Results for 'Aaron Sidney Wright'

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Profile: Aaron Sidney Wright (Stanford University)
  1.  8
    The Physics of Forgetting: Thermodynamics of Information at IBM 1959–1982.Aaron Sidney Wright - 2016 - Perspectives on Science 24 (1):112-141.
    This paper charts conceptual shifts in the development of the thermo-dynamics of information as practiced at IBM from 1959 to 1982. It begins with a careful examination of how disembodied formal concepts like information were merged with physical concepts like volume and entropy in 1959 at IBM in a discourse about the fundamental limits of computing. A logical operation called “RESTORE TO ONE” became “erasure” and was equivalent to the erasing of logical histories; these logical entities were taken to reside (...)
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  2.  3
    “I Hold Every Properly Qualified Navigator to Be a Philosopher”: The Making of the U.S. Naval Observatory's Global Laboratory.Aaron Sidney Wright - 2010 - Spontaneous Generations 3 (1):82-94.
    This paper presents the data gathering of Matthew Fontine Maury at the U.S. Naval Observatory as pushing an epistemic boundary outside traditional laboratory walls. Maury's use and control of civilian navigators explicates the development of an astronomic epistemology deeply embedded in nineteenth century American society. In conclusion, following the movement of epistemic boundaries is offered as a guide to crucial moments in the development of a multifaceted modernity.
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  3.  46
    Towards a Design-Based Analysis of Emotional Episodes.Ian Wright, Aaron Sloman & Luc Beaudoin - 1996 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 3 (2):101-126.
    he design-based approach is a methodology for investigating mechanisms capable of generating mental phenomena, whether introspectively or externally observed, and whether they occur in humans, other animals or robots. The study of designs satisfying requirements for autonomous agency can provide new deep theoretical insights at the information processing level of description of mental mechanisms. Designs for working systems (whether on paper or implemented on computers) can systematically explicate old explanatory concepts and generate new concepts that allow new and richer interpretations (...)
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  4.  14
    Response to the Commentaries.Ian Wright, Aaron Sloman & Luc J. Beaudoin - 1996 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 3 (2):137-137.
  5. Original Letters of John Locke, Alg. Sidney, and Lord Shaftesbury with an Analytical Sketch of the Writings and Opinions of Locke and Other Metaphysicians.John Locke, T. Forster, Anthony Ashley Cooper Shaftesbury & Algernon Sidney - 1847 - Privately Printed.
     
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  6. Frank Lloyd Wright Collected Writings Including an Autobiography.Frank Lloyd Wright & Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer - 1992 -
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  7. In the Cause of Architecture, Frank Lloyd Wright Essays.Frank Lloyd Wright, Frederick Albert Gutheim & Andrew Devane - 1987 -
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  8.  4
    I—Crispin Wright: Warrant for Nothing ?Crispin Wright - 2004 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 78 (1):167-212.
  9.  21
    Self-Knowledge: The Wittgensteinian Legacy: Crispin Wright.Crispin Wright - 1998 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 43:101-122.
    It is only in fairly recent philosophy that psychological self-knowledge has come to be seen as problematical; once upon a time the hardest philosophical difficulties all seemed to attend our knowledge of others. But as philosophers have canvassed various models of the mental that would make knowledge of other minds less intractable, so it has become unobvious how to accommodate what once seemed evident and straightforward–the wide and seemingly immediate cognitive dominion of minds over themselves.
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  10.  8
    Anti-Realist Semantics: The Role of Criteria: Crispin Wright.Crispin Wright - 1982 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 13:225-248.
    §I. Anti-realism of the sort which Michael Dummett has expounded takes issue with the traditional idea that an understanding of any statement is philosophically correctly analysed as involving grasp of conditions necessary and sufficient for its truth. Many kinds of statement to which, as we ordinarily think, we attach a clear sense would have to be represented, according to this tradition, as possessing verification-transcendent truth-conditions; if true that is to say, they would be so in virtue of circumstances of a (...)
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  11. Words and Intentions: Edmond L. Wright.Edmond L. Wright - 1977 - Philosophy 52 (199):45-62.
    The relationship of word-meaning to speaker's-meaning has not been examined thoroughly enough. Some philosophical problems are solved and others made plainer if the full consequences of a proper relationship between these two is worked out.
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  12.  10
    Book Review:General Introduction to Ethics. William Kelley Wright[REVIEW]H. W. Wright - 1930 - Ethics 40 (3):443-.
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  13.  3
    Utopia Girls: A Conversation with Clare Wright.Clare Wright - 2012 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 20 (3):6.
  14. Original Letters of Locke; Algernon Sidney; and Anthony, Lord Shaftesbury, Author of the"Characteristics". With an Analytical Sketch of the Writings and Opinions of Locke and Other Metaphysicians.T. Forster, John Locke, Algernon Sidney & Anthony Ashley Cooper Shaftesbury - 1830 - J.B. Nichols and Son.
     
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  15. Evaluative Concepts and Objective Values: Rand on Moral Objectivity: Darryl F. Wright.Darryl F. Wright - 2008 - Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):149-181.
    Those familiar with Ayn Rand's ethical writings may know that she discusses issues in metaethics, and that she defended the objectivity of morality during the heyday of early non-cognitivism. But neither her metaethics, in general, nor her views on moral objectivity, in particular, have received wide study. This article elucidates some aspects of her thought in these areas, focusing on Rand's conception of the way in which moral values serve a biologically based human need, and on her account of moral (...)
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  16. Elizur Wright, the Father of Life Insurance.Philip Green Wright & Elizabeth Q. Wright - 1937 - Science and Society 1 (3):443-444.
     
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  17. Georg Henrik von Wright: Truth-Logics.Von Wright - 1987 - Logique Et Analyse 30.
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  18. Georg Henrik von Wright: Rationality: Means and End.Von Wright - 1986 - Epistemologia 9.
  19. Georg Henrik von Wright: Is There a Logic of Norms.Von Wright - 1991 - Ratio Juris 4.
     
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  20. General Introduction to Ethics. By H. W. Wright[REVIEW]W. K. Wright - 1929 - Ethics 40:443.
     
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  21. General Introduction to EthicsWilliam Kelley Wright.H. W. Wright - 1930 - International Journal of Ethics 40 (3):443-445.
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  22. MEGGLE (1989). Georg Henrik von Wright und Georg Meggle: Das Verstehen von Handlungen (Münsteraner Disputation).Von Wright - 1989 - Rechtstheorie 20.
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  23. Baby Aaron and the Elders.Ellen Wright Clayton & Eric Kodish - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (5):20 - discussion.
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  24. Case Study: Baby Aaron and the Elders.Ellen Wright Clayton & Eric Kodish - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
     
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  25. The American Evasion of Philosophy: A Genealogy of Pragmatism.Cornel West - 1989 - University of Wisconsin Press.
    Taking Emerson as his starting point, Cornel West’s basic task in this ambitious enterprise is to chart the emergence, development, decline, and recent resurgence of American pragmatism. John Dewey is the central figure in West’s pantheon of pragmatists, but he treats as well such varied mid-century representatives of the tradition as Sidney Hook, C. Wright Mills, W. E. B. Du Bois, Reinhold Niebuhr, and Lionel Trilling. West’s "genealogy" is, ultimately, a very personal work, for it is imbued throughout (...)
     
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  26. Problems of Wright's Entitlement Theory.Luca Moretti - forthcoming - In Peter Graham & Nikolaj Pedersen (eds.), Epistemic Entitlement. Oxford University Press.
    I am concerned with Crispin Wright (2004, 2008, 2012 and 2014)’s entitlement theory, according to which (1) we have non-evidential justification for accepting propositions of a general type, which Wright calls cornerstones, and (2) this non-evidential justification for cornerstones can secure evidential justification for believing many other propositions––those we take to be true on the grounds of ordinary evidence. I initially focus on Wright’s strategic entitlement, which is one of the types of entitlement that Wright has (...)
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  27.  46
    The Persistence of the R.A. Fisher-Sewall Wright Controversy.Robert A. Skipper - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (3):341-367.
    This paper considers recent heated debates led by Jerry A. Coyne andMichael J. Wade on issues stemming from the 1929–1962 R.A. Fisher-Sewall Wrightcontroversy in population genetics. William B. Provine once remarked that theFisher-Wright controversy is central, fundamental, and very influential.Indeed,it is also persistent. The argumentative structure of therecent (1997–2000) debates is analyzed with the aim of eliminating a logicalconflict in them, viz., that the two sides in the debates havedifferent aims and that, as such, they are talking past each (...)
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  28. Against Boghossian, Wright and Broome on Inference.Ulf Hlobil - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 167 (2):419-429.
    I argue that the accounts of inference recently presented (in this journal) by Paul Boghossian, John Broome, and Crispin Wright are unsatisfactory. I proceed in two steps: First, in Sects. 1 and 2, I argue that we should not accept what Boghossian calls the “Taking Condition on inference” as a condition of adequacy for accounts of inference. I present a different condition of adequacy and argue that it is superior to the one offered by Boghossian. More precisely, I point (...)
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  29.  31
    Drift Beyond Wright–Fisher.Hayley Clatterbuck - 2015 - Synthese 192 (11):3487-3507.
    Several recent arguments by philosophers of biology have challenged the traditional view that evolutionary factors, such as drift and selection, are genuine causes of evolutionary outcomes. In the case of drift, advocates of the statistical theory argue that drift is merely the sampling error inherent in the other stochastic processes of evolution and thus denotes a mathematical, rather than causal, feature of populations. This debate has largely centered around one particular model of drift, the Wright–Fisher model, and this has (...)
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  30.  77
    The First Nine Months of Editing Wittgenstein - Letters From G.E.M. Anscombe and Rush Rhees to G.H. Von Wright.Christian Eric Erbacher & Sophia Victoria Krebs - 2015 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 4 (1):195-231.
    The National Library of Finland and the Von Wright and Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Helsinki keep the collected correspondence of Georg Henrik von Wright, Wittgenstein’s friend and successor at Cambridge and one of the three literary executors of Wittgenstein’s Nachlass. Among von Wright’s correspondence partners, Elizabeth Anscombe and Rush Rhees are of special interest to Wittgenstein scholars as the two other trustees of the Wittgenstein papers. Thus, von Wright’s collections held in Finland promise to (...)
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  31.  33
    The Morality of Autonomous Robots.Aaron M. Johnson & Sidney Axinn - 2013 - Journal of Military Ethics 12 (2):129 - 141.
    While there are many issues to be raised in using lethal autonomous robotic weapons (beyond those of remotely operated drones), we argue that the most important question is: should the decision to take a human life be relinquished to a machine? This question is often overlooked in favor of technical questions of sensor capability, operational questions of chain of command, or legal questions of sovereign borders. We further argue that the answer must be ?no? and offer several reasons for banning (...)
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  32.  51
    Wright Back to Dretske, or Why You Might as Well Deny Knowledge Closure.Marc Alspector‐Kelly - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90 (3):570-611.
    Fred Dretske notoriously claimed that knowledge closure sometimes fails. Crispin Wright agrees that warrant does not transmit in the relevant cases, but only because the agent must already be warranted in believing the conclusion in order to acquire her warrant for the premise. So the agent ends up being warranted in believing, and so knowing, the conclusion in those cases too: closure is preserved. Wright's argument requires that the conclusion's having to be warranted beforehand explains transmission failure. I (...)
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  33.  52
    Teorías constitutivas de la autoridad de la primera persona: Wright y Heal.Martín Francisco Fricke - 2008 - Ludus Vitalis 16 (29):73-91.
    Someone who believes “I believe it will rain” can easily be mistaken about the rain. But it does not seem likely, and might even be impossible, that he is wrong about the fact that he believes that it is going to rain. How can we account for this authority about our own beliefs – the phenomenon known as first person authority? In this paper I examine a type of theory proposed, in distinct forms, by Crispin Wright and Jane Heal (...)
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  34.  41
    Wright on the Non-Mechanizability of Intuitionist Reasoning.Michael Detlefsen - 1995 - Philosophia Mathematica 3 (1):103-119.
    Crispin Wright joins the ranks of those who have sought to refute mechanist theories of mind by invoking Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems. His predecessors include Gödel himself, J. R. Lucas and, most recently, Roger Penrose. The aim of this essay is to show that, like his predecessors, Wright, too, fails to make his case, and that, indeed, he fails to do so even when judged by standards of success which he himself lays down.
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  35.  26
    The Structure of Idealization in Biological Theories: The Case of the Wright-Fisher Model.de Donato Rodríguez Xavier & Santos Alfonso Arroyo - 2012 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (1):11-27.
    In this paper we present a new framework of idealization in biology. We characterize idealizations as a network of counterfactual and hypothetical conditionals that can exhibit different "degrees of contingency". We use this idea to say that, in departing more or less from the actual world, idealizations can serve numerous epistemic, methodological or heuristic purposes within scientific research. We defend that, in part, this structure explains why idealizations, despite being deformations of reality, are so successful in scientific practice. For illustrative (...)
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  36.  7
    Panpsychic Organicism: Sewall Wright's Philosophy for Understanding Complex Genetic Systems. [REVIEW]David M. Steffes - 2007 - Journal of the History of Biology 40 (2):327 - 361.
    Sewall Wright first encountered the complex systems characteristic of gene combinations while a graduate student at Harvard's Bussey Institute from 1912 to 1915. In Mendelian breeding experiments, Wright observed a hierarchical dependence of the organism's phenotype on dynamic networks of genetic interaction and organization. An animal's physical traits, and thus its autonomy from surrounding environmental constraints, depended greatly on how genes behaved in certain combinations. Wright recognized that while genes are the material determinants of the animal phenotype, (...)
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  37.  15
    The Structure of Idealization in Biological Theories: The Case of the Wright-Fisher Model.Xavier De Donato-Rodríguez & Alfonso Arroyo-Santos - 2012 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (1):11-27.
    In this paper we present a new framework of idealization in biology. We characterize idealizations as a network of counterfactual and hypothetical conditionals that can exhibit different “degrees of contingency”. We use this idea to say that, in departing more or less from the actual world, idealizations can serve numerous epistemic, methodological or heuristic purposes within scientific research. We defend that, in part, this structure explains why idealizations, despite being deformations of reality, are so successful in scientific practice. For illustrative (...)
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  38.  19
    A Passport Photo of Two: On an Allusion in the Pictures of Wittgenstein and von Wright in Cambridge.Christian Eric Erbacher & Bernt Österman - 2014 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 3 (1):139-149.
    The article draws a connection between three items preserved at the von Wright and Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Helsinki (WWA), namely a book by Wilhelm Busch and two copies of the photos of von Wright and Wittgenstein in Cambridge taken by Knut Erik Tranøy in 1950, by suggesting that the photos contain an allusion by Wittgenstein.
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  39.  4
    Decision-Making Behavior in a Two-Choice Uncertain Outcome Situation.Sidney Siegel & Donald Aaron Goldstein - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (1):37.
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  40. How Many Questions? Essays in Honor of Sidney Morgenbesser.Leigh S. Cauman & Sidney Morgenbesser - 1983 -
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  41.  31
    The Dogmatists and Wright on Moore's "Proof".Mark McBride - 2012 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 2 (1):1-20.
    Suppose one has a visual experience as of having hands, and then reasons as follows: I have hands, If I have hands an external world exists; An external world exists. Suppose one’s visual experience gives one defeasible perceptual warrant, or justification, to believe – that is, one’s experience makes it epistemically appropriate to believe . And suppose one comes to believe on the basis of this visual experience. The conditional premise is knowable a priori. And can be established by modus (...)
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  42.  25
    The Structure of Idealization in Biological Theories: The Case of the Wright-Fisher Model. [REVIEW]Xavier Donato Rodríguez & Alfonso Arroyo Santos - 2012 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (1):11-27.
    In this paper we present a new framework of idealization in biology. We characterize idealizations as a network of counterfactual and hypothetical conditionals that can exhibit different “degrees of contingency”. We use this idea to say that, in departing more or less from the actual world, idealizations can serve numerous epistemic, methodological or heuristic purposes within scientific research. We defend that, in part, this structure explains why idealizations, despite being deformations of reality, are so successful in scientific practice. For illustrative (...)
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  43. Review of Crispin Wright, Saving the Differences: Essays on Themes From Truth and Objectivity. [REVIEW]Dan López de Sa - 2005 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 24 (2):125-129.
    Review of *Saving the Differences* by Crispin Wright.
     
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  44. Sidney Hook and the Contemporary World Essays on the Pragmatic Intelligence.Sidney Hook & Paul Kurtz - 1968 - J. Day.
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  45.  8
    Normativity and Factualism: Wright's Critique of Kripke's Understanding of Rules.Michal Sladeček - 2011 - Filozofija I Društvo 22 (1):103-122.
    This paper deals with Wright’s criticism of Kripke’s interpretation of Wittgeinstein and his understanding of the problem of following the rules, and particularly the understanding of a so called skeptical paradox. In the first part of the text, the author gives the basic points of Kripke’s position, whereas the second part examines Wright’s answer to the skeptical solution, that is, Wright’s defense of the objectivity of both the meaning and the connections of rules and their use. The (...)
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  46.  5
    The Convergence of Ricoeur’s and Von Wright’s Complex Models of History.Linda L. Cox - 2014 - Études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies 5 (1):95-114.
    The relationship between the structural identity of narrative and the truth claim of the historical narrative work is one of importance to Ricœur. He considers the attempts of two interwoven models of history emerging from analytic philosophy—explanatory and narrative—to articulate this relationship. This paper explores the trajectories of these models as well as the epistemological and ontological crises culminating from the “simple” theses of each model. The solution to these crises requires a more complex method to account for the nature (...)
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  47. Confronting American Labor: The New Left Dilemma.Jeffrey W. Coker - 2002 - University of Missouri.
    _Confronting American Labor_ traces the development of the American left, from the Depression era through the Cold War, by examining four representative intellectuals who grappled with the difficult question of labor’s role in society. Since the time of Marx, leftists have raised over and over the question of how an intelligentsia might participate in a movement carried out by the working class. Their modus operandi was to champion those who suffered injustice at the hands of the powerful. From the late (...)
     
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  48. Sidney Hook and the Contemporary World Essays on the Pragmatic Intelligence, Edited by Paul Kurtz. --.Paul Kurtz & Sidney Hook - 1968 - J. Day Co.
     
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  49. Bryan Magee Talks to Sidney Morgenbesser About the American Pragmatists.Magee Bryan, Morgenbesser Sidney, Training Inc Bbc Education &, Humanities Films for the & Americas B. B. C. Worldwide - 1997 - Films for the Humanities & Sciences.
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  50.  44
    Wright on Moore.José L. Zalabardo - 2012 - In Annalisa Coliva (ed.), Mind, Meaning, and Knowledge: Themes From the Philosophy of Crispin Wright. Oxford University Press. pp. 304–322.
    To the sceptic's contention that I don't know that I have hands because I don't know that there is an external world, the Moorean replies that I know that there is an external world because I know that I have hands. Crispin Wright has argued that the Moorean move is illegitimate, and has tried to block it by limiting the applicability of the principle of the transmission of knowledge by inference—the principle that recognising the validity of an inference from (...)
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