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  1. Your Liberty or Your Life: Reciprocity in the Use of Restrictive Measures in Contexts of Contagion. [REVIEW]A. M. Viens, Cécile M. Bensimon & Ross E. G. Upshur - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (2):207-217.
    In this paper, we explore the role of reciprocity in the employment of restrictive measures in contexts of contagion. Reciprocity should be understood as a substantive value that governs the use, level and extent of restrictive measures. We also argue that independent of the role reciprocity plays in the legitimisation the use of restrictive measures, reciprocity can also motivate support and compliance with legitimate restrictive measures. The importance of reciprocity has implications for how restrictive measures should be undertaken when preparing (...)
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  2.  39
    The Ethical Significance of Antimicrobial Resistance.Jasper Littmann & A. M. Viens - 2015 - Public Health Ethics 8 (3):209-224.
    In this paper, we provide a state-of-the-art overview of the ethical challenges that arise in the context of antimicrobial resistance, which includes an introduction to the contributions to the symposium in this issue. We begin by discussing why AMR is a distinct ethical issue, and should not be viewed purely as a technical or medical problem. In the second section, we expand on some of these arguments and argue that AMR presents us with a broad range of ethical problems that (...)
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  3.  55
    Disadvantage, Social Justice and Paternalism.A. M. Viens - 2013 - Public Health Ethics 6 (1):28-34.
    While Powers and Faden do not consider possible anti-paternalism objections to their view, there are two variants of this objection that a social justice perspective is susceptible to. It is worth exploring which responses to such objections may be less promising than others. It is argued that for most public health measures targeting the disadvantaged, theorists and practitioners taking a social justice perspective should bite the paternalist bullet. Insofar as the government has the ability to reduce mortality and morbidity within (...)
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  4.  15
    Infection Control Measures and Debts of Gratitude.Diego S. Silva & A. M. Viens - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (4):55-57.
  5.  18
    Risk Environments and the Ethics of Reducing Drug-Related Harms.Tim Rhodes, Magdalena Harris, A. M. Viens & C. R. McGowan - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (12):46-48.
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  6.  29
    Is Antimicrobial Resistance a Slowly Emerging Disaster?A. M. Viens & Jasper Littmann - 2015 - Public Health Ethics 8 (3):255-265.
    The problem of antimicrobial resistance is so dire that people are predicting that the era of antibiotics may be coming to an end, ushering in a ‘post-antibiotic’ era. A comprehensive policy response is therefore urgently needed. A part of this response will require framing the problem in such a way that adequately reflects its nature as well as encompassing an approach that has the best prospect of success. This paper considers framing the problem as a slowly emerging disaster, including its (...)
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  7.  5
    Solidarity in Global Health Research—Are the Stakes Equal?Amrita Daftary & A. M. Viens - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (5):59-62.
    Volume 20, Issue 5, June 2020, Page 59-62.
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  8. Emergency Research Ethics.A. M. Viens (ed.) - 2013 - Ashgate.
    The essays selected for this volume focus on issues that arise when attempting to design, review and undertake research involving human participants who are experiencing a private or public emergency. The main themes discussed by the essays are: the distinctive and significant ethical questions as to how research participants can be treated during emergency settings; the ethical challenges raised by emergencies for researchers undertaking research and its effects on the nature of research pursued; and procedural obstacles raised by emergencies which (...)
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  9.  38
    Introduction to The Olivieri Symposium.A. M. Viens & Julian Savulescu - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (1):1-7.
    Adrian Viens, Guest Editor of this Olivieri symposium, and Julian Savulescu, the Editor of JME, set the scene for the symposium."In failing...[her] when she needed them most, it is now clear that some members of the University’s Faculty of Medicine heard her muffled cries of academic freedom from the back room, yet their response was to serve another round of drinks and turn the music up louder. With the bombshell revelations in the...affair, the plug may have been pulled on this (...)
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  10.  38
    Value Judgment, Harm, and Religious Liberty.A. M. Viens - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (3):241-247.
    Parents’ freedom to choose infant male circumcision is the correct policyIndividuals and groups lobbying to have infant male circumcision prohibited or restricted often argue that the practice of routinely circumcising infants is unjustified. For instance, in this issue of the journal, John Hutson argues that it is virtually impossible to justify a policy in which the medical establishment should be able to embark on a “mass circumcision” campaign of 100% of the infant male population [see page 238].1Indeed, I would be (...)
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  11.  43
    The Cambridge Textbook of Bioethics.Peter A. Singer & A. M. Viens (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Medicine and health care generate many bioethical problems and dilemmas that are of great academic, professional and public interest. This comprehensive resource is designed as a succinct yet authoritative text and reference for clinicians, bioethicists, and advanced students seeking a better understanding of ethics problems in the clinical setting. Each chapter illustrates an ethical problem that might be encountered in everyday practice; defines the concepts at issue; examines their implications from the perspectives of ethics, law and policy; and then provides (...)
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  12.  19
    Public Health, Ethical Behavior and Reciprocity.A. M. Viens - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (5):1 – 3.
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  13.  36
    Public Health and Political Theory: The Importance of Taming Individualism.A. M. Viens - 2016 - Public Health Ethics 9 (2):136-138.
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  14.  32
    The Inseparability of Religion and Politics in the Neoconservative Critique of Biotechnology.Jeffrey R. Bibbee & A. M. Viens - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):18 – 20.
  15.  17
    Interdependence, Human Rights and Global Health Law.A. M. Viens - 2015 - Health Care Analysis 23 (4):401-417.
    The connection between health and human rights continues to play a prominent role within global health law. In particular, a number of theorists rely on the claim that there is a relation of interdependence between health and human rights. The nature and extent of this relation, however, is rarely defined, developed or defended in a conceptually robust way. This paper seeks to explore the source, scope and strength of this putative relation and what role it might play in developing a (...)
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  16. Emergency Ethics.A. M. Viens & Michael Selgelid (eds.) - 2012 - Ashgate.
    Emergencies are extreme events which threaten to cause massive disruption to society and negatively affect the physical and psychological well-being of its members. They raise important practical and theoretical questions about how we should treat each other in times of "crisis". The articles selected for this volume focus on the nature and significance of emergencies; ethical issues in emergency public policy and law; war, terrorism and supreme emergencies; and public health and humanitarian emergencies. Together they demonstrate the normative implications of (...)
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  17.  12
    Reciprocity and Neuroscience in Public Health Law.A. M. Viens - 2011 - In Michael Freeman (ed.), Law and Neuroscience. Oxford University Press.
    There is an underdeveloped potential for using neuroscience as a particular input in the process of law-making. This paper examines one such instance in the area of public health law. Neuroscience could play an important role in elucidating and strengthening the relevance of the conditions underlying and re-enforcing our ability to cooperate in balancing the benefits and burdens necessary to achieve particular goods; for instance, the protection of public health in an outbreak of pandemic influenza. In particular, I shall focus (...)
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  18.  13
    Criminal Law, Philosophy and Public Health Practice.A. M. Viens, John Coggon & Anthony S. Kessel (eds.) - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    The goal of improving public health involves the use of different tools, with the law being one way to influence the activities of institutions and individuals. Of the regulatory mechanisms afforded by law to achieve this end, criminal law remains a perennial mechanism to delimit the scope of individual and group conduct. However, criminal law may promote or hinder public health goals, and its use raises a number of complex questions that merit exploration. This examination of the interface between criminal (...)
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  19.  5
    Collateral Paternalism and Liberal Critiques of Public Health Policy: Diminishing Theoretical Demandingness and Accommodating the Devil in the Detail.John Coggon & A. M. Viens - 2020 - Health Care Analysis 28 (4):372-381.
    Critical literatures, and public discourses, on public health policies and practices often present fixated concerns with paternalism. In this paper, rather than focus on the question of whether and why intended instances of paternalistic policy might be justified, we look to the wider, real-world socio-political contexts against which normative evaluations of public health must take place. We explain how evaluative critiques of public health policy and practice must be sensitive to the nuance and complexity of policy contexts. This includes sensitivity (...)
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  20.  2
    Rethinking the Central Role of Equity in the Global Governance of Pandemic Response.Oghenowede Eyawo & A. M. Viens - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (4):549-553.
    Our initial response to COVID-19 has been plagued by a series of failures—many of which have extended inequity within and across populations, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The global health governance of pandemic preparedness and response needs to move further away from the advocacy of a one-size-fits-all approach that tends to prioritize the interests of high-income countries towards a context-sensitive approach that gives equity a central role in guiding our pandemic preparedness and response strategies.
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  21.  6
    Coroners and the Obligation to Protect Public Health: The Case of the Failed UK vCJD Study.C. R. McGowan & A. M. Viens - 2011 - Public Health 125 (4):234-7.
    The Health Protection Agency has recently attempted to create a postmortem tissue archive to determine the prevalence of abnormal prion protein. The success of this archive was prevented because the Health Protection Agency could not convince coroners to support the study’s methodology and participate on that basis. The findings of this paper detail and support the view that the Coroners’ Society of England and Wales’s refusal to participate was misguided and failed to appreciate that coroners have a moral obligation to (...)
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  22.  58
    Addiction, Responsibility and Moral Psychology.A. M. Viens - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):17 – 19.
    The author comments on several articles on addiction. Recent developments in neuroscience suggest that addicted individuals have substantial impairments in the cognitive control of voluntary behavior. The author differs on the observations that addicts either act on desires that are not conducive to rational action. The author also states that addiction seems to be a prime manifestation of akrasia, in which one fails to be motivated to act in accordance with what one judges ought to be done. Accession Number: 24077920; (...)
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  23.  6
    Ethics in Anesthesiology Research Using Human Subjects.A. M. Viens - 2010 - In G. A. van Norman, S. Jackson, S. H. Rosenbaum & S. K. Palmer (eds.), Clinical Ethics in Anesthesiology. Cambridge University Press. pp. 163.
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  24.  13
    Criminal Law in the Regulation of Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer.A. M. Viens - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):73-5.
  25.  93
    Joshua Gert, Brute Rationality: Normativity and Human Action (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), Pp. XIII + 244. [REVIEW]A. M. Viens - 2008 - Utilitas 20 (2):246-248.
  26.  10
    Justifying the Initiation and Continued Provision of Public Health Interventions in Humanitarian Settings.A. M. Viens, M. J. Smith, C. M. Bensimon & D. S. Silva - 2014 - Public Health Ethics 7 (3):314-317.
    Médecins Sans Frontières is not morally required to continue providing the same therapeutic and preventative interventions for lead poisoning in Nigeria in the face of conditions that negatively impact on the achievement of their objectives. Nevertheless, Médecins Sans Frontières may have reasons to revise their objectives and adopt different interventions or methods.
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  27. Mark C. Murphy, Natural Law in Jurisprudence and Politics Reviewed By.A. M. Viens - 2007 - Philosophy in Review 27 (3):206-208.
     
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  28. Mark C. Murphy, Natural Law in Jurisprudence and Politics.A. M. Viens - 2007 - Philosophy in Review 27 (3):206.
  29.  26
    Morality Provisions in Law Concerning the Commercialization of Human Embryos and Stem Cells.A. M. Viens - 2009 - In Aurora Plomer & Paul Torremans (eds.), Embryonic Stem Cell Patents: European Patent Law and Ethics. Oxford University Press.
    The aim of establishing a consistent and unified approach in law concerning the ethics of commercializing human embryos and their derivative parts, products, or related technologies remains incomplete within the European Union. In an attempt to elucidate these problems and implications, I examine three separate moral considerations (i.e., exploitation, commodification, and objectification) that could be used to ground the putative wrongness associated with commercializing stem cells—in particular patenting these materials. It is argued that the moral justification for legal prohibitions on (...)
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  30.  2
    Neo-Liberalism, Austerity and the Political Determinants of Health.A. M. Viens - 2019 - Health Care Analysis 27 (3):147-152.
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  31.  17
    Towards a Reasons-Based Pragmatic Ethical Framework.A. M. Viens - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (4):41 – 43.
  32. The Right to Bodily Integrity.A. M. Viens (ed.) - forthcoming - Ashgate.
    The right to bodily integrity has become a notable controversial issue within moral, political and legal discourse and this right is regarded as one of the most precious rights that persons have, alongside the right to life. Recent scholarly debate has focused attention on the content, scope and force of this right and has lead to the recognition that a better understanding of the nature of this right will contribute to determining whether and why a multitude of clinical and research (...)
     
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  33.  13
    The Use of Functional Neuroimaging Technology in the Assessment of Loss and Damages in Tort Law.A. M. Viens - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (9):63-65.