Results for 'Adelia M. Peters'

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  1.  24
    Book Reviews Section 4.Adelia M. Peters, Mary B. Harris, Richard T. Walls, George A. Letchworth, Ruth G. Strickland, Thomas L. Patrick, Donald R. Chipley, David R. Stone, Diane Lapp, Joan S. Stark, James W. Wagener, Dewane E. Lamka, Ernest B. Jaski, John Spiess, John D. Lind, Thomas J. la Belle, Erwin H. Goldenstein, George R. la Noue, David M. Rafky, L. D. Haskew, Robert J. Nash, Norman H. Leeseberg, Joseph J. Pizzillo & Vincent Crockenberg - 1973 - Educational Studies 4 (3):169-185.
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  2.  1
    Temporal Logic: From Ancient Ideas to Artificial Intelligence.Peter Øhrstrøm & Per F. V. Hasle - 1995 - Dordrecht and Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Temporal Logic: From Ancient Ideas to Artificial Intelligence deals with the history of temporal logic as well as the crucial systematic questions within the field. The book studies the rich contributions from ancient and medieval philosophy up to the downfall of temporal logic in the Renaissance. The modern rediscovery of the subject, which is especially due to the work of A. N. Prior, is described, leading into a thorough discussion of the use of temporal logic in computer science and the (...)
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  3. In Defence of the Thin Red Line: A Case for Ockhamism.Peter Øhrstrøm - 2009 - Humana Mente 3 (8).
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  4. In Defence of the Thin Red Line: A Case for Ockhamism.Peter Øhrstrøm - 2009 - Humana. Mente 8:17-32.
     
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  5.  79
    Future Contingents.Peter Øhrstrøm & Per Hasle - 2011 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  6.  69
    Lorhard, Ramus, and Timpler and “The Birth of Ontology”.Peter Øhrstrøm & Sara L. Uckelman - 2022 - Journal of Knowledge Structures and Systems 3 (2):48-56.
    This review article offers a discussion of some aspects of the historical and conceptual context when the term “ontology” (Lat. ontologia) was first introduced in the scholarly circles of the early 17th century. In particular, Barry Smith's (2022) analysis of the birth of ontology provides a springboard for some further remarks on the author of the work with the first known occurrence of the word “ontologia”, Jacob Lorhard, including an analysis of his relationship with earlier philosophers Petrus Ramus and Clemens (...)
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  7.  33
    A Critical Discussion of Prior’s Philosophical and Tense-Logical Analysis of the Ideas of Indeterminism and Human Freedom.Peter Øhrstrøm - 2019 - Synthese 196 (1):69-85.
    This paper is a critical discussion of A.N. Prior’s contribution to the modern understanding of indeterminism and human freedom of choice. Prior suggested that these ideas should be conceived in terms of his tense logic. It can be demonstrated that his approach provides an attractive formalization that makes it possible to discuss indeterminism and human freedom of choice in a very precise manner and in a broader metaphysical context. It is also argued that Prior’s development of this approach was closely (...)
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  8.  69
    A. N. Prior's Rediscovery of Tense Logic.Peter Øhrstrøm & Per Hasle - 1993 - Erkenntnis 39 (1):23 - 50.
  9. Logic and Philosophy of Time: Further Themes From Prior.Patrick Blackburn, Per Hasle & Peter Øhrstrøm (eds.) - 2019 - Aalborg University Press.
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  10.  27
    Reviews of William B. Ewald , From Kant to Hubert. A Source Book in the Foundations of Mathematics , 2 Vols., Isbn 0 19 853271 7; Donald Gillies, Artificial Intelligence and Scientific Method , Isbn 0 19 875158 3/875159 1; N. Vassallo, la Depsicologizzazione Deacutelia Logica. Un Confronto Tra Boole E Frege ; G. Schurz, the is-Ought Problem :An Investigation in Philosophical Logic , Isbn 0792344103. [REVIEW]I. Grattam-Guinness, Peter Øhstrøm, R. Bernardi & F. Asenjo - 1998 - History and Philosophy of Logic 19 (1):55-62.
    WILLIAM B. EWALD, From Kant to Hubert. A source book in the foundations of mathematics. Oxford:Clarendon Press, 1997. Two volumes, xviii + 1340pp. £175.00. ISBN 0 19 853271 7 DONALD GILLIES, Artificial Intelligence and Scientific Method. Oxford:Oxford University Press, 1996. xiii+176pp. £35.00 /£ 11.99. ISBN 0 19 875158 3/875159 1 N. VASSALLO, La depsicologizzazione délia logica. Un confronto tra Boole e Frege. Milano:Franco Angeli, 1995. 310 pp. 34,000 L G. SCHURZ, The Is-Ought Problem :An Investigation in Philosophical Logic. Dordrecht, Boston (...)
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  11. Problems Regarding the Future Operator in an Indeterministic Tense Logic.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1981 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 18:81-95.
     
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  12.  72
    Anselm, Ockham and Leibniz on Divine Foreknowledge and Human Freedom.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1984 - Erkenntnis 21 (2):209 - 222.
  13.  67
    Branching Time, Indeterminism and Tense Logic: Unveiling the Prior–Kripke Letters.Thomas Ploug & Peter Øhrstrøm - 2012 - Synthese 188 (3):367-379.
    This paper deals with the historical and philosophical background of the introduction of the notion of branching time in philosophical logic as it is revealed in the hitherto unpublished mail-correspondence between Saul Kripke and A.N. Prior in the late 1950s. The paper reveals that the idea was first suggested by Saul Kripke in a letter to A.N. Prior, dated September 3, 1958, and it is shown how the elaboration of the idea in the course of the correspondence was intimately intervowen (...)
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  14.  38
    Prior’s Defence of Hintikka’s Theorem. A Discussion of Prior’s ‘The Logic of Obligation and the Obligations of the Logician’.Peter Øhrstrøm, Jörg Zeller & Ulrik Sandborg-Petersen - 2012 - Synthese 188 (3):449-454.
    In his paper, The logic of obligation and the obligations of the logician, A.N. Prior considers Hintikka's theorem, according to which a statement cannot be both impossible and permissible. This theorem has been seen as problematic for the very idea of a logic of obligation. However, Prior rejects the view that the logic of obligation cannot be formalised. He sees this resistance against such a view as an important part of what could be called the obligation of the logician. Prior (...)
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  15.  33
    The Concept of Time:A Philosophical and Logical Perspective.Peter Øhrstrøm - unknown
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  16.  51
    Issues in Robot Ethics Seen Through the Lens of a Moral Turing Test.Anne Gerdes & Peter Øhrstrøm - 2015 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 13 (2):98-109.
    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore artificial moral agency by reflecting upon the possibility of a Moral Turing Test and whether its lack of focus on interiority, i.e. its behaviouristic foundation, counts as an obstacle to establishing such a test to judge the performance of an Artificial Moral Agent. Subsequently, to investigate whether an MTT could serve as a useful framework for the understanding, designing and engineering of AMAs, we set out to address fundamental challenges within (...)
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  17.  53
    Nissim-Sabat On The The One-Way Velocity Of Light.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1986 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (1):120-122.
  18.  1
    Guldberg and Waage on the Influence of Temperature on the Rates of Chemical Reactions.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1985 - Centaurus 28 (3):277-287.
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  19.  27
    Geochronology as a Metaphysical Research Programme.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1987 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 18 (1-2):204-214.
    In diesem Artikel wird der wissenschaftstheoretische Stand der Geochronologie mit Hintergrund in den Arbeiten von Kuhn und besonders Popper diskutiert. Die Geochronologie wird untersucht mit Hinblick auf generelle methodologische Voraussetzungen, Terminologie, normal-wissenschaftliche Aktivitätsform und "theoretische Dogmatik". Als Konklusion ergibt sich, daß die fundamentalen Theoriekonstruktionen der Geochronologie nicht testbar sind, sondern als ein metaphysisches Forschungsprogramm im Sinne Poppers charakterisiert werden müssen.
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  20. Richard Lavenham on Temporal Instants.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1985 - Cahiers de l'Institut du Moyen-Âge Grec Et Latin 49:7-23.
     
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  21.  22
    Prior's Grappling with Peirce's Existential Graphs.Peter Øhrstrøm - 2018 - History and Philosophy of Logic 39 (2):158-163.
    A. N. Prior very much admired the logic and philosophy of C.S. Peirce. In the spring of 1962 Prior went to Chicago to study Peirce's ideas. One of the topics that caught his attention was Peirce's existential graphs. This interest continued when he returned to England. In this paper Prior's grappling with the existential graphs will be discussed.
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  22.  59
    Ethical Problems Inherent in Psychological Research Based on Internet Communication as Stored Information.Peter Øhrstrøm & Johan Dyhrberg - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (3):221-241.
    This paper deals with certain ethical problems inherent in psychological research based on internet communication as stored information. Section 1 contains an analysis of research on Internet debates. In particular, it takes into account a famous example of deception for psychology research purposes. In section 2, the focus is on research on personal data in texts published on the Internet. Section 3 includes an attempt to formulate some ethical principles and guidelines, which should be regarded as fundamental in research on (...)
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  23.  38
    Time and Knowledge: Some Reflections on Prior’s Analysis of the Paradox of the Prisoner.Peter Øhrstrøm, Lasse Burri Gram-Hansen & Ulrik Sandborg-Petersen - 2012 - Synthese 188 (3):417-422.
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  24.  30
    From a Logical Angle: Some Studies in A.N. Prior’s Ideas on Time, Discourse and Metaphysics.Peter Øhrstrøm & Per F. V. Hasle - 2012 - Synthese 188 (3):325-330.
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  25.  7
    Peircean Diagrams of Time.Peter øØhrstrøøm - 2011 - Semiotica 2011 (186):259-274.
    Some very good arguments can be given in favor of the Augustinean wisdom, according to which it is impossible to provide a satisfactory definition of the concept of time. However, even in the absence of a proper definition, it is possible to deal with conceptual problems regarding time. It can be done in terms of analogies and metaphors. In particular, it is attractive to make use of Peirce's diagrams by means of which various kinds of conceptual experimentation can be carried (...)
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  26.  20
    Øhrstrøm Peter and Hasle Per F. V.. Temporal Logic. From Ancient Ideas to Artificial Intelligence. Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy, Vol. 57. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, and London, 1995, Viii + 413 Pp. [REVIEW]Angelo Montanari & Alberto Policriti - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (3):1044-1046.
  27.  22
    Preface.Peter Øhrstrøm, Per F. V. Hasle & Ulrik Sandborg-Petersen - 2012 - Synthese 188 (3):323-324.
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  28.  14
    From Ancient Ideas to Artificial Intelligence.Peter Øhrstrøm & Per Hasle - 1997 - Studia Logica 58 (3):451-453.
  29.  15
    From a Logical Angle: Some Studies in A.N. Prior’s Ideas on Time, Discourse and Metaphysics.Peter Øhrstrøm & Per F. V. Hasle - 2012 - Synthese 188 (3):325 - 330.
  30.  10
    Towards an Integration of Mainstream and Formal Epistemology.Peter Øhrstrøm - 2006 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 41 (1):93-99.
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  31. Richard Lavenham on Future Contingents.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1983 - Cahiers de l'Institut du Moyen-Âge Grec Et Latin 44:180-186.
     
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  32.  27
    Conventionality in Distant Simultaneity.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1980 - Foundations of Physics 10 (3-4):333-343.
    The paper defends the thesis of conventionality in distant simultaneity within the special theory of relativity. The thesis can be expressed in the following way: There is no method independent of standard synchronization by which the one-way velocity of light can be measured if all empirical consequences of the special theory of relativity are to be accepted. Three methods which have recently been suggested are investigated. It is shown that they all depend on the method of standard synchronization. It is (...)
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  33. Classical Syllogisms in Logic Teaching.Peter Øhrstrøm, Ulrik Sandborg-Petersen, Steinar Thorvaldsen & Thomas Ploug - unknown
     
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  34.  3
    Rekursive Funktionen.Raphael M. Robinson & Rozsa Peter - 1951 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (4):280.
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  35.  5
    Chapter Fifteen–The Uncertainty of the Future.Peter Øhrstrøm - 2004 - In Paul Harris & Michael Crawford (eds.), Time and Uncertainty. Brill. pp. 11--229.
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  36. Minds and Computers.Peter Øhrstrøm - unknown
  37.  10
    Knowing by Heart: Visceral Feedback Shapes Recognition Memory Judgments.Chris M. Fiacconi, Erika L. Peter, Sawayra Owais & Stefan Köhler - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (5):559-572.
  38. Time and Free Choice.Peter Øhrstrøm - unknown
     
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  39.  3
    "Temporalis" in Medieval Logic.Peter Øhrstrøm - 1982 - Franciscan Studies 42 (1):166-179.
  40.  14
    Motives, Timing, and Targets of Corporate Philanthropy: A Tripartite Classification Scheme of Charitable Giving.Joe M. Ricks & Richard C. Peters - 2013 - Business and Society Review 118 (3):413-436.
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  41.  19
    Positive Feelings Facilitate Working Memory and Complex Decision Making Among Older Adults.Stephanie M. Carpenter, Ellen Peters, Daniel Västfjäll & Alice M. Isen - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (1):184-192.
  42. The Prior-von Wright Debate on Anselm's Argument for the Existence of God.David Jakobsen & Peter Øhrstrøm - 2017 - In Ilkka Niiniluoto & Thomas Wallgren (eds.), On the Human Condition : Philosophical Essays in Honour of the Centennial Anniversary of Georg Henrik von Wright. Helsingfors, Finland: pp. 255-267.
    Arthur Norman Prior (1914 – 1969) and Georg Henrik von Wright (1916 – 2003) both attended a conference in England sometime in the spring of 1956, after which they corresponded on Anselm’s ontological argument. Prior had at the conference presented a formal treatment of the ontological argument. Based upon notes from the Prior archive at the Bodleian Library, and correspondence with von Wright, we here presents Prior’s and von Wrights’ discussion of Anselm’s argument in light of Prior’s published, as well (...)
     
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  43.  16
    Evaluating the Relationship Between Change in Performance on Training Tasks and on Untrained Outcomes.Elizabeth M. Zelinski, Kelly D. Peters, Shoshana Hindin, Kevin T. Petway & Robert F. Kennison - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  44. Metaphysics of Time: Themes From Prior.Peter Hasle, Per Hasle & Peter Øhrstrøm (eds.) - 2020
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  45.  56
    Darwin’s Perplexing Paradox: Intelligent Design in Nature.Steinar Thorvaldsen & Peter Øhrstrøm - 2013 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56 (1):78-98.
    Much has been written through the years of the clash between Darwinism and natural theology, and the basic tenants of this debate are well understood (Gillispie 1959; Bowler 1977; Ruse 2003; McGrath 2011). However, the literature is still growing, and one may wonder if anything new may yet be added. Of these new literary sources, one of the richest is the online Darwin Correspondence Project, which makes it possible to search and read the full texts of all correspondence either sent (...)
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  46.  26
    Prior’s Paradigm for the Study of Time and its Methodological Motivation.Per Hasle & Peter Øhrstrøm - 2016 - Synthese 193 (11):3401-3416.
    A. N. Prior’s writings should obviously be studied already for historical reasons. His inventions of modern temporal logic and hybrid logic are clearly important events in the history of logic. But the enduring importance of studying his works also rests on his methodological approach, which remains highly relevant also for systematical reasons. In this paper we argue that Prior’s formulation in the 1950s of a tense-logical paradigm for the study of time should be understood in the light of at least (...)
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  47. Foreword to M. Peters.J. F. Lyotard - 1995 - In Michael Peters (ed.), Education and the Postmodern Condition. Bergin & Garvey.
     
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  48.  17
    Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart.Gerd Gigerenzer, Peter M. Todd & A. B. C. Research Group - 1999 - New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press USA.
    Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart invites readers to embark on a new journey into a land of rationality that differs from the familiar territory of cognitive science and economics. Traditional views of rationality tend to see decision makers as possessing superhuman powers of reason, limitless knowledge, and all of eternity in which to ponder choices. To understand decisions in the real world, we need a different, more psychologically plausible notion of rationality, and this book provides it. It is about (...)
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  49.  15
    The Associations of Dyadic Coping and Relationship Satisfaction Vary Between and Within Nations: A 35-Nation Study.Peter Hilpert, Ashley K. Randall, Piotr Sorokowski, David C. Atkins, Agnieszka Sorokowska, Khodabakhsh Ahmadi, Ahmad M. Aghraibeh, Richmond Aryeetey, Anna Bertoni, Karim Bettache, Marta Błażejewska, Guy Bodenmann, Jessica Borders, Tiago S. Bortolini, Marina Butovskaya, Felipe N. Castro, Hakan Cetinkaya, Diana Cunha, Oana A. David, Anita DeLongis, Fahd A. Dileym, Alejandra D. C. Domínguez Espinosa, Silvia Donato, Daria Dronova, Seda Dural, Maryanne Fisher, Tomasz Frackowiak, Evrim Gulbetekin, Aslıhan Hamamcıoğlu Akkaya, Karolina Hansen, Wallisen T. Hattori, Ivana Hromatko, Raffaella Iafrate, Bawo O. James, Feng Jiang, Charles O. Kimamo, David B. King, Fırat Koç, Amos Laar, Fívia De Araújo Lopes, Rocio Martinez, Norbert Mesko, Natalya Molodovskaya, Khadijeh Moradi, Zahrasadat Motahari, Jean C. Natividade, Joseph Ntayi, Oluyinka Ojedokun, Mohd S. B. Omar-Fauzee, Ike E. Onyishi, Barış Özener, Anna Paluszak, Alda Portugal, Ana P. Relvas, Muhammad Rizwan, Svjetlana Salkičević & Sarmány-Schul - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  50. Research with Human Embryonic Stem Cells: Ethical Considerations.Karen Lebacqz, Michael M. Mendiola, Ted Peters, Ernlé W. D. Young & Laurie Zoloth‐Dorfman - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (2):31-36.
     
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