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Profile: A. John Simmons (University of Virginia, Northwestern College)
  1. Ideal and Nonideal Theory.A. John Simmons - 2010 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 38 (1):5-36.
  2. Justification and Legitimacy.A. John Simmons - 1999 - Ethics 109 (4):739-771.
    In this essay I will discuss the relationship between two of the most basic ideas in political and legal philosophy: the justification of the state and state legitimacy. I plainly cannot aspire here to a complete account of these matters; but I hope to be able to say enough to motivate a way of thinking about the relation between these notions that is, I believe, superior to the approach which seems to be dominant in contemporary political philosophy. Today showing that (...)
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  3. Moral Principles and Political Obligations.A. John Simmons - 1979 - Princeton University Press.
    Every political theorist will need this book . . . . It is more 'important' than 90% of the work published in philosophy."--Joel Feinberg, University of Arizona.
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  4. Justification and Legitimacy: Essays on Rights and Obligations.A. John Simmons - 2003 - Law and Philosophy 22 (2):195-216.
    A. John Simmons is widely regarded as one of the most innovative and creative of today's political philosophers. His work on political obligation is regarded as definitive and he is also internationally respected as an interpreter of John Locke. The characteristic features of clear argumentation and careful scholarship that have been hallmarks of his philosophy are everywhere evident in this collection. The essays focus on the problems of political obligation and state legitimacy as well as on historical theories of property (...)
     
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  5. Political Philosophy.A. John Simmons - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    The most recent addition to the Fundamentals of Philosophy Series, Political Philosophy is a concise yet thorough and highly engaging introduction to the essential problems of the discipline. Organized topically and presented in a straightforward manner by an eminent political philosopher, A. John Simmons, it investigates the nature and basis of political authority and the structure and organization of political life. Each chapter focuses on a central problem, considers how it could be addressed, and outlines the various philosophical positions surrounding (...)
     
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  6. The Lockean Theory of Rights.A. John Simmons - 1992
     
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  7.  89
    Associative Political Obligations.A. John Simmons - 1996 - Ethics 106 (2):247-273.
    It is claimed by philosophers as diverse as Burke, Walzer, Dworkin, and MacIntyre that our political obligations are best understood as "associative" or "communal" obligations--that is, as obligations that require neither voluntary undertaking nor justification by "external" moral principles, but rather as "local" moral responsibilities whose normative weight derives entirely from their assignment by social practice. This paper identifies three primary lines of argument that appear to support such assertions: conceptual arguments, the arguments of nonvoluntarist contract theory, and communitarian arguments (...)
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  8. 10. Nicholas Rescher, Objectivity: The Obligations of Impersonal Reason Nicholas Rescher, Objectivity: The Obligations of Impersonal Reason (Pp. 917-919). [REVIEW]Tamar Schapiro, A. John Simmons, Seana Valentine Shiffrin, Sarah Buss, Julia Driver, G. F. Schueler, James Montmarquet, Mark van Roojen & Samantha Brennan - 1999 - Ethics 109 (4).
     
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  9. On the Territorial Rights of States.A. John Simmons - 2001 - Noûs 35 (s1):300-326.
    When officials of some political society portray their state as legitimate - and when do they not! - they intend to be laying claim to a large body of rights, the rights in which their state's legitimacy allegedly consists. The rights claimed are minimally those that states must exercise if they are to retain effective control over their territories and populations in a world composed of numerous autonomous states. Often the rights states are trying to claim in asserting their legitimacy (...)
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  10.  75
    Democratic Authority and the Boundary Problem.A. John Simmons - 2013 - Ratio Juris 26 (3):326-357.
    Theories of political authority divide naturally into those that locate the source of states' authority in the history of states' interactions with their subjects and those that locate it in structural (or functional) features of states (such as the justice of their basic institutions). This paper argues that purely structuralist theories of political authority (such as those defended by Kant, Rawls, and contemporary “democratic Kantians”) must fail because of their inability to solve the boundary problem—namely, the problem of locating the (...)
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  11. Locke and the Right to Punish.A. John Simmons - 1991 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 20 (4):311-349.
  12. Tacit Consent and Political Obligation.A. John Simmons - 1976 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 5 (3):274-291.
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  13. Philosophical Anarchism.A. John Simmons - unknown
    Anarchist political philosophers normally include in their theories (or implicitly rely upon) a vision of a social life very different than the life experienced by most persons today. Theirs is a vision of autonomous, noncoercive, productive interaction among equals, liberated from and without need for distinctively political institutions, such as formal legal systems or governments or the state. This "positive" part of anarchist theories, this vision of the good social life, will be discussed only indirectly in this essay. Rather, I (...)
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  14.  42
    Historical Rights and Fair Shares.A. John Simmons - 1995 - Law and Philosophy 14 (2):149 - 184.
    My aim of this paper is to clarify, and in a certain very limited way to defend, historical theories of property rights (and their associated theories of social or distributive justice). It is important, I think, to better understand historical rights for several reasons: first, because of the extent to which historical theories capture commonsense, unphilosophical views about property and justice; then, because historical theories have fallen out of philosophical fashion, and are consequently not much scrutinized anymore; and finally, because (...)
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  15.  88
    The Principle of Fair Play.A. John Simmons - 1979 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 8 (4):307-337.
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  16.  52
    External Justifications and Institutional Roles.A. John Simmons - 1996 - Journal of Philosophy 93 (1):28-36.
    In his paper "Role Obligations," Michael Hardimon defends an account of the nature and justification of institutional obligations that he takes to be clearly superior to the "standard" voluntarist view. Hardimon argues that this standard view presents a "misleading and distorted" picture of role obligations (and of morality generally); and in its best form he claims this view still "leaves out" of its understanding of even contractual role obligations an "absolutely vital factor". I argue against Hardimon that a related version (...)
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  17. The Anarchist Position: A Reply to Klosko and Senor.A. John Simmons - 1987 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 16 (3):269-279.
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  18.  94
    “Denisons” and “Aliens”: Locke's Problem of Political Consent.A. John Simmons - 1998 - Social Theory and Practice 24 (2):161-182.
    Locke appears to be committed to the peculiar views that native-born residents and visiting aliens have the same political status (since both are tacit consenters) and that real political societies have very few "members" with full rights and duties (since only express consenters seem to be counted as "members"). Locke, however, also subscribes to a principle governing our understanding of the content of vague or inexplicit consent: such consent is consent to all and only that which is necessary to the (...)
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  19.  6
    On the Territorial Rights of States.A. John Simmons - 2001 - Philosophical Issues 11 (1):300-326.
  20. Political Obligation and Authority.A. John Simmons - 2002 - In Robert L. Simon (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Social and Political Philosophy. Blackwell.
     
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  21.  82
    Consent Theory for Libertarians.A. John Simmons - 2005 - Social Philosophy and Policy 22 (1):330-356.
    This paper argues that libertarian political philosophers, including Robert Nozick, have erred in neglecting the problem of political obligation and that they ought to embrace an actual consent theory of political obligation and state legitimacy. It argues as well that if they followed this recommendation, their position on the subject would be correct. I identify the tension in libertarian (and especially Nozick's) thought between its minimalist and its consensualist strains and argue that, on libertarianism's own terms, the consensualist strain ought (...)
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  22.  59
    Makers' Rights.A. John Simmons - 1998 - Journal of Ethics 2 (3):197-218.
    This paper examines the thesis that human labor creates property rights in or from previously unowned objects by virtue of labor's power to make new things. This thesis is considered for two possible roles: first, as a thesis to which John Locke might have been committed in his writings on property; and second, as a thesis of independent plausibility that could serve as part of a defensible contemporary theory of property rights. Understanding Locke as committed to the thesis of makers' (...)
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  23.  1
    Moral Principles and Political Obligations.Diana T. Meyers & A. John Simmons - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (3):472.
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  24.  29
    Original-Acquisition Justifications of Private Property.A. John Simmons - 1994 - Social Philosophy and Policy 11 (02):63-84.
    My aim in this essay is to explore the nature and force of “original-acquisition” justifications of private property. By “original-acquisition” justifications, I mean those arguments which purport to establish or importantly contribute to the moral defense of private property by: offering a moral/historical account of how legitimate private property rights for persons first arose ; offering a hypothetical or conjectural account of how justified private property could arise from a propertyless condition; or simply defending an account of how an individual (...)
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  25. A Duty to Obey the Law: For or Against?Christopher Heath Wellman & A. John Simmons - 2009 - Law and Philosophy 28 (1):101-107.
     
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  26.  11
    “Denisons” and “Aliens”.A. John Simmons - 1998 - Social Theory and Practice 24 (2):161-182.
  27.  86
    Locke on the Death Penalty.Simmons A. John - 1994 - Philosophy 69 (270):471-.
    Brian Calvert has offered us a clear and careful analysis of Locke's views on punishment and capital punishment. The primary goal of his paper - that of correcting the misperception of Locke as a wholehearted proponent of capital punishment for a wide range of offenses - must be allowed to be both laudable and largely achieved in his discussion. But Calvert's analysis also encourages, I think, a number of serious misunderstandings of Locke's true position.
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  28. Right and Wrong.A. John Simmons & Charles Fried - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (1):125.
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  29.  38
    Inalienable Rights and Locke's Treatises.A. John Simmons - 1983 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 12 (3):175-204.
  30.  15
    Consent and Fairness in Planning Land Use.A. John Simmons - 1987 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 6 (2):5-19.
  31.  1
    An Essay on the Modern State.A. John Simmons & Christopher W. Morris - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (2):271.
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  32.  1
    Democracy's Discontent: America in Search of a Public Philosophy.A. John Simmons & Michael J. Sandel - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (1):133.
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  33.  18
    Reasonable Expectations and Obligations: A Reply to Postow.A. John Simmons - 1981 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (1):123-127.
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  34.  2
    Part 4. Consent and the Edge of Anarchy.A. John Simmons - 1995 - In On the Edge of Anarchy: Locke, Consent, and the Limits of Society. Princeton University Press. pp. 193-270.
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  35.  25
    The Limits of Lockean Rights in Property.A. John Simmons - 1998 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (4):997-999.
  36. External Justifications and Institutional Roles.A. John Simmons - 1996 - Journal of Philosophy 93 (1):28-36.
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  37.  1
    Hobbesian Moral and Political Theory.A. John Simmons & Gregory S. Kavka - 1989 - Philosophical Review 98 (3):404.
  38.  4
    On the Edge of Anarchy: Locke, Consent, and the Limits of Society.S. A. Lloyd & A. John Simmons - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (1):139.
  39.  17
    Democracy's Discontent.A. John Simmons - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (1):133-135.
  40.  7
    Volume22 No. 1 2003.Philip Montague, Hanoch Sheinman, Tort Law & A. John Simmons - 2003 - Law and Philosophy 22:629-630.
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  41.  5
    Liberal Impartiality and Political Legitimacy.A. John Simmons - 1993 - Philosophical Books 34 (4):213-223.
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  42.  1
    Reasonable Expectations and Obligations: A Reply to Postow.A. John Simmons - 1981 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (1):123-127.
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  43.  1
    Part 2. Consent and Government.A. John Simmons - 1995 - In On the Edge of Anarchy: Locke, Consent, and the Limits of Society. Princeton University Press. pp. 57-98.
  44.  1
    Part 1. Nonconsensual Relations.A. John Simmons - 1995 - In On the Edge of Anarchy: Locke, Consent, and the Limits of Society. Princeton University Press. pp. 11-56.
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  45. Book Review:Democratic Theory and Practice. Graeme Duncan. [REVIEW]A. John Simmons - 1984 - Ethics 95 (1):151-.
  46. The Social Contract Theorists: Critical Essays on Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau.John Charvet, Joshua Cohen, David Gauthier, M. M. Goldsmith, Jean Hampton, Gregory S. Kavka, Patrick Riley, Arthur Ripstein & A. John Simmons - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This rich collection will introduce students of philosophy and politics to the contemporary critical literature on the classical social contract political thinkers Thomas Hobbes , John Locke , and Jean-Jacques Rousseau . A dozen essays and book excerpts have been selected to guide students through the texts and to introduce them to current scholarly controversies surrounding the contractarian political theories of these three thinkers.
     
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  47. The Duty to Obey the Law: Selected Philosophical Readings.Leslie Green, Kent Greenawalt, Nancy J. Hirschmann, George Klosko, Mark C. Murphy, John Rawls, Joseph Raz, Rolf Sartorius, A. John Simmons, M. B. E. Smith, Philip Soper, Jeremy Waldron, Richard A. Wasserstrom & Robert Paul Wolff - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The question 'Why should I obey the law?' introduces a contemporary puzzle that is as old as philosophy itself. The puzzle is especially troublesome if we think of cases in which breaking the law is not otherwise wrongful, and in which the chances of getting caught are negligible. Philosophers from Socrates to H.L.A. Hart have struggled to give reasoned support to the idea that we do have a general moral duty to obey the law but, more recently, the greater number (...)
     
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  48. Abbreviations.A. John Simmons - 1995 - In On the Edge of Anarchy: Locke, Consent, and the Limits of Society. Princeton University Press.
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  49. Acknowledgments.A. John Simmons - 1995 - In On the Edge of Anarchy: Locke, Consent, and the Limits of Society. Princeton University Press.
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  50. Bentham.A. John Simmons & James Steintrager - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (4):610.
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