Results for 'A. Held'

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  1.  39
    The Ethics of Care: Personal, Political, Global.Virginia Held - 2006 - New York: Oup Usa. Edited by David Copp.
    Virginia Held assesses the ethics of care as a promising alternative to the familiar moral theories that serve so inadequately to guide our lives. The ethics of care is only a few decades old, yet it is by now a distinct moral theory or normative approach to the problems we face. It is relevant to global and political matters as well as to the personal relations that can most clearly exemplify care. This book clarifies just what the ethics of (...)
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  2. Feminist morality: transforming culture, society, and politics.Virginia Held - 1993 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    How is feminism changing the way women and men think, feel, and act? Virginia Held explores how feminist theory is changing contemporary views of moral choice. She proposes a comprehensive philosophy of feminist ethics, arguing persuasively for reconceptualizations of the self of relations between the self and others and of images of birth and death, nurturing and violence. Held shows how social, political, and cultural institutions have traditionally been founded upon masculine ideals of morality. She then identifies a (...)
  3.  26
    Towards a Monist Theory of Explanation.Carsten Held - 2019 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 50 (4):447-475.
    A monist theory of explanation is one that seeks a common definition for all speech acts answering why-questions. One recent example is the counterfactual theory of explanation, which assumes that an ideal explanation can be characterized by the familiar Hempelian criteria for a scientific explanation plus a certain counterfactual that is supported by the laws mentioned in the explanans. I show that the CTE fails. My discussion leads to a critique of the CTE’s key concept of counterfactual dependence and to (...)
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  4.  83
    Towards a Phenomenology of the Political World.Klaus Held - 2012 - In Dan Zahavi (ed.), The Oxford handbook of contemporary phenomenology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    This chapter describes the phenomenology of the political world. Phenomenology must get underway with an analysis of the political world. The chapter evaluates more precisely the relation between the concept of world or worldliness and the openness of the political. Using the term ‘political world’ is preferred to utilising the traditional terms because it is less burdened by prejudice. The guiding impulse towards the clarification of the Sache of political philosophy as political world stems from Hannah Arendt, who does not (...)
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  5. Can a random collection of individuals be morally responsible?Virginia Held - 1970 - Journal of Philosophy 67 (14):471-481.
  6. André Mercier, physicien et métaphysicien.André Mercier, Maja Svilar & A. Held - 1983 - Berne: Institut des sciences exactes de l'Université de Berne. Edited by Maja Svilar & A. Held.
     
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  7. The ethics of care: personal, political, and global.Virginia Held - 2006 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Virginia Held assesses the ethics of care as a promising alternative to the familiar moral theories that serve so inadequately to guide our lives. The ethics of care is only a few decades old, yet it is by now a distinct moral theory or normative approach to the problems we face. It is relevant to global and political matters as well as to the personal relations that can most clearly exemplify care. This book clarifies just what the ethics of (...)
  8.  58
    Elements of a theory of global governance.David Held - 2016 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 42 (9):837-846.
    In the aftermath of the Second World War the international institutional breakthroughs that occurred provided the momentum for decades of sustained economic growth and geopolitical stability sufficient for the transformation of the world economy, the shift from the cold war to a multipolar order, and the rise of new communication and network societies. However, what worked then does not work as well now, as gridlock freezes problem-solving capacity in global governance. The search for pathways through and beyond gridlock is a (...)
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  9.  20
    Roald Dahl and Philosophy: A Little Nonsense Now and Then.Jacob M. Held (ed.) - 2014 - Lanham, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield.
    SpanFor generations the elements of humor, poignancy, fantasy, and unfettered morality found within acclaimed children's author Roald Dahl's most famous tales have captivated both children and adults. Editor Jacob M. Held has collected the insights of today's leading philosophers into the significances, messages, and greater truths at which Dahl's rhythmic writing winks, revealing a whole new way to appreciate the creation of a man and mind to which readers of all ages are still drawn. /span...
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  10.  6
    Is There a Future for Marxist Humanism?Jacob M. Held - unknown
    The title of this dissertation is a question: Is there a future to Marxist humanism? The work itself is an affirmative answer. The motive behind asking this question is the perennial debate surrounding the relevance of Marxism as a school of social and political thought. There are aspects of Marxism that are, arguably, no longer tenable, yet there are others that are more relevant today than ever. It is the argument of the following dissertation that Marxist humanism is of continued (...)
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  11. A particularist defence of scientific realism? Reply to Morganti.C. Held - 2012 - The Reasoner 6 (2).
  12.  41
    Can It Be a 'Sin' to Understand Disease? On 'Genes' and 'Eugenics' and an 'Unconnected Connection'.Eva M. Neumann-Held - 2001 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):5 - 17.
    Particularly, but not exclusively, in Germany, concerns are uttered as to the consequences of modern biotechnological advances and their range of applications in the field of human genetics. Whereas the proponents of this research are mainly focussing on the possible knowledge that could be gained by understanding the causes of developmental processes and of disease on the molecular level, the critics fear the beginnings of a new eugenics movement. Without claiming a logical relationship between genetic sciences and eugenics movements, it (...)
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  13.  58
    Rights and goods: justifying social action.Virginia Held - 1984 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Theories of justice, argues Virginia Held, are usually designed for a perfect, hypothetical world. They do not give us guidelines for living in an imperfect world in which the choices and decisions that we must make are seldom clear-cut. Seeking a morality based on actual experience, Held offers a method of inquiry with which to deal with the specific moral problems encountered in daily life. She argues that the division between public and private morality is misleading and shows (...)
  14.  32
    On the Way to a Phenomenology of World.Klaus Held - 1999 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 30 (1):3-17.
  15. Cosmopolitanism: ideals and realities.David Held - 2010 - Malden, MA: Polity Press.
    Introduction : changing forms of global order. Towards a multipolar world ; The paradox of our times ; Economic liberalism and international market integration ; Security ; The impact of the global financial crisis ; Shared problems and collective threats ; A cosmopolitan approach ; Democratic public law and sovereignty ; Summary of the book ahead -- Cosmopolitanism : ideas, realities and deficits. Globalization ; The global governance complex ; Globalization and democracy : five disjunctures ; Cosmopolitanism : ideas and (...)
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  16. Non-contractual Society: A Feminist View.Virginia Held - 1987 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 (sup1):111-137.
    Contemporary society is in the grip of contractual thinking. Realities are interpreted in contractual terms, and goals are formulated in terms of rational contracts. The leading current conceptions of rationality begin with assumptions that human beings are independent, self-interested or mutually disinterested, individuals; they then typically argue that it is often rational for human beings to enter into contractual relationships with each other.
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  17.  8
    La Crítica de Platón al relativismo en Protágoras y su significado para la filosofía política.Klaus Held & Santiago Echeverri - 1998 - Estudios de Filosofía (Universidad de Antioquia):95-107.
    En la crítica platónica al relativismo de Protágoras en el Teeteto se pueden distinguir dos ámbitos: el plano del aparecer conforme a la percepción y el plano del aparecer que dirige la acción. Held reconstruye los argumentos de dicha crítica, al tiempo que intenta mostrar cómo Platón proyecta superar ambas formas de relativismo, descubriendo que la base de la crítica es el pensamiento de las Ideas. En contraste, Held sugiere dos perspectivas distintas desde las cuales podría intentar superarse (...)
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  18.  48
    Non-contractual Society: A Feminist View.Virginia Held - 1987 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 13:111-137.
    Contemporary society is in the grip of contractual thinking. Realities are interpreted in contractual terms, and goals are formulated in terms of rational contracts. The leading current conceptions of rationality begin with assumptions that human beings are independent, self-interested or mutually disinterested, individuals; they then typically argue that it is often rational for human beings to enter into contractual relationships with each other.
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  19.  26
    Introduction to Critical Theory: Horkheimer to Habermas.David Held - 1980 - Polity.
    The writings of the Frankfurt school, in particular of Horkheimer, Adorno, Marcuse, and Jurgen Habermas, caught the imagination of the radical movements of the 1960s and 1970s and became a key element in the Marxism of the New Left. Partly due to their rise to prominence during the political turmoil of the 1960s, the work of these critical theorists has been the subject of continuing controversy in both political and academic circles. However, their ideas are frequently misunderstood. In this major (...)
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  20.  24
    Prolegomena to a critical theory of the global order.David Held & Pietro Maffettone - 2019 - Ethics and Global Politics 12 (3):1668198.
    We start from, and expand on, a basic insight in negative dialectic, namely, that our main concern should be with the absolute worst in political life. We then consider how this might have an impact on the way we understand the role and grounds of moral equality. Subsequently, we move on to explain the importance of decency in political morality. Finally, we take a closer look to basic data about global poverty and inequality and what these might tell us in (...)
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  21.  10
    Review article — was Plato a Platonist?Dirk T. D. Held - 2002 - Polis 19 (1-2):157-162.
  22.  7
    Review Article — Was Plato A Platonist?Dirk T. D. Held - 2002 - Polis 19 (1-2):157-162.
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  23. Liberty and equality from a feminist perspective.Virginia Held - 1989 - In Neil MacCormick & Zenon Bankowski (eds.), Enlightenment, rights, and revolution: essays in legal and social philosophy. [Aberdeen]: Aberdeen University Press. pp. 214--228.
  24.  4
    Was Plato A Platonist?Dirk T. D. Held - 2002 - Polis 19 (1-2):157-162.
  25.  19
    Mitochondrial quality control pathways as determinants of metabolic health.Ntsiki M. Held & Riekelt H. Houtkooper - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (8):867-876.
    Mitochondrial function is key for maintaining cellular health, while mitochondrial failure is associated with various pathologies, including inherited metabolic disorders and age‐related diseases. In order to maintain mitochondrial quality, several pathways of mitochondrial quality control have evolved. These systems monitor mitochondrial integrity through antioxidants, DNA repair systems, and chaperones and proteases involved in the mitochondrial unfolded protein response. Additional regulation of mitochondrial function involves dynamic exchange of components through mitochondrial fusion and fission. Sustained stress induces a selective autophagy – termed (...)
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  26.  41
    Abraham Joshua Heschel: The Call of Transcendence.Shai Held - 2015 - Indiana University Press.
    Abraham Joshua Heschel was a prolific scholar, impassioned theologian, and prominent activist who participated in the black civil rights movement and the campaign against the Vietnam War. He has been hailed as a hero, honored as a visionary, and endlessly quoted as a devotional writer. In this sympathetic, yet critical, examination, Shai Held elicits the overarching themes and unity of Heschel’s incisive and insightful thought. Focusing on the idea of transcendence—or the movement from self-centeredness to God-centeredness—Held puts Heschel (...)
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  27. Group responsibility for ethnic conflict.Virginia Held - 2002 - The Journal of Ethics 6 (2):157-178.
    When a group of persons such as a nation orcorporation has a relatively clear structureand set of decision procedures, it is capableof acting and should, it can well be argued, beconsidered morally as well as legallyresponsible. This is not because it is afull-fledged moral person, but becauseassigning responsibility is a human practice,and we have good moral reasons to adopt thepractice of considering such groupsresponsible. From such judgments, however,little follows about the responsibility ofindividual members of such groups; much moreneeds to be (...)
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  28.  47
    Anything but a dog's life? Further comments on Fukuyama, Callinicos, and Giddens.David Held - 1993 - Theory and Society 22 (2):293-304.
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  29. The Meshing of Care and Justice.Virginia Held - 1995 - Hypatia 10 (2):128 - 132.
    This essay attempts to work out how justice and care and their related concerns fit together. I suggest that as a basic moral value, care should be the wider moral framework into which justice should be fitted.
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  30.  25
    Abraham Joshua Heschel: The Call of Transcendence.Shai Held - 2013 - Indiana University Press.
    Abraham Joshua Heschel was a prolific scholar, impassioned theologian, and prominent activist who participated in the black civil rights movement and the campaign against the Vietnam War. He has been hailed as a hero, honored as a visionary, and endlessly quoted as a devotional writer. In this sympathetic, yet critical, examination, Shai Held elicits the overarching themes and unity of Heschel’s incisive and insightful thought. Focusing on the idea of transcendence—or the movement from self-centeredness to God-centeredness—Held puts Heschel (...)
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  31.  19
    mḫṣ/*mḫš in Ugaritic and Other Semitic Languages (A Study in Comparative Lexicography)mhs/*mhs in Ugaritic and Other Semitic Languages.Moshe Held - 1959 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 79 (3):169.
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  32.  14
    Temple anímico fundamental y crítica a la cultura contemporánea en Heidegger.Klaus Held - 2015 - Co-herencia 12 (23).
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  33.  20
    Genes in Development: Re-reading the Molecular Paradigm.Eva M. Neumann-Held, Christoph Rehmann-Sutter, Barbara Herrnstein Smith & E. Roy Weintraub (eds.) - 2006 - Duke University Press.
    In light of scientific advances such as genomics, predictive diagnostics, genetically engineered agriculture, nuclear transfer cloning, and the manipulation of stem cells, the idea that genes carry predetermined molecular programs or blueprints is pervasive. Yet new scientific discoveries—such as rna transcripts of single genes that can lead to the production of different compounds from the same pieces of dna—challenge the concept of the gene alone as the dominant factor in biological development. Increasingly aware of the tension between certain empirical results (...)
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  34.  32
    Care and the Extension of Markets.Virginia Held - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (2):19-33.
    Many activities formerly not in the market are being “marketized,” and women's labor is increasingly in the market. I consider the grounds on which to decide what should and what should not be “in” the market. I distinguish work that is paid from work done under “market norms,” and argue that market values should not have priority in education, childcare, healthcare, and many other activities. I suggest that a feminist ethics of care is more promising than Kantian ethics or utilitarianism (...)
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  35.  4
    Back to Reality: A Critique of Postmodern Theory in Psychotherapy.Barbara S. Held - 1995 - W W Norton & Company.
    The author critiques postmodern/narrative theory, with its underlying antirealist/constructivist philosophy that the knower makes rather than discovers reality. As an alternative, she introduces readers to the integrative/eclective therapy movement and proposes "modest realism".
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  36.  44
    The terms of political discourse: A comment on Oppenheim.Virginia Held - 1973 - Political Theory 1 (1):69-75.
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  37.  8
    Alienation and Theatricality: Diderot After Brecht.Phoebe von Held - 2011 - Legenda.
    Alienation (Vefremdung) is a concept inextricably linked with the name of twentieth-century German playwright Bertolt Brecht, with modernism, the avant-garde and Marxists theory. However, as Phoebe von Held argues in this book 'alienation' as a sociological and aesthetic notion avant la lettre head already surfaced in the thought of eighteenth-century French philosopher and writer Denis Diderot. This original study destablizes the conventional understanding of alienation through a reading of Le Paradoxe sur le comTdien, Le Neveu de Rameau and other (...)
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  38. Truth does not explain predictive success.Carsten Held - 2011 - Analysis 71 (2):232-234.
    Laudan famously argued that neither truth nor approximate truth can be part of an explanation of a scientific theory's predictive success because in the history of science there were theories that enjoyed some limited success but now are considered outright false. The power of his argument lay in the many historic examples he listed . Realists have disputed that all theories on Laudan's list can be regarded as predictively successful but let's suppose momentarily that at least some exist that support (...)
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  39. Husserl's Phenomenology of the Life-World.Klaus Held - 2003 - In Donn Welton (ed.), The New Husserl: A Critical Reader. Indiana University Press.
     
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  40.  98
    The ethics of care.Virginia Held - 2000 - In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology. New York, NY, United States of America: Oxford University Press USA.
    In the last few decades, the ethics of care as a feminist ethic has given rise to extensive literature, and has affected moral inquiries in many areas. It offers a distinctive challenge to the dominant moral theories: Kantian moral theory, utilitarianism, and virtue ethics. This chapter outlines the distinctive features and promising possibilities of the ethics of care, and the criticisms that have been made against it. It then examines the ethics of care’s recognition of human dependency and of the (...)
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  41.  20
    Cosmopolitanism in a multipolar world.David Held - 2012 - In Rosi Braidotti, Patrick Hanafin & Bolette Blaagaard (eds.), After cosmopolitanism. New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, a Glasshouse book. pp. 28.
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  42.  11
    Heidegger et l'idée de la phénoménologie.F. Volpi, J.-F. Mattéi, T. Sheehan, J.-F. Courtine, J. Taminiaux, J. Sallis, Dominique Janicaud, A. L. Kelkel, Rudolf Bernet, R. Brisart, K. Held, M. Haar & J. C. IJsseling - 1988 - Springer Verlag.
  43.  62
    Intercultural Understanding and The Role of Europe.Klaus Held - 1995 - The Monist 78 (1):5-17.
    The following considerations have their origin in the recent debate on inter-cultural understanding. In one respect one might characterize the opposing positions in this debate as anthropological universalism and anthropological relativism. Each party, however, imputes to the other a hidden Eurocentrism. The intention of my paper is to show that a third way between these opposing positions is possible, a way that becomes evident when one reflects explicitly on the bearing of European culture on this debate.
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  44. Morality, care, and international law.Virginia Held - 2011 - Ethics and Global Politics 4 (3):173-194.
    Whether we should respect international law is in dispute. In the United States, international law is dismissed by the left as merely promoting the interests of powerful states. It is attacked by the right as irrelevant and an interference with the interests and mission of the United States. And it follows from the arguments of many liberals that in the absence of world government the world is in a Hobbesian state of nature and international law inapplicable. This article reviews the (...)
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  45.  79
    Marx via Feuerbach.Jacob M. Held - 2009 - Idealistic Studies 39 (1-3):137-148.
    Although there has been consistent interest in Marx and Marxism there has been little sustained interest in the origins of Marx’s ethical thought and his relation to the German philosophical tradition as a whole. Work has been done linking Marx to Fichte, and a great deal more linking him to Hegel. However, the fundamental concept joining them all is recognition, or interpersonal relations in general. In this regard, none of the German thinkers can be understood withoutfirst grasping their understanding of (...)
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  46. Justice and care: essential readings in feminist ethics.Virginia Held (ed.) - 1995 - Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.
    When feminist philosophers first turned their attention to traditional ethical theory, its almost exclusive emphasis upon justice, rights, abstract rationality, and individual autonomy came under special criticism. Women’s experiences seemed to suggest the need for a focus on care, empathetic relations, and the interdependence of persons.The most influential readings of what has become an extremely lively and fruitful debate are reproduced here along with important new contributions by Alison Jaggar and Sara Ruddick. As this volume testifies, there is no agreement (...)
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  47. Husserl's Phenomenological Method.Klaus Held - 2003 - In Donn Welton (ed.), The New Husserl: A Critical Reader. Indiana University Press.
  48.  3
    Reasons and Reason.Barbara Held - 1999 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 3 (1):43-52.
    Katherine Morrison charges that in my book, Back to Reality, I failed to make my case for the adoption of a modest realism in postmodern (narrative) therapy, because I failed to establish the motive behind that movement’s adoption of antirealism. In fact, in Back to Reality, I put forth several reasons for therapists of all stripes to favor a modest realism over antirealism, reasons which do not depend upon the motives of narrative therapists, whatever they may be.Katherine Morrison prétend que (...)
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  49.  8
    Phoinix, Agamemnon And Achilleus: Parables and Paradeigmata.George F. Held - 1987 - Classical Quarterly 37 (02):245-.
    Achilleus′ speeches and action in Iliad 24 ‘complete a development of character-or better, enlargement of experience and comprehension-which stretches through the whole poem’. I largely agree with this statement, but since I also believe that an ‘enlargement of experience and comprehension’ necessarily entails ‘ a development of character’, I do not hesitate, as its author does, to assert that Achilleus′ character develops, i.e., changes for the better, in the course of the Iliad. It is my purpose here to discuss one (...)
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  50. Einstein’s Boxes: Incompleteness of Quantum Mechanics Without a Separation Principle.Carsten Held - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (9):1002-1018.
    Einstein made several attempts to argue for the incompleteness of quantum mechanics, not all of them using a separation principle. One unpublished example, the box parable, has received increased attention in the recent literature. Though the example is tailor-made for applying a separation principle and Einstein indeed applies one, he begins his discussion without it. An analysis of this first part of the parable naturally leads to an argument for incompleteness not involving a separation principle. I discuss the argument and (...)
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