Results for 'A.-V. Pietarinen'

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  1. On Peirce's late proof of pragmaticism.A. Pietarinen & Lauri Snellman - 2006 - Acta Philosophica Fennica 78:275.
     
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  2. The Iconic Moment. Towards a Peircean Theory of Diagrammatic Imagination.Francesco Bellucci & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2016 - In Ángel Nepomuceno Fernández, Olga Pombo Martins & Juan Redmond (eds.), Epistemology, Knowledge and the Impact of Interaction. Springer Verlag.
     
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  3. Comments on Hookway: The pragmatic maxim and the proof of pragmatism.A. Pietarinen - 2008 - Cognitio 9 (1):85-92.
     
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  4.  23
    A Scholastic-Realist Modal-Structuralism.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2014 - Philosophia Scientiae 18:127-138.
    How are we to understand the talk about properties of structures the existence of which is conditional upon the assumption of the reality of those structures? Mathematics is not about abstract objects, yet unlike fictionalism, modal-structuralism respects the truth of theorems and proofs. But it is nominalistic with respect to possibilia. The problem is that, for fear of reducing possibilia to actualities, the second-order modal logic that claims to axiomatise modal existence has no real semantics. There is no cross-identification of (...)
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  5.  14
    Partiality and games: propositional logic.G. Sandu & A. Pietarinen - 2001 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 9 (1):101-121.
    We study partiality in propositional logics containing formulas with either undefined or over-defined truth-values. Undefined values are created by adding a four-place connective W termed transjunction to complete models which, together with the usual Boolean connectives is shown to be functionally complete for all partial functions. Transjunction is seen to be motivated from a game-theoretic perspective, emerging from a two-stage extensive form semantic game of imperfect information between two players. This game-theoretic approach yields an interpretation where partiality is generated as (...)
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  6. Logic and coherence in the light of competitive games, to appear in.A. Pietarinen - forthcoming - Logique Et Analyse.
     
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  7.  55
    Existential Graphs: What a Diagrammatic Logic of Cognition Might Look Like.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2011 - History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (3):265-281.
    This paper examines the contemporary philosophical and cognitive relevance of Charles Peirce's diagrammatic logic of existential graphs (EGs), the ?moving pictures of thought?. The first part brings to the fore some hitherto unknown details about the reception of EGs in the early 1900s that took place amidst the emergence of modern conceptions of symbolic logic. In the second part, philosophical aspects of EGs and their contributions to contemporary logical theory are pointed out, including the relationship between iconic logic and images, (...)
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  8.  37
    Risk and Values in Science: A Peircean View.Daniele Chiffi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2019 - Axiomathes 29 (4):329-346.
    Scientific evidence and scientific values under risk and uncertainty are strictly connected from the point of view of Peirce’s pragmaticism. In addition, economy and statistics play a key role in both choosing and testing hypotheses. Hence we may show also the connection between the methodology of the economy of research and statistical frequentism, both originating from pragmaticism. The connection is drawn by the regulative principles of synechism, tychism and uberty. These principles are values that have both epistemic and non-epistemic dimension. (...)
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  9.  17
    Assertion and denial: A contribution from logical notations.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen & Francesco Bellucci - 2017 - Journal of Applied Logic 25:1-22.
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  10.  60
    Abductive inference within a pragmatic framework.Daniele Chiffi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - forthcoming - Synthese:1-17.
    This paper presents an enrichment of the Gabbay–Woods schema of Peirce’s 1903 logical form of abduction with illocutionary acts, drawing from logic for pragmatics and its resources to model justified assertions. It analyses the enriched schema and puts it into the perspective of Peirce’s logic and philosophy.
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  11. Brill Online Books and Journals.Gianni Paganini, Martin A. Bertman, Bernard Gert, Brian Trainor & Juhani Pietarinen - 2001 - Hobbes Studies 14 (1).
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  12.  13
    Comentários sobre Hookway,“A Máxima Pragmática ea Prova do Pragmatismo (2): Depois de 1903”.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2008 - Cognitio 9 (1):85-92.
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  13.  11
    A Scholastic-Realist Modal-Structuralism.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2014 - Philosophia Scientae 18:127-138.
  14.  56
    Interdisciplinarity and Peirce's classification of the sciences: A centennial reassessment.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2006 - Perspectives on Science 14 (2):127-152.
    : This paper discusses the American scientist and philosopher Charles S. Peirce's (1839–1914) classification of the sciences from the contemporary perspective of interdisciplinary studies. Three theses are defended: (1) Studies on interdisciplinarity pertain to the intermediate class of Peirce's classification of all science, the sciences of review (retrospective science), ranking below the sciences of discovery (heuretic sciences) and above practical science (the arts). (2) Scientific research methods adopted by interdisciplinary inquiries are cross-categorial. Making them converge to an increasing extent with (...)
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  15.  47
    Significs and the Origins of Analytic Philosophy.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2009 - Journal of the History of Ideas 70 (3):467-490.
    In this article I bring to light a group of scientific and philosophical ideas and intellectual currents from the early era of the significs movement, contemporaneous with the origins of early analytic philosophy. Significs was a strong candidate for the science of language, meaning, and communication during the new century. Its heyday coincided with the forums of the Vienna Circle, yet its intellectual and cultural climate persisted until fading in the turmoil of the mid-century's analytic thought.
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  16. Comments on Hookway,“The Pragmatic Maxim and the Proof of Pragmatism : After 1903”: Comentários sobre Hookway, “A Máxima Pragmática e a Prova do Pragmatismo : Depois de 1903”. [REVIEW]Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2008 - Cognitio 9 (1).
     
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  17.  23
    The Science to Save Us from Philosophy of Science.Ahti-Veikko J. Pietarinen - 2015 - Axiomathes 25 (2):149-166.
    Are knowledge and belief pivotal in science, as contemporary epistemology and philosophy of science nearly universally take them to be? I defend the view that scientists are not primarily concerned with knowing and that the methods of arriving at scientific hypotheses, models and scenarios do not commit us having stable beliefs about them. Instead, what drives scientific discovery is ignorance that scientists can cleverly exploit. Not an absence or negation of knowledge, ignorance concerns fundamental uncertainty, and is brought out by (...)
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  18.  27
    Reprint of: Assertion and denial: A contribution from logical notations.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen & Francesco Bellucci - 2017 - Journal of Applied Logic 25:S3-S24.
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  19.  24
    Propositional Logic of Imperfect Information: Foundations and Applications.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2001 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 42 (4):193-210.
    I will show that the semantic structure of a new imperfect-information propositional logic can be described in terms of extensive forms of semantic games. I will discuss some ensuing properties of these games such as imperfect recall, informational consistency, and team playing. Finally, I will suggest a couple of applications that arise in physics, and most notably in quantum theory and quantum logics.
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  20.  5
    Natural Arguments: A Tribute to John Woods.Dov Gabbay, Lorenzo Magnani, Woosuk Park & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen (eds.) - 2019 - College Publications.
    The present collection of essays honours John Woods on the occasion of his eightieth birthday from contributors who wish to pay homage to this remarkable researcher whom they see not only as a scholar of prodigious energy and insight, but as a friend, colleague, collaborator, or former teacher. All of the essays touch upon topics Woods has taken a direct or indirect interest in, ranging from technical problems of mathematical logic and applications of formal methods through philosophical logic, philosophy of (...)
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  21.  19
    Epistemic Logic and the Theory of Games and Decisions, M. O. L. Bacharach, L.-A. Gérard-Varet, P. Mongin and H. S. Shin. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998, xxxiii + 364 pages. [REVIEW]Ahti Pietarinen - 1999 - Economics and Philosophy 15 (2):318-324.
  22.  27
    On the Diagrammatic Representation of Existential Statements with Venn Diagrams.Amirouche Moktefi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2015 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 24 (4):361-374.
    It is of common use in modern Venn diagrams to mark a compartment with a cross to express its non-emptiness. Modern scholars seem to derive this convention from Charles S. Peirce, with the assumption that it was unknown to John Venn. This paper demonstrates that Venn actually introduced several methods to represent existentials but felt uneasy with them. The resistance to formalize existentials was not limited to diagrammatic systems, as George Boole and his followers also failed to provide a satisfactory (...)
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  23.  12
    Assertion, Conjunction, and Other Signs of Logic: A Contribution to the Philosophy of Notation.Francesco Bellucci, Daniele Chiffi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2021 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 57 (2):270-287.
  24. Peirce’s Logic.Francesco Bellucci & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2015 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Charles Sanders Peirce: Logic Charles Sanders Peirce was an accomplished scientist, philosopher, and mathematician, who considered himself primarily a logician. His contributions to the development of modern logic at the turn of the 20th century were colossal, original and influential. Formal, or deductive, logic was just one of the branches in which he exercized … Continue reading Peirce’s Logic →.
     
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  25.  19
    Genes and Morality: New Essays.Veikko Launis, Juhani Pietarinen & Juha Räikkä - 1999 - Rodopi.
    Most public discussion has focused on those effects of genetic research that are considered in some way unwanted or unpleasant. For example, there has been much debate concerning the risks and the ethical appropriateness of genetic screening, gene therapy, and agricultural applications based on genetic techniques. It often claimed that genetic research may cause new problems such as genetic discrimination, stigmatization, environmental risks, or mistreatment of animals. Genes and Morality: New Essays adopts a critical attitude toward genetic research, on both (...)
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  26. The heterogenous and dynamic nature of mental images: An empirical study.Jelena Issajeva & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2018 - Belgrade Philosophical Annual 1 (31):57-83.
    This article addresses the problem of the nature of mental imagery from a new perspective. It suggests that sign-theoretical approach as elaborated by C. S. Peirce can give a better and more comprehensive explanation of mental imagery. Our empirical findings follow the methodology of cognitive semiotics and they show that (i) properties of mental images are heterogeneous in nature; (ii) properties of mental images are dependent on the characteristics of object-stimulus; (iii) properties of mental images are dependent on individual differences (...)
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  27.  38
    Peirce’s calculi for classical propositional logic.Minghui Ma & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2020 - Review of Symbolic Logic 13 (3):509-540.
    This article investigates Charles Peirce’s development of logical calculi for classical propositional logic in 1880–1896. Peirce’s 1880 work on the algebra of logic resulted in a successful calculus for Boolean algebra. This calculus, denoted byPC, is here presented as a sequent calculus and not as a natural deduction system. It is shown that Peirce’s aim was to presentPCas a sequent calculus. The law of distributivity, which Peirce states in 1880, is proved using Peirce’s Rule, which is a residuation, inPC. The (...)
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  28.  13
    Active Inference and Abduction.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen & Majid D. Beni - forthcoming - Biosemiotics:1-19.
    The background target of the research going into the present article is to forge an intellectual alliance between, on the one hand, active inference and the free-energy principle, and on the other, Charles S. Peirce’s theory of semiotics and pragmatism. In the present paper, the focus is on the allegiance between the nomenclatures of active and abductive inferences as the proper place to begin reaching at that wider target. The paper outlines the key conceptual elements involved in a naturalistic rendering (...)
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  29.  34
    Let Us Investigate! Dynamic Conjecture-Making as the Formal Logic of Abduction.Minghui Ma & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 47 (6):913-945.
    We present a dynamic approach to Peirce’s original construal of abductive logic as a logic of conjecture making, and provide a new decidable, contraction-free and cut-free proof system for the dynamic logic of abductive inferences with neighborhood semantics. Our formulation of the dynamic logic of abduction follows the philosophical and scientific track that led Peirce to his late, post-1903 characterization of abductive conclusions as investigands, namely invitations to investigate propositions conjectured at the level of pre-beliefs.
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  30.  23
    Exploring the beta quadrant.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2015 - Synthese 192 (4):941-970.
    The theory of existential graphs, which Peirce ultimately divided into four quadrants , is a rich method of analysis in the philosophy of logic. Its $$\upbeta $$ β -part boasts a diagrammatic theory of quantification, which by 1902 Peirce had used in the logical analysis of natural-language expressions such as complex donkey-type anaphora, quantificational patterns describing new mathematical concepts, and cognitive information processing. In the $$\upbeta $$ β -quadrant, he came close to inventing independence-friendly logic, the idea of which he (...)
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  31.  59
    Philosophy and Biodiversity.Markku Oksanen & Juhani Pietarinen (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    This important collection focuses on the nature and importance of biodiversity. The concept is clarified and its intrinsic and instrumental value are discussed. Even though the term biodiversity was invented in the 1980s to promote the cause of species conservation, discussions on biological diversity go back to Plato. There are many controversies surrounding biodiversity and a few of them are examined here: What is worthy of protection or restoration and what is the acceptable level of costs? Is it permissible to (...)
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  32.  16
    Abduction and diagrams.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - forthcoming - Logic Journal of the IGPL.
    Abductive conclusions are drawn in a special, co-hortative mood. Abductive conclusions are representative interpretants that represent abduction as a form of reasoning that can convey a general conception of the truth. The truth is not asserted; abduction merely delivers the idea of a matter of course, rendering that idea comparatively simple and natural, hence assuring us of its justified assertibility. Hence abductive reasoning is at home in addressing ‘How Possible’-questions in science. Abductive reasoning concerns the question of how things might, (...)
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  33. Peirce's pragmatic theory of proper names.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2010 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 46 (3):341-363.
    Charles Peirce's theory of proper names is intimately connected to a number of central topics in contemporary philosophy of language and logic. Several papers have appeared in the past in which Peirce's theory of names has been attested to be a precursor of the causal-historical theory of reference.2 The causal-historical theory in turn has customarily been pigeonholed as the 'new' theories of reference that have been emerging since the 1950s (Devitt 1981; Donellan 1966; Kripke 1980; Marcus 1950; Putnam 1973). Among (...)
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  34.  32
    To Peirce Hintikka’s Thoughts.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2019 - Logica Universalis 13 (2):241-262.
    This paper compares Peirce’s and Hintikka’s logical philosophies and identifies a cross-section of similarities in their thoughts in the areas of action-first epistemology, pragmaticist meaning, philosophy of science, and philosophy of logic and mathematics.
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  35.  18
    Proof Analysis of Peirce’s Alpha System of Graphs.Minghui Ma & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2017 - Studia Logica 105 (3):625-647.
    Charles Peirce’s alpha system \ is reformulated into a deep inference system where the rules are given in terms of deep graphical structures and each rule has its symmetrical rule in the system. The proof analysis of \ is given in terms of two embedding theorems: the system \ and Brünnler’s deep inference system for classical propositional logic can be embedded into each other; and the system \ and Gentzen sequent calculus \ can be embedded into each other.
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  36.  77
    The World as Active Power: Studies in the History of European Reason.Juhani Pietarinen & Valtteri Viljanen (eds.) - 2009 - Leiden: Brill.
    This collection of essays discusses a central feature of European philosophy: the idea of a universal active power as the ultimate world-explanation.
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  37.  18
    On Explainable AI and Abductive Inference.Kyrylo Medianovskyi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2022 - Philosophies 7 (2):35.
    Modern explainable AI methods remain far from providing human-like answers to ‘why’ questions, let alone those that satisfactorily agree with human-level understanding. Instead, the results that such methods provide boil down to sets of causal attributions. Currently, the choice of accepted attributions rests largely, if not solely, on the explainee’s understanding of the quality of explanations. The paper argues that such decisions may be transferred from a human to an XAI agent, provided that its machine-learning algorithms perform genuinely abductive inferences. (...)
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  38.  62
    Peirce’s Contributions to Possible-Worlds Semantics.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2006 - Studia Logica 82 (3):345 - 369.
    A century ago, Charles S. Peirce proposed a logical approach to modalities that came close to possible-worlds semantics. This paper investigates his views on modalities through his diagrammatic logic of Existential Graphs (EGs). The contribution of the gamma part of EGs to the study of modalities is examined. Some ramifications of Peirce’s remarks are presented and placed into a contemporary perspective. An appendix is included that provides a transcription with commentary of Peirce’s unpublished manuscript on modality from 1901.
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  39. Moving pictures of thought II: Graphs, games, and pragmaticism's proof.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2011 - Semiotica 2011 (186):315-331.
    Peirce believed that his pragmaticism can be conclusively proven. Beginning in 1903, he drafted several attempts, ending by 1908 with a semeiotic proof. Around 1905, he exposes the proof using the theory of Existential Graphs . This paper modernizes the semantics Peirce proposed for EGs in terms of game-theoretic semantics . Peirce's 1905 proof is then reconstructed in three parts, by relating pragmaticism to the GTS conception of meaning, showing that Peirce's proof is an argument for a relational structure of (...)
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  40.  29
    Clinical Equipoise and Moral Leeway: An Epistemological Stance.Daniele Chiffi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2019 - Topoi 38 (2):447-456.
    Clinical equipoise has been proposed as an ethical principle relating uncertainty and moral leeway in clinical research. Although CE has traditionally been indicated as a necessary condition for a morally justified introduction of a new RCT, questions related to the interpretation of this principle remain woefully open. Recent proposals to rehabilitate CE have divided the bioethical community on its ethical merits. This paper presents a new argument that brings out the epistemological difficulties we encounter in justifying CE as a principle (...)
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  41. Some Logical Notations for Pragmatic Assertions.Massimiliano Carrara, Daniele Chiffi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2020 - Logique Et Analyse 251:297 - 315.
    The pragmatic notion of assertion has an important inferential role in logic. There are also many notational forms to express assertions in logical systems. This paper reviews, compares and analyses languages with signs for assertions, including explicit signs such as Frege’s and Dalla Pozza’s logical systems and implicit signs with no specific sign for assertion, such as Peirce’s algebraic and graphical logics and the recent modification of the latter termed Assertive Graphs. We identify and discuss the main ‘points’ of these (...)
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  42.  17
    Peirce’s Contributions to Possible-Worlds Semantics.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2006 - Studia Logica 82 (3):345-369.
    A century ago, Charles S. Peirce proposed a logical approach to modalities that came close to possible-worlds semantics. This paper investigates his views on modalities through his diagrammatic logic of Existential Graphs. The contribution of the GAMMA part of EGs to the study of modalities is examined. Some ramifications of Peirce's remarks are presented and placed into a contemporary perspective. An appendix is included that provides a transcription with commentary of Peirce's unpublished manuscript on modality from 1901.
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  43. Compositionality, Relevance, and Peirce’s Logic of Existential Graphs.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2005 - Axiomathes 15 (4):513-540.
    Charles S. Peirce’s pragmatist theory of logic teaches us to take the context of utterances as an indispensable logical notion without which there is no meaning. This is not a spat against compositionality per se , since it is possible to posit extra arguments to the meaning function that composes complex meaning. However, that method would be inappropriate for a realistic notion of the meaning of assertions. To accomplish a realistic notion of meaning (as opposed e.g. to algebraic meaning), Sperber (...)
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  44. Why Images Cannot be Arguments, But Moving Ones Might.Marc Champagne & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2020 - Argumentation 34 (2):207-236.
    Some have suggested that images can be arguments. Images can certainly bolster the acceptability of individual premises. We worry, though, that the static nature of images prevents them from ever playing a genuinely argumentative role. To show this, we call attention to a dilemma. The conclusion of a visual argument will either be explicit or implicit. If a visual argument includes its conclusion, then that conclusion must be demarcated from the premise or otherwise the argument will beg the question. If (...)
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  45.  53
    Games as formal tools versus games as explanations in logic and science.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2003 - Foundations of Science 8 (4):317-364.
    This paper addresses the theoretical notion of a game as it arisesacross scientific inquiries, exploring its uses as a technical andformal asset in logic and science versus an explanatory mechanism. Whilegames comprise a widely used method in a broad intellectual realm(including, but not limited to, philosophy, logic, mathematics,cognitive science, artificial intelligence, computation, linguistics,physics, economics), each discipline advocates its own methodology and aunified understanding is lacking. In the first part of this paper, anumber of game theories in formal studies are critically (...)
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  46.  1
    To Peirce Hintikka’s Thoughts.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2019 - Logica Universalis 13 (2):241-262.
    This paper compares Peirce’s and Hintikka’s logical philosophies and identifies a cross-section of similarities in their thoughts in the areas of action-first epistemology, pragmaticist meaning, philosophy of science, and philosophy of logic and mathematics.
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  47.  20
    Editorial Preface.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2015 - Synthese 192 (4):877-879.
    This special issue of Synthese on Peirce’s Logic and Philosophy of Language collects papers by Rocco Gangle & Gianluca Caterina, Chuangshen He, Risto Hilpinen, Matthew Moore, Charles S. Peirce, Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen and Frederik Stjernfelt.Charles Sanders Peirce was a scientist, philosopher, mathematician and semiotician, as well as one of the undisputed giants in the founding of modern logic. He advanced virtually endless areas in exact sciences. He worked throughout his long career as a scientist, logician, philosopher, mathematician, and meaning analyst. (...)
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  48.  17
    Peirce and Husserl: Mutual Insights on Logic, Mathematics and Cognition.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen & Mohammad Shafiei (eds.) - 2019 - Cham, Switzerland: Springer Verlag.
    This volume aims to provide the elements for a systematic exploration of certain fundamental notions of Peirce and Husserl in respect with foundations of science by means of drawing a parallelism between their works. Tackling a largely understudied comparison between these two contemporary philosophers, the authors highlight the significant similarities in some of their fundamental ideas. This volume consists of eleven chapters under four parts. The first part concerns methodologies and main principles of the two philosophers. An introductory chapter outlines (...)
  49. Intentional identity revisited.Ahti Pietarinen - 2010 - Nordic Journal of Philosophical Logic 6 (2):147-188.
    The problem of intentional identity, as originally offered by Peter Geach, says that there can be an anaphoric link between an indefinite term and a pronoun across a sentential boundary and across propositional attitude contexts, where the actual existence of an individual for the indefinite term is not presupposed. In this paper, a semantic resolution to this elusive puzzle is suggested, based on a new quantified intensional logic and game-theoretic semantics (GTS) of imperfect information. This constellation leads to an expressive (...)
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  50.  22
    Existential graphs as an instrument of logical analysis: Part I. alpha.Francesco Bellucci & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2016 - Review of Symbolic Logic 9 (2):209-237.
    Peirce considered the principal business of logic to be the analysis of reasoning. He argued that the diagrammatic system of Existential Graphs, which he had invented in 1896, carries the logical analysis of reasoning to the furthest point possible. The present paper investigates the analytic virtues of the Alpha part of the system, which corresponds to the sentential calculus. We examine Peirce’s proposal that the relation of illation is the primitive relation of logic and defend the view that this idea (...)
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