Results for 'A. Wager'

998 found
Order:
  1.  75
    The Brain Basis of Emotion: A Meta-Analytic Review.Kristen A. Lindquist, Tor D. Wager, Hedy Kober, Eliza Bliss-Moreau & Lisa Feldman Barrett - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (3):121-143.
    Researchers have wondered how the brain creates emotions since the early days of psychological science. With a surge of studies in affective neuroscience in recent decades, scientists are poised to answer this question. In this target article, we present a meta-analytic summary of the neuroimaging literature on human emotion. We compare the locationist approach (i.e., the hypothesis that discrete emotion categories consistently and specifically correspond to distinct brain regions) with the psychological constructionist approach (i.e., the hypothesis that discrete emotion categories (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   113 citations  
  2.  33
    Cognitive Neuroscience 2.0: Building a Cumulative Science of Human Brain Function.Tal Yarkoni, Russell A. Poldrack, David C. Van Essen & Tor D. Wager - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (11):489-496.
  3.  23
    Exploring Why and How Journal Editors Retract Articles: Findings From a Qualitative Study.Peter Williams & Elizabeth Wager - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):1-11.
    Editors have a responsibility to retract seriously flawed articles from their journals. However, there appears to be little consistency in journals’ policies or procedures for this. In a qualitative study, we therefore interviewed editors of science journals using semi-structured interviews to investigate their experience of retracting articles. We identified potential barriers to retraction, difficulties in the process and also sources of support and encouragement. Our findings have been used as the basis for guidelines developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  4.  1
    What Patients, Students and Doctors Think About Permission to Publish Patient Photographs in Academic Journals: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Croatia.Marija Roguljić, Tina Poklepović Peričić, Andrea Gelemanović, Anita Jukić, Dina Šimunović, Ivan Buljan, Matko Marušić, Ana Marušić & Elizabeth Wager - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    Use of patient clinical photographs requires specific attention to confidentiality and privacy. Although there are policies and procedures for publishing clinical images, there is little systematic evidence about what patients and health professionals actually think about consent for publishing clinical images. We investigated the opinions of three stakeholder groups at 3 academic healthcare institutions and 37 private practices in Croatia. The questionnaire contained patient photographs with different levels of anonymization. All three respondent groups considered that more stringent forms of permission (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  3
    Involvement of Sensory Regions in Affective Experience: A Meta-Analysis.Ajay B. Satpute, Jian Kang, Kevin C. Bickart, Helena Yardley, Tor D. Wager & Lisa F. Barrett - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  6.  39
    Science Journal Editors' Views on Publication Ethics: Results of an International Survey.E. Wager, S. Fiack, C. Graf, A. Robinson & I. Rowlands - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (6):348-353.
    Background: Breaches of publication ethics such as plagiarism, data fabrication and redundant publication are recognised as forms of research misconduct that can undermine the scientific literature. We surveyed journal editors to determine their views about a range of publication ethics issues. Methods: Questionnaire sent to 524 editors-in-chief of Wiley-Blackwell science journals asking about the severity and frequency of 16 ethical issues at their journals, their confidence in handling such issues, and their awareness and use of guidelines. Results: Responses were obtained (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  7.  41
    What Are Emotions and How Are They Created in the Brain?Kristen A. Lindquist, Tor D. Wager, Eliza Bliss-Moreau, Hedy Kober & Lisa Feldman Barrett - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (3):172-202.
    In our response, we clarify important theoretical differences between basic emotion and psychological construction approaches. We evaluate the empirical status of the basic emotion approach, addressing whether it requires brain localization, whether localization can be observed with better analytic tools, and whether evidence for basic emotions exists in other types of measures. We then revisit the issue of whether the key hypotheses of psychological construction are supported by our meta-analytic findings. We close by elaborating on commentator suggestions for future research.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  8. The Extra Qualia Problem: Synaesthesia and Representationism.A. Wager - 1999 - Philosophical Psychology 12 (3):263-281.
    Representationism is the view that the phenomenal character of an experience supervenes on its representational content. Synaesthesia is a condition in which the phenomenal character of the experience produced in a subject by stimulation of one sensory modality contains elements characteristic of a second, unstimulated sensory modality. After reviewing some of the recent psychological literature on synaesthesia and one of the leading versions of representationism, I argue that cases of synaesthesia, as instances of what I call the extra qualia problem, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  9.  27
    The Role of the Amygdala in the Appraising Brain.David Sander, Kristen A. Lindquist, Tor D. Wager, Hedy Kober, Eliza Bliss-Moreau & Lisa Feldman Barrett - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (3):161.
    Lindquist et al. convincingly argue that the brain implements psychological operations that are constitutive of emotion rather than modules subserving discrete emotions. However, the nature of such psychological operations is open to debate. I argue that considering appraisal theories may provide alternative interpretations of the neuroimaging data with respect to the psychological operations involved.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  10.  36
    Understanding Emotion: Lessons From Anxiety.Katherine S. Button, Glyn Lewis, Marcus R. Munafò, Kristen A. Lindquist, Tor D. Wager, Hedy Kober, Eliza Bliss-Moreau & Lisa Feldman Barrett - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (3):145.
    We agree that conceptualisation is key in understanding the brain basis of emotion. We argue that by conflating facial emotion recognition with subjective emotion experience, Lindquist et al. understate the importance of biological predisposition in emotion. We use examples from the anxiety disorders to illustrate the distinction between these two phenomena, emphasising the importance of both emotional hardware and contextual learning.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  1
    New and Noteworthy Mosses From South Africa.H. N. Dixon, H. A. Wager & V. A. Wager - 1929 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 18 (3):247-261.
  12.  11
    Somatic Influences on Subjective Well-Being and Affective Disorders: The Convergence of Thermosensory and Central Serotonergic Systems.Charles L. Raison, Matthew W. Hale, Lawrence E. Williams, Tor D. Wager & Christopher A. Lowry - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  13.  50
    Synaesthesia Misrepresented.A. Wager - 2001 - Philosophical Psychology 14 (3):347-351.
    Gray argues that my three earlier counterexamples fail to refute representational theories of phenomenal character. I maintain that, despite Gray's arguments, each example does in fact work against the particular representational theory at which it is targeted. Further, I question whether my internalism regarding phenomenal character and Gray's externalism regarding modularity are in genuine conflict with one another.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  10
    The Breeding Habits and Life-Histories of Two Rare South African Amphibia.—I.Hylambates Natalensisa. Smith. II.Natalobatrachus Bonebergihewitt and Methuen. [REVIEW]Vincent A. Wager - 1930 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 19 (1):79-91.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  7
    The Breeding Habits and Life-Histories of Some of the Transvaal Amphibia.—II.Vincent A. Wager - 1929 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 17 (2):125-135.
  16.  7
    1. The Structure and Life-History of the South African Lagarosiphons.Vincent A. Wager - 1928 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 16 (2):191-204.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  6
    The Breeding Habits and Life-Histories of Some of the Transvaal Amphibia.Vincent A. Wager - 1925 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 13 (2):163-174.
  18. Respiration and Cell Energy.Horace A. Wager - 1910 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 2 (1):405-418.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Some New South African Mosses.Horace A. Wager - 1914 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 4 (1):1-8.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  58
    Synaesthesia and Misrepresentation: A Reply to Wager.Richard Gray - 2001 - Philosophical Psychology 14 (3):339-46.
    Wager has argued that synaesthesia provides material for a counterexample to representational theories of the phenomenal character of experience. He gives a series of three cases based on synaesthesia; he requires the second and third cases to bolster the doubtfulness of the first. Here I further endorse the problematic nature of the first case and then show why the other two cases do not save his argument. I claim that whenever synaesthesia is a credible possibility its phenomenal character can (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  71
    A Better Version of Pascal’s Wager.Michael Rota - 2016 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 90 (3):415-439.
    The standard version of Pascal’s Wager suffers from serious problems. In this paper I present a modified version of a Wager-style argument that avoids several of the most serious objections to the standard version, viz., the objections of Duff and Hájek relating to infinite utilities, moral objections concerning the use of pragmatic considerations, and the many-gods objection. I argue that a serious commitment to living a Christian life is rational if one is rational in assigning a credence to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  22. The Many Gods Objection to Pascal's Wager: A Decision Theoretic Response.Lawrence Pasternack - 2012 - Philo 15 (2):158-178.
    The Many Gods Objection (MGO) is widely viewed as a decisive criticism of Pascal’s Wager. By introducing a plurality of hypotheses with infinite expected utility into the decision matrix, the wagerer is left without adequate grounds to decide between them. However, some have attempted to rebut this objection by employing various criteria drawn from the theological tradition. Unfortunately, such defenses do little good for an argument that is supposed to be an apologetic aimed at atheists and agnostics. The purpose (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  23.  28
    A Thoroughly Modern Wager.Michael J. Shaffer - 2017 - Logos and Episteme 8 (2):207-231.
    This paper presents a corrected version of Pascal's wager that makes it consonant with modern decision theory. The corrected wager shows that not committing to God's existence is the rational choice.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24.  34
    Regularity Theories Disconfirmed: A Revamped Argument and a Wager.Patrick Cronin - 2017 - Synthese 194 (12):4913-4933.
    Regularity theories of causation assert that causal or nomic notions are to be reduced into “mere” frequencies of particular, non-nomic, co-located qualities and matters of fact. In this essay, I present a critical exploration of Armstrong and Strawson’s explanatory arguments against regularity theories. The shortcomings of these older arguments for nomic realism are identified and a revamped version which is immune to such problems is outlined and defended. I argue that anti-realism suffers substantial disconfirmation due to its comparative inability to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  9
    A Wager on Freedom.David A. Sipfle - 1968 - International Philosophical Quarterly 8 (2):200-211.
  26.  79
    Some Mixed Strategies Can Evade Pascal's Wager: A Reply to Monton.Steven Robertson - 2012 - Analysis 72 (2):295-298.
    The mixed strategy response to Pascal’s Wager avoids Pascal’s conclusion by noting that there are ways to obtain infinite expected utility other than believing in God. We can, for instance, flip a coin and believe in God if the coin lands heads. Bradley Monton has recently argued that rationality requires us to apply mixed strategies repeatedly until we believe in God, and thus that mixed strategies do not evade the Wager. I offer three mixed strategies meet the requirements (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  27. Mixed Strategies, Uncountable Times, and Pascal's Wager: A Reply to Robertson.Kenny Easwaran & Bradley Monton - 2012 - Analysis 72 (4):681-685.
    Pascal’s Wager holds that one has pragmatic reason to believe in God, since that course of action has infinite expected utility. The mixed strategy objection holds that one could just as well follow a course of action that has infinite expected utility but is unlikely to end with one believing in God. Monton (2011. Mixed strategies can’t evade Pascal’s Wager. Analysis 71: 642–45.) has argued that mixed strategies can’t evade Pascal’s Wager, while Robertson (2012. Some mixed strategies (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  28.  74
    A Defence of Pascal's Wager.Geoffrey Brown - 1984 - Religious Studies 20 (3):465-479.
    Pascal's Wager, and the issues raised by it, have, despite a few notable exceptions, been an object of some neglect in recent Philosophy of Religion. Whether this neglect is from an assumption that the argument requires no comment, or from a feeling that there is something not quite academically respectable about it, I have come to believe that it is undeserved. One reason why the argument is deserving of attention from the theologian is that Pascal has managed to put (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  29.  2
    Betting on CPR: A Modern Version of Pascal’s Wager.David Y. Harari & Robert C. Macauley - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2019-105558.
    Many patients believe that cardiopulmonary resuscitation is more likely to be successful than it really is in clinical practice. Even when working with accurate information, some nevertheless remain resolute in demanding maximal treatment. They maintain that even if survival after cardiac arrest with CPR is extremely low, the fact remains that it is still greater than the probability of survival after cardiac arrest without CPR. Without realising it, this line of reasoning is strikingly similar to Pascal’s Wager, a Renaissance-era (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  43
    Pascal’s First Wager Reconsidered: A Virtue Theoretic View.Patrick Toner & Christopher Toner - 2006 - International Philosophical Quarterly 46 (1):75-90.
    There are at least two versions of the famous Wager argument to be found in Pascal’s Pensées. In contemporary work on the Wager, attention is almost always focused on the second. In this paper, we take a look at the first, which is often quickly dismissed as a failure. Indeed, it seems to be generally believed that Pascal himself quickly dismissed it as a failure. We fi rst argue that Pascal himself accepted the argument. Then we argue that (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Is a Jamesian Wager the Only Safe Bet? On Jeff Jordan's New Book on Pascal's Wager.Volker Dieringer - 2009 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 91 (2):237-247.
    In his new book on Pascal's Wager, Jeff Jordan argues that only the ‘Jamesian’ version of the wager argument, as he sees it presented in William James' essay The Will to Believe , constitutes a sound pragmatic argument in favour of theism, whereas Pascal's original wager argument is doomed to fail on various grounds. This article argues that Jordan's theory is untenable. The many-gods objection is used as an example: it is demonstrated that the Jamesian Wager (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  25
    A Modern Pascal's Wager for Mass Electronic Surveillance.D. Danks - 2014 - Télos 2014 (169):155-161.
    Debates about the moral permissibility of mass electronic surveillance often turn on whether consequentialist considerations legitimately trump relevant deontological rights and principles. In order to establish such overriding consequences, many proponents of mass surveillance employ a modern analogue of Pascal’s wager: they contend that the consequences of no surveillance are so severe that any probability of such outcomes legitimates the abrogation of the relevant rights. In this paper, I briefly review Pascal’s original wager about whether to live a (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. Review of Nicholas Rescher, Pascal's Wager: A Study of Practical Reasoning in Philosophical Theology. [REVIEW]Cornel West - unknown
    The immeasurable impact of Pascal is rarely appreciated or understood by contemporary thinkers. On the one hand, Pascal is lauded by literary critics for his writing style while his philosophical contributions are overlooked. On the other hand, Pascal is trivialized by analytic philosophers who view his wager argument as but a poor instance of decision theory. Nicholas Reseller's book is distinctive in that it takes Pascal seriously as a philosopher in light of past and present theological modes of argumentation. (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  64
    Pascal's Wager is a Possible Bet (but Not a Very Good One): Reply to Harmon Holcomb III.Graham Oppy - 1996 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 40 (2):101 - 116.
    In "To Bet The Impossible Bet", Harmon Holcomb III argues: (i) that Pascal's wager is structurally incoherent; (ii) that if it were not thus incoherent, then it would be successful; and (iii) that my earlier critique of Pascal's wager in "On Rescher On Pascal's Wager" is vitiated by its reliance on "logicist" presuppositions. I deny all three claims. If Pascal's wager is "incoherent", this is only because of its invocation of infinite utilities. However, even if infinite (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  6
    A Critical Survey of Pascal’s Wager for the Existence of God.Abbass Khosravi Farsani & Reza Akbari - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 12 (47):5-37.
    Pascal’s Wager is one of the most important and challenging arguments for the existence of God and the rationality of religious believes. According to this argument, where the rational and theoretical arguments for the existence of God are not satisfying, still in practice and decision-making, living on the basis of belief in God and other religious doctrines like life after death, is the most prudential and rational option and the best bet; although these believes are not rationally and certainly (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  81
    Pascal's Wager: A Study of Practical Reasoning in Philosophical Theology.Nicholas Rescher - 1985 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  37.  19
    A Game-Theoretic Analysis of Pascal’s Wager.Ahmer Tarar - 2018 - Economics and Philosophy 34 (1):31-44.
  38.  2
    The Wager of Lucien Goldmann: Tragedy, Dialectics, and a Hidden God.Mitchell Cohen - 1994 - Princeton University Press.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  39. Pascal's Wager: A Study of Practical Reasoning in Philosophical Theology.Nicholas Rescher - 1987 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 22 (1):112-113.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  40.  52
    Believe in Pascal's Wager? Have I Got a Deal for You!Alexander Tabarrok - 2000 - Theory and Decision 48 (2):123-128.
  41.  21
    Imaginary Evil: A Sceptic's Wager.Charles Taliaferro - 1992 - Philosophia 21 (3-4):221-233.
  42. Living Without Religion - Pascal’s Wager: Not a Good Bet.Richard Hull - 2005 - Free Inquiry 25.
  43.  16
    Citizenship: A European Wager.Massimo La Torre - 1995 - Ratio Juris 8 (1):113-123.
  44.  18
    Is the Wager Back On? A Response to Douglas Groothuis.Alan Carter - 2002 - Philosophia Christi 4 (2):493-500.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. The Wager of Luden Goldmann: Tragedy, Dialectics, and a Hidden God.Mitchell Cohen - 1996 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 58 (2):393-394.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  46. Nicholas Rescher, Pascal's Wager: A Study of Practical Reasoning in Philosophical Theology.Mark Vorobej - 1986 - Philosophy in Review 6 (6):299-301.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  7
    Sponsio Quae in Verb a Fact a Est? Two Lost Speeches and the Formula of the Roman Legal Wager.Romanorum Fragmenta Liberae Rei Publicae & M. Porci Catonis Orationum Reliquiae - 2000 - Classical Quarterly 50:159-169.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48.  12
    Book Review: The Wager of Lucien Goldmann: Tragedy, Dialectics and a Hidden God. [REVIEW]Mitchell Cohen - 1995 - Philosophy and Literature 19 (2).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  9
    Book Review: The Wager of Lucien Goldmann: Tragedy, Dialectics and a Hidden God. [REVIEW]David Wetsel - 1995 - Philosophy and Literature 19 (2):409-410.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. After the Wager, the Dice, and the Games: Making Up a Quartet.Andrew Cruickshank - 1984 - Macdonald Publishers.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 998