Results for 'Adolph Grunbaum'

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  1. Adolph Grunbaum, "the Foundations of Psychoanalysis: A Philosophical Critique". [REVIEW]Charles Hanly - 1987 - Dialogue 26 (1):193.
     
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  2. Adolph Grünbaum, "Philosophical Problems of Space and Time". [REVIEW]William A. Wallace - 1964 - The Thomist 28 (4):524.
     
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  3.  18
    The Foundations of Psychoanalysis: A Philosophical Critique Adolph Grunbaum Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1984. Pp. Xiv, 310. $16.95. [REVIEW]Charles Hanly - 1987 - Dialogue 26 (1):193-.
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  4.  19
    Geometry and Chronometry in Philosophical Perspective.Adolf Grünbaum - 1968 - Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.
    Geometry and Chronometry in Philosophical Perspective was first published in 1968. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. In this volume Professor Grünbaum substantially extends and comments upon his essay "Geometry, Chronometry, and Empiricism," which was first published in Volume III of the Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Commenting on the essay when it first appeared J. J. C. Smart wrote (...)
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  5. Laws of Human Behavior.Adolph Grunbaum & Free Will - 1971 - The American Philosophical Quarterly, Viii 4:306.
     
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  6.  2
    The Monoamine Hypothesis, Placebos and Problems of Theory Construction in Psychology, Medicine, and Psychiatry.Paul C. L. Tang - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 37:334-341.
    Can there be scientific theories in psychology, medicine or psychiatry? I approach this question through an in-depth analysis of a typical experiment for clinical depression involving the monoamine hypothesis, drug action, and placebos. I begin my discussion with a reconstruction of Adolph Grünbaum's conceptual analysis of 'placebo,' and then use his notion of "intentional placebo" to discuss a typical experiment using the monoamine hypothesis, two drugs and a placebo. I focus on the theoretical aspects of the experiment, especially on (...)
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  7.  85
    Space, Time and Falsifiability Critical Exposition and Reply to "A Panel Discussion of Grünbaum's Philosophy of Science".Adolf Grünbaum - 1970 - Philosophy of Science 37 (4):469 - 588.
    Prompted by the "Panel Discussion of Grünbaum's Philosophy of Science" (Philosophy of Science 36, December, 1969) and other recent literature, this essay ranges over major issues in the philosophy of space, time and space-time as well as over problems in the logic of ascertaining the falsity of a scientific hypothesis. The author's philosophy of geometry has recently been challenged along three main distinct lines as follows: (i) The Panel article by G. J. Massey calls for a more precise and more (...)
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  8. Philosophical Problems of Space and Time.Adolf Grünbaum - 1963 - Boston: Reidel.
  9. The Foundations of Psychoanalysis: A Philosophical Critique.Adolf Grunbaum - 1984 - University of California Press.
    This study is a philosophical critique of the foundations of Sigmund Freud's psychoanalysis. As such, it also takes cognizance of his claim that psychoanalysis has the credentials of a natural science. It shows that the reasoning on which Freud rested the major hypotheses of his edifice was fundamentally flawed, even if the probity of the clinical observations he adduced were not in question. Moreover, far from deserving to be taken at face value, clinical data from the psychoanalytic treatment setting are (...)
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  10. Philosophy of Religion, Physics, and Psychology: Essays in Honor of Adolf Grünbaum.Adolf Grünbaum & Aleksandar Jokić (eds.) - 2009 - Prometheus Books.
    On October 18-19, 2002, the Center for Philosophical Education at Santa Barbara City College hosted a symposium honoring Professor Adolf Grünbaum’s contributions to contemporary philosophy. This work, an outgrowth of that symposium, contains essays by leading philosophers on Grünbaum's vast influence on philosophy of religion and philosophy of science. The symposium participants have either significantly reworked their original papers or written entirely new ones for this special publication. A reprint of Grünbaum’s "The Poverty of Theistic Cosmology" further enriches the book. (...)
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  11.  84
    Rejoinder to Richard Swinburne's 'Second Reply to Grunbaum'.Adolf Grünbaum - 2005 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (4):927-938.
  12. Investigating Emotions as Functional States Distinct From Feelings.Ralph Adolphs & Daniel Andler - 2018 - Emotion Review 10 (3):191-201.
    We defend a functionalist approach to emotion that begins by focusing on emotions as central states with causal connections to behavior and to other cognitive states. The approach brackets the conscious experience of emotion, lists plausible features that emotions exhibit, and argues that alternative schemes are unpromising candidates. We conclude with the benefits of our approach: one can study emotions in animals; one can look in the brain for the implementation of specific features; and one ends up with an architecture (...)
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  13.  22
    Is Remembering to Do a Special Kind of Memory?Thor Grünbaum & Søren Kyllingsbæk - 2020 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 11 (2):385-404.
    When a person decides to do something in the future, she forms an intention and her intention persists. Philosophers have thought about the rational requirement that an agent’s intention persists until its execution. But philosophers have neglected to think about the causal memory mechanisms that could enable this kind of persistence and its role in rational long-term agency. Our aim of this paper is to fill this gap by arguing that memory for intention is a specific kind of memory. We (...)
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  14.  26
    Reply to J. Q. Adams' “Grünbaum's Solution to Zeno's Paradoxes”.Adolf Grünbaum - 1973 - Philosophia 3 (1):51-57.
  15. Damage to the Prefrontal Cortex Increases Utilitarian Moral Judgements.Michael Koenigs, Liane Young, Ralph Adolphs, Daniel Tranel, Fiery Cushman, Marc Hauser & Antonio Damasio - 2007 - Nature 446 (7138):908-911.
    The psychological and neurobiological processes underlying moral judgement have been the focus of many recent empirical studies1–11. Of central interest is whether emotions play a causal role in moral judgement, and, in parallel, how emotion-related areas of the brain contribute to moral judgement. Here we show that six patients with focal bilateral damage to the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPC), a brain region necessary for the normal generation of emotions and, in particular, social emotions12–14, produce an abnor- mally ‘utilitarian’ pattern of (...)
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  16. Social Cognition and the Human Brain.Ralph Adolphs - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (12):469-479.
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  17.  77
    The Duhemian Argument.Adolf Grünbaum - 1960 - Philosophy of Science 27 (1):75 - 87.
    This paper offers a refutation of P. Duhem's thesis that the falsifiability of an isolated empirical hypothesis H as an explanans is unavoidably inconclusive. Its central contentions are the following: 1. No general features of the logic of falsifiability can assure, for every isolated empirical hypothesis H and independently of the domain to which it pertains, that H can always be preserved as an explanans of any empirical findings O whatever by some modification of the auxiliary assumptions A in conjunction (...)
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  18.  54
    Prof. Grünbaum on Creation.W. L. Craig - 1994 - Erkenntnis 40 (3):325 - 341.
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  19. The Pseudo-Problem of Creation in Physical Cosmology.Adolf Grünbaum - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (3):373 - 394.
    According to some cosmologists, the big bang cosmogony and even the (now largely defunct) steady-state theory pose a scientifically insoluble problem of matter-energy creation. But I argue that the genuine problem of the origin of matter-energy or of the universe has been fallaciously transmuted into the pseudo-problem of creation by an external cause. A fortiori, it emerges that the initial "true" and "false" vacuum states of quantum cosmology do not vindicate biblical divine creation ex nihilo at all.
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  20.  33
    Quine, Grünbaum, and the Duhemian Thesis.Carlo Giannoni - 1967 - Noûs 1 (3):283-297.
  21.  41
    Grünbaum on "the Duhemian Argument".Laurens Laudan - 1965 - Philosophy of Science 32 (3/4):295-299.
  22. Is Simplicity Evidence of Truth?Adolf GrüNbaum - 2007 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 61:261-275.
    In a short 1997 book entitled Simplicity as Evidence of Truth, the Oxford philosopher Richard Swinburne has put forward the following thesis summarily: ‘… for theories rendering equally probable our observational data, fitting equally well with background knowledge, the simplest is most probably true’.
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  23.  88
    Author Reply: We Don’T Yet Know What Emotions Are.Ralph Adolphs & Daniel Andler - 2018 - Emotion Review 10 (3):233-236.
    Our approach to emotion emphasized three key ingredients. We do not yet have a mature science of emotion, or even a consensus view—in this respect we are more hesitant than Sander, Grandjean, and Scherer or Luiz Pessoa. Relatedly, a science of emotion needs to be highly interdisciplinary, including ecology, psychology, neuroscience, and philosophy. We recommend a functionalist view that brackets conscious experiences and that essentially treats emotions as latent variables inferred from a number of measures. But our version of functionalism (...)
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  24.  62
    A Consistent Conception of the Extended Linear Continuum as an Aggregate of Unextended Elements.Adolf Grünbaum - 1952 - Philosophy of Science 19 (4):288 - 306.
  25.  18
    Comment: Two Challenges for Adolphs and Andler’s Functionalist Theory of Emotions.Andrea Scarantino - 2018 - Emotion Review 10 (3):202-203.
    Adolphs and Andler’s methodological functionalism recommends that affective science focuses on what emotions do rather than on what emotions are physically constituted by or how emotions feel. In addition, it is suggested that the functional roles of emotions should be extrapolated from a set of “features” emotions intuitively appear to have. In this brief commentary, I discuss both prescriptions, focusing on the concept of function and on the role folk psychological platitudes should play in a functionalist theory of emotions.
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  26.  33
    Retrocausation and the Formal Assimilation of Classical Electrodynamics to Newtonian Mechanics: A Reply to Nissim-Sabat's "on Grunbaum and Retrocausation".Adolf Grunbaum & Allen I. Janis - 1979 - Philosophy of Science 46 (1):136-160.
    Dirac's classical electrodynamics countenances "preaccelerations" of charged particles at a time t as mathematical functions of external forces applied after the time t. These preaccelerations have been interpreted as evidence for physical retrocausation upon assuming that, in electrodynamics no less than in Newton's second law, external forces sustain an asymmetric causal relation to accelerations. And this retrocausal interpretation has just been defended against the critiques in (Grunbaum 1976), (Grunbaum and Janis, 1977 and 1978) by appeal to the formal (...)
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  27. Physics, Philosophy, and Psychoanalysis Essays in Honor of Adolf Grünbaum.Adolf Grünbaum, R. S. Cohen & Larry Laudan - 1983
     
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  28.  96
    Simultaneity by Slow Clock Transport in the Special Theory of Relativity.Adolf Grunbaum - 1969 - Philosophy of Science 36 (1):5 - 43.
  29. Building a Science of Individual Differences From fMRI.Julien Dubois & Ralph Adolphs - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (6):425-443.
    To date, fMRI research has been concerned primarily with evincing generic principles of brain function through averaging data from multiple subjects. Given rapid developments in both hardware and analysis tools, the field is now poised to study fMRI-derived measures in individual subjects, and to relate these to psy- chological traits or genetic variations. We discuss issues of validity, reliability and statistical assessment that arise when the focus shifts to individual subjects and that are applicable also to other imaging modalities. We (...)
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  30. Prof. Grünbaum on the ‘Normalcy of Nothingness’ in the Leibnizian and Kalam Cosmological Arguments.William Lane Craig - 2001 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (2):371-386.
  31.  64
    Grünbaum on the Conventionality of Geometry.Michael Friedman - 1972 - Synthese 24 (1-2):219 - 235.
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  32.  14
    Popper, Grünbaum and de Facto Irreversibility.Michael J. Zenzen - 1977 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 28 (4):313-324.
  33. Does Emotion Mediate the Relationship Between an Action's Moral Status and its Intentional Status? Neuropsychological Evidence.Liane Young, Daniel Tranel, Ralph Adolphs, Marc Hauser & Fiery Cushman - 2006 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 6 (1-2):291-304.
    Studies of normal individuals reveal an asymmetry in the folk concept of intentional action: an action is more likely to be thought of as intentional when it is morally bad than when it is morally good. One interpretation of these results comes from the hypothesis that emotion plays a critical mediating role in the relationship between an action’s moral status and its intentional status. According to this hypothesis, the negative emotional response triggered by a morally bad action drives the attribution (...)
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  34.  19
    Grünbaum on Freud: Three Grounds for Dissent.Arthur Fine & Micky Forbes - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (2):237-238.
  35. Grünbaum on the Metric of Space and Time.Paul Horwich - 1975 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 26 (3):199-211.
  36.  90
    Emotion Perception From Face, Voice, and Touch: Comparisons and Convergence.Annett Schirmer & Ralph Adolphs - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (3):216-228.
  37.  79
    Grünbaum's Tally Argument.Allen Esterson - 1996 - History of the Human Sciences 9 (1):43-57.
    Adolf Grünbaum contends that he has discovered in Freud's writings a hitherto overlooked thesis (the Tally Argument), enunciated by Freud to underwrite his psychoanalytic method of clinical investigation. (The Foundations of Psycho analysis, 1984:127-72). He claims that until at least 1917, and possibly up to 1926, Freud invoked the unique efficacy of analytic therapy to vindicate the Freudian theory of personality, including the specific aetiologies of the psychoneuroses and the general theory of psychosexual development (Foun dations : 140-1). In this (...)
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  38.  20
    Toward a Clarification of Grünbaum's Conception of an Intrinsic Metric.Gerald J. Massey - 1969 - Philosophy of Science 36 (4):331-345.
    Much of Grünbaum's work may be regarded as a careful development and systematic elaboration of the Riemann-Poincaré thesis of the conventionality of congruence, the thesis that the continuous manifolds of space, time, and space-time are intrinsically metrically amorphous, i.e. are devoid of intrinsic metrics. Therefore, to appreciate Grünbaum's philosophical contributions, one must have a clear understanding of what he means by an intrinsic metric. The second and fourth sections of this paper are exegetical; in them we try to piece together, (...)
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  39. The Relativity of ‘Placebos’: Defending a Modified Version of Grünbaum’s Definition.Jeremy Howick - 2017 - Synthese 194 (4):1363-1396.
    Debates about the ethics and effects of placebos and whether ‘placebos’ in clinical trials of complex treatments such as acupuncture are adequate rage. Yet there is currently no widely accepted definition of the ‘placebo’. A definition of the placebo is likely to inform these controversies. Grünbaum’s characterization of placebos and placebo effects has been touted by some authors as the best attempt thus far, but has not won widespread acceptance largely because Grünbaum failed to specify what he means by a (...)
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  40. Emotion and Consciousness.Naotsugu Tsuchiya & Ralph Adolphs - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (4):158-167.
    Consciousness and emotion feature prominently in our personal lives, yet remain enigmatic. Recent advances prompt further distinctions that should provide more experimental traction: we argue that emotion consists of an emotion state (functional aspects, including emo- tional response) as well as feelings (the conscious experience of the emotion), and that consciousness consists of level (e.g. coma, vegetative state and wake- fulness) and content (what it is we are conscious of). Not only is consciousness important to aspects of emotion but structures (...)
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  41. Comments on Professor Roger Buck's Paper "Reflexive Predictions.".Adolf Grünbaum - 1963 - Philosophy of Science 30 (4):370 - 372.
  42. Is Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory Pseudo-Scientific by Karl Popper's Criterion of Demarcation?Adolf Grünbaum - 1979 - American Philosophical Quarterly 16 (2):131 - 141.
  43.  51
    Grünbaum on Temporal Becoming: A Critique.Frederick Ferré - 1972 - International Philosophical Quarterly 12 (3):426-445.
  44.  93
    Preface To a Science of Man.Adolphe Portmann & Hans Kaal - 1962 - Diogenes 10 (40):1-26.
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  45.  21
    Introduction: The Context of These Essays.Adolf Grünbaum & Wesley C. Salmon - 1969 - Philosophy of Science 36 (1):1 - 4.
  46. The Social Brain in Psychiatric and Neurological Disorders.Daniel P. Kennedy & Ralph Adolphs - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (11):559-572.
    Psychiatric and neurological disorders have historically provided key insights into the structure-function rela- tionships that subserve human social cognition and behavior, informing the concept of the ‘social brain’. In this review, we take stock of the current status of this concept, retaining a focus on disorders that impact social behavior. We discuss how the social brain, social cognition, and social behavior are interdependent, and emphasize the important role of development and com- pensation. We suggest that the social brain, and its (...)
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  47.  10
    What is the Shape of Developmental Change?Karen E. Adolph, Scott R. Robinson, Jesse W. Young & Felix Gill-Alvarez - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (3):527-543.
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  48. Duhem, Quine and Grünbaum on Falsification.Gary Wedeking - 1969 - Philosophy of Science 36 (4):375-380.
    In Chapter 4 of [2] Grünbaum sets out to refute Einstein's philosophy of physical geometry. The latter's theory is seen as lying within the tradition of "anti-empiricist conventionalism" of Duhem and Quine as opposed to the "qualified empiricism" of Poincaré, Carnap and Reichenbach. Consequently Grünbaum sets the stage for his critique of Einstein by discussing certain of the views of these other thinkers. But in these preliminary discussions the various theses are confused and misrepresented in such a way as to (...)
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  49.  48
    Second Reply to Grünbaum.Richard Swinburne - 2005 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (4):919-925.
    I give a detailed defence against Grunbaum’s 2004 attack on my Bayesian argument for the existence of God from various features of the universe (its conformity to simple laws, the laws being such as to lead to the evolution of humans, etc.). Theism postulates the simplest possible stopping point for explanation of the various features which I mention, and is such that it makes the accounts of those features more probable than they would be otherwise.
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  50.  12
    Light Signals in Galilean Relativity.Adolphe Martin - 1994 - Apeiron: Studies in Infinite Nature 18 (1).
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