Results for 'A. Goldfinch'

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  1.  68
    Evidence‐based policy : where is our theory of evidence?N. Cartwright, A. Goldfinch & J. Howick - 2009 - Journal of Children’s Services 4 (4):6--14.
    This article critically analyses the concept of evidence in evidence‐based policy, arguing that there is a key problem: there is no existing practicable theory of evidence, one which is philosophically‐grounded and yet applicable for evidence‐based policy. The article critically considers both philosophical accounts of evidence and practical treatments of evidence in evidence‐based policy. It argues that both fail in different ways to provide a theory of evidence that is adequate for evidence‐based policy. The article contributes to the debate about how (...)
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  2.  19
    The Greek for a Goldfinch.D'arcy W. Thompson - 1924 - The Classical Review 38 (1-2):7-11.
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  3.  28
    Making the Best of Austin’s Goldfinch.Martin Gustafsson - 2020 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 12 (3):226-244.
    This paper discusses Austin’s goldfinch example from “Other Minds,” which plays a central role in Kaplan’s Austin’s Way with Skepticism. The paper aims to clarify the obscure distinction Austin makes in connection with this example, between cases in which we know and can prove and cases in which we know but can’t prove. By discussing a couple of remarks that Austin makes in passing, a view is extracted from his text that stands in conflict with Kaplan’s reading at a (...)
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  4.  49
    Austin and the Scope of Our Knowledge.Adam Leite - 2020 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 12 (3):195-206.
    In ordinary circumstances in which we know there is a goldfinch on a branch in the garden, do we know that the thing on the branch isn’t stuffed? Austin’s methodology is perfectly compatible with holding both that we do and that we wouldn’t know it’s a goldfinch if we didn’t. Moreover, Austin’s methodology supports the claim that if we had no information whatsoever about whether it is stuffed, we wouldn’t know the thing on the branch is a (...). Finally, Mark Kaplan’s claim that P is part of your evidence if and only if you know that P leaves him with good reason to agree that in ordinary circumstances, you do know that the goldfinch isn’t stuffed. This result suggests a distinctive way of approaching arguments for external world skepticism with the structure of the so-called Argument from Ignorance. And it highlights just how much can be learned from approaching epistemological issues in an Austinian spirit. (shrink)
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  5. Solving the Problem of Nearly Convergent Knowledge.Chris Tweedt - 2018 - Social Epistemology 32 (4):219-227.
    The Problem of Nearly Convergent Knowledge is an updated and stronger version of the Problem of Convergent Knowledge, which presents a problem for the traditional, binary view of knowledge in which knowledge is a two-place relation between a subject and the known proposition. The problem supports Knowledge Contrastivism, the view that knowledge is a three-place relation between a subject, the known proposition, and a proposition that disjoins the alternatives relevant to what the subject knows. For example, if knowledge is contrastive, (...)
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  6.  25
    Austin’s Way with Skepticism Revisited.Mark Kaplan - 2022 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 12 (3):245-271.
    In “Other Minds,” Austin maintained that, unless there is a special reason to suspect the bird he saw is stuffed, he does not need to do enough to show it is not stuffed in order to be credited with knowing what he has just claimed to know: that the bird he saw is a goldfinch. But suppose Austin were presented with the following argument: You don’t know the bird is not a stuffed goldfinch. If you don’t know the (...)
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  7. Duplicating thoughts.Kirk Ludwig - 1996 - Mind and Language 11 (1):92-102.
    Suppose that a physical duplicate of me, right down to the arrangements of subatomic particles, comes into existence at the time at which I finish this sentence. Suppose that it comes into existence by chance, or at least by a causal process entirely unconnected with me. It might be so situated that it, too, is seated in front of a computer, and finishes this paragraph and paper, or a corresponding one, just as I do. (i) Would it have the same (...)
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  8.  56
    A treatise of human nature.David Hume & A. D. Lindsay - 1977 - New York: Dutton. Edited by L. A. Selby-Bigge & P. H. Nidditch.
    A Treatise of Human Nature was Hume's comprehensive attempt to base philosophy on a new study of human nature. The volume includes an explanatory introduction, annotations and a glossary.
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  9. A cautious welcome: An introduction and guide to the book.A. J. Marcel & E. Bisiach - 1988 - In Anthony J. Marcel & E. Bisiach (eds.), Consciousness in Contemporary Science. Oxford University Press. pp. 1--15.
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  10.  49
    One true logic: a monist manifesto.A. C. Paseau & Owen Griffiths - 2022 - Oxford: Oxford University Press. Edited by A. C. Paseau.
    Logical monism is the claim that there is a single correct logic, the 'one true logic' of our title. The view has evident appeal, as it reflects assumptions made in ordinary reasoning as well as in mathematics, the sciences, and the law. In all these spheres, we tend to believe that there aredeterminate facts about the validity of arguments. Despite its evident appeal, however, logical monism must meet two challenges. The first is the challenge from logical pluralism, according to which (...)
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  11. The Act of Creation: A Study of the Conscious and Unconscious Processes of Humor, Scientific Discovery and Art.A. Koestler - 1964
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  12.  48
    A Foucault primer: discourse, power, and the subject.A. W. McHoul - 1993 - Dunedin, N.Z.: University of Otago Press. Edited by Wendy Grace.
    "A consistently clear, comprehensive and accessible introduction which carefully sifts Foucault's work for both its strengths and weaknesses. McHoul and Grace show an intimate familiarity with Foucault's writings and a lively, but critical engagement with the relevance of his work. A model primer." -Tony Bennett, author of Outside Literature In such seminal works as Madness and Civilization, Discipline and Punish , and The History of Sexuality , the late philosopher Michel Foucault explored what our politics, our sexuality, our societal conventions, (...)
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  13.  25
    A new approach to the logical theory of interrogatives.Lennart Åqvist - 1965 - [Uppsala]: [Uppsala].
  14.  29
    Making Sense of the Relationship Between Adaptive Thinking and Heuristics in Evolutionary Psychology.Shunkichi Matsumoto - 2021 - Biological Theory 16 (1):16-29.
    In recent years, quite a few evolutionary psychologists have come to embrace a heuristic interpretation of the discipline. They claim that, no matter how methodologically incomplete, adaptive thinking works fine as a good heuristic that effectively reduces the hypothesis space by generating novel and promising hypotheses that can eventually be empirically tested. The purpose of this article is to elucidate the use of heuristics in evolutionary psychology, thereby clarifying the role adaptive thinking has to play. To that end, two typical (...)
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  15. A Commentary on Plato's Timaeus.A. Taylor - 1929 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 36 (2):14-14.
     
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  16. Idei︠a︡ razvitii︠a︡ v burzhuaznoĭ filosofii.A. S. Bogomolov - 1962
     
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  17. Sovremennai︠a︡ burzhuaznai︠a︡ filosofii︠a︡.A. S. Bogomolov, I︠U︡. K. Melʹvilʹ & I. S. Narskiĭ (eds.) - 1978 - Moskva: "Vysshai︠a︡ shkola,".
     
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  18. Filosofskai︠a︡ myslʹ nezavisimoĭ Indii: akademicheskie sistemy i religiozno-filosofskie uchenii︠a︡.A. D. Litman & Institut Narodov Azii Sssr) - 1966 - Moskva: Izd-vo "Nauka," Glav. red. vostochnoĭ lit-ry.
     
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  19. Kommunisticheskai︠a︡ moralʹ i voinskiĭ dolg.A. S. Milovidov - 1979 - Moskva: Voenizdat.
     
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  20.  2
    Teoría del Estado.Francisco Porrúa Pérez - 1977 - México: Editorial Porrúa.
  21. Psikhologii︠a︡ Ibn-Siny.A. K. Zakuev - 1958
     
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  22. A quantum computer only needs one universe.A. M. Steane - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 34 (3):469-478.
    The nature of quantum computation is discussed. It is argued that, in terms of the amount of information manipulated in a given time, quantum and classical computation are equally efficient. Quantum superposition does not permit quantum computers to ''perform many computations simultaneously'' except in a highly qualified and to some extent misleading sense. Quantum computation is therefore not well described by interpretations of quantum mechanics which invoke the concept of vast numbers of parallel universes. Rather, entanglement makes available types of (...)
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  23.  39
    A unified framework for addiction: Vulnerabilities in the decision process.Adam Johnson A. David Redish, Steve Jensen - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):415.
    The understanding of decision-making systems has come together in recent years to form a unified theory of decision-making in the mammalian brain as arising from multiple, interacting systems (a planning system, a habit system, and a situation-recognition system). This unified decision-making system has multiple potential access points through which it can be driven to make maladaptive choices, particularly choices that entail seeking of certain drugs or behaviors. We identify 10 key vulnerabilities in the system: (1) moving away from homeostasis, (2) (...)
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  24. Metasemantics : a normative perspective.Manuel García-Carpintero - 2021 - In Piotr Stalmaszczyk (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  25.  15
    Principles For A Free Society: Reconciling Individual Liberty With The Common Good.Richard A. Epstein - 2009 - Perseus Books.
    The country's leading libertarian scholar sets forth the essential principles for a legal system that best balances individual liberty versus the common good.
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  26. A graph-theoretic account of logics.A. Sernadas, C. Sernadas, J. Rasga & Marcelo E. Coniglio - 2009 - Journal of Logic and Computation 19 (6):1281-1320.
    A graph-theoretic account of logics is explored based on the general notion of m-graph (that is, a graph where each edge can have a finite sequence of nodes as source). Signatures, interpretation structures and deduction systems are seen as m-graphs. After defining a category freely generated by a m-graph, formulas and expressions in general can be seen as morphisms. Moreover, derivations involving rule instantiation are also morphisms. Soundness and completeness theorems are proved. As a consequence of the generality of the (...)
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  27.  24
    A propos de « La Déduction Relativiste » de M. Émile Meyerson.A. Einstein & André Metz - 1928 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 105:161 - 166.
  28.  16
    A Multifocal and Integrative View of the Influencers of Ethical Attitudes Using Qualitative Configurational Analysis.Nicole A. Celestine, Catherine Leighton & Chris Perryer - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 162 (1):103-122.
    Ethical attitudes and behaviour are complex. This complexity extends to the influencers operating at different levels both outside and within the organisation, and in different combinations for different individuals. There is hence a growing need to understand the proximal and distal influencers of ethical attitudes, and how these operate in concert at the individual, organisational, and societal levels. Few studies have attempted to combine these main research streams and systematically examine their combined impact. The minority of studies that have taken (...)
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  29. Metasemantics : a normative perspective.Manuel García-Carpintero - 2021 - In Piotr Stalmaszczyk (ed.), Cambridge Handbook of the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  30.  24
    Science and Partial Truth: A Unitary Approach to Models and Scientific Reasoning.Newton C. A. Da Costa & Steven French - 2003 - New York, US: Oxford University Press USA.
    In the past thirty years, two fundamental issues have emerged in the philosophy of science. One concerns the appropriate attitude we should take towards scientific theories--whether we should regard them as true or merely empirically adequate, for example. The other concerns the nature of scientific theories and models and how these might best be represented. In this ambitious book, da Costa and French bring these two issues together by arguing that theories and models should be regarded as partially rather than (...)
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  31.  45
    A Solution to the Combination Problem and the Future of Panpsychism.A. Harris - 2021 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 28 (9-10):129-140.
    This paper supports the scientific position that panpsychism is a valid category of possible resolutions to the hard problem of consciousness, and it focuses on a solution to the 'combination problem' in panpsychism. I argue for a new way of thinking about consciousness in which consciousness is not viewed in reference to subjects, and that the concept of a 'subject' is borne of the illusion of self. Therefore, we don't face a combination problem if the notion of a subject is (...)
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  32.  1
    Ėstetika Vozrozhdenii︠a︡.A. F. Losev - 1978 - Moskva: "Myslʹ". Edited by A. F. Losev.
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  33. Betting and Gambling, a Paper.A. Smith - 1896
     
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  34.  9
    Open Compositionality: Toward a New Methodology of Language.Eduardo García Ramírez - 2019 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    Open Compositionality: Towards a Methodology of Language offers a fresh view into human languages as supermodular, highly interactive cognitive capacities allowing for human unique thought and communication. It is a novel account of semantics as decision-making in tandem with the cognition first methodology.
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  35. A Short Commentary on Kant's `Critique of Pure Reason'.A. C. Ewing - 1939 - Mind 48 (191):373-377.
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  36.  71
    Investigation of a neutrosophic group.A. Elrawy, Florentin Smarandache & Ayat A. Temraz - unknown
    We use a neutrosophic set, instead of an intuitionistic fuzzy because the neutrosophic set is more general, and it allows for independent and partial independent components, while in an intuitionistic fuzzy set, all components are totally dependent. In this article, we present and demonstrate the concept of neutrosophic invariant subgroups. We delve into the exploration of this notion to establish and study the neutrosophic quotient group. Further, we give the concept of a neutrosophic normal subgroup as a novel concept.
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  37.  12
    Hobbes: A Biography.A. P. Martinich - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    Thomas Hobbes is recognized as one of the fathers of modern philosophy and political theory. In his own time he was as famous for his work in physics, geometry, and religion. He associated with some of the greatest writers, scientists, and politicians of his age. Martinich has written a complete and accessible biography of Hobbes. The book takes full account of the historical and cultural context in which Hobbes lived, drawing on both published and unpublished sources. It will be a (...)
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  38.  6
    Imagination in Inquiry: A Philosophical Model and its Applications.A. Pablo Iannone - 2022 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    Imagination in Inquiry investigates the nature, kinds, component elements, functions, scope, and uses of the imagination that are at work in inquiry. It develops a homeostatic model and discusses its applications in various branches of philosophy, from the philosophy of science and the philosophy of technology to ethics and aesthetics.
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  39.  67
    Sensations and Situations: A Sensorimotor Integrationist Approach.A. Noe - 2016 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 23 (5-6):66-79.
    In this short paper I propose that the sensorimotor approach to perception is a tree yielding two distinct theoretical fruits. One fruit is sensorimotor reductionism. The other is sensorimotor integrationism. In this paper I try to explain what makes these fruits different.
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  40. A Short Commentary on Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.A. C. Ewing - 1939 - Philosophy 14 (54):215-217.
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  41.  4
    Filosofii︠a︡ soznanii︠a︡ Meraba Mamardashvili.D. Ė Gaspari︠a︡n - 2013 - Moskva: Kanon+.
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  42.  17
    Emotion and culture: A meta-analysis.Dianne A. van Hemert, Ype H. Poortinga & Fons J. R. van de Vijver - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (5):913-943.
    A meta-analysis of 190 cross-cultural emotion studies, published between 1967 and 2000, was performed to examine (1) to what extent reported cross-cultural differences in emotion variables could be regarded as valid (substantive factors) or as method-related (statistical artefacts, cultural bias), and (2) which country characteristics could explain valid cross-cultural differences in emotion. The relative contribution of substantive and method-related factors at sample, study, and country level was investigated and country-level explanations for differences in emotions were tested. Results indicate that a (...)
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  43.  3
    Issledovanii︠a︡ i statʹi po russkoĭ filosofii.A. V. Malinov - 2020 - Sankt-Peterburg: Izdatel'stvo RKhGA.
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  44.  60
    A Truer Liberty: Simone Weil and Marxism.Lawrence A. Blum & Victor J. Seidler - 2009 - New York: Routledge. Edited by Victor J. Seidler.
    Simone Weil — philosopher, trade union militant, factory worker — developed a penetrating critique of Marxism and a powerful political philosophy which serves an alternative both to liberalism and to Marxism. In A Truer Liberty , originally published in 1989, Blum and Seidler show how Simone Weil’s philosophy sought to place political action on a firmly moral basis. The dignity of the manual worker became the standard for political institutions and movements. Weil criticized Marxism for its confidence in progress and (...)
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  45.  92
    A. J. Ayer: Memorial Essays.A. Phillips Griffiths (ed.) - 1992 - Cambridge University Press.
    A. J. Ayer, who died in 1989, was acknowledged as one of Britain's most distinguished philosophers. In this memorial collection of essays leading Western philosophers reflect on Ayer's place in the history of philosophy and explore aspects of his thought and teaching. The volume also includes a posthumous essay by Ayer himself: 'A defence of empiricism'. These essays are undoubtedly a fitting tribute to a major figure, but the collection is not simply retrospective; rather it looks forward to present and (...)
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  46.  9
    Philosophy as a Humanistic Discipline.A. W. Moore (ed.) - 2006 - Princeton University Press.
    What can--and what can't--philosophy do? What are its ethical risks--and its possible rewards? How does it differ from science? In Philosophy as a Humanistic Discipline, Bernard Williams addresses these questions and presents a striking vision of philosophy as fundamentally different from science in its aims and methods even though there is still in philosophy "something that counts as getting it right." Written with his distinctive combination of rigor, imagination, depth, and humanism, the book amply demonstrates why Williams was one of (...)
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  47. A Reply to Critics.A. W. Eaton - 2008 - Symposia on Gender, Race, and Philosophy 4 (2):1--11.
     
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  48. Hegel à Iéna. (A propos de publications récentes).A. Koyré - 1934 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 118 (9/10):274 - 283.
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  49. A. J. Ayer: Memorial Essays.A. Phillips Griffiths - 1993 - Philosophy 68 (263):107-108.
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  50.  27
    A History of Sociology in Britain: Science, Literature, and Society.A. H. Halsey - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the first-ever critical history of sociology in Britain, written by one of the world's leading scholars in the field. A. H. Halsey presents a vivid and authoritative picture of the neglect, expansion, fragmentation, and explosion of the discipline during the past century. The book examines the literary and scientific contributions to the origin of the discipline, and the challenges faced by the discipline at the dawn of a new century.
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