Results for 'Aaron E. Carroll'

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  1.  15
    The Impact of Defense Expenses in Medical Malpractice Claims.Aaron E. Carroll, Parul Divya Parikh & Jennifer L. Buddenbaum - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):135-142.
    The objective of this study was to take a closer look at defense-related expenses for medical malpractice cases over time. We conducted a retrospective review of medical malpractice claims reported to the Physician Insurers Association of America's Data Sharing Project with a closing date between January 1, 1985 and December 31, 2008. On average a medical malpractice claim costs more than $27,000 to defend. Claims that go to trial are much more costly to defend than are those that are dropped, (...)
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  2.  11
    The Impact of Defense Expenses in Medical Malpractice Claims.Aaron E. Carroll, Parul Divya Parikh & Jennifer L. Buddenbaum - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):135-142.
    Whenever health care reform is debated, the state of the medical professional liability system in the United States re-emerges as an issue of importance. What exactly is broken with the MPL system and what the implications are is a point of contention among different stakeholder groups. Recent data demonstrate that medical liability premiums have been improving in recent years and the majority of premiums remained flat in 2010. General agreement still exists, however, that medical professional liability insurance premiums have become (...)
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  3. Giving Patients Granular Control of Personal Health Information: Using an Ethics ‘Points to Consider’ to Inform Informatics System Designers.Eric M. Meslin, Sheri A. Alpert, Aaron E. Carroll, Jere D. Odell, William M. Tierney & Peter H. Schwartz - 2013 - International Journal of Medical Informatics 82:1136-1143.
    Objective: There are benefits and risks of giving patients more granular control of their personal health information in electronic health record (EHR) systems. When designing EHR systems and policies, informaticists and system developers must balance these benefits and risks. Ethical considerations should be an explicit part of this balancing. Our objective was to develop a structured ethics framework to accomplish this. -/- Methods: We reviewed existing literature on the ethical and policy issues, developed an ethics framework called a “Points to (...)
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  4.  8
    Pathways to Corporate Accountability: Corporate Reputation and Its Alternatives.Craig E. Carroll & Rowena Olegario - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 163 (2):173-181.
    The aim of our themed symposium is to explore the limits and possibilities of corporate reputation for enabling corporate accountability. We articulate three perspectives on corporate accountability. The communicative perspective equates accountability with disclosure and stakeholder engagement. The phenomenological perspective focuses on stakeholder expectations and reputation management. The consequential perspective focuses on effects/consequences. We then examine how corporate accountability is understood, how it relates to ideals, mission, and purpose, alternative pathways to corporate accountability, reputational consequences, and the role algorithms play (...)
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  5. Thomas Aquinas and William E. Carroll on Creatio Ex Nihilo: A Response to Joseph Hannon’s “Theological Objections to a Metaphysicalist Interpretation of Creation”.Ignacio Silva - 2021 - Theology and Science:01-09.
    Joseph Hannon has expressed a most surprising objection to Aquinas scholar Prof William E. Carroll in his latest paper “Theological Objections to a Metaphysicalist Interpretation of Creation.” The main claim is that Prof. Carroll misunderstands Aquinas' doctrine of creatio ex nihilo by reducing it to a metaphysical notion, rather than considering it in its full theological sense. In this paper I show Hannon's misinterpretation of Carroll's and Thomas Aquinas' thought, particularly by stressing the dependence that the doctrine (...)
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  6. The Effects of Instructors' Autonomy Support and Students' Autonomous Motivation on Learning Organic Chemistry: A Self‐Determination Theory Perspective.Aaron E. Black & Edward L. Deci - 2000 - Science Education 84 (6):740-756.
     
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  7. " How Are We Defining Our Terms Here?": Defining the Meaning of Terms in Bioethical Debates (Vol 33, Pg 533, 2008).Aaron E. Hinkley - 2009 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (1):91-91.
     
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  8.  30
    From the End-of-Life to the Possibility of Nonvoluntary Euthanasia of the Mentally Ill: Bioethics in a Broken Culture.Aaron E. Hinkley - 2013 - Christian Bioethics 19 (1):1-6.
  9.  41
    Introduction.Aaron E. Hinkley - 2006 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (4):325 – 331.
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  10.  23
    Kierkegaard's Ethics of Agape, the Secularization of the Public Square, and Bioethics.Aaron E. Hinkley - 2011 - Christian Bioethics 17 (1):54-63.
    Next SectionBecause of the radically incarnational nature of the Christian understanding of ethics and bioethics, according to Kierkegaard, there has always been an infinite gulf between Christian bioethics and secular bioethics. However, the process of the secularization of the public square has made this gulf more apparent and salient for the current ethical debates in biomedicine and the culture more generally.
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  11.  10
    “How Are We Defining Our Terms Here?”: The Defining the Semantic Meaning of Terms in Bioethical Debates.Aaron E. Hinkley - 2008 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (6):533-537.
  12.  48
    Environmental Factors Contributing to Wrongdoing in Medicine: A Criterion-Based Review of Studies and Cases.James M. DuBois, Emily E. Anderson, Kelly Carroll, Tyler Gibb, Elena Kraus, Timothy Rubbelke & Meghan Vasher - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (3):163 - 188.
    In this article we describe our approach to understanding wrongdoing in medical research and practice, which involves the statistical analysis of coded data from a large set of published cases. We focus on understanding the environmental factors that predict the kind and the severity of wrongdoing in medicine. Through review of empirical and theoretical literature, consultation with experts, the application of criminological theory, and ongoing analysis of our first 60 cases, we hypothesize that 10 contextual features of the medical environment (...)
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  13. A Questao da Natureza da Arte: As Teorias Históricas de Levinson E Carroll.Paula Mateus - 2010 - Philosophica -- Revista Do Departamento de Filosofia da Faculdade de Letras de Lisboa 36:85-92.
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  14. Aquinas, Thomas (1997) Aquinas on Creation. Trans. By Steven E. Baldner and William E. Carroll. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 166 Pp. Audi, Robert (1997) Moral Knowledge and Ethical Character. New York: Oxford University Press, 304 Pp. Bencivegna, Ermanno (1997) Freedom: A Dialogue. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett. [REVIEW]John Paul Ii & Christian Doctrine - 1998 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 43:191-193.
     
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  15. The Many Meanings/Aspects of Emotion: Definitions, Functions, Activation, and Regulation.Carroll E. Izard - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (4):363-370.
    Many psychological scientists and behavioral neuroscientists affirm that “emotion” influences thinking, decision-making, actions, social relationships, well-being, and physical and mental health. Yet there is no consensus on a definition of the word “emotion,” and the present data suggest that it cannot be defined as a unitary concept. Theorists and researchers attribute quite different yet heuristic meanings to “emotion.” They show considerable agreement about emotion activation, functions, and regulation. The central goal of this article is to alert researchers, students, and other (...)
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  16.  15
    Trial by Fury: The Polio Vaccine Controversy by Aaron E. Klein. [REVIEW]L. Williams - 1974 - Isis 65:543-544.
  17.  57
    Forms and Functions of Emotions: Matters of Emotion–Cognition Interactions.Carroll E. Izard - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (4):371-378.
    This article clarifies my current and seemingly ever-changing position on issues relating to emotions. The position derives from my differential emotions theory and it changes with new empirical findings and with insights from my own and others’ thinking and writing. The theory distinguishes between first-order emotions and emotion schemas. For example, it proposes that first-order negative emotions are attributable mainly to infants and young children in distress and to older individuals in emergency or highly challenging situations. Emotion schemas are defined (...)
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  18.  15
    The Politics of Survival in Foundations of Education: Borderlands, Frames, and Strategies.Aaron M. Kuntz & John E. Petrovic - 2011 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 47 (2):174-197.
  19.  11
    Basic Emotions, Relations Among Emotions, and Emotion-Cognition Relations.Carroll E. Izard - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (3):561-565.
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  20.  17
    Four Systems for Emotion Activation: Cognitive and Noncognitive Processes.Carroll E. Izard - 1993 - Psychological Review 100 (1):68-90.
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  21.  70
    Emotion Knowledge, Emotion Utilization, and Emotion Regulation.Carroll E. Izard, Elizabeth M. Woodburn, Kristy J. Finlon, E. Stephanie Krauthamer-Ewing, Stacy R. Grossman & Adina Seidenfeld - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (1):44-52.
    This article suggests a way to circumvent some of the problems that follow from the lack of consensus on a definition of emotion (Izard, 2010; Kleinginna & Kleinginna, 1981) and emotion regulation (Cole, Martin, & Dennis, 2004) by adopting a conceptual framework based on discrete emotions theory and focusing on specific emotions. Discrete emotions theories assume that neural, affective, and cognitive processes differ across specific emotions and that each emotion has particular motivational and regulatory functions. Thus, efforts at regulation should (...)
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  22.  31
    Anti-Reflexivity.Aaron M. McCright & Riley E. Dunlap - 2010 - Theory, Culture and Society 27 (2-3):100-133.
    The American conservative movement is a force of anti-reflexivity insofar as it attacks two key elements of reflexive modernization: the environmental movement and environmental impact science. Learning from its mistakes in overtly attacking environmental regulations in the early 1980s, this counter-movement has subsequently exercised a more subtle form of power characterized by non-decision-making. We examine the conservative movement’s efforts to undermine climate science and policy in the USA over the last two decades by using this second dimension of power. The (...)
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  23. Noël Carroll, Mystifying Movies: Fads and Fallacies in Contemporary Film Theory Reviewed By.Alex Neill & Aaron Ridley - 1990 - Philosophy in Review 10 (9):345-351.
     
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  24. Noël Carroll, Philosophical Problems of Classical Film Theory Reviewed By.Alex Neill & Aaron Ridley - 1990 - Philosophy in Review 10 (9):345-351.
     
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  25. Noël Carroll, Philosophical Problems of Classical Film Theory. [REVIEW]Alex Neill & Aaron Ridley - 1990 - Philosophy in Review 10:345-351.
     
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  26.  19
    Extending Emotion Science to the Study of Discrete Emotions in Infants.Carroll E. Izard, Elizabeth M. Woodburn & Kristy J. Finlon - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (2):134-136.
    Many emotion researchers would probably agree that at least some aspects of discrete emotions are evolutionarily conserved (e.g., the sensation/feeling component cannot be learned). Such agreement probably extends to the notion that aspects of emotions emerge in ontogeny as a function of developmental, learning, and cultural processes. Determining when and under what circumstances they emerge seems largely a matter for empirical research, though theories differ in their predictions and in the way they describe the relevant emotional-, cognitive-, and neuro-developmental processes.
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  27. More Meanings and More Questions for the Term “Emotion”.Carroll E. Izard - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (4):383-385.
    I am very appreciative of those who wrote comments on my article. They raised some interesting and some quite challenging questions. Their responses seem quite in synchrony with my focus and intent—to reveal some problems that we need to address in advancing emotion science. The authors of the commentaries reflected some of the same sort of differences among themselves as I found among the emotion scientists whom I surveyed in search of a definition of emotion. Like the emotion scientists who (...)
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  28.  19
    Fixing Education.Aaron M. Kuntz & John E. Petrovic - 2018 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 37 (1):65-80.
    In this article we consider the material dimensions of schooling as constitutive of the possibilities inherent in “fixing” education. We begin by mapping out the problem of “fixing education,” pointing to the necrophilic tendencies of contemporary education—a desire to kill what otherwise might be life-giving. In this sense, to “fix” education is to make otherwise fluid processes-of-living static. We next point to the material realities of this move to fix. After establishing the material consequences of perpetually fixing schools, we provide (...)
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  29.  23
    The Roles and Responsibilities of Physicians in Patients' Decisions About Unproven Stem Cell Therapies.Aaron D. Levine & Leslie E. Wolf - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):122-134.
    Capitalizing on the hype surrounding stem cell research, numerous clinics around the world offer “stem cell therapies” for a variety of medical conditions. Despite questions about the safety and efficacy of these interventions, anecdotal evidence suggests a relatively large number of patients are traveling to receive these unproven treatments — a practice called “stem cell tourism.” Because these unproven treatments pose risks to individual patients and to legitimate translational stem cell research, stem cell tourism has generated substantial policy concern and (...)
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  30.  29
    The Roles and Responsibilities of Physicians in Patients' Decisions About Unproven Stem Cell Therapies.Aaron D. Levine & Leslie E. Wolf - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):122-134.
    Stem cell science, using both embryonic and a variety of tissue-specific stem cells, is advancing rapidly and offers promise to improve medical care in the future. Yet, with the notable exception of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, a long-established approach to treating certain cancers of the blood system, this promise is long term and most stem cell research focuses on basic scientific questions or the collection of pre-clinical data. Although some clinical trials are underway, most are focused on safety, and novel (...)
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  31.  9
    The Emergence of Emotions and the Development of Consciousness in Infancy.Carroll E. Izard - 1980 - In J. M. Davidson & Richard J. Davidson (eds.), The Psychobiology of Consciousness. Plenum. pp. 193--216.
  32.  14
    Effects of Age, Dysphoria, and Emotion‐Focusing on Autobiographical Memory Specificity in Children.Ronan E. O'Carroll, Tim Dalgleish, Lyndsey E. Drummond, Barbara Dritschel & Arlene Astell - 2006 - Cognition and Emotion 20 (3-4):488-505.
  33.  30
    Delhi, Agra, Fatehpur Sikri.E. B., Martin Hurlimann, Jean Carroll & Isobel Hatton - 1967 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 87 (2):216.
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  34.  8
    Patient-Targeted Googling and Social Media: A Cross-Sectional Study of Senior Medical Students.Aaron N. Chester, Susan E. Walthert, Stephen J. Gallagher, Lynley C. Anderson & Michael L. Stitely - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):1-8.
    Background Social media and Internet technologies present several emerging and ill-explored issues for a modern healthcare workforce. One issue is patient-targeted Googling, which involves a healthcare professional using a social networking site or publicly available search engine to find patient information online. The study’s aim was to address a deficit in data and knowledge regarding PTG, and to investigate medical student use of SNSs due to a close association with PTG. Method The authors surveyed final year medical students at the (...)
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  35. W. E. Hocking, Living Religions and a World Faith, Hibbert Lectures. [REVIEW]R. I. Aaron - 1939 - Hibbert Journal 38:534.
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  36.  50
    New Books. [REVIEW]R. I. Aaron, L. J. Russell, S. V. Keeling, H. J. Paton, W. D. Lamont, T. E. Jessop, V. W. & A. C. Ewing - 1930 - Mind 39 (155):376-394.
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  37.  24
    Medicine and Its Alternatives Health Care Priorities in the Caribbean.Derrick E. Aarons - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (4):23-27.
  38.  29
    Patient-targeted Googling and social media: a cross-sectional study of senior medical students.Aaron N. Chester, Susan E. Walthert, Stephen J. Gallagher, Lynley C. Anderson & Michael L. Stitely - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):70.
    Social media and Internet technologies present several emerging and ill-explored issues for a modern healthcare workforce. One issue is patient-targeted Googling, which involves a healthcare professional using a social networking site or publicly available search engine to find patient information online. The study’s aim was to address a deficit in data and knowledge regarding PTG, and to investigate medical student use of SNSs due to a close association with PTG. The authors surveyed final year medical students at the Otago Medical (...)
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  39. Placebo-Controlled Manipulations of Testosterone Levels and Dominance.Ronal E. O'Carroll - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (3):382-383.
    Mazur & Booth present an intriguing model of the relationship between circulating testosterone levels and dominance behaviour in man, but their review of studies on testosterone–behaviour relationships in man is selective. Much of the evidence they cite is correlational in nature. Placebo-controlled manipulations of testosterone levels are required to test their hypothesis that dominance levels are testosterone-dependent in man. The changes in testosterone level that follow behavioural experience may be a consequence of stress. Testosterone levels in man are determined by (...)
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  40.  5
    Replies to Fileva, Jollimore, Carroll, and Mun.Aaron Ben-Ze'ev - 2020 - Journal of Philosophy of Emotion 2 (1):39-50.
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  41.  18
    Using Malpractice Claims to Identify Risk Factors for Neurological Impairment Among Infants Following Non‐Reassuring Fetal Heart Rate Patterns During Labour.Aaron S. Kesselheim, Martin T. November, Karen L. Lifford, Thomas F. McElrath, Ann L. Puopolo, E. John Orav & David M. Studdert - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (3):476-483.
  42.  45
    Emotions and Emotion Cognition Contribute to the Construction and Understanding of Mind.Carroll E. Izard - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):111-112.
    Carpendale & Lewis's (C&L's) interesting and insightful article did not integrate several potentially useful notions from emotion theory and research into their explanatory framework. I propose that emotions are indigenous elements of mind and that children's understanding of them is fundamental to their understanding of the mental life of self and others, understandings critical to the development of social and emotional competence.
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  43. Understanding Research Misconduct: A Comparative Analysis of 120 Cases of Professional Wrongdoing.James Dubois, Emily E. Anderson, John Chibnall, Kelly Carroll, Tyler Gibb, Chiji Ogbuka & Timothy Rubbelke - 2013 - Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance 5 (20):320-338.
  44.  41
    God's Iconoclasm.Carroll E. Simcox - 1991 - The Chesterton Review 17 (3/4):546-547.
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  45.  87
    Lewis Carroll's Logical Paradox.E. E. C. Jones - 1905 - Mind 14 (53):146-148.
  46. Is Death the End? The Christian Answer.Carroll E. Simcox - 1959
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  47. They Met at Philippi: A Devotional Commentary on Philippians.Carroll E. Simcox - 1958
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  48.  24
    Improving State Medical Board Policies: Influence of a Model.Aaron M. Gilson, David E. Joranson & Martha A. Maurer - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (1):119-129.
    Despite advances in medical knowledge regarding pain management, pain continues to be significantly undertreated in the United States. There are many drug and nondrug treatments, but the use of controlled substances, particularly the opioid analgesics, is universally accepted for the treatment of pain from cancer. Although opioid analgesics are safe and effective in treating chronic pain, there is continued research and discussion about patient selection and long-term effects. A number of barriers in the health care and drug regulatory systems account (...)
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  49.  68
    Brain, Emotions, and Emotion-Cognition Relations.Carroll E. Izard, Christopher J. Trentacosta & Kristen A. King - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):208-209.
    Lewis makes a strong case for the interdependence and integration of emotion and cognitive processes. Yet, these processes exhibit considerable independence in early life, as well as in certain psychopathological conditions, suggesting that the capacity for their integration emerges as a function of development. In some circumstances, the concept of highly interactive emotion and cognitive systems seems a viable alternative hypothesis to the idea of systems integration.
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  50.  31
    The Emergence, Variation, and Evolution of Corporate Social Responsibility in the Public Sphere, 1980–2004: The Exposure of Firms to Public Debate. [REVIEW]Sun Young Lee & Craig E. Carroll - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (1):115-131.
    This study examined the emergence of corporate social responsibility (CSR) as a public issue over 25 years using a content analysis of two national news- papers and seven regional, geographically-dispersed newspapers in the U.S. The present study adopted a comprehensive definition encompassing all four CSR dimensions: economic, ethical, legal, and philanthropic. This study examined newspaper editorials, letters to the editor, op-ed columns, news analyses, and guest columns for three aspects: media attention, media prominence, and media valence. Results showed an increase (...)
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