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Abraham Graber [10]Abraham D. Graber [4]
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Abraham D. Graber Graber
Western Illinois University
  1.  95
    Medusa’s Gaze Reflected: A Darwinian Dilemma for Anti-Realist Theories of Value. [REVIEW]Abraham Graber - 2012 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (5):589-601.
    Abstract Street has argued that the meta-ethical realist is faced with a dilemma. Either evolutionary forces have had a distorting influenced on our ability to track moral properties or evolutionary forces influenced our beliefs in the direction of tracking moral properties. Street argues that if the realist accepts the first horn of the dilemma, the realist must accept implausible skepticism regarding moral beliefs. If the realist accepts the second horn of the dilemma, the realist owes an explanation of the fitness (...)
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  2. Modes of Explanation: Affordances for Action and Prediction.Michael Lissack & Abraham Graber (eds.) - 2014 - Palgrave.
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  3.  12
    Autism, Intellectual Disability, and a Challenge to Our Understanding of Proxy Consent.Abraham Graber - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (2):229-236.
    This paper focuses on a hypothetical case that represents an intervention request familiar to those who work with individuals with intellectual disability. Stacy has autism and moderate intellectual disability. Her parents have requested treatment for her hand flapping. Stacy is not competent to make her own treatment decisions; proxy consent is required. There are three primary justifications for proxy consent: the right to an open future, substituted judgment, and the best interest standard. The right to an open future justifies proxy (...)
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  4.  23
    Plantinga Redux: Is the Scientific Realist Committed to the Rejection of Naturalism?Abraham Graber & Luke Golemon - forthcoming - Sophia:1-18.
    While Plantinga has famously argued that acceptance of neo-Darwinian theory commits one to the rejection of naturalism, Plantinga’s argument is vulnerable to an objection developed by Evan Fales. Not only does Fales’ objection undermine Plantinga’s original argument, it establishes a general challenge which any attempt to revitalize Plantinga’s argument must overcome. After briefly laying out the contours of this challenge, we attempt to meet it by arguing that because a purely naturalistic account of our etiology cannot explain the correlation between (...)
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  5.  16
    Ethical Practice Under Accountable Care.Abraham D. Graber, Asha Bhandary & Matthew Rizzo - 2016 - HEC Forum 28 (2):115-128.
    Accountable Care Organizations are a key mechanism of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. ACOs will influence incentives for providers, who must understand these changes to make well-considered treatment decisions. Our paper defines an ethical framework for physician decisions and action within ACOs. Emerging ethical pressures providers will face as members of an ACO were classified under major headings representing three of the four principles of bioethics: autonomy, beneficence, and justice. Conflicts include a bias against transient populations, a motive (...)
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  6.  67
    Creating Truths by Winning Arguments: The Problem of Methodological Artifacts in Philosophy.Abraham Graber - 2015 - Synthese 192 (2):487-503.
    In this paper I will argue that there is a bi-directional relationship between philosophy and meaning such that doing philosophy can change the meaning of terms. A rhetorically powerful work of philosophy that garners widespread interest has the potential to change how people use a predicate. This gives rise to three concerns. First, one’s conclusion can become right in virtue of one doing a particularly good job arguing for it. Second, it may be implausible to take philosophy to be a (...)
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  7.  61
    Towards a Cognitive Scientific Vindication of Moral Realism: The Semantic Argument.Abraham D. Graber - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (5):1059-1069.
    In a methodological milieu characterized by efforts to bring the methods of philosophy closer to the methods of the sciences, one can find, with increasing regularity, meta-ethical arguments relying on scientific theory or data. The received view appears to be that, not only is it implausible to think that a scientific vindication of a non-mentalist moral semantics will be forthcoming but that evidence from a variety of sciences threatens to undermine non-mentalist views. My aim is to push back against this (...)
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  8. Expressivism and Humans as Cognitive Superbeings.Abraham Graber - 2014 - American Philosophical Quarterly 51 (2).
     
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  9.  37
    Wetware, Game Theory, and the Golden Rule.Abraham D. Graber & Mark A. Graber - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (5):30 – 31.
  10.  18
    The Case for Enrolling High-Cost Patients in an ACO.Abraham Graber, Shane Carter, Asha Bhandary & Matthew Rizzo - 2017 - HEC Forum 29 (4):359-365.
    Though accountable care organizations are increasingly important to American healthcare, ethical inquiry into ACOs remains in its nascent stages. Several articles have raised the concern that ACOs have an incentive to avoid enrolling high-cost patients and, thereby, have an incentive to deny care to those who need it the most. This concern is borne out by the reports of consultants working with newly formed ACOs. This paper argues that, contra initial appearances, there is no financial incentive for ACOs to avoid (...)
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  11.  8
    Does Narrative Identity Enhance Medical Decision Making?Emily Cox & Abraham Graber - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 8 (3):174-176.
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  12.  18
    Black, White or Green: 'Race', Gender and Avatars Within the Therapeutic Space.Mark A. Graber & Abraham D. Graber - 2011 - Medical Humanities 37 (1):9-12.
    Personal identity is critical to provider–patient interactions. Patients and doctors tend to self-select, ideally forming therapeutic units that maximise the patients' benefit. Recently, however, ‘reality’ has changed. The internet and virtual worlds such as Second Life allow models of identity and provider–patient interactions that go beyond the limits of mainstream personal identity. In this paper some of the ethical implications of virtual patient–provider interactions, especially those that have to do with personal identity, are explored.
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  13.  21
    A Methodologically Naturalist Defense of Ethical Non-Naturalism.Abraham Graber - unknown
    The aim of this dissertation is to show that, if one is committed to the scientific worldview, one is thereby committed to ethical non-naturalism. In the first chapter I offer the reader an outline of the three primary domains of ethical inquiry: normative ethics, applied ethics, and meta-ethics. I commit myself to a meta-ethical thesis--ethical non-naturalism--and contrast ethical non-naturalism with its competitors. In the second chapter I offer a cursory defense of the moral realist's semantic thesis. I offer reason to (...)
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  14.  8
    Lessons From Tuskegee: What Law Enforcement Can Learn From the History of Bioethics.Abraham Graber - 2016 - Criminal Justice Ethics 35 (2):123-141.
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