Results for 'A. Lauren Crain'

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  1.  29
    Relationships Between the Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC) and Self-Reported Research Practices.A. Lauren Crain, Brian C. Martinson & Carol R. Thrush - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):835-850.
    The Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC) is a validated tool to facilitate promotion of research integrity and research best practices. This work uses the SORC to assess shared and individual perceptions of the research climate in universities and academic departments and relate these perceptions to desirable and undesirable research practices. An anonymous web- and mail-based survey was administered to randomly selected biomedical and social science faculty and postdoctoral fellows in the United States. Respondents reported their perceptions of the research (...)
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  2.  34
    Development and Validation of the Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC).Brian C. Martinson, Carol R. Thrush & A. Lauren Crain - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):813-834.
    Development and targeting efforts by academic organizations to effectively promote research integrity can be enhanced if they are able to collect reliable data to benchmark baseline conditions, to assess areas needing improvement, and to subsequently assess the impact of specific initiatives. To date, no standardized and validated tool has existed to serve this need. A web- and mail-based survey was administered in the second half of 2009 to 2,837 randomly selected biomedical and social science faculty and postdoctoral fellows at 40 (...)
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  3. Richard Vagnino and Lauren Olin: Isn’T That Clever: A Philosophical Account of Humor and Comedy, Steven Gimbel. Routledge, 2017. Pp. 208. [REVIEW]Lauren Olin & Richard Vagnino - 2020 - The Philosophy of Humor Yearbook 1 (1):285-287.
    Despite sustained philosophical attention, no theory of humor claims general acceptance. Drawing on the resources provided by intentional systems theory, this article first outlines an approach to investigating humor based on the idea of a comic stance, then sketches the Dismissal Theory of Humor that has resulted from pursuing that approach. According to the DTH, humor manifests in cases where the future-directed significance of anticipatory failures is dismissed. Mirth, on this view, is the reward people get for declining to update (...)
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  4. A Poetic Hermeneutic Phenomenological Analysis of Midwives Being with Woman During Childbirth.Lauren Hunter - 2011 - In Gill Thomson, Fiona Dykes & Soo Downe (eds.), Qualitative Research in Midwifery and Childbirth Phenomenological Approaches. Routledge.
     
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  5.  5
    Prohibited Substance Regulation and Compliance Testing: A Principalism Approach.J. B. Laurens & P. A. Carstens - 2020 - South African Journal of Bioethics and Law 13 (2):114.
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  6.  10
    Medication Practice and Feminist Thought: A Theoretical and Ethical Response to Adherence in HIV/AIDS.Lauren M. Broyles, Alison M. Colbert & Judith A. Erlen - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (4):362-378.
  7.  18
    Medication Practice and Feminist Thought: A Theoretical and Ethical Response to Adherence in Hiv/Aids.Lauren M. Broyles, Alison M. Colbert & And Judith A. Erlen - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (4):362–378.
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  8.  12
    Reconsidering Samuel: A Mental Health Caretaker at a Ghanaian Prayer Camp.Lauren A. Taylor - 2016 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 59 (2):263-275.
    Since early 2014, i have studied what life is like for staff in a mental health sanatorium at a Ghanaian prayer camp. I have traveled to the camp on six occasions to observe its rhythms and routines and interview staff about their work. What follows is an informal reflection on the role of prayer camps as a source of mental health care in Ghana. The text is based on my experience conducting the research at the camp, rather than a formal (...)
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  9.  24
    A Hermeneutic Approach to Gender and Other Social Identities.Lauren Swayne Barthold - 2016 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This book draws on the hermeneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer to inform a feminist perspective of social identities. Lauren Swayne Barthold moves beyond answers that either defend the objective nature of identities or dismiss their significance altogether. Building on the work of both hermeneutic and non-hermeneutic feminist theorists of identity, she asserts the relevance of concepts like horizon, coherence, dialogue, play, application, and festival for developing a theory of identity. This volume argues that as intersubjective interpretations, social identities are vital (...)
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  10.  28
    A Gender Difference in the False Recall of Negative Words: Women DRM More Than Men.Stephen A. Dewhurst, Rachel J. Anderson & Lauren M. Knott - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (1):65-74.
  11.  54
    Stephen Crain & Rosalind Thornton, Investigations in Universal Gram-Mar: A Guide to Experiments on the Acquisition of Syntax and Semantics. [REVIEW]Bart Geurts - 2000 - Linguistics and Philosophy 23 (5):523-532.
  12.  3
    Applied Legal Epistemology: Building a Knowledge-Based Ontology of the Legal Domain.Laurens Mommers - 2002 - L. Mommers.
  13.  35
    “A Prison Gets to Be a Friend”: Emily Dickinson, Agoraphobia and Introspection.Lauren Vanderhurst - 2011 - Emergence: A Journal of Undergraduate Literary Criticism and Creative Research 2.
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  14. A Particular Turn or Habit of the Imagination: Adam Smith on Love, Friendship and Philosophy.Lauren Brubaker - 2003 - In Eduardo Velasquez (ed.), Love and Friendship: Rethinking Politics and Affection in Modern Times.
     
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  15. A Philosophical-Biographical Profile of Chung-Ying Cheng.Lauren Pfister - 2008 - In Zhongying Cheng & On Cho Ng (eds.), The Imperative of Understanding: Chinese Philosophy, Comparative Philosophy, and Onto-Hermeneutics: A Tribute Volume Dedicated to Professor Chung-Ying Cheng. Global Scholarly Publications.
     
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  16. How Tall is Tall? Compositionality, Statistics, and Gradable Adjectives.Lauren A. Schmidt, Noah D. Goodman, David Barner & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
     
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  17.  68
    VNR Usage: A Matter of Regulation or Ethics?Lauren Aiello & Jennifer M. Proffitt - 2008 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 23 (3):219 – 234.
    This paper explores the use of video news releases (VNRs) without source disclosure from legal and ethical perspectives. In light of current regulatory debates regarding VNRs, the paper first examines whether journalists' use of corporate VNRs without source disclosure violates FCC regulations. It then questions the ethics of using such VNRs by examining the current code of ethics for both the public relations practitioners creating VNRs and the news organizations airing them. The paper uses the ethical construct of transparency to (...)
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  18.  3
    An Asymmetric Universal in Child Language.A. Gualmini, L. Meroni & Stephen Crain - unknown
  19. Causal Control: A Rationale for Causal Selection.Lauren N. Ross - 2015
    Causal selection has to do with the distinction we make between background conditions and “the” true cause or causes of some outcome of interest. A longstanding consensus in philosophy views causal selection as lacking any objective rationale and as guided, instead, by arbitrary, pragmatic, and non-scientific considerations. I argue against this position in the context of causal selection for disease traits. In this domain, causes are selected on the basis of the type of causal control they exhibit over a disease (...)
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  20.  94
    Learning to Read: A Problem for Adam Smith and a Solution From Jane Austen.Lauren Kopajtic - 2022 - In Fictional Worlds and Philosophical Reflection. pp. 49-78.
    What might Adam Smith have learned from Jane Austen and other novelists of his moment? This paper finds and examines a serious problem at the center of Adam Smith’s moral psychology, stemming from an unacknowledged tension between the effort of the spectator to sympathize with the feelings of the agent and that of the agent to moderate her feelings. The agent’s efforts will result in her opacity to spectators, blocking their attempts to read her emotions. I argue that we can (...)
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  21.  1
    Twenty-First Century Inequality & Capitalism: Piketty, Marx and Beyond.Lauren Langman & David A. Smith (eds.) - 2018 - Brill.
    _Twenty-First Century Inequality & Capitalism: Piketty, Marx and Beyond_ is a collection of critical essays on the economist’s iconic 2014 book, from the perspective of critical theory, global political economy or public sociology, mostly drawn from the Marxist tradition.
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  22. Piketty, Inequality and 21st Century Capitalism.Lauren Langman & David A. Smith (eds.) - 2018 - Brill.
    _Twenty-First Century Inequality & Capitalism: Piketty, Marx and Beyond_ is a collection of critical essays on the economist’s iconic 2014 book, from the perspective of critical theory, global political economy or public sociology, mostly drawn from the Marxist tradition.
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  23.  13
    False Memories: A Kind of Confabulation in Non-Clinical.Lauren French, Maryanne Garry & Elizabeth Loftus - 2009 - In William Hirstein (ed.), Confabulation: Views From Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Psychology and Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 33.
  24.  4
    Authorship Not Taught and Not Caught in Undergraduate Research Experiences at a Research University.Lauren E. Abbott, Amy Andes, Aneri C. Pattani & Patricia Ann Mabrouk - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (5):2555-2599.
    This grounded study investigated the negotiation of authorship by faculty members, graduate student mentors, and their undergraduate protégés in undergraduate research experiences at a private research university in the northeastern United States. Semi-structured interviews using complementary scripts were conducted separately with 42 participants over a 3 year period to probe their knowledge and understanding of responsible authorship and publication practices and learn how faculty and students entered into authorship decision-making intended to lead to the publication of peer-reviewed technical papers. Herein (...)
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  25. Implementing Business Ethics: Sexual Harassment. [REVIEW]Karen A. Crain & Kenneth A. Heischmidt - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (4):299 - 308.
    Sexual harassment is a problem for many organizations. Organizations must understand that sexual harassment lies within the broader context of sex discrimination and inequality of opportunity in the workplace. Sexual harassment is both an illegal and unethical practice. Companies need to implement a policy which respects the rights of individual employees by prohibiting sexual harassment. This policy need to be clearly stated in the company Code of Ethics and enforced rigorously.
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  26.  37
    Must a Classical Theist Be an Immaterialist?Steven D. Crain - 1997 - Religious Studies 33 (1):81-92.
    In this paper I examine two arguments, one by R. A. Oakes and the other by P. A. Byrne, that Berkeley's immaterialism is the only metaphysic consistent with classical theism. I show that not only do Oakes and Byrne fail to demonstrate the incompatibility of physical realism with classical theism, but also that their line of argument reveals a grave inconsistency between the latter and immaterialism. For as they expound Berkeley's metaphysic, it seems incapable of explicating the metaphysical dependency of (...)
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  27.  17
    Pragmatic Abilities of Children with Williams Syndrome: A Longitudinal Examination.Angela E. John, Lauren A. Dobson, Lauren E. Thomas & Carolyn B. Mervis - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  28. Farm Policy: A Look Backward and Forward.Lauren Soth - 1960 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 27 (2):127-138.
  29.  55
    BDNF Mediates Improvements in Executive Function Following a 1-Year Exercise Intervention.Regina L. Leckie, Lauren E. Oberlin, Michelle W. Voss, Ruchika S. Prakash, Amanda Szabo-Reed, Laura Chaddock-Heyman, Siobhan M. Phillips, Neha P. Gothe, Emily Mailey, Victoria J. Vieira-Potter, Stephen A. Martin, Brandt D. Pence, Mingkuan Lin, Raja Parasuraman, Pamela M. Greenwood, Karl J. Fryxell, Jeffrey A. Woods, Edward McAuley, Arthur F. Kramer & Kirk I. Erickson - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  30. Harm Reduction: Less Ideology Than Praxis.T. Rhodes, A. Judd, N. Craine & M. Walker - unknown
     
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  31.  87
    Review of Transparent Minds: A Study of Self-Knowledge, by Jordi Fernandez. [REVIEW]Lauren Ashwell - 2013 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 8.
  32.  7
    White Matter Plasticity in Reading-Related Pathways Differs in Children Born Preterm and at Term: A Longitudinal Analysis.Lisa Bruckert, Lauren R. Borchers, Cory K. Dodson, Virginia A. Marchman, Katherine E. Travis, Michal Ben-Shachar & Heidi M. Feldman - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  33. Book Review: On Becoming a Teen Mom: Life Before Pregnancy by Mary Patrice Erdmans and Timothy Black and System Kids: Adolescent Mothers and the Politics of Regulation by Lauren J. Silver. [REVIEW]Cristina A. Pop - 2016 - Gender and Society 30 (5):858-862.
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  34.  28
    A Tale of Two Crises: Addressing Covid-19 Vaccine Hesitancy as Promoting Racial Justice.Lauren Bunch - 2021 - HEC Forum 33 (1-2):143-154.
    The year 2020 has yielded twin crises in the United States: a global pandemic and a public reckoning with racism brought about by a series of publicized instances of police violence toward Black men and women. Current data indicate that nationally, Black Americans are three times more likely than White Americans to contract Covid-19, a pattern that underscores the more general phenomenon of health disparity among Black and White Americans. Once exposed, Black Americans are twice as likely to die of (...)
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  35.  38
    Divine Action in a World Chaos: An Evaluation of John Polkinghorne’s Model of Special Divine Action.Steven D. Crain - 1997 - Faith and Philosophy 14 (1):41-61.
    John Polkinghorne, formerly a physicist and now an Anglican priest and theologian, has made a significant contribution to the current dialogue between Christian theology and the natural sciences. I examine here his reflection on what is commonly called the problem of special divine action in the world. Polkinghorne argues that God acts in the world via a “topdown” or “downward” mode of causation that exploits the indeterministic openness of chaotic systems without requiring that God violate natural laws. In response, I (...)
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  36. Why Language Acquisition is a Snap.Stephen Crain & Paul M. Pietroski - 2002 - Linguistic Review.
    Nativists inspired by Chomsky are apt to provide arguments with the following general form: languages exhibit interesting generalizations that are not suggested by casual (or even intensive) examination of what people actually say; correspondingly, adults (i.e., just about anyone above the age of four) know much more about language than they could plausibly have learned on the basis of their experience; so absent an alternative account of the relevant generalizations and speakers' (tacit) knowledge of them, one should conclude that there (...)
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  37. If Enhancement Is the Answer, Then What Is the Question? A Hermeneutic Approach to Bio- and Genetic Enhancement.Lauren Swayne Barthold - 2016 - In Georgia Warnke (ed.), Inheriting Gadamer: New Directions in Philosophical Hermeneutics. University of Edinburgh.
    This chapter defends the relevance of four themes central to Hans-Georg Gadamer’s hermeneutics for debates about bio-medical enhancement. First, I expose some of the hidden assumptions and “prejudices” motivating certain discussions of bio-medical enhancement in order to avoid platitudes and thus engage a more rigorous philosophical approach. I then provide a brief history of hermeneutics, which derives its names from Hermes, the messenger bridging the distance between gods and humans, that defends the importance of “finitude” as feature crucial to the (...)
     
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  38. CES 102, Section 17 October 15, 2008 Ethics of Extraterrestrial Life When the Phoenix Landed on Mars, It Opened the Possibility for Extraterrestrial Life Through the Discovery of Ice and Perchlorate, a Chemical Used as an Energy Source by Some Bacteria (Courtland). These Discoveries Have Sparked Debate Surrounding the Ethical Responsibilities Towards Extraterrestrial Life. [REVIEW]Lauren Harroff - forthcoming - Ethics.
  39.  34
    A Meta-Analysis of the Relationship Between Intrinsic Religiosity and Locus of Control.Lauren E. Coursey, Jared B. Kenworthy & Jennifer R. Jones - 2013 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 35 (3):347-368.
    The authors meta-analytically examined the relationship between intrinsic religiosity and internal locus of control. Thirty-seven independent samples, comprising 9,924 participants, yielded an average effect size of r =.06, which was small, but significant, indicating a positive correlation between intrinsic religiosity and internal locus of control. Moderation analyses showed a significant trend of effects becoming weaker over time. The judged religiousness of samples significantly predicted the strength of the correlation, such that more religious samples showed stronger effect sizes.
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  40.  74
    Are Automatic Conceptual Cores the Gold Standard of Semantic Processing? The Context‐Dependence of Spatial Meaning in Grounded Congruency Effects.Lauren A. M. Lebois, Christine D. Wilson-Mendenhall & Lawrence W. Barsalou - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (8):1764-1801.
    According to grounded cognition, words whose semantics contain sensory-motor features activate sensory-motor simulations, which, in turn, interact with spatial responses to produce grounded congruency effects. Growing evidence shows these congruency effects do not always occur, suggesting instead that the grounded features in a word's meaning do not become active automatically across contexts. Researchers sometimes use this as evidence that concepts are not grounded, further concluding that grounded information is peripheral to the amodal cores of concepts. We first review broad evidence (...)
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  41.  4
    Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Suicidal Ideation, and Suicidal Self-Directed Violence Among U.S. Military Personnel and Veterans: A Systematic Review of the Literature From 2010 to 2018.Ryan Holliday, Lauren M. Borges, Kelly A. Stearns-Yoder, Adam S. Hoffberg, Lisa A. Brenner & Lindsey L. Monteith - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  42. Pierre Gassendi-Le principe materiel, c'est-à-dire la matière première des choses/De la liberté, de la fortune, du destin et de la divination/Du principe efficient, c'est-à-dire des causes des choses.Laurens Schlicht - 2010 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 63 (1):55.
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  43. Pierre Gassendi-Du Principe Efficient, C'est-À-Dire des Causes des Choses.Laurens Schlicht - 2010 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 63 (4):55.
  44.  20
    'Race'and Its Contemporary Confusions: Towards a Re-Statement.Crain Soudien - 2013 - Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 60 (136):15-37.
  45.  3
    Coping With Changes to Sex and Intimacy After a Diagnosis of Metastatic Breast Cancer: Results From a Qualitative Investigation With Patients and Partners.Jennifer Barsky Reese, Lauren A. Zimmaro, Sarah McIlhenny, Kristen Sorice, Laura S. Porter, Alexandra K. Zaleta, Mary B. Daly, Beth Cribb & Jessica R. Gorman - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Objective:Prior research examining sexual and intimacy concerns among metastatic breast cancer patients and their intimate partners is limited. In this qualitative study, we explored MBC patients’ and partners’ experiences of sexual and intimacy-related changes and concerns, coping efforts, and information needs and intervention preferences, with a focus on identifying how the context of MBC shapes these experiences.Methods:We conducted 3 focus groups with partnered patients with MBC [N = 12; M age = 50.2; 92% White; 8% Black] and 6 interviews with (...)
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  46. Toward a Phenomenology of Mood.Lauren Freeman - 2014 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 52 (4):445-476.
    Martin Heidegger's account of attunement [Befindlichkeit] through mood [Stimmung] is unprecedented in the history of philosophy and groundbreaking vis-à-vis contemporary accounts of emotion. On his view, moods are not mere mental states that result from, arise out of, or are caused by our situation or context. Rather, moods are fundamental modes of existence that are disclosive of the way one is or finds oneself [sich befinden] in the world. Mood is one of the basic modes through which we experience the (...)
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  47. Rethinking Thinking About Thinking: Against a Pedagogical Imperative to Cultivate Metacognitive Skills.Lauren R. Alpert - 2021 - Dissertation, City College of New York (CUNY)
    In summaries of “best practices” for pedagogy, one typically encounters enthusiastic advocacy for metacognition. Some researchers assert that the body of evidence supplied by decades of education studies indicates a clear pedagogical imperative: that if one wants their students to learn well, one must implement teaching practices that cultivate students’ metacognitive skills. -/- In this dissertation, I counter that education research does not impose such a mandate upon instructors. We lack sufficient and reliable evidence from studies that use the appropriate (...)
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  48.  14
    Investigations in Universal Grammar: A Guide to Experiments on the Acquisition of Syntax and Semantics.Stephen Crain & Rosalind Thornton - 2000 - Linguistics and Philosophy 23 (5):523-532.
  49.  8
    Kelly A. Parker and Heather E. Keith, Eds. Pragmatist and American Philosophical Perspectives on Resilience.Lauren Eichler - 2020 - Environmental Philosophy 17 (2):347-351.
  50.  10
    The Long Read: On the Global Relevance of the US Elections.Fazal Rizvi, Michael A. Peters, Michalinos Zembylas, Shivali Tukdeo, Mark Mason, Lynn Mario T. M. de Souza, Wang Chengbing, Crain Soudien, Bob Lingard, Paul Tarc, Aparna Tarc, Conrad Hughes, Annette Bamberger, Lew Zipin & A. G. Rud - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-20.
    At almost every election, Americans are inclined to say that this is the most consequential election in American history. 2020 is no exception. However, what is particularly remarkable about the No...
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