8 found
  1.  41
    The Mental Representation of Discourse in a Focussed Memory System: Implications for the Interpretation of Anaphoric Noun Phrases.S. C. Garrod & A. J. Sanford - 1982 - Journal of Semantics 1 (1):21-41.
    To a cognitive psychologist discourse comprehension poses a number of interesting problems both in terms of mental representation and mental operations. In this paper we suggest that certain of these problems can be brought into clear focus by employing a procedural approach to discourse description. In line with this approach a general framework for the mental representation of discourse is discussed in which distinctions between different types of memory partitions are proposed. It is argued that one needs to distinguish both (...)
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  2.  28
    Pronouns Without Explicit Antecedents?A. J. Sanford, S. Garrod, A. Lucas & R. Henderson - 1983 - Journal of Semantics 2 (3-4):303-318.
    Yule (1982) has argued that examples from speech show that pronouns may be interpreted nonreferentially. In the present paper, it is argued that pronouns elicit procedures for the identification of referents which are in explicit focus (Sanford and Garrod, 1981). Three experiments are offered in support of this view. The discussion centres on the need for carefully assessing the knowledge-states of listeners when pronouns are used in the absence of antecedents. It is proposed that felicitous use of pronouns without antecedents (...)
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  3.  23
    Description Types and Method of Conjoining as Factors Influencing Plural Anaphora: A Continuation Study of Focus.A. J. Sanford & F. Lockhart - 1990 - Journal of Semantics 7 (4):365-378.
    An experiment is reported which investigates the impact of two variables on the likelihood of obtaining plural pronoun anaphors in a continuation task. The first variable is syntactic: the use of and versus with as a means of relating two singular characters. Use of and enhances the likelihood of obtaining a plural anaphor in continuations, but the incidence of plural is never as high as 60%. The second variable is description type: whether the characters are introduced through proper names (e. (...)
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  4.  41
    Some Comments on 'the Society of Mind'.A. J. Sanford - 1986 - Journal of Semantics 5 (2):175-176.
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  5.  13
    Attention Bias and the Relation of Perception Lag to Simple Reaction Time.A. J. Sanford - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (3):443.
  6.  11
    Criterion Effects in Simple Reaction Time: Results with Stimulus Intensity and Duration Manipulations.A. J. Sanford - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (2):370.
  7.  25
    The Nature and Limits of Human Understanding: The 2001 Gifford Lectures at the University of Glasgow.A. J. Sanford & P. N. Johnson-Laird (eds.) - 2003 - T & T Clark.
    This book is an exploration of human understanding, from the perspectives of psychology, philosophy, biology and theology. The six contributors are among the most internationally eminent in their fields. Though scholarly, the writing is non-technical. No background in psychology, philosophy or theology is presumed. No other interdisciplinary work has undertaken to explore the nature of human understanding. This book is unique, and highly significant for anyone interested in or concerned about the human condition.
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  8.  16
    The Control of Attributional Patterns by the Focusing Properties of Quantifying Expressions.S. B. Barton & A. J. Sanford - 1990 - Journal of Semantics 7 (1):81-92.
    Recent evidence has shown that certain quantifiers (few, only a few) and quantifying adverbs (seldom, rarely) when used tend to make people think of reasons for the small proportions or low frequencies which they denote. Other expressions single out small proportions or low frequences, but do not lead to a focus on reasons (e. g. a few; occasionally). In the present paper, these observations are applied to the attribution of cause in short two–line vignettes which make reference to situations, and (...)
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