Results for 'Aagaard Jesper'

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  1.  39
    Media Multitasking, Attention, and Distraction: A Critical Discussion.Jesper Aagaard - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):885-896.
    Students often multitask with technologies such as computers, laptops, tablets and smartphones during class. Unfortunately, numerous empirical studies firmly establish a significant drop in academic performance caused by this media multitasking. In this paper it is argued that cognitive studies may have clarified the negative consequences of this activity, yet they struggle to address the processes involved in it. A cognitive characterization of attention as a mental phenomenon neglects the interaction between bodies and technologies, and it is suggested that a (...)
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  2.  10
    The Challenge of Integrating Justice and Care in Neonatal Nursing.E. O. C. Hall, B. S. Brinchmann & H. Aagaard - 2012 - Nursing Ethics 19 (1):80-90.
    The aim of this study was to explore neonatal nurses’and mothers of preterm infants’experiences of daily challenges. Interviews took place asking for good, bad and challenging experiences. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis and findings were clustered in two categories: good and challenging experiences, each containing three themes. The good experiences were: managing with success as a nurse, small things matter for mothers, and a good day anyhow for mothers and nurses. The challenging experiences were: mothering in public, being (...)
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  3.  1
    Patient Participation in Healthcare Practice in Greenland: Local Challenges and Global Reflections.Tine Aagaard & Tove Borg - 2018 - Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 19 (1):07-24.
    Various kinds of user and patient involvement are spreading in healthcare in most Western countries. The purpose of this study is to critically assess the actual conditions for patients’ involvement in healthcare practice in Greenland and to point to possibilities for development. Patients’ perspectives on their own conduct of everyday life with illness and their possibilities for participation when hospitalized are examined in relation to the conditions in a hospital setting dominated by biomedical practice. On a theoretical level, it is (...)
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  4.  10
    The Evolution of a National Research Funding System: Transformative Change Through Layering and Displacement.Kaare Aagaard - 2017 - Minerva 55 (3):279-297.
    This article outlines the evolution of a national research funding system over a timespan of more than 40 years and analyzes the development from a rather stable Humboldt-inspired floor funding model to a complex multi-tiered system where new mechanisms continually have been added on top of the system. Based on recent contributions to Historical Institutionalism it is shown how layering and displacement processes gradually have changed the funding system along a number of dimensions and thus how a series of minor (...)
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  5.  20
    On Instructional Science and Instructional Technology.Knud Aagaard - 1976 - Theory and Decision 7 (1-2):119-134.
  6.  17
    Chemical Castration of Danish Sex Offenders.Lise Aagaard - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (2):117-118.
    Surgical castration of sex offenders has been used in several countries to prevent sexual recidivism and is still practiced in several states in the United States. In Europe, it has remained in limited use in Germany and in the Czech Republic (Douglas et al. 2013). Since the 1960s, most jurisdictions have replaced irreversible surgical castration of sex offenders with reversible chemical castration with anti-androgen drugs. In Denmark, use of surgical castration was stopped in 1970, and since the late 1980s, serious (...)
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  7.  9
    Versprechen der Freiheit. Einige Überlegungen zur Idee der Freiheit als metaphysischer Grund bei Ernst Cassirer.Britta Aagaard - 2001 - SATS 2 (1):119-143.
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  8.  5
    Herbert Schnädelbach: Philosophie in der modernen Kultur. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2000, 283 Seiten.Britta Aagaard - 2000 - SATS 1 (2):184-191.
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  9. Parents’ Experiences of Neonatal Transfer. A Meta-Study of Qualitative Research 2000-2017.Hanne Aagaard, Elisabeth O. C. Hall, Mette S. Ludvigsen, Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt & Liv Fegran - 2018 - Nursing Inquiry 25 (3):e12231.
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  10. The Hidden Way: A Study in Modern Religious Esoterism.Johannes Aagaard - 2002 - Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers.
     
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  11. New Waves in Applied Ethics.Ryberg Jesper & Petersen Thomas (eds.) - 2008 - Palgrave.
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  12.  5
    Miriam Van Reijen, Lars Aagaard-Mogensen, Judy Wubnig, Philip L. Peterson.Miriam Van Reijen, Lars Aagaard-Mogensen, Judy Wubnig & Philip L. Peterson - 1988 - Philosophie Et Culture: Actes du XVIIe Congrès Mondial de Philosophie 5:615-615.
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  13.  22
    Jesper Lützen. Mechanistic Images in Geometric Form: Heinrich Hertz's Principles of Mechanics. [REVIEW]Christopher Pincock - 2008 - Philosophia Mathematica 16 (1):140-144.
    Philosophers unacquainted with the workings of actual scientific practice are prone to imagine that our best scientific theories deliver univocal representations of the physical world that we can use to calibrate our metaphysics and epistemology. Those few philosophers who are also scientists, like Heinrich Hertz , tend to contest this assumption. As Jesper Lützen relates in his scholarly and engaging book, Hertz's Principles of Mechanics contributed to a lively debate about the content of classical mechanics and what, if anything, (...)
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  14.  1
    Jesper Lützen. Mechanistic Images in Geometric Form: Heinrich Hertz's Principles of Mechanics. [REVIEW]Christopher Pincock - 2008 - Philosophia Mathematica 16 (1):140-144.
    Philosophers unacquainted with the workings of actual scientific practice are prone to imagine that our best scientific theories deliver univocal representations of the physical world that we can use to calibrate our metaphysics and epistemology. Those few philosophers who are also scientists, like Heinrich Hertz, tend to contest this assumption. As Jesper Lützen relates in his scholarly and engaging book, Hertz's Principles of Mechanics contributed to a lively debate about the content of classical mechanics and what, if anything, this (...)
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  15. Review of Jesper Jespersen’s Macroeconomic Methodology: A Post Keynesian Perspective, and of Luigi Pasinetti’s Keynes and the Cambridge Keynesians: A Revolution to Be Accomplished. [REVIEW]Roger Backhouse - 2010 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 3 (2):119-127.
    Jesper Jespersen’s Macroeconomic methodology: a post Keynesian perspective. Cheltenham : Edward Elgar, 2009, 272 pp. Luigi Pasinetti’s Keynes and the Cambridge Keynesians: a revolution to be accomplished. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009 [2007], 412 pp.
     
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  16.  45
    Normative Ethics: 5 Questions – Edited by Thomas S. Petersen and Jesper Ryberg.Johan Brännmark - 2008 - Theoria 74 (4):363-366.
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  17.  31
    Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation, Edited by Jakob Hohwy and Jesper Kallestrup. [REVIEW]D. Gene Witmer - 2011 - Mind 120 (479):882-888.
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  18.  22
    Jakob Hohwy and Jesper Kallestrup (Eds), Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation.M. I. Eronen - 2012 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (1):227-231.
    The notion of reduction continues to play an important role in contemporary analytic philosophy. Being Reduced is a collection of essays that not only presents novel contributions to our understanding of reduction, but also aims at finding connections between the debates in philosophy of mind and philosophy of science, which have surprisingly remained rather detached from each other. Being reduced succeeds in this difficult task, and is a very welcome addition to the growing philosophical literature on reduction.
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  19.  24
    Review of Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation – Jakob Hohwy and Jesper Kallestrup (Eds). [REVIEW]Ingo Brigandt - 2010 - Philosophical Quarterly 60 (241):873-875.
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  20.  15
    Jesper Lützen, Mechanistic Images in Geometric Form: Heinrich Hertz's Principles of Mechanics , University Press, Oxford (2005) XIII+318 Pp., £75.00 (Hardback), ISBN-13: 978-0-19-856737-. [REVIEW]Helmut Pulte - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 39 (3):702-704.
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  21.  7
    Jesper Lutzen, Mechanistic Images in Geometric Form. Heinrich Hertz's Principles of Mechanics.Luca Guzzardi - forthcoming - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia.
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  22.  3
    Jesper Lützen. Mechanistic Images in Geometric Form: Heinrich Hertz’s Principles of Mechanics. Xiii + 336 Pp., Illus., App., Bibl., Index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. [REVIEW]Frank Linhard - 2007 - Isis 98 (1):199-200.
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  23.  5
    The Book by Jesper Hoffmeyer is, to the Best of My Knowledge, the First Monograph (and Not a Mere Set of Articles by One or More Authors) on Biosemiotics. This Makes It Exceptionally Important Not Only for Laymen, but Also for Many Biologists and Philologists/Linguists, Often Ignorant of the Very Existence of Such a Neighbouring Discipline. The Book Under Review has an Additional Meaning and Importance Due to its Style, Which is Not Purely Academic Rather Written for the General Reader, and Thanks to ... [REVIEW]Sergey V. Chebanov - 1998 - Sign Systems Studies 26:417-424.
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  24.  8
    Review of Jakob Hohwy, Jesper Kallestrup (Eds.), Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation[REVIEW]Steven Horst - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (6).
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  25. A. Authors Vol. Page Aagaard-Mogensen, Lars: Unfakables 15, 97-104 Anz, Heinrich: Die Entstehung der Ontologie und die onto-logische Kritik der Kunst bei Plato 17, 101-120. [REVIEW]Mogens Blegvad, Natural Law & Niels Egmont Christensen - 1983 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 20:11-28.
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  26. Book Review: Recidivist Punishments: The Philosopher’s View, Edited by Claudio Tamburrini and Jesper Ryberg. [REVIEW]Zachary Hoskins - 2014 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 11 (4):531-534.
  27. "Contemporary Aesthetics in Scandinavia": Edited by Lars Aagaard-Mogensen and Göran Hermerén. [REVIEW]Colin Lyas - 1981 - British Journal of Aesthetics 21 (3):268.
     
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  28. "Culture and Art": Lars Aagaard-Morgensen. [REVIEW]Harold Osborne - 1976 - British Journal of Aesthetics 16 (4):377.
     
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  29. Biosemiotica I.” Ed. With “Biosemiotica II.” Guest-Ed. Jesper Hoffmeyer and Claus Emmeche, Special Issue.Thomas A. Sebeok - forthcoming - Semiotica.
     
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  30. "Text, Literature, and Aesthetics: In Honor of Monroe C. Beardsley": Edited by L. Aagaard-Morgensen and L. De Vos. [REVIEW]R. A. Sharpe - 1988 - British Journal of Aesthetics 28 (1):78.
     
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  31. Shaun Gallagher, Jesper Brøsted Sørensen. Experimenting with Phenomenology.Jonathan Smallwood, Leigh Riby, Derek Heim, John B. Davies, Julia Fisher, Elliot Hirshman, Thomas Henthorn, Jason Arndt, Anthony Passannante & Susan Pockett - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14:645-646.
  32. Semantic Externalism.Jesper Kallestrup - 2011 - Routledge.
    Semantic externalism is the view that the meanings of referring terms, and the contents of beliefs that are expressed by those terms, are not fully determined by factors internal to the speaker but are instead bound up with the environment. The debate about semantic externalism is one of the most important but difficult topics in philosophy of mind and language, and has consequences for our understanding of the role of social institutions and the physical environment in constituting language and the (...)
     
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  33. Twoja kompetentna rodzina.Jesper Juul - forthcoming - Mind.
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  34. Virtue Epistemology and Epistemic Twin Earth.Jesper Kallestrup & Duncan Pritchard - 2014 - European Journal of Philosophy 22 (3):335-357.
    A popular form of virtue epistemology—defended by such figures as Ernest Sosa, Linda Zagzebski and John Greco—holds that knowledge can be exclusively understood in virtue-theoretic terms. In particular, it holds that there isn't any need for an additional epistemic condition to deal with the problem posed by knowledge-undermining epistemic luck. It is argued that the sustainability of such a proposal is called into question by the possibility of epistemic twin earth cases. In particular, it is argued that such cases demonstrate (...)
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  35. Varieties of Externalism.J. Adam Carter, Jesper Kallestrup, S. Orestis Palermos & Duncan Pritchard - 2014 - Philosophical Issues 24 (1):63-109.
    Our aim is to provide a topography of the relevant philosophical terrain with regard to the possible ways in which knowledge can be conceived of as extended. We begin by charting the different types of internalist and externalist proposals within epistemology, and we critically examine the different formulations of the epistemic internalism/externalism debate they lead to. Next, we turn to the internalism/externalism distinction within philosophy of mind and cognitive science. In light of the above dividing lines, we then examine first (...)
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  36. Analogies, Moral Intuitions, and the Expertise Defence.Regina A. Rini - 2014 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 5 (2):169-181.
    The evidential value of moral intuitions has been challenged by psychological work showing that the intuitions of ordinary people are affected by distorting factors. One reply to this challenge, the expertise defence, claims that training in philosophical thinking confers enhanced reliability on the intuitions of professional philosophers. This defence is often expressed through analogy: since we do not allow doubts about folk judgments in domains like mathematics or physics to undermine the plausibility of judgments by experts in these domains, we (...)
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  37.  86
    Robust Virtue Epistemology and Epistemic Anti-Individualism.Jesper Kallestrup & Duncan Pritchard - 2012 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 93 (1):84-103.
    According to robust virtue epistemology, knowledge is a cognitive achievement, where this means that the agent's cognitive success is because of her cognitive ability. One type of objection to robust virtue epistemology that has been put forward in the contemporary literature is that this view has problems dealing with certain kinds of testimonial knowledge, and thus that it is in tension with standard views in the epistemology of testimony. We build on this critique to argue that insofar as agents epistemically (...)
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  38. Extended Cognition and Propositional Memory.J. Adam Carter & Jesper Kallestrup - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 92 (3):691-714.
    The philosophical case for extended cognition is often made with reference to ‘extended-memory cases’ ; though, unfortunately, proponents of the hypothesis of extended cognition as well as their adversaries have failed to appreciate the kinds of epistemological problems extended-memory cases pose for mainstream thinking in the epistemology of memory. It is time to give these problems a closer look. Our plan is as follows: in §1, we argue that an epistemological theory remains compatible with HEC only if its epistemic assessments (...)
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  39.  16
    The Semiome: From Genetic to Semiotic Scaffolding.Jesper Hoffmeyer - 2014 - Semiotica 2014 (198):11-31.
    Journal Name: Semiotica - Journal of the International Association for Semiotic Studies / Revue de l'Association Internationale de Sémiotique Volume: 2014 Issue: 198 Pages: 11-31.
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  40.  17
    Extended Circularity: A New Puzzle for Extended Cognition.Joseph Adam Carter & Jesper Kallestrup - 2018 - In Joseph Adam Carter, Andy Clark, Jesper Kallestrup, Spyridon Palermos & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Extended Epistemology. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press. pp. 42-63.
    Mainstream epistemology has typically taken for granted a traditional picture of the metaphysics of mind, according to which cognitive processes play out entirely within the bounds of the skull and skin. But this simple ‘intracranial’ picture is falling in- creasingly out of step with contemporary thinking in the philosophy of mind and cognitive science. Likewise, though, proponents of active exter- nalist approaches to the mind—e.g. the hypothesis of extended cognitition —have proceeded by and large without asking what epistemological ramifications should (...)
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  41. The Causal Exclusion Argument.Jesper Kallestrup - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 131 (2):459-85.
    Jaegwon Kim’s causal exclusion argument says that if all physical effects have sufficient physical causes, and no physical effects are caused twice over by distinct physical and mental causes, there cannot be any irreducible mental causes. In addition, Kim has argued that the nonreductive physicalist must give up completeness, and embrace the possibility of downward causation. This paper argues first that this extra argument relies on a principle of property individuation, which the nonreductive physicalist need not accept, and second that (...)
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  42. Experimenting with Phenomenology.Shaun Gallagher & Jesper B. Sorensen - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):119-134.
    We review the use of introspective and phenomenological methods in experimental settings. We distinguish different senses of introspection, and further distinguish phenomenological method from introspectionist approaches. Two ways of using phenomenology in experimental procedures are identified: first, the neurophenomenological method, proposed by Varela, involves the training of experimental subjects. This approach has been directly and productively incorporated into the protocol of experiments on perception. A second approach may have wider application and does not involve training experimental subjects in phenomenological method. (...)
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  43.  52
    Theses on Biosemiotics: Prolegomena to a Theoretical Biology.Kalevi Kull, Terrence Deacon, Claus Emmeche, Jesper Hoffmeyer & Frederik Stjernfelt - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (2):167-173.
    Theses on the semiotic study of life as presented here provide a collectively formulated set of statements on what biology needs to be focused on in order to describe life as a process based on semiosis, or sign action. An aim of the biosemiotic approach is to explain how life evolves through all varieties of forms of communication and signification (including cellular adaptive behavior, animal communication, and human intellect) and to provide tools for grounding sign theories. We introduce the concept (...)
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  44.  6
    Reconciling Current Approaches to Blindsight.Morten Overgaard & Jesper Mogensen - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 32:33-40.
  45.  35
    A Short History of Biosemiotics.Marcello Barbieri - 2009 - Biosemiotics 2 (2):221-245.
    Biosemiotics is the synthesis of biology and semiotics, and its main purpose is to show that semiosis is a fundamental component of life, i.e., that signs and meaning exist in all living systems. This idea started circulating in the 1960s and was proposed independently from enquires taking place at both ends of the Scala Naturae. At the molecular end it was expressed by Howard Pattee’s analysis of the genetic code, whereas at the human end it took the form of Thomas (...)
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  46. A Biosemiotic Approach to the Question of Meaning.Jesper Hoffmeyer - 2010 - Zygon 45 (2):367-390.
    A sign is something that refers to something else. Signs, whether of natural or cultural origin, act by provoking a receptive system, human or nonhuman, to form an interpretant (a movement or a brain activity) that somehow relates the system to this "something else." Semiotics sees meaning as connected to the formation of interpretants. In a biosemiotic understanding living systems are basically engaged in semiotic interactions, that is, interpretative processes, and organic evolution exhibits an inherent tendency toward an increase in (...)
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  47.  21
    Experimenting with Phenomenology.Shaun Gallagher & Jesper Brøsted Sørensen - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):119-134.
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  48. An Argument for the Inconsistency of Content Externalism and Epistemic Internalism.Duncan Pritchard & Jesper Kallestrup - 2004 - Philosophia 31 (3-4):345-354.
    Whereas a number of recent articles have focussed upon whether the thesis of content externalism is compatible with a certain sort of knowledge that is gained via first-person authority,1 far less attention has been given to the relationship that this thesis bears to the possession of knowledge in general and, in particular, its relation to internalist and externalist epistemologies. Nevertheless, although very few actual arguments have been presented to this end, there does seem to be a shared suspicion that content (...)
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  49.  50
    Epistemic Dependence and Cognitive Ability.Fernando Broncano-Berrocal - forthcoming - Synthese:1-18.
    In a series of papers, Jesper Kallestrup and Duncan Pritchard argue that the thesis that knowledge is a cognitive success because of cognitive ability is incompatible with the idea that whether or not an agent’s true belief amounts to knowledge can significantly depend upon factors beyond her cognitive agency. In particular, certain purely modal facts seem to preclude knowledge, while the contribution of other agents’ cognitive abilities seems to enable it. Kallestrup and Pritchard’s arguments are targeted against views that (...)
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  50. Bootstrap and Rollback: Generalizing Epistemic Circularity.Jesper Kallestrup - 2012 - Synthese 189 (2):395-413.
    Reliabilists accept the possibility of basic knowledge—knowledge that p in virtue of the reliability of some belief-producing process r without antecedent knowledge that r is reliable. Cohen (Philos Phenomenol Res 65:309–329, 2002 , Philos Phenomenol Res 70:417–430, 2005 ) and Vogel (J Philos 97:602–623, 2000 , J Philos 105:518–539, 2008 ) have argued that one can bootstrap knowledge that r is reliable from basic knowledge. This paper provides a diagnosis of epistemic bootstrapping, and then shows that recent attempts at embracing (...)
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