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A. Morpurgo Davies [30]Arthur Ernest Davies [23]Alex Davies [22]A. Davies [12]
Anna Morpurgo Davies [10]Anne Aimola Davies [5]Anna Davies [5]Alan Davies [5]

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Alex Davies
University of Tartu
R. A. Davies
University of York
Andy Davies
University of Southern Queensland
3 more
  1. Identity Display: Another Motive for Metalinguistic Disagreement.Alexander Davies - 2021 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 64 (8):861-882.
    ABSTRACT It has become standard to conceive of metalinguistic disagreement as motivated by a form of negotiation, aimed at reaching consensus because of the practical consequences of using a word with one content rather than another. This paper presents an alternative motive for expressing and pursuing metalinguistic disagreement. In using words with given criteria, we betray our location amongst social categories or groups. Because of this, metalinguistic disagreement can be used as a stage upon which to perform a social identity. (...)
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  2.  5
    Societal Sentience: Constructions of the Public in Animal Research Policy and Practice.Ashley Davies & Pru Hobson-West - 2018 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 43 (4):671-693.
    The use of nonhuman animals as models in research and drug testing is a key route through which contemporary scientific knowledge is certified. Given ethical concerns, regulation of animal research promotes the use of less “sentient” animals. This paper draws on a documentary analysis of legal documents and qualitative interviews with Named Veterinary Surgeons and others at a commercial laboratory in the UK. Its key claim is that the concept of animal sentience is entangled with a particular imaginary of how (...)
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  3. Communicating by Doing Something Else.Alex Davies - 2018 - In Tamara Dobler & John Collins (eds.), The Philosophy of Charles Travis: Language, Thought, and Perception. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 135-154.
    It's sometimes thought that context-invariant linguistic meaning must be a character (a function from context types to contents) i.e. that linguistic meaning must determine how the content of an expression is fixed in context. This is thought because if context-invariant linguistic meaning were not a character then communication would not be possible. In this paper, I explain how communication could proceed even if context-invariant linguistic meaning were not a character.
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  4. Anosognosia and the Two-Factor Theory of Delusions.Martin Davies, Anne Aimola Davies & Max Coltheart - 2005 - Mind and Language 20 (2):241-57.
    Anosognosia is literally ‘unawareness of or failure to acknowledge one’s hemi- plegia or other disability’ (OED). Etymology would suggest the meaning ‘lack of knowledge of disease’ so that anosognosia would include any denial of impairment, such as denial of blindness (Anton’s syndrome). But Babinski, who introduced the term in 1914, applied it only to patients with hemiplegia who fail to acknowledge their paralysis. Most commonly, this is failure to acknowledge paralysis of the left side of the body following damage to (...)
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  5. How to Silence Content with Porn, Context and Loaded Questions.Alex Davies - 2016 - European Journal of Philosophy 24 (2):498-522.
    Using a combination of semantic theory and findings from conversation analysis, this paper describes a way in which questions, which incorporate presuppositions that are false, when used in a courtroom cross-examination wherein there are certain turn-taking rules, rights and restrictions, stop a rape victim from expressing the content that she wants to express in that context. This kind of silencing contrasts with other kinds of silencing that consist in the disabling of a speech act's force, rather than precluding the expression (...)
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  6. Testimonial Knowledge and Context-Sensitivity: A New Diagnosis of the Threat.Alex Davies - 2019 - Acta Analytica 34 (1):53-69.
    Epistemologists typically assume that the acquisition of knowledge from testimony is not threatened at the stage at which audiences interpret what proposition a speaker has asserted. Attention is instead typically paid to the epistemic status of a belief formed on the basis of testimony that it is assumed has the same content as the speaker’s assertion. Andrew Peet has pioneered an account of how linguistic context sensitivity can threaten the assumption. His account locates the threat in contexts in which an (...)
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  7.  8
    Evidencing How Experience and Problem Format Affect Probabilistic Reasoning Through Interaction Analysis.Manuele Reani, Alan Davies, Niels Peek & Caroline Jay - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  8. Kuhn on Incommensurability and Theory Choice.Alex Davies - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (4):571-579.
    The incommensurability of two theories seems to problematize theory comparisons, which allow for the selection of the better of the two theories. If so, it becomes puzzling how the quality of theories can improve with time, i.e. how science can progress across changes in incommensurable theories. I argue that in papers published in the 1990s, Kuhn provided a novel way to resolve this apparent tension between incommensurability and scientific progress. He put forward an account of their compatibility which worked not (...)
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  9. A Liberal Anti-Porn Feminism?Alex Davies - 2018 - Social Theory and Practice 44 (1):21-48.
    In the 1980s and 1990s, a series of attempts were made to put into U.S. law a civil rights ordinance that would make it possible to sue the makers and distributors of pornography for doing so (under certain conditions). One defence of such legislation has come to be called "the free speech argument against pornography." Philosophers Rae Langton, Jennifer Hornsby and Caroline West have supposed that this defence of the legislation can function as a liberal defence of the legislation: in (...)
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  10.  23
    Meta-Semantic Moral Encroachment: Some Experimental Evidence.Alex Davies, Lauris Kaplinski & Maarja Lepamets - 2019 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 12:7-33.
    This paper presents experimental evidence in support of the existence of metalinguistic moral encroachment: the influence of the moral consequences of using a word with a given content upon the content of that word. The evidence collected implies that the effect of moral factors upon content is weak. For instance, by changing the moral consequences of the sentence's truth, it was possible to shift judgements about the truth of the sentence "that's a lot of cake", when used to describe two (...)
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  11.  43
    Tactile Expectations and the Perception of Self-Touch: An Investigation Using the Rubber Hand Paradigm.Rebekah C. White, Anne M. Aimola Davies, Terri J. Halleen & Martin Davies - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):505-519.
    The rubber hand paradigm is used to create the illusion of self-touch, by having the participant administer stimulation to a prosthetic hand while the Examiner, with an identical stimulus , administers stimulation to the participant’s hand. With synchronous stimulation, participants experience the compelling illusion that they are touching their own hand. In the current study, the robustness of this illusion was assessed using incongruent stimuli. The participant used the index finger of the right hand to administer stimulation to a prosthetic (...)
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  12.  19
    Who Should Decide About Children’s and Adolescents’ Participation in Health Research? The Views of Children and Adults in Rural Kenya.Vicki Marsh, Nancy Mwangome, Irene Jao, Katharine Wright, Sassy Molyneux & Alun Davies - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):41.
    International research guidance has shifted towards an increasingly proactive inclusion of children and adolescents in health research in recognition of the need for more evidence-based treatment. Strong calls have been made for the active involvement of children and adolescents in developing research proposals and policies, including in decision-making about research participation. Much evidence and debate on this topic has focused on high-income settings, while the greatest health burdens and research gaps occur in low-middle income countries, highlighting the need to take (...)
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  13. Elaboration and Intuitions of Disagreement.Alex Davies - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (4):861-875.
    Mark Richard argues for truth-relativism about claims made using gradable adjectives. He argues that truth-relativism is the best explanation of two kinds of linguistic data, which I call: true cross-contextual reports and infelicitous denials of conflict. Richard claims that such data are generated by an example that he discusses at length. However, the consensus is that these linguistic data are illusory because they vanish when elaborations are added to examples of the same kind as Richard’s original. In this paper I (...)
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  14. Entailments Are Cancellable.Alex Davies - 2017 - Ratio 30 (3):288-304.
    Several philosophers have recently claimed that if a proposition is cancellable from an uttered sentence then that proposition is not entailed by that uttered sentence. The claim should be a familiar one. It has become a standard device in the philosopher's tool-kit. I argue that this claim is false. There is a kind of entailment—which I call “modal entailment”—that is context-sensitive and, because of this, cancellable. So cancellability does not show that a proposition is not entailed by an uttered sentence. (...)
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  15.  74
    Off-Target Responses to Occasion-Sensitivity.Alex Davies - 2014 - Dialectica 68 (4):499-523.
    In the literature on linguistic context-sensitivity, a recurrent move has been made with the intention of attacking Charles Travis's occasion-sensitivity. The move is to provide a semantic analysis of the meaning of an expression which makes the content of that expression context sensitive but without providing any reason to think that the meaning of the expression is a character. I argue that this move is off-target. Such proposals are entirely consistent with occasion-sensitivity and so don't constitute an attack on it.
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  16.  18
    Reflections on the Ethics of Participatory Visual Methods to Engage Communities in Global Health Research.Gillian F. Black, Alun Davies, Dalia Iskander & Mary Chambers - 2018 - Global Bioethics 29 (1):22-38.
    ABSTRACTThere is a growing body of literature describing conceptual frameworks for working with participatory visual methods. Through a global health lens, this paper examines some key themes within these frameworks. We reflect on our experiences of working with with an array of PVM to engage community members in Vietnam, Kenya, the Philippines and South Africa in biomedical research and public health. The participants that we have engaged in these processes live in under-resourced areas with high prevalence of communicable and non-communicable (...)
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  17.  6
    Theology and Development as Capability Expansion.Séverine Deneulin & Augusto Zampini Davies - 2016 - HTS Theological Studies 72 (4):1-13.
    For the last 25 years, human development has become part of official development discourses. It takes the normative position that the success of policies depends on whether they have expanded human flourishing, or expanded the 'freedoms' or 'capabilities' people have 'reason to value', as Amartya Sen would put it. It emphasises the importance of institutions to facilitate such expansion, and the agency of people to create such institutions. The ability of institutions to be conducive to human flourishing depends on the (...)
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  18.  25
    When You Fail to See What You Were Told to Look For: Inattentional Blindness and Task Instructions.Anne Aimola Davies, Stephen Waterman, Rebekah White & Martin Davies - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):221-230.
    Inattentional blindness studies have shown that an unexpected object may go unnoticed if it does not share the property specified in the task instructions. Our aim was to demonstrate that observers develop an attentional set for a property not specified in the task instructions if it allows easier performance of the primary task. Three experiments were conducted using a dynamic selective-looking paradigm. Stimuli comprised four black squares and four white diamonds, so that shape and colour varied together. Task instructions specified (...)
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  19.  13
    What Silence Knows - Planning, Public Participation and Environmental Values.A. Davies - 2001 - Environmental Values 10 (1):77-102.
    While fraught with ambiguities, support for greater public participation in environmental policy making is experiencing a renaissance amongst sections of government and academia, particularly within the field of land-use planning. There is concern within this cohort that the planning system silences public voices through its current mechanisms for community involvement. Proponents of participation often presuppose that more public participation will produce both 'better' decisions and environmental benefits, but to date research has focused on the front-end, or 'processes', of participation rather (...)
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  20.  11
    Tactile Expectations and the Perception of Self-Touch: An Investigation Using the Rubber Hand Paradigm.Rebekah White, Anne Aimola Davies, Terri Halleen & Martin Davies - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):505-519.
    The rubber hand paradigm is used to create the illusion of self-touch, by having the participant administer stimulation to a prosthetic hand while the Examiner, with an identical stimulus, administers stimulation to the participant’s hand. With synchronous stimulation, participants experience the compelling illusion that they are touching their own hand. In the current study, the robustness of this illusion was assessed using incongruent stimuli. The participant used the index finger of the right hand to administer stimulation to a prosthetic hand (...)
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  21.  24
    The Life and Death of a Scientific Instrument: The Marine Chronometer, 1770–1920.Alun C. Davies - 1978 - Annals of Science 35 (5):509-525.
    Successful prototype marine chronometers, developed by Harrison and others in the eighteenth century, stimulated a sector of the British watchmaking industry to supply Admiralty and commercial demand for this instrument. Chronometers, like other British-made timepieces, were constructed by an elaborate pre-industrial method of production. The instrument's static technology and extreme durability meant replacement demand was minimal, and new demand was low relative to existing stock and the industry's capacity. The First World War created a final surge of demand that left (...)
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  22. A Purpose for Context Sensitivity.Alex Davies - 2012 - Dissertation, King’s College London
    This thesis has two parts. In Part I there is an argument for the conclusion that a linguistic phenomenon known as (radical) context-sensitivity is to be expected given the limitations of those who use language to reason about empirical states of affairs. The phenomenon arises as a consequence of a process that must be performed to use language to reason validly. In Part II it is explained why the phenomenon, understood in light of the discussion of Part I, does not (...)
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  23.  15
    Omposés Grecs du Type De.A. Morpurgo Davies - 1967 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 87:158.
  24.  18
    Self-Ratings of Positive and Negative Affect and Retrieval of Positive and Negative Affect Memories.Andrew K. Macleod, Anne Andersen & Arabella Davies - 1994 - Cognition and Emotion 8 (5):483-488.
  25.  7
    The Psychology of Aesthetic Reaction to Rectangular Forms.Thomas H. Haines & Arthur Ernest Davies - 1904 - Psychological Review 11 (4-5):249-281.
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  26.  8
    Birth Weight In Israel, 1968–70 I. Effects of Birth Order and Maternal Origin.S. Grossman, Y. Handlesman & A. Michael Davies - 1974 - Journal of Biosocial Science 6 (1):43-58.
  27.  9
    Asymmetry - Where Evolutionary and Developmental Genetics Meet.Philip Batterham, Andrew G. Davies, Anne Y. Game & John A. McKenzie - 1996 - Bioessays 18 (10):841-845.
  28.  3
    The Linear Scripts and the Tablets as Historical Documents.Anna Morpurgo Davies, Sterling Dow & John Chadwick - 1973 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 93 (3):389.
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  29.  69
    Context and Communication by Herman Cappelen and Josh Dever. [REVIEW]Alex Davies - 2018 - Philosophical Quarterly 68:197-199.
  30. Testimony, Recovery and Plausible Deniability: A Response to Peet.Alex Davies - 2019 - Episteme 16 (1):18-38.
    According to telling based views of testimony (TBVs), B has reason to believe that p when A tells B that p because A thereby takes public responsibility for B's subsequent belief that p. Andrew Peet presents a new argument against TBVs. He argues that insofar as A uses context-sensitive expressions to express p, A doesn't take public responsibility for B's belief that p. Since context-sensitivity is widespread, the kind of reason TBVs say we have to believe what we're told, is (...)
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  31.  11
    Correspondence.Anne Davies & Alan Haworth - 1985 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 2 (1):155-158.
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  32.  16
    Κοπτοπωλησ.Anna Morpurgo Davies & Barbara Levick - 1971 - The Classical Review 21 (02):162-166.
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  33.  5
    An Analysis of Elementary Psychic Process.Arthur Ernest Davies - 1906 - Philosophical Review 15:106.
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  34.  6
    An Analysis of Elementary Psychic Process.Arthur Ernest Davies - 1905 - Psychological Review 12 (2-3):166-206.
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  35.  5
    Avviamento allo studio del Miceneo: struttura, problemi e testi. [REVIEW]A. Morpurgo Davies & M. Doria - 1967 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 87:160-160.
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  36. Asa Boholm and Ragnar Lofstedt, Facility Siting.A. Davies - 2005 - Environmental Values 14 (4):532.
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  37.  97
    A (Contingent) Content-Parthood Analysis of Indirect Speech Reports.Alex Davies - forthcoming - Mind and Language.
    This paper presents a semantic analysis of indirect speech reports. The analysis aims to explain a combination of two phenomena. Firstly, there are true utterances of sentences of the form α said that φ which are used to report an utterance u of a sentence wherein φ’s content is not u’s content. This implies that in uttering a single sentence, one can say several things. Secondly, when the complements of these reports (and indeed, these reports themselves) are placed in conjunctions, (...)
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  38.  61
    Attic Phonology Alan H. Sommerstein: The Sound Pattern of Ancient Greek. (Publications of the Philological Society, Xxiii.) Pp. Viii + 216. Oxford: Blackwell, 1973. Cloth, £4·50. [REVIEW]A. Morpurgo Davies - 1976 - The Classical Review 26 (01):87-88.
  39.  7
    Attic Phonology. [REVIEW]A. Davies - 1976 - The Classical Review 26 (1):87-88.
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  40. America's Real Religion.A. Powell Davies - 1949
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  41.  8
    Book Review: A New Jewish Theology in the Making. [REVIEW]Alan T. Davies - 1969 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 23 (3):366-371.
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  42.  27
    “Cheap” and “Expensive” Credit Points: A Case Study of Their Causes and Utility at a High Course-Load University.Alex Davies - 2019 - Tertiary Education and Management 25 (2):181-193.
    This paper is about the shaping of student workload preferences by educational institution design, and how this creates distrust by staff in those preferences when staff are asked to use those preferences in re-designing the courses they teach. It is a case study of the construction of student workload preferences by the context of a particular higher education institution. In more detail: Failures to standardize the work required to receive equal credit points from different courses make credit points unfit for (...)
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  43.  66
    Communicating in Contextual Ignorance.Alex Davies - forthcoming - Synthese:1-21.
    When A utters a declarative sentence in a context to B, typically A can mean a proposition by the sentence, the sentence in context literally expresses a proposition (i.e. has a truth-condition), there are propositions A and B can agree the sentence literally expressed, and B can acquire knowledge from this testimonial exchange. In recent work on linguistic communication, each of these four platitudes has been challenged, and on the same basis: viz. on the ground that exactly which proposition the (...)
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  44.  14
    Christian Lehmann: Latein mit abstrakten Strukturen. (Structura, Band 7.) Pp. 208. München: Fink, 1973. Paper, DM. 19.80. [REVIEW]A. Morpurgo Davies - 1976 - The Classical Review 26 (02):285-.
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  45.  4
    Christian Lehmann: Latein mit abstrakten Strukturen. Pp. 208. München: Fink, 1973. Paper, DM. 19.80.A. Davies - 1976 - The Classical Review 26 (2):285-285.
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  46.  20
    Does Intensional Semantics Account for 'Travis Cases'?Alex Davies - 2012 - In Piotr Stalmaszcyzk (ed.), Philosophical and Formal Approaches to Linguistic Analysis. Ontos Verlag. pp. 87.
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  47. Disorders of Spatial Orientation and Awareness: Unilateral Neglect.Anne Aimola Davies - 2004 - In Jennie Ponsford (ed.), Cognitive and Behavioral Rehabilitation: From Neurobiology to Clinical Practice. Guilford Press. pp. 175-223.
     
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  48.  3
    Discussion: Professor Titchener's Theory of Memory and Imagination.Arthur Ernest Davies - 1912 - Psychological Review 19 (2):147-157.
  49.  25
    Don»T Trust Me, I»M a Doctor: Medical Regulation and the 1999 NHS Reforms.A. C. L. Davies - 2000 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 20 (3):437-456.
    This article examines recent developments in the regulation of the medical profession in England, with particular reference to doctors working in the National Health Service (NHS). It is argued that the Health Act 1999 and associated government policies are bringing about a shift from a «light touch», self-regulatory paradigm to a government-driven, interventionist approach. It is suggested that the reason for the change is not simply a governmental concern with the quality and nature of care provided by doctors, but more (...)
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  50.  27
    Epic τε C. J. Ruijgh: Autour de 'τε épique'. Études sur la syntaxe grecque. Pp. xii + 1082. Amsterdam: Hakkert, 1971. Cloth, fl. 128. [REVIEW]A. Morpurgo Davies - 1977 - The Classical Review 27 (01):55-58.
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