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Alex Guilherme
Liverpool Hope University
  1. Buber and Education: Dialogue as Conflict Resolution.W. John Morgan & Alexandre Guilherme - 2013 - Routledge.
    Martin Buber is considered one of the 20th centuryes greatest thinkers and his contributions to philosophy, theology and education are testimony to this. His thought is founded on the idea that people are capable of two kinds of relations, namely I-Thou and I-It, emphasising the centrality of dialogue in all spheres of human life. For this reason, Buber is considered by many to be the philosopher of dialogue par excellence. After Buberes death the appreciation of his considerable legacy to the (...)
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  2.  45
    AI and Education: The Importance of Teacher and Student Relations.Alex Guilherme - 2019 - AI and Society 34 (1):47-54.
    A defining aspect of our modern age is our tenacious belief in technology in all walks of life, not least in education. It could be argued that this infatuation with technology or ‘techno-philia’ in education has had a deep impact in the classroom changing the relationship between teacher and student, as well as between students; that is, these relations have become increasingly more I–It than I–Thou based because the capacity to form bonds, the level of connectedness between teacher and students, (...)
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  3. Purposes in Law and in Life: An Experimental Investigation of Purpose Attribution.Almeida Guilherme, Joshua Knobe, Noel Struchiner & Ivar Hannikainen - forthcoming - Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence.
    There has been considerable debate in legal philosophy about how to attribute purposes to rules. Separately, within cognitive science, there has been a growing body of research concerned with questions about how people ordinarily attribute purposes. Here, we argue that these two separate fields might be connected by experimental jurisprudence. Across four studies, we find evidence for the claim that people use the same criteria to attribute purposes to physical objects and to rules. In both cases, purpose attributions appear to (...)
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  4.  46
    Reflexions on Buber’s ‘Living-Centre’: Conceiving of the Teacher as ‘The Builder’ and Teaching as a ‘Situational Revelation’.Alexandre Guilherme - 2015 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 34 (3):245-262.
    There has been a shift from teaching to learning, the so-called process of ‘learnification’, which promotes the idea that teaching should be primarily concerned with the creation of rich learning environments and scaffolding student learning. In doing so, this process of ‘learnification’ has also attacked the idea that teachers have something to teach and that students have something to learn from their teachers. The influence of constructivism, and thinkers like Piaget, Vygotsky, and Bruner in this paradigm shift is quite evident; (...)
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  5.  58
    I and Thou: The Educational Lessons of Martin Buber's Dialogue with the Conflicts of His Times.W. J. Morgan & Alexandre Guilherme - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (9):979-996.
    Most of what has been written about Buber and education tend to be studies of two kinds: theoretical studies of his philosophical views on education, and specific case studies that aim at putting theory into practice. The perspective taken has always been to hold a dialogue with Buber's works in order to identify and analyse critically Buber's views and, in some cases, to put them into practice; that is, commentators dialogue with the text. In this article our aims are of (...)
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  6. Martin Buber’s Philosophy of Education and its Implications for Non-Formal Education.A. Guilherme & W. John Morgan - 2009 - International Journal of Lifelong Learning 28 (5).
    The Jewish philosopher and educator Martin Buber (1878–1965) is considered one of the twentieth century’s greatest contributors to the philosophy of religion and is also recognized as the pre-eminent scholar of Hasidism. He has also attracted considerable attention as a philosopher of education. However, most commentaries on this aspect of his work have focussed on the implications of his philosophy for formal education and for the education of the child. Given that much of Buber’s philosophy is based on dialogue, on (...)
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  7. Martin Buber et Frantz Fanon. Le politique dans l'éducation : dialogue ou rébellion.W. John Morgan, Alex Guilherme & Nicole G. Albert - 2014 - Diogène 1:35-57.
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  8.  23
    Martin Buber et Frantz Fanon. Le politique dans l'éducation : dialogue ou rébellion.W. John Morgan, Alex Guilherme & Nicole G. Albert - 2013 - Diogène 241 (1):35.
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  9.  21
    Discussing Education by Means of Metaphors.Alex Guilherme & Ana Lucia Souza de Freitas - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 50 (10):947-956.
    Metaphors help us understand a concept by resorting to the imaginary because it is sometimes difficult to do so through the use of words alone. Thinkers have made use of metaphors to not only describe ‘falling in love’, ‘the pain of losing someone dear to us’, but also to describe particular concepts both in arts and sciences. In fact, the use of metaphors in some disciplines, particularly the sciences, is now regarded as something essential for the development of the field. (...)
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  10.  19
    Michel Serres’ Le Parasite and Martin Buber’s I and Thou: Noise in Informal Education Affecting Dialogue Between Communities in Conflict in the Middle East.Alex Guilherme - 2015 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 47 (10):1052-1068.
    One issue that is often ignored in political theory is the problem of means and modes of communication affecting dialogue between parties. In this age of hyper communication, this is something particularly relevant. The point here is that, despite the ease with which we have access to both means and modes of communication, there remains the problem of truly communicating and truly dialoguing with the Other. Michel Serres’ work Le Parasite is a seminal work on this issue. According to him, (...)
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  11.  49
    Violence in Schools: Perspectives (and Hope) From Galtung and Buber.Hilary Cremin & Alexandre Guilherme - 2016 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 48 (11).
    Research into violence in schools has been growing steadily at an international level, and has shown high degrees of violence at various different levels. Given the seriousness of the problem, finding ways of responding to this issue in schools becomes an imperative for educationists. In this article, we engage with this problem by defending the view that whilst violence might be endemic in schools, there are also real possibilities for working towards different ways of being in relationship in schools. Firstly, (...)
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  12. On Bayle’s Interpretation of Spinoza’s Substance and Modes.A. Guilherme - 2009 - Conatus 3 (6):11-16.
  13. Spinoza’s Substance: A Reply to Curley.A. Guilherme - 2008 - Conatus 3 (2).
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  14. Fichte: Kantian or Spinozian? Three Interpretations of the Absolute I.Alexandre Guilherme - 2010 - South African Journal of Philosophy 29 (1):1-16.
    Fichte is the first great Post-Kantian Idealist and his debt to Spinozism has been acknowledged by virtually all of his commentators. However, the extent of Spinoza’s influence on Fichte has not been spelled out in much detail. In response to this I propose to do two things. Firstly, I propose to provide a typology of interpretations of Fichte’s Absolute I, as some commentators seem to get entangled in these different interpretations, which can be very confusing to their readership. Secondly, I (...)
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  15.  14
    Reflexions on Mendes-Flohr’s and Avnon’s Interpretations of Buber’s ‘Living-Centre’: Implications for the Gemeinde.Alex Guilherme - 2015 - Philosophia 43 (3):821-841.
    Martin Buber is considered one of the twentieth century’s greatest thinkers, contributing to the fields of philosophy, theology and education. After Buber’s death the appreciation of his considerable legacy became rather muted, but was never completely forgotten. Recently, interest in Buber’s thought has increased and a number of journal articles and books dealing with both general and specific aspects of his philosophy have appeared. However, the number of commentaries on the importance of his socio-political thought are still small in number, (...)
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  16.  22
    The Contrasting Philosophies of Martin Buber and Frantz Fanon: The Political in Education as Dialogue or as Defiance.Alex Guilherme & W. John Morgan - 2014 - Diogenes 61 (1):28-43.
    Education has two distinct but interconnected layers. There is an outer layer concerned with knowledge transfer and skills and an inner layer concerned with the development of character and relationships with others, both individually and socially. This inner layer provides the individual with the capacity to influence and to change society. In that sense, such an inner layer is ‘political’. In this article we argue that the ‘political’ in education can take two distinct forms: either that of dialogue or of (...)
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  17.  63
    God as Thou and Prayer as Dialogue: Martin Buber’s Tools for Reconciliation. [REVIEW]Alexandre Guilherme - 2012 - Sophia 51 (3):365-378.
    ‘Prayer’ can be defined as ‘the offering, in public worship or private devotion, of petition, confession, adoration, or thanksgiving to God; also the form of words in which such an offering is made’ (cf. Cohn-Sherbok 2010). In addition to this simple definition it could be said that there are different forms of prayer: some are vocal and articulate and others are only mental in nature; some prayers are communal and liturgical and other prayers are spontaneous or at least composed by (...)
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  18. Martin Buber: Dialogue and the Concept of the Other.A. Guilherme & W. John Morgan - 2010 - Pastoral Review.
    Martin Buber (1878-1965) is one of the most significant existentialist philosophers of the twentieth century and a leading scholar of the Hasidic tradition in Judaism; even more important for this article is that Buber is considered by many to be the philosopher of dialogue par excellence. This article expounds Buber’s conception of dialogue and its implications for our conception of the Other.
     
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  19.  11
    Language Death: A Freirean Solution in the Heart of the Amazon.Alex Guilherme - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (1):63-76.
    ?Language death? is an undeniable phenomenon of our modern times as languages have started to disappear at an alarming rate. This has led linguists, anthropologists, philosophers and educationists to engage with this issue at various levels in an attempt to try to understand the decline in this rich area of human communication and culture. In this article I refer to some interesting and innovative educational projects in the Amazon region of Brazil, which are revitalizing local languages, cultures and communities. I (...)
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  20. Schelling’s Naturphilosophie Project: Towards a Spinozian Conception of Nature.Alex Guilherme - 2010 - South African Journal of Philosophy 29 (3):373-390.
    Various commentators have acknowledged the fact that Schelling was influenced by Spinoza’s philosophical views (cf. Bowie 1993, 2003; Copleston 1963; Esposito 1977; White 1983; Lawrence 2003; Hegel 1995; Beiser 2002; Richards 2002). However, these commentators have not spelled out in detail this influence, and this situation is particularly true of the Anglo-American tradition. In this article, I investigate Schelling’s Naturphilosophie project in search of its Spinozistic roots and I argue that this provides us with a better understanding of the Schelligian (...)
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  21.  39
    Ilan Gur-Ze’ev e o professor improvisador: a import'ncia da educação continuada de educadores na escola pública // DOI: 10.18226/21784612.v22.n3.3. [REVIEW]Alexandre Guilherme, Denise Dalpiaz Antunes & Lucas Rech dos Santos - 2017 - Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 22 (3):436-457.
    Neste artigo aponta-se para uma importante contribuição que o Pacto Nacional pelo Fortalecimento do Ensino Médio introduz no campo da educação, quer dizer, a possibilidade de constituição do professor-improvisador, tão defendido por Ilan Gur-Ze’ev. Como resultado desta pesquisa empírica com análise qualitativa de dados mostra-se que, sem o apoio de tais ações, a oportunidade de os indivíduos expandirem suas capacidades críticas é reduzida, comprometendo o potencial para o surgimento e/ou revelação desse professor improvisador, crítico e encorajador da crítica. Ainda: busca-se (...)
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  22. Intention, Motivation and Learning Process: Some Factors Influencing Student Learning.Alexandre Guilherme - 2004 - Philosophy Pathways 86.
     
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  23. Philosophy, Dialogue, and Education: Nine Modern European Philosophers.Alexandre Guilherme & W. John Morgan - 2017 - Routledge.
    This book brings together ten seminal European philosophers to critically discuss their socio-political and dialogical views, and the implications of these for education. Chapters explore the work of modern philosophers, including Martin Buber, Mikhail Bakhtin, Lev Vygotsky and Hannah Arendt, positioning their contributions within the European tradition of dialogical philosophy, reflecting on their continuing theoretical relevance to the field of education and critical pedagogy, and offering an analysis of key extracts and points of discussion.
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  24. Teaching Formats for Small Group Philosophy Tutorials.Alexandre Guilherme - 2004 - Philosophy Pathways 77.
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  25.  33
    Schelling's Naturphilosophie Project: Towards a Spinozian Conception of Nature.Alexandre Guilherme - 2010 - South African Journal of Philosophy 29 (4):373-390.
    Various commentators have acknowledged the fact that Schelling was influenced by Spinoza’s philosophical views (cf. Bowie 1993, 2003; Copleston 1963; Esposito 1977; White 1983; Lawrence 2003; Hegel 1995; Beiser 2002; Richards 2002). However, these commentators have not spelled out in detail this influence, and this situation is particularly true of the Anglo-American tradition. In this article, I investigate Schelling’s Naturphilosophie project in search of its Spinozistic roots and I argue that this provides us with a better understanding of the Schelligian (...)
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  26.  9
    Discussões sobre o genocídio da juventude negra brasileira à luz de Frantz Fanton.Cristiane Silveira Santos & Alexandre Anselmo Guilherme - 2020 - Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 25:222-239.
    O presente trabalho reflete sobre a significativa e desigual morte de jovens negros no País. Para tanto, a produção traz uma discussão sobre o teórico martinicano Frantz Fanon que, com suas ideias sobre racismo e colonialismo, nos ajuda a reconhecer o racismo brasileiro e a condição em que vivem os jovens negros do Brasil. Apesar de Fanon afirmar que suas considerações se referem apenas ao momento histórico em que escreve e aos estudos de colonialismo, acreditamos ser fácil fazer um paralelo (...)
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  27.  6
    Educação continuada de professores: diálogos emergentes a partir da visão de Gert Biesta // Teacher’s lifelong learning: emerging dialogies from Gert Biesta’s philosophical views.Alexandre Anselmo Guilherme, Bettina Steren dos Santos & Carla Spagnolo - 2020 - Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 25:020025.
    A Educação Continuada de professores é reconhecida como indispensável e fundamental para a qualificação dos processos de ensino e aprendizagem. Para tanto, neste estudo, levaremos em consideração alguns aspectos dessa temática. Em primeiro lugar, precisamos ter conhecimento das diretrizes que tratam da Educação Continuada de professores, ou seja, compreender de onde viemos e qual é a proposta das legislações nacional e internacional. Em segundo lugar, explanaremos e discutiremos conceitos teóricos que tratam da temática, em especial a visão de Gert Biesta, (...)
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  28.  13
    Introduction to the Special Issue.Alex Guilherme - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 50 (10):900-902.
  29. Peace Profile: Martin Buber.Alex Guilherme & W. John Morgan - 2011 - Peace Review 23 (1):110-117.
    Martin Buber (1878–1965) is one of the most significant existentialist philosophers and educationalists of the twentieth century, and a leading scholar of the Hasidic tradition. His philosophical and educational views are dominated by the concept of dialogue and, in virtue of this, he is often called the philosopher of dialogue. Throughout his life, Buber advocated dialogue as a way of establishing peace and resolving conflicts, and therefore he is often referred to in both the academic and general literature as an (...)
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  30.  4
    Memória, Ética E Estética: Algumas Considerações a Partir de Adorno, Levinas E Gur-Ze’Ev.Bruno Antonio Picoli & Alexandre Anselmo Guilherme - 2020 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 65 (2):e37851.
    A reflexão parte da tarefa que Benjamin atribui aos que estão vivos: originar um verdadeiro “estado de exceção”. Compreende-se que essa é a tarefa primeira de uma Educação Histórica ética e estética. O artigo está organizado em três partes que compreendem os três elementos indissociáveis que constituem os primeiros movimentos no sentido de superar o “estado de Exceção” da violência sem memória. Na primeira parte, discutimos, a partir de Adorno, o “estado de exceção” da violência sem memória e reafirmamos o (...)
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  31.  19
    Interculturalism and Non‐Formal Education in Brazil: A Buberian Perspective.Alexandre Guilherme, W. J. Morgan & Ida Freire - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (9):1024-1039.
    Gilberto Freyre, the great Brazilian historian and sociologist, described Brazil as a ‘racial paradise’, a place where different races and nationalities have come to live together in a sort of ‘racial democracy’. The literature on this topic has become extensive as anthropologists, social scientists and historians felt the need to either prove or disprove such a claim. The argument that Brazil is a racial paradise or democracy is certainly romantic, even utopian; but it is true that Brazil has not experienced (...)
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