Results for 'African ethics'

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  1.  12
    African Ethics and Public Governance: Nepotism, Preferential Hiring, and Other Partiality (Repr.).Thaddeus Metz - 2022 - In Abiola Olukemi Ogunyemi, Isaiah Adisa & Robert Ebo Hinson (eds.), Ethics and Accountable Governance in Africa's Public Sector, Volume I. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 109-129.
    Shortened and mildly revised version of an essay that initially appeared in Murove (ed.) African Ethics (2009). This chapter is a work of applied ethics that aims to provide a convincing comprehensive account of how a government official in a post-independence sub-Saharan country should make decisions about how to allocate goods such as civil service jobs and contracts with private firms. Should such a person refrain from considering any particulars about potential recipients, or might it be appropriate (...)
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  2. The African Ethic of Ubuntu/Botho: Implications for Research on Morality.Thaddeus Metz & Joseph B. R. Gaie - 2010 - Journal of Moral Education 39 (3):273-290.
    In this article we provide a theoretical reconstruction of sub-Saharan ethics that we argue is a strong competitor to typical Western approaches to morality. According to our African moral theory, actions are right roughly insofar as they are a matter of living harmoniously with others or honouring communal relationships. After spelling out this ethic, we apply it to several issues in both normative and empirical research into morality. With regard to normative research, we compare and contrast this (...) moral theory with utilitarianism and Kantianism in the context of several practical issues. With regard to empirical research, we compare and contrast our sub-Saharan ethic with several of Lawrence Kohlberg’s views on the nature of morality. Our aim is to highlight respects in which the African approach provides a unitary foundation for a variety of normative and empirical conclusions that are serious alternatives to dominant Western views. (shrink)
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  3. African Ethics.Kwame Gyekye - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 2010.
  4. African Ethics and Partiality.Motsamai Molefe - 2016
    This article explores the debate between partiality and impartiality from an African perspective. I take one influential instance of a defence of impartiality in the African tradition, ‘sympathetic impartiality’, by Kwasi Wiredu, as a foil to represent African ethics. I argue that impartiality fails to cohere with three centrally defining features of African moral thought: the high regard attributed to the family, the veneration of ancestors and the notion of personhood. I merely highlight the first (...)
     
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  5.  2
    African Ethics.Thaddeus Metz - 2022 - In Tom Angier (ed.), Ethics: The Key Thinkers, 2nd Edition. Bloomsbury. pp. 261-281.
    Unlike the Chinese, Indian, and Western ethical traditions, the African one had not been text-based until as recently as the 1960s. Since a very large majority of indigenous sub-Saharan societies had oral cultures, there are no classic texts in the field of African ethics and hence also no Big Names; there's nothing comparable to, say, Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics or Confucius’ Analects. However, some names and texts have been more influential than others in shaping ethical reflection, particularly (...)
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  6.  63
    Mapping African Ethical Review Committee Activity Onto Capacity Needs: The Marc Initiative and Hrweb's Interactive Database of Recs in Africa.Carel Ijsselmuiden, Debbie Marais, Douglas Wassenaar & Boitumelo Mokgatla-Moipolai - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (2):74-86.
    Health research initiatives worldwide are growing in scope and complexity, particularly as they move into the developing world. Expanding health research activity in low- and middle-income countries has resulted in a commensurate rise in the need for sound ethical review structures and functions in the form of Research Ethics Committees (RECs). Yet these seem to be lagging behind as a result of the enormous challenges facing these countries, including poor resource availability and lack of capacity. There is thus an (...)
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  7.  75
    The African Ethic of Ubuntu.Thaddeus Metz - 2019 - 1000-Word Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology.
    Online reprint of part of an encyclopedia entry (from the Encyclopaedia of Quality of Life and Well-being Research 2014).
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  8.  29
    African Ethics and Journalism Ethics: News and Opinion in Light of Ubuntu.Thaddeus Metz - 2015 - Journal of Media Ethics 30 (2):74-90.
    In this article, I address some central issues in journalism ethics from a fresh perspective, namely, one that is theoretical and informed by values salient in sub-Saharan Africa. Drawing on a foundational moral theory with an African pedigree, which is intended to rival Western theories such as Kantianism and utilitarianism, I provide a unified account of an array of duties of various agents with respect to the news/opinion media. I maintain that the ability of the African moral (...)
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  9.  19
    Animals and African Ethics.Kai Horsthemke - 2017 - Journal of Animal Ethics 7 (2):119-144.
    African ethics is primarily concerned with community and harmonious communal relationships. The claim is frequently made on behalf of African moral beliefs and customs that, in stark contrast with Western moral attitudes and practices, there is no comparable objectification and exploitation of other-than-human animals and nature. This article investigates whether this claim is correct by examining the status of animals in religious and philosophical thought, as well as traditional cultural practices, in Africa. I argue that moral perceptions (...)
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  10. African Ethics.Thaddeus Metz - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Blackwell. pp. 129-38.
    I critically discuss contemporary work in African, i.e., sub-Saharan, moral philosophy that has been written in English. I begin by providing an overview of the profession, after which I consider some of the major issues in normative ethics, then discuss a few of the more noteworthy research in applied ethics, and finally take up the key issues in meta-ethics. My aim is to highlight discussions that should be of interest to an ethicist working anywhere in the (...)
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  11.  12
    An African Ethic for Nursing?Sandy Haegert - 2000 - Nursing Ethics 7 (6):492-502.
    This article derives from a doctoral thesis in which a particular discourse was used as a ‘paradigm case’. From this discourse an ethic set within a South African culture arose. Using many cultural ‘voices’ to aid the understanding of this narrative, the ethic shows that one can build on both a ‘justice’ and a ‘care’ ethic. With further development based on African culture one can take the ethic of care deeper and reveal ‘layers of understanding’. Care, together with (...)
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  12.  22
    The African Ethic of Ubuntu/Botho (Repr.).Thaddeus Metz & Joseph Gaie - 2011 - In Sharlene Swarz & Monica Taylor (eds.), Moral Education in Sub-Saharan Africa. Routledge. pp. 7-24.
    In this chapter, a reprint of an article initially appearing in the Journal of Moral Education (2010), we provide a theoretical reconstruction of sub-Saharan ethics that we argue is a strong competitor to typical Western approaches to morality. According to our African moral theory, actions are right roughly insofar as they are a matter of living harmoniously with others or honouring communal relationships. After spelling out this ethic, we apply it to several issues in both normative and empirical (...)
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  13. African Ethics in a Globalising World.Augustine Shutte - 2008 - In Ronald Nicolson (ed.), Persons in Community: African Ethics in a Global Culture. University of Kwazulu-Natal Press.
  14.  6
    African Ethics: Gĩkũyũ Traditional Morality.Hannah W. Kinoti (ed.) - 2010 - Rodopi.
    African Ethics: Gĩkũyũ Traditional Morality by Hannah Kinoti was prompted by the author’s concern about the decline of moral standards among the Gĩkũyũ in modern Kenya. Western education and increased interaction with other cultures had made the society more complex and sophisticated. At the same time, social evils like corruption, robbery, prostitution, broken homes and sexual promiscuity were on the increase. “While this is happening,” says the author, “African culture is often referred to in the past tense (...)
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  15. African Ethics.Barry Hallen - 2005 - In W. Schweiker (ed.), A Companion to Religious Ethics. Blackwell. pp. 406--412.
    Ordinary language analysis can be used to illustrate usage that is involved with morality in an African culture and thereby systematic thinking about ethical issues that are relevant to academic philosophy.
     
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  16.  5
    African Ethics and Online Communities: An Argument for a Virtual Communitarianism.Stephen Nkansah Morgan & Beatrice Okyere-Manu - 2021 - Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 10 (3):103-118.
    A virtual community is generally described as a group of people with shared interests, ideas, and goals in a particular digital group or virtual platform. Virtual communities have become ubiquitous in recent times, and almost everyone belongs to one or multiple virtual communities. The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, with its associated national lockdowns, has made virtual communities more essential and a necessary part of our daily lives, whether for work and business, educational purposes or keeping in touch with friends (...)
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  17. An Overview of African Ethics.Thaddeus Metz - 2017 - In Isaac Ukpokolo (ed.), Themes, Issues and Problems in African Philosophy. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 61-75.
    A reprint of 'African Ethics' from the _International Encyclopedia of Ethics_ (2015), but expanded to include discussion of more topics, texts and authors.
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  18.  13
    African Ethics.Björn Freter - forthcoming - In Björn Freter & Elvis Imafidon (eds.), Handbook of African Philosophy: Key Subject Areas. Dordrecht, New York: Springer.
  19.  2
    African Ethics: Gĩkũyũ Traditional Morality.Hannah Wangeci Kinoti - 2010 - Brill | Rodopi.
    _African Ethics: Gĩkũyũ Traditional Morality_ by Hannah Kinoti was prompted by the author’s concern about the decline of moral standards among the Gĩkũyũ in modern Kenya. Western education and increased interaction with other cultures had made the society more complex and sophisticated. At the same time, social evils like corruption, robbery, prostitution, broken homes and sexual promiscuity were on the increase. “While this is happening,” says the author, “African culture is often referred to in the past tense as (...)
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  20.  21
    An African Ethics of Personhood and Bioethics: A Reflection on Abortion and Euthanasia.Motsamai Molefe - 2020 - New York, NY, USA: Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book articulates an African conception of dignity in light of the salient axiological category of personhood in African cultures. The idea of personhood embodies a moral system for evaluating human lives exuding with virtue or ones that are morally excellent. This book argues that this idea of personhood embodies an under-explored conception of dignity, which accounts for it in terms of our capacity for the virtue of sympathy. It then proceeds to apply this personhood-based conception of dignity (...)
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  21.  4
    African Ethics, Respect for Persons, and Moral Dissent.Nancy S. Jecker - 2022 - Theoria 88 (3):666-678.
    Theoria, Volume 88, Issue 3, Page 666-678, June 2022.
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  22.  16
    Animal Rights and African Ethics: Congruence or Conflict?Elisa Galgut - 2017 - Journal of Animal Ethics 7 (2):175-182.
    In his new book Animals and African Ethics, Kai Horsthemke examines whether an African morality can be extended to include animal rights. He argues that the African ethical systems of ubuntu and ukama, because they are anthropocentric at heart, do not adequately make space for animal rights. In his defense of animal rights, Horsthemke responds to arguments claiming that there is a difference between racism and speciesism, and that the latter is morally justifiable even though the (...)
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  23. On African Ethics and the Appropriation of Western Capitalism : Cultural and Moral Constraints to the Evolution of Capitalism in Post-Colonial Africa.Munyaradzi Felix Murove - 2008 - In Ronald Nicolson (ed.), Persons in Community: African Ethics in a Global Culture. University of Kwazulu-Natal Press.
  24. The Virtues of African Ethics.Thaddeus Metz - 2013 - In Stan van Hooft (ed.), The Handbook of Virtue Ethics. Acumen Publishing. pp. 276-84.
    Since its inception as a professional field in the 1960s or so, African ethics has been neglected not only by virtue ethicists, but also by international scholars in moral philosophy generally. This is unfortunate, since sub-Saharan normative perspectives are characteristically virtue-centred, and, furthermore, are both different from traditional Western forms and just as worth taking seriously as they are. In my contribution, I spell out the two major respects in which virtue is a salient theme in African (...)
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  25. Two Conceptions of African Ethics.Thaddeus Metz - 2013 - Quest 25:141-61.
    I focus on D A Masolo’s discussion of morality as characteristically understood by African philosophers. My goals are both historical and substantive, meaning that I use reflection on Masolo’s book as an occasion to shed light not only on the nature of recent debates about African ethics, but also on African ethics itself. With regard to history, I argue that Masolo’s discussion of sub-Saharan morality suggests at least two major ways that the field has construed (...)
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  26. A Relational Moral Theory: African Ethics in and Beyond the Continent.Thaddeus Metz - 2022 - Oxford University Press.
    _A Relational Moral Theory_ draws on neglected resources from the Global South and especially the African philosophical tradition to provide a new answer to a perennial philosophical question: what do all morally right actions have in common as distinct from wrong ones? Metz points out that the principles of utility and of respect for autonomy, the two rivals that have dominated western moral theory for the last two centuries, share an individualist premise. Once that common assumption is replaced by (...)
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  27. African Ethics: A Guide to Key Ideas.Luís Rodrigues (ed.) - forthcoming - Bloomsbury.
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  28.  16
    Rebellion and African Ethics.Deane-Peter Baker - 2016 - Journal of Military Ethics 15 (4):288-298.
    In this paper I draw on Thaddeus Metz’s pioneering work in African ethics, and particularly his account of the concept described by the terms ubuntu, botho, hunhu or utu, to sketch an African normative understanding of the act of rebellion against the authority of the state. Most commonly articulated in the phrase “a person is a person through other persons”, ubuntu is interpreted by Metz as a unique communitarian moral principle which can be described in its essence (...)
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  29. The Young Marx and an African Ethic: Two Relational Views of Self-Realization.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - In Ken Cheng & Jun-Hyeok Kwak (eds.), Relationality East and West (tentative title). Routledge.
    Karl Marx's normative views have routinely been contrasted with moral-political theories such as utilitarianism and Rawlsian justice. They have not been systematically contrasted with characteristically African, and specifically communal, values, with post-independence African leaders such as Nyerere and Nkrumah instead having emphasized the similarities. In this article, a work of analytic philosophy, I sketch the essentials of Marx’s approach to the human good, especially his early writings on alienation from 1843-1845, and weigh them up against a theoretical interpretation (...)
     
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  30.  28
    Differentiations in African Ethics.Bénézet Bujo - 2005 - In William Schweiker (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Religious Ethics. Blackwell. pp. 423--37.
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  31. What Does an African Ethic of Social Cohesion Entail for Social Distancing?Thaddeus Metz - 2021 - Developing World Bioethics 21 (1):7-16.
    The most prominent strand of moral thought in the African philosophical tradition is relational and cohesive, roughly demanding that we enter into community with each other. Familiar is the view that being a real person means sharing a way of life with others, perhaps even in their fate. What does such a communal ethic prescribe for the coronavirus pandemic? Might it forbid one from social distancing, at least away from intimates? Or would it entail that social distancing is wrong (...)
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  32. African Ethics on Sex.J. O. Kayode - 1986 - In S. O. Abogunrin (ed.), Religion and Ethics in Nigeria. Daystar Press. pp. 51--59.
  33.  14
    An African Ethic of Hospitality for the Global Church: A Response to the Culture of Exploitation and Violence in Africa.Simon Mary Asese Aihiokhai - 2017 - Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 6 (2):20-41.
    Barely seventeen years into the twenty-first century, our world continues to be plagued by endless wars and violence. Africa is not immune from these crises. As many countries in Africa celebrate more than fifty years of independence from colonial rule, Africa is still the poorest continent in the world. Religious wars, genocides, ethnic and tribal cleansings have come to define the continent’s contemporary history. Corruption, nepotism, dictatorship, disregard for human life, tribalism, and many social vices are normalized realities in many (...)
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  34. Ubuntu as the African Ethical Vision.Augustine Shutte - 2009 - In Munyaradzi Felix Murove (ed.), African Ethics: An Anthology for Comparative and Applied Ethics. University of Kwazulu-Natal Press. pp. 85--99.
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  35.  21
    A Duty to Explore African Ethics?Christopher Simon Wareham - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (4):857-872.
    It has become increasingly common to point out that African morality is under-represented in ethical theorizing. However, it is less common to find arguments that this under-representation is unjustified. This latter claim tends to be simply assumed. In this paper I draw together arguments for this claim. In doing so, I make the case that the relative lack of attention paid to African moral ideas conflicts with epistemic and ethical values. In order to correct these shortcomings, moral theorists, (...)
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  36. African Ethics, Revised Edition.Thaddeus Metz - 2015 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley.
    An updated version of this 4000 word overview of the meta-, normative and applied ethical dimensions of contemporary sub-Saharan moral philosophy.
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  37. Recent Work in African Ethics.Thaddeus Metz - 2010 - Journal of Moral Education 39 (3):381-391.
    In this article I review the two books published in the last few years that would be of most interest to those researching or teaching African morality. They are African Ethics: An Anthology of Comparative and Applied Ethics and Persons in Community: African Ethics in a Global Culture, which are both collections of contemporary essays. These texts are among the first anthologies ever to appear that are strictly devoted to the values of black peoples (...)
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  38.  1
    An African Ethical Perspective on South Africa's Regulatory Frameworks Governing Animals in Research.Yolandi M. Coetser - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 92:119-128.
  39.  25
    Philosophy and Traditional African Ethics: The Problems of Economic Development.Joseph C. A. Agbakoba - 2009 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 65 (1/4):549 - 575.
    The purpose of this article is to examine the relationship between philosophy (considered as an expression of fundamental values) and development, this here particularly understood in its economic sense. The author starts with an exploration of the meaning of development and then goes on to evaluate the views and perspectives that tend to argue against philosophy in its broadest sense (that is considered simply as a worldview or as a system of values) occupying a distinct and significant role in development. (...)
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  40.  1
    African Ethics and Agent-Centred Duties.Motsamai Molefe - 2022 - In Jonathan O. Chimakonam, Edwin Etieyibo & Ike Odimegwu (eds.), Essays on Contemporary Issues in African Philosophy. Springer Verlag. pp. 107-124.
    This chapter explores the place of agent-centred duties in African philosophy. To do so, I investigate influential moral theories in the literature, namely: Kwasi Wiredu’s ‘sympathetic impartiality’, Kwame Gyekye’s ‘moderate communitarianism’ and Thad Metz’s ‘friendship’ principle. This chapter ultimately demonstrates that these moral theories fail to imagine a place for agent-centred duties in their moral frame. The problem, I suggest, is the tendency to construe morality entirely in other-regarding terms, which is not surprising in a moral culture that tends (...)
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  41. Cinderella, Survivor and Saviour: African Ethics and the Quest for a Global Ethic.Martin H. Prozesky - 2009 - In Munyaradzi Felix Murove (ed.), African Ethics: An Anthology for Comparative and Applied Ethics. University of Kwazulu-Natal Press. pp. 3--13.
     
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  42.  13
    Persons in Community: African Ethics in a Global Culture.Ronald Nicolson (ed.) - 2008 - University of Kwazulu-Natal Press.
    Persons in Community sounds a clear call for African voices to be heard in the global village. It explores the interface between traditional African ethics and contemporary issues, both locally and globally. The contributors to this book offer incisive perspectives on cultural values - such as ubuntu - in a wide range of areas: the workplace and Western capitalism, medical practices, government and political change, gender relationships and HIV/AIDS. What emerges is that there are distinctive and common (...)
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  43.  23
    Virtue in African Ethics as Living Harmoniously.Thaddeus Metz - 2022 - In Chenyang Li & Dascha Düring (eds.), The Virtue of Harmony. Oxford University Press. pp. 207-229.
    A large swathe of the indigenous African ethical tradition is frequently encapsulated in the maxim, “A person is a person through other persons.” This phrasing is an overly literal translation of some sayings that are prominent in the southern and central regions of Africa, but that resonate with most indigenous sub-Saharan cultures. This chapter articulates and motivates a philosophical interpretation of the maxim for an international readership interested in virtue. According to the initial formulation, one should strive to become (...)
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  44. Humility and the African Ethic of Ubuntu.Thaddeus Metz - 2020 - In Mark Alfano, Michael Lynch & Alessandra Tanesini (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Humility. Routledge. pp. 257-267.
    This chapter explores prominent respects in which humility figures into ubuntu, the southern African (and specifically Nguni) term for humanness often used to capture moral philosophies and cultures indigenous to the sub-Saharan region. The chapter considers respects in which humility is prescribed by ubuntu, understood not just as a relational normative ethic, but also as a moral epistemology. Focusing specifically on philosophical ideas published in academic fora over the past 50 years or so, the chapter contends that, although the (...)
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  45.  8
    Origins of African Ethics.Segun Gbadegesin - 2005 - In William Schweiker (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Religious Ethics. Blackwell. pp. 411--422.
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  46.  20
    Ethics in Occupational Health: Deliberations of an International Workgroup Addressing Challenges in an African Context.Leslie London, Godfrey Tangwa, Reginald Matchaba-Hove, Nhlanhla Mkhize, Reginald Nwabueze, Aceme Nyika & Peter Westerholm - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):48.
    International codes of ethics play an important role in guiding professional practice in developing countries. In the occupational health setting, codes developing by international agencies have substantial import on protecting working populations from harm. This is particularly so under globalisation which has transformed processes of production in fundamental ways across the globe. As part of the process of revising the Ethical Code of the International Commission on Occupational Health, an African Working Group addressed key challenges for the relevance (...)
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  47. Two Conceptions of African Ethics.T. Metz - 2011 - Quest - and African Journal of Philosophy 25 (1-2):141-162.
  48. Is There a Specific African Ethic? Towards a Discussion with Western Thought.Benezet Bujo - 2009 - In Munyaradzi Felix Murove (ed.), African Ethics: An Anthology for Comparative and Applied Ethics. University of Kwazulu-Natal Press. pp. 113--128.
     
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  49.  2
    The Virtues of African Ethics (Repr.).Thaddeus Metz - 2022 - In Luís Rodrigues & Jonathan Chimakonam (eds.), African Ethics: A Guide to Key Ideas. Bloomsbury. pp. 185-196.
    Mildly modified reprint of a chapter originally appearing in The Handbook of Virtue Ethics (2012).
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  50.  22
    Kai Horsthemke Animals and African Ethics. Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. Xi + 187pp. £60.00. Isbn 978‐0‐230‐57686‐5. [REVIEW]Marko Ahteensuu - 2016 - Theoria 82 (3):288-294.
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