95 found
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  1.  54
    Search for a Naturalistic World View.Abner Shimony - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    Abner Shimony is one of the most eminent of present-day philosophers of science, whose work has exerted a profound influence in both the philosophy and physics communities. This two-volume 1993 collection of his essays written over a period of forty years explores the interrelations between science and philosophy. Shimony regards the knowing subject as an entity in nature whose faculties must be studied from the points of view of evolutionary biology and empirical psychology. He maintains that the twentieth century is (...)
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  2.  73
    Coherence and the Axioms of Confirmation.Abner Shimony - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (1):1-28.
  3.  8
    Scientific Inference.Abner Shimony - 1970 - In Robert Colodny (ed.), The Nature and Function of Scientific Theories. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 4.
  4. Metaphysical Problems in the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics.Abner Shimony - 1978 - International Philosophical Quarterly 18 (1):3-17.
  5. Contextual Hidden Variables Theories and Bell’s Inequalities.Abner Shimony - 1984 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (1):25-45.
    Noncontextual hidden variables theories, assigning simultaneous values to all quantum mechanical observables, are inconsistent by theorems of Gleason and others. These theorems do not exclude contextual hidden variables theories, in which a complete state assigns values to physical quantities only relative to contexts. However, any contextual theory obeying a certain factorisability conditions implies one of Bell's Inequalities, thereby precluding complete agreement with quantum mechanical predictions. The present paper distinguishes two kinds of contextual theories, ‘algebraic’ and ‘environmental’, and investigates when factorisability (...)
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  6.  13
    Quantum Mechanics and Objectivity: A Study of the Physical Philosophy of Werner Heisenberg.Abner Shimony - 1965 - Philosophical Review 77 (4):524-526.
  7.  89
    Insolubility of the Quantum Measurement Problem for Unsharp Observables.Paul Busch & Abner Shimony - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 27 (4):397-404.
  8.  26
    An Adamite Derivation of the Calculus of Probability.Abner Shimony - 1988 - In J. H. Fetzer (ed.), Probability and Causality. D. Reidel.
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  9.  68
    Two Essays on Entropy.Michael Redhead, Rudolf Carnap & Abner Shimony - 1979 - Philosophical Quarterly 29 (117):364.
  10.  40
    Reflections on the Philosophy of Bohr, Heisenberg, and Schrödinger.Abner Shimony - 1983 - In R. S. Cohen (ed.), Physics, Philosophy, and Psychoanalysis: Essays in Honor of Adolf Grünbaum. D. Reidel Publishing Company. pp. 209--221.
    Many of the pioneers of quantum mechanics — notably Planck, Einstein, Bohr, de Broglie, Heisenberg, Schrodinger, Born, Jordan, Lande, Wigner, and London — were seriously concerned with philosophical questions. In each case one can ask a question of psychological and historical interest: was it a philosophical penchant which drew the investigator towards a kind of physics research which is linked to philosophy, or was it rather that the conceptual difficulties of fundamental physics pulled him willy-nilly into the labyrinth of philosophy? (...)
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  11.  79
    The Status of the Principle of Maximum Entropy.Abner Shimony - 1985 - Synthese 63 (1):35 - 53.
  12.  98
    The Non-Existence of a Principle of Natural Selection.Abner Shimony - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (3):255-273.
    The theory of natural selection is a rich systematization of biological knowledge without a first principle. When formulations of a proposed principle of natural selection are examined carefully, each is seen to be exhaustively analyzable into a proposition about sources of fitness and a proposition about consequences of fitness. But whenever the fitness of an organic variety is well defined in a given biological situation, its sources are local contingencies together with the background of laws from disciplines other than the (...)
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  13.  8
    Insolubility of the Quantum Measurement Problem for Unsharp Observables.Paul Busch & Abner Shimony - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 27 (4):397-404.
  14.  59
    Perception From an Evolutionary Point of View.Abner Shimony - 1971 - Journal of Philosophy 68 (19):571-583.
  15.  26
    Desiderata for a Modified Quantum Dynamics.Abner Shimony - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:49 - 59.
    If quantum mechanics is interpreted as an objective, complete, physical theory, applying to macroscopic as well as microscopic systems, then the linearity of quantum dynamics gives rise to the measurement problem and related problems, which cannot be solved without modifying the dynamics. Eight desiderata are proposed for a reasonable modified theory. They favor a stochastic modification rather than a deterministic non-linear one, but the spontaneous localization theories of Ghirardi et al. and Pearle are criticized. The intermittent fluorescence of a trapped (...)
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  16.  18
    Search for a Naturalistic Worldview. Vol. 1, Scientific Method and Epistemology; Vol. 2, Natural Science and Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Abner Shimony - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (2):311-314.
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  17.  32
    Wave-Packet Reduction as a Medium of Communication.Joseph Hall, Christopher Kim, Brien McElroy & Abner Shimony - 1977 - Foundations of Physics 7 (9-10):759-767.
    Using an apparatus in which two scalers register decays from a radioactive source, an observer located near one of the scalers attempted to convey a message to an observer located near the other one by choosing to look or to refrain from looking at his scaler. The results indicate that no message was conveyed. Doubt is thereby thrown upon the hypothesis that the reduction of the wave packet is due to the interaction of the physical apparatus with the psyche of (...)
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  18.  34
    On Quantum Non-Locality, Special Relativity, and Counterfactual Reasoning.Abner Shimony & Howard Stein - 2003 - In A. Ashtekar (ed.), Revisiting the Foundations of Relativistic Physics. pp. 499--521.
  19.  14
    Paradigm Lost? A Review Symposium.Martin Klein, Abner Shimony & Trevor Pinch - 1979 - Isis 70:429-440.
  20.  12
    Introduction.Abner Shimony - 1985 - Dialectica 39 (2):83-84.
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  21.  75
    On Carnap: Reflections of a Metaphysical Student. [REVIEW]Abner Shimony - 1992 - Synthese 93 (1-2):261 - 274.
  22.  20
    Critique of the Papers of Fine and Suppes.Abner Shimony - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:572 - 580.
    A combination of methodological considerations and propositions about the causal structure of spacetime provides a reply to Fine's criticisms of the "factorizability requirement" used in several versions of Bell's theorem. His proposal of "action in harmony" is criticized. Experimental tests are proposed for both the "synchronization models" and the "prism models", which Fine has invented as loopholes to Bell's theorem. A theorem of Suppes and Zanotti which purports to show the impossibility of hidden variables is criticized. One of their crucial (...)
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  23.  90
    Can the Fundamental Laws of Nature Be the Results of Evolution?Abner Shimony - 1999 - In Jeremy Butterfield & Constantine Pagonis (eds.), From Physics to Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 208--223.
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  24.  47
    Filters with Infinitely Many Components.Abner Shimony - 1971 - Foundations of Physics 1 (4):325-328.
    With the use of a suitable assumption about the structure of the class of experimental filters, it is shown that the sequence of alternating replicas of two filters is their greatest lower bound, as Jauch suggests. A generalization of his suggestion yields the greatest lower bound of a denumerable set of filters. The criteria of admissibility of filters are briefly discussed.
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  25. Quantum Physics and the Philosophy of Whitehead.Abner Shimony - 1965 - In Max Black (ed.), Philosophy in America. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. pp. 240--261.
  26.  26
    Reply to Sober.Abner Shimony - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (3):281-286.
  27.  4
    Comments on Two Epistemological Theses of Thomas Kuhn.Abner Shimony - 1976 - In R. S. Cohen, P. K. Feyerabend & M. Wartofsky (eds.), Essays in Memory of Imre Lakatos. Reidel. pp. 569--588.
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  28.  9
    Philosophical and Experimental Perspectives on Quantum Physics.Abner Shimony - 1999 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 7:1-18.
    The Society for the Advancement of the Scientific World Conception has done me a great honor by inviting me to be the Sixth Vienna Circle Lecturer. The invitation has also stirred some deep emotions. A central figure of the Vienna Circle, Rudolf Carnap, was my revered teacher of philosophy at the University of Chicago in 1948–9 and later an informal adviser when I wrote a doctoral thesis at Yale University on inductive logic, and he was a friend during those years (...)
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  29. Comment on Norsen's Defense of Einstein's “Box Argument'.Abner Shimony - 2005 - American Journal of Physics 73:177--178.
  30.  88
    An Analysis of Stapp’s “A Bell-Type Theorem Without Hidden Variables”.Abner Shimony - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (1):61-72.
    H.P. Stapp has proposed a number of demonstrations of a Bell-type theorem which dispensed with an assumption of hidden variables, but relied only upon locality together with an assumption that experimenters can choose freely which of several incompatible observables to measure. In recent papers his strategy has centered upon counterfactual conditionals. Stapp’s paper in American Journal of Physics, 2004, replies to objections raised against earlier expositions of this strategy and proposes a simplified demonstration. The new demonstration is criticized, several subtleties (...)
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  31.  4
    Review: Rudolf Carnap, Meaning Postulates. [REVIEW]Abner Shimony - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (2):188-189.
  32.  91
    A Bayesian Examination of Time-Symmetry in the Process of Measurement.Abner Shimony - 1996 - Erkenntnis 45 (2-3):337 - 348.
    We investigate the thesis of Aharonov, Bergmann, and Lebowitz that time-symmetry holds in ensembles defined by both an initial and a final condition, called preand postselected ensembles. We distinguish two senses of time symmetry and show that the first one, concerning forward directed and time reversed measurements, holds if the measurement process is ideal, but fails if the measurement process is non-ideal, i.e., violates Lüders's rule. The second kind of time symmetry, concerning the interchange of initial and final conditions, fails (...)
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  33.  32
    Amplifying Personal Probability Theory: Comments on L. J. Savage's "Difficulties in the Theory of Personal Probability".Abner Shimony - 1967 - Philosophy of Science 34 (4):326-332.
  34.  26
    An Ontological Examination of Causation.Abner Shimony - 1947 - Review of Metaphysics 1 (1):52 - 68.
    The assumption that the dead past cannot influence the present or future is even more obvious in an argument against causation given by Collingwood in his Essay on Metaphysics.
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  35.  25
    Braithwaite on Scientific Method.Abner Shimony - 1954 - Review of Metaphysics 7 (4):644 - 660.
    2. "The first four chapters of this book are devoted to explaining the parts played by mathematical reasoning and by theoretical concepts and 'models' in the organization of a scientific theory". In short, this part of Scientific Explanation attempts to show how a modern empiricist can recognize the role of reason in science. The main theses in these chapters are as follows.
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  36.  10
    Amplification of Belinfante's Argument for the Nonexistence of Dispersion-Free States.Elida de Obaldia, Abner Shimony & Frederick Wittel - 1988 - Foundations of Physics 18 (10):1013-1021.
    A corollary of Gleason's theorem asserts that if the lattice of propositions of a physical system is isomorphic to the lattice of subspaces of a Hilbert space of dimension greater than two, then there is no probability measure that assigns only the values 1 and 0 (truth and falsity, respectively) to each of the propositions. Belinfante outlined an elegant geometrical proof of this corollary but relied upon an unrigorous measure-theoretical statement. An amplified geometrical proof is given along Belinfante's lines, but (...)
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  37.  8
    Paradigm Lost? A Review SymposiumBlack-Body Theory and the Quantum Discontinuity, 1894-1912. Thomas S. Kuhn.Martin J. Klein, Abner Shimony & Trevor J. Pinch - 1979 - Isis 70 (3):429-440.
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  38. Revisiting the Foundations of Relativistic Physics. Festschrift in Honour of John Stachel.Abhay Ashtekar, Jürgen Renn, Don Howard, Abner Shimony & S. Sarkar (eds.) - 2002 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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  39.  8
    A Note on Comparative Inductive Logic.Abner Shimony - 1954 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (4):300-301.
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  40. Of Physics.Peter G. Bergmann, Henry Margenau, Abdus Salam, Robert S. Cohen, Jagdish Mehra, Abner Shimony, Olivier Costa de Beauregard, André Mercier, EСG Sudarshan & Hans G. Dehmelt - 1995 - Foundations of Physics 25 (1).
  41. Remarks to Kemeny's Paper.Abner Shimony - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (1):77-77.
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  42.  48
    Reviews. [REVIEW]W. K. Essler & Abner Shimony - 1968 - Synthese 18 (1):109-120.
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  43. Bell's Theorem Without Inequalities.Daniel M. Greenberger, Michael A. Horne, Abner Shimony & Anton Zeilenger - 1990 - American Journal of Physics 58:1131--1143.
  44.  39
    The Presence of David Mermin.Daniel Greenberger & Abner Shimony - 2003 - Foundations of Physics 33 (10):1419-1422.
  45. Symposium on the Foundations of Modern Physics 1994.James B. Hartle, K. V. Laurikainen, Henry J. Folse D'Espagnat Paris, Asher Peres, Abner Shimony, Henry Stapp & Stig Stenholm - 1994 - Foundations of Physics 24 (2).
  46. Part I. Invited Papers Dedicated to Daniel Greenberger-for Daniel Greenberger on His 65th Birthday.Michael A. Horne, Abner Shimony & Anton Zeilinger - 1999 - Foundations of Physics 29 (3):323-324.
  47.  71
    An Extremum Principle for a Neutron Diffraction Experiment.Gregg Jaeger & Abner Shimony - 1999 - Foundations of Physics 29 (3):435-444.
    An extremum principle was postulated by Horne, Finkelstein, Shull, Zeilinger, and Bernstein in order to derive the physically allowable parameters for sinusoidal standing waves governing a neutron in a crystal which is immersed in a strong external magnetic field: “the expectation value of the total potential 〈V〉 is an extremum.” We show that this extremum principle can be obtained from the variational principle used by Schrodinger to derive his nonrelativistic wave equation. We rederive the solutions found by the above-mentioned authors (...)
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  48. A Contribution to Inductive Logic.Abner Shimony - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (2):189-189.
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  49. Lo Grande, Lo Pequeño y la Mente Humana.Roger Penrose, Nancy Cartwright, S. W. Hawking, M. S. Longair & Abner Shimony - 1999
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  50.  76
    An Analysis of Ensembles That Are Both Pre- and Post-Selected.Abner Shimony - 2005 - Foundations of Physics 35 (2):215-232.
    The idea of ensembles which are both pre- and post-selected was introduced by Aharonov, Bergmann, and Lebowitz and developed by Aharonov and his school. To derive formulae for the probabilities of outcomes of a measurement performed on such an ensemble at a time intermediate between pre-selection and post-selection, the latter group introduces a two-vector formulation of quantum mechanics, one vector propagating in the forward direction in time and one in the backward direction. The formulae which they obtain by this radical (...)
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