Results for 'A. Meeuwisse'

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Anna Meeuwisse
Lund University
  1.  57
    Mental Ill Health, Public Health and Medicalization.A. Vilhelmsson, T. Svensson & A. Meeuwisse - 2011 - Public Health Ethics 4 (3):207-217.
    WHO suggests mental ill health in terms of depression to be the highest ranking disease problem in the developed world in 2020–2030 and claims a public health approach to be the most appropriate response. But some argue that the alarming reports on mental ill health have their ground in the methods of inquiry themselves and refer to medicalization as an important issue. The aim of this article is to explore and illuminate the issue of what is meant by mental health (...)
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  2.  9
    A Third Conception of Epistemic Injustice.A. C. Nikolaidis - 2021 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 40 (4):381-398.
    Scholars of epistemology have identified two conceptions of epistemic injustice: discriminatory epistemic injustice and distributive epistemic injustice. The former refers to wrongs to one’s capacity as a knower that are the result of identity prejudice. The latter refers to violations of one’s right to know what one is entitled to know. This essay advances a third conception, formative epistemic injustice, which refers to wrongs to one’s capacity as a knower that are the result of or result in malformation—the undue restriction (...)
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  3.  18
    Idealism: A Critical Survey. [REVIEW]A. E. M. & A. C. Ewing - 1934 - Journal of Philosophy 31 (13):352.
  4.  77
    A Commentary on Kant’s Critique of Practical Reason.A. R. C. Duncan - 1961 - Philosophical Review 70 (4):560-562.
    When this work was first published in 1960, it immediately filled a void in Kantian scholarship. It was the first study entirely devoted to Kant's _Critique of Practical Reason_ and by far the most substantial commentary on it ever written. This landmark in Western philosophical literature remains an indispensable aid to a complete understanding of Kant's philosophy for students and scholars alike. This _Critique_ is the only writing in which Kant weaves his thoughts on practical reason into a unified argument. (...)
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  5.  23
    Beauty, A Road To The Truth.Theo A. F. Kuipers - 2002 - Synthese 131 (3):291-328.
    In this article I give a naturalistic-cum-formal analysis of the relation between beauty, empirical success, and truth. The analysis is based on the one hand on a hypothetical variant of the so-called 'mere-exposure effect' which has been more or less established in experimental psychology regarding exposure-affect relationships in general and aesthetic appreciation in particular. On the other hand it is based on the formal theory of truthlikeness and truth approximation as presented in my "From Instrumentalism to Constructive Realism". The analysis (...)
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  6.  78
    Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life.A. A. Long - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    The philosophy of Epictetus, a freed slave in the Roman Empire, has been profoundly influential on Western thought: it offers not only stimulating ideas but practical guidance in living one's life. A. A. Long, a leading scholar of later ancient philosophy, gives the definitive presentation of the thought of Epictetus for a broad readership. Long's fresh and vivid translations of a selection of the best of Epictetus' discourses show that his ideas are as valuable and striking today as they were (...)
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  7.  1
    The Faith of a Heretic: Updated Edition.Walter A. Kaufmann - 2015 - Princeton University Press.
    Originally published in 1959, The Faith of a Heretic is the most personal statement of the beliefs of Nietzsche biographer and translator Walter Kaufmann. A first-rate philosopher in his own right, Kaufmann here provides the fullest account of his views on religion. Although he considered himself a heretic, he was not immune to the wellsprings and impulses from which religion originates, declaring it among the most vital and radical expressions of the human mind. Beginning with an autobiographical prologue that traces (...)
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  8.  51
    Why a Hermeneutical Philosophy of the Natural Sciences?Patrick A. Heelan - 1997 - Man and World 30 (3):271-298.
    Why a hermeneutical philosophy of the natural sciences? It is necessary to address the philosophic crisis of realism vs relativism in the natural sciences. This crisis is seen as a part of the cultural crisis that Husserl and Heidegger identified and attributed to the hegemonic role of theoretical and calculative thought in Western societies. The role of theory is addressed using the hermeneutical circle to probe the origin of theoretic meaning in scientific cultural praxes. This is studied in Galileo's discovery (...)
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  9. A Theory of Happiness.Wayne A. Davis - 1981 - American Philosophical Quarterly 18 (2):111-20.
  10.  76
    A Multidimensional Analysis of Tax Practitioners' Ethical Judgments.Cheryl A. Cruz, William E. Shafer & Jerry R. Strawser - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 24 (3):223 - 244.
    This study investigates professional tax practitioners' ethical judgments and behavioral intentions in cases involving client pressure to adopt aggressive reporting positions, an issue that has been identified as the most difficult ethical/moral problem facing public accounting practitioners. The multidimensional ethics scale (MES) was used to measure the extent to which a hypothetical behavior was consistent with five ethical philosophies (moral equity, contractualism, utilitarianism, relativism, and egoism). Responses from a sample of 67 tax professionals supported the existence of all dimensions of (...)
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  11. Solidarity: A Moral Concept in Need of Clarification (Editorial).A. Dawson & M. Verweij - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (1):1--5.
  12. A History of Science, Technology, and Philosophy in the 16th, 17th, and 18th Centuries.A. Wolf - 1935 - Thoemmes Press.
    Wolf's study represents an incredible work of scholarship. A full and detailed account of three centuries of innovation, these two volumes provide a complete portrait of the foundations of modern science and philosophy. Tracing the origins and development of the achievements of the modern age, it is the story of the birth and growth of the modern mind. A thoroughly comprehensive sourcebook, it deals with all the important developments in science and many of the innovations in the social sciences, British (...)
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  13.  12
    A Foucault Primer: Discourse, Power and the Subject.A. W. McHoul - 1993 - University of Otago Press.
    "A consistently clear, comprehensive and accessible introduction which carefully sifts Foucault's work for both its strengths and weaknesses. McHoul and Grace show an intimate familiarity with Foucault's writings and a lively, but critical engagement with the relevance of his work. A model primer." -Tony Bennett, author of Outside Literature In such seminal works as Madness and Civilization, Discipline and Punish , and The History of Sexuality , the late philosopher Michel Foucault explored what our politics, our sexuality, our societal conventions, (...)
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  14. A Sensible Antiporn Feminism.A. W. Eaton - 2007 - Ethics 117 (4):674-715.
  15.  14
    Towards a New Philosophical Imaginary.A. W. Moore, Sabina Lovibond & Pamela Sue Anderson - 2020 - Angelaki 25 (1-2):8-22.
    The paper builds on the postulate of “myths we live by,” which shape our imaginative life, but which are also open to reflective study and reinvention. It applies this principle, in particular, to the concepts of love and vulnerability. We are accustomed to think of the condition of vulnerability in an objectifying and distancing way, as something that affects the bearers of specific social identities. Against this picture, which can serve as a pretext for paternalist and controlling attitudes to the (...)
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  16.  24
    A Cross-Cultural Investigation of the Ethical Values of Consumers: The Potential Effect of War and Civil Disruption. [REVIEW]Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas, Gordon L. Patzer & Scott J. Vitell - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (4):435 - 448.
    Past research has examined the ethical judgments of consumers in the U.S., but few studies have investigated such attitudes in foreign-market settings. The current study compares ethical attitudes of consumers in two countries (Ireland and Lebanon) which share a cultural similarity of ongoing war and terrorism. The findings reveal that both cultures exhibit low sensitivity to ethical issues. Furthermore, the findings show that the Irish consumers are less sensitive to consumer ethical practices, less idealistic, more relativistic, and more Machiavellian than (...)
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  17. A Quantum Computer Only Needs One Universe.A. M. Steane - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 34 (3):469-478.
    The nature of quantum computation is discussed. It is argued that, in terms of the amount of information manipulated in a given time, quantum and classical computation are equally efficient. Quantum superposition does not permit quantum computers to ''perform many computations simultaneously'' except in a highly qualified and to some extent misleading sense. Quantum computation is therefore not well described by interpretations of quantum mechanics which invoke the concept of vast numbers of parallel universes. Rather, entanglement makes available types of (...)
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  18. A New Critique of Theological Interpretations of Physical Cosmology.A. Grünbaum - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (1):1-43.
    This paper is a sequel to my 'Theological Misinterpretations of Current Physical Cosmology' (Foundations of Physics [1996], 26 (4); revised in Philo [1998], 1 (1)). There I argued that the Big Bang models of (classical) general relativity theory, as well as the original 1948 versions of the steady state cosmology, are each logically incompatible with the time-honored theological doctrine that perpetual divine creation ('creatio continuans') is required in each of these two theorized worlds. Furthermore, I challenged the perennial theological doctrine (...)
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  19.  8
    On a Generalization of Quantifiers.A. Mostowski - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (4):365-366.
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  20.  68
    A Unified Framework for Addiction: Vulnerabilities in the Decision Process.A. David Redish, Steve Jensen & Adam Johnson - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):415-437.
    The understanding of decision-making systems has come together in recent years to form a unified theory of decision-making in the mammalian brain as arising from multiple, interacting systems (a planning system, a habit system, and a situation-recognition system). This unified decision-making system has multiple potential access points through which it can be driven to make maladaptive choices, particularly choices that entail seeking of certain drugs or behaviors. We identify 10 key vulnerabilities in the system: (1) moving away from homeostasis, (2) (...)
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  21.  13
    Mind, Self and Society. From the Standpoint of a Social Behaviorist. [REVIEW]A. E. M. - 1935 - Journal of Philosophy 32 (6):162.
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  22. A. C. Crombie Styles of Scientific Thinking in the European Tradition. [REVIEW]A. Rupert Hall - 1995 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 3 (2):409 – 419.
    Tharae history of argument and explanation especially in the mathematical and biomedical sciences and arts. 3 vols. 2456 pp., ills. Duckworth, London, 1994, £180 ISBN 0?7156?2439?3.
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  23.  15
    A Self-Regulatory Approach to Understanding Boredom Proneness.A. A. Struk, A. A. Scholer & J. Danckert - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (8).
  24.  8
    A Commentary on Plato's Timaeus.A. E. Taylor - 1928 - Garland.
  25.  11
    A Critical Exposition of the Philosophy of Leibnitz. Bertrand Russell.A. E. Taylor - 1901 - International Journal of Ethics 11 (4):521-525.
  26.  19
    On a Generalization of Quantifiers.A. Mostowski - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (2):217-217.
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  27.  29
    A Unified Framework for Addiction: Vulnerabilities in the Decision Process.Adam Johnson A. David Redish, Steve Jensen - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):415.
    The understanding of decision-making systems has come together in recent years to form a unified theory of decision-making in the mammalian brain as arising from multiple, interacting systems (a planning system, a habit system, and a situation-recognition system). This unified decision-making system has multiple potential access points through which it can be driven to make maladaptive choices, particularly choices that entail seeking of certain drugs or behaviors. We identify 10 key vulnerabilities in the system: (1) moving away from homeostasis, (2) (...)
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  28.  76
    A Formal Semantic Analysis of Gesture.A. Lascarides & M. Stone - 2009 - Journal of Semantics 26 (4):393-449.
    The gestures that speakers use in tandem with speech include not only conventionalized actions with identifiable meanings (so-called narrow gloss gestures or emblems) but also productive iconic and deictic gestures whose form and meanings seem largely improvised in context. In this paper, we bridge the descriptive tradition with formal models of reference and discourse structure so as to articulate an approach to the interpretation of these productive gestures. Our model captures gestures' partial and incomplete meanings as derived from form and (...)
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  29.  98
    Why Omissions Are Special: A. P. Simester.A. P. Simester - 1995 - Legal Theory 1 (3):311-335.
    The criminal law presently distinguishes between actions and omissions, and only rarely proscribes failures to avert consequences that it would be an offense to bring about. Why? In recent years it has been persuasively argued by both Glover and Bennett that, celeris paribus, omissions to prevent a harm are just as culpable as are actions which bring that harm about. On the other hand, and acknowledging that hitherto “lawyers have not been very successful in finding a rationale for it,” Tony (...)
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  30.  45
    Complex Argumentation in a Critical Discussion.A. F. Snoeck Henkemans - 2003 - Argumentation 17 (4):405-419.
    In this paper, it is explained that a dialogical approach to complex argumentation can be fruitful for solving two important problems concerning the analysis of the argumentation structure. First, such an approach makes it possible to clarify the distinction between coordinative and multiple argumentation structures, and to identify clues in the presentation for each of these structures. Second, a dialogical approach can provide a basis for dealing more adequately with refutations of counterarguments.
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  31.  74
    A Suggested Non-Naturalistic Analysis of Good.A. C. Ewing - 1939 - Mind 48 (189):1-22.
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  32. A Dynamic-Logical Perspective on Quantum Behavior.A. Baltag & S. Smets - 2008 - Studia Logica 89 (2):187-211.
    In this paper we show how recent concepts from Dynamic Logic, and in particular from Dynamic Epistemic logic, can be used to model and interpret quantum behavior. Our main thesis is that all the non-classical properties of quantum systems are explainable in terms of the non-classical flow of quantum information. We give a logical analysis of quantum measurements (formalized using modal operators) as triggers for quantum information flow, and we compare them with other logical operators previously used to model various (...)
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  33.  52
    Wittgenstein: A Very Short Introduction.A. C. Grayling - 1988 - Oxford University Press.
    Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) was an extraordinarily original thinker, whose influence on twentieth-century thinking far outside the bounds of philosophy alone. In this engaging Introduction, A.C. Grayling makes Wittgenstein's thought accessible to the general reader by explaining the nature and impact of Wittgenstein's views. He describes both his early and later philosophy, the differences and connections between them, and gives a fresh assessment of Wittgenstein's continuing influence on contemporary thought.
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  34. Toward a Feminist Theory of the State.Catharine A. Mackinnon - 1991 - Law and Philosophy 10 (4):447-452.
     
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  35.  13
    A Moral Experience Feedback Loop: Modeling a System of Moral Self-Cultivation in Everyday Life.Stephen A. Sherblom - 2015 - Journal of Moral Education 44 (3):364-381.
    This systems thinking model illustrates a common feedback loop by which people engage the moral world and continually reshape their moral sensibility. The model highlights seven processes that collectively form this feedback loop: beginning with one’s current moral sensibility which shapes processes of perception, deliberation, decision-making, embodying action, reflection on self-evaluation and other’s responses, and consolidation into one’s moral sensibility of the lessons learned. Improvements on previous models of moral engagement include recognizing moral sensibility as the grounding for moral engagement, (...)
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  36.  63
    A Connection Based Approach to Common-Sense Topological Description and Reasoning.A. G. Cohn - 1996 - The Monist 79 (1):51-75.
    This paper describes the topological aspect of a logic-based, artificial intelligence approach to formalising the qualitative description of spatial properties and relations, and reasoning about those properties and relations. This approach, known as RCC theory, has been under development for several years at the University of Leeds. The main rationale for this project is that qualitative descriptions of spatial properties and relationships, and qualitative spatial reasoning, are of fundamental importance in human thinking about the world: even where quantitative spatial data (...)
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  37. A Graph-Theoretic Account of Logics.A. Sernadas, C. Sernadas, J. Rasga & Marcelo E. Coniglio - 2009 - Journal of Logic and Computation 19 (6):1281-1320.
    A graph-theoretic account of logics is explored based on the general notion of m-graph (that is, a graph where each edge can have a finite sequence of nodes as source). Signatures, interpretation structures and deduction systems are seen as m-graphs. After defining a category freely generated by a m-graph, formulas and expressions in general can be seen as morphisms. Moreover, derivations involving rule instantiation are also morphisms. Soundness and completeness theorems are proved. As a consequence of the generality of the (...)
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  38.  69
    A Measure of Inferential-Role Preservation.A. Paseau - 2019 - Synthese 196 (7):2621-2642.
    The point of formalisation is to model various aspects of natural language. Perhaps the main use to which formalisation is put is to model and explain inferential relations between different sentences. Judged solely by this objective, a formalisation is successful in modelling the inferential network of natural language sentences to the extent that it mirrors this network. There is surprisingly little literature on the criteria of good formalisation, and even less on the question of what it is for a formalisation (...)
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  39.  35
    Toward a Coherent Account of Pediatric Decision Making.A. S. Iltis - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (5):526-552.
    Within and among societies, there are competing understandings of the status of children, including debates over whether they can bear rights and, if so, which rights they bear and against whom, and their capacity to make decisions and be held responsible and accountable for actions. There also are different understandings of what constitutes a family; what authority parents have over and regarding their children; and what should happen to children who are without parents because of death, desertion, or imprisonment. These (...)
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  40.  24
    The Emotions: Outline of a Theory. [REVIEW]H. A. L. - 1949 - Journal of Philosophy 46 (17):566-567.
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  41.  17
    A History of Sociology in Britain: Science, Literature, and Society.A. H. Halsey - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the first-ever critical history of sociology in Britain, written by one of the world's leading scholars in the field. A. H. Halsey presents a vivid and authoritative picture of the neglect, expansion, fragmentation, and explosion of the discipline during the past century. The book examines the literary and scientific contributions to the origin of the discipline, and the challenges faced by the discipline at the dawn of a new century.
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  42.  1
    Principles for a Free Society: Reconciling Individual Liberty with the Common Good.Richard A. Epstein - 1998 - Perseus Books.
    Defends the principle of limited government, describes the few restraints necessary to provide a moral foundation for society, and discusses the use of norms and customs, competition versus monopoly, and assistance to the poor.
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  43.  10
    A Study of History.A. Z. & Arnold J. Toynbee - 1935 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 55 (6):95.
  44.  43
    A Concordance to Euripides. By J. T. Allen and G. Italie. Pp. Xi + 686. Berkeley & Los Angeles: California University Press , 1954. £3 15s. [REVIEW]G. A. Longman - 1956 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 76:114-115.
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  45.  8
    A Probabilistic Clustering Theory of the Organization of Visual Short-Term Memory.A. Emin Orhan & Robert A. Jacobs - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (2):297-328.
  46.  38
    A Theory of Justice: Revised Edition.A. J. Walsh - 2001 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (3):447.
    Book Information A Theory of Justice: Revised Edition. By John Rawls. Oxford University Press. Oxford. 1999. Pp. xxii + 538. Hardback, £25.00. Paperback, £12.99.
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  47.  32
    A Philosophical Framework for Case Studies.Rogene A. Buchholz & Sandra B. Rosenthal - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 29 (1-2):25 - 31.
    People who teach business ethics seem locked between two general approaches: an applied philosophy approach that emphasizes the application of abstract ethical theories and principles to specific cases, and the case method approach that leaves the students without any more general theoretical framework with which to approach ethical issues. Classical American Pragmatism, understood as a school of philosophical thought, links these two approaches by providing a new grounding for moral theory in which moral rules are understood as working hypotheses abstracted (...)
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  48.  10
    A Multifocal and Integrative View of the Influencers of Ethical Attitudes Using Qualitative Configurational Analysis.Nicole A. Celestine, Catherine Leighton & Chris Perryer - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 162 (1):103-122.
    Ethical attitudes and behaviour are complex. This complexity extends to the influencers operating at different levels both outside and within the organisation, and in different combinations for different individuals. There is hence a growing need to understand the proximal and distal influencers of ethical attitudes, and how these operate in concert at the individual, organisational, and societal levels. Few studies have attempted to combine these main research streams and systematically examine their combined impact. The minority of studies that have taken (...)
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  49.  20
    A Note on Positive Equivalence Relations.A. H. Lachlan - 1987 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 33 (1):43-46.
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  50.  51
    A New Look at Personal Identity.A. Hamilton - 1995 - Philosophical Quarterly 45 (180):332-349.
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