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  1.  61
    Three Elements of Stakeholder Legitimacy.Adele Santana - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 105 (2):257-265.
    This paper focuses attention on the stakeholder attribute of legitimacy. Drawing upon institutional and stakeholder theories, I develop a framework of stakeholder legitimacy based on its three aspects—legitimacy of the stakeholder as an entity, legitimacy of the stakeholder’s claim, and legitimacy of the stakeholder’s behavior. I assume that stakeholder legitimacy is socially constructed by management and that each of its three aspects exists in degree in the manager’s perception. I discuss how these aspects interact and change over time, and propose (...)
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  2.  69
    Transparency and Social Responsibility Issues for Wikipedia.Adele Santana & Donna J. Wood - 2009 - Ethics and Information Technology 11 (2):133-144.
    Wikipedia is known as a free online encyclopedia. Wikipedia uses largely transparent writing and editing processes, which aim at providing the user with quality information through a democratic collaborative system. However, one aspect of these processes is not transparent—the identity of contributors, editors, and administrators. We argue that this particular lack of transparency jeopardizes the validity of the information being produced by Wikipedia. We analyze the social and ethical consequences of this lack of transparency in Wikipedia for all users, but (...)
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  3.  18
    Ethics and the Networked Business.Adele Santana, Antonino Vaccaro & Donna J. Wood - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (S4):661 - 681.
    Pushing through a logical continuum of closed-to open-system views of organizations necessarily changes the conceptualization of a firm from a strongly bounded entity to a configuration of networks and sub-networks, which exists and operates in a larger systemic network configuration. We unfold a classification of management processes corresponding to views of the firm along the closed/open-systems continuum. We examine ethical issues that are likely to devolve from these classes of management processes, and we suggest typical means by which managers will (...)
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  4.  20
    Introduction to the Special Issue on the Impact of Network Ethics on Business Practices.Antonino Vaccaro, Adele Santana & Donna J. Wood - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (S4):441 - 446.
    This special issue on network ethics offers 15 scholarly articles from a variety of disciplines and fields of study, all aimed at exploring some important aspect of how networks develop, enact, and enforce ethical norms. The articles are ordered according to the levels of analysis each deals with, ranging from the cognitive/intra-personal to the systemic/societal. Taken together, these articles provide a fresh look at how networks are changing the way business is done and the way we think about ethics.
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  5.  10
    Disentangling the Knot: Variable Mixing of Four Motivations for Firms’ Use of Social Practices. [REVIEW]Adele Santana - 2015 - Business and Society 54 (6):763-793.
    The objective of this study is to reach a deeper understanding of the nature of the motivations behind social practices used by firms. The motivation-mix model is a proposal that attempts to classify the different reasons that may motivate the use of each practice. The article proposes that this motivation-mix can be examined as intrafirm, indicating a particular combination for each social practice within each firm, at a given moment. The article argues that the aggregate of motivation-mixes for all social (...)
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  6.  8
    Biodynamic Certification Processes Advancing the Sustainability Agenda in the Wine Industry.Sonja Grabner-Kräuter & Adele Santana - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:95-104.
    The present study explores the impact of the broader environment, the internal and business contexts, and organizational resources on wineries’ decision to become biodynamic certified. We look at, respectively, the respekt-BIODYN certification in Austria and the Demeter certification in Sonoma, CA. Through in-depth, semi-structured interviews with wine industry experts in both countries, we collected data on the reasons why wineries adopt biodynamic practices and become certified; how vintners balance the economic, ecological and social pillars of sustainability; the benefits and challenges (...)
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