Results for 'Adina Seidenfeld'

237 found
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  1.  68
    Emotion Knowledge, Emotion Utilization, and Emotion Regulation.Carroll E. Izard, Elizabeth M. Woodburn, Kristy J. Finlon, E. Stephanie Krauthamer-Ewing, Stacy R. Grossman & Adina Seidenfeld - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (1):44-52.
    This article suggests a way to circumvent some of the problems that follow from the lack of consensus on a definition of emotion (Izard, 2010; Kleinginna & Kleinginna, 1981) and emotion regulation (Cole, Martin, & Dennis, 2004) by adopting a conceptual framework based on discrete emotions theory and focusing on specific emotions. Discrete emotions theories assume that neural, affective, and cognitive processes differ across specific emotions and that each emotion has particular motivational and regulatory functions. Thus, efforts at regulation should (...)
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  2.  50
    Adina Bozga: Dan Zahavi, Husserl and Transcendental Intersubjectivity. A Response to the Linguistic Pragmatic CritiqueDelia Popa: Françoise Dastur, Chair Et Langage. Essais Sur Merleau-PontyMihail Neamtu: Jean Greisch (Éd.), Michel Henry Et l'Épreuve de la vieAdina Bozga: Elisabeth Ströker, The Husserlian Foundations of ScienceDaniela Palasan, John McCumber, Metaphysics and Oppression, Heidegger's Challenge to Western PhilosophyHoraţiu Crişan: Marc Richir, Phénoménologie En Esquisses. Nouvelles fondationsLigia Beltechi: Raphaël Gély, La Genèse du Sentir. Essai Sur Merleau-PontyRoxana Albu: John Sallis, Force of Imagination: The Sense of the ElementalCiprian Tiprigan: Bin Kimura, L'entre. Une Approche Phénoménologique de la schizophrénieRadu M. Oancea: Dermot Moran, Tim Mooney (Eds.), The Phenomenology ReaderDorel Bucur, Ion Copoeru, Structuri Ale constituiriiAnca Dumitru, Fabio Ciaramelli, La Distruzione Del'desiderio. Il Narcisismo Nell'epoca di Consumo di massaCiprian Mîinea, Pierre. [REVIEW]Adina Bozga, Delia Popa, Mihail Neamtu, Daniela Palasan, Horatiu Crisan, Ligia Beltechi, Roxana Albu, Ciprian Tiprigan, Radu M. Oancea, Dorel Bucur, Anca Dumitru & Ciprian Mîinea - 2002 - Studia Phaenomenologica 2 (3):191-243.
    Dan ZAHAVI, Husserl and Transcendental Intersubjectivity. A Response to the Linguistic-Pragmatic Critique ; Françoise DASTUR, Chair et langage. Essais sur Merleau-Ponty ; Jean GREISCH, Michel Henry et l’épreuve de la vie ; Elisabeth STRÖKER, The Husserlian Foundations of Science ; John McCUMBER, Metaphysics and Oppression, Heidegger’s Challenge to Western Philosophy ; Marc RICHIR, Phénoménologie en esquisses. Nouvelles fondations ; Raphaël GÉLY, La genèse du sentir. Essai sur Merleau-Ponty ; John SALLIS, Force of Imagination: The Sense of the Elemental ; Bin (...)
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  3. Philosophical Problems of Statistical Inference Learning From R. A. Fisher /Teddy Seidenfeld. --. --.Teddy Seidenfeld - 1979 - D. Reidel Pub. Co., C1979.
     
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  4.  43
    Decision Theory Without “Independence” or Without “Ordering”.Teddy Seidenfeld - 1988 - Economics and Philosophy 4 (2):267.
    It is a familiar argument that advocates accommodating the so-called paradoxes of decision theory by abandoning the “independence” postulate. After all, if we grant that choice reveals preference, the anomalous choice patterns of the Allais and Ellsberg problems violate postulate P2 of Savage's system. The strategy of making room for new preference patterns by relaxing independence is adopted in each of the following works: Samuelson, Kahneman and Tversky's “Prospect Theory”, Allais and Hagen, Fishburn, Chew and MacCrimmon, McClennen, and in closely (...)
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  5.  82
    The Social Determinants of Health: Why Should We Care?Adina Preda & Kristin Voigt - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (3):25-36.
    A growing body of empirical research examines the effects of the so-called “social determinants of health” on health and health inequalities. Several high-profile publications have issued policy recommendations to reduce health inequalities based on a specific interpretation of this empirical research as well as a set of normative assumptions. This article questions the framework defined by these assumptions by focusing on two issues: first, the normative judgments about the fairness of particular health inequalities; and second, the policy recommendations issued on (...)
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  6.  13
    Reason and Morality.Adina Schwartz - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (4):654.
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  7. Meaningful Work.Adina Schwartz - 1982 - Ethics 92 (4):634-646.
  8.  22
    Equality, Liberty, and Perfectionism. [REVIEW]Adina Schwartz - 1979 - Ethics 92 (1):134-137.
  9.  21
    The Logical Foundations of Statistical Inference.Teddy Seidenfeld - 1977 - Journal of Philosophy 74 (1):47-62.
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  10.  8
    The Theory of Morality.Adina Schwartz - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (4):649.
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  11. Bringing Moral Responsibility Down to Earth.Adina L. Roskies & Shaun Nichols - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy 105 (7):371-388.
    Thought experiments have played a central role in philosophical methodology, largely as a means of elucidating the nature of our concepts and the implications of our theories.1 Particular attention is given to widely shared “folk” intuitions – the basic untutored intuitions that the layperson has about philosophical questions.2 The folk intuition is meant to underlie our core metaphysical concepts, and philosophical analysis is meant to explicate or sometimes refine these naïve concepts. Consistency with the deliverances of folk intuitions is a (...)
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  12. Are Neuroimages Like Photographs of the Brain?Adina L. Roskies - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):860-872.
    Images come in many varieties, but for evidential purposes, photographs are privileged. Recent advances in neuroimaging provide us with a new type of image that is used as scientific evidence. Brain images are epistemically compelling, in part because they are liable to be viewed as akin to photographs of brain activity. Here I consider features of photography that underlie the evidential status we accord it, and argue that neuroimaging diverges from photography in ways that seriously undermine the photographic analogy. While (...)
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  13. Neuroscientific Challenges to Free Will and Responsibility.Adina Roskies - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (9):419-423.
  14. Neuroethics for the New Millennium.Adina L. Roskies - 2002 - Neuron 35 (1):21-23.
    ics. Each of these can be pursued independently to a large extent, but perhaps most intriguing is to contem- plate how progress in each will affect the other. The past several months have seen heightened interest <blockquote> _<b>The Ethics of Neuroscience</b>_ </blockquote> in the intersection of ethics and neuroscience. In the The ethics of neuroscience can be roughly subdivided popular press, the topic grabbed headlines in a May.
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  15. Are Ethical Judgments Intrinsically Motivational? Lessons From "Acquired Sociopathy".Adina Roskies - 2003 - Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):51 – 66.
    Metaethical questions are typically held to be a priori , and therefore impervious to empirical evidence. Here I examine the metaethical claim that motive-internalism about belief , the position that moral beliefs are intrinsically motivating, is true. I argue that belief-internalists are faced with a dilemma. Either their formulation of internalism is so weak that it fails to be philosophically interesting, or it is a substantive claim but can be shown to be empirically false. I then provide evidence for the (...)
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  16. Group Rights and Group Agency.Adina Preda - 2012 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (2):229-254.
    On some theories of rights, such as the Choice theory, only agents can have moral rights. The realm of right-holders thus excludes several potential candidates, among which are young children, mentally incapacitated persons, and groups since these are thought to lack the required degree of agency. This paper argues that groups can be right-holders. The argument comes in three steps: first, it is argued that full-blown or autonomous agency is not required for the possession of Choice theory rights, second, that (...)
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  17.  14
    Rejoinder.Teddy Seidenfeld - 1988 - Economics and Philosophy 4 (2):309.
  18.  16
    Seidenfeld's Critique of Kyburgian Statistics.Stephen Spielman - 1980 - Journal of Philosophy 77 (12):791-797.
    Seidenfeld's Critique of HenryKyburg's statistical treatment of probability is shown to be unjustified.
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  19. The Identity Crisis in Dance.Adina Armelagos & Mary Sirridge - 1978 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 37 (2):129-139.
  20. Neuroimaging and Inferential Distance.Adina L. Roskies - 2008 - Neuroethics 1 (1):19-30.
    Brain images are used both as scientific evidence and to illustrate the results of neuroimaging experiments. These images are apt to be viewed as photographs of brain activity, and in so viewing them people are prone to assume that they share the evidential characteristics of photographs. Photographs are epistemically compelling, and have a number of characteristics that underlie what I call their inferential proximity. Here I explore the aptness of the photography analogy, and argue that although neuroimaging does bear important (...)
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  21.  4
    Karl Marx.Adina Schwartz - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (2):258.
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  22.  79
    Moral Neutrality and Primary Goods.Adina Schwartz - 1973 - Ethics 83 (4):294-307.
  23. Brain‐Mind and Structure‐Function Relationships: A Methodological Response to Coltheart.Adina L. Roskies - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (5):927-939.
    In some recent papers, Max Coltheart has questioned the ability of neuroimaging techniques to tell us anything interesting about the mind and has thrown down the gauntlet before neuroimagers, challenging them to prove he is mistaken. Here I analyze Coltheart ’s challenge, show that as posed its terms are unfair, and reconstruct it so that it is addressable. I argue that, so modified, Coltheart ’s challenge is able to be met and indeed has been met. In an effort to delineate (...)
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  24. .Adina L. Roskies - 2011
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  25. Coherent Choice Functions Under Uncertainty.Teddy Seidenfeld, Mark J. Schervish & Joseph B. Kadane - 2010 - Synthese 172 (1):157-176.
    We discuss several features of coherent choice functions —where the admissible options in a decision problem are exactly those that maximize expected utility for some probability/utility pair in fixed set S of probability/utility pairs. In this paper we consider, primarily, normal form decision problems under uncertainty—where only the probability component of S is indeterminate and utility for two privileged outcomes is determinate. Coherent choice distinguishes between each pair of sets of probabilities regardless the “shape” or “connectedness” of the sets of (...)
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  26.  50
    Divisive Conditioning: Further Results on Dilation.Timothy Herron, Teddy Seidenfeld & Larry Wasserman - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (3):411-444.
    Conditioning can make imprecise probabilities uniformly more imprecise. We call this effect "dilation". In a previous paper (1993), Seidenfeld and Wasserman established some basic results about dilation. In this paper we further investigate dilation on several models. In particular, we consider conditions under which dilation persists under marginalization and we quantify the degree of dilation. We also show that dilation manifests itself asymptotically in certain robust Bayesian models and we characterize the rate at which dilation occurs.
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  27. A New Argument for Nonconceptual Content.Adina L. Roskies - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (3):633-659.
    This paper provides a novel argument against conceptualism, the claim that the content of human experience, including perceptual experience, is entirely conceptual. Conceptualism entails that the content of experience is limited by the concepts that we possess and deploy. I present an argument to show that such a view is exceedingly costly---if the nature of our experience is entirely conceptual, thenwe cannot account for concept learning: all perceptual concepts must be innate. The version of nativism that results is incompatible with (...)
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  28.  38
    ‘Justice in Health or Justice (and Health)?’—How (Not) to Apply a Theory of Justice to Health.Adina Preda - 2018 - Public Health Ethics 11 (3):336-345.
    Some theorists, especially egalitarians, seek to ‘apply’ theories of justice to a specific area or good, such as health, and assess the distribution of that good at the bar of justice. On the one hand, this is understandable, given that egalitarians are often interested in making policy recommendations and these would have to be area-specific. On the other hand, it is surprising in light of the fact that theories of justice normally envisage the ‘total package of goods’ or an overall (...)
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  29. Group Rights and Shared Interests.Adina Preda - 2013 - Political Studies 61.
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  30.  40
    Seidenfeld.Isaac Levi - 2004 - Synthese 140 (1-2):89 - 96.
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  31. The Binding Problem.Adina L. Roskies - 1999 - Neuron 24:7--9.
    (von der Malsburg, 1981), “the binding problem” has with the visual percept of it, so that both are effortlessly captured the attention of researchers across many disci- perceived as being aspects of a single event. I like to plines, including psychology, neuroscience, computa- refer to these sorts of problems as perceptual binding tional modeling, and even philosophy. Despite the is- problems, since they involve unifying aspects of per- sue’s prominence in these fields, what “binding” means cepts. In addition, there are (...)
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  32.  33
    Decision-Making and Self-Governing Systems.Adina Roskies - 2018 - Neuroethics 11 (3):245-257.
    Neuroscience has illuminated the neural basis of decision-making, providing evidence that supports specific models of decision-processes. These models typically are quite mechanical, the realization of abstract mathematical “diffusion to bound” models. While effective decision-making seems to be essential for sophisticated behavior, central to an account of freedom, and a necessary characteristic of self-governing systems, it is not clear how the simple models neuroscience inspires can underlie the notion of self-governance. Drawing from both philosophy and neuroscience I explore ways in which (...)
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  33.  58
    Why I Am Not an Objective Bayesian; Some Reflections Prompted by Rosenkrantz.Teddy Seidenfeld - 1979 - Theory and Decision 11 (4):413-440.
  34.  80
    Neuroethics.Adina Roskies - 2016 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  35. Why Libet's Studies Don't Pose a Threat to Free Will.Adina L. Roskies - 2011 - In L. Nadel & W. Sinnott-Armstrong (eds.), Conscious Will and Responsibility. A Tribute to Benjamin Libet. Oxford University Press. pp. 11--22.
  36.  50
    Rights: Concept and Justification.Adina Preda - 2015 - Ratio Juris 28 (3):408-415.
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  37.  75
    Entropy and Uncertainty.Teddy Seidenfeld - 1986 - Philosophy of Science 53 (4):467-491.
    This essay is, primarily, a discussion of four results about the principle of maximizing entropy (MAXENT) and its connections with Bayesian theory. Result 1 provides a restricted equivalence between the two: where the Bayesian model for MAXENT inference uses an "a priori" probability that is uniform, and where all MAXENT constraints are limited to 0-1 expectations for simple indicator-variables. The other three results report on an inability to extend the equivalence beyond these specialized constraints. Result 2 established a sensitivity of (...)
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  38. Om Seidenfelds kritik av sofistikerade brott mot oberoendeaxiomet.Wlodek Rabinowicz - 1995 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 4.
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  39. “Local Determination”, Even If We Could Find It, Does Not Challenge Free Will: Commentary on Marcelo Fischborn.Adina Roskies & Eddy Nahmias - 2017 - Philosophical Psychology 30 (1-2):185-197.
    Marcelo Fischborn discusses the significance of neuroscience for debates about free will. Although he concedes that, to date, Libet-style experiments have failed to threaten “libertarian free will”, he argues that, in principle, neuroscience and psychology could do so by supporting local determinism. We argue that, in principle, Libet-style experiments cannot succeed in disproving or even establishing serious doubt about libertarian free will. First, we contend that “local determination”, as Fischborn outlines it, is not a coherent concept. Moreover, determinism is unlikely (...)
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  40.  16
    Probability and Evidence.Teddy Seidenfeld - 1984 - Philosophical Review 93 (3):474.
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  41.  34
    The Extent of Dilation of Sets of Probabilities and the Asymptotics of Robust Bayesian Inference.Timothy Herron, Teddy Seidenfeld & Larry Wasserman - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:250 - 259.
    We report two issues concerning diverging sets of Bayesian (conditional) probabilities-divergence of "posteriors"-that can result with increasing evidence. Consider a set P of probabilities typically, but not always, based on a set of Bayesian "priors." Fix E, an event of interest, and X, a random variable to be observed. With respect to P, when the set of conditional probabilities for E, given X, strictly contains the set of unconditional probabilities for E, for each possible outcome X = x, call this (...)
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  42.  92
    Don’T Panic: Self-Authorship Without Obscure Metaphysics1.Adina L. Roskies - 2012 - Philosophical Perspectives 26 (1):323-342.
    In this paper I attempt to respond to the worries of the source incompatibilist, and try to sketch a naturalistically plausible, compatibilist notion of self-authorship and control that I believe captures important aspects of the folk intuitions regarding freedom and responsibility. It is my hope to thus offer those moved by source incompatibilist worries a reason not to adopt what P.F. Strawson called “the obscure and panicky metaphysics of Libertarianism” (P. F. Strawson, 1982) or the panic-inducing moral austerity of the (...)
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  43.  35
    How to Read Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone.Adina Davidovich - 1994 - Kant-Studien 85 (1):1-14.
  44.  31
    Forecasting with Imprecise Probabilities.Teddy Seidenfeld, Mark J. Schervish & Joseph B. Kadane - unknown
    We review de Finetti’s two coherence criteria for determinate probabilities: coherence1defined in terms of previsions for a set of events that are undominated by the status quo – previsions immune to a sure-loss – and coherence2 defined in terms of forecasts for events undominated in Brier score by a rival forecast. We propose a criterion of IP-coherence2 based on a generalization of Brier score for IP-forecasts that uses 1-sided, lower and upper, probability forecasts. However, whereas Brier score is a strictly (...)
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  45.  74
    Are There Any Conflicts of Rights?Adina Preda - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (4):677-690.
    This paper argues that a putative conflict between negative rights and positive rights is not a genuine conflict. The thought that they might conflict presupposes, I argue, that the two rights are valid. This is the first assumption of my argument. The second is that general rights impose duties on everyone, not just the party who faces a conflict of correlative duties. These two assumptions yield the conclusion that positive rights impose enforceable duties on the holder of the negative right; (...)
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  46. A Conflict Between Finite Additivity and Avoiding Dutch Book.Teddy Seidenfeld & Mark J. Schervish - 1983 - Philosophy of Science 50 (3):398-412.
    For Savage (1954) as for de Finetti (1974), the existence of subjective (personal) probability is a consequence of the normative theory of preference. (De Finetti achieves the reduction of belief to desire with his generalized Dutch-Book argument for Previsions.) Both Savage and de Finetti rebel against legislating countable additivity for subjective probability. They require merely that probability be finitely additive. Simultaneously, they insist that their theories of preference are weak, accommodating all but self-defeating desires. In this paper we dispute these (...)
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  47.  8
    Bruno de Finetti and Imprecision.Paolo Vicig & Teddy Seidenfeld - unknown
    We review several of de Finetti’s fundamental contributions where these have played and continue to play an important role in the development of imprecise probability research. Also, we discuss de Finetti’s few, but mostly critical remarks about the prospects for a theory of imprecise probabilities, given the limited development of imprecise probability theory as that was known to him.
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  48.  41
    Saving Subtraction: A Reply to Van Orden and Paap.Adina L. Roskies - 2010 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (3):635-665.
    Van Orden and Paap argue that subtractive functional neuroimaging is fundamentally flawed, unfalsifiable, and cannot bear upon the nature of mind. In this they are mistaken, although their criticisms interestingly illuminate the scientific problems we confront in investigating the material basis of mind. Here, I consider the criticisms of Van Orden and Paap and discuss where they are mistaken and where justified. I then consider the picture of imaging science that Van Orden and Paap seem to espouse and sketch an (...)
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  49.  20
    Representational Similarity Analysis in Neuroimaging: Proxy Vehicles and Provisional Representations.Adina L. Roskies - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):5917-5935.
    Functional neuroimaging is sometimes criticized as showing only where in the brain things happen, not how they happen, and thus being unable to inform us about questions of mental and neural representation. Novel analytical methods increasingly make clear that imaging can give us access to constructs of interest to psychology. In this paper I argue that neuroimaging can give us an important, if limited, window into the large-scale structure of neural representation. I describe Representational Similarity Analysis, increasingly used in neuroimaging (...)
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  50.  48
    Patients with Ventromedial Frontal Damage Have Moral Beliefs.Adina Roskies - 2006 - Philosophical Psychology 19 (5):617 – 627.
    Michael Cholbi thinks that the claim that motive internalism (MI), the thesis that moral beliefs or judgments are intrinsically motivating, is the best explanation for why moral beliefs are usually accompanied by moral motivation. He contests arguments that patients with ventromedial (VM) frontal brain damage are counterexamples to MI by denying that they have moral beliefs. I argue that none of the arguments he offers to support this contention are viable. First, I argue that given Cholbi's own commitments, he cannot (...)
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