Results for 'A. Vilhelmsson'

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  1.  65
    Mental Ill Health, Public Health and Medicalization.A. Vilhelmsson, T. Svensson & A. Meeuwisse - 2011 - Public Health Ethics 4 (3):207-217.
    WHO suggests mental ill health in terms of depression to be the highest ranking disease problem in the developed world in 2020–2030 and claims a public health approach to be the most appropriate response. But some argue that the alarming reports on mental ill health have their ground in the methods of inquiry themselves and refer to medicalization as an important issue. The aim of this article is to explore and illuminate the issue of what is meant by mental health (...)
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  2.  1
    The development of a multidimensional meaning of tax: From unfair tax to fair.Anders Vilhelmsson, Amanda Sonnerfeldt, Niklas Sandell & Axel Hilling - 2023 - Discourse and Communication 17 (1):57-76.
    Historically, companies have communicated taxes as a burden, as the benefits provided by governments are not perceived to be in proportion to their payments. With sustainable development becoming central in many policy areas, new discourses including ‘fair’ or ‘sustainable’ tax have become omnipresent in public talk on taxes. This paper analyzes tax discourses in corporate annual reports within this changing context to examine the use of language in the construction of the meaning of tax. By analyzing tax reporting by a (...)
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  3. The Philosophy of Humor: What makes Something Funny.Chris A. Kramer - 2022 - 1000-Word Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology.
    People can laugh at almost anything. What’s the deal with that? What makes something funny? -/- This essay reviews some theories of what it is for something to be funny. Each theory offers insights into this question, but no single approach provides a comprehensive answer.
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  4. A cautious welcome: An introduction and guide to the book.A. J. Marcel & E. Bisiach - 1988 - In Anthony J. Marcel & E. Bisiach (eds.), Consciousness in Contemporary Science. Oxford University Press. pp. 1--15.
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  5.  49
    One true logic: a monist manifesto.A. C. Paseau & Owen Griffiths - 2022 - Oxford: Oxford University Press. Edited by A. C. Paseau.
    Logical monism is the claim that there is a single correct logic, the 'one true logic' of our title. The view has evident appeal, as it reflects assumptions made in ordinary reasoning as well as in mathematics, the sciences, and the law. In all these spheres, we tend to believe that there aredeterminate facts about the validity of arguments. Despite its evident appeal, however, logical monism must meet two challenges. The first is the challenge from logical pluralism, according to which (...)
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  6. The Act of Creation: A Study of the Conscious and Unconscious Processes of Humor, Scientific Discovery and Art.A. Koestler - 1964
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  7.  48
    A Foucault primer: discourse, power, and the subject.A. W. McHoul - 1993 - Dunedin, N.Z.: University of Otago Press. Edited by Wendy Grace.
    "A consistently clear, comprehensive and accessible introduction which carefully sifts Foucault's work for both its strengths and weaknesses. McHoul and Grace show an intimate familiarity with Foucault's writings and a lively, but critical engagement with the relevance of his work. A model primer." -Tony Bennett, author of Outside Literature In such seminal works as Madness and Civilization, Discipline and Punish , and The History of Sexuality , the late philosopher Michel Foucault explored what our politics, our sexuality, our societal conventions, (...)
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  8.  25
    A new approach to the logical theory of interrogatives.Lennart Åqvist - 1965 - [Uppsala]: [Uppsala].
  9. A Commentary on Plato's Timaeus.A. Taylor - 1929 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 36 (2):14-14.
     
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  10. A quantum computer only needs one universe.A. M. Steane - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 34 (3):469-478.
    The nature of quantum computation is discussed. It is argued that, in terms of the amount of information manipulated in a given time, quantum and classical computation are equally efficient. Quantum superposition does not permit quantum computers to ''perform many computations simultaneously'' except in a highly qualified and to some extent misleading sense. Quantum computation is therefore not well described by interpretations of quantum mechanics which invoke the concept of vast numbers of parallel universes. Rather, entanglement makes available types of (...)
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  11.  39
    A unified framework for addiction: Vulnerabilities in the decision process.Adam Johnson A. David Redish, Steve Jensen - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):415.
    The understanding of decision-making systems has come together in recent years to form a unified theory of decision-making in the mammalian brain as arising from multiple, interacting systems (a planning system, a habit system, and a situation-recognition system). This unified decision-making system has multiple potential access points through which it can be driven to make maladaptive choices, particularly choices that entail seeking of certain drugs or behaviors. We identify 10 key vulnerabilities in the system: (1) moving away from homeostasis, (2) (...)
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  12. Metasemantics : a normative perspective.Manuel García-Carpintero - 2021 - In Piotr Stalmaszczyk (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  13. A graph-theoretic account of logics.A. Sernadas, C. Sernadas, J. Rasga & Marcelo E. Coniglio - 2009 - Journal of Logic and Computation 19 (6):1281-1320.
    A graph-theoretic account of logics is explored based on the general notion of m-graph (that is, a graph where each edge can have a finite sequence of nodes as source). Signatures, interpretation structures and deduction systems are seen as m-graphs. After defining a category freely generated by a m-graph, formulas and expressions in general can be seen as morphisms. Moreover, derivations involving rule instantiation are also morphisms. Soundness and completeness theorems are proved. As a consequence of the generality of the (...)
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  14.  24
    A propos de « La Déduction Relativiste » de M. Émile Meyerson.A. Einstein & André Metz - 1928 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 105:161 - 166.
  15. Metasemantics : a normative perspective.Manuel García-Carpintero - 2021 - In Piotr Stalmaszczyk (ed.), Cambridge Handbook of the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  16.  16
    A Multifocal and Integrative View of the Influencers of Ethical Attitudes Using Qualitative Configurational Analysis.Nicole A. Celestine, Catherine Leighton & Chris Perryer - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 162 (1):103-122.
    Ethical attitudes and behaviour are complex. This complexity extends to the influencers operating at different levels both outside and within the organisation, and in different combinations for different individuals. There is hence a growing need to understand the proximal and distal influencers of ethical attitudes, and how these operate in concert at the individual, organisational, and societal levels. Few studies have attempted to combine these main research streams and systematically examine their combined impact. The minority of studies that have taken (...)
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  17.  45
    A Solution to the Combination Problem and the Future of Panpsychism.A. Harris - 2021 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 28 (9-10):129-140.
    This paper supports the scientific position that panpsychism is a valid category of possible resolutions to the hard problem of consciousness, and it focuses on a solution to the 'combination problem' in panpsychism. I argue for a new way of thinking about consciousness in which consciousness is not viewed in reference to subjects, and that the concept of a 'subject' is borne of the illusion of self. Therefore, we don't face a combination problem if the notion of a subject is (...)
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  18. The anarchist position: A reply to Klosko and Senor.A. John Simmons - 1987 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 16 (3):269-279.
  19.  9
    Open Compositionality: Toward a New Methodology of Language.Eduardo García Ramírez - 2019 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    Open Compositionality: Towards a Methodology of Language offers a fresh view into human languages as supermodular, highly interactive cognitive capacities allowing for human unique thought and communication. It is a novel account of semantics as decision-making in tandem with the cognition first methodology.
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  20. A Short Commentary on Kant's `Critique of Pure Reason'.A. C. Ewing - 1939 - Mind 48 (191):373-377.
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  21.  71
    Investigation of a neutrosophic group.A. Elrawy, Florentin Smarandache & Ayat A. Temraz - unknown
    We use a neutrosophic set, instead of an intuitionistic fuzzy because the neutrosophic set is more general, and it allows for independent and partial independent components, while in an intuitionistic fuzzy set, all components are totally dependent. In this article, we present and demonstrate the concept of neutrosophic invariant subgroups. We delve into the exploration of this notion to establish and study the neutrosophic quotient group. Further, we give the concept of a neutrosophic normal subgroup as a novel concept.
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  22.  12
    Hobbes: A Biography.A. P. Martinich - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    Thomas Hobbes is recognized as one of the fathers of modern philosophy and political theory. In his own time he was as famous for his work in physics, geometry, and religion. He associated with some of the greatest writers, scientists, and politicians of his age. Martinich has written a complete and accessible biography of Hobbes. The book takes full account of the historical and cultural context in which Hobbes lived, drawing on both published and unpublished sources. It will be a (...)
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  23.  6
    Imagination in Inquiry: A Philosophical Model and its Applications.A. Pablo Iannone - 2022 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    Imagination in Inquiry investigates the nature, kinds, component elements, functions, scope, and uses of the imagination that are at work in inquiry. It develops a homeostatic model and discusses its applications in various branches of philosophy, from the philosophy of science and the philosophy of technology to ethics and aesthetics.
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  24.  67
    Sensations and Situations: A Sensorimotor Integrationist Approach.A. Noe - 2016 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 23 (5-6):66-79.
    In this short paper I propose that the sensorimotor approach to perception is a tree yielding two distinct theoretical fruits. One fruit is sensorimotor reductionism. The other is sensorimotor integrationism. In this paper I try to explain what makes these fruits different.
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  25. A Short Commentary on Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.A. C. Ewing - 1939 - Philosophy 14 (54):215-217.
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  26.  4
    Filosofii︠a︡ soznanii︠a︡ Meraba Mamardashvili.D. Ė Gaspari︠a︡n - 2013 - Moskva: Kanon+.
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  27.  3
    Issledovanii︠a︡ i statʹi po russkoĭ filosofii.A. V. Malinov - 2020 - Sankt-Peterburg: Izdatel'stvo RKhGA.
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  28.  92
    A. J. Ayer: Memorial Essays.A. Phillips Griffiths (ed.) - 1992 - Cambridge University Press.
    A. J. Ayer, who died in 1989, was acknowledged as one of Britain's most distinguished philosophers. In this memorial collection of essays leading Western philosophers reflect on Ayer's place in the history of philosophy and explore aspects of his thought and teaching. The volume also includes a posthumous essay by Ayer himself: 'A defence of empiricism'. These essays are undoubtedly a fitting tribute to a major figure, but the collection is not simply retrospective; rather it looks forward to present and (...)
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  29.  9
    Philosophy as a Humanistic Discipline.A. W. Moore (ed.) - 2006 - Princeton University Press.
    What can--and what can't--philosophy do? What are its ethical risks--and its possible rewards? How does it differ from science? In Philosophy as a Humanistic Discipline, Bernard Williams addresses these questions and presents a striking vision of philosophy as fundamentally different from science in its aims and methods even though there is still in philosophy "something that counts as getting it right." Written with his distinctive combination of rigor, imagination, depth, and humanism, the book amply demonstrates why Williams was one of (...)
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  30. A Reply to Critics.A. W. Eaton - 2008 - Symposia on Gender, Race, and Philosophy 4 (2):1--11.
     
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  31. Hegel à Iéna. (A propos de publications récentes).A. Koyré - 1934 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 118 (9/10):274 - 283.
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  32. A. J. Ayer: Memorial Essays.A. Phillips Griffiths - 1993 - Philosophy 68 (263):107-108.
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  33.  27
    A History of Sociology in Britain: Science, Literature, and Society.A. H. Halsey - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the first-ever critical history of sociology in Britain, written by one of the world's leading scholars in the field. A. H. Halsey presents a vivid and authoritative picture of the neglect, expansion, fragmentation, and explosion of the discipline during the past century. The book examines the literary and scientific contributions to the origin of the discipline, and the challenges faced by the discipline at the dawn of a new century.
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  34.  5
    Creating a context for chemistry.A. Truman Schwartz - 1999 - Science & Education 8 (6):605-618.
  35. Philosophy. A guide through the Subject.A. C. Grayling - 1997 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 187 (4):481-482.
     
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  36. A. J. Ayer, Memorial Essays.A. Philipps Griffiths - 1993 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 183 (2):463-463.
     
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  37.  4
    A Critical Examination of Psycho-Analysis.A. Wohlgemuth - 2015 - Routledge.
    Originally published in 1923, this title is a critical examination of Freud’s theory of psychoanalysis. A contemporary of Freud, the author sets out to evaluate his theories in a scientific manner, searching for evidence. The result is a rather scathing review of where this is lacking.
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  38. A general framework for implementation of clinical guidelines by healthcare organizations.A. Kumar, Barry Smith, D. M. Pisanelli, A. Gangemi & M. Stefanelli - 2003 - In D. M. Pisanelli (ed.), Ontologies in Medicine: Proceedings of the Workshop on Medical Ontologies (Rome October 2003). Amsterdam: IOS Press. pp. 95-107.
    The paper presents the outlines of an ontology of plans and guidelines, which is then used as the basis for a framework for implementing guideline-based systems for the management of workflow in health care organizations. The framework has a number of special features, above all in that it enables us to represent in formal terms assignments of work-items both to individuals and to teams and to tailor guideline to specific contexts of application in health care organizations. It is designed also (...)
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  39. A note on logical truth and non-sexist semantics.A. J. Stenner - 1981 - In Mary Vetterling-Braggin (ed.), Sexist Language: A Modern Philosophical Analysis. Littlefield, Adams. pp. 299--306.
     
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  40.  10
    A Companion to Analytic Philosophy.A. P. Martinich & E. David Sosa (eds.) - 2001 - Malden, Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell.
    A Companion to Analytic Philosophy is a comprehensive guide to many significant analytic philosophers and concepts of the last hundred years. Provides a comprehensive guide to many of the most significant analytic philosophers of the last one hundred years. Offers clear and extensive analysis of profound concepts such as truth, goodness, knowledge, and beauty. Written by some of the most distinguished philosophers alive, some of whom have entries in the book devoted to them.
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  41. A Mess of the Grounding Role of Metaphysics.A. Schetz - 2015 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (1):162-163.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Towards a PL-Metaphysics of Perception: In Search of the Metaphysical Roots of Constructivism” by Konrad Werner. Upshot: In his target article, Werner focuses his efforts on finding a metaphysical paradigm in which it would be suitable to embed - as he puts it - some movements in contemporary philosophy and cognitive science, and especially radical constructivism and the embodied cognition approach. In my commentary, I shall briefly discuss the question of metaphysical grounding or embedding (...)
     
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  42. How a Process-oriented Approach in Radical Constructivism Affects Empirical Research.A. Scholl - 2011 - Constructivist Foundations 7 (1):29-31.
    Open peer commentary on the target article “From Objects to Processes: A Proposal to Rewrite Radical Constructivism” by Siegfried J. Schmidt > Upshot: Radical Constructivism should be strictly process-oriented to avoid hidden ontology. S. J. Schmidt provides such a strict process-orientation from a very philosophical viewpoint that, however, still lacks access to empirical research. The purpose of this commentary is to show a way to apply Schmidt’s philosophical framework to empirical research.
     
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  43. A.Gehlen, L’uomo nell’era della tecnica.A. Russo - 1984 - Rinascita Della Scuola 1984:311--314.
    Recensione critica, e analitica, del testo di A.Gehlen.
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  44.  79
    The Fragments of Parmenides: A Critical Text with Introduction and Translation, the Ancient Testimonia and a Commentary.A. H. Coxon - 1986 - Dover, N.H.: Parmenides Publishing. Edited by A. H. Coxon.
    Edited with New Translation by Richard McKirahan With a New Preface by Malcolm Schofield This book is a revised and expanded version of A.H. Coxon's full critical edition of the extant remains of Parmenides of Elea—the fifth-century B.C. philosopher by many considered "one of the greatest and most astonishing thinkers of all times." Coxon's presentation of the complete ancient evidence for Parmenides and his comprehensive examination of the fragments, unsurpassed to this day, have proven invaluable to our understanding of the (...)
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  45.  22
    Thought Without a Thinking Subject; or, Karl Popper as Film-Philosopher.A. Thomas - forthcoming - .
    The most interesting, and problematic, claim made by film-philosophy, for me, is the proposition that film thinks. This claim is interesting because it asserts that film has something philosophical to offer that philosophy itself lacks. It is problematic because we tend to think that where there is thinking, there must be a someone doing that thinking. And whatever film is, it is not a someone. This paper brings Karl Poppers model of objective knowledge what he calls knowledge in the absence (...)
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  46. Will a Few Bad Apples Spoil the Core of Big Business?A. Etzioni - 1985 - Business and Society Review 55:4-15.
     
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  47. A Mathematical Model for Info-computationalism.A. C. Ehresmann - 2014 - Constructivist Foundations 9 (2):235-237.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Info-computational Constructivism and Cognition” by Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic. Upshot: I propose a mathematical approach to the framework developed in Dodig-Crnkovic’s target article. It points to an important property of natural computation, called the multiplicity principle (MP), which allows the development of increasingly complex cognitive processes and knowledge. While local dynamics are classically computable, a consequence of the MP is that the global dynamics is not, thus raising the problem of developing more elaborate computations, perhaps with (...)
     
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  48.  33
    A Quietist Particularism.A. W. Price - 2013 - In David Bakhurst, Margaret Olivia Little & Brad Hooker (eds.), Thinking About Reasons: Themes From the Philosophy of Jonathan Dancy. Oxford University Press. pp. 218.
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  49. Sochinenii︠a︡.Nikolaĭ Berdi︠a︡ev - 1994 - Moskva: "Raritet". Edited by Arseniĭ Gulyga & Nikolaĭ Berdi︠a︡ev.
    Filosofii︠a︡ svobody -- Istoki i smysl russkogo kommunizma.
     
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  50. Religion: A Radical-Constructivist Perspective.A. Quale - 2015 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (1):119-126.
    Context: In the literature of radical constructivism, the epistemology and ontology of religion has been rarely discussed. Problem: I investigate the impact of radical constructivism on some aspects of religion - in particular, on the conflict that is sometimes perceived to arise between religion and natural science, discussed in the context of religious belief. Method: It is argued that the epistemology of radical constructivism serves to distinguish between items of cognitive and non-cognitive knowledge. This makes it possible to discuss issues (...)
     
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