Results for 'Adnan Sharif'

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  1.  70
    Influencing relatives to respect donor autonomy: Should we nudge families to consent to organ donation?Adnan Sharif & Greg Moorlock - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (3):155-163.
    Refusing consent to organ donation remains unacceptably high, and improving consent rates from family or next-of-kin is an important step to procuring more organs for solid organ transplantation in countries where this approval is sought. We have thus far failed to translate fully our limited understanding of why families refuse permission into successful strategies targeting consent in the setting of deceased organ donation, primarily because our interventions fail to target underlying cognitive obstacles. Novel interventions to overcome these hurdles, incorporating an (...)
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  2. On the logic of iterated belief revision.Adnan Darwiche & Judea Pearl - 1997 - Artificial Intelligence 89 (1-2):1-29.
    We show in this paper that the AGM postulates are too weak to ensure the rational preservation of conditional beliefs during belief revision, thus permitting improper responses to sequences of observations. We remedy this weakness by proposing four additional postulates, which are sound relative to a qualitative version of probabilistic conditioning. Contrary to the AGM framework, the proposed postulates characterize belief revision as a process which may depend on elements of an epistemic state that are not necessarily captured by a (...)
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  3. Do Perceptions of Ethical Conduct Matter During Organizational Change? Ethical Leadership and Employee Involvement.Monica M. Sharif & Terri A. Scandura - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 124 (2):185-196.
    Ethical leadership matters in the context of organizational change due to the need for followers to trust the integrity of their leaders. Yet, there have been no studies investigating ethical leadership and organizational change. To fill this gap, we introduce a model of the moderating role of involvement in change. Organizational change and involvement in change are proposed as context-level moderators in the relationships of ethical leadership and work-related attitudes and performance. We employ a sample of 199 supervisor–subordinate pairs from (...)
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  4. al-Fikr al-Islāmī.Mian Mohammad Sharif - 1962
  5.  25
    On the (Complete) Reasons Behind Decisions.Adnan Darwiche & Auguste Hirth - 2023 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 32 (1):63-88.
    Recent work has shown that the input-output behavior of some common machine learning classifiers can be captured in symbolic form, allowing one to reason about the behavior of these classifiers using symbolic techniques. This includes explaining decisions, measuring robustness, and proving formal properties of machine learning classifiers by reasoning about the corresponding symbolic classifiers. In this work, we present a theory for unveiling the _reasons_ behind the decisions made by Boolean classifiers and study some of its theoretical and practical implications. (...)
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  6.  15
    Research Capacity Strengthening in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Ethical Explorations.Adnan A. Hyder, Abbas Rattani & Bridget Pratt - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (1):129-137.
    With developed country governments and high resource institutions engaging in research in low- and middle-income countries, we argue that these entities have a moral obligation to help build and strengthen research infrastructure and capacity so local scientists and institutions can adequately conduct studies to understand and resolve the health burdens in low and middle income countries. We explore the moral justifications and motivations behind engaging in research capacity strengthening in the health sector in LMIC at multiple levels. In highlighting these (...)
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  7.  2
    A History of Muslim Philosophy: With Short Accounts of Other Disciplines and the Modern Renaissance in Muslim Lands.Mian Mohammad Sharif (ed.) - 1963 - Wiesbaden,: Royal Book Co..
  8.  22
    Changing the Discourse on Health Systems Research: Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Ethical Review of Health Systems Research in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Conceptual Exploration”.Adnan A. Hyder & Abbas Rattani - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (2):W1-W2.
    Given that health systems research involves different aims, approaches, and methodologies as compared to more traditional clinical trials, the ethical issues present in HSR may be unique or particularly nuanced. This article outlines eight pertinent ethical issues that are particularly salient in HSR and argues that the ethical review process should be better tailored to ensure more efficient and appropriate oversight of HSR with adequate human protections, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The eight ethical areas we discuss include the (...)
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  9.  13
    On the Tractable Counting of Theory Models and its Application to Truth Maintenance and Belief Revision.Adnan Darwiche - 2001 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 11 (1-2):11-34.
    We address in this paper the problem of counting the models of a propositional theory under incremental changes to its literals. Specifcally, we show that if a propositional theory Δ is in a special form that we call smooth, deterministic, decomposable negation normal form (sd-DNNF), then for any consistent set of literals S, we can simultaneously count (in time linear in the size of Δ) the models of Δ ∪ S and the models of every theory Δ ∪ T where (...)
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  10.  47
    Ethical Review of Health Systems Research in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Conceptual Exploration.Adnan A. Hyder, Abbas Rattani, Carleigh Krubiner, Abdulgafoor M. Bachani & Nhan T. Tran - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (2):28-37.
    Given that health systems research involves different aims, approaches, and methodologies as compared to more traditional clinical trials, the ethical issues present in HSR may be unique or particularly nuanced. This article outlines eight pertinent ethical issues that are particularly salient in HSR and argues that the ethical review process should be better tailored to ensure more efficient and appropriate oversight of HSR with adequate human protections, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The eight ethical areas we discuss include the (...)
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  11.  40
    A Second-Order Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Moral Distress Scale-Revised for Nurses.Hamid Sharif Nia, Vida Shafipour, Kelly-Ann Allen, Mohammad Reza Heidari, Jamshid Yazdani-Charati & Armin Zareiyan - 2019 - Nursing Ethics 26 (4):1199-1210.
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  12.  41
    The Ethics of Blockchain in Organizations.Monica M. Sharif & Farshad Ghodoosi - 2022 - Journal of Business Ethics 178 (4):1009-1025.
    Blockchain is an open digital ledger technology that has the capability of significantly altering the way that people operations operate in organizations. This research takes a first step in proposing several ways in which the blockchain technology can be used to improve current organizational practices, while also considering the ethical implications. Specifically, the paper examines the role that blockchain technology plays in three primary areas of people operations: entry to the organization, intraorganizational processes, and exit. In each section, the paper (...)
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  13.  40
    Informed consent and collaborative research: Perspectives from the developing world.Adnan A. Hyder & Salman A. Wali - 2006 - Developing World Bioethics 6 (1):33–40.
    203 surveys were considered complete and were included in the analysis. Written consent was not used by nearly 40% of the researchers.
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  14.  24
    Insulin resistance is an evolutionarily conserved physiological mechanism at the cellular level for protection against increased oxidative stress.Adnan Erol - 2007 - Bioessays 29 (8):811-818.
    Several protective cellular mechanisms protect against the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the concomitant oxidative stress. Therefore, any reduction in glucose or fatty acid flux into cells leading to a decrease in the production of reducing equivalents would also lead to a decreased ROS production and protect cells against oxidative stress. In the presence of insulin, FOXO proteins are localized from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and degraded. An increase in cellular glucose uptake will lead to increased production (...)
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  15.  11
    Ways of Being Free: Authenticity and Community in Selected Works of Rushdie, Ondaatje, and Okri.Adnan Mahmutović - 2012 - Rodopi.
    Ways of Being Free: Introduction -- War Is Everything's Father: History and Death as Causes of Existential Angst -- Introduction: Causes of Existential Angst -- Change and Changelessness in Midnight's Children -- The Road of Existential Struggle in The Famished Road -- History and the "Nervous Condition" in The English Patient -- Death as a Drive to Meaningful Existence in Midnight's Children -- Becoming Dead-to-the-World in The English Patient -- Ideological Re-appropriation through Death in The Famished Road -- Authenticity -- (...)
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  16.  20
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Governance of Transnational Global Health Research Consortia and Health Equity”.Adnan A. Hyder & Bridget Pratt - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (1):4-6.
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  17. In search of truth.Mian Mohammad Sharif - 1966 - Lahore,: Institute of Islamic Culture.
  18.  14
    Recursive conditioning.Adnan Darwiche - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence 126 (1-2):5-41.
  19.  33
    On the Tractable Counting of Theory Models and its Application to Truth Maintenance and Belief Revision.Adnan Darwiche - 2001 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 11 (1-2):11-34.
    We address in this paper the problem of counting the models of a propositional theory under incremental changes to its literals. Specifcally, we show that if a propositional theory Δ is in a special form that we call smooth, deterministic, decomposable negation normal form, then for any consistent set of literals S, we can simultaneously count the models of Δ ∪ S and the models of every theory Δ ∪ T where T results from adding, removing or flipping a literal (...)
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  20.  26
    Organizational politics and affective commitment of expatriates: moderating role of Islamic work ethics.Adnan Riaz, Syed Ahsan Jamil & Saira Mahmood - 2023 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 12 (2):419-439.
    Are the employees working in different countries and enjoying healthy compensation truly loyal to their organization? Our study attempts to answer this question by examining the role of perception of politics on the affective commitment of expatriates in the Sultanate of Oman. Following the axiom of equity theory, the relationships between the perception of politics (POP) to affective commitment (AC) and Islamic work ethics (IWE) to affective commitment (AC) was tested. The moderating role of Islamic work ethics was also examined (...)
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  21.  27
    The fake news effect: what does it mean for consumer behavioral intentions towards brands?Aruba Sharif, Tahir Mumtaz Awan & Osman Sadiq Paracha - 2022 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 20 (2):291-307.
    Purpose This study aims to understand how fake news can cause an impact on consumer behavioral intentions in today’s era when fake news is prevalent and common. Brands have not only faced reputational losses but also got a dip in their share prices and sales, which affected their financial standing. Hence, it is significant for brands to understand the impact of fake news on behavioral intentions and to strategize to manage the impact. Design/methodology/approach This study uses several branding and marketing (...)
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  22.  10
    İbn Haldun, Medenileşme ve Taklit Üzerine.Adnan Adigüzel - 2016 - Journal of Turkish Studies 11 (Volume 11 Issue 7):17-17.
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  23.  15
    Bitlis Şehrinde Taş Ustalığı ve Geleneksel Kent Mimarisine Etkisi.Adnan Alkan - 2015 - Journal of Turkish Studies 10 (Volume 10 Issue 6):57-57.
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  24. Descriptive Bibliometric Analysis of Said Nursi Articles in Turkish Academy.Adnan Arslan - 2024 - Kocaeli İLahiyat Dergisi 8 (1):107-128.
    When academic research in any branch of science reaches a certain number in terms of quantity, analyzes are made on these studies. Thanks to these analyses, it is visible with a panoramic view in which direction field research is expanding and in which direction the trend of scientific interest is moving. In this respect, such analyzes also provide some suggestions to the younger generation of researchers. One of the most emphasized names in Turkish academia is Said Nursi. It is seen (...)
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  25.  12
    Language Skills And The Critical Thinking.Adnan Karadüz - 2010 - Journal of Turkish Studies 5:1566-1593.
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  26. Allama Iqbal: poet-philosopher of the East.Sharif Mujahid - 1986 - Karachi: Quaid-i-Azam Academy.
  27.  12
    Terceme-i Tev'rîh-i Şeref H'n'da Bir Cezalandırma Yöntemi Olarak Kafa Kesme.Adnan Oktay - 2016 - Journal of Turkish Studies 11 (Volume 11 Issue 20):409-409.
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  28.  18
    The Religious Community and the Communist Regime in the Case of Montenegro, 1945-1955.Adnan Prekic - 2016 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 15 (44):111-136.
    The paper analyses the relations of the Communist authorities with religious communities in Montenegro in the period 1945 - 1955. The paper separately problematises specific features of each confessional community in Montenegro, and establishes a typology of the expansion of regime control. The Communist Party did not use violent methods in the process of marginalising the religious community, but new authorities in Montenegro managed to marginalise its influence. By taking over the executive authority in the state, the Party began the (...)
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  29.  66
    Issues Involving Informed Consent for Research Participants with Alzheimer’s Disease.Adnan Qureshi & Amer Johri - 2008 - Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (3):197-203.
    Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia which is estimated to impact 350,000 people over 65 years of age in Canada. The lack of effective treatment and the growing number of people who are expected to be diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease in the near future are compelling reasons why continued research is in this area is necessary. With additional research, there needs to be greater recognition of the complexity of seeking ongoing informed consent from those with Alzheimer’s disease. (...)
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  30.  9
    A new model of pairing for innovation in management higher education: implications for the management field.Rukhsar Sharif - 2019 - International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 12 (1):19.
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  31. Beauty: Objective or Subjective?M. M. Sharif - 1951 - Philosophy 26 (98):266-267.
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  32.  11
    Muslim Philosophy and the Modern European Thought.M. M. Sharif - 1960 - Atti Del XII Congresso Internazionale di Filosofia 10:205-212.
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  33. Muslim Philosophy and Western Thought.M. M. Sharif - 1963 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 54 (2):188.
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  34. Muslim thought; its origin and achievements.Mian Mohammad Sharif - 1951 - Lahore,: Sh. M. Ashraf.
  35.  23
    Some Forms of Violence Against Women and Girls in Tajikistan.M. Sharif - 2005 - Global Bioethics 18 (1):45-71.
    This abstract is based on materials collected and analyzed during the project “Violence against Women in Tajikistan” which was implemented during 1999–2000. The project was completed with methodological and financial support of the World Health Organization (WHO), UNDP, and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation. Results of this project were presented in a national conference on Violence Against Women in Tajikistan” 29–30, March 2001 in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
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  36.  8
    Masjarakat adil dan makmur.Adnan Talab - 1967 - Palembang,: Siguntang.
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  37.  53
    Defining standard of care in the developing world: The intersection of international research ethics and health systems analysis.Adnan A. Hyder & Liza Dawson - 2005 - Developing World Bioethics 5 (2):142–152.
    ABSTRACT In recent years there has been intense debate regarding the level of medical care provided to ‘standard care’ control groups in clinical trials in developing countries, particularly when the research sponsors come from wealthier countries. The debate revolves around the issue of how to define a standard of medical care in a country in which many people are not receiving the best methods of medical care available in other settings. In this paper, we argue that additional dimensions of the (...)
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  38.  11
    A logical notion of conditional independence: properties and applications.Adnan Darwiche - 1997 - Artificial Intelligence 97 (1-2):45-82.
  39.  13
    The Ahmadiyya, Blasphemy and Religious Freedom: The Institutional Discourse Analysis of Religious Discrimination in Indonesia.Zifirdaus Adnan & Andi Muhammad Irawan - 2021 - Muslim World Journal of Human Rights 18 (1):79-102.
    The article investigates the development of discourses related to freedom of religion and discrimination against religious minority in current Indonesia by identifying the discourse constructions of Ahmadiyya in various texts and talks produced and disseminated by government institution and the Indonesian Council of Ulama (the MUI). This study aims to reveal these institutions’ views and perspectives on Ahmadiyya issue using various discourse strategies. The data analysed are some legal proclamations issued and personal views delivered by the officials of these two (...)
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  40.  9
    Compiling propositional weighted bases.Adnan Darwiche & Pierre Marquis - 2004 - Artificial Intelligence 157 (1-2):81-113.
  41. Effects of social reforms of shaykh Ahmad sirhindi (1564-1624) on muslim society in the sub continent.Adnan Malik, Muhammad Zubair & Uzman Parveen - 2016 - Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 55 (2):155-164.
    History in this age needs to record and analyze the events in the light of modern concept of contemporary world. When the historians narrate the brutal condition of Indo-Pak history, they never forget the work and services of Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi to transform the society according to the current values. For his services, he is hailed as Mujaddid Alf-I-Thani. The Muslim society had degenerated when Mujaddid Alf-I-Thani appeared on the horizon. A number of Hindu customs and practices had become the (...)
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  42.  12
    How binding and bonding communicate interpersonal meanings in a children’s museum to address Jordan’s energy and water challenges.Ahmad El-Sharif - 2023 - Semiotica 2023 (250):43-66.
    Museums’ structures, spaces, and exhibits are understood as semiotic resources that make spatial texts that communicate a discourse defined by the authorities of the museum or its curators. The current study follows a social-semiotic approach in analyzing the spatial discourse of the Children’s Museum in Amman. It demonstrates that interpersonal meanings are semiotically communicated to children visitors in the Museum by firstly establishing a “comfort-zone” and secondly by aligning children visitors into groups with shared qualities, attitudes, and dispositions of affiliation (...)
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  43. Agama, masyarakat, dan reformasi kehidupan.S. Habib Adnan - 1999 - Denpasar: BP. Edited by Yahya Anshori.
    Conduct of life according to Islam; collected articles.
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  44.  14
    What are the essential components to implement individual-focused interventions for well-being and burnout in critical care healthcare professionals? A realist expert opinion.Nurul B. B. Adnan, Claire Baldwin, Hila A. Dafny & Diane Chamberlain - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    BackgroundThis study aimed to determine what, how, and under what circumstances individual-focused interventions improve well-being and decrease burnout for critical care healthcare professionals.MethodThis realist approach, expert opinion interview, was guided by the Realist And Meta-narrative Evidence Synthesis: Evolving Standards II guidelines. Semi-structured interviews with critical care experts were conducted to ascertain current and nuanced information on a set of pre-defined individual interventions summarized from a previous umbrella review. The data were appraised, and relationships between context, mechanisms, and outcomes were extracted, (...)
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  45.  17
    Mütenebbî’ni̇n (öl. 354/965) şi̇i̇rleri̇nde savaş unsurlarina ai̇t tasvi̇rler.Adnan Arslan - 2021 - van İlahiyat Dergisi 9 (15):127-145.
    Şiir denilen edebi türün can damarı duygulardır ve korku, ümit, neşe, üzüntü gibi pek çok duygunun en yoğun yaşandığı zemin de savaş meydanlarıdır. Bu yüzden yazılı ilk edebi metinler savaş ve kahramanlıkları anlatan destanlar olmuştur. Klasik Arap şiirinin pişdar isimlerinden olan Mütenebbî, pek çok edebi mahareti içerisinde savaşa ait unsurların tasvirlerdeki başarısı ile Arap şiir eleştirmenleri tarafından takdir edilmiştir. Şair çoğu kez övdüğü kimlerin savaşlardaki heybeti, atlarının ihtişamı, kılıç, mızrak ve ok gibi silah araçlarının öldürücülüğü vb. hususlarda tasvirlerde bulunmuştur. Şairin (...)
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  46.  17
    Bold Societal Responses Are Needed in Tackling Serious Ethical Violations in Medicine.Adnan A. Hyder & Paul Ndebele - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (1):44-46.
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  47.  27
    10th Royan Institute's International Summer School on “Molecular Biomedicine: From Diagnostics to Therapeutics”.Sharif Moradi, Parisa Torabi, Saeed Mohebbi, Sara Amjadian, Piter Bosma, Farnoush Faridbod, Vahid Khoddami, Morteza Hosseini, Sadegh Babashah, Maryam Ghotbaddini, Arezoo Rasti, Faezeh Shekari, Hamid Sadeghi-Abandansari, Jafar Kiani, Mehdi Shamsara, Mohammad Kazemi-Ashtiani & Samira Gholami - 2020 - Bioessays 42 (6):2000042.
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  48.  11
    Contributions from the sociology of technology to the study of innovation systems.Naubahar Sharif - 2004 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 17 (3):83-105.
    Literature in the area of innovation systems (IS) has been growing in importance and the IS approach has become well established. It is widely used in North America, Western Europe and Scandinavia, both in academic contexts and also as a framework or tool for policymaking. This paper examines work by sociologists, historians and others who have attempted to provide new insights into the nature of technology, in order to determine how the new sociology of technology literature—particularly social construction of technology (...)
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  49. Musalmānon̲ ke afkār.Mian Mohammad Sharif - 1963 - Majlis-I Taraggi-Yi Adab.
  50.  3
    Rhetoric of Innovation Policy Making in Hong Kong Using the Innovation Systems Conceptual Approach.Naubahar Sharif - 2010 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 35 (3):408-434.
    Since its introduction in the 1980s, use of the innovation systems conceptual approach has been growing, particularly on the part of national governments including, recently, the Hong Kong Government. In 2004, the Hong Kong Government set forth a ‘‘new strategy’’ for innovation and technology policy making. Because it marked a significant break from the past, it was necessary to convince a wider audience to accept this new strategy, a strategy that included the IS conceptual approach. Adopting a science and technology (...)
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