Results for 'A. E. Samuels'

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  1.  21
    An Examination of the Effect of CEO Social Ties and CEO Reputation on Nonprofessional Investors’ Say-on-Pay Judgments.Steven E. Kaplan, Janet A. Samuels & Jeffrey Cohen - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 126 (1):103-117.
    CEO compensation has received much attention from both academics and regulators. However, academics have given scant attention to understanding judgments about CEO compensation by third parties such as investors. Our study contributes to the ethics literature on CEO compensation by examining whether judgments about CEO compensation are influenced by two aspects of a company’s tone at the top—social ties between the CEO and members of the Executive Compensation Committee and the CEO’s Reputation, particularly for financial reporting and disclosures. Although, stock (...)
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  2.  76
    Fate and Free Will.A. E. Samuels - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (01):56-.
  3.  50
    Fate and Free Will R. W. Sharples (Ed., Tr.): Cicero, On Fate ('De Fato') and Boethius, The Consolation of Philosophy IV.5–7, V ('Philosophiae Consolationis'). Edited with Introduction, Translation & Commentary. (Classical Texts.) Pp. Vii + 244. Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1991. £32 (Paper, £13.50). [REVIEW]A. E. Samuels - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (01):56-58.
  4.  16
    Book Reviews Section 4.E. Paul Torrance, John Walton, Calvin O. Dyer, Virgil S. Ward, Weldon Beckner, Manouchehr Pedram, William M. Alexander, Herman J. Peters, James B. Macdonald, Samuel E. Kellams, Walter L. Hodges, Gary R. Mckenzie, Robert E. Jewett, Doris A. Trojcak, H. Parker Blount, George I. Brown, Lucile Lindberg, James C. Baughman, Patricia H. Dahl, S. Jay Samuels & Christopher J. Lucas - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (4):239-255.
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  5.  17
    A Boltho, A. Vercelli E H. Yoshikawa (a Cura di), "Comparing Economic Systems: Italy and Japan".R. Samuels - 2002 - Polis 16 (3):468-469.
  6.  31
    A Defining Moment: A Feminist Perspective On The Law of Sexual Harassment in the Workplace in the Light of the Equal Treatment Amendment Directive. [REVIEW]Harriet Samuels - 2004 - Feminist Legal Studies 12 (2):181-211.
    This article considers, from a feminist perspective, the introduction of the European Equal Treatment Amendment Directive (E.T.A.D.) and its impact on the law of sexual harassment in the United Kingdom. Since feminists identified sexual harassment as a problem for women in the 1970s, feminist legal scholars have focused their attention on the law as a means of redressing it. Bringing claims in the U.K. has been difficult because of the absence of a definition of sexual harassment and reliance in the (...)
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  7.  5
    A nova política dos governadores.Fernando Luiz Abrucio & David Samuels - 1997 - Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política 40.
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  8. Overselling the Case Against Normativism.Tim Fuller & Richard Samuels - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (5):255-255.
    Though we are in broad agreement with much of Elqayam & Evans' (E&E's) position, we criticize two aspects of their argument. First, rejecting normativism is unlikely to yield the benefits that E&E seek. Second, their conception of rational norms is overly restrictive and, as a consequence, their arguments at most challenge a relatively restrictive version of normativism.
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  9.  73
    Delusions as a Natural Kind.Richard Samuels - 2009 - In Matthew Broome & Lisa Bortolotti (eds.), Psychiatry as Cognitive Neuroscience: Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford University Press. pp. 49--79.
  10. Rationality and Psychology.Richard Samuels & Stephen Stich - 2004 - In Piers Rawling & Alfred R. Mele (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Rationality. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 279-300.
    Samuels and Stich explore the debate over the extent to which ordinary human reasoning and decision making is rational. One prominent cluster of views, often associated with the heuristics and biases tradition in psychology, maintains that human reasoning is, in important respects, normatively problematic or irrational. Samuels and Stich start by sketching some key experimental findings from this tradition and describe a range of pessimistic claims about the rationality of ordinary people that these and related findings are sometimes (...)
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  11. Evolutionary Psychology and the Massive Modularity Hypothesis.Richard Samuels - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (4):575-602.
    In recent years evolutionary psychologists have developed and defended the Massive Modularity Hypothesis, which maintains that our cognitive architecture—including the part that subserves ‘central processing’ —is largely or perhaps even entirely composed of innate, domain-specific computational mechanisms or ‘modules’. In this paper I argue for two claims. First, I show that the two main arguments that evolutionary psychologists have offered for this general architectural thesis fail to provide us with any reason to prefer it to a competing picture of the (...)
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  12. FULLER, B. A. E. -The Problem of Evil in Plotinus. [REVIEW]A. E. Taylor - 1913 - Mind 22:403.
  13. A Commentary on Plato's Timaeus.A. E. Taylor - 1928 - Garland.
  14.  9
    What Brains Won’T Tell Us About the Mind: A Critique of the Neurobiological Argument Against R.Richard Samuels - 1998 - Mind and Language 13 (4):548-570.
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  15.  20
    Rethinking Rationality: From Bleak Implications to Darwinian Modules.Richard Samuels, Stephen Stich & Patrice D. Tremoulet - 1999 - In Kepa Korta, Ernest Sosa & Xabier Arrazola (eds.), Cognition, Agency and Rationality. Springer Verlag. pp. 21-62.
    There is a venerable philosophical tradition that views human beings as intrinsically rational, though even the most ardent defender of this view would admit that under certain circumstances people’s decisions and thought processes can be very irrational indeed. When people are extremely tired, or drunk, or in the grip of rage, they sometimes reason and act in ways that no account of rationality would condone. About thirty years ago, Amos Tversky, Daniel Kahneman and a number of other psychologists began reporting (...)
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  16.  50
    Plato: The Man and His Work.A. E. Taylor - 1926 - Routledge.
    This book provides an introduction to Plato’s work that gives a clear statement of what Plato has to say about the problems of thought and life. In particular, it tells the reader just what Plato says, and makes no attempt to force a system on the Platonic text or to trim Plato’s works to suit contemporary philosophical tastes. The author also gives an account that has historical fidelity - we cannot really understand the Republic or the Gorgias if we forget (...)
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  17. Massively Modular Minds: Evolutionary Psychology and Cognitive Architecture.Richard Samuels - 2000 - In Peter Carruthers (ed.), Evolution and the Human Mind: Modularity, Language and Meta-Cognition. Cambridge University Press. pp. 13--46.
    What are the elements from which the human mind is composed? What structures make up our _cognitive architecture?_ One of the most recent and intriguing answers to this question comes from the newly emerging interdisciplinary field of evolutionary psychology. Evolutionary psychologists defend a _massively modular_ conception of mental architecture which views the mind –including those parts responsible for such ‘central processes’ as belief revision and reasoning— as composed largely or perhaps even entirely of innate, special-purpose computational mechanisms or ‘modules’ that (...)
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  18. Nativism in Cognitive Science.Richard Samuels - 2002 - Mind and Language 17 (3):233-65.
    Though nativist hypotheses have played a pivotal role in the development of cognitive science, it remains exceedingly obscure how they—and the debates in which they figure—ought to be understood. The central aim of this paper is to provide an account which addresses this concern and in so doing: a) makes sense of the roles that nativist theorizing plays in cognitive science and, moreover, b), explains why it really matters to the contemporary study of cognition. I conclude by outlining a range (...)
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  19.  68
    Why Don't Concepts Constitute a Natural Kind?Richard Samuels & Michael Ferreira - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):222 - 223.
    Machery argues that concepts do not constitute a natural kind. We argue that this is a mistake. When appropriately construed, his discussion in fact bolsters the claim that concepts are a natural kind.
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  20. Can an Effect Precede Its Cause.A. E. Dummett & A. Flew - 1954 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 28 (3):27-62.
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  21. Ending the Rationality Wars: How to Make Disputes About Human Rationality Disappear.Richard Samuels, Stephen Stich & Michael Bishop - 2002 - In Renee Elio (ed.), Common Sense, Reasoning and Rationality. Oxford University Press. pp. 236-268.
    During the last 25 years, researchers studying human reasoning and judgment in what has become known as the “heuristics and biases” tradition have produced an impressive body of experimental work which many have seen as having “bleak implications” for the rationality of ordinary people (Nisbett and Borgida 1975). According to one proponent of this view, when we reason about probability we fall victim to “inevitable illusions” (Piattelli-Palmarini 1994). Other proponents maintain that the human mind is prone to “systematic deviations from (...)
     
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  22. Innateness in Cognitive Science.Richard Samuels - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (3):136-141.
    has a more specific role to play in the development of Of course, the conclusion to draw is not that innateness innate cognitive structure. In particular, a common claim claims are trivially false or that they cannot be character-.
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  23.  10
    Plato: The Man and His Work (Rle: Plato).A. E. Taylor - 1926 - Routledge.
    This book provides an introduction to Plato’s work that gives a clear statement of what Plato has to say about the problems of thought and life. In particular, it tells the reader just what Plato says, and makes no attempt to force a system on the Platonic text or to trim Plato’s works to suit contemporary philosophical tastes. The author also gives an account that has historical fidelity - we cannot really understand the Republic or the Gorgias if we forget (...)
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  24.  13
    Reporting Underage Consensual Sex After the Teddy Bear Case: A Different Perspective.A. E. Strode, J. D. Toohey, C. Slack & S. Bhamjee - 2013 - South African Journal of Bioethics and Law 6 (2):45.
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  25.  30
    Acceptable Risks and Burdens for Children in Research Without Direct Benefit: A Systematic Analysis of the Decisions Made by the Dutch Central Committee.A. E. Westra, R. N. Sukhai, J. M. Wit, I. D. de Beaufort & A. F. Cohen - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (7):420-424.
    Objectives To evaluate whether the requirement of “minimal risk and burden” for paediatric research without direct benefit to the subjects compromises the ability to obtain data necessary for improving paediatric care. To provide evidence-based reflections on the EU recommendation that allows for a higher level of risk. Design and setting Systematic analysis of the approval/rejection decisions made by the Dutch Central Committee on Research involving Human Subjects (CCMO). Review methods The analysis included 165 proposals for paediatric research without direct benefit (...)
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  26.  58
    A Social Psychological View of Morality: Why Knowledge of Situational Influences on Behaviour Can Improve Character Development Practices.Steven M. Samuels & William D. Casebeer - 2005 - Journal of Moral Education 34 (1):73-87.
    Results from research in social psychology, such as findings about the fundamental attribution error and other situational influences on behaviour, are often used to justify attacking the existence of character traits. From this perspective, character development is an illusion, an impossibility, or both. We offer a different interpretation of how these issues interact with character development concerns. Rather than undermining the very idea of character traits, social psychology actually sheds light on the manner in which character development can occur. It (...)
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  27. The Economy as a Process of Valuation.Warren J. Samuels, Steven G. Medema & A. Allan Schmid - 1997
     
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  28.  25
    A System of Social Science: Papers Relating to Adam Smith. Andrew S. Skinner.Warren J. Samuels - 1981 - Ethics 91 (4):689-691.
  29. Is the Human Mind Massively Modular?Richard Samuels - 2006 - In Rod Stainton (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Cognitive Science. Blackwell.
    Among the most pervasive and fundamental assumptions in cognitive science is that the human mind (or mind-brain) is a mechanism of some sort: a physical device com- posed of functionally specifiable subsystems. On this view, functional decomposition – the analysis of the overall system into functionally specifiable parts – becomes a central project for a science of the mind, and the resulting theories of cognitive archi- tecture essential to our understanding of human psychology.
     
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  30.  71
    The Magical Number Two, Plus or Minus: Dual Process Theory as a Theory of Cognitive Kinds.Richard Samuels - 2009 - In Keith Frankish & Jonathan St B. T. Evans (eds.), In Two Minds: Dual Processes and Beyond. Oxford University Press. pp. 129--146.
  31.  15
    What Plato Said.A. E. Taylor & Paul Shorey - 1933 - Philosophical Review 42 (6):627.
  32.  4
    Action at a Distance in Nineteenth Century Electrodynamics.A. E. Woodruff - 1962 - Isis 53 (4):439-459.
  33.  97
    Classical Computationalism and the Many Problems of Cognitive Relevance.Richard Samuels - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (3):280-293.
    In this paper I defend the classical computational account of reasoning against a range of highly influential objections, sometimes called relevance problems. Such problems are closely associated with the frame problem in artificial intelligence and, to a first approximation, concern the issue of how humans are able to determine which of a range of representations are relevant to the performance of a given cognitive task. Though many critics maintain that the nature and existence of such problems provide grounds for rejecting (...)
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  34. Reason and Rationality.Richard Samuels, Stephen Stich & Luc Faucher - 2004 - In M. Sintonen, J. Wolenski & I. Niiniluoto (eds.), Handbook of Epistemology. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 1-50.
    Over the past few decades, reasoning and rationality have been the focus of enormous interdisciplinary attention, attracting interest from philosophers, psychologists, economists, statisticians and anthropologists, among others. The widespread interest in the topic reflects the central status of reasoning in human affairs. But it also suggests that there are many different though related projects and tasks which need to be addressed if we are to attain a comprehensive understanding of reasoning.
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  35.  9
    On Work-Hardening in Ordered Alloys.A. E. Vidoz & L. M. Brown - 1962 - Philosophical Magazine 7 (79):1167-1175.
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  36. What Brains Won't Tell Us About the Mind: A Critique of the Neurobiological Argument Against Representational Nativism.Richard Samuels - 1998 - Mind and Language 13 (4):548-570.
  37. Science and Human Nature.Richard Samuels - 2012 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 70:1-28.
    There is a puzzling tension in contemporary scientific attitudes towards human nature. On the one hand, evolutionary biologists correctly maintain that the traditional essentialist conception of human nature is untenable; and moreover that this is obviously so in the light of quite general and exceedingly well-known evolutionary considerations. On the other hand, talk of human nature abounds in certain regions of the sciences, especially in linguistics, psychology and cognitive science. In this paper I articulate a conception of human nature that (...)
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  38.  37
    Parmenides, Zeno, and Socrates.A. E. Taylor - 1916 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 16:234-289.
  39.  18
    Improving the Helsinki Declaration's Guidance on Research in Incompetent Subjects.Anna Eva Westra & Inez de Beaufort - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (3):278-280.
    Research involving children or other incompetent subjects who are deemed unable to provide informed consent is complex, particularly in the case of research that does not directly benefit the research subjects themselves. The Helsinki Declaration, the World Medical Association's landmark document for research ethics, therefore states that incompetent research subjects must not be included in such research unless it entails only minimal risk and minimal burden. In this paper, we argue that now that research in these groups is expected to (...)
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  40. Erasing the Invisible Hand: Essays on an Elusive and Misused Concept in Economics.Warren J. Samuels - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines the use, principally in economics, of the concept of the invisible hand, centering on Adam Smith. It interprets the concept as ideology, knowledge, and a linguistic phenomenon. It shows how the principal Chicago School interpretation misperceives and distorts what Smith believed on the economic role of government. The essays further show how Smith was silent as to his intended meaning, using the term to set minds at rest; how the claim that the invisible hand is the foundational (...)
     
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  41. The Decline and Fall of the State in Republic, VIII.A. E. Taylor - 1939 - Mind 48 (189):23-38.
  42.  67
    Research Ethics Committees at Work: The Experience of One Multi-Location Study.A. E. While - 1996 - Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (6):352-355.
    OBJECTIVES: To report the outcome of applications to 43 research ethics committees. SETTING: Four regional health authorities in England. FINDINGS: The research ethics committees varied considerably in their practices. The time lapse until notification of the outcome of the approval ranged from just under one week to 23 weeks with a mean of 8.6 weeks. Four research ethics committees failed to notify the research team of an outcome of their request for approval. CONCLUSION: A national research ethics committee is needed (...)
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  43.  3
    Women Asylum Seekers in the Current Crisis: A Conversation.Harriet Samuels - 2017 - Feminist Legal Studies 25 (1):99-122.
    To mark International Women’s Day the Research Group for Law, Gender and Sexuality at Westminster Law School held an evening conversation on 10 March 2016 on Women and Asylum. Speakers working in different areas of the asylum system shared their insights and experiences with an audience of staff, students, activists and other visitors. Harriet Samuels chaired the conversation and the speakers were Princess Chine Onyeukwu, Debora Singer, Priya Solanki and Zoe Harper. This article is an edited extract from the (...)
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  44.  39
    From Playfulness and Self-Centredness Via Grand Expectations to Normalisation: A Psychoanalytical Rereading of the History of Molecular Genetics. [REVIEW]H. A. E. Zwart - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):775-788.
    In this paper, I will reread the history of molecular genetics from a psychoanalytical angle, analysing it as a case history. Building on the developmental theories of Freud and his followers, I will distinguish four stages, namely: (1) oedipal childhood, notably the epoch of model building (1943–1953); (2) the latency period, with a focus on the development of basic skills (1953–1989); (3) adolescence, exemplified by the Human Genome Project, with its fierce conflicts, great expectations and grandiose claims (1989–2003) and (4) (...)
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  45. BRÉHIER, E. -Histoire de la Philosophie, Tom. I, Fasc. 1 and 2. [REVIEW]A. E. Taylor - 1927 - Mind 36:503.
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  46. BRÉHIER, E. -Histoire de la Philosophie, II. 3: Le Xixe Siècle, 1800-1850. [REVIEW]A. E. Taylor - 1932 - Mind 41:532.
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  47. BEVAN, E. -Hellenism and Christianity. [REVIEW]A. E. Taylor - 1922 - Mind 31:352.
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  48. BRÉHIER, E. -Histoire de la Philosophie: II. 4. [REVIEW]A. E. Taylor - 1933 - Mind 42:120.
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  49. BRÉHIER, É. -Histoire de la Philosophie, II. 2: Le Díx-Huitième Siècle. [REVIEW]A. E. Taylor - 1931 - Mind 40:120.
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  50. C. E. M. Joad, Common-Sense Theology. [REVIEW]A. E. Taylor - 1922 - Hibbert Journal 21:396.
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