Results for 'Achim Hoffmann'

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  1.  7
    Discovery science: 13th international conference, DS 2010, Canberra, Australia, October 6-8, 2010: proceedings.Bernhard Pfahringer, Geoffrey Holmes & Achim Hoffmann (eds.) - 2010 - New York: Springer.
    The LNAI series reports state-of-the-art results in artificial intelligence research, development, and education, at a high level and in both printed and electronic form.
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  2. Can Machines Think? An Old Question Reformulated.Achim Hoffmann - 2010 - Minds and Machines 20 (2):203-212.
    This paper revisits the often debated question Can machines think? It is argued that the usual identification of machines with the notion of algorithm has been both counter-intuitive and counter-productive. This is based on the fact that the notion of algorithm just requires an algorithm to contain a finite but arbitrary number of rules. It is argued that intuitively people tend to think of an algorithm to have a rather limited number of rules. The paper will further propose a modification (...)
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  3.  50
    Unconscious priming according to multiple s-r rules.Andrea Kiesel, Wilfried Kunde & Joachim Hoffmann - 2007 - Cognition 104 (1):89-105.
  4. Problems with Peirce's concept of abduction.Michael Hoffmann - 1999 - Foundations of Science 4 (3):271-305.
    Abductive reasoning takes place in forming``hypotheses'''' in order to explain ``facts.'''' Thus, theconcept of abduction promises an understanding ofcreativity in science and learning. It raises,however, also a lot of problems. Some of them will bediscussed in this paper. After analyzing thedifference between induction and abduction (1), Ishall discuss Peirce''s claim that there is a ``logic''''of abduction (2). The thesis is that this claim can beunderstood, if we make a clear distinction between inferential elements and perceptive elements of abductive reasoning. For (...)
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  5. Philosophy of and as interdisciplinarity.Michael Hg Hoffmann, Jan C. Schmidt & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2013 - Synthese 190 (11):1857-1864.
  6.  8
    Pac Structures as Invariants of Finite Group Actions.Daniel Max Hoffmann & Piotr Kowalski - forthcoming - Journal of Symbolic Logic:1-36.
    We study model theory of actions of finite groups on substructures of a stable structure. We give an abstract description of existentially closed actions as above in terms of invariants and PAC structures. We show that if the corresponding PAC property is first order, then the theory of such actions has a model companion. Then, we analyze some particular theories of interest (mostly various theories of fields of positive characteristic) and show that in all the cases considered the PAC property (...)
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  7.  81
    Philosophy of and as interdisciplinarity.Michael H. G. Hoffmann, Jan C. Schmidt & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2013 - Synthese 190 (11):1857-1864.
  8.  72
    Reflective Argumentation: A Cognitive Function of Arguing.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2016 - Argumentation 30 (4):365-397.
    Why do we formulate arguments? Usually, things such as persuading opponents, finding consensus, and justifying knowledge are listed as functions of arguments. But arguments can also be used to stimulate reflection on one’s own reasoning. Since this cognitive function of arguments should be important to improve the quality of people’s arguments and reasoning, for learning processes, for coping with “wicked problems,” and for the resolution of conflicts, it deserves to be studied in its own right. This contribution develops first steps (...)
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  9.  14
    Reflective Consensus Building on Wicked Problems with the Reflect! Platform.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (2):793-819.
    Wicked problems—that is, problems that can be framed in a number of different ways, depending on who is looking at them—pose ethical challenges for professionals that have scarcely been recognized as such. Even though wicked problems are all around us, they are rarely addressed in education. A reason for this failure might be that wicked problems pose almost insurmountable challenges in educational settings. This contribution shows how students can learn to cope with wicked problems in problem-based learning projects that are (...)
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  10.  25
    Perceived realism of dynamic facial expressions of emotion: Optimal durations for the presentation of emotional onsets and offsets.Holger Hoffmann, Harald C. Traue, Franziska Bachmayr & Henrik Kessler - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (8):1369-1376.
  11. Conscience and synderesis.Tobias Hoffmann - 2011 - In Brian Davies & Eleonore Stump (eds.), The Oxford handbook of Aquinas. New York: Oxford University Press.
    This article gives a basic account of Aquinas’s theory of “synderesis” and conscience. Aquinas understands synderesis as an infallible moral awareness and conscience as the fallible judgment that applies a general moral conviction to a concrete case. The article also compares Aquinas’s and his contemporaries’ theories of whether erring conscience is morally binding, that is, whether to act in accord with erring conscience or against erring conscience is sinful.
     
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  12.  44
    Philosophy of Interdisciplinarity. Workshop Report.Michael H. G. Hoffmann & Jan C. Schmidt - 2011 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 42 (1):169-175.
  13.  14
    Paris vs. Prague: A “Suspicion of Fraud”: Ernst Mach Argues over Photographs and Epistemological Prerequisites.Christoph Hoffmann - 2016 - Science in Context 29 (4):409-427.
    ArgumentIn spring 1888, an anonymous critic raised severe doubts about Ernst Mach's and Peter Salcher's studies, published one year before, on the processes in the air caused by very rapid projectiles. Paraphrasing the experiments for the French popular science magazineLa Nature, the critic insinuated that the photographs upon which Mach and Salcher's argument were ostensibly based must have been of such low quality that they did not allow any well-founded conclusion. The critic did not deny the phenomena Mach and Salcher (...)
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  14. Review Article of The Theological Quodlibeta in the Middle Ages, 2 vols., edited by Christopher Schabel.Tobias Hoffmann - 2009 - Vivarium 47 (1):128-135.
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  15.  4
    Pac Structures as Invariants of Finite Group Actions – Erratum.Daniel Max Hoffmann & Piotr Kowalski - forthcoming - Journal of Symbolic Logic:1-1.
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  16. Leben und Tod in der stoischen Philosophie.Ernst Hoffmann - 1947 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 1 (2):434-434.
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  17.  22
    Rationality applied: resolving the two envelopes problem.Christian Hugo Hoffmann - 2023 - Theory and Decision 94 (4):555-573.
    The Two Envelopes Problem is a beautiful and quite confusing problem in decision theory which is ca. 35 years old and has provoked at least 150 papers directly addressing the problem and displaying a surprising variety of different responses. This paper finds decisive progress in an approach of Priest and Restall in 2003, contends that the recent papers having appeared since did not really go beyond that paper, argues further that Priest’s and Restall’s solution is still not complete, and proposes (...)
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  18. Qualitative thinking in the age of modern computational chemistry, or What Lionel Salem knows.Roald Hoffmann - 2012 - In Roald Hoffmann on the philosophy, art, and science of chemistry. Oxford University Press.
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  19. Moral Action as Human Action: End and Object in Aquinas in Comparison with Abelard, Lombard, Albert, and Scotus.Tobias Hoffmann - 2003 - The Thomist 67 (1):73–94.
    This article examines different medieval explanations of the causes of moral goodness, principally the end of the agent and the object of the action. Special attention is given to Thomas Aquinas, who considers the end (that which is willed) to be not only the origin of moral goodness, but also its main criterion. Peter Abelard, whose ethics I argue to be non-subjectivist, had developed a similar theory, though the vocabulary he uses is not very refined. By contrast, for Albert and (...)
     
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  20.  10
    Questions sur la métaphysique by Jean Duns Scot.Tobias Hoffmann - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (3):503-505.
    The Questions on Aristotle’s Metaphysics is Duns Scotus’s most important philosophical work. While Scotus’s obscurity is proverbial, that work adds additional layers of impenetrability, so much so that its fifteenth-century editor spoke of a chaos metaphysicum. In the last twenty-five years, scholars have brought a lot of clarity to this chaos, which is partly due to the difficulty of Scotus’s thought and writing style, and partly to the complicated textual tradition of this work. A further contribution to greater readability of (...)
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  21. Chapter 13.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 1996 - In Das Problem der Zukunft im Rahmen holistischer Ethiken. Im Ausgang von Platon und Peirce. Edition Tertium. pp. 105-118.
    Some “of the most influential and prominent scholars in the field of Peirce studies” were asked to answer five questions: 1) Why were you initially drawn to Peirce? 2) What do you consider your contribution to the field? 3) What is the proper role of Peirce’s work in relation to philosophy and other academic disciplines? 4) What do you consider the most important topics and/or contributions in the field of Peirce studies? 5) What are the most important open problems in (...)
     
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  22. Consciousness as practical apperception-The theory of consciousness in Kant's' Ethik-Vorlesungen'.T. S. Hoffmann - 2002 - Kant Studien 93 (4):424-443.
  23. Choix de discours, etc. La religion basée sur la morale.P. Hoffmann - 1891 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 32:305-306.
     
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  24.  9
    Cognitive effects of argument visualization tools.Michael Hoffmann - 2011 - Argumentation: Cognition and Community. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation (OSSA), May 18-21, 2011.
    External representations play a crucial role in learning. At the same time, cognitive load theory suggests that the possibility of learning depends on limited resources of the working memory and on cognitive load imposed by instructional design and representation tools. Both these observations motivate a critical look at Computer-Supported Argument Visualization tools that are supposed to facilitate learning. This paper uses cognitive load theory to compare the cognitive efficacy of RationaleTM 2 and AGORA.
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  25. Cogniç' e Pensamento Diagramático.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 1996 - In Das Problem der Zukunft im Rahmen holistischer Ethiken. Im Ausgang von Platon und Peirce. Edition Tertium.
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  26. Lernende lernen abduktiv: eine Methodologie kreativen Denkens.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 1996 - In Das Problem der Zukunft im Rahmen holistischer Ethiken. Im Ausgang von Platon und Peirce. Edition Tertium.
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  27. Le problème de la bonne foi dans la Profession de foi du Vicaire savoyard. Réflexions sur quelques points de la lecture mennaisienne de Rousseau.P. Hoffmann - 1987 - Revue D'Histoire Et de Philosophie Religieuses 67 (1):19-36.
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  28. „ Unsere Zutat&ldquor.T. S. Hoffmann - 2007 - Synthesis Philosophica 22 (1):87.
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  29. Maniobras.Álvaro Moreno Hoffmann - 2007 - In M. Munévar & Dora Inés (eds.), Artes viv(id)as: despliegues en la vida cotidiana. Bogotá: Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Dirección de Investigación.
     
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  30. Mathematik als Prozess der Verallgemeinerung von Zeichen: Eine exemplarische Unterrichtseinheit zur Entdeckung der Inkommensurabilität.Michael H. G. Hoffmann & Marcel Plöger - 2000 - Zeitschrift Für Semiotik 22:81–114.
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  31. Musiktherapie bei chronischen Schmerzen.P. Hoffmann - 1998 - Kairos: Revista de Temas Sociales 2:64-71.
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  32. Molecular beauty.Roald Hoffmann - 2012 - In Roald Hoffmann on the philosophy, art, and science of chemistry. Oxford University Press.
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  33. Maria im Heilswerk.A. Hoffmann - 1955 - Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie Und Theologie 2 (2):206.
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  34. Mein Leben Teil 2 = My life part 2 (2003) : reflections about recent autobiographical documentaries.Hilde W. Hoffmann - 2007 - In Vera Apfelthaler & Julia Köhne (eds.), Gendered Memories: Transgressions in German and Israeli Film and Theatre. Turia + Kant.
     
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  35.  14
    Processes on Paper: Writing Procedures as Non-Material Research Devices.Christoph Hoffmann - 2013 - Science in Context 26 (2):279-303.
    ArgumentThe paper focuses on the instrumentality of writing in the context of scientific research. It is suggested that the tool-character of writing is related to specific writing procedures, such as the list. These procedures can vary in their degree of complexity and often follow rules that are not codified. In any case, writing procedures can be characterized as non-material devices of “concretion.” Two examples from the notebooks of the physicist and philosopher of science, Ernst Mach (1838–1916), will help to develop (...)
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  36. Primordial ownership versus dispossession of the body : a contribution to the problem of cloning from the perspective of classical European philosophy of law.Thomas Sören Hoffmann - 2006 - In Heiner Roetz (ed.), Cross-cultural issues in bioethics: the example of human cloning. New York, NY: Rodopi.
     
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  37. Peirces Philosophie der Wissenschaft, Logik und Erkenntnistheorie.(Teil 2).Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2004 - Philosophische Rundschau 51 (4):296-313.
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  38. Peirces Philosophie der Wissenschaft, Logik und Erkenntnistheorie. Neuere Publikationen und Editionen.(1. Teil).Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2004 - Philosophische Rundschau 51 (3):193-211.
    Review of about ten books relating to Peirce's philosophy of science, of mathematics, and his logics.
     
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  39. Peirce's philosophy of science, logic and epistemology. New publications and editions. 1.M. H. G. Hoffmann - 2004 - Philosophische Rundschau 51 (3):193-211.
     
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  40. Peirce's philosophy on science, logic and perception theory.M. H. G. Hoffmann - 2004 - Philosophische Rundschau 51 (4):296-313.
     
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  41.  3
    Principia Platonica restituta.Thomas Sören Hoffmann - 1997 - Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 22 (1):69-82.
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  42.  2
    Philosophische schriften.Franz Hoffmann, Franz von Baader, Johann Caspar Bluntschli, Johann Gottlieb Fichte & Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel - 1878 - Deichert.
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  43. Platonismus Und Mystik Im Altertum.Ernst Hoffmann - 1935 - C. Winter.
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  44. Part 2: Writing and communicating in chemistry. 13. Under the surface of the chemical article.Roald Hoffmann - 2012 - In Roald Hoffmann on the philosophy, art, and science of chemistry. Oxford University Press.
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  45.  8
    Précis zu: Menschliche Individualität. Eine Studie zu den epistemologischen Grundlagen des menschlichen Selbstverständnisses.Martin Hoffmann - 2022 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 76 (4):560-564.
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  46. Quantum Theory Centenary: the pre- and early history.Dieter Hoffmann, J. Lemmerich & Ann Hentschel (eds.) - 2000 - Bad Honnef: Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.
  47. Ron Arkin's 2013 argument for a moratorium on deployment, but no ban of lethal autonmous robots.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - forthcoming - .
     
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  48.  7
    Replik auf Halbig und Reichold.Martin Hoffmann - 2022 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 76 (4):575-579.
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  49.  5
    René Descartes.Abraham Hoffmann - 1905 - Stuttgart,: F. Frommanns Verlag (E. Hauff).
    Excerpt from Rene Descartes Descartes zieht sich in die Niederlande zuruck. Naheres uber die dortigen Zustande. 2. Verwerfung aller dog matiscben Voraussetzungen. Allgemeine metaphysische Grundlegung. 3. Es fehlt ihr noch die systematische Durch bildung. 4. Beschaftigung mit den mannigfachsten natur wissenschaftlichen Problemen. Heitere Stimmung des Philo 80phen. 5. Ausarbeitung einer Weltbildungstheorie. Die Grunde, weswegen das _werk nicht veroffentlicht wird. 6. Uber Descartes' Beurteilung der wissenschaftlichen Ver dienste Galileis 7. Liebesverhaltnis zwischen Descartes und einer Hollanderin. 8. Herausgabe einer Reihe wissenschaft licher (...)
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  50.  7
    Rituais Fúnebres em memórias de velhos.Marisete Teresinha Hoffmann-Horochovski & José Miguel Rasia - 2011 - Horizonte 9 (24):1113-1130.
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