Results for 'A. Engstr��m'

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  1.  10
    The Demarcation of the Metaphorical.Anders Engstrøm - 1996 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 29 (4):369 - 383.
  2.  55
    Virtue and Character: A. D. M. Walker.A. D. M. Walker - 1989 - Philosophy 64 (249):349-362.
    Moral theories which, like those of Plato, Aristotle and Aquinas, give a central place to the virtues, tend to assume that as traits of character the virtues are mutually compatible so that it is possible for one and the same person to possess them all. This assumption—let us call it the compatibility thesis—does not deny the existence of painful moral dilemmas: it allows that the virtues may conflict in particular situations when considerations associated with different virtues favour incompatible courses of (...)
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  3.  36
    Hintikka and Sandu on Metaphor.Anders Engstrøm - 2001 - Philosophia 28 (1-4):391-410.
    According to Hintikka and Sandu, metaphorical meaning is word-based and can be analyzed in the framework of possible world semantics (PWS) by means of nonstandard meaning lines drawn via similarity considerations. It is shown how PWS offers an analytical tool which enables Hintikka and Sandu's theory to resist classical objections against the comparison view and theories involving considerations to alternative scenarios. It is further argued that Hintikka and Sandu's theory is superior to Davidson's "non-meaning" theory of metaphor and the speech-act (...)
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  4. Metaphor and Ambiguity.Anders Engstrøm - 1996 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 31 (1):7-19.
  5. Metaforer og lighed.Anders Engstrøm - 1996 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 3.
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  6.  61
    Metaphor and Truth-Conditional Semantics: Meaning as Process and Product.Finn Collin & Anders Engstrøm - 2001 - Theoria 67 (1):75-92.
  7. Can a Theory-Laden Observation Test the Theory?A. Franklin, M. Anderson, D. Brock, S. Coleman, J. Downing, A. Gruvander, J. Lilly, J. Neal, D. Peterson, M. Price, R. Rice, L. Smith, S. Speirer & D. Toering - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (2):229-231.
  8.  16
    The Athens of Demosthenes. By A. H. M. Jones. Pp. 32. Cambridge: University Press, 1952. 2s. 6d.C. Rodewald & A. H. M. Jones - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74:241-242.
  9. Solidarity: A Moral Concept in Need of Clarification (Editorial).A. Dawson & M. Verweij - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (1):1--5.
  10.  20
    How to Combine Hermeneutics and Wide Reflective Equilibrium?: A Comment on M. Ebbesen and B. Pedersen, How to Formulate Normative Ethical Principles by Use of Empirical Investigations Within Biomedicine.Guy A. M. Widdershoven - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (1):49-52.
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  11.  37
    Validating a Standardised Test Battery for Synesthesia: Does the Synesthesia Battery Reliably Detect Synesthesia?D. A. Carmichael, M. P. Down, R. C. Shillcock, D. M. Eagleman & J. Simner - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:375-385.
  12. Discerning Elementary Particles.F. A. Muller & M. P. Seevinck - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (2):179-200.
    We maximally extend the quantum‐mechanical results of Muller and Saunders ( 2008 ) establishing the ‘weak discernibility’ of an arbitrary number of similar fermions in finite‐dimensional Hilbert spaces. This confutes the currently dominant view that ( A ) the quantum‐mechanical description of similar particles conflicts with Leibniz’s Principle of the Identity of Indiscernibles (PII); and that ( B ) the only way to save PII is by adopting some heavy metaphysical notion such as Scotusian haecceitas or Adamsian primitive thisness. We (...)
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  13. The Distributed Human Neural System for Face Perception.Elizabeth A. Hoffman, M. Ida Gobbini & James V. Haxby - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (6):223-233.
    Face perception, perhaps the most highly developed visual skill in humans, is mediated by a distributed neural system in humans that is comprised of multiple, bilateral regions. We propose a model for the organization of this system that emphasizes a distinction between the representation of invariant and changeable aspects of faces. The representation of invariant aspects of faces underlies the recognition of individuals, whereas the representation of changeable aspects of faces, such as eye gaze, expression, and lip movement, underlies the (...)
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  14.  10
    Ethnography of Meditation: An Account of Pursuing Meditative Practice as a Tool for Researching Consciousness.U. Kordes, A. Oblak, M. Smrdu & E. Demsar - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (7-8):184-237.
    The article explores meditation-based examination of experience as a means for developing a contemplative, nonnaturalized, and existentially meaningful empirical research of consciousness in which the experiencing person is regarded as the primary investigator. As the first phase of a broader project, a group of seven researchers carried out a series of five meditation retreats. We sampled the ongoing experience of the researchers at the same random moments during meditation practice. The acquired data, consisting of more than 500 journal entries, interview (...)
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  15.  76
    A Formal Semantic Analysis of Gesture.A. Lascarides & M. Stone - 2009 - Journal of Semantics 26 (4):393-449.
    The gestures that speakers use in tandem with speech include not only conventionalized actions with identifiable meanings (so-called narrow gloss gestures or emblems) but also productive iconic and deictic gestures whose form and meanings seem largely improvised in context. In this paper, we bridge the descriptive tradition with formal models of reference and discourse structure so as to articulate an approach to the interpretation of these productive gestures. Our model captures gestures' partial and incomplete meanings as derived from form and (...)
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  16.  5
    A Probabilistic Constraints Approach to Language Acquisition and Processing-Influences of Content-Based Expectations.S. A. Clark, M. S. Seidenberg & M. C. MacDonald - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (4):569-588.
  17.  30
    Towards a Richer Debate on Tissue Engineering: A Consideration on the Basis of NEST-Ethics. [REVIEW]A. J. M. Oerlemans, M. E. C. Hoek, E. Leeuwen, S. Burg & W. J. M. Dekkers - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):963-981.
    In their 2007 paper, Swierstra and Rip identify characteristic tropes and patterns of moral argumentation in the debate about the ethics of new and emerging science and technologies (or “NEST-ethics”). Taking their NEST-ethics structure as a starting point, we considered the debate about tissue engineering (TE), and argue what aspects we think ought to be a part of a rich and high-quality debate of TE. The debate surrounding TE seems to be predominantly a debate among experts. When considering the NEST-ethics (...)
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  18. Towards a Hierarchical Definition of Life, the Organism, and Death.Gerard A. J. M. Jagers op Akkerhuis - 2010 - Foundations of Science 15 (3):245-262.
    Despite hundreds of definitions, no consensus exists on a definition of life or on the closely related and problematic definitions of the organism and death. These problems retard practical and theoretical development in, for example, exobiology, artificial life, biology and evolution. This paper suggests improving this situation by basing definitions on a theory of a generalized particle hierarchy. This theory uses the common denominator of the “operator” for a unified ranking of both particles and organisms, from elementary particles to animals (...)
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  19.  11
    Possession in Football: More Than a Quantitative Aspect – A Mixed Method Study.Claudio A. Casal, M. Teresa Anguera, Rubén Maneiro & José L. Losada - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  20.  21
    The World-Time Parallel: Tense and Modality in Logic and Metaphysics.A. A. Rini & M. J. Cresswell - 2012 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Is what could have happened but never did as real as what did happen? What did happen, but isn't happening now, happened at another time. Analogously, one can say that what could have happened happens in another possible world. Whatever their views about the reality of such things as possible worlds, philosophers need to take this analogy seriously. Adriane Rini and Max Cresswell exhibit, in an easy step-by-step manner, the logical structure of temporal and modal discourse, and show that every (...)
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  21.  13
    The Role of Prosody in the Interpretation of Structural Ambiguities: A Study of Anticipatory Eye Movements.A. Weber, M. Grice & M. Crocker - 2006 - Cognition 99 (2):B63-B72.
  22.  9
    Towards a Richer Debate on Tissue Engineering: A Consideration on the Basis of NEST-Ethics. [REVIEW]A. J. M. Oerlemans, M. E. C. van Hoek, E. van Leeuwen, S. van der Burg & W. J. M. Dekkers - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):963-981.
    In their 2007 paper, Swierstra and Rip identify characteristic tropes and patterns of moral argumentation in the debate about the ethics of new and emerging science and technologies (or “NEST-ethics”). Taking their NEST-ethics structure as a starting point, we considered the debate about tissue engineering (TE), and argue what aspects we think ought to be a part of a rich and high-quality debate of TE. The debate surrounding TE seems to be predominantly a debate among experts. When considering the NEST-ethics (...)
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  23.  17
    Science, Pigs, and Politics: A New Zealand Perspective on the Phase-Out of Sow Stalls. [REVIEW]S. A. Weaver & M. C. Morris - 2004 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (1):51-66.
    Sows housed in stalls are kept insuch extreme confinement that they are unableto turn around. In some sectors of the porkindustry, sows are subjected to this degree ofconfinement for almost their entire lives(apart from the brief periods associated withmating). While individual confinement isrecognized by farmers and animal welfarecommunity organizations alike, as a valuabletool in sow husbandry (to mitigate againstaggression), what remains questionable from ananimal welfare point of view is the necessityto confine sows in such small spaces.In 2001, the Australian Journal (...)
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  24.  21
    M. A. BARG, "Epohi I Idei: Stanovlenie Istorisma" [Epochs and Ideas: The Becoming of Historism].Michael A. Kissell & M. A. Barg - 1991 - History and Theory 30 (3):384.
  25. Please Note That Not All Books Mentioned on This List Will Be Reviewed. Anand, S., Peter, F. And Sen, A.: 2005, Public Health, Ethics and Equity. OUP. ISBN: 199276366. Price: $99. Ashcroft, R., Lucassen, A., Parker, M., Verkerk. [REVIEW]L. R. Frankel, A. Goldworth & M. V. Rorty - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9:259.
     
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  26. Public and Private Self-Consciousness: Assessment and Theory.A. Fenigstein & M. F. Matthews Scheier - 1975 - Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 43:522-27.
  27. Family Consent, Communication, and Advance Directives for Cancer Disclosure: A Japanese Case and Discussion.A. Akabayashi, M. D. Fetters & T. S. Elwyn - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (4):296-301.
    The dilemma of whether and how to disclose a diagnosis of cancer or of any other terminal illness continues to be a subject of worldwide interest. We present the case of a 62-year-old Japanese woman afflicted with advanced gall bladder cancer who had previously expressed a preference not to be told a diagnosis of cancer. The treating physician revealed the diagnosis to the family first, and then told the patient: "You don't have any cancer yet, but if we don't treat (...)
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  28.  78
    Against Definitions.J. A. Fodor, M. F. Garrett, E. C. T. Walker & C. H. Parkes - 1980 - Cognition 8 (3):263-367.
  29.  59
    The World-Time Parallel: Tense and Modality in Logic and Metaphysics.A. A. Rini & M. J. Cresswell - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Is what could have happened but never did as real as what did happen? What did happen, but isn't happening now, happened at another time. Analogously, one can say that what could have happened happens in another possible world. Whatever their views about the reality of such things as possible worlds, philosophers need to take this analogy seriously. Adriane Rini and Max Cresswell exhibit, in an easy step-by-step manner, the logical structure of temporal and modal discourse, and show that every (...)
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  30.  22
    A Proto-Code of Ethics and Conduct for European Nurse Directors.A. Stievano, M. G. D. Marinis, D. Kelly, J. Filkins, I. Meyenburg-Altwarg, M. Petrangeli & V. Tschudin - 2012 - Nursing Ethics 19 (2):279-288.
    The proto-code of ethics and conduct for European nurse directors was developed as a strategic and dynamic document for nurse managers in Europe. It invites critical dialogue, reflective thinking about different situations, and the development of specific codes of ethics and conduct by nursing associations in different countries. The term proto-code is used for this document so that specifically country-orientated or organization-based and practical codes can be developed from it to guide professionals in more particular or situation-explicit reflection and values. (...)
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  31.  9
    Unconscious Context-Specific Proportion Congruency Effect in a Stroop-Like Task.A. Panadero, M. C. Castellanos & P. Tudela - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 31:35-45.
  32.  22
    A Model of Consolation.A. Norberg, M. Bergsten & B. Lundman - 2001 - Nursing Ethics 8 (6):544-553.
    Consolation is needed when a human being suffers (i.e. feels alienated from him-or herself, from other people, from the world or from his or her ultimate source of meaning). The aim of this study was to illuminate the meaning of consolation. Tape-recorded narrative interviews were carried out with 18 professionals from various spheres. The transcribed interviews were interpreted hermeneutically. A model of consolation is outlined in a drawing. It states that the mediator and the receiver of consolation must become ready (...)
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  33.  22
    An Effective Metacognitive Strategy: Learning by Doing and Explaining with a Computer‐Based Cognitive Tutor.Vincent A. W. M. M. Aleven & Kenneth R. Koedinger - 2002 - Cognitive Science 26 (2):147-179.
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  34.  17
    A Comparative Survey on Potentially Futile Treatments Between Japanese Nurses and Laypeople.Y. Kadooka, A. Asai, M. Fukuyama & S. Bito - 2014 - Nursing Ethics 21 (1):64-75.
  35. Free Will, Causes, and Decisions: Individual Differences in Written Reports.Adam Feltz, A. Perez & M. Harris - 2012 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 19 (9-10):166-189.
    We present evidence indicating new individual differences with people's intuitions about the relation of determinism to freedom and moral responsibility. We analysed participants' written explanations of why a person acted. Participants offered one of either 'decision' or 'causal' based explanations of behaviours in some paradigmatic cases. Those who gave causal explanations tended to have more incompatibilist intuitions than those who gave decision explanations. Importantly, the affective content of a scenario influenced the type of explanation given. Scenarios containing highly affective actions (...)
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  36.  20
    Practical Wisdom in Complex Medical Practices: A Critical Proposal.C. M. M. L. Bontemps-Hommen, A. Baart & F. T. H. Vosman - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (1):95-105.
    In recent times, daily, ordinary medical practices have incontrovertibly been developing under the condition of complexity. Complexity jeopardizes the moral core of practicing medicine: helping people, with their illnesses and suffering, in a medically competent way. Practical wisdom has been proposed as part of the solution to navigate complexity, aiming at the provision of morally good care. Practical wisdom should help practitioners to maneuver in complexity, where the presupposed linear ways of operating prove to be insufficient. However, this solution is (...)
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  37. Political Obligation and the Argument From Gratitude.A. D. M. Walker - 1988 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 17 (3):191-211.
  38.  25
    The Concept of “Command Neurons” in Explanations of Behavior.C. A. Fowler & M. T. Turvey - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):20-22.
  39. The Proper Role of Intuitions in Epistemology.A. Feltz & M. Bishop - 2010 - In M. Milkowski & K. Talmont-Kaminski (eds.), Beyond Description: Normativity in Naturalized Philosophy. College Publication.
    Intuitions play an important role in contemporary philosophy. It is common for theories in epistemology, morality, semantics and metaphysics to be rejected because they are inconsistent with a widely and firmly held intuition. Our goal in this paper is to explore the role of epistemic intuitions in epistemology from a naturalistic perspective. Here is the question we take to be central: (Q) Ought we to trust our epistemic intuitions as evidence in support of our epistemological theories? We will understand this (...)
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  40.  5
    Managers Perspectives of Institutionalization of Ethics.A. Jose & M. S. Thibodeaux - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 22 (2):133-143.
    Corporate America is institutionalizing ethics through a variety of structures, systems, and processes. This study sought to identify managerial perceptions regarding the institutionalization of ethics in organizations. Eighty-six corporate level marketing and human resource managers of American multi-national corporations responded to a mail survey regarding the various implicit and explicit ways by which corporations institutionalize ethics. The results revealed that managers found ethics to be good for the bottom line of the organizations, they did not perceive the need for additional (...)
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  41.  74
    Gratefulness and Gratitude.A. D. M. Walker - 1981 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 81:39 - 55.
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  42.  31
    Barriers and Facilitators to Consulting Hospital Clinical Ethics Committees.A. Gaudine, M. Lamb, S. M. LeFort & L. Thorne - 2011 - Nursing Ethics 18 (6):767-780.
    Hospitals in many countries have had clinical ethics committees for over 20 years. Despite this, there has been little research to evaluate these committees and growing evidence that they are underutilized. To address this gap, we investigated the question ‘What are the barriers and facilitators nurses and physicians perceive in consulting their hospital ethics committee?’ Thirty-four nurses, 10 nurse managers and 31 physicians working at four Canadian hospitals were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide as part of a larger investigation. (...)
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  43.  64
    “Here’s My Dilemma”. Moral Case Deliberation as a Platform for Discussing Everyday Ethics in Elderly Care.S. van der Dam, T. A. Abma, M. J. M. Kardol & G. A. M. Widdershoven - 2012 - Health Care Analysis 20 (3):250-267.
    Our study presents an overview of the issues that were brought forward by participants of a moral case deliberation (MCD) project in two elderly care organizations. The overview was inductively derived from all case descriptions (N = 202) provided by participants of seven mixed MCD groups, consisting of care providers from various professional backgrounds, from nursing assistant to physician. The MCD groups were part of a larger MCD project within two care institutions (residential homes and nursing homes). Care providers are (...)
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  44.  29
    Allocution Prononcée Par M. A. Ch'telet.A. Tarski, M. Krasner, A. Mostowski & R. de Possel - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):284-285.
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  45.  30
    Developing a Problem-Based Learning (PBL) Curriculum for Professionalism and Scientific Integrity Training for Biomedical Graduate Students.N. L. Jones, A. M. Peiffer, A. Lambros, M. Guthold, A. D. Johnson, M. Tytell, A. E. Ronca & J. C. Eldridge - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (10):614-619.
    A multidisciplinary faculty committee designed a curriculum to shape biomedical graduate students into researchers with a high commitment to professionalism and social responsibility and to provide students with tools to navigate complex, rapidly evolving academic and societal environments with a strong ethical commitment. The curriculum used problem-based learning (PBL), because it is active and learner-centred and focuses on skill and process development. Two courses were developed: Scientific Professionalism: Scientific Integrity addressed discipline-specific and broad professional norms and obligations for the ethical (...)
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  46.  23
    Affective Evaluations of Objects Are Influenced by Observed Gaze Direction and Emotional Expression.A. BAyliss, A. Frischen, M. Fenske & S. Tipper - 2007 - Cognition 104 (3):644-653.
    Gaze direction signals another person’s focus of interest. Facial expressions convey information about their mental state. Appropriate responses to these signals should reflect their combined influence, yet current evidence suggests that gaze-cueing effects for objects near an observed face are not modulated by its emotional expression. Here, we extend the investigation of perceived gaze direction and emotional expression by considering their combined influence on affective judgments. While traditional response-time measures revealed equal gaze-cueing effects for happy and disgust faces, affective evaluations (...)
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  47.  43
    Perceived Ethical Values of Malaysian Managers.A. R. M. Zabid & S. K. Alsagoff - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (4):331-337.
    This paper examines the perceived ethical values of Malaysian managers. It is based on the opinions of 15 hypothetical ethical/unethical business situations from the 81 managers who agreed to participate in the survey. The findings of this study showed that these Malaysian managers have high ethical values. However 53% of the respondents believed that the ethical standards of today are lower than that of 15 years ago. Apparently, this is related to the existence of many unethical business practices prevalent in (...)
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  48.  15
    Aristoteles Latinus, Pars Posterior: Codices Descripsit †G. Lacombe, in Societatem Operis Adsumptis A. Birkenmajer, M. Dulong, Aet. Franceschini: Supplementis Indicibusque Instruxit L. Minio-Paluello. Cambridge: University Press, 1955. Pp. 617. 84s. Net. [REVIEW]D. J. Allan, G. Lacombe, A. Birkenmajer & M. Dulong - 1957 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 77 (1):172-172.
  49.  21
    The Oedipus Tyrannus of Sophocles. Translated and Explained by J. T. Sheppard, M.A., Fellow of King's College, Cambridge. Pp. Lxxix + 179. Cambridge University Press, 1920. [REVIEW]W. M. A. - 1922 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 42 (1):109-112.
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  50.  17
    Phenomenal Characteristics Associated with Projecting Oneself Back Into the Past and Forward Into the Future: Influence of Valence and Temporal Distance.A. DArgembeau & M. Vanderlinden - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):844-858.
    As humans, we frequently engage in mental time travel, reliving past experiences and imagining possible future events. This study examined whether similar factors affect the subjective experience associated with remembering the past and imagining the future. Participants mentally “re-experienced” or “pre-experienced” positive and negative events that differed in their temporal distance from the present , and then rated the phenomenal characteristics associated with their representations. For both past and future, representations of positive events were associated with a greater feeling of (...)
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