Results for 'Aaron Elliott'

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Aaron P. Elliott
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
  1.  92
    Reasons, Dispositions, and Value.Aaron P. Elliott - 2017 - Philosophers' Imprint 17.
    In this paper, I will discuss an objection to Buck-Passing accounts of value, such as Reasons Fundamentalism. Buck-Passing views take value to be derivative of or reducible to reasons. The objection is that since there can be value in possible worlds in which there are no reasons, value must not be ontologically derivative of reasons. Thus, BP is false. In this paper, I show that by accepting a dispositionalist revision, BP can allow such worlds while maintaining that reasons are interestingly (...)
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  2. Can Moral Principles Explain Supervenience?Aaron Elliott - 2014 - Res Philosophica 91 (4):629-659.
    The distribution of moral properties supervenes on the distribution of natural properties, and this provides a puzzle for non-naturalism: what could explain supervenience if moral properties are not natural properties? Enoch claims moral principles explain supervenience. But this solution is incomplete without an account of what moral principles and properties are, and what relation holds between them. This paper begins to develop such an account by exploring analogous issues for Realism about Laws of nature in philosophy of science. Appealing to (...)
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  3.  22
    Author Responds to "Review of Carl Elliott, Better Than Well: American Medicine Meets the American Dream" by Paul Root Wolpe.Carl Elliott - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):38-38.
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  4.  16
    Imagination in the Experience of Art: R. K. Elliott.R. K. Elliott - 1972 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 6:88-105.
    In this paper I shall not be concerned with the imagination as insight, but only with certain aspects of ‘magical’ imagination, that division of the concept which centres upon the notion of an image. In the Philosophical Investigations Wittgenstein makes the extremely interesting remark that when a printed triangle is seen, for instance, as a mountain, it is as if an image came into contact, and for a time remained in contact, with the visual impression. He goes on to say (...)
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  5.  19
    Journalistic Truth: An Essay Review by Deni Elliott.Deni Elliott - 1994 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 9 (3):184 – 186.
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  6.  9
    The Aim of This Chapter is to Help Readers Understand Their Responsibilities as Persons and as Journalists, and to Provide Them with a Framework for Addressing the Ethical Issues That Routinely Arise in the Practice of Journalism. Our Approach, Which is Informed by the Basic Tenets of Western Ethical Tradi-Tions and Which Borrows From Ozar's and Elliott's Previous Works, Develops From the Abstract to the Concrete. 1 That is, We Move From a Discussion of the Purpose of Journalism, and the Specific Values ... [REVIEW]Deni Elliott - 2010 - In Christopher Meyers (ed.), Journalism Ethics: A Philosophical Approach. Oxford University Press. pp. 9.
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  7. Book Review: Journalistic Truth: An Essay Review by Deni Elliott[REVIEW]Deni Elliott - 1994 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 9 (3):184 – 186.
     
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  8.  70
    How Values in Scientific Discovery and Pursuit Alter Theory Appraisal.Kevin Elliott & Daniel McKaughan - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (5):598-611.
    Philosophers of science readily acknowledge that nonepistemic values influence the discovery and pursuit of scientific theories, but many tend to regard these influences as epistemically uninteresting. The present paper challenges this position by identifying three avenues through which nonepistemic values associated with discovery and pursuit in contemporary pollution research influence theory appraisal: (1) by guiding the choice of questions and research projects, (2) by altering experimental design, and (3) by affecting the creation and further investigation of theories or hypotheses. This (...)
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  9. A Tapestry of Values: An Introduction to Values in Science.Kevin C. Elliott - 2017 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The role of values in scientific research has become an important topic of discussion in both scholarly and popular debates. Pundits across the political spectrum worry that research on topics like climate change, evolutionary theory, vaccine safety, and genetically modified foods has become overly politicized. At the same time, it is clear that values play an important role in science by limiting unethical forms of research and by deciding what areas of research have the greatest relevance for society. Deciding how (...)
     
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  10.  27
    The New Individualism and Contemporary Japan: Theoretical Avenues and the Japanese New Individualist Path.Anthony Elliott, Masataka Katagiri & Atsushi Sawai - 2012 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 42 (4):425-443.
    Recent social theory has identified various institutional forces operating at a global level promoting novel trends towards “individualization”, “reflexive self-identity” and “new individualism” (Beck and Beck-Gernsheim, 2001; Giddens, 1991, 1992; Elliott and Lemert, 2009, 2009a). This article develops an exploratory overview of the theory of new individualism with reference to Japanese sociologies of self specifically and contemporary Japanese society more generally. Detailing the large-scale societal shift in Japan from traditional forms of identity-construction (based on a citizenship model of social (...)
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  11.  31
    Slow Cures and Bad Philosophers: Essays on Wittgenstein, Medicine, and Bioethics.Carl Elliott (ed.) - 2001 - Duke University Press.
    _Slow Cures and Bad Philosophers_ uses insights from the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein to rethink bioethics. Although Wittgenstein produced little formal writing on ethics, this volume shows that, in fact, ethical issues permeate the entirety of his work. The scholars whom Carl Elliott has assembled in this volume pay particular attention to Wittgenstein’s concern with the thick context of moral problems, his suspicion of theory, and his belief in description as the real aim of philosophy. Their aim is not (...)
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  12.  28
    Electrophysiological Correlates of Flicker-Induced Color Hallucinations.Cordula Becker, Klaus Gramann, Hermann J. Müller & Mark A. Elliott - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):266-276.
    In a recent study, Becker and Elliott [Becker, C., & Elliott, M. A. . Flicker induced color and form: Interdependencies and relation to stimulation frequency and phase. Consciousness & Cognition, 15, 175–196] described the appearance of subjective experiences of color and form induced by stimulation with intermittent light. While there have been electroencephalographic studies of similar hallucinatory forms, brain activity accompanying the appearance of hallucinatory colors was never measured. Using a priming procedure where observers were required to indicate (...)
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  13. Reflecting Where the Action Is: The Selected Works.John Elliott - 2006 - Routledge.
    Professor John Elliott has spent the last 30 years researching, thinking and writing about some of the key and enduring issues in Education Research and Action Research. He has contributed over 25 books and 600 articles to the field. In this book, he brings together over 16 of his key writings, in one place. Starting with a specially written Introduction, which gives an overview of Professor Elliott's career and contextualizes his selection, the chapters cover: · Rethinking Educational Research (...)
     
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  14.  52
    Social Theory Since Freud: Traversing Social Imaginaries.Anthony Elliott - 2004 - Routledge.
    In this compelling book, Anthony Elliott traces the rise of psychoanalysis from the Frankfurt School to postmodernism, exploring in detail the social and political factors that have led intellectuals to draw from the insights of Freud. Examining how pathbreaking theorists such as Adorno, Marcuse, Lacan and Lyotard have deployed psychoanalysis to politicize issues like desire, sexuality, repression and identity, Elliott develops a powerful assessment of the gains and losses arising from this appropriation of psychoanalysis in social theory and (...)
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  15.  7
    The Ethics of Asking: Dilemmas in Higher Education Fund Raising.Deni Elliott (ed.) - 1995 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    & A college development officer is offered a generous gift by a donor whose identity would embarrass the institution. Should the development officer accept? & A volunteer lies about his level of giving, but classmates believe him and match his "gift." Should donors be told the truth? & A development officer must explain to a donor the difference between naming an endowed chair and selecting the person to fill the chair. Where is the line between reasonable donor expectations and intrusion? (...)
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  16. The New Individualism: The Emotional Costs of Globalization Revised Edition.Anthony Elliott & Prof Charles Lemert - 2009 - Routledge.
    This is a new and revised edition of a book which has had a major impact upon the social sciences and public political debate. Anthony Elliott and Charles Lemert's THE NEW INDIVIDUALISM inspired readers with the dramatic suggestion that 'the reinvention craze' - from self-help and therapy culture to management restructurings and corporate downsizings - is central to a 'new individualism' sweeping the globe. Giving particular attention to the narratives of people seeking to define anew their lives in an (...)
     
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  17. Reply to Elliott: In Defense of the Good Cause Account.Aaron Smuts - 2013 - Film and Philosophy 17:47-57.
    Jay Elliott raises an important objection to the central claim of my paper "It’s a Wonderful Life: Pottersville and the Meaning of Life.” There I defend the good cause account (GCA) of the meaning of life. GCA holds that one's life is meaningful to the extent that one is causally responsible for objective good. Elliott argues that although GCA correctly implies that George Bailey lives a meaningful life, it might also imply that Potter's life is meaningful. But this (...)
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  18.  61
    Varieties of Exploratory Experimentation in Nanotoxicology.Kevin Elliott - 2007 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 29 (3):313 - 336.
    There has been relatively little effort to provide a systematic overview of different forms of exploratory experimentation (EE). The present paper examines the growing subdiscipline of nanotoxicology and suggests that it illustrates at least four ways that researchers can engage in EE: searching for regularities; developing new techniques, simulation models, and instrumentation; collecting and analyzing large swaths of data using new experimental strategies (e.g., computer-based simulation and "high-throughput" instrumentation); and structuring an entire disciplinary field around exploratory research agendas. In order (...)
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  19.  32
    Error as Means to Discovery.Kevin Elliott - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (2):174-197.
    This paper argues, first, that recent studies of experimentation, most notably by Deborah Mayo, provide the conceptual resources to describe scientific discovery's early stages as error-probing processes. Second, it shows that this description yields greater understanding of those early stages, including the challenges that they pose, the research strategies associated with them, and their influence on the rest of the discovery process. Throughout, the paper examines the phenomenon of "chemical hormesis" (i.e., anomalous low-dose effects from toxic chemicals) as a case (...)
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  20. Mental Illness and its Limits.Carl Elliott - 2004 - In Jennifer Radden (ed.), The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 426.
     
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  21.  21
    Educational Research as a Form of Democratic Rationality.John Elliott - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (2):169–185.
  22. New Books. [REVIEW]R. I. Aaron - 1936 - Mind 45 (178):283-287.
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  23.  78
    An Ethics of Expertise Based on Informed Consent.Kevin C. Elliott - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (4):637-661.
    Ethicists widely accept the notion that scientists have moral responsibilities to benefit society at large. The dissemination of scientific information to the public and its political representatives is central to many of the ways in which scientists serve society. Unfortunately, the task of providing information can often give rise to moral quandaries when scientific experts participate in politically charged debates over issues that are fraught with uncertainty. This paper develops a theoretical framework for an “ethics of expertise” (EOE) based on (...)
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  24. Does Dyslexia Exist?Julian G. Elliott & Simon Gibbs - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 42 (3-4):475-491.
    In this paper we argue that attempts to distinguish between categories of 'dyslexia' and 'poor reader' or 'reading disabled' are scientifically unsupportable, arbitrary and thus potentially discriminatory. We do not seek to veto scientific curiosity in examining underlying factors in reading disability, for seeking greater understanding of the relationship between visual symbols and spoken language is crucial. However, while stressing the potential of genetics and neuroscience for guiding assessment and educational practice at some stage in the future, we argue that (...)
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  25. New Books. [REVIEW]A. E. Taylor, T. E. Jessop, A. K. Stout, E. J. Thomas, R. I. Aaron, F. C. S. Schiller & John Laird - 1931 - Mind 40 (159):386-403.
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  26.  27
    All is Not Relative: Essential Shared Values and the Press.Deni Elliott - 1988 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 3 (1):28 – 32.
    Reporters and editors share values. If there were no shared values essential to the practice of journalism, it would be impossible to distinguish a journalist from other mass communicators. The set of journalistic values provides the base for an argument that journalists are pluralists, not relativists.
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  27.  77
    Getting Mill Right.Deni Elliott - 2007 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 22 (2-3):100 – 112.
    Utilitarianism and its principal architect, John Stuart Mill, are staples of media ethics teaching and analysis. However, utilitarianism, in its usual presentation, is offered as a simplistic arithmetic formula: Do the greatest good for the greatest number. This quantification approach, when attached to Mill, misinterprets this philosopher and robs media ethics discussions of the rich reflection that an important classical theory can bring. Mill is a particularly suitable philosopher for presentation to students of journalism and mass communication. Mill provides a (...)
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  28. New Books. [REVIEW]R. J. Aaron - 1932 - Mind 41 (163):283-287.
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  29. New Books. [REVIEW]R. I. Aaron - 1935 - Mind 44 (173):283-287.
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  30.  97
    Contemporary Social Theory: An Introduction.Anthony Elliott - 2009 - Routledge.
    This book is arguably the definitive undergraduate textbook on contemporary social theory.
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  31.  18
    Who Holds the Leash?Carl Elliott - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):48.
  32. New Books. [REVIEW]R. I. Aaron & John Wisdom - 1945 - Mind 54 (215):280-282.
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  33.  65
    Ethics in the First Person: A Guide to Teaching and Learning Practical Ethics.Deni Elliott - 2006 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Practical ethics in context -- Teaching and learning ethics in an ethical environment -- Aspirations, activities, and assessment -- The theoretical toolkit -- Systematic case analysis -- Relativism and moral development -- A bridge across cultures.
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  34.  19
    Conceptual Clarification and Policy-Related Science: The Case of Chemical Hormesis.Kevin Elliott - 2000 - Perspectives on Science 8 (4):346-366.
    : This paper examines the epistemological warrant for a toxicological phenomenon known as chemical hormesis. First, it argues that conceptual confusion contributes significantly to current disagreements about the status of chemical hormesis as a biological hypothesis. Second, it analyzes seven distinct concepts of chemical hormesis, arguing that none are completely satisfactory. Finally, it suggests three ramifications of this analysis for ongoing debates about the epistemological status of chemical hormesis. This serves as a case study supporting the value of philosophical methodologies (...)
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  35.  21
    Black and White and Shades of Gray: A Portrait of the Ethical Professor.Mary Birch, Deni Elliott & Mary A. Trankel - 1999 - Ethics and Behavior 9 (3):243 – 261.
  36. The Tyranny of Expertise.Carl Elliott - 2007 - In Lisa A. Eckenwiler & Felicia Cohn (eds.), The Ethics of Bioethics: Mapping the Moral Landscape. Johns Hopkins University Press.
     
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  37.  65
    The Common Sense View of Sense-Perception.R. I. Aaron - 1958 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 58:1-14.
  38. Althusser: The Detour of Theory.Gregory Elliott - 1987 - Verso.
  39. New Books. [REVIEW]R. I. Aaron - 1953 - Mind 62 (246):283-287.
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  40.  20
    Epistemology as Ethics in Research and Policy: The Use of Case Studies.John Elliott & Dominik Lukeš - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 42 (s1):87-119.
    This article examines the ethnographic case study in education in the context of policy making with particular emphasis on the practice of research and policy making. The central claim of the article is that it is impossible to establish a transcendental epistemology of the case study on instrumental rationality. Instead it argues for the notion of situated judgement that needs to be made by practitioners in context, practitioners being both researchers and policy makers. In other words, questions about the level (...)
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  41.  29
    Is the Theory of Natural Selection Unprincipled? A Reply to Shimony.Sober Elliott - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (3):275-279.
  42.  86
    Theories of Community in Habermas, Nancy and Agamben: A Critical Evaluation.Brian Elliott - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (6):893-903.
    Continental philosophy over the past two decades has increasingly turned its attention to social and political matters. Two key figures involved in this move, Jean-Luc Nancy and Giorgio Agamben, have advanced a position centering on the idea of singular community . This article sets out the basic features of this idea and contrasts it with Habermas' theory of communicative or dialogical community . Habermas is open to the criticism that his theory of community is constructed according to an unduly narrow (...)
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  43.  23
    A Novel Account of Scientific Anomaly: Help for the Dispute Over Low‐Dose Biochemical Effects.Kevin C. Elliott - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):790-802.
    The biological effects of low doses of toxic and carcinogenic chemicals are currently a matter of significant scientific controversy. This paper argues that philosophers of science can contribute to alleviating this controversy by examining it with the aid of a novel account of scientific anomaly. Specifically, analysis of contemporary research on chemical hormesis (i.e., alleged beneficial biological effects produced by low doses of substances that are harmful at higher doses) suggests that scientists may initially describe anomalous phenomena in terms of (...)
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  44.  65
    Defining and Analyzing Journalistic Deception.Deni Elliott & Charles Culver - 1992 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 7 (2):69 – 84.
    Many journalists, readers and scholars exhibit confusion concerning the nature and justification of deception. In this article, we clarify those acts that should count as deception. Before discussing if any cases of deception can be construed as morally justified, we clarify which investigative, interrogative, and information-giving techniques are deceptive on their face. We also bracket borderline cases.
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  45.  14
    Prefrontal Cortex and the Generation of Oscillatory Visual Persistence.Mark A. Elliott, Markus Conci & Hermann J. Müller - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):733-734.
    In this commentary, the formation of “pre-iconic” visual-prime persistence is described in the context of prime-specific, independent-component activation at prefrontal and posterior EEG-recording sites. Although this activity subserves neural systems that are near identical to those described by Ruchkin and colleagues, we consider priming to be a dynamic process, identified with patterns of coherence and temporal structure of very high precision.
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  46. Subject to Ourselves: Social Theory, Psychoanalysis, and Postmodernity.Anthony Elliott - 1996 - Polity Press.
  47.  31
    Moral Insanity and Practical Reason.Carl Elliott & Grant Gillett - 1992 - Philosophical Psychology 5 (1):53 – 67.
    The psychopathic personality disorder historically has been thought to include an insensitivity to morality. Some have thought that the psychopath's insensitivity indicates that he does not understand morality, but the relationship between the psychopath's defects and moral understanding has been unclear. We attempt to clarify this relationship, first by arguing that moral understanding is incomplete without concern for morality, and second, by showing that the psychopath demonstrates defects in frontal lobe activity which indicate impaired attention and adaptation to environmental conditions (...)
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  48.  34
    Norton's Conception of Sustainability: Political, Not Metaphysical?Kevin Elliott - 2007 - Environmental Ethics 29 (1):3-22.
    In his new book, Sustainability: A Philosophy of Adaptive Ecosystem Management, Bryan G. Norton proposes an account of sustainability grounded in the deliberation of local communities as part of an adaptive management process. One can distinguish two different ways of justifying his account—resulting in “political” and “metaphysical” conceptions of sustainability—in much the same way that John Rawls famously distinguishes between political and metaphysical conceptions of justice. Whereas the metaphysical conception of sustainability depends on principles that are specific to American pragmatist (...)
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  49.  67
    New Books. [REVIEW]P. Leon, R. I. Aaron & T. Whittaker - 1932 - Mind 41 (163):385-399.
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  50.  48
    The Unity of Kant's ‘Critique of Aesthetic Judgement’.R. K. Elliott - 1968 - British Journal of Aesthetics 8 (3):244-259.
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