Results for 'Agricultural ethics'

992 found
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  1.  28
    Teaching Agricultural Ethics.Robert L. Zimdahl - 2000 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 13 (3-4):229-247.
    A survey was conducted in the United Statesin 1998 and 1999 to determine what members of theNational Association of State Universities and LandGrant Colleges (NASULGC) and of the AmericanAssociation of State Colleges and Universities (AASCU)offered agricultural ethics as an undergraduatecourse. Of the 59 responses, the survey found 15 USuniversities that have a course on agricultural ethicsor one that includes the topic. This paper willdiscuss the survey's findings and offer six reasonsthat explain why so few universities includeagricultural (...) in their curriculum. The sixreasons are: 1) lack of education in ethics andphilosophy on the part of agricultural scientists; 2)lack of institutional or disciplinary incentives foragricultural scientists to reflect on their work andits effects; 3) lack of administrative leadership incolleges of agriculture due to their failure tounderstand the benefits of agricultural ethics; 4)continuance of the prevailing assumption thatagriculture is inherently ethically correct; 5) thefelt necessity by agricultural scientists to defendthemselves against what are perceived to be unjust andinaccurate criticisms of agriculture; and 6) areluctance to engage in ethical reflection because itmay raise more problems than it solves. The paper'scentral question is why ethics is not taught in morecolleges of agriculture. Those who teach know thattheir students are tomorrow's farmers, businesspeople, professors, and policy makers. If we who nowteach and administer fail to include true ethicalstudy in our student's education, our students willstill be defensive when confronted with an ethicalissue and unable to respond except with assertionsbased on the production paradigm, the correctness ofwhich, although unexamined, we taught them. If theagricultural faculty does not recognize theopportunity and the obligation to participate in theshaping of values, then the values of agriculture willbe shaped elsewhere in the institution and insociety. (shrink)
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  2.  26
    Agricultural Practices, Ecology, and Ethics in the Third World.L. S. Westra, K. L. Bowen & B. K. Behe - 1991 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 4 (1):60-77.
    The increasing demand for horticultural products for nutritional and economic purposes by lesser developed countries (LDC's) is well-documented. Technological demands of the LDC's producing horticultural products is also increasing. Pesticide use is an integral component of most agricultural production, yet chemicals are often supplied without supplemental information vital for their safe and efficient implementation. Illiteracy rates in developing countries are high, making pesticide education even more challenging. For women, who perform a significant share of agricultural tasks, illiteracy rates (...)
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  3.  14
    The First European Congress on Agricultural and Food Ethics and Follow-Up Workshop on Ethics and Food Biotechnology: A US Perspective. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Burkhardt, Paul B. Thompson & Tarla Rae Peterson - 2000 - Agriculture and Human Values 17 (4):327-332.
    The first European Congress on Agriculturaland Food Ethics was held at Wageningen University andResearch Center (WUR), Wageningen, The Netherlands, March 4–6, 1999. This was the inaugural conference forthe newly forming European Society for Agricultural andFood Ethics – EUR-SAFE – and around two hundredpeople from across Europe (and a handful of NorthAmericans) participated. Following theCongress/conference, a small (16 people), two-dayworkshop funded in part by the US National ScienceFoundation focused on similarities and differencesbetween the US and the EU regarding (...)
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  4.  6
    Environmental Ethics and Agricultural Intensification. Palmer - 2008 - In Paul Thompson (ed.), The Ethics of Intensification: Agricultural Development and Cultural Chang. Springer. pp. 131-148.
  5.  47
    Paul B. Thompson: The Ethics of Intensification: Agricultural Development and Cultural Change.James B. Gerrie - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (6):611-614.
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  6.  37
    Per Pinstrup-Andersen & Peter Sandøe (Eds.): Ethics, Hunger and Globalization. In Search of Appropriate Policies. (The International Library of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Ethics 12), Dordrecht, Springer, 2007. [REVIEW]Johan De Tavernier - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (4):383-388.
  7.  11
    Per Pinstrup-Andersen & Peter Sandøe (Eds.): Ethics, Hunger and Globalization. In Search of Appropriate Policies.(The International Library of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Ethics 12), Dordrecht, Springer, 2007. [REVIEW]Johan Tavernier - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (4):383-388.
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  8.  46
    Paul B. Thompson, Agricultural Ethics: Research, Teaching and Public Policy, Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press, 1998. ISBN: 0-8138-2806-6. [REVIEW]Mora Campbell - 2000 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 13 (3):259-265.
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  9.  57
    The Agricultural Ethics of Biofuels: A First Look. [REVIEW]Paul B. Thompson - 2008 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (2):183-198.
    A noticeable push toward using agricultural crops for ethanol production and for undertaking research to expand the range of possible biofuels began to dominate discussions of agricultural science and policy in the United States around 2005. This paper proposes two complementary philosophical approaches to examining the philosophical questions that should be posed in connection with this turn of events. One stresses a critique of underlying epistemological commitments in the scientific models being developed to determine the feasibility of various (...)
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  10.  31
    Ethics, Narrative, and Agriculture: Transforming Agricultural Practice Through Ecological Imagination. [REVIEW]A. Whitney Sanford - 2011 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (3):283-303.
    The environmental degradation caused by industrial agriculture, as well as the resulting social and health consequences, creates an urgency to rethink food production by expanding the moral imagination to include agricultural practices. Agricultural practices presume human use of the earth and acknowledge human dependence on the biotic community, and these relations mean that agriculture presents a separate set of considerations in the broader field of environmental ethics. Many scholars and activists have argued persuasively that we need new (...)
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  11.  13
    Theology and Agricultural Ethics at State Universities: A Rejoinder. [REVIEW]Richard A. Baer - 1989 - Agriculture and Human Values 6 (3):99-104.
    Michael Eldridge's critique of the author's earlier paper on the place of theology in agricultural ethics at state universities fails in at least three places: (1) Eldridge presents an inadequate picture of how basic assumptions function in human thinking and misuses terms like “public,” “private,” “particular,” “empirical,” and “common experience”; (2) he wrongly distinguishes between philosophers and theologians on the bais of their openness to new data, ideas, and public criticism; (3) he misunderstands the meaning of the First (...)
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  12.  11
    Taking Agricultural Ethics to the Forefront: A Practical Guide to the Organizational and Philosophical Issues. [REVIEW]Jeffrey A. Lockwood - 1988 - Agriculture and Human Values 5 (4):96-101.
    If the field of agricultural ethics is to realize its potential and if the agricultural and philosophical communities are to address the impending changes in world food production, there is a need for education in public, governmental, and academic arenas. The development of a symposium on agriculural ethics is an effective method for “raising awareness” of the imminent need for a consolidation of philosophical and agricultural expertise. Based on experience, a series of organizational guidelines and (...)
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  13.  13
    Agricultural Ethics, Neurotic Natures and Emotional Encounters: An Application of Actor‐Network Theory.Pamela Richardson - 2004 - Ethics, Place and Environment 7 (3):195 – 201.
    Fieldwork experiences in the summer of 2003 resulted in confusion regarding the ethical positioning of myself (the interviewer) in relation to the multiple 'actants' that constituted the research subject(s). This paper explores some of these personal issues and conflicts in order to clarify, gain perspective on and critique the nature (and indeed the 'Nature') of my fieldwork. The multiple positioning of participants within networks of agricultural and social ethics is addressed. I borrow Lewis Holloway's idea of relational ethical (...)
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  14. Agricultural Ethics in Early Chinese Perspective: Some Issues.Kirill Thompson - 2018 - In Kirill Thompson & Paul Thompson (eds.), Agricultural Ethics in East Asian Perspective. Springer Verlag.
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  15.  75
    Ethics in Agricultural Research.Paul B. Thompson - 1988 - Journal of Agricultural Ethics 1 (1):11-20.
    Utilitarian ethics provides a model for evaluating moral responsibility in agricultural research decisions according to the balance of costs and benefits accruing to the public at large. Given the traditions and special requirements of agricultural research planning, utilitarian theory is well adapted to serve as a starting point for evaluating these decisions, but utilitarianism has defects that are well documented in the philosophical literature. Criticisms of research decisions in agricultural mechanization and biotechnology correspond to documented defects (...)
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  16.  32
    Of Firms and Farms: Agricultural Ethics and the Problem of Compensation. [REVIEW]Jan Vorstenbosch - 2000 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 12 (1):81-98.
    Compensating farmers out of public funds for financiallosses due to adverse weather conditions and animaldiseases is fairly common in most Western countries.This government policy differs from that towardsentrepeneurs in other economic branches. Whatjustifies this differential treatment? In the firstpart of this article, three theories of justice arepresented that offer a general framework for dealingwith problems of compensatory justice. In the secondpart, the possibilities of justifiying differentialtreatment of agriculture within each of these theoriesare explored. It is concluded that compensatorypractices in agriculture (...)
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  17.  7
    A Latin American Perspective to Agricultural Ethics.Cristian Timmermann - 2019 - In Eduardo Rivera-López & Martín Hevia (eds.), Controversies in Latin American Bioethics. Cham: Springer. pp. 203-217.
    The mixture of political, social, cultural and economic environments in Latin America, together with the enormous diversity in climates, natural habitats and biological resources the continent offers, make the ethical assessment of agricultural policies extremely difficult. Yet the experience gained while addressing the contemporary challenges the region faces, such as rapid urbanization, loss of culinary and crop diversity, extreme inequality, disappearing farming styles, water and land grabs, malnutrition and the restoration of the rule of law and social peace, can (...)
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  18.  15
    The Third Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics (EurSafe).Claudio Peri - 2001 - Agriculture and Human Values 18 (245):245-245.
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  19.  15
    Dueling Land Ethics: Uncovering Agricultural Stakeholder Mental Models to Better Understand Recent Land Use Conversion.Benjamin L. Turner, Melissa Wuellner, Timothy Nichols & Roger Gates - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (5):831-856.
    The aim of this paper is to investigate how alternative land ethics of agricultural stakeholders may help explain recent land use changes. The paper first explores the historical development of the land ethic concept in the United States and how those ethics have impacted land use policy and use of private lands. Secondly, primary data gathered from semi-structured interviews of farmers, ranchers, and influential stakeholders are then analyzed using stakeholder analysis methods to identify major factors considered in (...)
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  20.  18
    Introduction to the Special Issue of the Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics From EURSAFE 2010.Leire Escajedo San-Epifanio & Mickey Gjerris - 2012 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (6):793-796.
    Introduction to the Special Issue of the Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics from EURSAFE 2010 Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s10806-012-9390-2 Authors Leire Escajedo San-Epifanio, Department of Constitutional Law and History of Political Thought, Faculty of Social Sciences and Communication, University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain Mickey Gjerris, Faculty of Science, Institute of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Journal Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Online ISSN 1573-322X Print (...)
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  21.  21
    Consumer Exit, Voice, and Loyalty: Indicative, Legitimation, and Regulatory Role in Agricultural and Food Ethics[REVIEW]Terry Newholm - 2000 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 12 (2):153-164.
    Disputes over agriculture and foodproduction have occurred against a background ofdisputed authority with regard to governments,experts, and single issue pressure groups. Consumershave intervened in quite significant ways with manyaltering their buying patterns. The conventionalassessment of consumer ``preferences'''' throughaggregated purchases fails to reflect the ethicalnature of significant numbers of purchase decisions.Nevertheless, consumers seem to offer a wider basis onwhich to consider ethical issues. The author proposesthat a valuable inclusion of consumer opinion in thedebates would require a move away from neo-classicaleconomics and (...)
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  22.  27
    A Response to Martin Calkins’s “How Casuistry and Virtue Ethics Might Break the Ideological Stalemate Troubling Agricultural Biotechnology”.Ronald Sandler - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (2):319-327.
    Martin Calkins proposes the “combined use of casuistry and virtue ethics as a way for both sides to move ahead on [the] pressing issue [of agricultural biotechnology].” However, his defense of this methodology relies on a set of mistaken, albeit familiar, claims regarding the normative resources of virtue ethics: (1) virtue ethics is egoistic; (2) virtue ethics cannot defend any particular account of the virtues as the objectively correct ones and is therefore inextricably relativistic; (3) (...)
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  23.  29
    Research Note on Equity and Ethics in State-Promotion of Agricultural Products.Adesoji O. Adelaja & Robin G. Brumfield - 1991 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 4 (1):82-88.
    Many state governments in the United States promote locally-produced farm products. This paper discusses issues related to the ethics and equity of such promotional programs. The paper argues that generic promotion is generally easier to justify in terms of ethics and equity than brand promotion. It also argues that informative and factual brand promotions are easier to justify than deceptive and persuasive brand promotions. Additional equity issues arising when taxpayers finance state-promotional programs are also discussed.
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  24.  24
    The Agricultural Ethics of Biofuels: Climate Ethics and Mitigation Arguments.Paul B. Thompson - 2012 - Poiesis and Praxis 8 (4):169-189.
    An environmental, climate mitigation rationale for research and development on liquid transportation fuels derived from plants emerged among many scientists and engineers during the last decade. However, between 2006 and 2010, this climate ethic for pursuing biofuel became politically entangled and conceptually confused with rationales for encouraging greater use of plant-based ethanol that were both unconnected to climate ethics and potentially in conflict with the value-commitments providing a mitigation-oriented reason to promote and develop new and expanded sources of biofuel. (...)
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  25. Agricultural Ethics: Research, Teaching, and Public Policy.Paul B. Thompson - 1998 - Iowa State University Press.
  26.  5
    Paul B. Thompson and Kirill O. Thompson , Agricultural Ethics in East Asian Perspective: A Transpacific Dialogue.Leila Chakroun - 2019 - Environmental Values 28 (5):627-629.
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  27.  12
    Agricultural Ethics: Then and Now.Paul Banks Thompson - 2015 - Agriculture and Human Values 32 (1):77-85.
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  28.  2
    Agricultural Big Data Analytics and the Ethics of Power.Mark Ryan - forthcoming - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-21.
    Agricultural Big Data analytics is being proposed to ensure better farming practices, decision-making, and a sustainable future for humankind. However, the use and adoption of these technologies may bring about potentially undesirable consequences, such as exercises of power. This paper will analyse Brey’s five distinctions of power relationships and apply them to the use agricultural Big Data. It will be shown that ABDA can be used as a form of manipulative power to initiate cheap land grabs and acquisitions. (...)
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  29. Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics.Paul B. Thompson & David M. Kaplan (eds.) - 2012
     
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  30.  10
    Agricultural Ethics at State Universities: Why No Input From the Theologians? [REVIEW]Richard A. Baer - 1985 - Agriculture and Human Values 2 (4):41-46.
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  31.  9
    Theology and Agricultural Ethics in the State University a Reply to Richard Baer.Michael Eldridge - 1985 - Agriculture and Human Values 2 (4):47-53.
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  32. Agricultural Ethics: Issues for the 21st Century: Proceedings of a Symposium Sponsored by the Soil Science Society of America, American Society of Agronomy, and the Crop Science Society of America in Minneapolis, Mn, Oct. 31-Nov. 5, 1992. [REVIEW]Peter Hartel, Kathryn Paxton George & James Vorst (eds.) - 1994 - Cssa.
     
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  33.  22
    Agricultural Ethics in East Asian Perspective.Kirill Thompson & Paul Thompson (eds.) - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
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  34.  24
    How Casuistry and Virtue Ethics Might Break the Ideological Stalemate Troubling Agricultural Biotechnology.Martin Calkins - 2002 - Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (3):305-330.
    Abstract: This article begins by showing how recent controversies over the widespread promotion of artificially gene-altered foods are rooted in opposing ethical and ideological worldviews. It then explains how these contrasting worldviews have led to a practical, ethical, and ideological standoff and, finally, suggests the combined use of casuistry and virtue ethics as a way for both sides to move ahead on this pressing issue.
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  35.  8
    Introduction to the Special Issue of the Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics on Ethical Aspects of Large-Scale Land Acquisition in Developing Countries.Lieske Voget-Kleschin & Konrad Ott - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (6):1059-1064.
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  36. Ethics and Agricultural Biotechnology: More Opposing Viewpoints, Introduction.Gary L. Comstock - 1995 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 8 (2):95-97.
     
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  37.  4
    Unifying Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.Evelyn Brister - 2019 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 22 (3):251-258.
    ABSTRACTPaul B. Thompson’s agrarian ethic aims to unite the core agricultural value of providing sustenance for people with the environmental value of preserving nature into the future. His recentl...
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  38. Strengthening Ethics Within Agricultural Cooperatives.Jerry van der Kamp - 1997 - U.S. Dept. Of Agriculture, Rural Business Cooperative Service.
     
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  39.  4
    Reflections Discourse Ethics for Agricultural Biotechnology: Its Limits and its Inevitability — A Response to Jamieson.Paul Thompson - 2000 - Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (2):275-278.
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  40.  12
    Report of the Nabc Ad-Hoc Committee on Ethics.Paul B. Thompson - 1997 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 10 (2):105-125.
    1. Each NABC member institutions should ensure that subject matter on ethical issues associated with food and agricultural biotechnology is systematically integrated into the curriculum of their institution. The pattern of implementation will vary a teach institution, but we expect that some combination of the following three strategies will be employed at most institutions. a) Modules Included in Basic and Applied Science Courses b) Modules Included in General Courses on Applied Ethics c) Special courses on Ethics and (...)
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  41.  9
    Ethics, Communication Models, and Power in the Agricultural Community: Thoughts About Development Communication. [REVIEW]Nancy Brendlinger - 1992 - Agriculture and Human Values 9 (2):86-94.
    Third World farmers are faced with development projects that foster one-way information flows from the government or organization to the farmers, despite the scholarly and practical interest in participatory development models. This article discusses why development projects do not better support power-sharing and proposes introducing sensemaking methodology into the planning and evaluation stages of agricultural development projects.Participation has been difficult to operationalize for many reasons including that communication models used in development are based on the transmission model of communication (...)
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  42.  7
    The Use of Moral Dilemmas for Teaching Agricultural Engineers.Dr J. Félix Lozano, Guillermo Palau-Salvador, Vicent Gozálvez & Alejandra Boni - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (2):327-334.
    Agricultural engineers’ jobs are especially related to sustainability and earth life issues. They usually work with plants or animals, and the aim of their work is often linked to producing food to allow people to improve their quality of life. Taking into account this dual function, the moral requirements of their day-to-day professional practice are arguably greater than those of other professions.Agricultural engineers can develop their ability to live up to this professional responsibility by receiving ethical training during (...)
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  43. The Ethics of Intensification: Agricultural Development and Cultural Chang.Paul Thompson (ed.) - 2008 - Springer.
     
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  44. The Ethics of Agri-Food Biotechnology : How Can an Agricultural Technology Be so Important?Jeffrey Burkhardt - 2008 - In Kenneth H. David & Paul B. Thompson (eds.), What Can Nanotechnology Learn From Biotechnology?: Social and Ethical Lessons for Nanoscience From the Debate Over Agrifood Biotechnology and Gmos. Elsevier/Academic Press.
     
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  45.  3
    Preprints First European Congress on Agricultural and Food Ethics.V. Beekman & F. Brom - unknown
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  46. Agricultural as the Image of Aesthetics and Ethics: A Comparative View.Mara Miller - forthcoming - Pursuit of Comparative Aesthetics.
     
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  47. Animal Welfare and Ethics Resources for Youth and College Agricultural Educators.Cynthia Petrie Smith - 2000 - U.S. Dept. Of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, National Agricultural Library, Animal Welfare Information Center.
     
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  48. Biofuels: Efficiency, Ethics, and Limits to Human Appropriation of Ecosystem Services. [REVIEW]Tiziano Gomiero, Maurizio G. Paoletti & David Pimentel - 2010 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (5):403-434.
    Biofuels have lately been indicated as a promising source of cheap and sustainable energy. In this paper we argue that some important ethical and environmental issues have also to be addressed: (1) the conflict between biofuels production and global food security, particularly in developing countries, and (2) the limits of the Human Appropriation of ecosystem services and Net Primary Productivity. We warn that large scale conversion of crops, grasslands, natural and semi-natural ecosystem, (such as the conversion of grasslands to cellulosic (...)
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  49.  35
    The Ethics of Constrained Choice: How the Industrialization of Agriculture Impacts Farming and Farmer Behavior. [REVIEW]Mary K. Hendrickson & Harvey S. James - 2005 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (3):269-291.
    The industrialization of agriculture not only alters the ways in which agricultural production occurs, but it also impacts the decisions farmers make in important ways. First, constraints created by the economic environment of farming limit what options a farmer has available to him. Second, because of the industrialization of agriculture and the resulting economic pressures it creates for farmers, the fact that decisions are constrained creates new ethical challenges for farmers. Having fewer options when faced with severe economic pressures (...)
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  50.  21
    An Aretaic Objection to Agricultural Biotechnology.Ronald Sandler - 2004 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (3):301-317.
    Considerations of virtue and character appear from time to time in the agricultural biotechnology literature. Critics of the technologies often suggest that they are contrary to some virtue (usually humility) or do not fit with the image of ourselves and the human place in the world that we ought to embrace. In this article, I consider the aretaic or virtue-based objection that to engage in agricultural biotechnology is to exhibit arrogance, hubris, and disaffection. In section one, I discuss (...)
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