Results for 'A. Nineteenth-Century Discourse'

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  1. A Functional Past. The Uses of History in Nineteenth-Century Chile. By Allen Woll. [REVIEW]W. A. W. A. - 1983 - History and Theory 22 (1):104.
     
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  2.  11
    More Nineteenth Century Studies. [REVIEW]C. P. A. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 10 (4):726-726.
    A sequel to Nineteenth Century Studies, this book is a series of well-documented studies of several Victorian religious liberals--among them Tennyson, John Morley, and Francis Newman. Willey's theme is the religious disillusionment suffered by Victorian intellectuals; he sees as its cause the application of the techniques of historical scholarship to religion. Since the book is largely biographical, there is little consideration of the issues involved on their own accounts; but as a gallery of intellectual portraits, it is first-rate--sympathetic, sensitive, perceptive.--A. (...)
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    In 1998, I Spent Three Months in Tunisia Studying Arabic and Taking a Much-Needed Holiday From My Ph. D. Studies. An Australian Woman of Mixed Heritage (Including Cherokee Indian), My Multilingualism, Physical Smallness, Black Hair and Eyes, and Yellow-Toned Skin Allow Me to Blend in, or at Least to Defy Categorisation, in a Range of Cultures. As a Woman Travel-Ling Alone in That Region, I Attracted an Inordinate Amount of Attention but Was Also, Perhaps Due to My Liminal Status as an Anomaly, Privy to Some Insightful Confessions and Revelations From Tunisians and Algerians I Met There. [REVIEW]A. Nineteenth-Century Discourse & That Haunts Contemporary Tourism - 2009 - In Olga Gershenson Barbara Penner (ed.), Ladies and Gents.
  4.  19
    Movements of Thought in the Nineteenth Century. [REVIEW]E. M. A. - 1936 - Journal of Philosophy 33 (14):384-386.
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  5.  27
    Integrating Music Into Intellectual History: Nineteenth-Century Art Music as a Discourse of Agency and Identity: John E. Toews.John E. Toews - 2008 - Modern Intellectual History 5 (2):309-331.
    Few intellectual historians of nineteenth-century Europe would deny that the tradition of art music that evolved between the revolutionary watershed at the end of the eighteenth century and the international wars and domestic convulsions of the first half of the twentieth century—a body of musical works from Haydn and Mozart to Mahler and Strauss that has been passed down to us in canonized form as the “imaginary museum” of “classical music” —was an enormously significant dimension of European cultural and (...)
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  6. Women's Voices in Nineteenth-Century Medical Discourse: A Step Toward Deconstructing Science.N. Theriot - forthcoming - History and Theory: Feminist Research, Debates, Contestations.
     
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  7.  19
    Liberalism and Empire in a Nineteenth-Century Algerian Mirror.Jennifer Pitts - 2009 - Modern Intellectual History 6 (2):287-313.
    Le Miroir , published in Paris in 1833 by Hamdan ben Othman Khodja , was the first Algerian contribution to French public deliberation about France's emerging empire in North Africa. A work of a self-consciously liberal cosmopolitan, and modernizing, perspective, the Miroir was almost alone in French debates in making a principled argument for a complete French withdrawal from Algeria—what Khodja called a “liberal emancipation” of the country. The Miroir argued for an independent Algeria that might take its place in (...)
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  8.  32
    A Union of Christianity, Humanity, and Philanthropy: The Christian Tradition and the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in Nineteenth-Century England.Chien-hui Li - 2000 - Society and Animals 8 (1):265-285.
    This paper offers an historical perspective to the discussion of the relationship between Christianity and nonhuman-human animal relationships by examining the animal protection movement in English society as it first took root in the nineteenth century. The paper argues that the Christian beliefs of many in the movement, especially the evangelical outlook of their faith, in a considerable way affected the character as well as the aims and scope of the emergent British animal welfare movement - although the church authorities (...)
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  9.  11
    Towards a Dialogue of Sustainable Agriculture and End-Times Theology in the United States: Insights From the Historical Ecology of Nineteenth Century Millennial Communes.Chelsea Fisher - 2018 - Agriculture and Human Values 35 (4):791-807.
    Almost one-third of all U.S. Americans believe that Jesus Christ will return to Earth in the next 40 years, thereby signaling the end of the world. The prevalence of this end-times theology has meant that sustainability initiatives are often met with indifference, resistance, or even hostility from a significant portion of the American population. One of the ways that the scientific community can respond to this is by making scientific discourse, particularly as related to sustainability, more palatable to end-times (...)
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  10.  14
    The Politics of Time: Zeitgeist in Early Nineteenth-Century Political Discourse.Theo Jung - 2014 - Contributions to the History of Concepts 9 (1):24-49.
    This article traces the uses of zeitgeist in early nineteenth-century European political discourse. To explain the concept's explosive takeoff in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, two perspectives are combined. On the one hand, the concept is shown to be a key element in the new, “temporalized” discourses of cultural reflection emerging during this time. On the other, its pragmatic value as a linguistic tool in concrete political constellations is outlined on the basis of case studies from (...)
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    Trauma in Court: Medico-Legal Dialectics in the Late Nineteenth-Century German Discourse on Nervous Injuries.José Brunner - 2003 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 4 (2).
    This paper discusses a dialectic whereby the law not only influenced medical thinking in late nineteenth-century Germany, but also underwent medicalization of its own initiative. At the end of the 1880s, social legislation was crucial in initiating the German discourse on traumatic nervous disorders. By employing doctors as medical experts in court, the law also created a new experiential realm for doctors, altering their behavior toward patients and shifting their focus from therapy to investigation. However, in the wake (...)
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  12.  48
    The Discourse of Freedom, Rights and Good in Nineteenth-Century English Liberalism.D. Weinstein - 1991 - Utilitas 3 (2):245.
    For both its enthusiastic adherents as well as its more generous opponents, liberalism commands considerable ethical appeal but at a price. And that price is its lack of systematic integrity or coherence. The charm of its ethical appeal stems from the great values which it celebrates. But for many these very values seem fatally incommensurable, seem to be forever colliding with and thwarting one another. As Isaiah Berlin has never tired of reminding us, liberty and equality continue to defy our (...)
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  13.  9
    Book Reviews : Shamita Basu, Religious Revivalism as Nation Alist Discourse: Swami Vivekananda and New Hinduism in Nineteenth Century Bengal. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2002, 213 Pp. Rs 525. [REVIEW]V. A. Van Bijlert - 2002 - Journal of Human Values 8 (2):167-173.
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  14.  30
    More Nineteenth Century Studies: A Group of Honest Doubters.BASIL WILLEY - 1956 - Cambridge University Press.
    CHAPTER I FRANCIS W. NEWMAN (i 805-1 897) I. Phases of Faith IN the history of nineteenth century English thought there is no story more striking, ...
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  15.  89
    The Making of British Socialism by Mark Bevir, And: Karl Marx: A Nineteenth-Century Lifeby Jonathan Sperber (Review).Mark Allison - 2014 - Utopian Studies 25 (1):221-226.
    In the twenty-four years since the dismantling of the Berlin Wall, a body of high-quality scholarship on socialism has slowly accumulated. Here I discuss two superb additions to this incipient post–Cold War canon, Mark Bevir’s The Making of British Socialism and Jonathan Sperber’s Karl Marx: A Nineteenth Century Life. Both authors take it as axiomatic that the socialist utopia, with its quasi-eschatological promise of complete human emancipation, is an idea whose time has passed. But Bevir and, to a lesser degree, (...)
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  16.  23
    Disciplinary Power and the Role of the Subject at a Nineteenth-Century Danish Asylum.Bjørn Hamre - 2010 - PhaenEx 5 (2):1-27.
    This article reports on the ways in which psychiatric practice and power were constituted in a Danish asylum at the beginning of the nineteenth century. The point of departure will be a complaint by a former patient questioning the practice at the asylum in 1829. In an analysis of this narrative the study draws upon Foucauldian concepts like disciplinary power, confession, pastoral power and subjectivation. I will argue that the critique of the patient provides us with an example of the (...)
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  17.  6
    Different Conversations About the Same Thing? Source Materials in the Recreation of a Nineteenth-Century Slave-Raiding Landscape, Northern Ghana.Natalie Swanepoel - 2011 - In Slavery in Africa: Archaeology and Memory. pp. 167.
    This chapter examines the slave trade in north-western Ghana during the final decades of the nineteenth century and, more specifically, the history and archaeology of the defensive site of Yalingbong occupied by the community of Kpan/Dolbizan during a time known as the ‘Babatunik Wars’, when the Zaberma leader, Babatu, and his band of raiders waged war upon the region. Here, the documents produced by the colonial officers in the final years of the nineteenth century, and the traditions preserved in the (...)
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  18. A Nineteenth Century Teacher: John Henry Bridges.Susan Liveing - 2007 - Routledge.
    Originally published in 1926 and whilst not a biography in the strictest sense, this volume presents John Bridges’ life and character against the social and political background of the nineteenth century as well as examining his legacy for current generations.
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  19. Historical Roots of Cognitive Science: The Rise of a Cognitive Theory of Perception From Antiquity to the Nineteenth Century. Theo C. Meyering.Gary Hatfield - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (4):662-666.
    Review of THEO C. MEYERING, Historical Roots of Cognitive Science : The Rise of a Cognitive Theory of Perception from Antiquity to the Nineteenth Century. Boston: Kluwer, xix + 250 pp. $69.00. Examines the author's interpretation of Aristotelian theories of perceptual cognition, early modern theories, and Helmholtz's theory.
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  20.  37
    Suppressing Synonymy with a Homonym: The Emergence of the Nomenclatural Type Concept in Nineteenth Century Natural History.Joeri Witteveen - 2016 - Journal of the History of Biology 49 (1):135-189.
    ‘Type’ in biology is a polysemous term. In a landmark article, Paul Farber (Journal of the History of Biology 9(1): 93–119, 1976) argued that this deceptively plain term had acquired three different meanings in early nineteenth century natural history alone. ‘Type’ was used in relation to three distinct type concepts, each of them associated with a different set of practices. Important as Farber’s analysis has been for the historiography of natural history, his account conceals an important dimension of early nineteenth (...)
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  21.  26
    A History of Optics From Greek Antiquity to the Nineteenth Century.Olivier Darrigol - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    This book is a long-term history of optics, from early Greek theories of vision to the nineteenth-century victory of the wave theory of light. It is a clear and richly illustrated synthesis of a large amount of literature, and a reliable and efficient guide for anyone who wishes to enter this domain.
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  22.  53
    A History of Natural Philosophy: From the Ancient World to the Nineteenth Century.Edward Grant - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Natural philosophy encompassed all natural phenomena of the physical world. It sought to discover the physical causes of all natural effects and was little concerned with mathematics. By contrast, the exact mathematical sciences were narrowly confined to various computations that did not involve physical causes, functioning totally independently of natural philosophy. Although this began slowly to change in the late Middle Ages, a much more thoroughgoing union of natural philosophy and mathematics occurred in the seventeenth century and thereby made the (...)
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  23.  49
    From Euler to Navier–Stokes: A Spatial Analysis of Conceptual Changes in Nineteenth-Century Fluid Dynamics.Graciana Petersen & Frank Zenker - 2014 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (3):235-253.
    This article provides a spatial analysis of the conceptual framework of fluid dynamics during the nineteenth century, focusing on the transition from the Euler equation to the Navier–Stokes equation. A dynamic version of Peter Gärdenfors's theory of conceptual spaces is applied which distinguishes changes of five types: addition and deletion of special laws; change of metric; change in importance; change in separability; addition and deletion of dimensions. The case instantiates all types but the deletion of dimensions. We also provide a (...)
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  24. Beşir Fuad and His Opponents: The Form of a Debate Over Literature and Truth in Nineteenth-Century Istanbul.Mehmet Karabela - 2011 - Journal of Turkish Literature 8 (1):96-106.
    One and a half months after Victor Hugo died in 1885, Beşir Fuad published a biography of him, in which Fuad defended Emile Zola’s naturalism and realism against Hugo’s romanticism. This resulted in the most important dispute in nineteenth-century Turkish literary history, the hakikiyyûn and hayâliyyûn debate, with the former represented by Beşir Fuad and the latter represented by Menemenlizâde Mehmet Tahir. This article focuses on the form of this debate rather than its content, and this focus reveals how (...)
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  25.  53
    Was There a Bacteriological Revolution in Late Nineteenth-Century Medicine?Michael Worboys - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38 (1):20-42.
    That there was a ‘Bacteriological Revolution’ in medicine in the late nineteenth-century, associated with the development of germ theories of disease, is widely assumed by historians; however, the notion has not been defined, discussed or defended. In this article a characterisation is offered in terms of four linked rapid and radical changes: a series of discoveries of the specific causal agents of infectious diseases and the introduction of Koch’s Postulates; a reductionist and contagionist turn in medical knowledge and practice; (...)
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  26.  15
    Stratigraphy in the Early Nineteenth Century: A Transdisciplinary Approach, with Special Reference to Central Europe.Claudia Schweizer - 2008 - Annals of Science 65 (2):257-274.
    Summary The development of stratigraphy started with the work of the Danish scientist Nicolaus Steno (1638?1696), who ascribed the formation of strata to the gradual deposition of sediment in the sea. In the course of the eighteenth century, his work was complemented by the independent observations of various European scientists, who recorded deposits of fossilized plants and animals in sedimentary strata. Late in the eighteenth century, William Smith (1769?1839) discovered the specificity of fossil deposits in successive strata, an observation that (...)
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  27.  11
    ‘The Emergency Which has Arrived’: The Problematic History of Nineteenth-Century British Algebra – a Programmatic Outline.Menachem Fisch - 1994 - British Journal for the History of Science 27 (3):247-276.
    More than any other aspect of the Second Scientific Revolution, the remarkable revitalization or British mathematics and mathematical physics during the first half of the nineteenth century is perhaps the most deserving of the name. While the newly constituted sciences of biology and geology were undergoing their first revolution, as it were, the reform of British mathematics was truly and self-consciously the story of a second coming of age. ‘Discovered by Fermat, cocinnated and rendered analytical by Newton, and enriched by (...)
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  28.  10
    Program for a New Catholic Wissenschaft: Devotional Activism and Catholic Modernity in the Nineteenth Century.Richard Schaefer - 2007 - Modern Intellectual History 4 (3):433-462.
    This article seeks to establish a new perspective for understanding Catholic intellectual history in the German territories during the mid-nineteenth century. By analyzing scholars' efforts to revamp in the context of a broader revival movement, it reveals how both and engaged in a form of devotional activism which made Catholicism the measure of social action and scholarly practice alike. Important differences notwithstanding, scholars of all stripes saw their task as transforming Catholicism into a relevant tool for meeting the needs of (...)
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  29.  22
    Literature, Music, and Science in Nineteenth Century Russian Culture: Prince Odoyevskiy’s Quest for a Natural Enharmonic Scale.Dimitri Bayuk - 2002 - Science in Context 15 (2):183-207.
    Known today mostly as an author of Romantic short stories and fairy tales for children, Prince Vladimir Odoyevskiy was a distinguished thinker of his time, philosopher and bibliophile. The scope of his interests includes also history of magic arts and alchemy, German Romanticism, Church music. An attempt to understand the peculiarity of eight specific modes used in chants of Russian Orthodox Church led him to his own musical theory based upon well-known writings by Zarlino, Leibniz, Euler, Prony. He realized his (...)
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  30.  16
    Mid-Nineteenth-Century American Astronomy: Science in a Developing Nation.Norriss S. Hetherington - 1983 - Annals of Science 40 (1):61-80.
    Many mid-nineteenth-century American astronomers who added little or nothing to the advancement of knowledge nevertheless merit attention for their efforts to advance science in a developing nation. They wrote needed textbooks, developed scientific exchanges, and attempted, not always with lasting success, to establish scientific institutions. O. M. Mitchel's trials with the Cincinnati Observatory and his journal The Sidereal Messenger are more sympathetically understood in the context of science in a developing nation than as scientific research. The theme of science (...)
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  31.  37
    How to Make Oneself Nature's Spokesman? A Latourian Account of Classification in Eighteenth- and Early Nineteenth-Century Natural History.Dirk Stemerding - 1993 - Biology and Philosophy 8 (2):193-223.
    Classification in eighteenth-century natural history was marked by a battle of systems. The Linnaean approach to classification was severely criticized by those naturalists who aspired to a truly natural system. But how to make oneself nature''s spokesman? In this article I seek to answer that question using the approach of the French anthropologist of science Bruno Latour in a discussion of the work of the French naturalists Buffon and Cuvier in the eighteenth and early nineteenth century. These naturalists followed very (...)
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  32.  14
    Technology in Decline: A Search for Useful Concepts: The Case of the Dutch Madder Industry in the Nineteenth Century.Anthony Travis, Willem Hornix, Robert Bud & Johan Schot - 1992 - British Journal for the History of Science 25 (1):5-26.
    Until late in the nineteenth century, madder was the most popular natural red dye. Holland was the largest and best-known supplier. As early as the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the province of Zeeland and adjoining parts of the provinces of South Holland and Brabant developed into important producers. In the course of the seventeenth century these areas even succeeded in acquiring a monopoly position. Early in the nineteenth century, however, this position came under attack because France had gone over to (...)
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  33.  39
    A Note on Nineteenth-Century Philosophy Today.Maurice Mandelbaum - 1981 - The Monist 64 (2):133-137.
    The past which the present acknowledges tends to be deceptively simple. Attention is most frequently paid to those of its aspects which appear to have anticipated the present, or to those which contrast with what the present takes to be most uniquely its own. Consequently, the past in which the present takes an interest tends to change, and it is unlikely that successive generations will assign equal significance to precisely the same aspects of what occurred in the past. This need (...)
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  34.  41
    Book Review of "The Kantian Legacy in Nineteenth-Century Science" by M. Friedman and A. Nordmann. [REVIEW]Valia Allori - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (3):pp. 478-479.
    Book review of "The Kantian legacy in the Nineteenth -Century Science,'' M. Friedman, and A. Nordmann.
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  35.  5
    Cleveland Abbe and a View of Science in Mid-Nineteenth-Century America.Norriss S. Hetherington - 1976 - Annals of Science 33 (1):31-49.
    By the middle of the nineteenth century science was developing into a profession demanding advanced training and devotion to research. American institutions, however, were still better suited to an earlier stage of popular science. Many of the difficulties and frustrations for would-be scientists created by the time lag in institutional change are illustrated in the career of Cleveland Abbe. In the fifteen years between 1856 and 1871 his attempts to become an astronomer touched upon many significant aspects of American science (...)
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  36.  6
    Deciding Against Conciliation: The Nineteenth-Century Rejection of a European Transplant and the Rise of a Distinctively American Ideal of Adversarial Adjudication.Amalia D. Kessler - 2009 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 10 (2):423-483.
    A sizeable body of literature suggests that informal methods of dispute resolution — and, in particular, conciliation — flourish only in societies marked by extensive social hierarchy. Given this literature, it is quite surprising to discover that in the mid-nineteenth century, the United States embarked on an extensive debate regarding whether to adopt "conciliation courts," whose primary function was to reconcile the disputants by persuading them to embrace an equitable compromise. First created by the French Revolutionaries in 1790, conciliation courts (...)
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  37.  23
    Scottish Common Sense and Nineteenth-Century American Law: A Critical Appraisal.John Mikhail - manuscript
    In her insightful and stimulating article, The Mind of a Moral Agent, Professor Susanna Blumenthal traces the influence of Scottish Common Sense philosophy on early American law. Among other things, Blumenthal argues that the basic model of moral agency upon which early American jurists relied, which drew heavily from Common Sense philosophers like Thomas Reid, generated certain paradoxical conclusions about legal responsibility that later generations were forced to confront. "Having cast their lot with the Common Sense philosophers in the "formative (...)
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  38.  8
    Civil Status and Identification in Nineteenth-Century France: A Matter of State Control?Paul-André Rosental - 2012 - In Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History. pp. 137.
    Civil status, and particularly birth certificates, rather than identity papers, are the legal basis of identification in France. Its nineteenth-century history presents a complex picture, which cannot be reduced to a process of increasing state control. Far from implementing ambitious registration projects, French liberal administration left information scattered and scarce as compared to European standards. It had to find a balance between the need to provide open information in order to minimize uncertainty in social and economic relationships, and the (...)
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  39.  12
    On the Difficulty of Being a National Liberal in Nineteenth-Century Finland.Jussi Kurunmäki - 2013 - Contributions to the History of Concepts 8 (2):83-95.
    This article examines the ways in which the Finnish liberals described themselves as national liberals and how they were labeled by their opponents as supporters of foreign doctrines and cosmopolitanism in the late nineteenth century. It will be shown that the rhetoric of liberalism was entangled in an inflamed issue between the advocates of Finnish and Swedish languages in Finland. Ultimately, this contest dealt with the concept of nation. Furthermore, the article discusses the uses of other countries' political life as (...)
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  40.  15
    Philosophy and Biblical Interpretation: A Study in Nineteenth-Century Conflict.Peter Addinall - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
    This study explores the nature of the conflict between science and religion. It shows through a detailed examination of this conflict as it was manifested in nineteenth century Britain that it is a fallacy that religion and science can co-exist in mutual harmony, since the legacy of their conflict in the past century has been inherited by this century, greatly to the detriment of religious belief. It is the author's contention that a return to the essentials of Kant's critical philosophy (...)
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  41. Nietzsche's Naturalist Deconstruction of Truth: A World Fragmented in Late Nineteenth-Century Epistemology.Peter Bornedal - 2020 - Lexington Books.
    This book presents a new interpretation of Nietzsche’s discussions of truth and knowledge, covering the period from his early essay “On Truth and Lies” to his late notebooks. It views these discussions in the context of the neo-Kantian, Naturalist, Positivist, and Pragmatic schools influential in Nietzsche’s late nineteenth-century Europe.
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  42. A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past.Margarita Diaz-Andreu - 2007 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Margarita Diaz-Andreu offers an innovative history of archaeology during the nineteenth century, encompassing all its fields from the origins of humanity to the medieval period, and all areas of the world. The development of archaeology is placed within the framework of contemporary political events, with a particular focus upon the ideologies of nationalism and imperialism. Diaz-Andreu examines a wide range of issues, including the creation of institutions, the conversion of the study of antiquities into a profession, public memory, changes in (...)
     
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  43. The Unknowable: A Study in Nineteenth-Century British Metaphysics.W. J. Mander - 2020 - Oxford University Press.
    W. J. Mander presents a history of metaphysics in nineteenth-century Britain. He traces the story of the development and interplay of three great schools of thought, the agnostics, the empiricists, and the idealists, and their different responses to the idea of an ultimate but unknowable way that things really are in themselves.
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  44. Sir John F. W. Herschel and Charles Darwin: Nineteenth-Century Science and Its Methodology.Charles H. Pence - 2018 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 8 (1):108-140.
    There are a bewildering variety of claims connecting Darwin to nineteenth-century philosophy of science—including to Herschel, Whewell, Lyell, German Romanticism, Comte, and others. I argue here that Herschel’s influence on Darwin is undeniable. The form of this influence, however, is often misunderstood. Darwin was not merely taking the concept of “analogy” from Herschel, nor was he combining such an analogy with a consilience as argued for by Whewell. On the contrary, Darwin’s Origin is written in precisely the manner that (...)
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  45.  10
    ‘The Apostle of Free Trade:’ Adam Smith and the Nineteenth-Century American Trade Debates.Glory M. Liu - 2018 - History of European Ideas 44 (2):210-223.
    ABSTRACTThis paper examines the diversity of uses of Adam Smith’s ideas in nineteenth-century American debates about the tariff. Legislative debates about American trade policy ran almost uninterrupted from the 1820s to the end of the century; as a result, they provide an abundance of examples of the ways in which legislators marshaled economic ideas to shape political discourse and influence policy. Smith’s causal ideas about free trade and its effects were referenced in policymaking, and Smith’s intellectual authority was (...)
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  46.  52
    'It's a Long Way From "Amphioxus"' Anton Dohrn and Late Nineteenth Century Debates About Vertebrate Origins.Jane Maienschein - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (3):465 - 478.
    Anton Dohrn rejected the popular Amphioxus-ascidian theory of vertebrate origin, which saw Amphioxus as the most primitive vertebrate and ascidians as vertebrate ancestors. Instead he argued for the segmented annelids as the more likely candidate. Attacked for being 'unscientific' by such popular morphologists as Carl Gegenbaur and Ernst Haeckel, Dohrn countered with similar accusations. Since the debate peaked as Dohrn was establishing his Stazione Zoologica in Naples at the end of the nineteenth century, it gained him valuable attention and may (...)
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  47.  18
    Gender and the Public Sphere: Alternative Forms of Integration in Nineteenth-Century America.Eyal Rabinovitch - 2001 - Sociological Theory 19 (3):344-370.
    This paper intends to evaluate two competing models of multicultural integration in stratified societies: the "multiple publics" model of Nancy Fraser and the "fragmented public sphere" model of Jeffrey Alexander. Fraser and Alexander disagree on whether or not claims to a general "common good" or "common humanity" are democratically legitimate in light of systemic inequality. Fraser rejects the idea that cultural integration can be democratic in conditions of social inequality, while Alexander accepts it and tries to explain how it may (...)
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  48.  5
    Music, Criticism, and the Challenge of History: Shaping Modern Musical Thought in Late Nineteenth-Century Vienna.Kevin Karnes - 2008 - Oup Usa.
    More than a century after Guido Adler's appointment to the first chair in musicology at the University of Vienna, Music, Criticism, and the Challenge of History provides a first look at the discipline in this earliest period, and at the ideological dilemmas and methodological anxieties that characterized it upon its institutionalization. Author Kevin Karnes contends that some of the most vital questions surrounding musicology's disciplinary identities today-the relationship between musicology and criticism, the role of the subject in analysis and the (...)
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  49.  14
    Makers of Modern Indian Religion in the Late Nineteenth Century.Torkel Brekke - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    This is a book about religious transformation in South Asia in the nineteenth century, perhaps the most important period of religious change in the history of the region. By looking at some outstanding individuals from different religions the book sheds light on the questions that lie at the heart of later nationalist discourse, questions like: Who is a Hindu? Who is a Buddhist? What is the relationship between the religious communities of South Asia?
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    Dedicated Spirits: Religious Mediators and Romantic Ideas in the Late Nineteenth Century.Amy Kittelstrom - 2004 - The European Legacy 9 (1):31-42.
    This article reconstructs a transatlantic community of discourse that used Romantic ideas to mediate between science and religion in order to create a framework for modern belief. The pragmatist William James, Scottish freelance intellectual Thomas Davidson, and ethical culturalist William Mackintire Salter in the United States, and the psychic researcher Frederic Myers and self?published philosopher Shadworth Hollway Hodgson in England inherited a supreme concept of immanence from Romanticism, which they brought to their fight against dogmatism in religion and materialism (...)
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