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Allan Franklin [77]A. Todd Franklin [7]Alexander Franklin [7]Anna Franklin [6]
A. Franklin [5]Adrian Franklin [3]A. Mildred Franklin [3]Alfred White Franklin [2]

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Andrew Franklin-Hall
University of Toronto, St. George Campus
Alexander Franklin
King's College London
Aaron Franklin
University of California, Santa Cruz
  1. The Neglect of Experiment.Allan Franklin - 1986 - Cambridge University Press.
    What role have experiments played, and should they play, in physics? How does one come to believe rationally in experimental results? The Neglect of Experiment attempts to provide answers to both of these questions. Professor Franklin's approach combines the detailed study of four episodes in the history of twentieth century physics with an examination of some of the philosophical issues involved. The episodes are the discovery of parity nonconservation in the 1950s; the nondiscovery of parity nonconservation in the 1930s, when (...)
     
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  2. Whence the Effectiveness of Effective Field Theories?Alexander Franklin - 2020 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 71 (4):1235-1259.
    Effective quantum field theories are effective insofar as they apply within a prescribed range of length-scales, but within that range they predict and describe with extremely high accuracy and precision. The effectiveness of EFTs is explained by identifying the features—the scaling behaviour of the parameters—that lead to effectiveness. The explanation relies on distinguishing autonomy with respect to changes in microstates, from autonomy with respect to changes in microlaws, and relating these, respectively, to renormalizability and naturalness. It is claimed that the (...)
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  3. On the Renormalization Group Explanation of Universality.Alexander Franklin - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (2):225-248.
    It is commonly claimed that the universality of critical phenomena is explained through particular applications of the renormalization group. This article has three aims: to clarify the structure of the explanation of universality, to discuss the physics of such RG explanations, and to examine the extent to which universality is thus explained. The derivation of critical exponents proceeds via a real-space or a field-theoretic approach to the RG. Building on work by Mainwood, this article argues that these approaches ought to (...)
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  4. The Neglect of Experiment.Allan Franklin - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (2):185-190.
     
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  5.  62
    Experiment, Right or Wrong.Allan Franklin - 1990 - Cambridge University Press.
    In Experiment, Right or Wrong, Allan Franklin continues his investigation of the history and philosophy of experiment presented in his previous book, The Neglect of Experiment. Using a combination of case studies and philosophical readings of those studies, Franklin again addresses two important questions: What role does and should experiment play in the choice between competing theories and in the confirmation or refutation of theories and hypotheses? How do we come to believe reasonably in experimental results? Experiment, Right or Wrong (...)
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  6. The Neglect of Experiment.Allan Franklin - 1988 - Philosophy of Science 55 (2):306-308.
     
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  7. Emergence Without Limits: The Case of Phonons.Alexander Franklin & Eleanor Knox - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 64:68-78.
    Recent discussions of emergence in physics have focussed on the use of limiting relations, and often particularly on singular or asymptotic limits. We discuss a putative example of emergence that does not fit into this narrative: the case of phonons. These quasi-particles have some claim to be emergent, not least because the way in which they relate to the underlying crystal is almost precisely analogous to the way in which quantum particles relate to the underlying quantum field theory. But there (...)
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  8.  20
    Selectivity and Discord: Two Problems of Experiment.Allan Franklin - 2002 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Specifically, Allan Franklin is concerned with two problems in the use of experimental results in science: selectivity of data or analysis procedures and the resolution of discordant results.
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  9.  56
    Why Do Scientists Prefer to Vary Their Experiments?Allan Franklin - 1984 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 15 (1):51.
  10.  57
    The Problem of Molecular Structure Just Is The Measurement Problem.Alexander Franklin & Vanessa Angela Seifert - forthcoming - The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    Whether or not quantum physics can account for molecular structure is a matter of considerable controversy. Three of the problems raised in this regard are the problems of molecular structure. We argue that these problems are just special cases of the measurement problem of quantum mechanics: insofar as the measurement problem is solved, the problems of molecular structure are resolved as well. In addition, we explore one consequence of our argument: that claims about the reduction or emergence of molecular structure (...)
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  11.  27
    Experiment in Physics.Allan Franklin - 2007 - In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  12. Experiment Right or Wrong.Allan Franklin & David Gooding - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (1):341-352.
     
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  13. Bayesian Conditionalization and Probability Kinematics.Colin Howson & Allan Franklin - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):451-466.
  14.  67
    The Theory-Ladenness of Experiment.Allan Franklin - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (1):155-166.
    Theory-ladenness is the view that observation cannot function in an unbiased way in the testing of theories because observational judgments are affected by the theoretical beliefs of the observer. Its more radical cousin, incommensurability, argues that because there is no theory-neutral language, paradigms, or worldviews, cannot be compared because in different paradigms the meaning of observational terms is different, even when the word used is the same. There are both philosophical and practical components to these problems. I argue, using a (...)
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  15.  74
    How to Avoid the Experimenters' Regress.Allan Franklin - 1994 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (3):463-491.
  16. The Epistemology of Experiment. [REVIEW]Allan Franklin - 1984 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (4):381-390.
  17. Can a Theory-Laden Observation Test the Theory?A. Franklin, M. Anderson, D. Brock, S. Coleman, J. Downing, A. Gruvander, J. Lilly, J. Neal, D. Peterson, M. Price, R. Rice, L. Smith, S. Speirer & D. Toering - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (2):229-231.
  18. No Easy Answers: Science and the Pursuit of Knowledge.Allan Franklin - 2007 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    In _No Easy Answers_, Allan Franklin offers an accurate picture of science to both a general reader and to scholars in the humanities and social sciences who may not have any background in physics. Through the examination of nontechnical case studies, he illustrates the various roles that experiment plays in science. He uses examples of unquestioned success, such as the discoveries of the electron and of three types of neutrino, as well as studies that were dead ends, wrong turns, or (...)
     
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  19.  54
    Maher, Mendeleev and Bayesianism.Colin Howson & Allan Franklin - 1991 - Philosophy of Science 58 (4):574-585.
    Maher (1988, 1990) has recently argued that the way a hypothesis is generated can affect its confirmation by the available evidence, and that Bayesian confirmation theory can explain this. In particular, he argues that evidence known at the time a theory was proposed does not confirm the theory as much as it would had that evidence been discovered after the theory was proposed. We examine Maher's arguments for this "predictivist" position and conclude that they do not, in fact, support his (...)
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  20.  99
    The Missing Piece of the Puzzle: The Discovery of the Higgs Boson.Allan Franklin - 2017 - Synthese 194 (2):259-274.
    The missing piece of the puzzle: the discovery of the Higgs boson On July 4, 2012 the CMS and ATLAS collaborations at the large hadron collider jointly announced the discovery of a new elementary particle, which resembled the Higgs boson, the last remaining undiscovered piece of the standard model of elementary particles. Both groups claimed to have observed a five-standard-deviation effect above background, the gold standard for discovery in high-energy physics. In this essay I will briefly discuss the how the (...)
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  21.  57
    What Makes a 'Good' Experiment?Allan Franklin - 1981 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 32 (4):367-374.
  22.  43
    It Probably is a Valid Experimental Result: A Bayesian Approach to the Epistemology of Experiment.Allan Franklin - 1988 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 19 (4):419.
  23.  11
    Pre-Verbal Infants Perceive Emotional Facial Expressions Categorically.Yong-Qi Cong, Caroline Junge, Evin Aktar, Maartje Raijmakers, Anna Franklin & Disa Sauter - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (3):391-403.
    ABSTRACTAdults perceive emotional expressions categorically, with discrimination being faster and more accurate between expressions from different emotion categories than between two stimuli from the same category. The current study sought to test whether facial expressions of happiness and fear are perceived categorically by pre-verbal infants, using a new stimulus set that was shown to yield categorical perception in adult observers. These stimuli were then used with 7-month-old infants using a habituation and visual preference paradigm. Infants were first habituated to an (...)
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  24. Ending the Mendel-Fisher Controversy.Allan Franklin, A. W. F. Edwards, Daniel J. Fairbanks, Daniel L. Hartl & Teddy Seidenfeld - 2008 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (4):775-777.
  25. Universality Reduced.Alexander Franklin - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (5):1295-1306.
    The universality of critical phenomena is best explained by appeal to the Renormalisation Group (RG). Batterman and Morrison, among others, have claimed that this explanation is irreducible. I argue that the RG account is reducible, but that the higher-level explanation ought not to be eliminated. I demonstrate that the key assumption on which the explanation relies – the scale invariance of critical systems – can be explained in lower-level terms; however, we should not replace the RG explanation with a bottom-up (...)
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  26.  2
    The Rise and Fall of the "Fifth Force": Discovery, Pursuit, and Justification in Modern Physics.Allan Franklin - 1993 - Amer Inst of Physics.
    An article in the January 8, 1986 issue of The New York Times dramatically announced, "Hints of Fifth Force in Nature Challenge Galileo's Findings." Just four years later, many of those who had worked on the concept concluded that "the Fifth Force is dead." Reading like a detective story, The Rise and Fall of the Fifth Force discloses the curious history of the quick advance and swift demise of the "Fifth Force" - a proposed modification of Newton's Law of Universal (...)
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  27.  44
    A Bayesian Analysis of Excess Content and the Localisation of Support.Colin Howson & Allan Franklin - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (4):425-431.
  28.  39
    The Discovery and Nondiscovery of Parity Nonconservation.Allan Franklin - 1979 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 10 (3):201.
  29. Selectivity and the Production of Experimental Results: “Any Fool Can Take Data. Its Taking Good Data That Counts.” E. Commins.Allan Franklin - 1998 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 53 (5):399-485.
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  30. Can That Be Right?: Essays on Experiment, Evidence, and Science.A. Franklin - 1999 - Springer.
    In this collection of essays Allan Franklin defends the view that science provides us with knowledge about the world which is based on experimental evidence and on reasoned and critical discussion. In short, he argues that science is a reasonable enterprise. He begins with detailed studies of four episodes from the history of modern physics: the early attempts to detect gravity waves, how the physics community decided that a proposed new elementary particle, 17-keV neutrino, did not exist, a sequence of (...)
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  31.  3
    Handbook of Color Psychology.Andrew J. Elliot, Mark D. Fairchild & Anna Franklin (eds.) - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    We perceive color everywhere and on everything that we encounter in daily life. Color science has progressed to the point where a great deal is known about the mechanics, evolution, and development of color vision, but less is known about the relation between color vision and psychology. However, color psychology is now a burgeoning, exciting area and this Handbook provides comprehensive coverage of emerging theory and research. Top scholars in the field provide rigorous overviews of work on color categorization, color (...)
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  32.  33
    Negation, Questions, and Structure Building in a Homesign System.Amy Franklin & Anastasia Giannakidou - 2011 - Cognition 118 (3):398-416.
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  33.  6
    Adaptation to Variance Generalizes Across Visual Domains.John Maule & Anna Franklin - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  34. Discovery, Pursuit, and Justification.Allan Franklin - 1993 - Perspectives on Science 1:252-284.
  35.  7
    Color Preferences Are Not Universal.Chloe Taylor, Alexandra Clifford & Anna Franklin - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (4):1015-1027.
  36.  40
    Newton and Kepler, a Bayesian Approach.Allan Franklin - 1984 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 16 (4):379.
  37. Comment on "the Structure of a Scientific Paper" by Frederick Suppe.Allan Franklin & Colin Howson - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (3):411-416.
  38.  77
    Are Paradigms Incommensurable?Allan Franklin - 1984 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (1):57-60.
  39.  7
    Scientific Explanation and Atomic Physics.Allan Franklin - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (3):481-483.
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  40. Can Multiple Realisation Be Explained?Alexander Franklin - forthcoming - Philosophy.
    Multiple realisation prompts the question: how is it that multiple systems all exhibit the same phenomena despite their different underlying properties? In this paper I develop a framework for addressing that question and argue that multiple realisation can be reductively explained. I illustrate this position by applying the framework to a simple example – the multiple realisation of electrical conductivity. I defend my account by addressing potential objections: contra (e.g.) Polger and Shapiro (2016), Batterman (2018), and Sober (1999), I claim (...)
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  41.  31
    Human-Nonhuman Animal Relationships in Australia: An Overview of Results From the First National Survey and Follow-Up Case Studies 2000-2004.Adrian Franklin - 2007 - Society and Animals 15 (1):7-27.
    This paper provides an overview of results from an Australian Research Council-funded project "Sentiments and Risks: The Changing Nature of Human-Animal Relations in Australia." The data discussed come from a survey of 2000 representative Australians at the capital city, state, and rural regional level. It provides both a snapshot of the state of involvement of Australians with nonhuman animals and their views on critical issues: ethics, rights, animals as food, risk from animals, native versus introduced animals, hunting, fishing, and companionate (...)
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  42. Explaining Support for Animal Rights: A Comparison of Two Recent Approaches to Humans, Nonhuman Animals, and Postmodernity.Robert White, Bruce Tranter & Adrian Franklin - 2001 - Society and Animals 9 (2):127-144.
    Questions on "animal rights" in a cross-national survey conducted in 1993 provide an opportunity to compare the applicability to this issue of two theories of the socio-political changes summed up in "postmodernity": Inglehart's thesis of "postmaterialist values" and Franklin's synthesis of theories of late modernity. Although Inglehart seems not to have addressed human-nonhuman animal relations, it is reasonable to apply his theory of changing values under conditions of "existential security" to "animal rights." Inglehart's postmaterialism thesis argues that new values emerged (...)
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  43. The Structure of a Scientific Paper. Commentary. Authors' Reply.Frederick Suppe, P. Lipton, A. Franklin & C. Howson - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (3):381-424.
  44.  7
    Emerging Into the Rainforest: Emergence and Special Science Ontology.Alexander Franklin & Katie Robertson - unknown
    Many philosophers of science are ontologically committed to a lush rainforest of special science entities ), but are often reticent about the criteria that determine which entities count as real. On the other hand, the metaphysics literature is much more forthcoming about such criteria, but often links ontological commitment to irreducibility. We argue that the irreducibility criteria are in tension with scientific realism: for example, they would exclude viruses, which are plausibly theoretically reducible and yet play a sufficiently important role (...)
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  45.  32
    Is Failure an Option? Contingency and Refutation.Allan Franklin - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (2):242-252.
    In this paper I argue, using two case studies of episodes from recent physics against the contingency view advocated by social constructionists. In this view, physics, or science in general, is, in Ian Hacking’s words, not determined by anything. Much of the previous discussion has centered on examples of scientific success. In this paper I argue that experimental evidence and reasoned and critical discussion played the crucial role in the refutation of a previously strongly believed hypothesis, and in the decision (...)
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  46. Critical Affinities: Nietzsche and African American Thought.Jacqueline Scott & A. Todd Franklin (eds.) - 2006 - State University of New York Press.
    _Explores convergences between the ideas of Friedrich Nietzsche and African American thought._.
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  47. Transcendental Sentimentalism.Aaron Franklin - manuscript
    Broadly construed, moral sentimentalism is the position that human emotions or sentiments play a crucial role in our best normative or descriptive accounts of moral value or judgments thereof. In this paper, I introduce and sketch a defense of a new form of moral sentimentalism I call “Transcendental Sentimentalism”. According to transcendental sentimentalism, having a sentimental response to an object is a necessary condition of the possibility of a subject counting as having non-inferential evaluative knowledge about that object. In unpacking (...)
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  48. The Resolution of Discordant Results.Allan Franklin - 1995 - Perspectives on Science 3:346-420.
  49.  12
    The Philosophy of Scientific Experimentation. [REVIEW]Allan Franklin - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Science 38 (2):241-242.
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  50.  58
    Gravity Waves and Neutrinos: The Later Work of Joseph Weber.Allan Franklin - 2010 - Perspectives on Science 18 (2):pp. 119-151.
    How does the physics community deal with the subsequent work of a scientist whose earlier work has been regarded as incorrect? An interesting case of this involves Joseph Weber whose claim to have observed gravitational waves was rejected by virtually all of the physics community, although Weber himself continued to defend his work until his death in 2000. In the course of this defense Weber made a startling suggestion regarding the scattering of neutrinos. I will summarize the history of gravity (...)
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