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  1.  82
    Directed Organ Donation: Is the Donor the Owner?A. J. Cronin & D. Price - 2008 - Clinical Ethics 3 (3):127-131.
    The issue of directed donation of organs from deceased donors for transplantation has recently risen to the fore, given greater significance by the relatively stagnant rate of deceased donor donation in the UK. Although its status and legitimacy is explicitly recognized across the USA, elsewhere a more cautious, if not entirely negative, stance has been taken. In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, the Human Tissue Act 2004, and in Scotland the Human Tissue (Scotland) Act 2006, are both silent in this (...)
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  2.  96
    Authorisation, Altruism and Compulsion in the Organ Donation Debate.A. J. Cronin & J. Harris - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (10):627-631.
    The report from the Organ Donation Taskforce looking at the potential impact of an opt-out system for deceased donor organ donation in the UK, published in November 2008, is probably the most comprehensive and systematic inquiry to date into the issues and considerations which might affect the availability of deceased donor organs for clinical transplantation. By the end of a thorough and transparent process, a clear consensus was reached. The taskforce rejected the idea of an opt-out system. In this article (...)
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  3.  14
    British Transplant Research Endangered by the Human Tissue Act.A. J. Cronin, M. L. Rose, J. H. Dark & J. F. Douglas - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (8):512-514.
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  4.  13
    Allowing Autonomous Agents Freedom.A. J. Cronin - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (3):129-132.
    Living-donor kidney transplantation is the “gold standard” treatment for many individuals with end-stage renal failure. Superior outcomes for the graft and the transplant recipient have prompted the implementation of new strategies promoting living-donor kidney transplantation, and the number of such transplants has increased considerably over recent years. Living donors are undoubtedly exposed to risk. In his editorial “underestimating the risk in living kidney donation”, Walter Glannon suggests that more data on long-term outcomes for living donors are needed to determine whether (...)
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  5.  10
    Transplants Save Lives, Defending the Double Veto Does Not: A Reply to Wilkinson.A. J. Cronin - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (4):219-220.
    Wilkinson’s discussion of the individual and family consent to organ and tissue donation is to be welcomed because it draws attention to the “incoherent hybrid” of the current position.1 I wish to highlight some areas of his discussion and propose that, in a situation of posthumous organ and tissue donation, the cadaver has no individual rights and family rights should under no circumstances automatically outweigh the potential transplant recipients’ right to a life-saving treatment.Transplant immunobiology and clinical transplantation is a revolutionary (...)
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  6.  29
    Transplant Research and Deceased Donors: Laws, Licences and Fear of Liability.J. F. Douglas, M. L. Rose, J. H. Dark & A. J. Cronin - 2011 - Clinical Ethics 6 (3):140-145.
    Transplantation research on samples and organs from deceased donors in England, Wales and Northern Ireland is under threat. The key problems relate to difficulties encountered in gaining consent for research projects, as distinct from consent to donation for clinical transplantation. They are due partly to the terms of the Human Tissue Act 2004 (the 2004 Act), and partly to its interpretation by the Human Tissue Authority (HTA). They include excessive interaction with donor representatives regarding ‘informed consent’ to research projects, uncertainty (...)
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  7.  29
    The Ethics of Organ Retrieval: Goals, Rights and Responsibilities.A. J. Cronin & S. Sacks - 2011 - Clinical Ethics 6 (3):111-112.
  8.  10
    Licenced to Transplant: UK Overkill on EU Organ Directive Provides Golden Opportunity for Research.A. J. Cronin, J. Douglas & S. Sacks - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (10):593-595.
    Progress in transplantation outcomes depends on continuing research into both donor and recipient factors that may enhance graft and patient survival. A system of licencing for transplantation research, introduced by the Human Tissue Act 2004, which separates it from the transplantation process (then exempt from licencing), has damaged this vital activity by a combination of inflexible interpretation of the 2004 Act and fear of criminal liability on the part of researchers. Now, following the European Union (EU) Directive (2010) on standards (...)
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  9.  16
    Requested Allocation of a Deceased Donor Organ: Laws and Misconceptions.J. F. Douglas & A. J. Cronin - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (6):321-321.
    In the Laura Ashworth case in 2008, the Human Tissue Authority considered itself bound to overturn a deceased daughter's alleged wish that one of her kidneys should go to her mother, who at the time had end stage kidney failure and was on dialysis. 12 This was so even though Laura's earlier wish to be a living donor would most likely have been authorised, had the formal assessment process begun. The decision provoked much criticism. The recent Department of Health document (...)
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