Results for 'Addy Pross'

180 found
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  1.  60
    What is Life?: How Chemistry Becomes Biology.Addy Pross - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Livings things are so very strange -- The quest for a theory of life -- Understanding 'understanding' -- Stability and instability -- The knotty origin of life problem -- Biology's crisis of identity -- Biology is chemistry -- What is life?
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  2.  30
    Final Discussion: Issues and Challenges for the Future.Rony Armon, Ulrich Charpa, Eric Davidson, Ute Deichmann, Raphael Falk, John Glass, Shimon Glick, Manfred Laubichler, Michel Morange, Isaac, Addy Pross, Siegfried Roth & Varda Shoshan-Barmatz - 2012 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 55 (4):608-611.
  3.  4
    Thought and Change.Laird Addis - 1970 - Philosophy of Science 37 (1):159-162.
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  4.  20
    I. Addis on Analysing Disposition Concepts.Fred Wilson - 1985 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 28 (1-4):247-260.
    Addis (1981) has criticized a proposal of ours (Wilson [1969b]) for analysing disposition predications in terns of the horseshoe of material implication, and has proposed a related but significantly different analysis. This paper restates the original proposal, and defends it against Addis's criticisms. It is further argued that his proposal will not do as a general account of disposition predications; that, however, if it is suitably qualified, then it does account for certain special sorts of disposition predication; but that so (...)
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  5.  21
    The Cognitive Neuroscience of Constructive Memory: Remembering the Past and Imagining the Future.Daniel L. Schacter & Donna Rose Addis - 2008 - In Jon Driver, Patrick Haggard & Tim Shallice (eds.), Mental Processes in the Human Brain. Oxford University Press.
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  6.  36
    Mental Time Travel? A Neurocognitive Model of Event Simulation.Donna Rose Addis - 2020 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 11 (2):233-259.
    Mental time travel is defined as projecting the self into the past and the future. Despite growing evidence of the similarities of remembering past and imagining future events, dominant theories conceive of these as distinct capacities. I propose that memory and imagination are fundamentally the same process – constructive episodic simulation – and demonstrate that the ‘simulation system’ meets the three criteria of a neurocognitive system. Irrespective of whether one is remembering or imagining, the simulation system: acts on the same (...)
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  7. ADDIS, M.-Wittgenstein. [REVIEW]B. Bix - 2000 - Philosophical Books 41 (4):267-268.
     
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  8. Marx's Social Ontology.Laird Addis - 1980 - Noûs 14 (4):648-652.
  9.  5
    L. Addis and D. Lewis's "Moore and Ryle: Two Ontologists". [REVIEW]Richard Koehl - 1968 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 29 (1):140.
  10. Mark Addis, Wittgenstein: A Guide for the Perplexed Reviewed By.Jesper Garsdal - 2007 - Philosophy in Review 27 (3):159-161.
     
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  11. Mark Addis, Wittgenstein: A Guide for the Perplexed.Jesper Garsdal - 2007 - Philosophy in Review 27 (3):159.
     
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  12. Forget About the Future: Effects of Thought Suppression on Memory for Imaginary Emotional Episodes.Nathan A. Ryckman, Donna Rose Addis, Andrew J. Latham & Anthony J. Lambert - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (1):200-206.
    Whether intentional suppression of an unpleasant or unwanted memory reduces the ability to recall that memory subsequently is a contested issue in contemporary memory research. Building on findings that similar processes are recruited when individuals remember the past and imagine the future, we measured the effects of thought suppression on memory for imagined future scenarios. Thought suppression reduced the ability to recall emotionally negative scenarios, but not those that were emotionally positive. This finding suggests that intentionally avoiding thoughts about emotionally (...)
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  13.  13
    Dispositions and the verbal description of their manifestations: a case study on Emission Verbs.Tillmann Pross - 2020 - Linguistics and Philosophy 43 (2):149-191.
    The present paper argues that when thematic roles are restricted to judgments about causal properties of events, it falls short of accounting for cases where thematic roles reflect judgments about dispositional properties of objects. I develop my argument with a case study on a class of verbs that have been called ‘Emission Verbs’ and which are difficult to bring in line with the unaccusativity hypothesis put forward by Perlmutter. Reviewing two diametrically opposed accounts of Emission Verbs in the literature, I (...)
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  14. Laird Addis, Of Mind and Music. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999, 146 Pp.(Indexed). ISBN 0-8014-3589-7, $29.95 (Hb). Arthur Isak Applebaum, Ethics for Adversaries: The Morality of Roles in Public and Professional Life. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999, 273 Pp.(Indexed). ISBN 0691-00712-8, $29.95 (Hb). [REVIEW]Machines Can Do - 2000 - Journal of Value Inquiry 34:585-588.
     
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  15. ADDIS, Laird and LEWIS, Douglas.-"Moore and Ryle: Two Ontologists". [REVIEW]Alan R. White - 1967 - Philosophy 42:176.
     
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  16.  35
    Seeking Allies: Modelling How Listeners Choose Their Musical Friends. [REVIEW]Dave Billinge & Tom Addis - 2008 - Foundations of Science 13 (1):53-66.
    In this paper we describe in some detail a formal computer model of inferential discourse based on a belief system. The key issue is that a logical model in a computer, based on rational sets, can usefully model a human situation based on irrational sets. The background of this work is explained elsewhere, as is the issue of rational and irrational sets (Billinge and Addis, in: Magnani and Dossena (eds.), Computing, philosophy and cognition, 2004; Stepney et al., Journey: Non-classical philosophy—socially (...)
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  17.  38
    On the Constructive Episodic Simulation of Past and Future Events.Daniel L. Schacter & Donna Rose Addis - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):331-332.
    We consider the relation between past and future events from the perspective of the constructive episodic simulation hypothesis, which holds that episodic simulation of future events requires a memory system that allows the flexible recombination of details from past events into novel scenarios. We discuss recent neuroimaging and behavioral evidence that support this hypothesis in relation to the theater production metaphor.
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  18.  17
    Intrinsic Reference and the New Theory.Laird Addis - 1989 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 14 (1):241-257.
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  19. Laird Addis, Natural Signs: A Theory of Intentionality. [REVIEW]Dale Jacquette - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11:1-3.
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  20.  4
    Addiταμεντum.Paul Wendland & Samuel Landauer - 1903 - In Paul Wendland & Samuel Landauer (eds.), Pars V: Themistii in Aristotelis Metaphysicorum Librum L Paraphrasis Hebraice Et Latine. Pars Vi: Themastii in Parva Naturalia Commentarium. De Gruyter.
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  21.  10
    Breaking Through the Postwar Coverup of Nazi Doctors in Germany.C. Pross - 1991 - Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (Suppl):13-16.
  22. Modelling Experiments as Mediating Models.D. C. Gooding & T. R. Addis - 2008 - Foundations of Science 13 (1):17-35.
    Syntactic and structural models specify relationships between their constituents but cannot show what outcomes their interaction would produce over time in the world. Simulation consists in iterating the states of a model, so as to produce behaviour over a period of simulated time. Iteration enables us to trace the implications and outcomes of inference rules and other assumptions implemented in the models that make up a theory. We apply this method to experiments which we treat as models of the particular (...)
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  23. Laird Addis, Natural Signs: A Theory of Intentionality Reviewed By.Dale Jacquette - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11 (1):1-3.
     
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  24.  5
    When the Law Makes Doors Slightly Open: Ethical Dilemmas Among Abortion Service Providers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Emily McLean, Dawit Nima Desalegn, Astrid Blystad & Ingrid Miljeteig - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-10.
    In 2005, Ethiopia changed its abortion law to curb its high maternal mortality. This has led to a considerable reduction in deaths from unsafe abortions. Abortion is now legal if the woman’s pregnancy is a result of rape or incest, if her health is endangered, if the fetus has a serious deformity, if she suffers from a physical or mental deficiency, or if she is under 18 years of age. The word of the woman, if in compliance with the law, (...)
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  25. Linguistic Competence and Expertise.Mark Addis - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (2):327-336.
    Questions about the relationship between linguistic competence and expertise will be examined in the paper. Harry Collins and others distinguish between ubiquitous and esoteric expertise. Collins places considerable weight on the argument that ordinary linguistic competence and related phenomena exhibit a high degree of expertise. His position and ones which share close affinities are methodologically problematic. These difficulties matter because there is continued and systematic disagreement over appropriate methodologies for the empirical study of expertise. Against Collins, it will be argued (...)
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  26.  17
    The Logic of Society: A Philosophical Study.Laird Addis - 1975 - Minneapolis, MN, USA: University of Minnesota Press.
    I Introduction In recent years there have arisen from several quarters, even within analytic philosophy itself, various challenges to the "positivist" ...
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  27.  71
    Of Mind and Music.Laird Addis - 1999 - Cornell University Press.
    In this account of the way in which we understand music, Laird Addis explains how sounds can have such profound effects on those listening to them.
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  28.  1
    Response to Pross.F. Weinberger - 1992 - Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (4):219-219.
  29.  5
    Pitch and Pitch Change Interact in Auditory Displays.Bruce N. Walker & Addie Ehrenstein - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 6 (1):15-30.
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  30.  34
    Natural Signs.Laird Addis - 1983 - Review of Metaphysics 36 (3):543 - 568.
    AN entity is a natural sign if by its very nature it represents some other entity or would-be entity. Many different kinds of things are said to represent other things, and in many cases it is recognized that the connection is purely conventional, in others that it is partly conventional being based in some sense on natural relations, and perhaps in yet others purely natural. My thesis is that a thought and a thought alone is, or contains as a constituent, (...)
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  31.  24
    Natural Signs: A Theory of Intentionality.Laird ADDIS - 1989 - Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
  32.  82
    The Abductive Loop: Tracking Irrational Sets.Tom Addis, Jan Townsend Addis, Dave Billinge, David Gooding & Bart-Floris Visscher - 2008 - Foundations of Science 13 (1):5-16.
    We argue from the Church-Turing thesis (Kleene Mathematical logic. New York: Wiley 1967) that a program can be considered as equivalent to a formal language similar to predicate calculus where predicates can be taken as functions. We can relate such a calculus to Wittgenstein’s first major work, the Tractatus, and use the Tractatus and its theses as a model of the formal classical definition of a computer program. However, Wittgenstein found flaws in his initial great work and he explored these (...)
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  33.  99
    Simulation Methods for an Abductive System in Science.T. R. Addis & D. C. Gooding - 2008 - Foundations of Science 13 (1):37-52.
    We argue that abduction does not work in isolation from other inference mechanisms and illustrate this through an inference scheme designed to evaluate multiple hypotheses. We use game theory to relate the abductive system to actions that produce new information. To enable evaluation of the implications of this approach we have implemented the procedures used to calculate the impact of new information in a computer model. Experiments with this model display a number of features of collective belief-revision leading to consensus-formation, (...)
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  34.  43
    Behaviorism and the Philosophy of the Act.Laird Addis - 1982 - Noûs 16 (3):399-420.
    Behaviorism and the philosophy of the act are widely believed to be inconsistent with one another. I argue that both are true, Fulfilling the requirements of scientific psychology and the phenomenology of mind, Respectively. The key to understanding their mutual consistency lies in the idea of parallelism and its corresponding requirement that all descriptive features of mental states be analyzed as properties, None as relations (to anything physical). So the intentional link itself must be a 'logical' and not a descriptive (...)
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  35. The Logic of Society.Laird Addis - 1975 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 7 (2):404-408.
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  36.  21
    Pains and Other Secondary Mental Entities.Laird Addis - 1986 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (1):59-74.
  37.  2
    Personality Traits in Marathon Runners and Sedentary Controls With MMPI-2-RF.Astrid Roeh, Rolf R. Engel, Moritz Lembeck, Benjamin Pross, Irina Papazova, Julia Schoenfeld, Martin Halle, Peter Falkai, Johannes Scherr & Alkomiet Hasan - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  38.  14
    Review of Laird Addis, Ontology and Explanation: Collected Papers[REVIEW]Katalin Farkas - 2008 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (8).
  39. Particulars and Acquaintance.Laird Addis - 1967 - Philosophy of Science 34 (3):251-259.
    Philosophers who hold that the correct ontological analysis of things includes both properties and particulars have often been pressed to "show" the particular. If we are not acquainted with them, it is argued, then we should not suppose that they exist. I argue that, while we do have good and sufficient reasons for supposing there to be particulars, we are not acquainted with them. To suppose that we are acquainted with them is to treat particulars as if they were properties (...)
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  40.  22
    Introduction.Mark Addis & Christopher Winch - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 51 (3):557-573.
    This volume brings together a number of related contributions on the topic of expertise and education. Expertise is a topic that is beginning to receive more attention in the Philosophy of Education and discussions are closely related to the epistemological debate concerning the nature of know-how which has also burgeoned in recent years within ‘mainstream’ epistemology. More specifically, this volume focuses on the relevance of expertise to professional education and practice, with the aim on shedding light on what is involved (...)
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  41.  7
    Decision Making in Healthy Participants on the Iowa Gambling Task: New Insights From an Operant Approach.Peter N. Bull, Lynette J. Tippett & Donna Rose Addis - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  42.  42
    Dispositions, Explanation, and Behavior.Laird Addis - 1981 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 24 (2):205 – 227.
    According to the theory of dispositions here defended, to have a disposition is to have some (non-dispositional) property that enters into a law of a certain form. The theory does not have the crucial difficulty of the singular material implication account of dispositions, but at the same time avoids the unfortunate notion of 'reduction sentences'. It is further argued that no dispositional explanation is one of the covering-law type; but the theory shows how, for any dispositional explanation! To construct a (...)
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  43.  43
    Wittgenstein and Philosophy of Religion.Mark Addis & Robert L. Arrington (eds.) - 2001 - Routledge.
    An exciting introduction to the contribution which the later Wittgenstein made to the philosophy of religion. Although his writings on the subject have been few, Wittgenstein developed influential and controversial theories on both religion which emphasize the distinctive nature of religious discourse and how this nature can be misunderstood when viewed in direct competition with science. The contributors of this collection shed new light on the perennial debate between faith and reason. The result is a collection that is both informative (...)
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  44.  8
    Activity Concepts and Expertise.Mark Addis - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 51 (3):574-587.
  45. Essay Review-Suspension and Belief-Constructing a Bridge: An Exploration of Engineering Culture, Design, and Research in Nineteenth-Century France and America.Eda Kranakis & B. Addis - 1999 - Annals of Science 56 (2):205-210.
     
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  46.  25
    Unified Theories Must Explain the Codependencies Among Perception, Cognition and Action.Robert W. Proctor & Addie Dutta - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):453-454.
  47.  5
    Introduction.Kenneth R. Westphal & Mark Addis - 2020 - SATS 20 (2):79-87.
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  48. Parallelism, Interactionism, and Causation.Laird Addis - 1984 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 9 (1):329-344.
    One may gather from the arguments of two of the last papers published before his death that J. L. Mackie held the following three theses concerning the mind/body problem : (1) There is a distinct realm of mental properties, so a dualism of properties at least is true and materialism false.
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  49. Introduction: Scientific Discovery in the Social Sciences.Peter Sozou, Peter Lane, Mark Addis & Fernand Gobet - 2019 - In Mark Addis, Fernand Gobet & Peter Sozou (eds.), Scientific Discovery in the Social Sciences. Springer Verlag.
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  50. Syntax, Semantics and the Formalisation of Social Science Theories.Petros Stefaneas, Mark Addis & Maria Dimarogkona - 2019 - In Mark Addis, Fernand Gobet & Peter Sozou (eds.), Scientific Discovery in the Social Sciences. Springer Verlag.
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