Results for 'Aart Hendriks'

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  1. Disability.Aart Hendriks & Oliver Lewis - 2014 - In Yann Joly & Bartha Maria Knoppers (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Medical Law and Ethics. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  2.  17
    Regulating Privacy and Biobanks in the Netherlands.Aart C. Hendriks & Rachèl E. van Hellemondt - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (1):68-84.
    The Netherlands does not have any specific legislation pertaining to human biological materials and data collection by biobanks. Instead, these issues are governed by a patchwork of laws, codes of practices, and other ethical instruments, where special emphasis is given to the right to privacy and self-determination. While draft legislation for biobanking was scheduled to enter into force in 2007, as of mid-2015 such legislation was still under consideration, with the intent that it would focus particularly on individual self-determination, the (...)
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  3. Country Reports.Ma'N. H. Zawati, Don Chalmers, Sueli G. Dallari, Marina de Neiva Borba, Miriam Pinkesz, Yann Joly, Haidan Chen, Mette Hartlev, Liis Leitsalu, Sirpa Soini, Emmanuelle Rial-Sebbag, Nils Hoppe, Tina Garani-Papadatos, Panagiotis Vidalis, Krishna Ravi Srinivas, Gil Siegal, Stefania Negri, Ryoko Hatanaka, Maysa Al-Hussaini, Amal Al-Tabba', Lourdes Motta-Murgía, Laura Estela Torres Moran, Aart Hendriks, Obiajulu Nnamuchi, Rosario Isasi, Dorota Krekora-Zajac, Eman Sadoun, Calvin Ho, Pamela Andanda, Won Bok Lee, Pilar Nicolás, Titti Mattsson, Vladislava Talanova, Alexandre Dosch, Dominique Sprumont, Chien-Te Fan, Tzu-Hsun Hung, Jane Kaye, Andelka Phillips, Heather Gowans, Nisha Shah & James W. Hazel - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (4):582-704.
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  4. The lambda calculus: its syntax and semantics.Hendrik Pieter Barendregt - 1981 - New York, N.Y.: Sole distributors for the U.S.A. and Canada, Elsevier Science Pub. Co..
    The revised edition contains a new chapter which provides an elegant description of the semantics. The various classes of lambda calculus models are described in a uniform manner. Some didactical improvements have been made to this edition. An example of a simple model is given and then the general theory (of categorical models) is developed. Indications are given of those parts of the book which can be used to form a coherent course.
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  5.  5
    Conflicts in interpretation.Petra Hendriks (ed.) - 2010 - Oakville, CT: Equinox.
    Conflicts in Interpretation applies novel methods of constraint interaction, derived from connectionist theories and implemented in linguistics within the framework of Optimality Theory, to core semantic and pragmatic issues such as polysemy, negation, (in) definiteness, focus, anaphora, and rhetorical structure. It explores the hypothesis that a natural language grammar is a set of potentially conflicting constraints on forms and meanings. Moreover, it hypothesizes that competent language users not only optimize from an input form to the optimal output meaning for this (...)
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  6.  74
    On the inference of personal authorship: Enhancing experienced agency by priming effect information☆.Henk Aarts, Ruud Custers & Daniel M. Wegner - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):439-458.
    Three experiments examined whether the mere priming of potential action effects enhances people’s feeling of causing these effects when they occur. In a computer task, participants and the computer independently moved a rapidly moving square on a display. Participants had to press a key, thereby stopping the movement. However, the participant or the computer could have caused the square to stop on the observed position, and accordingly, the stopped position of the square could be conceived of as the potential effect (...)
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  7.  48
    Responsibility, second opinions and peer-disagreement: ethical and epistemological challenges of using AI in clinical diagnostic contexts.Hendrik Kempt & Saskia K. Nagel - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (4):222-229.
    In this paper, we first classify different types of second opinions and evaluate the ethical and epistemological implications of providing those in a clinical context. Second, we discuss the issue of how artificial intelligent could replace the human cognitive labour of providing such second opinion and find that several AI reach the levels of accuracy and efficiency needed to clarify their use an urgent ethical issue. Third, we outline the normative conditions of how AI may be used as second opinion (...)
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  8.  10
    Facing forward: art & theory from a future perspective.Hendrik Folkerts, Christoph Lindner & Margriet Schavemaker (eds.) - 2015 - Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
    The project 'Facing Forward' started with a collaboration between five institutions: the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, the Amsterdam School for Cultural Analysis at the University of Amsterdam, De Appel arts centre, W139, the Stedelijk Museum Bureau Amsterdam and the art magazine Metroplis M. Having previously organized the lecture series and publications 'Right About Now: Art & Theory in the 1990s' (2005/2006) and 'Now is the Time: Art & Theory in the 21st Century' (2008/2009), the organizing committee decided to take the final (...)
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  9.  2
    Filosofie van de rechtswetenschap.Hendrik Philip Visser 'T. Hooft - 1988 - Leiden: M. Nijhoff.
    Inleidend overzicht van de wetenschapsfilosofische basisproblemen van de rechtswetenschap.
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  10.  6
    De Raey: the mole in Leiden: Cartesianism in 17th century medical education.Hendrik Punt - 2019 - Amstelveen: Bibliotheca Medico-Historica Leidensis.
    Descartes' works were not allowed to be read at Leiden University, even his name could not be pronounced. Read the compelling story about how his pupil Johannes de Raey has had the opportunity to preach Descartes fully in philosophy, but also in medicine, in a hostile anti-Cartesian climate during 20 years (1647-1668). This book is not only meant for philosophers and medical historians, but for all who want to take a look at the extensive menu of Cartesian cuisine. The 17th-century (...)
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  11. Religious truth: seeing things as they really are: experience, insight, and religious stories.Hendrik M. Vroom - 2012 - In Frederiek Depoortere & Magdalen Lambkin (eds.), The question of theological truth: philosophical and interreligious perspectives. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
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  12.  51
    Re-Reading Robert E. Park on Social Evolution: An Early Darwinian Conception of Society.Hendrik Wortmann - 2013 - Biological Theory 7 (1):69-79.
    Although Darwinian concepts have largely been banned from the social sciences of the last century, they have recently seen a revival in several disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, or economics. Most of the current proponents of evolutionary theorizing in the social sciences avoid references to the older literature on social evolution. On that background, this article presents a contribution to Darwinist thinking in early American sociology that has mainly been overlooked in the literature. As the leading figure of the Human (...)
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  13. The brute within: appetitive desire in Plato and Aristotle.Hendrik Lorenz - 2006 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Hendrik Lorenz presents a comprehensive study of Plato's and Aristotle's conceptions of non-rational desire. They see this as something that humans share with animals, and which aims primarily at the pleasures of food, drink, and sex. Lorenz explores the cognitive resources that both philosophers make available for the explanation of such desires, and what they take rationality to add to the motivational structure of human beings. In doing so, he finds conceptions of the mind that are coherent and deeply integrated (...)
  14.  35
    Evidence for the automatic evaluation of self-generated actions.Kristien Aarts, Jan De Houwer & Gilles Pourtois - 2012 - Cognition 124 (2):117-127.
  15.  29
    “I’m afraid I can’t let you do that, Doctor”: meaningful disagreements with AI in medical contexts.Hendrik Kempt, Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Saskia K. Nagel - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-8.
    This paper explores the role and resolution of disagreements between physicians and their diagnostic AI-based decision support systems. With an ever-growing number of applications for these independently operating diagnostic tools, it becomes less and less clear what a physician ought to do in case their diagnosis is in faultless conflict with the results of the DSS. The consequences of such uncertainty can ultimately lead to effects detrimental to the intended purpose of such machines, e.g. by shifting the burden of proof (...)
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  16.  16
    Secundum Naturam Vivere: Stoic Thoughts of Greco-Roman Antiquity on Nature and Their Relation to the Concepts of Sustainability, Frugality, and Environmental Protection in the Anthropocene.Hendrik Müller - 2023 - Philosophy of Management 22 (4):619-628.
    This paper wants to shed light on the way the philosophical school of Stoicsm in Greco-Roman antiquity has dealt with the relationship of men and nature by pointing out to some of the key texts in which these issues are mentioned. Although the modern concept of sustainability or environmental protection did not really exist in antiquity, the Stoa was convinced that individual decisions had a direct impact on this world. Following the concept of environmental humanities, the ancient texts and authors (...)
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  17. Associations between psychologists' thinking styles and accuracy on a diagnostic classification task.Alexander A. Aarts, Cilia L. M. Witteman, Pierre M. Souren & Jos I. M. Egger - 2012 - Synthese 189 (S1):119-130.
    The present study investigated whether individual differences between psychologists in thinking styles are associated with accuracy in diagnostic classification. We asked novice and experienced clinicians to classify two clinical cases of clients with two co-occurring psychological disorders. No significant difference in diagnostic accuracy was found between the two groups, but when combining the data from novices and experienced psychologists accuracy was found to be negatively associated with certain decision making strategies and with a higher self-assessed ability and preference for a (...)
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  18.  32
    Increasing reproducibility and interpretability of microbiota-gut-brain studies on human neurocognition and intermediary microbial metabolites.Esther Aarts & Sahar El Aidy - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    In this commentary, we point to guidelines for performing human neuroimaging studies and their reporting in microbiota-gut-brain articles. Moreover, we provide a view on interpretational issues in MGB studies, with a specific focus on gut microbiota–derived metabolites. Thus, extending the target article, we provide recommendations to the field to increase reproducibility and relevance of this type of MGB study.
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  19.  45
    Pauline Chazan, the moral self and Johannes A. Van der ven, formation of the moral self.Hendrik Y. Hutter - 2001 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 4 (4):427-429.
  20.  6
    Jeugdbrieven van H.J. Pos (1917-1927).Hendrik Josephus Pos - 2000 - Baarn: Ten Have. Edited by George Harinck & Thea Valk-Le Cointre.
    Brieven van de Nederlandse filosoof (1898-1955) uit de periode 1917-1927 aan een vriend.
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  21.  59
    Unconscious reward cues increase invested effort, but do not change speed–accuracy tradeoffs.Erik Bijleveld, Ruud Custers & Henk Aarts - 2010 - Cognition 115 (2):330-335.
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  22.  2
    Immanuel Kant en het volle leven.Hendrik Procee - 2004 - Budel: Damon.
    Inleiding tot de Duitse filosoof (1724-1804).
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  23.  30
    Non‐associative Lambek Categorial Grammar in Polynomial Time.Erik Aarts & Kees Trautwein - 1995 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 41 (4):476-484.
    We present a new axiomatization of the non-associative Lambek calculus. We prove that it takes polynomial time to reduce any non-associative Lambek categorial grammar to an equivalent context-free grammar. Since it is possible to recognize a sentence generated by a context-free grammar in polynomial time, this proves that a sentence generated by any non-associative Lambek categorial grammar can be recognized in polynomial time.
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  24. Aristotle’s Empiricist Theory of Doxastic Knowledge.Hendrik Lorenz & Benjamin Morison - 2019 - Phronesis 64 (4):431-464.
    Aristotle takes practical wisdom and arts or crafts to be forms of knowledge which, we argue, can usefully be thought of as ‘empiricist’. This empiricism has two key features: knowledge does not rest on grasping unobservable natures or essences; and knowledge does not rest on grasping logical relations that hold among propositions. Instead, knowledge rests on observation, memory, experience and everyday uses of reason. While Aristotle’s conception of theoretical knowledge does require grasping unobservable essences and logical relations that hold among (...)
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  25.  7
    Top-down induction of first-order logical decision trees.Hendrik Blockeel & Luc De Raedt - 1998 - Artificial Intelligence 101 (1-2):285-297.
  26. Non-conscious goal pursuit and the effortful control of behavior.Ran R. Hassin, Henk Aarts, Baruch Eitam, Ruud Custers & Tali Kleiman - 2008 - In Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.), Oxford handbook of human action. New York: Oxford University Press.
  27.  31
    Coming to terms with subjectivity.Hendrik De Smet & Jean-Christophe Verstraete - 2006 - Cognitive Linguistics 17 (3).
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  28.  14
    Metaphor and non-metaphor: the semantics of adjective noun combinations.Jan M. G. Aarts - 1979 - Tübingen: Niemeyer. Edited by Joseph P. Calbert.
    The book series Linguistische Arbeiten (LA) publishes high-quality work in linguistics that addresses current issues in synchrony and diachrony, theoretically or empirically oriented.
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  29.  98
    Proving theorems of the second order Lambek calculus in polynomial time.Erik Aarts - 1994 - Studia Logica 53 (3):373 - 387.
    In the Lambek calculus of order 2 we allow only sequents in which the depth of nesting of implications is limited to 2. We prove that the decision problem of provability in the calculus can be solved in time polynomial in the length of the sequent. A normal form for proofs of second order sequents is defined. It is shown that for every proof there is a normal form proof with the same axioms. With this normal form we can give (...)
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  30.  85
    Legal Evidence and Proof: Statistics, Stories, Logic.Hendrik Kaptein - 2008 - Ashgate. Edited by Henry Prakken & Bart Verheij.
    With special attention being paid to recent developments in Artificial Intelligence and the Law, specifically related to evidentiary reasoning, this book ...
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  31.  10
    Hendrik Petrus Berlage: Thoughts on Style, 1886-1909: Thoughts on Style, 1886-1909.Hendrik Petrus Berlage - 1996 - The Getty Center for the History of Art.
    An architect and architectural philosopher, Berlage created a series of buildings and a body of writings that probed the problems and possibilities of Modernism. His principal texts, given here in English for the first time, present a vital chapter in the history of European Modernism.
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  32. The assimilation of sense to sense-object in Aristotle.Hendrik Lorenz - 2007 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 33:179-220.
  33.  18
    How Does the Stock Market Value Female Directors? International Evidence.Hendrik Rupertus & Thomas R. Loy - 2022 - Business and Society 61 (1):117-154.
    We analyze investors’ perception and long-term effects of board gender diversity on firms’ stock market performance in an international setting. Our results, controlling for the endogenous nature of board compositions, indicate that female board representation neither improves nor reduces firms’ long-term stock performance. Hence, we argue that it is imperative to go beyond the conventional thinking in terms of the business case for gender diversity and broaden the perspective also to incorporate societal and ethical aspects in the strive to board (...)
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  34.  54
    Perceiving an exclusive cause of affect prevents misattribution.Kirsten I. Ruys, Henk Aarts, Esther K. Papies, Masanori Oikawa & Haruka Oikawa - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):1009-1015.
    Affect misattribution occurs when affective cues color subsequent unrelated evaluations. Research suggests that affect misattribution decreases when one is aware that affective cues are unrelated to the evaluation at hand. We propose that affect misattribution may even occur when one is aware that affective cues are irrelevant, as long as the source of these cues seems ambiguous. When source ambiguity exists, affective cues may freely influence upcoming unrelated evaluations. We examined this using an adapted affect misattribution procedure where pleasant and (...)
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  35.  48
    Management of financial conflicts of interests in clinical practice guidelines in Germany: results from the public database GuidelineWatch.Hendrik Napierala, Luise Schäfer, Gisela Schott, Niklas Schurig & Thomas Lempert - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):65.
    The reliability of clinical practice guidelines has been disputed because guideline panel members are often burdened with financial conflicts of interest. Current recommendations for COI regulation advise not only detailed declaration but also active management of conflicts. To continuously assess COI declaration and management in German guidelines we established the public database LeitlinienWatch. We analyzed all German guidelines at the highest methodological level that included recommendations for pharmacological therapy according to five criteria: declaration and assessment of COI, composition of the (...)
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  36.  34
    A wide-spectrum coordination model of schizophrenia.Hendrik Pieter Barendregt - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):84-85.
    The target article presents a model for schizophrenia extending four levels of abstraction: molecules, cells, cognition, and syndrome. An important notion in the model is that of coordination, applicable to both the level of cells and of cognition. The molecular level provides an “implementation” of the coordination at the cellular level, which in turn underlies the coordination at the cognitive level, giving rise to the clinical symptoms.
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  37. Königliche Gerichtsbarkeit und Landfriedenssorge im deutschen Spätmittelalter. Eine Geschichte der Verfahren und Delegationsformen zur Konfliktbehandlung.Hendrik Baumbach - 2017
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  38.  24
    Christian philosophy: transformation or inner reformation.Hendrik G. Geertsema - 1987 - Philosophia Reformata 52 (2):139-165.
  39. Ancient theories of soul.Hendrik Lorenz - unknown - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Ancient philosophical theories of soul are in many respects sensitive to ways of speaking and thinking about the soul psuchê] that are not specifically philosophical or theoretical. We therefore begin with what the word ‘soul’ meant to speakers of Classical Greek, and what it would have been natural to think about and associate with the soul. We then turn to various Presocratic thinkers, and to the philosophical theories that are our primary concern, those of Plato (first in the Phaedo, then (...)
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  40.  8
    Autistic Company.Ruud Hendriks - 2012 - Editions Rodopi.
    Social interactions of autistic and non-autistic persons are intriguing. In all sorts of situations people with autism are part of the daily life of those around them. Such interactions exist despite the lack of familiar ways of attuning to one another. In Autistic Company, the anthropologist and philosopher Ruud Hendriks—himself trained as a care worker for young people with autism—investigates what alternative means are sometimes found by autistic and non-autistic people to establish a shared existence. Unprecedented in scholarly work (...)
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  41.  14
    What do patients with unmet medical needs want? A qualitative study of patients’ views and experiences with expanded access to unapproved, investigational treatments in the Netherlands.Eline M. Bunnik & Nikkie Aarts - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-17.
    Background Patients with unmet medical needs sometimes resort to non-standard treatment options, including the use of unapproved, investigational drugs in the context of clinical trials, compassionate use or named-patient programs. The views and experiences of patients with unmet medical needs regarding unapproved, investigational drugs have not yet been examined empirically. Methods In this qualitative study, exploratory interviews and focus groups were held with patients with chronic or life-threatening diseases, about topics related to non-standard treatment options, such as the search for (...)
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  42. Virtue of Character in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics.Hendrik Lorenz - 2009 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 37:177 - 212.
  43.  19
    Introduction to the Special Issue on “Artificial Speakers - Philosophical Questions and Implications”.Hendrik Kempt, Jacqueline Bellon & Sebastian Nähr-Wagener - 2021 - Minds and Machines 31 (4):465-470.
  44.  19
    Linear Discriminant Analysis Achieves High Classification Accuracy for the BOLD fMRI Response to Naturalistic Movie Stimuli.Hendrik Mandelkow, Jacco A. de Zwart & Jeff H. Duyn - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  45.  1
    Musils Notizen.Hendrik Blumentrath - 2013 - Zeitschrift für Kulturphilosophie 2013 (1):109-122.
    Mit Fragen der Formgebung und Zeitorganisation einerseits, der Nähe von Rhythmus und Körper andererseits lassen sich zwei Schwerpunkte gegenwärtiger Debatten über rhythmische Phänomene ausmachen, deren Konstellierung auf die Umbrüche der Rhythmusdiskurse um 1900 zurückverweist. Der Beitrag diskutiert das Verhältnis der beiden Diskussionsstränge und dessen Rekonfiguration in Musils Überlegungen zum Rhythmus; im Zentrum stehen dabei Musils Notizen zu den Experimentaluntersuchungen Kurt Koffkas.
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  46.  4
    Rhythmus und Moderne.Hendrik Blumentrath, Michael Neumann & Claudia Röser - 2013 - Zeitschrift für Kulturphilosophie 2013 (1):7-13.
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  47.  2
    The naked truth or prophecy as folly? A performative interpretation of Isaiah 20.Hendrik L. Bosman - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):7.
    How does one make sense of a naked prophet who walked the streets of Jerusalem for no less than three years? This contribution interpreted the ambulatory naked prophet in Isaiah 20 as a sign-act by means of symbolic interactionism and performative interpretation according to which symbolic or sign-acts are multivalent entities. Isaiah 20 was interpreted as an embodied, multivalent text that invited ongoing appropriation among subsequent audiences while exploring the potential meaning(s) of the initial act within the parameters of text (...)
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  48.  10
    The theological paraphrasing of history: The Exodus tradition in the Wisdom of Solomon.Hendrik L. Bosman - 2012 - HTS Theological Studies 68 (1).
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  49.  5
    Looking Beneath the Surface: Medical Ethics From Islamic and Western Perspectives.Hendrik M. Vroom, Petra Verdonk, Marzouk Aulad Abdellah & Martina C. Cornel (eds.) - 2013 - New York: Editions Rodopi.
    Looking Beneath the Surface explores Arab-Islamic and Western perspectives on medical ethical issues: genetic research and treatment, abortion, organ donation, and palliative sedation and euthanasia. The contributions in this volume discuss the state of the art, the role of laws, counseling, and spiritual counseling in the decision-making process. The different approaches to the ethical issues, ways of moral reasoning, become clear in these contributions, especially the role of tradition for Islam and the importance of autonomy for the West. Beneath the (...)
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  50.  92
    Natural Goals of Actions in Aristotle.Hendrik Lorenz - 2015 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 1 (4):583--600.
    ABSTRACT:I argue that there are, according to Aristotle, two importantly different kinds of goals or ends in the domain of human agency and that one of these two kinds has been frequently, though not universally, overlooked. Apart from psychological goals, goals that agents adopt as their purposes, there are also, I submit, goals that actions have by being the kinds of actions they are and, in some cases, by occurring in the circumstances in which they do. These latter goals belong (...)
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