Results for 'Abram Aronovich Stolyar'

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  1.  17
    Introduction to elementary mathematical logic.Abram Aronovich Stolyar - 1983 - New York: Dover Publications. Edited by Elliott Mendelson.
    Lucid, non-intimidating presentation of propositional logic, propositional calculus and predicate logic by Russian scholar. Topics of concern in a variety of fields, including computer science, systems analysis, linguistics, etc. Accessible to high school students; valuable review of fundamentals for professionals. Exercises (no solutions). Preface. Three appendices. Indices. Bibliogaphy. 14 figures.
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  2.  16
    Review: Abram Aronovich Stolyar, Elliott Mendelson, Introduction to Elementary Mathematical Logic. [REVIEW]Diane Resek - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (3):830-831.
  3.  13
    Stolyar Abram Aronovich. Introduction to elementary mathematical logic. English translation edited by Elliot; Mendelson of Eléméntarnoé vvédénié v matématičéskuú logiku. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., and London, © 1970, pub. 1971, and Dover Publications, New York 1983, vii + 209 pp. [REVIEW]Diane Resek - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (3):830-831.
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  4.  60
    Probability and Manipulation: Evolution and Simulation in Applied Population Genetics.Marshall Abrams - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (3):519-549.
    I define a concept of causal probability and apply it to questions about the role of probability in evolutionary processes. Causal probability is defined in terms of manipulation of patterns in empirical outcomes by manipulating properties that realize objective probabilities. The concept of causal probability allows us see how probabilities characterized by different interpretations of probability can share a similar causal character, and does so in such way as to allow new inferences about relationships between probabilities realized in different chance (...)
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  5.  7
    Der Begriff Transcendental in Kant's Kritik der reinen Vernunft.Abram Gideon - 1903 - Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, [Abt. Verl.].
  6.  29
    Selective association and the anticipatory goal response mechanism as explanatory concepts in learning theory.Abram Amsel - 1949 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 39 (6):785.
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  7.  37
    Frustrative nonreward in partial reinforcement and discrimination learning: Some recent history and a theoretical extension.Abram Amsel - 1962 - Psychological Review 69 (4):306-328.
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  8.  58
    Between the Body and the Breathing Earth.David Abram - 2005 - Environmental Ethics 27 (2):171-190.
    I take issue with several themes in Ted Toadvine’s lively paper, “Limits of the Flesh,” suggesting that he has significantly misread many of the arguments in The Spell of the Sensuous. I first engage his contention that I disparage reflection and denigrate the written word. Then I take up the assertion that I exclude the symbolic dimension of experience from my account, and indeed that I seek to eliminate the symbolic from our interactions with others. Finally, I refute his claim (...)
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  9. Should Positive Claims of Conscience Receive the Same Protection as Negative Claims of Conscience? Clarifying the Asymmetry Debate.Abram Brummett - 2020 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 31 (2).
    In the debate over clinicians’ conscience, there is a greater ethical, legal, and scholarly focus on negative, rather than positive, claims of conscience. This asymmetry produces a seemingly unjustified double standard with respect to clinicians’ conscience under the law. For example, a Roman Catholic physician working at a secular institution may refuse to provide physician-aid-in-dying on the basis of conscience, but a secular physician working at a Roman Catholic institution may not insist on providing physician-aid-in-dying on the basis of conscience. (...)
     
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  10.  44
    Taxonomizing Views of Clinical Ethics Expertise.Erica K. Salter & Abram Brummett - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (11):50-61.
    Our aim in this article is to bring some clarity to the clinical ethics expertise debate by critiquing and replacing the taxonomy offered by the Core Competencies report. The orienting question for our taxonomy is: Can clinical ethicists offer justified, normative recommendations for active patient cases? Views that answer “no” are characterized as a “negative” view of clinical ethics expertise and are further differentiated based on (a) why they think ethicists cannot give justified normative recommendations and (b) what they think (...)
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  11.  2
    Truth Eternal and the Adversity of Diversity Law: A Simple Philosophy of Truth.Abram Allen - 2005 - Hamilton Books.
    Truth Eternal and the Adversity of Diversity Law sheds new light on the problem of truth, and its power to create, sustain, and account for all things. It also seeks to convey some new insights into how truth inconspicuously pervades every element of creation. Silent and unseen, it grounds time and the flow of events within it.
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  12. Pillars of the Christian Faith.Abram Miller Long - 1947
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  13.  10
    Digitising Leiden University's Special Collections on Demand.Abram Wagenaar - 2009 - Logos 20 (1):64-69.
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  14. American Overture: Jewish Rights in Colonial Times.Abram Vossen Goodman - 1947
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  15. V pomoshchʹ izuchai︠u︡shchim knigu V.I. Lenina "Materializm i ėmpiriokritit︠s︡izm".Abram Osipovich Sternin - 1964 - Moskva: Vysshai︠a︡ shkola.
     
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  16.  59
    Motivational properties of frustration: I. Effect on a running response of the addition of frustration to the motivational complex.Abram Amsel & Jacqueline Roussel - 1952 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (5):363.
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  17.  56
    Short-term and long-term factors in extinction and durable persistence.Abram Amsel, Paul T. Wong & Kenneth L. Traupmann - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (1):90.
  18.  64
    Unconscious semantic priming in the absence of partial awareness☆.Richard L. Abrams & Jessica Grinspan - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):942-953.
    In a recent paper in Psychological Science, Kouider and Dupoux reported obtaining unconscious Stroop priming only when subjects had partial awareness of the masked distractor words . Kouider and Dupoux conjectured that semantic priming occurs only when such partial awareness is present. The present experiments tested this conjecture in an affective categorization priming task that differed from Kouider and Dupoux’s in using masked distractors that subjects had practiced earlier as visible words. Experiment 1 showed priming from practiced words when subjects (...)
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  19. Active and Passive Euthanasia.Natalie Abrams - 1978 - Philosophy 53 (204):257 - 263.
    This paper is divided into three sections. The first presents some examples of the killing/letting die distinction. The second draws a further distinction between what I call negative and positive cases of acting or refraining. Here I argue that the moral significance of the acting/refraining distinction is different for positive and for negative cases. In the third section I apply the above distinction to euthanasia, and argue that mercy killing should be regarded as analogous to positive rather than negative cases. (...)
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  20. The Traumatic Neuroses of War.Abram Kardiner - 1942 - Science and Society 6 (1):82-84.
     
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  21.  21
    Trans animisms.Abram J. Lewis - 2017 - Angelaki 22 (2):203-215.
    This article examines a handful of recent creative works that reflect speculatively on transgender pasts. I argue that each of these creative texts uses ontological interventions to reimagine moments in trans activist history that scholars have narrated only in terms of the attenuation of sociality and of political participation. These works do this by ratifying trans activists’ relations of reciprocity with extraordinary entities that are not often supported by secular and anthropocentric historiographies. Instead of engaging accounts of coalition work with (...)
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  22. Notes and News.Abram Lipsky - 1910 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 7:139.
     
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  23.  14
    Wellesley College Studies in Psychology.Abram Lipsky - 1910 - Journal of Philosophy 7:135.
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  24.  44
    Optimality in human motor performance: Ideal control of rapid aimed movements.David E. Meyer, Richard A. Abrams, Sylvan Kornblum & Charles E. Wright - 1988 - Psychological Review 95 (3):340-370.
  25.  33
    Secular Clinical Ethicists Should Not Be Neutral Toward All Religious Beliefs: An Argument for a Moral-Metaphysical Proceduralism.Abram L. Brummett - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (6):5-16.
    Moral pluralism poses a foundational problem for secular clinical ethics: How can ethical dilemmas be resolved in a context where there is disagreement not only on particular cases, but further, on...
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  26.  25
    The combination of a primary appetitional need with primary and secondary emotionally derived needs.Abram Amsel - 1950 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (1):1.
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  27.  17
    Colvin's Studies from the Psychological Laboratory of the University of Illinois.Abram Lipsky - 1910 - Journal of Philosophy 7:274.
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  28.  54
    Aesthetics of Self-Fashioning.Jerold J. Abrams - forthcoming - Philosophy Today.
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  29.  16
    Humanists Hate Math: Certainty, Dubitability, and Tradition in Descartes’s Rules.Abram Kaplan - 2024 - Isis 115 (1):23-45.
    Descartes’s arguments about the certainty of mathematics in the Rules for the Direction of the Mind cannot be understood independently of his attack on the authority of ancient authors. The author maintains this view by reading Descartes’s claims about mathematics through the lens of status theory, a framework for disputation revived by Renaissance dialecticians. Within status theory, “certainty” was closely associated with consensus. The essay shows how Descartes used status to attack the authority of the ancient authors and elevate mathematics (...)
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  30.  20
    An introduction to the philosophy of science.Abram Cornelius Benjamin - 1937 - New York,: The Macmillan company.
  31. The Negro as Capitalist.Abram L. Harris - 1937 - Science and Society 1 (2):260-262.
     
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  32. The Individual and His Society: The Psychodynamics of Primitive Social Organization.Abram Kardiner - 1947 - Science and Society 11 (1):80-85.
     
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  33.  22
    The Quasi-religious Nature of Clinical Ethics Consultation.Abram Brummett - 2020 - HEC Forum 32 (3):199-209.
    What is the proper role of a clinical ethics consultant’s religious beliefs in forming recommendations for clinical ethics consultation? Where Janet Malek has argued that religious belief should have no influence on the formation of a CEC’s recommendations, Clint Parker has argued a CEC should freely appeal to all their background beliefs, including religious beliefs, in formulating their recommendations. In this paper, I critique both their views by arguing the position envisioned by Malek puts the CEC too far from religion (...)
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  34.  12
    Locked In.Abram Brummett - 2022 - Hastings Center Report 52 (6):4-5.
    Tiffany was seventeen when injury to her brain stem put her in the intensive care unit on life‐sustaining treatment and in a permanently locked‐in state—fully conscious but able to control no bodily movements other than her eye movements. As a clinical ethicist at the hospital, I was consulted by her neurologist, who had established a blink‐once‐for‐yes, twice‐for‐no system of communication so that Tiffany could respond to questions. Her mother wanted Tiffany to continue receiving treatment that could prolong her life for (...)
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  35.  43
    Arousal, Suppression, and Persistence: Frustration Theory, Attention, and its Disorders.Abram Amsel - 1990 - Cognition and Emotion 4 (3):239-268.
  36.  21
    Frustrative factors in selective learning with reward and nonreward as discriminanda.Abram Amsel & David L. Prouty - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (4):224.
  37.  23
    Generalization of fear-motivated interference with water intake.Abram Amsel & Keith F. Cole - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 46 (4):243.
  38.  19
    Number of food pellets, goal approaches, and the partial reinforcement effect after minimal acquisition.Abram Amsel, James J. Hug & C. Thomas Surridge - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (4):530.
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  39. Catholic Hospitals Should Permit Physicians to Provide Emergency Contraception to Rape Victims as an Act of Conscientious Provision.Abram Brummett, Marlee Mason-Maready & Victoria Whiting - 2022 - The Linacre Quarterly.
    While many Catholic hospitals permit the prescription of the emergency contraception drug levonorgestrel for rape victims, some continue to prohibit this practice as a matter of institutional conscience. While the standard approach to this issue has been to offer an argument that levonorgestrel either is or is not morally permissible, we have taken a different tack. We begin by briefly describing and acknowledging that reasonable disagreement exists on this question (part one), and then arguing that the reasonable disagreement itself can (...)
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  40. Conscientious objection and LGBTQ discrimination in the United States.Abram Brummett & Lisa Campo-Engelstein - 2021 - Journal of Public Health Policy 42 (2).
    Given recent legal developments in the United States, now is a critical time to draw attention to how ‘conscientious objection’ is sometimes used by health care providers to discriminate against the LGBTQ community. We review legal developments from 2019 and present several cases where health care providers used conscientious objection in ways that discriminate against the LGBTQ community, resulting in damaged trust by this underserved population. We then discuss two important conceptual points in this debate. The first involves the interpretation (...)
     
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  41.  10
    Fostering medical staff reflection on the technological alienation of parents in the NICU.Abram Brummett & Annie B. Friedrich - 2022 - Clinical Ethics 17 (4):449-451.
    We describe a case of parents refusing a tracheostomy for an otherwise healthy newborn. The refusal was not honored because permitting the refusal would have violated state law, which required a child to have a qualifying condition (e.g. a terminal diagnosis, permanent unconsciousness, incurable condition with severe suffering) to remove or withhold life-sustaining treatment. However, this case strained the relationship between the parents and medical staff, who worried about sending the newborn home with a tracheostomy where she was not wanted. (...)
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  42. Non-Roman Catholic Physicians Should Be Permitted to Write Prescriptions for Birth Control in Roman Catholic Institutions.Abram Brummett - 2021 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 32 (3).
    The legal and ethical asymmetry between honoring positive claims of conscience versus negative claims of conscience was recently analyzed by several articles in this journal. The first author of this article (ALB) identified unique but defeasible reasons against honoring positive claims of conscience, such as the greater threat they post to institutional values and institutional resources than negative claims of conscience. However, ALB wrote, when these reasons can be overcome, positive claims of conscience should enjoy the same ethical and legal (...)
     
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  43.  46
    John Stuart mill's theory of progress.Abram L. Harris - 1955 - Ethics 66 (3):157-175.
  44.  41
    Utopian elements in Marx's thought.Abram L. Harris - 1949 - Ethics 60 (2):79-99.
  45.  23
    Mapping the Moral Terrain of Clinical Deception.Abram Brummett & Erica K. Salter - 2023 - Hastings Center Report 53 (1):17-25.
    Legal precedent, professional‐society statements, and even many medical ethicists agree that some situations may call for a clinician to engage in an act of lying or nonlying deception of a patient or patient's family member. Still, the moral terrain of clinical deception is largely uncharted, and when it comes to practical guidance for clinicians, many might think that ethicists offer nothing more than the rule never to deceive. This guidance is insufficient to meet the real‐world demands of clinical practice, and (...)
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  46.  57
    An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science.Abram Cornelius Benjamin - 1937 - Journal of Philosophy 34 (22):611.
  47.  41
    Whose harm? Which metaphysic?Abram Brummett - 2019 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 40 (1):43-61.
    Douglas Diekema has argued that it is not the best interest standard, but the harm principle that serves as the moral basis for ethicists, clinicians, and the courts to trigger state intervention to limit parental authority in the clinic. Diekema claims the harm principle is especially effective in justifying state intervention in cases of religiously motivated medical neglect in pediatrics involving Jehovah’s Witnesses and Christian Scientists. I argue that Diekema has not articulated a harm principle that is capable of justifying (...)
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  48. Human Rights, An Overview.Abram Trosky - 2014 - Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology:908–915.
    The discursive character of human rights prevents a precise summary of historical origin, rationale, or definition outside of the various codifications in religious texts, secular philosophies, founding national documents, and international treaties, charters, conventions, covenants, declarations, and protocols. Regarding the objects of human rights, we can speak of a “foundational five” 1) Personal security 2) Material subsistence 3) Elemental equality 4) Personal Freedom and 5) Recognition as a member of the human community. Despite, or perhaps because of its multivalence, the (...)
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  49.  14
    Two Troubling Trends in the Conversation Over Whether Clinical Ethics Consultants Have Ethics Expertise.Abram Brummett & Christopher J. Ostertag - 2018 - HEC Forum 30 (2):157-169.
    In a recent issue of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, several scholars wrote on the topic of ethics expertise in clinical ethics consultation. The articles in this issue exemplified what we consider to be two troubling trends in the quest to articulate a unique expertise for clinical ethicists. The first trend, exemplified in the work of Lisa Rasmussen, is an attempt to define a role for clinical ethicists that denies they have ethics expertise. Rasmussen cites the dependence of ethical (...)
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  50.  32
    When conscientious objection runs amok: A physician refusing HIV preventative to a bisexual patient.Abram Brummett - 2021 - Clinical Ethics 16 (2):151-154.
    This paper reports of a case where a physician conscientiously objected to prescribing PrEP to a bisexual patient so as not to “enable immoral sexual behavior.” The case represents an instance of conscience creep, a phenomenon whereby clinicians invoke conscientious objection in sometimes objectionable ways that extend beyond the traditional contexts of abortion, sterilization, or physician aid in dying. This essay uses a reasonability view of conscientious objection to argue that the above case represents a discriminatory instance of conscience creep (...)
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