Results for 'A. Riss'

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  1. Racial Profiling: A Reply to Two Critics.Mathias Risse - 2007 - Criminal Justice Ethics 26 (1):4-19.
  2.  23
    Critical Notice of Aaron James, Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy.Mathias Risse & Gabriel Wollner - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (3):382-401.
    Nobody has offered such a comprehensive philosophical approach to trade. Nonetheless, James's approach does not succeed. First, we explore James's constructivist method, which does less work than he suggests. The second topic is James's take on the different ‘grounds’ of justice. We explore the shortcomings of approaches that focus exclusively on trade. Our third topic is why James thinks trade is such a ground. The fourth topic is how James argues for his proposed ‘structural equity.’ This proposal remains under-argued. Our (...)
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  3. Risse and Zeckhauser on Racial Profiling: A Reply: Reginald Williams.Reginald Williams - 2010 - Utilitas 22 (2):228-231.
    This article criticizes Mathias Risse and Richard Zeckhauser's recent utilitarian defense of racial profiling. I use a novel thought-experiment to argue that even if a negative phenomenon could be reduced by profiling members of certain groups who happen to be disproportionately associated with it, the practice can be implausible. Specifically, I explore the possibility that in a given society, platinum blondes have a higher per capita incidence of a serious sexually transmitted disease, D. And I argue that doctors and health (...)
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  4. The Right to Relocation: Disappearing Island Nations and Common Ownership of the Earth.Mathias Risse - 2009 - Ethics and International Affairs 23 (3):281-300.
    Risse is concerned with humanity's common ownership of the earth, which has implications for a range of global problems. In particular, it helps illuminate the moral claims to international aid of small island nations whose existence is threatened by global climate change--such as Kiribati.
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  5.  12
    Mathias Risse and Gabriel Wollner: On Trade Justice: A Philosophical Plea for a New Global Deal.Benjamin Ferguson - 2021 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24 (4):1069-1071.
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  6.  96
    Common Ownership of the Earth as a Non-Parochial Standpoint: A Contingent Derivation of Human Rights.Mathias Risse - 2009 - European Journal of Philosophy 17 (2):277-304.
  7.  35
    Three Images of Trade: On the Place of Trade in a Theory of Global Justice.Gabriel Wollner & Mathias Risse - 2014 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 1 (2):201-225.
    Economic theory teaches that it is in every country’s interest to trade. Trade is a voluntary activity among consenting parties. On this view, considerations of justice have little bearing on trade, and political philosophers concerned with global justice should stay largely silent on trade. According to a very different view that has recently gained prominence, international trade can only occur before the background of an international market reliance practice shaped by states. Trade is a shared activity among states, and all (...)
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  8. Why Racial Profiling Is Hard to Justify: A Response to Risse and Zeckhauser.Annabelle Lever - 2005 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 33 (1):94-110.
    In their article, “Racial Profiling,” Risse and Zeckhauser offer a qualified defense of racial profiling in a racist society, such as the contemporary United States of America. It is a qualified defense, because they wish to distinguish racial profiling as it is, and as it might be, and to argue that while the former is not justified, the latter might be. Racial profiling as it is, they recognize, is marked by police abuse and the harassment of racial minorities, and by (...)
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  9.  5
    Common Ownership of the Earth as a Non‐Parochial Standpoint: A Contingent Derivation of Human Rights.Mathias Risse - 2009 - European Journal of Philosophy 17 (2):277-304.
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  10.  3
    On Justice: Philosophy, History, Foundations.Mathias Risse - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    Though much attention has been paid to different principles of justice, far less has been done reflecting on what the larger concern behind the notion is. In this work, Mathias Risse proposes that the perennial quest for justice is about ensuring that each individual has an appropriate place in what our uniquely human capacities permit us to build, produce, and maintain, and is appropriately respected for the capacity to hold such a place to begin with. Risse begins by investigating the (...)
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  11. Mathias Risse and Gabriel Wollner: On Trade Justice: A Philosophical Plea for a New Global Deal: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019. Hardback (ISBN-13: 9780198837411). $30,00. 288 Pp. [REVIEW]Benjamin Ferguson - 2021 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24 (4):1069-1071.
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  12.  34
    Should Citizens of a Welfare State Be Transformed Into “Queens”? A Response to Risse.Julian le Grand - 2005 - Economics and Philosophy 21 (2):305-308.
    Mathias Risse has provided a thoughtful critique of my book, raising serious points about a major part of the argument. I am glad to have the opportunity to reflect further on it.
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  13. Is There a Human Right to Free Movement? Immigration and Original Ownership of the Earth.Michael Blake & Mathias Risse - 2009 - Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 23 (1):166.
    1. Among the most striking features of the political arrangements on this planet is its division into sovereign states.1 To be sure, in recent times, globalization has woven together the fates of communities and individuals in distant parts of the world in complex ways. It is partly for this reason that now hardly anyone champions a notion of sovereignty that would entirely discount a state’s liability the effects that its actions would have on foreign nationals. Still, state sovereignty persists as (...)
     
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  14. Racial Profiling.Mathias Risse & Richard Zeckhauser - 2004 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (2):131-170.
    We have benefited from conversations with Archon Fung, Brian Jacob, Todd Pittinsky, Peter Schuck, Ani Satz, Andrew Williams, and students in a joint class on statistics and ethics at the John F. Kennedy School of Government in October 2002. We are also grateful to our audience at the conference “The Priority of Practice,” organized by Jonathan Wolff at University College London in September 2003, and to Arthur Applbaum, Miriam Avins, Frances Kamm, Simon Keller, Frederick Schauer, Alan Wertheimer, and the Editors (...)
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  15.  27
    Ian Carter, A Measure of Freedom:A Measure of Freedom.Mathias Risse - 2004 - Ethics 114 (2):340-343.
  16. On the Morality of Immigration.Mathias Risse - 2008 - Ethics and International Affairs 22 (1):25–33.
    This essay makes a plea for the relevance of moral considerations in debates about immigration. It offers a standpoint that demonstrates why one should think of immigration as a moral problem that must be considered in the context of global justice.
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  17.  95
    Does Left-Libertarianism Have Coherent Foundations?Mathias Risse - 2004 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 3 (3):337-364.
    Left-libertarian theories of justice hold that agents are full self-owners and that natural resources are owned in some egalitarian manner. Some philosophers find left-libertarianism promising because it seems that it coherently underwrites both some demands of material equality and some limits on the permissible means of promoting such equality. However, the main goal of this article is to argue that, as far as coherence is concerned, at least one formulation of left-libertarianism is in trouble. This formulation is that of Michael (...)
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  18.  51
    Fairness in Trade I: Obligations From Trading and the Pauper-Labor Argument.Mathias Risse - 2007 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 6 (3):355-377.
    Standard economic theory teaches that trade benefits all countries involved, at least in the long run. While there are other reasons for trade liberalization, this insight, going back to Ricardo's 1817 Principles of Political Economy , continues to underlie international economics. Trade also raises fairness questions. First, suppose A trades with B while parts of A's population are oppressed. Do the oppressed in A have a complaint in fairness against B? Should B cease to trade? Second, suppose because of oppression (...)
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  19. A Right to Work? A Right to Leisure? Labor Rights as Human Rights.Mathias Risse - 2009 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 3 (1):1-39.
    Labor rights are the first to come up for criticism when accounts of human rights are offered in response to philosophical questions about them, and notoriously so Article 24, which talks about `rest and leisure' and `period holidays with pay.' This study first tries to make it plausible why labor rights would appear on the Universal Declaration, and next articulates some philosophical objections to their presence there. The interesting question then is not so much how one could respond to the (...)
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  20.  56
    A Generalization of Aumann's Agreement Theorem.Matthias Hild & Mathias Risse - unknown
    The scope of Aumann’s (1976) Agreement Theorem is needlessly limited by its restriction to Conditioning as the update rule. Here we prove the theorem in a more comprehensive framework, in which the evolution of probabilities is represented directly, without deriving new probabilities from new certainties. The framework allows arbitrary update rules subject only to Goldstein’s (1983) requirement that current expectations agree with current expectations of future expectations.
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  21.  77
    Comment on Mathias Risse: "A Right to Work? A Right to Leisure? Labor Rights as Human Rights".Thomas Pogge - 2009 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 3 (1):40-47.
    In his ambitious paper, Risse addresses many important topics ranging from very general issues about what human rights are to quite specific questions about rights to work and leisure. I comment on four themes arranged in order of decreasing generality: Risse's understanding of what human rights are, Risse's suggestion that a conception of human rights should best be "basis-driven," Risse's particular basis-driven conception of human rights, and Risse's specific position on human rights relating to labor and leisure. What grounds can (...)
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  22.  5
    Dying Like a Dog: The Convergence of Concepts of a Good Death in Human and Veterinary Medicine.Felicitas Selter, Kirsten Persson, Johanna Risse, Peter Kunzmann & Gerald Neitzke - forthcoming - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy.
    Standard views of good death in human and veterinary medicine considerably differ from one another. Whereas the good death ideal in palliative medicine emphasizes the positive aspects of non-induced dying, veterinarians typically promote a quick and painless killing with the aim to end suffering. Recent developments suggest a convergence of both professions and professional attitudes, however. Palliative physicians are confronted with patients wishing to be ‘put to sleep’, while veterinarians have begun to integrate principles and practices from hospice care. We (...)
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  23.  69
    Fairness in Trade II: Export Subsidies and the Fair Trade Movement.Malgorzata Kurjanska & Mathias Risse - 2008 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 7 (1):29-56.
    Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, USA, mathias_risse{at}ksg.harvard.edu ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> It is a widespread view that support for Fair Trade is called for, whereas agricultural subsidies are pegged as unjustifiable. Though one supports farmers in developing countries while the other does the same for those in already developed ones, there are, nonetheless, similarities between both scenarios. Both are economically `inefficient', upholding production beyond what the market would sustain. In both cases, supportive arguments (...)
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  24.  79
    On God and Guilt: A Reply to Aaron Ridley.Mathias Risse - 2005 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 29 (1):46-53.
    1. Let me begin by distinguishing two conceptions of guilt. The first conceives of guilt as an experience of reprehensible failure in response to specific actions. I feel guilty if I break a promise for reasons that cannot justify this transgression. This conception of guilt as a responsive attitude, which I call locally- reactive guilt, captures a tension in one’s agency that arises from a local failure. The second conception understands guilt as a condition that shapes one’s whole existence. Guilt, (...)
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  25. Arguing for Majority Rule.Mathias Risse - 2004 - Journal of Political Philosophy 12 (1):41–64.
    ALTHOUGH majority rule finds ready acceptance whenever groups make decisions, there are surprisingly few philosophically interesting arguments in support of it.1 Jeremy Waldron’s The Dignity of Legislation contains the most interesting recent defense of majority rule. Waldron combines his own argument from respect with May’s influential characterization of majority rule, tying both to a reinterpretation of a well-known passage from Locke’s Second Treatise (“the body moves into the direction determined by the majority of forces”). Despite its impressive resourcefulness, Waldron’s defense (...)
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  26. The Second Treatise in In the Genealogy of Morality: Nietzsche on the Origin of the Bad Conscience.Mathias Risse - 2001 - European Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):55-81.
    On a postcard to Franz Overbeck from January 4, 1888, Nietzsche makes some illuminating remarks with respect to the three treatises in his book On the Genealogy of Morality.2 Nietzsche says that, ‘for the sake of clarity, it was necessary artificially to isolate the different roots of that complex structure that is called morality. Each of these three treatises expresses a single primum mobile; a fourth and fifth are missing, as is even the most essential (‘the herd instinct’) – for (...)
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  27.  98
    Harsanyi's 'Utilitarian Theorem' and Utilitarianism.Mathias Risse - 2002 - Noûs 36 (4):550–577.
    1.1 In 1955, John Harsanyi proved a remarkable theorem:1 Suppose n agents satisfy the assumptions of von Neumann/Morgenstern (1947) expected utility theory, and so does the group as a whole (or an observer). Suppose that, if each member of the group prefers option a to b, then so does the group, or the observer (Pareto condition). Then the group’s utility function is a weighted sum of the individual utility functions. Despite Harsanyi’s insistence that what he calls the Utilitarian Theorem embeds (...)
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  28.  51
    On Global Justice.Mathias Risse - 2012 - Princeton University Press.
    The grounds of justice -- "Un pouvoir ordinaire": shared membership in a state as a ground of -- Justice -- Internationalism versus statism and globalism: contemporary debates -- What follows from our common humanity? : the institutional stance, human rights, and nonrelationism -- Hugo Grotius revisited : collective ownership of the Earth and global public reason -- "Our sole habitation" : a contemporary approach to collective ownership of the earth -- Toward a contingent derivation of human rights -- Proportionate use (...)
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  29. Guenter B. Risse, Mending Bodies, Saving Souls. A History of Hospitals.S. Hahner-Rombach - 2002 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (2):292-294.
     
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  30.  9
    The Eternal Recurrence: A Freudian Look at What Nietzsche Took to Be His Greatest Insight.Mathias Risse - 2009 - In Ken Gemes & Simon May (eds.), Nietzsche on Freedom and Autonomy. Oxford University Press. pp. 223.
  31.  4
    Guenter B. Risse. Mending Bodies, Saving Souls: A History of Hospitals. Xx + 716 Pp., Frontis., Illus., Index. New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. [REVIEW]David Rosner - 2003 - Isis 94 (2):336-337.
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  32.  72
    On the Philosophy of Group Decision Methods I: The Nonobviousness of Majority Rule.Mathias Risse - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (5):793-802.
    Majority rule is often adopted almost by default as a group decision rule. One might think, therefore, that the conditions under which it applies, and the argument on its behalf, are well understood. However, the standard arguments in support of majority rule display systematic deficiencies. This article explores these weaknesses, and assesses what can be said on behalf of majority rule.
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  33.  81
    An Exchange: The Morality of Immigration.Ryan Pevnick, Philip Cafaro & Mathias Risse - 2008 - Ethics and International Affairs 22 (3):241-259.
    Writing in EIA 22, no. 1, Mathias Risse presented a novel way to think about the problem of immigration in the context of global justice, adopting the standpoint of the common ownership of the earth. The following Exchange is in response to that essay.
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  34.  5
    Modern China and Traditional Chinese Medicine: A Symposium Held at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.Arthur M. Kleinman & Guenther B. Risse - 1976 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 96 (2):348.
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  35.  2
    A Summer Plague: Polio and Its Survivors. Tony Gould.Guenter B. Risse - 1997 - Isis 88 (1):165-166.
  36.  53
    On the Philosophy of Group Decision Methods II: Alternatives to Majority Rule.Mathias Risse - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (5):803-812.
    In this companion piece to 'On the Philosophy of Group Decision Methods I: The Non-Obviousness of Majority Rule', we take a closer look at some competitors of majority rule. This exploration supplements the conclusions of the other piece, as well as offers a further-reaching introduction to some of the challenges that this field currently poses to philosophers.
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  37.  8
    Book ReviewsIan. Carter, A Measure of Freedom.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. Pp. 328. $100.00.Mathias Risse - 2004 - Ethics 114 (2):340-343.
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  38.  55
    Critical Notice of Aaron James, Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy.Risse Matthias & Wollner Gabriel - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (3):382-401.
    (2013). Critical notice of Aaron James, Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy. Canadian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 43, No. 3, pp. 382-401.
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  39.  14
    The Virtuous Group: Foundations for the 'Argument From the Wisdom of the Multitude'.Mathias Risse - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):53-84.
    Throughout the Politics, Aristotle discusses claims to the supreme authority in a polis. Some claims are made on qualitative grounds, and here Aristotle mentions freedom, wealth, education, good birth, military power, and virtue. Other claims are made on quantitative grounds, and here Aristotle refers to the superior numbers of the multitude. Since he takes all these claims seriously and since several parties may claim power on different grounds, quarrels are to be expected. As opposed to this, in the ideal polis (...)
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  40.  5
    Chapter 7. Toward a Contingent Derivation of Human Rights.Mathias Risse - 2012 - In On Global Justice. Princeton University Press. pp. 130-151.
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  41.  41
    Critical Notice Should Citizens of a Welfare State Be Transformed Into “Queens”?Mathias Risse - 2005 - Economics and Philosophy 21 (2):291-303.
    Julian Le Grand offers an account of public policy that arranges views along two axes: a motivational axis, along which individuals can be knights or knaves, and an agency axis, along which they can be pawns or queens. Knaves are concerned to further their self-interest, understood broadly in terms of whatever people may care about. Following Hume, Le Grand calls such characters “knaves,” but this has no automatic connotations with illegal activities. Knights, on the other hand, are motivated to help (...)
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  42.  14
    On the Significance of Membership in Approaches to Global Justice: Putting Carens in Context.Mathias Risse - 2016 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (4):443-449.
    My main theme is to compare Carens' take on membership with Michael Blake's and mine. Both Carens and Blake think membership matters enormously in the context of global justice. But they develop this point very differently. However, from the standpoint of my theory, Carens’ and Blake's accounts have symmetrical shortcomings. Neither view takes a genuinely globally balanced approach to immigration.
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  43.  23
    Debate: In Defence of Fiscal Autonomy: A Reply to Risse and Meyer.Peter Dietsch & Thomas Rixen - 2019 - Journal of Political Philosophy 27 (4):499-511.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  44. Migration, Territoriality, and Culture.Michael Blake & Mathias Risse - 2008 - In Ryberg Jesper & Petersen Thomas (eds.), New Waves in Applied Ethics. Palgrave.
    Little work has been done to explore the moral foundations of the state’s right to territory.1 In modern times, the state has mostly been assumed to be a territorial unit, and no need was perceived to reflect on precisely what justifies its territorial jurisdiction. The state’s territoriality is related to another topic that has remained under-theorized: immigration. There is, moreover, an obvious relationship between these topics: the more powerful a state’s rights over its territory, the more powerful the right to (...)
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  45.  13
    Beyond Porn and Discreditation: Epistemic Promises and Perils of Deepfake Technology in Digital Lifeworlds.Mathias Risse & Catherine Kerner - 2021 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 8 (1):81-108.
    Deepfakes are a new form of synthetic media that broke upon the world in 2017. Bringing photoshopping to video, deepfakes replace people in existing videos with someone else’s likeness. Currently most of their reach is limited to pornography, and they are also used to discredit people. However, deepfake technology has many epistemic promises and perils, which concern how we fare as knowers. Our goal is to help set an agenda around these matters, to make sure this technology can help realize (...)
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  46.  8
    Chapter 16. “Imagine There’s No Countries”: A Reply to John Lennon.Mathias Risse - 2012 - In On Global Justice. Princeton University Press. pp. 304-324.
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  47.  5
    Chapter 6. “Our Sole Habitation”: A Contemporary Approach to Collective Ownership of the Earth.Mathias Risse - 2012 - In On Global Justice. Princeton University Press. pp. 108-129.
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  48. Review of'Mending Bodies, Saving Souls. A History of Hospitals' by Guenter B. Risse (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999). [REVIEW]C. J. Lawrence - 2002 - Annals of Science 59:219.
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  49. An Exchange: The Morality of Immigration.Ryan Pevnick, Philip Cafaro & Mathias Risse - 2008 - Ethics and International Affairs 22 (3).
    Writing in EIA 22, no. 1, Mathias Risse presented a novel way to think about the problem of immigration in the context of global justice, adopting the standpoint of the common ownership of the earth. The following Exchange is in response to that essay.
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  50. Why the Count de Borda Cannot Beat the Marquis de Condorcet.Mathias Risse - unknown
    Although championed by the Marquis the Condorcet and many others, majority rule has often been rejected as indeterminate, incoherent, or implausible. Majority rule’s arch competitor is the Borda count, proposed by the Count de Borda, and there has long been a dispute between the two approaches. In several..
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