and philosophers. Ethical problems and conflicts of interest become especially serious when research subjects are recruited from the class of patients. Are patients who are ill and suffering in a position to give voluntary and informed consent? Are there inevitable conflicts of interest and moral obligation when a personal physician recruits his own patients for an experiment designed partly to advance scientific knowledge (...)
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  16.  57
    The Libertarian Conception of Corporate Property: A Critique of Milton Friedman's Views on the Social Responsibility of Business.Richard Nunan - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (12):891 - 906.
    A critique of Milton Friedman's thesis that corporate executives have a fiduciary responsibility not to pursue socially desirable goals at the expense of profitability. The author argues that even under a libertarian conception of the nature of corporate property, Friedman's thesis does not follow. In particular, an executive's decision to prize "socially responsible behavior" above profit maximization does not necessarily violate the contractual rights of dissenting stockholders. Whether executives have obligations to refrain from such behavior depends entirely on the (...)
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  17.  9
    The Ethics of AI Ethics. A Constructive Critique.Jan-Christoph Heilinger - 2022 - Philosophy and Technology 35 (3):1-20.
    The paper presents an ethical analysis and constructive critique of the current practice of AI ethics. It identifies conceptual substantive and procedural challenges and it outlines strategies to address them. The strategies include countering the hype and understanding AI as ubiquitous infrastructure including neglected issues of ethics and justice such as structural background injustices into the scope of AI ethics and making the procedures and fora of AI ethics more inclusive and better informed with regard (...)
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  18.  3
    Why bother the public? A critique of Leslie Cannold’s empirical research on ectogenesis.Anna Smajdor - 2021 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 42 (3):155-168.
    Can discussion with members of the public show philosophers where they have gone wrong? Leslie Cannold argues that it can in her 1995 paper ‘Women, Ectogenesis and Ethical Theory’, which investigates the ways in which women reason about abortion and ectogenesis. In her study, Cannold interviewed female non-philosophers. She divided her participants into separate ‘pro-life’ and ‘pro-choice’ groups and asked them to consider whether the availability of ectogenesis would change their views about the morality of dealing with an unwanted pregnancy. (...)
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  19. A Critique of Information Processing Theories of Consciousness.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1995 - Minds and Machines 5 (1):89-107.
    Information processing theories in psychology give rise to executive theories of consciousness. Roughly speaking, these theories maintain that consciousness is a centralized processor that we use when processing novel or complex stimuli. The computational assumptions driving the executive theories are closely tied to the computer metaphor. However, those who take the metaphor serious — as I believe psychologists who advocate the executive theories do — end up accepting too particular a notion of a computing device. In this essay, I (...)
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  20.  52
    A Critique of Business Ethics.Richard L. Lippke - 1991 - Business Ethics Quarterly 1 (4):367-384.
    The dominant approach to the analysis of issues in business ethics consists in the articulation and use of a set of mid-level moral principles. This approach is geared to business practitioners who are not interested in the difficult problems of moral and political theory. I argue that this "practitioner model" is philosophically suspect. I show how the theoretical frameworks prominent business ethicists employ are insufficiently developed. I also show how many of their analyses presuppose substantive views about issues of (...)
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  21. Data Science and Mass Media: Seeking a Hermeneutic Ethics of Information.Christine James - 2015 - Proceedings of the Society for Phenomenology and Media, Vol. 15, 2014, Pages 49-58 15 (2014):49-58.
    In recent years, the growing academic field called “Data Science” has made many promises. On closer inspection, relatively few of these promises have come to fruition. A critique of Data Science from the phenomenological tradition can take many forms. This paper addresses the promise of “participation” in Data Science, taking inspiration from Paul Majkut’s 2000 work in Glimpse, “Empathy’s Impostor: Interactivity and Intersubjectivity,” and some insights from Heidegger’s "The Question Concerning Technology." The description of Data Science provided in the (...)
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  22. Putting the War Back in Just War Theory: A Critique of Examples.Rigstad Mark - 2017 - Ethical Perspectives 24 (1):123-144.
    Analytic just war theorists often attempt to construct ideal theories of military justice on the basis of intuitions about imaginary and sometimes outlandish examples, often taken from non-military contexts. This article argues for a sharp curtailment of this method and defends, instead, an empirically and historically informed approach to the ethical scrutiny of armed conflicts. After critically reviewing general philosophical reasons for being sceptical of the moral-theoretic value of imaginary hypotheticals, the article turns to some of the special problems that (...)
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  23.  1
    Patient Autonomy in an East-Asian Cultural Milieu: A Critique of the Individualism-Collectivism Model.Max Ying Hao Lim - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    The practice of medicine—and especially the patient-doctor relationship—has seen exceptional shifts in ethical standards of care over the past few years, which by and large originate in occidental countries and are then extrapolated worldwide. However, this phenomenon is blind to the fact that an ethical practice of medicine remains hugely dependent on prevailing cultural and societal expectations of the community in which it serves. One model aiming to conceptualise the dichotomous efforts for global standardisation of medical care against differing sociocultural (...)
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  24.  23
    A Social Contract Theory Critique of Professional Codes of Ethics.David K. McGraw - 2004 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 2 (4):235-243.
    This paper considers whether professional codes of ethics are enforceable, legitimate, and just. In analyzing codes of ethics in this way, one must consider whether they exist to benefit members of the profession, or society as a whole. The analysis shifts dramatically based on this question, as codes of ethics are typically created by members of the profession, not by representatives of the larger population, and where they are enforced, they are only enforced among members of the (...)
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  25.  5
    Processing Is Not Judgment, Storage Is Not Memory: A Critique of Silicon Valley’s Moral Catechism.Kevin Healey & Robert H. Woods - 2017 - Journal of Media Ethics 32 (1):2-15.
    ABSTRACTThis article critiques contemporary applications of the computational metaphor, popular among Silicon Valley technologists, that views individuals and culture through the lens of computer and information systems. Taken literally, this metaphor has become entrenched as a quasi-religious ideology that obscures the moral and political-economic gatekeeping power of technology elites. Through an examination of algorithmic processing applications and life-logging devices, the authors highlight the inequitable consequences of the tendency, in popular media and marketing rhetoric, to collapse the distinctions between processing (...)
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  26.  70
    Luciano Floridi’s Philosophy of Information and Information Ethics: Critical Reflections and the State of the Art. [REVIEW]Charles Ess - 2008 - Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):89-96.
    I describe the emergence of Floridi’s philosophy of information (PI) and information ethics (IE) against the larger backdrop of Information and Computer Ethics (ICE). Among their many strengths, PI and IE offer promising metaphysical and ethical frameworks for a global ICE that holds together globally shared norms with the irreducible differences that define local cultural and ethical traditions. I then review the major defenses and critiques of PI and IE offered by contributors to this special (...)
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  27.  5
    Market Morality, Socialism, and the Realization of Social Freedom: A Critique of Honneth’s Normative Reconstruction.Igor Shoikhedbrod - 2021 - Critical Horizons 22 (4):335-350.
    ABSTRACT This article critically examines Axel Honneth’s account of social freedom by paying particular attention to the conceptual apparatus of normative reconstruction that is supposed to lend social freedom its explanatory force. More specifically, the article demonstrates, through an immanent critique, that Honneth is unable to follow through with his ambitious view of the capitalist market as an institutional expression of social freedom. Furthermore, Honneth’s inability to derive robust relations of cooperative solidarity from the actuality of contemporary liberal democratic (...)
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  28.  24
    A Critique of Pragmatist Ethics.Albert Weinberg - 1923 - Journal of Philosophy 20 (21):561-566.
  29.  55
    On the Anthropological Foundation of Bioethics: A Critique of the Work of J.-F. Malherbe.Henri Mbulu - 2013 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (5):409-431.
    In this article, I critically analyze the anthropological foundation of the bioethics of philosopher Jean-François Malherbe, particularly as presented in his book, Pour une Éthique de la Médecine. Malherbe argues that such practices as organ donation and transplants, assisted reproduction, resuscitation, and other uses of biotechnologies in contemporary medicine are unethical because they go against essential human nature. Furthermore, he uses this position as a basis to prescribe public policy and institutional practice. In contrast, I argue not only that ‘human (...)
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  30.  3
    Competence, Voluntariness, and Oppressive Socialization: A Feminist Critique of the Threshold Elements of Informed Consent.Dominic Sisti & Joseph Stramondo - 2015 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 8 (1):67-85.
    Feminists have argued that oppressive socialization undermines the liberal model of autonomy. We contend that this argument can also be employed effectively as a challenge to the standard bioethical model of informed consent. We claim that the standard model is inadequate because it relies on presumptions of procedural autonomy and rational choice that overlook the problem of how agents are often socialized so that they adopt and internalize oppressive norms as part of their motivational structure. The argument that oppressive socialization (...)
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  31.  54
    An Empirically Informed Critique of Habermas’ Argument From Human Nature.Nicolae Morar - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (1):95-113.
    In a near-future world of bionics and biotechnology, the main ethical and political issue will be the definition of who we are. Could biomedical enhancements transform us to such an extent that we would be other than human? Habermas argues that any genetic enhancement intervention that could potentially alter ‘human nature’ should be morally prohibited since it alters the child’s nature or the very essence that makes the child who he is. This practice also commits the child to a specific (...)
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  32. A Critique of North American Evangelical Ethics.John H. Yoder - 1985 - Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 2 (1):28-31.
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  33. A Critique of Kant's Ethics.Felix Adler - 1902 - Philosophical Review 11:419.
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  34.  1
    A Critique of the Liberal Idea of a Person: The Contradiction Within Equalitarian Ethical Theory.S. C. Coval - 2010 - Edwin Mellen Press.
    The book analyzes how one might philosophize about some of the most difficult and controversial issues in ethics and politics without abandoning either the demands of rigor or the joys of clear vistas.
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  35. A Critique of Graber's Divine Command Theory of Ethics.[author unknown] - 1975 - Journal of Religious Ethics 3 (1):157-163.
    The author criticizes a divine command theory of moral obligation offered by Glenn C. Graber. Reeder opposes Graber's claim that divine righteousness can be understood independent of standards of moral obligation and questions the plausibility of basing moral obligation on unchecked command, even the commands of God. Speaking historically, he discusses the relation of this theory to the moral theory of Ockham.
     
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  36. A Critique of a Proposal for an ''Environmental Ethic.Don Mannison - 1980 - In D. S. Mannison, M. A. McRobbie & Richard Sylvan (eds.), Environmental Philosophy. Dept. Of Philosophy, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University. pp. 52--64.
     
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  37. A Critique of Nicolai Hartmann's Ethics.P. V. S. Narayana - 1937 - University of Madras.
     
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  38. A Critique Of Sen's Ethical Economics.W. Norman - unknown - Eidos: The Canadian Graduate Journal of Philosophy 7.
     
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  39. A Critique of Kant's Casuistic Method of Teaching Ethics.D. Guha - 2006 - Indian Philosophical Quarterly 33 (2):147.
     
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  40.  5
    The 'Privacy in Employment' Critique: A Consideration of Some of the Arguments for 'Ethical' HRM Professional Practice.David Nye - 2002 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 11 (3):224–232.
    A developing area of interest in ethics and in legal studies is privacy protection. This paper focuses on privacy protection in employment, and examines some of the arguments of commentators who seek to limit the information obtained from job candidates and employees. The ethical underpinnings of these restrictions are discussed in terms of how privacy in employment relations can be understood as functioning to provide a context for the maintenance and development of self‐identity, an autonomous self‐concept, the practice (...)
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  41. Invoking Politics and Ethics in the Design of Information Technology: Undesigning the Design. [REVIEW]Martin Brigham & Lucas D. Introna - 2007 - Ethics and Information Technology 9 (1):1-10.
    It is a truism that the design and deployment of information and communication technologies is vital to everyday life, the conduct of work and to social order. But how are individual, organisational and societal choices made? What might it mean to invoke a politics and an ethics of information technology design and use? This editorial paper situates these questions within the trajectory of preoccupations and approaches to the design and deployment of information technology since computerisation began (...)
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  42.  13
    Cyberbullying a Desecration of Information Ethics.Lancelord Siphamandla Ncube & Luyanda Dube - 2016 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 14 (4):313-322.
    Purpose Cyberbullying occurs when a minor is tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed or otherwise targeted by another child. Given that cyberbullying entails defamation or spreading false information or portfolios about someone, it is regarded as a violation of the ethical code of information use. The purpose of the study was to explore the perceptions, experiences and challenges of post-high school youth with regards to cyberbullying. This is a quantitative study that used a survey approach to gather data using (...)
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  43. VEATCH, H. B. "For an Ontology of Morals: A Critique of Contemporary Ethical Theory". [REVIEW]A. C. Ewing - 1974 - Mind 83:308.
     
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  44. Reclaiming the Ordinary: Towards a Critique of Discourse Ethics.Espen Hammer - 1995 - Dissertation, New School for Social Research
    The goal of this dissertation is to provide a critique of Jurgen Habermas's communication-theoretic proposal for a discourse ethics. In doing so, I confront the theory of communicative rationality with the pronounced intention of letting discourse ethics take, as Habermas puts it, its orientation for an intersubjective interpretation of the categorical imperative from Hegel's theory of recognition. My objections to this attempt to provide a critical theory with normative grounds generally relate to what I see as a (...)
     
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  45.  34
    A Critique of the Emotive Theory of Ethical Terms.E. M. Adams - 1949 - Journal of Philosophy 46 (17):549-553.
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  46. A Critique of Kant's Ethics.Felix Adler - 1902 - Mind 11 (42):162-195.
  47. Practical Philosophy and the Concept of Autonomy: A Critique of Kantian Ethics.Paul G. Stern - 1984 - Dissertation, Boston University
    This dissertation examines the conceptual limitations of Kant's ethical theory with the purpose of assessing its suitability as a model of practical philosophy based upon the idea of autonomy. My aim is not only to exhibit the specific weaknesses in Kant's treatment of morality, but also to explore a contrast between two different approaches in ethical theory. This contrast can be characterized in terms of an opposition between a 'formal-individualistic' and a 'social-historical' model for the analysis and derivation of ethical (...)
     
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  48.  21
    A Critique of Western Philosophical Ethics: Multidisciplinary Alternatives for Framing Ethical Dilemmas. [REVIEW]William B. Carlin & Kelly C. Strong - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (5):387 - 396.
    American discourse in business ethics is steeped in the traditional ethical theories of Western philosophies, specifically the Greek classics, Kant, and the British Utilitarians. These theories may be largely uninterpretable or unacceptable to non-Western populations owing to different traditions, religious beliefs, or cultural histories. As economic boundaries collapse and markets become more global in scope, traditional Western ethical thought may lead to clashes among Western organizations and companies from differing cultural settings. Such clashes could lead to alienation of foreign (...)
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  49. David Detmer, Freedom as a Value: A Critique of the Ethical Theory of Jean- Paul Sartre.Keith Ansell-Pearson - 1990 - Radical Philosophy 54:47.
     
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  50. A Critique of Simone de Beauvoir’s Existential Ethics.Matthew Braddock - 2007 - Philosophy Today 51 (3):303-311.
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